THIS MONTH IN HISTORY
prepared by
The Curatorial Staff
at
The Old State Capitol


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SEPTEMBER 1

American History

1752 - The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.

1807 - Aaron Burr is acquitted of charges that he is trying to set up an empire.

1901 - Construction begins on the New York Stock Exchange.

World History

1661 - The world's first yacht race- England's King Charles vs. his brother James.

1666 - The Great London Fire begins at Pudding Lane- 80% of London is destroyed.

1914 - St. Petersburg, Russia, changes its name to Petrograd.

SEPTEMBER 2

American History

1789 - The Department of the Treasury is created by Congress.

1901 - Vice President Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly and carry a big stick."

1919 - The Communist Party of America forms in Chicago.

World History

1898 - The machine gun is first used in battle.

1944 - Holocaust diarist Anne Frank is sent to Auschwitz.

1991 - The United States formally recognizes Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

SEPTEMBER 3

Louisiana History

1963 - Baton Rouge schools are integrated.

American History

1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed ending the American Revolutionary War.

World History

1658 - Richard Cromwell succeeds his father Oliver Cromwell as England's Lord Protector.

1752 - This day or the next ten officially never happened in U.S. and England as both countries abandoned the Julian Calendar for the Gregorian.

SEPTEMBER 4

Louisiana History

1736- Francisco Bouligny (Spanish Colonial Governor 1799) is born in Alicante, Spain.

1864 - Henry S. Johnson (Governor 1824-1828) dies in Pointe Coupee Parish.

American History

1862 - General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops.

1886 - Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending the last major US-Indian War.

World History

1682 - English astronomer Edmund Haley sees his namesake comet.

SEPTEMBER 5

Louisiana History

1957 - The Harvey Canal Tunnel is opened.

1958 - Louisiana State University in New Orleans opened its doors for the first time with an enrollment of 1500 freshmen students.

1960 - Former governor Earl Kemp Long died and was buried in a family plot given to the Long family at Earl K. Long Memorial State Park in Winnfield, LA. Rumor his it that Long was buried in his "beloved pea patch" in Winn Parish. The "pea patch" is Uncle Earl's farm, which is next to the state park. However, at best, Long is buried next to his "beloved pea patch", not in it.

American History

1774 - The First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia.

1836 - Sam Houston is elected president of The Republic of Texas.

World History

1793 - "The Reign of Terror" begins during the French Revolution.

SEPTEMBER 6

Louisiana History

1783 - Arnaud Julie Beauvais (Governor 1829-1830) is born in Point Coupee Parish..

1893 - General Claire Chennault (military aviator) is born in Commerce, Texas. He became air advisor to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek of China and organized the famous Flying Tiger squadron composed of volunteer American pilots who fought with China against Japan in 1941.

American History

1901 - President William McKinley is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgolsz.

World History

1965 - India invades West Pakistan.

1976 - Russian pilot Belenko defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet.

SEPTEMBER 7

Louisiana History

1963 - Leander Perez passes a law which prohibits bars from selling alcohol to military personnel.

1963 - Wade Martin announces he will run as an independent for Secretary of State.

American History

1813 - "Uncle Sam" is first used to refer to U.S. by Troy Post of New York.

World History

3114 BC - The presumed date of the Mayan "long count" calendar system begins.

1901 - The Peace of Peking ends the Boxer Rebellion in China.

SEPTEMBER 8

Louisiana History

1770 - Louis Billouart, Chevalier de Kerlerec (French Colonial Governor 1753-1763) dies in Brittany, France.

1935 - Huey Long was shot, allegedly by Carl Weiss, at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge.

American History

1565 - The first permanent settlement in the U.S. is formed at St. Augustine, Florida.

World History

1943 - General Eisenhower announces the unconditional surrender of Italy in W.W.II.

1945 - Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of the war, attempts suicide rather than face a war crimes trial. The attempt fails, and he is later hanged.

SEPTEMBER 9

Louisiana History

1965 - Hurricane Betsy hits Louisiana and causes 60 deaths in the state..

1785 - St. Remi arrives in New Orleans with Acadian exiles.

American History

1776 - The Continental Congress renames the "United Colonies" the "United States."

1942 - Japanese planes drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.

1957 - President Eisenhower signs the first civil rights bill since Reconstruction.

World History

1965 - Tibet becomes an autonomous region of China.

SEPTEMBER 10

Louisiana History

1935 - Huey Long (Governor 1928-1932) dies in Baton Rouge.

American History

1979 - Three Puerto Rican nationalists who tried to kill Truman are freed.

1990 - Ellis Island is reopened as a museum.

1990 - George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Helsinki.

World History

1823 - Simon Bolivar is named president of Peru.

1919 - The Treaty of St. Germain is signed, ending Austria's incorporation with Germany.

1923 - The Irish Free State joins the League of Nations.

SEPTEMBER 11

Louisiana History

1740 - Hurricanes almost wiped out the French establishments at Biloxi and Mobile and cause near famine conditions in the entire colony because of the damage to crops.

1899 - Jimmie Davis (Governor 1944-1948, 1960-1964) is born near Beech Springs, Louisiana.

American History

1773 - Benjamin Franklin writes, "There was never a good war or bad peace."

1789 - Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first Secretary of the Treasury.

1857 - The Mountain Meadows Massacres occurs, 120 colonists are killed by Native Americans in Utah.

World History

1922 - The British mandate of Palestine begins.

1952 - West German Chancellor Adenauer signs a reparations pact with the Jews.

SEPTEMBER 12

Louisiana History

1937 - Ruffin G. Pleasant (Governor 1916-1920) dies in Shreveport, Louisiana.

American History

1953 - Senator John Kennedy marries Jacqueline Bouvier.

1958 - The Supreme Court orders Little Rock, Arkansas, High School to integrate.

World History

1907 - The Lusitania arrives in New York City after a five day voyage across the Atlantic (record).

1938 - Hitler calls for the self-determination of the Sudetenland Germans in Czechoslovakia.

1950 - The Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants.

SEPTEMBER 13

Louisiana History

1925 - The first US university for African-Americans, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans.

American History

1663 - The first serious slave revolt begins in Virginia.

1788 - New York City becomes the first capital of the US.

1971 - Eleven guards and thirty-one prisoners die in revolt at Attica State Prison.

World History

1971 - Nikita Krushchev is buried in Moscow.

SEPTEMBER 14

Louisiana History

1712 - Antoine Crozat was granted exclusive trading rights in Louisiana by the French government.

1783 - Henry S. Johnson (Governor 1824-1828) is born in Virginia.

1846 - Jacques Dupre (Governor 1830-1831) dies and is buried in St. Landry Roman Catholic Cemetery in Opelousas.

1874 - The "Battle of Liberty Place" occurred when the White League defeated the New Orleans Metropolitan Police.

American History

1814 - Francis Scott Key is inspired to write "The Star Spangled Banner."

World History

1950 - Western Allies re-arm West Germany.

SEPTEMBER 15

Louisiana History

1978 - Ali-Spinks championship fight is held in the Superdome.

American History

1683 - Germantown, PA, is founded by 13 immigrant families.

1981 - The Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor

World History

1812 - French troops under Napoleon reach the Kremlin in Moscow.

1917 - Russia is declared a Republic by Alexander Kerensky.

1935 - The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of their citizenship and makes the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.

SEPTEMBER 16

Louisiana History

1963 - Ellen Bryan Moore announces she will run again for Registrar of State Land Office.

1971 - Hurricane Edith caused widespread devastation.

American History

1919 - The American Legion is incorporated by an act of Congress.

1991- The US trial of Panamanian leader Noriega begins.

World History

1662 - Flamsteed sees a solar eclipse, the first known astronomical observance.

1848 - Slavery is abolished in all French territories.

SEPTEMBER 17

Louisiana History

1967 - The New Orleans Saints' first NFL game; they lose to Los Angeles Rams 27-13.

American History

1944 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels to US.

1947 - The US Department of Defense is formed.

World History

1683 - Antonie Leeuwenhoek reports the existence of bacteria

1900 - The Commonwealth of Australia is proclaimed.

1939 - The Soviet Union invades Poland during WWII.

1960 - Cuba nationalizes all US banks.

SEPTEMBER 18

Louisiana History

1827 - James "Jim" Bowie (frontiersman and folk hero) is wounded in Sand Bar Duel near Natchez, Mississippi. According to legend, while recovering he had the Bowie Knife designed with which he fought nineteen duels.

American History

1793 - President Washington lays the cornerstone for the Capitol Building.

1850 - Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Laws as part of the Missouri Compromise of 1850.

World History

1810 - Chile declares independence from Spain.

1914 - General von Hindenburg is named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front.

SEPTEMBER 19

Louisiana History

1890 - President Harrison signs legislation effectively killing the lottery in Louisiana.

1982 - The N.O. Saint's first road shut-out victory game, defeating the Chicago Cubs 10-0.

American History

1873 - Black Friday begins; Jay Cooke & Co. fails, causing securities panic.

1959 - Nikita Krushchev is denied access to Disneyland.

World History

1984 - China and Great Britain complete a proposed agreement to return Hong Kong by 1987.

THIS DAY IN HISTORY

SEPTEMBER 20

Louisiana History

1837 - The Picayune is founded by Francis Lunday and George Wilkins.

American History

1664 - Maryland passes the first anti-amalgamation law, forbidding the intermarriage of English women and black men.

1797 - The US frigate (Old Ironside) is launched in Boston.

World History

1519 - Ferdinand Magellan begins the first successful circumnavigation of the world.

1932 - Gandhi begins a hunger strike against the treatment of the untouchables.

SEPTEMBER 21

Louisiana History

1776 - Bernardo de Galvez attacks Baton Rouge.

1901 - First oil well in Louisiana is drilled near Jennings

1645 - Louis Joliet (explorer) is born in Beaupre, Quebec.

American History

1981 - Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first female Supreme Court Justice.

World History

1348 - Jews in Zurich, Switzerland, are accused of poisoning wells.

1953 - Allied Forces form West Germany.

SEPTEMBER 22

Louisiana History

1868 - Race riots break out in New Orleans.

American History

1692 - The last people (8) accused of witchcraft are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts.

1973 - Henry Kissinger is sworn in as America's first Jewish Secretary of State.

World History

1949 - The USSR detonates its first atomic bomb.

1980 - Iraqi troops take part of Iran in a border dispute; war begins.

THIS DAY IN HISTORY

SEPTEMBER 23

American History

1806 - Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis from the Pacific Northwest.

1986 - Congress accepts the rose as the US national flower.

1977 - The third test of the prototype space shuttle Enterprise begins.

World History

1561 - Spanish King Philip II forbids French settlement in Florida.

1719 - Liechtenstein declares its independence from the German Empire.

1942 - Auschwitz concentration camp begins experimental gassing executions.

SEPTEMBER 24

Louisiana History

1810 - The residents of West Florida declared their independence from Spain, seized Baton Rouge from the Spanish officials, and set themselves up as the West Florida Republic. The Territory was almost immediately taken over by the US on grounds that it had been a part of the original Louisiana Purchase.

1963 - Lt. Governor Taddy Aycock rips his trousers on national television prior to Goldwater's speech in New Orleans.

1963 - Leander Perez pushes for limitations on rights of black sin State Capitol cafeteria.

1963 - New Orleans Mayor Victor Schiro refuses to meet Civil Rights leaders in New Orleans.

American History

1789 - Congress creates the Post Office.

World History

1683 - French King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French territories in the Americas.

SEPTEMBER 25

American History

1775 - American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen is captured.

1780 - Benedict Arnold joins British cause during the American Revolution.

1919 - President Woodrow Wilson is paralyzed by a stroke.

World History

1639 - The first American printing press begins.

1939 - Germany officially signs a treaty ending WWI.

1990 - Saddam Hussein warns the United States that it will repeat their Vietnam experience.

SEPTEMBER 26

Louisiana History

1810 - Convention held in Baton Rouge to declare Independence for West Florida.

American History

1789 - Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first Secretary of State and John Jay as first Chief Justice.

1955 - The New York Stock Exchange experiences its worst price decline since 1929.

World History

1580 - Francis Drake with Spanish treasure returns to England.

1815 -Russia, Prussia and Austria sign the Holy Alliance.

1950 - UN forces recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul.

SEPTEMBER 27

Louisiana History

1902 - New Orleans streetcar employees struck for an eight-hour day and a 25 cent per hour minimum wage. Although public sympathy was largely with the he strikers, they were unsuccessful. The strike lasted until October 10, 1902.

1876 - General Braxton Bragg (soldier and planter) dies in Galveston, Texas.

American History

1916 - The first Native American Day is celebrated.

World History

1540 - Pope Paul III recognizes the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) after its founding by Ignatius Loyola.

1821 - The Mexican Empire declares its independence.

SEPTEMBER 28

Louisiana History

1964 - The Sunshine Bridge opens and will be dedicated later in ceremonies attended by Governor McKeithen and former Governor Jimmie Davis.

1973 - Orleans Parish District Attonrey Jim Garrison was acquitted in the New Orleans pinball Bribery Case.

American History

1704 - Divorce is allowed in Maryland if the women mis pleases the clergyman.

World History

1528 - Spanish fleet sinks during a Florida Hurricane; 380 Spaniards die.

1785 - Napoleon Bonaparte graduates from the military academy in Paris.

SEPTEMBER 29

Louisiana History

1838 - Henry Hobson Richardson, a noted American architect, was born in St. James Parish. He built the famous Trinity Church in Boston and the Howard Library in New Orleans.

1915 - One of the worst hurricanes and floods in the state's history caused several deaths, many injuries and millions of dollars of property damage in New Orleans.

1915- Highest winds ever recorded in Louisiana occurs at Burrwood in 1915.

1965 - Most Reverend Phillip M Hannan named archbishop of New Orleans.

American History

1920 - Babe Ruth sets the then season home run record of 54.

World History

1066 - William the Conqueror invades England.

SEPTEMBER 30

Louisiana History

1931 - Henry Clay Warmoth (Governor 1868-1872) dies in New Orleans.

1964 - Governor McKeithen begins senatorial redistricting which will reshape Louisiana political landscape.

American History

1777 - Congress retreats to York, PA, fleeing from the British advance.

World History

1659 - According to Defoe, Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked.

1888 - Jack the Ripper butchers two more women.


SOURCES:

"Daily Almanac" by Michael J. Maggio
The Louisiana Governors ed. Joseph G. Dawson III
A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography ed. Glenn R. Conrad
Louisiana Almanac: 1997-98 Edition