August 25, 1804 It was a cloudy morning today. Capt. Lewis and myself went to go see the Mound. They dropped down to the mouth of the White Stone Creek at about 8 a.m. They ascended to the top of the rising ground of about 60 feet, from the top of this high land the country is level and an open plain. The Indians call this the Mountain of Little People or Spirits. At around 12 p.m. we arrived at the top of the hill. By now the day was very hot and we stopped at the White Stone Creek to cool off. After cooling off we refreshed ourselves with grapes, plumbs, and blue currents. After this we got back on the trail and onto the surrounding plains. The wind began to pick up and forced insects of many kinds to be driven to us. This then caused small birds to arrive where they fed on the insects. From the top of the mound you could see herds of buffaloes feeding on the plains. The soil of the plains were very fertile. The boat proceeded on down the river without us. During this time, I killed an elk and Fields brought in five deer. We set the plains on fire to catch the attention of the Sioux Indians. Later that evening in began to rain. August 26, 1804 Today we prepared the deer meat and made the elk skins into a toe rope. We sent out Drewyer and Shannon to look for the horses which we lost. Sergt. Gass was put in charge of the late Sergt. Floyd's mess and discharge others of such duties. August 27,1804 Today the morning star was much larger than before. We sent Shields and Fields to go hunt for Shannon and the horses. There was a gentle breeze out and we passed the White Clay Marl. A large of the stone seemed to made up of lime with a trace of cobalt in it. It resembled slate but was much softer than slate. Three Indians informed us that there was a camp of Sioux near the mouth of the Jacque river. We sent Mr. Dorion, the Sioux interpreter, to invited the chiefs to the Sioux nation to our council. The third Indian that stayed with us was of the Mohair nation and told us that the Mohair were going to make peace with the Pawnee tribe. This evening was pleasant and cool and the river was slowly sinking lower. August 28, 1804 One of our boats ran a snag and almost sank. Because of this I had to unload the boat and put the supplies on another boat. I began to observe more timber in the valleys. Shields and Fields joined us again, but they could not find Shannon and the horses. We then sent a hunter to go look for Shannon and the horses. This afternoon the wind really began to pick up. August 29, 1804 Last night and this morning it rained hard. We sent Colter in pursuit of the Shannon and the horses. I had some men make a toe rope and I started writing a speech. Dorion and the five chiefs and about 70 Indians arrived on the opposite side of the river at around 4p.m. We sent Sergt. Pryor and young Mr. Dorion to the side where the Indians were with tobacco and corn and to inform the Indians that we would speak to them tomorrow. Segt. Pryor informed me that they were treated very well and were presented with a fat dog to eat for their respect of the party. August 30,1804 This morning the fog was very thick. We were preparing some medals for the Chiefs and finished my speech. At 12 p.m. we met with the Indians and Capt. Lewis delivered the speech to them. After the speech we smoked the peace pipe with them and retired back to our camp. August 31, 1804 Today I rose early and instructed Mr. Dorion to bring about peace with the Sioux,, Mohair, Pawnee, Ponckaries, Otiose, and the Missouri Indian tribes. In the late evening we gave Mr. Dorion a bottle of whiskey and he and the other Indians crossed the river and camped on the other side. It rained tonight and the wind was very violent. The river is now rising. Sept. 1, 1804 Today we set out with a small gentle breeze. Mr. Dorion left his kettle and had to sent back for it. We passed by the whitish to yellowish chalk along the sides of the river walls. The sides of the river are about 170 feet high and the high lands approach the river from each side. It was cloudy all day and it began to rain. We saw a beaver house today but we could not find the opening. Drewyer killed an elk and a beaver after night and a number of catfish were caught. Sept. 2,1804 Today we got an early start and passed the island and landed under the yellowish Clay Bluff. The wind was very hard and it got cold and rainy. Fields and Howard killed four elk and we skinned the elk. As it cleared up it was cold and the high lands were uneven and leveled back. I noticed a few small streams traveling into the river above. I surveyed the ancient works on the walls and am told that these works are all along the country. Sept. 3,1804 A very cold morning at sun rise. This part of the creek is small and gradually widens with sand bars. We came to the edge of the plain and camped for the night. We saw signs of both Shannon and Colter. Here the grapes are many. Sept. 4, 1804 We set out early today and the wind was very cold. We proceeded into a bend called the White Lime. Miles up passed the White Paint river and between those we passed under a bluff of Red Cedar. At the mouth of the river we came to a river which was four feet deep. The current here is very rapid and our canoes don't work well in the river. It forms into the Missouri and I am told that it is gentler. Sept. 5, 1804 Today I saw some wild goats or antelope on the hill above us. One of the hunters brought back a snake. It was four feet long and had small black spots on its back. Although it was not poisonous, it did hiss very loud. Sept. 6,1804 This morning there was a storm which lasted only a few minutes. The wind was very cold today and we ended up camping at the upper point of some timber. I saw several goats and buffaloes on the hills. Sept. 7, 1804 This morning was very cold. We set out at day light and a the foot on this hill we discovered an animal called the Prairie Dog. These type of animals burrow into the ground and the one had a rattle snake in its mouth. We caught one and killed one. We dug six feet deep into the ground to try and find their lodges. The ground was hard clay. In some of their holes we poured five gallons of water trying to wash them out but only one of them came out of its hole. The mouth resembled that of a rabbit with legs shorter and toe nails. The fur was soft and their eyes resembled that of a dog. Sept. 8, 1804 Today we set out early and had a gentle breeze to us. I tried to find some more of the prairie dogs and goats. We traveled over a ridge and a mountain country. This prevented me getting back to the boat in time to see Capt. Lewis kill a buffalo. On the way I saw white wolves and buffalo. Sept. 9, 1804 Capt. Lewis went out to fill the buffalo today. I directed my servant York to kill a buffalo near the boat. Today I saw many buffalo grazing on the plains. Sept. 10, 1804 It was a cloudy morning and we again set out in a gentle breeze. We passed two small islands. Today three buffalo, one elk and deer were killed today and the river is starting to fall.
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