THIS MONTH IN HISTORY
prepared by
The Curatorial Staff
at
The Old State Capitol


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OCTOBER 1

Louisiana History

1800- Louisiana is ceded back to France by Spain by the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The Treaty, signed by Napoleon and Charles IV of Spain, provided for the recession of Louisiana to France in exchange for Napoleon's promise to secure a kingdom in Italy for Charles' son-in-law, the Duke of Parma.

1893 - A hurricane devastated the area along the coast from the Mississippi Sound to Last Island. Twenty-five hundred people were believed killed.

American History

1888 - National Geographic magazine is published for the first time.

1908 - Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825).

OCTOBER 2

Louisiana History

1864 - Noted Baton Rouge Mayor Leon Jastremski is born.

1965 - State Senator Edwin W. Edwards wins the Democratic runoff primary to fill the 7th District Congressional seat left vacant by Representative Thompson's death.

American History

1871 - Brigham Young, Mormon leader, is arrested for bigamy.

World History

1187 - Saladin captures Jerusalem from the Crusaders.

1990 - Allies cede any remaining rights as occupiers of Germany.

OCTOBER 3

Louisiana History

1906 - The Louisiana College in Pineville is founded.

1964 - 18 people were killed and 115 injured in Larose by a tornado spun from Hurricane Hilda. 12 people were killed elsewhere in the state and the sugar crop was severely damaged.

American History

1974 - The Watergate trial begins.

World History

1932 - Iraq gains independence from Britain and joins the League of Nations.

1990 - East Germany and West Germany unify.

OCTOBER 4

Louisiana History

1864 - New Orleans Tribune, the first black daily newspaper, forms.

1958 - Beleaguered Democratic National Committeeman Camille Gravelle says that the state central committee cannot remove him.

World History

1949 - The United Nations permanent New York City headquarters is dedicated.

1993 - Troops of President Yeltsin occupy the Russian White House.

OCTOBER 5

Louisiana History

1824- Thomas B. Robertson (Governor 1820-1824) dies in White Sulfur Springs, Virginia.

American History

1947 - The first presidential address is televised (Harry Truman).

1970 - PBS becomes a network.

World History

1962 - The Beatles release their first record, "Love Me Do."

1993 - The last honor guard leaves Lenin's Mausoleum.

OCTOBER 6

Louisiana History

1829 - Governor Derbigny suffered a fatal accident when his horses ran away and he was thrown from his carriage.

American History

1781 - The Americans and French attack Cornwallis at Yorktown, the last battle of the American Revolution.

1889 - Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.

World History

1923 - The USSR adopts an experimental calendar.

1939 - Adolf Hitler denies that he intends on going to war with Britain and France.

OCTOBER 7

Louisiana History

1816 - The first double-decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans.

1958 - Governor Long predicts that Gravelle will be ousted saying that Gravelle seeks to be "the leader of the colored in Louisiana." Long endorses John Kennedy for Vice President in 1960.

World History

1714 - People riot because of a beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands.

1763 - King George III issues the Proclamation of 1763 which closes off land in North America, north and west of the Alleghenies, to white settlement.

OCTOBER 8

American History

1633 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government.

1840 - The first Hawaiian constitution is proclaimed.

1896 - The Dow Jones begins reporting an average of selected industrial stocks.

World History

1818 - Two English boxers are the first to use padded gloves.

1862 - Otto von Bismark becomes German republic Chancellor.

OCTOBER 9

Louisiana History

1958 - The lead story in the edition of the Morning Advocate is that Pope Pius XII dies and that special masses are planned in Baton Rouge.

1958 - The Democratic Central Committee names Jeff Talbot to replace Camille Gravelle. Although Gravelle gets support from Delesseps Morrison, he is opposed by Long, Perez and Rainach.

World History

1000 - Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland," possibly New England.

1966 - John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at a London art gallery.

OCTOBER 10

Louisiana History

1958 - The Public Service Commission denies a request by Southern Bell for a $8, 191, 666 rate increase. Southern Bell says that it will appeal to the State Supreme Court.

American History

1886 - The first dinner jacket (tuxedo) is worn to an autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, New York.

1978 - Congress approves the Susan B. Anthony dollar.

World History

1868 - Cuba revolts for independence against Spain.

OCTOBER 11

Louisiana History

1926 - Henry L. Fuqua (Governor 1924-1926) dies in Baton Rouge.

1958 - State Civil Service Commission denies pay increases for state workers, citing state's bleak financial climate.

American History

1865 - President Johnson pardons Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens.

World History

1521 - Pope Leo X names King Henry VIII of England as "Defender of the Faith."

1689 - Peter the Great becomes Tsar of Russia.

OCTOBER 12

Louisiana History

1943 - State Guard troops raid home of Leander Perez's nephew, Frank Giardano, in search of weapons and ammunition. Governor Sam Jones had ousted the pro-Perez sheriff three days before. Troops had a difficult time crossing the Mississippi River on the ferry, and Perez denies that he ordered the ferry stopped.

American History

1692 - Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials.

1792 - Columbus Day is first celebrated.

World History

1285 - 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich, Germany, so they are set on fire.

OCTOBER 13

American History

1792 - Washington lays the cornerstone for the executive mansion (White House).

World History

1710 - English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia).

1884 - Greenwich is established as the universal time meridian for longitude.

1943 - Italy declares war on its former Axis partner, Germany.

1960 - Nikita Krushchev bangs his shoe on the table in the United Nations.

OCTOBER 14

Louisiana History

1876 - Joseph Rummel (clergyman and prelate) is born in Steinmauern, Baden, Germany.

American History

1834 - Henry Blair becomes the first black American to gain a patent with his corn planter.

World History

1066 - William the Conqueror takes England during the Battle of Hastings.

1933 - Nazi Germany announces that it is leaving the League of Nations.

OCTOBER 15

Louisiana History

1953 - Celebrations were held at New Orleans to mark the sesquicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase. The French ambassador and many other dignitaries attended the festival. It lasted until October 17, 1953, when President Eisenhower visited the city. Cecil B. DeMille narrated the event.

American History

1860 - 11 year old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln and asks him to grow a beard.

World History

1582 - Many Catholic countries switch to the Gregorian Calendar and lose 10 days.

1815 - Napoleon is exiled to St. Helena.

OCTOBER 16

Louisiana History

1730 - Antoine de Lamothe, Sieur de Cadillac (French Colonial Governor 1713-1716) dies in Castelsarrasin, France.

1802 - Intendant Morales again closes New Orleans to American commerce, but the Spanish king restored the right. However, it was too late to stem the rising American demand for control of the mouth of the Mississippi River.

1881 - Louis Wiltz (Governor 1880-1881) dies in New Orleans.

1952 - The Samuel H. Kress Foundation donated a valuable collection of Renaissance art to the New Orleans Museum of Art in New Orleans.

1972 - Representative Hale Boggs' plane is reported missing over Alaska.

OCTOBER 17

Louisiana History

1958 - Mack Hornbeak, president of City National Bank, is named new head of Baton Rouge Chamber of Commerce.

American History

1781 - Cornwallis is defeated at Yorktown.

1931 - Al Capone is convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison.

World History

1483 - Tomas de Tourquemada is named inquisitor-general of Spain.

OCTOBER 18

Louisiana History

1743 - An ordinance is passed under Vaudreuil forcing planters to build their levees before the following January on pain of confiscation of their lands; the first serious work on the levee begins.

1861 - Dorothy Dix (newspaper columnist) is born in Montgomery County, Tennessee.

1976 - James A. Noe (Governor 1936) dies in Houston, Texas.

World History

1867 - The U.S. takes possession of Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million.

OCTOBER 19

Louisiana History

1948- East Baton Rouge Registrar of Voters J.R. Smith predicts 30,000 voters will register. He notes there will be no absentee voting except for military personnel .

American History

1781- Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown; Revolutionary War ends.

1879- Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light.

1951- President Truman formally ends state of war with Germany.

1960- Martin Luther King, Jr. is arrested in an Atlanta sit-in.

1960- The U.S. imposes an embargo on exports to Cuba.

World History

1492- Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas).

1926- The Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and followers.

1944- U.S. forces land in Philippines.

OCTOBER 20

Louisiana History

1960- Governor Earl Long says that he cannot agree with the stronger Civil Rights plank planned for the Democratic platform.

1976- The Luling-Destrehan ferry, the Prince George, collides with the Norwegian tanker, Frosta, killing 78 people.

American History

1820- Spain sells part of Florida to the U.S. for $5 million.

1944- U.S. forces under Gen. MacArthur returns to the Philippines.

1947- HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influences in Hollywood.

World History

1935- Mao Tse Tung's forces end their "Long March."

1963- South Africa begins a trial of conspiracy on Nelson Mandela.

1973- The OPEC oil embargo begins.

OCTOBER 21

Louisiana History

1861- Henry Shreve (pioneer, inventor, businessman, patriot and riverboat captain) is born in Mount Pleasant, New Jersey.

1992- Jim Garrison (Louisiana District Attorney) dies at 70.

American History

1797- The U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, "Old Ironside," is launched.

1831- Nat Turner and 19 associates are hanged.

1960- JFK and Nixon clash in their 4th and final presidential debate.

World History

1492- Columbus "discovers" America.

1520- Ferdinand Magellen arrives at Tierra Del Fuego (Pacific Ocean).

1805- Adm. Nelson defeat the French & Spanish fleet and dies at the Battle of Trafalgar.

OCTOBER 22

Louisiana History

1843- Louis A. Wiltz (Confederate Army Officer, Mayor of New Orleans, Speaker of the House, Lieutenant Governor and Governor 1880-1881) is born in New Orleans.

1971 - Dudley Leblanc (entrepreneur, politician) dies.

American History

1836- Sam Houston is inaugurated as the 1st elected president of the Republic of Texas.

1907- the Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys the Barnum & Bailey circus.

1962- JFK imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the Cuban Missile Crisis.

World History

1973- UN Resolution 338- cease fire to the Yom Kippur War.

1978- Pope John Paul II is installed.

OCTOBER 23

Louisiana History

1876- The New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office.

American History

1755- The Continental Congress approves a resolution barring blacks from the army.

1973- Nixon agrees to turn over the White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica.

1991- Clarence Thomas is sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.

World History

4004 B.C.- The Cosmos is created according to Archbishop James Usher.

1954- The U.S., England, France & the USSR agree to end the occupation of Germany.

1989- Hungary proclaims itself a republic and declares communist rule ended.

OCTOBER 24

Louisiana History

1723- Alexander O' Reilly (Spanish Army Officer and Colonial Governor 1769-1770) is born in Beltrasna, Ireland.

1827- Henry S. Thibodaux (State Legislator and Governor 1824) dies.

American History

1861- West Virginia secedes from Virginia.

1882- Dr. Robert Koch discovers the germ that causes tuberculosis.

1972- Jackie Robinson, 1st black baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers), dies at 53.

World History

1648- The Treaty of Westphalia ends the 30 Years War and destroys the Holy Roman Empire.

1939- The Nazis require Jews to wear the star of David.

1956- Soviet troops invade Hungary; Imre Nagy becomes PM.

OCTOBER 25

Louisiana History

1769- Five leaders of the 1763 Revolution against Spanish Colonial Governor Ulloa were executed in New Orleans.

American History

1903- The Senate begins investigating the Teapot Dome scandals of the Harding Administration.

1939- Nylon stockings go on sale in the U.S. for the 1st time.

1940- Benjamin O. Davis becomes the 1st black general in the U.S. Army.

World History

1415- The Battle of Agincourt; the English longbow men defeat the French knights.

1917- The Bolsheviks led by Lenin seize power in Russia.

1946- The 1st trial against Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg.

OCTOBER 26

Louisiana History

1868- White terrorists kill several blacks in St. Bernard Parish.

1912- Mahalia Jackson (gospel singer) is born in New Orleans.

American History

1774- The Minute Men organize in the colonies.

1787- The Federalist Papers are published, calling for a ratification of the Constitution.

1881- Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and Virgil and Morgan Earp fought the Clantons and McLaurys in the "Gunfight at the O. K. Corral."

World History

1905- The union of Sweden and Norway ends.

1950- Mother Teresa founds her Mission of Charity in Calcutta, India.

1994- Jordan and Israel sign a peace accord.

OCTOBER 27

Louisiana History

1810- President Madison declares West Florida part of Orleans Territory.

American History

1858- Theodore Roosevelt (26th President) is born in New York City.

1954- President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam president Ngo Dinh Diem.

World History

1492- Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain.

1971- The Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes The Republic of Zaire.

1978- Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat jointly win The Nobel Peace Prize.

OCTOBER 28

Louisiana History

1768- A petition from Creole leaders was presented to the Superior Council at New Orleans, enumerating grievances against Spanish Governor Ulloa and demanding his departure.

1793- A grand alliance was concluded between the Spanish in LA and the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creeks, and Alibamons, aimed at the defense of Spanish territory from American pressure.

American History

1636- Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) is founded.

1886- The Statue of Liberty is dedicated by President Cleveland.

World History

1922- Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government.

1965- Pope Paul VI proclaims the Jews are not collectively guilty for the crucifixion.

OCTOBER 29

Louisiana History

1768- Louisiana was the first colony in North America to revolt against a foreign power (Spain). Nicholas LaFreniere's speech in the Superior Council gave a rationale for the revolt and expulsion of Ulloa, the Spanish governor. With the departure of Ulloa, Louisiana becomes in effect an independent nation.

American History

1682- William Penn lands at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania.

1929- "Black Tuesday;" the stock market crashes triggering "The Great Depression."

World History

1923- Turkey declares independence (successor to Ottoman Empire).

1947- Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands form the Benelux Union.

1964- The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

OCTOBER 30

Louisiana History

1868- John Menard of Louisiana is 1st black elected to Congress

1958- Teachers meet with Governor Long to discuss school money problems.

American History

1866- Jesse James' gang robs a bank in Lexington, MI ($2000).

1938- Orson Welles panics the nation with a radio broadcast of "War of the Worlds."

1954- The DOD announces the elimination of all segregated regiments.

World History

1543- The English Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII the head of the Church of England.

1888- Jack the Ripper murders his last victim in London.

OCTOBER 31

Louisiana History

1803- Thomas Jefferson signs the Louisiana Purchase bill.

American History

1918- The Spanish flu virus kills 21,000 in U.S. in one week.

1941- Mount Rushmore is completed.

1959- Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow that he will never return to the U.S..

World History

1517- Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on Wittenberg church, beginning the Protestant Reformation.

1956- Britain and France begin bombing Egypt to reopen the Suez Canal.

1992- The Roman Catholic Church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years.


SOURCES:

"Daily Almanac" by Michael J. Maggio
The Louisiana Governors ed. Joseph G. Dawson III
A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography ed. Glenn R. Conrad
Louisiana Almanac: 1997-98 Edition