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Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery

Journals: August, 1804

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Meriwether Lewis, William Clark
Members of the Expedition
Camp DuBois, Fort Clatsop National Memorial, The Lewis and Clark Trail
Keelboats, Maps, Scientific Discoveries
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial

1803 1805 1806

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
January February March April May June
July September October November December
Aug 18
Clark: The party with the Indians came today. Reed confessed that he had stolen a "rifle shot-pouch Powder & Ball." His punishment was to run the ganelet four times and receive 9 lashes from each man in the camp. The Chiefs of the Nations wanted us to give Reed peace, but after we explained to the Indian Chiefs what damage a man could do to our journey, they understood.
Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Crime Native American Heritage
Aug 19
Clark: Today, we gave the gift for the Indian Chiefs and Warriors. Lewis explained to the Indians, the speech from the Council Bluffs by Mr. Faufon that was sent to the Nation. The Indians approved of the speech and the advice. Serjeant Floyd is taken very bad all at once* with a Biliose Chorlick we attempt to relieve him without success as yet, he gets worst and we are much alarmed at his Situation, all attention to him.
Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Health Native American Heritage The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 20
Clark: Sergeant Floyd much weaker and no better. Floyd died with a great deal of Composure, before his death he said to me, " I am going away" I want you to write me a letter. We buried him on the top of the bluff with Honors of War.
Sergeant Floyd Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Death The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 21
Clark: We set out early, passed handsome pale coloured bluffs.
Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 22
Clark: Ordered a Vote for a Serjeant to chuse one of three which may be the highest number. The highest numbers are P. Gass had 19 votes. Lewis took a dose of salts to counteract the arsenic that he came in contact while improving the quality of the minerals found in the bluff. These minerals include Cobalt, Alum, Pyrite, and Copperas.
Iowa Nebraska Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Minerals The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 23
Clark: We saw several Prarie wolves today. J. Fields Sent out to hunt Came to the Boat and informed that he had killed a Buffalow* in the plain ahead. Cap. Lewis took 12 Men and had the buffalow brought to the boat.
Iowa Nebraska Nebraska Historical Marker Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Wolves Buffalo Smithsonian The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 24
Clark: I killed two elks today. We came across a hill known as the Spirit Mound. Indians believe that short people about 18 inches high live in this mound and kill anyone that comes near them. In a northerley direction from the Mouth of this Creek in an emence Plain a high Hill* is situated, and appears of a Conic form, and by the different nations of Indians in this quarter is Suppose to be the residence of Deavels.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/24/04 The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 25
Clark: Capt Lewis & Myself concluded to go and See the mound which was viewed with such turror by all the different nations in this quarter. We selected 9 men to go along.

It was a cloudy morning today. Capt. Lewis and myself went to go see the Mound. They dropped down to the mouth of the White Stone Creek at about 8 a.m. They ascended to the top of the rising ground of about 60 feet, from the top of this high land the country is level and an open plain. The Indians call this the Mountain of Little People or Spirits. At around 12 p.m. we arrived at the top of the hill. By now the day was very hot and we stopped at the White Stone Creek to cool off. After cooling off we refreshed ourselves with grapes, plumbs, and blue currents. After this we got back on the trail and onto the surrounding plains. The wind began to pick up and forced insects of many kinds to be driven to us. This then caused small birds to arrive where they fed on the insects.

From the top of the mound you could see herds of buffaloes feeding on the plains. The soil of the plains were very fertile. The boat proceeded on down the river without us. During this time, I killed an elk and Fields brought in five deer. We set the plains on fire to catch the attention of the Sioux Indians. Later that evening in began to rain.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/24/04 - Spirit Mound Sioux Indians Botany Fire Safety Elk Deer Buffalo Insects Birds The Lewis and Clark Trail

Aug 26
Clark: Today we prepared the deer meat and made the elk skins into a toe rope, we Set out Leaving Dreyer & Shannon to hunt the horses which was lost with directions to follow us keeping on the high lands. Sergt. Gass was put in charge of the late Sergt. Floyd's mess and discharge others of such duties.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/04 Elk Horses Food & Nutrition The Lewis and Clark Trail History Channel
Aug 27
Clark: Today the morning star was much larger than before.

G. Drewyer came up and informed that he could neither find Shannon nor horses, we Sent Sheilds & J Fields, back to hunt Shannon & the horses.

There was a gentle breeze out and we passed the White Clay Marl. A large of the stone seemed to made up of lime with a trace of cobalt in it. It resembled slate but was much softer than slate.

Three Indians informed us that there was a camp of Sioux near the mouth of the Jacque river. We sent Mr. Dorion, the Sioux interpreter, to invite the chiefs to the Sioux nation to our council. The third Indian that stayed with us was of the Mohair nation and told us that the Mohair were going to make peace with the Pawnee tribe.

This evening was pleasant and cool and the river was slowly sinking lower.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/27/04 Horses Native American Tribes The Lewis and Clark Trail

Aug 30
Clark: This morning the fog was very thick. We were preparing some medals for the Chiefs and finished my speech. We sent Mr. Dorion in a perogue for the Chiefs and Warriers to a council under an Oak Tree near where we had a flag flying on a high flagstaff. At 12 p.m. we met with the Indians and Capt. Lewis delivered the speech to them. I delivered the speech & then made one great Chief by giving him a Meadel & some cloathes. After the speech we smoked the peace pipe with them and retired back to our camp.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/27/04 Weather Native American Tribes The Lewis and Clark Trail
Aug 31
Clark: Today I rose early and instructed Mr. Dorion to bring about peace with the Sioux,, Mohair, Pawnee, Ponckaries, Otiose, and the Missouri Indian tribes. In the late evening we gave Mr. Dorion a bottle of whiskey and he and the other Indians crossed the river and camped on the other side. It rained tonight and the wind was very violent. The river is now rising.
South Dakota Lewis & Clark Map: 08/27/04 Native American Tribes The Lewis and Clark Trail
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This guide last edited 12/17/2005
This guide last revised 05/19/2008
This guide created 10/12/2004