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Journals: September, 1805

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1805
September
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September 1
1805
Clark: a fine morning Set out early and proceeded on over high ruged hills passing the heads of the Small runs which fall into the river on our left to a large Creek which falls into the river 6 miles to our left and encamped in the bottom,

Some rain to day at 12 and in the evening which obliges us to Continu all night despatched 2 men to the mouth of the Creek to purchase fish of the Indians at that place, They returned with Some dried, we giged 4 Sammon & killed one Deer to Day.

the Countrey which we passed to day is well watered & broken Pore Stoney hilly country except the bottoms of the Creek which is narrow, all the Indians leave us except our Guide, one man Shot two bear this evining unfortunately we Could git neither of them


Ordway: we Set out at Sun rise and proceeded on up a high mountain at the first pich one of the horses fell backward and roled over, but did not hurt him much. we proceeded on up and down the high mountains Crossed Several Creeks the water of which was verry cold. considerable of pine and cotton timber along each of those branches, and pleanty of Servis berrys which are verry Sweet and good at this time.

in the afternoon we had Several Shower of rain and a little hail. we descended a mountain down in to a valley through which runs a large Creek we went on a Short distance up the valley and Camped at Some old Lodges.

we giged Several Sammon in this Creek. three men went down to the mouth of the creek and bought about 25 pounds of dryed Sammon and Sammon rose [roe?] with a fiew Small articles.

our hunters killed a Deer and wounded 2 bear at dusk. we Came 23 miles this day. we find abundance of wild or choke Cherries which are now ripe in this bottom we gethered and boiled Some which eat verry well. Several Small Showers of rain this evening.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 2
1805
Clark: a Cloudy Mornin, raind Some last night We set out early and proceeded on up the Fish Creek, Crossed a large fork from the right and one from the left; and at 8 miles left the roade on which we were pursuing and which leads over to the Missouri; and proceeded up a West fork of Fish Creek without a roade

proceded on thro' thickets in which we were obliged to Cut a road, over rockey hill Sides where our horss were in pitial danger of Slipping to Ther certain distruction & up & Down Steep hills, where Several horses fell, Some turned over, and others Sliped down Steep hill Sides, one horse Crippeled & 2 gave out.

with the greatest dificuelty risque &c. we made five miles & Encamped on The left Side of the Creek in a Small Stoney bottom

after night Some time before the rear Came up, one Load left, about 2 miles back, the horse on which it was Carried Crippled.

Some rain at night


Ordway: a cloudy wet morning. we loaded our horses and Set out about 7 oClock, and proceeded on.

the way we had to go was verry bad Some places thick bushes and logs to pass over. other places rockey. our course about N. E. crossed Several creeks or large Spring runs the water of which was verry cold. Saw a nomber of large beaver dams and beaver ponds on this creek.

the pine and balsom fir timber tall and Strait, and pleanty. Some of the pine is large enofe for canoes or boards &C. considerable of common alder along the creeks and runs.

we proceeded on up the creek passed through verry bad thickets where we were oblidged to cut a road for our horses to pass through.

handsom tall strait pine and balsom fir and a little cotton intermixed. crossed Several branches. Some places muddy. we call this place dismal Swamp. Several beaver dams in it &C. Some places Steep along the edge of the mountains and verry rough and rockey. the mountains make close on each Side of the creek and high covred with pine. this is a verry lonesome place.

Some of our weak horses fell backward climeing the Steep rockey hills, and mountains. we had considerable of trouble this day carring Several of the horses loads up the steep rockey mont. one of the horses gave out So that he could not carry his load.

we went 13 miles this day and Camped in a thicket near the creek. it was about six miles through the thicket which we call the dismal Swamp. nothing killed this day by the hunters only a fiew Fessents. no game of any kind to be Seen in these mountains.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lemhi County, Idaho Shoshone Indians The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 6
1805
Clark: Some little rain,

purchased two fine horses & took a Vocabiliary of the language litened our loads & packed up, rained contd. untill 12 oClock

we Set out at 2 oClock at the Same time all the Indians Set out on Ther way to meet the Snake Indians at the 3 forks of the Missouri.

Crossed a Small riverfrom the right Soon after Setting out, also a Small Creek from the North all three forks Comeing together below our Camp at which place the Mountains Close on each Side of the river, We proceeded on N 30 W. Crossed a Mountain and Struck the river Several miles down, at which place the Indians had Encamped two days before,

we Proceeded on Down the River which is 30 yds. wide Shallow & Stoney. Crossing it Several times & Encamped in a Small bottom on the right side.

rained this evening nothing to eate but berries, our flour out, and but little Corn, the hunters killed 2 pheasents only—

all our horses purchased of the oote lash Shutes we Secured well for fear of their leaveing of us, and watched them all night for fear of their leaving us or the Indians prosuing & Steeling them.


Ordway: a clear cold morning.

we packed up our baggage the natives got up their horses also and Struck their Lodges in order to Set out for the Missourie. we have now got 40 good pack horses and three Colts. four hunters were furnished horses without loads in order to hunt constant.

about 1 oClock we Set out again on our journey. the natives Set out at the Same time for the Missourie we proceeded on soon crossed a large creek in this valley then Soon took the mountains. one of the hunters left us. we went over a Mountain about 7 miles and descended down the Mountain on a creek and Camped. eat a little parched corn. light Sprinkling of rain, through the course of this

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Ravalli County, Montana Shoshone Indians The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 7
1805
Clark: A Cloudy & rainie Day the greater Part of the Day dark & Drisley

we proceedd on down the river thro a Vallie passed Several Small Runs & 3 creeks on the left The Vallie from 1 to 2 miles wide the Snow top mountains to our left, open hilley Countrey on the right.

Saw 2 horses left by the Indians Those horses were as wild a Elk.

One of our hunters Came up this morning without his horse, in the course of the night the horse broke loose & Cleared out—

we did not make Camp untill dark, for the want of a good place, one of our hunters did not join us this evening. he haveing killed an elk packed his horses & could not overtake us


Ordway: a cloudy cold morning.

one of our hunters Stayed out all last night. we set out eairly and proceeded on down the creek. our hunter who Stayed out last night over took us had lost his horse.

we passed over narrow plains larg pine and cotton timber along the creeks high mountains a little to the Lard. Side which is covred thick with Snow. one of our hunters killed two Deer. Some of the other hunters killed 1 goose 1 crain Several pheasants and a hawk.

we proceeded on crossed Several Small creeks and runs we had Several Showers of rain. this valley gitting wider. the plain Smooth & dry. we came 18 miles this day and Camped on the bank of the Creek.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Ravalli County, Montana Shoshone Indians The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 8
1805
Clark: a Cloudy morning Set out early and proceeded on through an open vallie for 23 miles passed 4 Creeks on
the right Some runs on the left, The bottoms as also the hills Stoney bad land. Some pine on the Creeks and mountains, an partial on the hills to the right hand Side.

two of our hunters came up with us at 12 oClock with an Elk, & Buck

— the wind from the N. W. & Cold. The foot of the Snow mountains approach the River on the left Side. Some Snow on The mountain to the right also proceeded on down the Vallie which is pore Stoney land and encamped on the right Side of the river a hard rain all the evening we are all Cold and wet. on this part of the river on the head of Clarks River

I observe great quantities of a peculiar Sort of Prickly peare grow in Clusters ovel & about the Size of a Pigions egge with Strong Thorns. Drewyer killed a Deer. I killed a prarie fowl we found 2 mears and a Colt the mears were lame, we ventered to let our late purchase of horses loose to night.


Ordway: cloudy and cold. we Set out eairly and proceeded on down this creek which is now verry large. passed over Smooth plain no timber except along the bank of the creeks. Saw Snow on the mount to our left. high barron hills to our right.

about 11 oClock we halted to dine at a branch our hunters joined us. had killed an Elk, and a Deer which they brought with them. the wind cold from the N. W. & Showers of rain, and a little hail. passed over Smooth plains in this valley.

the Mountains are rough on each side and are covred with pine and on the tops of which are covd. with Snow. our hunters found 2 Stray horses and a handsom colt, which they took along with them

we marched 20 odd miles this day and Camped on a Smooth bottom near the creek, where we had fine feed for our horses. our hunters joined us had killed one Deer.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Ravalli County, Montana The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 9
1805
Lewis: Set out at 7 A M. this morning and proceeded down the Flathead river leaving it on our left, the country in the valley of this river is generally a prarie and from five to 6 miles wide the growth is almost altogether pine principally of the longleafed kind, with some spruce and a kind of furr resembleing the scotch furr. near the wartercourses we find a small proportion of the narrow leafed cottonwood some redwood honeysuckle and rosebushes form the scant proportion of underbrush to be seen.

at 12 we halted on a small branch which falls in to the river on the E. side, where we breakfasted on a scant proportion of meat which we had reserved from the hunt of yesterday added to three geese which one of our hunters killed this morning. two of our hunters have arrived, one of them brought with him a redheaded woodpecker of the large kind common to the U States. this is the first of the kind I have seen since I left the Illinois. just as we were seting out Drewyer arrived with two deer.

we continued our rout down the valley about 4 miles and crossed the river; it is hear a handsome stream about 100 yards wide and affords a considerable quantity of very clear water, the banks are low and it's bed entirely gravel. the stream appears navigable, but from the circumstance of their being no sammon in it I believe that there must be a considerable fall in it below. our guide could not inform us where this river discharge itself into the columbia river he informed us that it continues it's course along the mountains to the N. as far as he knew it and that not very distant from where we then were it formed a junction with a stream nearly as large as itself which took it's rise in the mountains near the Missouri to the East of us and passed through an extensive valley generally open prarie which forms an excellent pass to the Missouri. the point of the Missouri where this Indian pass intersects it, is about 30 miles above the gates of the rocky mountain, or the place where the valley of the Missouri first widens into an extensive plain after entering the rockey mountains. the guide informed us that a man might pass to the missouri from hence by that rout in four days.

we continued our rout down the W. side of the river about 5 miles further and encamped on a large creek which falls in on the West as our guide informes that we should leave the river at this place and the weather appearing settled and fair I determined to halt the next day rest our horses and take some scelestial Observations. we called this Creek Travellers rest. it is about 20 yards wide a fine bould clear runing stream the land through which we passed is but indifferent a could white gravley soil. we estimate our journey of this day at 19 M.


Clark: a fair morning Set out early and proceeded on thro a plain as yesterday down the valley Crossed a large Scattering Creek on which Cotton trees grew at 1˝ miles, a Small one at 10 miles, both from the right, the main river at 15 miles & Encamped on a large Creek from the left which we call Travelers rest Creek. killed 4 Deer & 4 Ducks & 3 prarie fowls. day fair Wind N. W.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 11
1805
Clark: A fair morning wind from the N W we Set out at 3 oClock and proceeded on up the Travelers rest Creek, accompanied by the flat head or Tushapaws Indians

about 7 miles below this Creek a large fork comes in from the right and heads up against the waters of the Missouri below the Three forks, this river has extensive Vallies of open leavel land, "and passes in its Whole Course thro' a Valie" they call it [Chicarluisket?] our Guide tels us a fine large roade passes up this river to the Missouri

— The loss of 2 of our horses detained us util'. 3 oClock. P. M. our Flathead Indian being restless thought proper to leave us and proceed on alone,

Sent out the hunters to hunt in advance as usial. (we have Selected 4 of the best huners to go in advance to hunt for the party. This arrangement has been made long sinc)

we Proceeded on up the Creek on the right Side thro a narrow valie and good road for 7 miles and Encamped at Some old Indian Lodges nothing killed this evening hills on the right high & ruged, the mountains on the left high & Covered with Snow. The day Verry worm


Ordway: Wednesday 11th Sept. 1805. a clear pleasant morning. we went out to look up our horses. the Latidude at this place is 46° 48° 28s 8/10 North. we did not find all our horses untill afternoon. about 4 oClock P. M.

we Set out and proceeded on up this creek course nearly west. the narrow bottoms on this Creek is thinly covred with pitch pine passed a large tree on which the natives had a number of Immages drawn on it with paint. a part of a white bear skin hund on Sd. tree. we came about 7 miles this evening and Camped on a narrow plain near where had been a large Camp of Indians a Short time past. Saw one lodge made of Earth. the pine trees pealed for some distance around. the natives eat the enside bark.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail Native Americans The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 12
1805
Clark: a white frost Set out at 7 oClock & proceeded on up the Creek, passed a Fork on the right on which I saw near an old Indian encampment a Swet house Covered wthh earth,

at 2 miles assended a high hill & proceeded through a hilley and thickly timbered Countrey for 9 miles & on the Right of the Creek, passing Several branches from the right of fine clear water and Struck at a fork at which place the road forks, one passing up each fork.

The Timber is Short & long leaf Pine Spruce Pine & fur. The road through this hilley Countrey is verry bad passing over hills & thro' Steep hollows, over falling timber &c. &c.

continued on & passed Some most intolerable road on the Sides of the Steep Stoney mountains, which might be avoided by keeping up the Creek which is thickly covered with under groth & falling timber

Crossed a mountain 8 miles with out water & encamped on a hill Side on the Creek after Decending a long Steep mountain, Some of our Party did not git up untill 10 oClock P M. I mad camp at 8 on this roade & particularly on this Creek the Indians have pealed a number of Pine for the under bark which they eate at certain Season of the year, I am told in the Spring they make use of his bark

our hunters Killed only one Pheasant this after noon. Party and horses much fatigued.


Ordway: a fair morning. a white frost.

the hunters Set out eairly we loaded and Set out Soon after and proceeded on

Soon took the Mountains came up and down Several Steep places crossed Several Small creeks and we descended a bad Step part of the Mout. and came down on the creek again and halted to dine

our hunters had killed this day 4 Deer and a pheasant we dined and proceeded on

crossed 2 more creeks ascended up a mountain on a high ridge a verry bad trail rough and rockey. we found no water nor place to Camp untill 10 oClock at night. then descended a Steep part of the Mountain. came down on the creek which we left this morning or at noon and we had came 17˝ miles this day. and near Sd. creek where we could not find a level place to Sleep, and Scarcely any feed for our horses

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 13
1805
Clark: a cloud morning

Capt Lewis and one of our guides lost their horses, Capt Lewis & 4 men detained to hunt the horses, I proceeded on with the partey up the Creek

at 2 miles passed Several Springs which I observed the Deer Elk &c. had made roads to, and below one of the Indians had made a whole to bathe, I tasted this water and found it hot & not bad tasted in further examonation I found this water nearly boiling hot at the places it Spouted from the rocks (which a hard Corse Grit, and of great size the rocks on the Side of the Mountain of the Same texture[) I put my finger in the water, at first could not bare it in a Second—

as Several roads led from these Springs in different derections, my Guide took a wrong road and took us out of our rout 3 miles through intolerable rout, after falling into the right road I proceeded on thro tolerabl rout for abt. 4 or 5 miles and halted to let our horses graze as well as waite for Capt Lewis who has not yet Come up,

The pine Countrey falling timber &c. &c. Continue. This Creek is verry much damed up with the beaver, but we can See none,

dispatched two men back to hunt Capt Lewis horse, after he came up, and we proceeded over a mountain to the head of the Creek which we left to our left and at 6 miles from the place I nooned it, we fell on a Small Creek from the left which Passed through open glades Some of which ˝ a mile wide, [3] we proceeded down this Creek about 2 miles to where the mountains Closed on either Side crossing the Creek Several tmes & Encamped.


Gass: A cloudy morning. Capt Lewis's horse could not be found; but some of the men were left to hunt for him and we proceeded on.

When we had gone 2 miles, we came to a most beautiful warm spring, the water of which is considerably above blood-heat; and I could not bear my hand in it without uneasiness. There are so many paths leading to and from this spring, that our guide took a wrong one for a mile or two, and we had bad travelling across till we got into the road again. At noon we halted.

Game is scarce; and our hunters killed nothing since yesterday morning; though 4 of the best were constantly out, and every one of them furnished with a good horse. While we remained here, Capt Lewis and the men, who had been left with him, came up; but had not found the horse.

At 2 o'clock we proceeded on again over a mountain, and in our way found a Deer, which our hunters had killed and hung up. In a short time we met with them, and Capt Lewis sent two back to look for the horse. We passed over a dividing ridge to the waters of another creek, and after travelling 12 miles we encamped on the creek, up which there are some prairies or plains.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 14
1805
Clark: a Cloudy day in the Valies it rained and hailed, on the top of the mountains Some Snow fell

we Set out early and Crossed a high mount on the right of the Creek for 6 miles to the forks of the Glade Creek the right hand fork which falls in is about the Size of the other, we Crossed to the left Side at the foks, and Crossd a verry high Steep mountain for 9 miles to a large fork from the left which appears to head in the Snow toped mountains Southerley and S. E.

we Crossd Glade Creek above its mouth, at a place the Tushepaws or Flat head Indians have made 2 wears across to Catch Sammon and have but latterly left the place I could see no Signs of fish, and the grass entirely eaten out by the horses,

we proceeded on 2 miles & Encamped opposit a Small Island at the mouth of a branch on the right side of the river which is at this place 80 yads wide, Swift and Stoney, here we wer compelled to kill a Colt for our men & Selves to eat for the want of meat & we named the South fork Colt killed Creek, and this river we Call Flathead River—

The Mountains which we passed to day much worst than yesterday the last excessively bad & Thickly Strowed with falling timber & Pine Spruc fur Hackmatak & Tamerack, Steep & Stoney our men and horses much fatigued, The rain


Gass: We set out early in a cloudy morning; passed over a large mountain, crossed Stony creek, about 30 yards wide, and then went over another large mountain, on which I saw service-berry bushes hanging full of fruit; but not yet ripe, owing to the coldness of the climate on these mountains: I also saw a number of other shrubs, which bear fruit, but for which I know no names. There are black elder and bore-tree, [14] pitch and spruce pine all growing together on these mountains.

Being here unable to find a place to halt at, where our horses could feed, we went on to the junction of Stony creek, with another large creek, which a short distance down becomes a considerable river, and encamped for the night, as it rained and was disagreeable traveling.

The two hunters, that had gone back here joined us with Capt. Lewis's horse, but none of the hunters killed any thing except 2 or 3 pheasants; on which, without a miracle it was impossible to feed 30 hungry men and upwards, besides some Indians. So Capt. Lewis gave out some portable soup, which he had along, to be used in cases of necessity. Some of the men did not relish this soup, and agreed to kill a Colt; which they immediately did, and set about roasting it; and which appeared to me to be good eating. This day we travelled 17 miles.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 15
1805
Clark: We set out early. the morning Cloudy and proceeded on Down the right Side of River over Steep points rockey & buschey as usial for 4 miles to an old Indian fishing place, here the road leaves the river to the left and assends a mountain winding in every direction to get up the Steep assents & to pass the emence quantity of falling timber which had falling from dift. causes i e. fire & wind and has deprived the Greater part of the Southerly Sides of this mountain of its gren timber,

4 miles up the mountain I found a Spring and halted for the rear to come up and to let our horses rest & feed, about 2 hours the rear of the party came up much fatigued & horses more So, Several horses Sliped and roled down Steep hills which hurt them verry much The one which Carried my desk & Small trunk Turned over & roled down a
mountain for 40 yards & lodged against a tree, broke the Desk the horse escaped and appeared but little hurt Some others verry much hurt,

from this point I observed a range of high mountains Covered with Snow from S E. to S W with Their top bald or
void of timber. after two hours delay we proceeded on up the mountain Steep & ruged as usial, more timber near the top, when we arrived at the top As we Conceved we could find no water and Concluded to Camp and make use of
the Snow we found on the top to cook the remnt. of our colt & make our Supe,

evening verry Cold and Cloudy. Two of our horses gave out, pore and too much hurt to proceed on and left in the rear— nothing killed to day except 2 Phests.

From this mountain I could observe high ruged mountains in every direction as far as I could See. with the greatest exertion we Could only make 12 miles up the mountain and encamped on the top of the mountain near a Bank of old Snow about 3 feet deep lying on the Northern Side of the mountain and in Small banks on the top & leavel parts of the mountain, we melted the Snow to drink, and Cook our horse flesh to eat.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 16
1805
Clark: began to Snow about 3 hours before Day and Continud. all day the Snow in The morning 4 Inches deep on The old Snow, and by night we found it from 6 to 8 Inches deep

I walked in front to keep the road and found great dificuelty in keeping it as in maney places the Snow had entirely filled up the track, and obliged me to hunt Several minits for the track at 12 oClock we halted on the top of the mountain to worm & dry our Selves a little as well as to let our horses rest and graze a little on Some long grass which I observed, on The South

Steep hills Side & falling timber Continue to day, and a thickly timbered Countrey of 8 different kinds of pine, which are So covered with Snow, that in passing thro them we are continually covered with Snow, I have been wet and as cold in every part as I ever was in my life, indeed I was at one time fearfull my feet would freeze in the thin mockersons which I wore,

after a Short delay in the middle of the Day, I took one man and proceeded on as fast as I could about 6 miles to a Small branch passing to the right, halted and built fires for the party agains their arrival which was at Dusk verry cold and much fatigued we Encamped at this Branch in a thickly timbered bottom which was Scercely large enough for us to lie leavil, men all wet cold and hungary. Killed a Second Colt which we all Suped hartily on and thought it fine meat.

I saw 4 Black tail Deer to day before we Set out which came up the mountain and what is Singular Snaped 7 tims at a large buck. it is Singular as my gun has a Steel frisen and never Snaped 7 times before in examining her found the flint loose

to describe the road of this day would be a repitition of yesterday excpt the Snow which made it much wors to proseed as we had in maney places to derect our Selves by the appearance of the rubbings of the Packs against the trees which have limbs quiet low and bending downwards


Whitehouse: when we awoke this morning to our great Surprise we were covred with Snow which had fallen about 2 Inches the latter part of last night, and continues a verry cold Snow Storm.

Capt. Clark Shot at a deer but did not kill it.

we mended up our mockasons. Some of the men without Socks raped rags on their feet, and loaded up our horses and Set out without any thing to eat, and proceeded on.

could hardly See the old trail for the Snow. kept on the ridge of the mountain Several high knobs to pass over but had more down hill than up.

about one oClock finding no water we halted and melted Snow and made a little more Soup, and let our horses graze 1 hour & a half. then proceeded on

the Snow is fell So fast that it is now in common 5 or 6 Inches deep. Some places is considerable of old Snow on the moutn.

towards evening we descended the mountain down in a lonesome cove on a creek where we Camped in a thicket of Spruce pine & bolsom fir timber. all being tired & hungry, obledged us to kill another Colt and eat the half of it this evening. it has quit Snowing this evening, but continues chilley and cold. Came about 15 miles to day over a rockey rough road. Some places bare on the top high places of rocks &c.

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail Snow The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 17
1805
Clark: Cloudy morning our horses much Scattered which detained us untill one oClock P. M. at which time we Set out the falling Snow & Snow from the trees which kept us wet all the after noon passed over Several high ruged Knobs and Several dreans & Springs passing to the right, & passing on the ridge devideing the waters of two Small rivers. road excessively bad Snow on the Knobs, no Snow in the vallies Killed a fiew Pheasents which was not Sufficient for our Supper which compelled us to kill Something. a coalt being the most useless part of our Stock he fell a Prey to our appetites. The after part of the day fare, we made only 10 miles to day two horses fell & hurt themselves very much. we Encamped on the top of a high Knob of the mountain at a run passing to the left. we proceed on as yesterday, & with dificulty found the road


Whitehouse: We had a cold Cloudy morning, the Men were sent out to hunt our horses, they found them, but they were much scattered, The Mare whose colt we had kill'd Yesterday, went back to where we halted Yesterday, to refresh ourselves, (or eat portable Soup) and took 4 of our horses with her, the other of our horses were found scattered on the Mountain & the whole of them were not found 'till 12 oClock A. M. We then set out, and proceeded on our Journey, the Snow laying heavy on the trees. We passed along a rough path, which was up & down the Mountain; & descended a steep part of the same, In the afternoon the weather cleared away, & then it became clear & warm, the Snow melted fast, & the water stood in the trail over our Moccasins, & in some places it was very Slippy, the travelling was very bad for ourselves & horses, We ascended some very high mountains, & very rockey paths & many bare places on the Mountains & high Rocks Standing upright on them.—

These mountains were chiefly covered with Spruce pine, & balsam fir timber. In the course of this day we crossed several Creek & Spring runs, lying in the hollows of the Mountains. We came about 16 Miles this day, & encamped at a small branch on a Mountain; near a Round deep Sink hole which was full of water. The party being all exceeding hungry we were obliged to kill a sucking Colt to subsist on. One of our hunters went out hunting. He chased a bear in a Mountain; but did not get a chance to kill it. The Wolves howled very much in the Night, & we saw some signs of deer, so that we expect that their is game to be had a head of where we are encamped.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Lolo Trail Snow The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

September 18
1805
Lewis: Cap Clark set out this morning to go a head with six hunters. there being no game in these mountains we concluded it would be better for one of us to take the hunters and hurry on to the leavel country a head and there hunt and provide some provision while the other remained with and brought on the party the latter of these was my part; accordingly I directed the horses to be gotten up early being determined to force my march as much as the abilities of our horses would permit. the negligence of one of the party Willard who had a spare horse not attending to him and bringing him up last evening was the cause of our detention this morning untill ˝ after 8 A M when we set out. I sent Willard back to serch for his horse, and proceeded on with the party at four in the evening he overtook us without the horse, we marched 18 miles this day and encamped on the side of a steep mountain; we suffered for water this day passing one rivulet only; we wer fortunate in finding water in a steep raviene about ˝ maile from our camp. this morning we finished the remainder of our last coult. we dined & suped on a skant proportion of portable soupe, a few canesters of which, a little bears oil and about 20 lbs. of candles form our stock of provision, the only resources being our guns & packhorses. the first is but a poor dependance in our present situation where there is nothing upon earth exept ourselves and a few small pheasants, small grey Squirrels, and a blue bird of the vulter kind about the size of a turtle dove or jay bird. our rout lay along the ridge of a high mountain course S. 20 W. 18 m. used the snow for cooking.—


Clark: The want of provisions together with the dificuely of passing those emence mountains dampened the Spirits of the party which induced us to resort to Some plan of reviving ther Sperits. I deturmined to take a party of the hunters and proceed on in advance to Some leavel Country, where there was game kill Some meat & Send it back, &ca fair morning cold I proceded on in advance with Six hunters and let it be understood that my object was to try and find deer or Something to kill we passed over a countrey Similar to the one of yesterday more falling timber passed Several runs & Springs passing to the right from the top of a high part of the mountain at 20 miles I had a view of an emence Plain and leavel Countrey to the S W. & West at a great distance a high mountain in advance beyond the Plain, Saw but little no Sign of deer and nothing else, much falling timber, made 32 miles and Encamped on a bold running Creek passing to the left which I call Hungery Creek as at that place we had nothing to eate. I halted only one hour to day to let our horses feed on Grass and rest

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September 19
1805
Lewis: Set out this morning a little after sun rise and continued our rout about the same course of yesterday or S. 20 W. for 6 miles when the ridge terminated and we to our inexpressable joy discovered a large tract of Prairie country lying to the S. W. and widening as it appeared to extend to the W. through that plain the Indian informed us that the Columbia river, in which we were in surch run. this plain appeared to be about 60 Miles distant, but our guide assured us that we should reach it's borders tomorrow

the appearance of this country, our only hope for subsistance greately revived the sperits of the party already reduced and much weakened for the want of food.

the country is thickly covered with a very heavy growth of pine of which I have ennumerated 8 distinct species.

after leaving the ridge we asscended and decended several steep mountains in the distance of 6 miles further when we struck a Creek about 15 yards wide. our course being S. 35 W. we continued our rout 6 miles along the side of this creek upwards passing 2 of it's branches which flowed in from the N. 1st at the place we struck the creek and the other 3 miles further.

the road was excessively dangerous along this creek being a narow rockey path generally on the side of steep precipice, from which in many places if ether man or horse were precipitated they would inevitably be dashed in pieces.

Fraziers horse fell from this road in the evening, and roled with his load near a hundred yards into the Creek. we all expected that the horse was killed but to our astonishment when the load was taken off him he arose to his feet & appeared to be but little injured, in 20 minutes he proceeded with his load. this was the most wonderfull escape I ever witnessed, the hill down which he roled was almost perpendicular and broken by large irregular and broken rocks.

the course of this Creek upwards due W. we encamped on the Stard. side of it in a little raviene, having traveled 18 miles over a very bad road. we took a small quantity of portable soup, and retired to rest much fatiegued. several of the men are unwell of the disentary. brakings out, or irruptions of the Skin, have also been common with us for some time.


Clark: Set out early proceeded on up the Creek passing through a Small glade at 6 miles at which place we found a horse. I derected him killed and hung up for the party after takeing a brackfast off for our Selves which we thought fine

after Brackfast proceed on up the Creek two miles & left it to our right passed over a mountain, and the heads of branch of hungary Creek, two high mountains, ridges and through much falling timber (which caused our road of to day to be double the derect distance on the Course

Struck a large Creek passing to our left which I Kept down for 4 miles and left it to our left & passed down the mountain bad falling timber to a Small Creek passing to our left and Encamped. I killed 2 Pheasents, but fiew birds Blue jay, Small white headed hawk, Some Crows & ravins & large hawks. road bad. as we decend the mountain the heat becomes more proseptable every mile

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September 20
1805
Lewis: we were detained this morning untill ten oclock in consequence of not being enabled to collect our horses. we had proceeded about 2 miles when we found the greater part of a horse which Capt Clark had met with and killed for us. he informed me by note that he should proceed as fast as possible to the leavel country which lay to the S. W. of us, which we discovered from the hights of the mountains on the 19th there he intended to hunt untill our arrival.

at one oclock we halted and made a hearty meal on our horse beef much to the comfort of our hungry stomachs. here I larnt that one of the Packhorses with his load was missing and immediately dispatched Baptiest Lapage who had charge of him, to surch for him. he returned at 3 OC. without the horse. The load of the horse was of considerable value consisting of merchandize and all my stock of winter cloathing. I therefore dispatched two of my best woodsmen in surch of him, and proceeded with the party.

Our rout lay through a thick forrest of large pine the general course being S. 25 W. and distance about 15 miles. our road was much obstructed by fallen timber particularly in the evening we encamped on a ridge where ther was but little grass for our horses, and at a distance from water. however we obtained as much as served our culinary purposes and suped on our beef.

the soil as you leave the hights of the mountains becomes gradually more fertile. the land through which we passed this evening is of an excellent quality tho very broken, it is a dary grey soil. a grey free stone appearing in large masses above the earth in many places.


Clark: I Set out early and proceeded on through a Countrey as ruged as usial passed over a low mountain into the forks of a large Creek which I kept down 2 miles and assended a Steep mountain leaveing the Creek to our left hand passed the head of Several dreans on a divideing ridge, and at 12 miles decended the mountain to a leavel pine Countrey proceeded on through a butifull Countrey for three miles to a Small Plain in which I found maney Indian lodges,

at the distance of 1 mile from the lodges I met 3 boys, when they Saw me ran and hid themselves iin the grass I dismounted gave my gun & horse to one of the men, searched in the grass and found 2 of the boys gave them Small pieces of ribin & Sent them forward to the village Soon after a man Came out to meet me with great Caution & Conducted us to a lage Spacious Lodge which he told me by Signs was the Lodge of his great Chief who had Set out 3 days previous with all the Warriers of the nation to war on a South West derection & would return in 15 or 18 days.

the fiew men that were left in the Village aged, great numbers of women geathered around me with much apparent Signs of fear, and apr. pleased they gave us a Small piece of Buffalow meat, Some dried Salmon beries & roots in different States, Some round and much like an onion which they call quamash the Bread or Cake is called Passhe-co Sweet, of this they make bread & Supe they also gave us the bread made of this root all of which we eate hartily,

I gave them a fiew Small articles as preasents, and proceeded on with a Chief to this Village 2 miles in the Same Plain, where we were treated kindly in their way and continued with them all night

Those two Villages consist of about 30 double lodges, but fiew men a number of women & children; They call themselves Cho pun-nish or Pierced Noses their dialect appears verry different from the flat heads Tushapaws altho origneally the Same people They are darker than the flat heads Tushapaws I have seen.

Their dress Similar, with more beads white & blue principally, brass & Copper in different forms, Shells and ware their haire in the Same way. they are large Portley men Small women & handsom featured

Emence quantity of the quawmash or Pas-shi-co root gathered & in piles about the plains, those roots grow much an onion in marshey places the seed are in triangular Shell on the Stalk. they Sweat them in the following manner i. e. dig a large hole 3 feet deep Cover the bottom with Split wood on the top of which they lay Small Stones of about 3 or 4 Inches thick, a Second layer of Splited wood & Set the whole on fire which heats the Stones, after the fire is extinguished they lay grass & mud mixed on the Stones, on that dry grass which Supports the Pâsh-Shi-co root a thin Coat of the Same grass is laid on the top, a Small fire is kept when necessary in the Center of the kile &c.

I find myself verry unwell all the evening from eateing the fish & roots too freely. Sent out the hunters they killed nothing Saw Some Signs of deer.

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September 21
1805
Lewis: We were detained this morning untill 11 OCk. in consequence of not being able to collect our horses. we then set out and proceeded along the ridge on which we had encamped, leaving which at 1˝ we passed a large creek runing to the left just above it's junction with another which run parrallel with and on the left of our road before we struck the creek;

through the level wide and heavy timbered bottom of this creek we proceeded about 2˝ miles when bearing to the right we passed a broken country heavily timbered great quantities of which had fallen and so obstructed our road that it was almost impracticable to proceed in many places. though these hills we proceeded about 5 Ms. when we passed a small creek on which Capt Clark encamped on the 19th

passing this creek we continued our rout 5 Ms thro' a similar country when we struck a large creek at the forks, passed the Northen branch and continued down it on the West side 1 mile and encamped in a small open bottom where there was tolerable food for our horses. I directed the horses to be hubbled to prevent delay in the morning being determined to make a forced march tomorrow in order to reach if possible the open country.

we killed a few Pheasants, and I killd a prarie wolf which together with the ballance of our horse beef and some crawfish which we obtained in the creek enabled us to make one more hearty meal, not knowing where the next was to be found.

I saw several sticks today large enough to form eligant perogues of at least 45 feet in length.— I find myself growing weak for the want of food and most of the men complain of a similar deficiency and have fallen off very much. the general course of this day S 30 W 15 M.—


Clark: A fine morning Sent out all the hunters in different directions to hunt deer, I myself delayd with the Chief to prevent Suspission and to Collect by Signs as much information as possible about the river and Countrey in advance.

The Cheif drew me a kind of chart of the river, and informed me that a greater Cheif than himself was fishing at the river half a days march from his village called the twisted hare, and that the river forked a little below his Camp and at a long distance below & below 2 large forks one from the left & the other from the right

[The first is probably the Snake River, the second the Columbia]

the river passed thro'gh the mountains at which place was a great fall of the water passing through the rocks, to those falls white people lived from whome they preceured the white Beeds & Brass &c. which the womin wore;

a Chief of another band visit me to day and Smoked a pipe, I gave my handkerchief & a Silver Cord with a little Tobacco to those Chiefs,

The hunters all return without any thing, I purchased as much Provisions as I could with what fiew things I chaned to have in my Pockets, Such a Salmon Bread roots & berries, & Sent one man R. Fields with an Indian to meet Capt. Lewis, and at 4 oClock P M. Set out to the river,

met a man at dark on his way from the river to the village, whome I hired and gave the neck handkerchief of one of the men, to polit me to the Camp of the twisted hare, we did not arrive at the Camp of the Twisted hare but oppost, untill half past 11 oClock P M. found at this Camp five Squars & 3 Children.

my guide called to the Chief who was Encamped with 2 others on a Small island in the river, he Soon joind me, I found him a Chearfull man with apparant Siencerity, I gave him a medal &c. and Smoked untill 1 oClock a. m. and went to Sleep. The Countrey from the mountains to the river hills is a leavel rich butifull Pine Countrey badly watered, thinly timbered & covered with grass

—The weather verry worm after decending into the low Countrey,— the river hills are verry high & Steep, Small bottoms to this little river which is Flat head & is 160 yards wide and Sholey This river is the one we killed the first Coalt on

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September 22
1805
Lewis: Notwithstanding my positive directions to hubble the horses last evening one of the men neglected to comply. he plead ignorance of the order. this neglect however detained us untill ˝ after eleven OCk at which time we renewed our march, our course being about west.

we had proceeded about two and a half miles when we met Reubin Fields one of oure hunters, whom Capt Clark had dispatched to meet us with some dryed fish and roots that he had procured from a band of Indians, whose lodges were about eight miles in advance.

I ordered the party to halt for the purpose of taking some refreshment. I divided the fish roots and buries, and was happy to find a sufficiency to satisfy compleatly all our appetites. Fields also killed a crow

after refreshing ourselves we proceeded to the village due West 7˝ Miles where we arrived at 5 OCk. in the afternoon our rout was through lands heavily timbered, the larger wood entirely pine. the country except the last 3 miles was broken and decending the pleasure I now felt in having tryumphed over the rocky Mountains and decending once more to a level and fertile country where there was every rational hope of finding a comfortable subsistence for myself and party can be more readily conceived than expressed, nor was the flattering prospect of the final success of the expedition less pleasuing.

on our approach to the village which consisted of eighteen lodges most of the women fled to the neighbouring woods on horseback with their children, a circumstance I did not expect as Capt Clark had previously been with them and informed them of our pacific intentions towards them and also the time at which we should most probably arrive. the men seemed but little concerned, and several of them came to meet us at a short distance from their lodges unarmed.


Clark: a verry worm day the hunters Shild killed 3 Deer this morning. I left them on the Island and Set out with the Chief & his Son on a young horse for the Village at which place I expected to meet Capt Lewis this young horse in fright threw himself & me 3 times on the Side of a Steep hill & hurt my hip much,

Cought a Coalt which we found on the roade & I rode it for Several miles untill we saw the Chiefs horses, he cought one & we arrived at his Village at Sunet, & himself and myself walked up to the 2d Village where I found Capt Lewis & the party Encamped,

much fatigued, & hungery, much rejoiced to find something to eate of which They appeared to partake plentifully. I cautioned them of the Consequences of eateing too much &c.

The planes appeared covered with Spectators viewing the White men and the articles which we had, our party weacke and much reduced in flesh as well as Strength, The horse I left hung up they receved at a time they were in great want, and the Supply I Sent by R. Fields proved timely and gave great encouragement to the party with Captn Lewis.

he lost 3 horses one of which belonged to our guide.

Those Indians Stole out of R. F. Shot pouch his knife wipers Compas & Steel, which we Could not precure from them, we attempted to have Some talk with those people but Could not for the want of an Interpreter thro' which we Could Speake, we were Compelled to converse alltogether by Signs

— I got the Twisted hare to draw the river from his Camp down which he did with great cherfullness on a white Elk Skin, from the 1s fork which is a few seven miles below, to the lage fork

[Probably the Snake River]

on which the So So ne or Snake Indians fish, is South 2 Sleeps; to a large river

[The Columbia River]

which falls in on the N W. Side and into which The Clarks river empties itself is 5 Sleeps from the mouth of that river to the falls is 5 Sleeps

[Celilo Falls]

at the falls he places Establishments of white people &c. and informs that great numbers of Indians reside on all those foks as well as the main river; one other Indian gave me a like account of the Countrey, Some few drops of rain this evening. I precured maps of the Country & river with the Situation of Indians, To come from Several men of note Seperately which varied verey little.—

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September 23
1805
Clark: We assembled the principal Men as well as the Chiefs and by Signs informed them where we came from where bound our wish to inculcate peace and good understanding between all the red people &c. which appeared to Satisfy them much, we then gave 2 other Medals to other Chefs of bands, a flag to the twisted hare, left a flag & Handkerchief to the grand Chief gave, a Shirt to the Twisted hare & a knife & Handkerchif with a Small pece of Tobacco to each.

Finding that those people gave no provisions to day we deturmined to purchase with our Small articles of merchindize, accord we purchased all we could, Such as roots dried, in bread, & in ther raw State, Berris of red Haws & Fish and in the evening Set out and proceeded on to the 2d Village 2 miles dist. where we also purchased a few articles all amounting to as much as our weak horses Could Carry to the river

Capt. Lewis & 2 men verry Sick this evening, my hip verry Painfull,

the men trade a few old tin Canisters for dressed Elk Skin to make themselves Shirts,

at dark a hard wind from The S W accompaned with rain which lasted half an hour. The twisted hare envited Capt. Lewis & myself to his lodge which was nothin more than Pine bushes & bark, and gave us Some broiled dried Salmon to eate,

great numbers about us all night at this village the women were busily employed in gathering and drying the Pas-she co root of which they had great quantites dug in piles


Ordway: a fair morning. we purchased considerable of sammon and commass roots from the natives. these Savages are now laying up food for the winter and in the Spring they are going over on the medicine River and Missourie River to hunt the buffalow.

Some of them have fine copper kittles and different kinds of trinkets hanging about them. also they are fond of any kind of marchandize, but the blue beeds they want mostly. our officers gave the chiefs of this nation a flag a meddle and Some other Small articles their is another village about 2 miles further down the plain they gave the chief of that village a flag and meddle also.

these natives have a great many horses and live well. are well dressed in Elk deer and Mountain Sheep Skins. well dressed they have but a fiew buffalow Robes. the most of them have leather lodges and are now makeing flag lodges &C.

we got up our horses towards evening all except one which we could not find. we loaded up left one man to look for his horse and proceed. on down to the other village and Camped. had a Thunder Shower this evening. we bought Some more Sammon and Commass, Some dressed Elk Skins &C. from these villages who live like other.

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September 24
1805
Clark: a fine morning collected our horses despatched J. Colter back to hunt the horses lost in the mountains & bring up Some Shot left behind, and at 10 oClock we all Set out for the river and proceeded on by the Same rout I had previously traveled, and at Sunset We arrived at the Island on which I found the Twisted hare and formed a Camp on a large Island a littl below, Capt Lewis Scercely able to ride on a jentle horse which was furnishd by the Chief, Several men So unwell that they were Compelled to lie on the Side of the road for Some time others obliged to be put on horses. [2] I gave rushes Pills to the Sick this evening. Several Indians follow us


Ordway: a clear morning. we went to look for our horses but found them much Scatered and mixed among the Indian horses which were numerous. Saw a number of Squaws digging commass roots in the plain the Soil verry rich and lays delightful for cultivation about 8 oClock A M. we loaded our horses Several men Sick. one man Sent back to look for 2 horses which was lost on the road. we Set out and proceeded on the day warm we had a good road mostly plain but no water. Some Scattering pine timber. towards evening we came down on a fork of Columbia River and followed it down Some distance then went on a small prarie Island and Camped. our hunters joined us had got 4 deer and two Sammon which they killed. Several of the natives followed us and Camped near

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September 25
1805
Clark: a verry hot day most of the Party Complaining and 2 of our hunters left here on the 22nd verry Sick they had killed only two Bucks in my absence. I Set out early with the Chief and 2 young men to hunt Some trees Calculated to build Canoes, as we had previously deturmined to proceed on by water, I was furnished with a horse and we proceeded on down the river Crossed a Creek at 1 mile from the right verry rockey which I call rock dam Creek & Passed down on the N side of the river to a fork from the North which is about the Same Size and affords about the Same quantity of water with the other forks we halted about an hour, one of the young men took his guig and killed 6 fine Salmon two of them were roasted and we eate, two Canoes Came up loaded with the furnitur & provisions of 2 families, those Canoes are long Stedy and without much rake I crossed the South fork and proceeded up on the South Side, the most of the way thro' a narrow Pine bottom in which I Saw fine timber for Canoes one of the Indian Canoes with 2 men with Poles Set out from the forks at the Same time I did and arrived at our Camp on the Island within 15 minits of the Same time I did, not withstanding 3 rapids which they had to draw the Canoe thro' in the distance, when I arrived at Camp found Capt Lewis verry Sick, Several men also verry Sick, I gave Some Salts & Tarter emetic, we deturmined to go to where the best timbr was and there form a Camp


Ordway: a fair morning. three men went out a hunting. Capt. Clark went with an old chief down the River to look for timber which would answer for canoes. the Natives have Several Small canoes at this place. this River is about 60 yards wide Some clifts of rocks along its Shores. the natives have a fishery little above our Camp. they caught Several fine Sammon this day. towards evening Capt. Clark returned and informed us that he had been 4 or 5 miles down to a fork of the River which came in on the east Side he Saw Some pitch pine timber which he thought would answer for canoes near this forks on the opposite shore in the evening the man who Stayed at the village joined us had got his horse by hireing Indians to git him

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September 26
1805
Clark: Set out early and proceeded on down the river to a bottom opposit the forks of the river on the South Side and formed a Camp.

[The "Canoe Camp," at which they remained until October 7, 1805, is about five miles west of Orofino, in Clearwater County, Idaho, on the south bank of the Clearwater and opposite the mouth fo the North Fork Clearwater (Lewis and Clark's Chopunnish River). It is one of the major sites in the Nez Perce National Historical Park.]

Soon after our arrival a raft Came down the N. fork on which was two men, they came too, I had the axes distributed and handled and men apportioned ready to commence building canoes on tomorrow, our axes are Small & badly Calculated to build Canoes of the large Pine,

Capt Lewis Still very unwell, Several men taken Sick on the way down, I administered Salts Pils Galip, Tarter emetic &c. I feel unwell this evening,

[Jalap, the powdered root of a Mexican plant, Exogonium jalapa, used as a purgative to evacuate the bowels; the other medicines served a similar purpose.]

two Chiefs & their families follow us and encamp near us, they have great numbers of horses.

This day proved verry hot, we purchase fresh Salmon of the Indians.

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September 27
1805
Clark: all the men able to work comened building 5 Canoes, Several taken Sick at work, our hunters returned Sick without meet. J. Colter returned he found only one of the lost horses, on his way killed a deer, half of which he gave the Indians the other proved nourishing to the Sick

The day verry hot, we purchase fresh Salmon of them Several Indians Come up the river from a Camp Some distance below Capt Lewis very Sick nearly all the men Sick.

our Shoshonee Indian Guide employed himself makeing flint points for his arrows


Gass: A fine warm morning. All the men, who were able were employed in making canoes.

About 10 o'clock the man came in who had gone to look for the horses, he had found one of them and killed a deer. I feel much relieved from my indisposition.

In the evening the greater part of the war party came in, and some of the principal men came down to our camp. We could not understand what they had done, as we could only converse by signs. Medals were given by the Commanding Officers to 3 or 4 of them as leading men of their nation; and they remained about our camp.

The river below the fork is about 200 yards wide; the water is clear as crystal, from 2 to 5 feet deep, and abounding with salmon of an excellent quality. The bottom of the river is stony and the banks chiefly composed of a round hard species of stone.

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September 28
1805
Clark: Our men nearly all Complaining of ther bowels, a heaviness at the Stomach & Lax, Some of those taken first getting better, a number of Indians about us gazeing &c. &c.

This day proved verry worm and Sultery, nothing killed men complaining of their diat of fish & roots. all that is able working at the Canoes,

Several Indians leave us to day, the raft continue on down the river, one old man informed us that he had been to the White peoples fort at the falls & got white beeds &c his Story was not beleved as he Could explain nothing.—

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September 29
1805
Clark: a Cool morning wind from the S. W. men Sick as usial, all The men that are able to at work, at the Canoes Drewyer killed 2 Deer Colter killed 1 Deer, the after part of this day worm Cap Lewis very Sick, and most of the men complaning very much of ther bowels & Stomach


Gass: A fine day; all our hunters went out, and all the men able to work, were employed at the Canoes. At noon two of our hunters came in with 3 Deer; a very welcome sight to the most of us.

Five or six of the men continue unwell.


Whitehouse: A pleasant Morning, all our Men that were able to work, were employed at making the Canoes, Two of our hunters were sent out hunting, About noon the hunters returned to our Camp, with 3 Deer which they had killed. The Natives also brought to us, a number of Salmon, which we purchased of them for some trifling Articles.—

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September 30
1805
Clark: a fine fair morning the men recruping a little, all at work which are able. Great number of Small Ducks pass down the river this morning. maney Indians passing up and down the river.


Whitehouse: This morning we had pleasant weather, The hunters that went out hunting the 28th instant had not as yet returned, and the Men that were sick belonging to our party are recovering their healths. The party employed at making the Canoes, are so weak & feeble that— they do but little work in the course of the day.— Towards evening the hunters returned, & brought in with them a Deer, & a Pheasant that they had killed.—

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This guide last edited 12/17/2005
This guide last revised 11/26/2007
This guide created 08/25/2005