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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 J.D. Salinger (New York City-born Novelist, Author of Young-Adult Books) J.D. Salinger Young-Adult Authors
1925 Barbara Williams (Utah-born Children's Author) Utah Authors Primary Authors Young-Adult Authors Elmhurst College
1943 Jean Ure (English Children's Author) English Authors Primary Authors Young-Adult Authors Official Web Site The Word Pool
1944 Marilyn Hirsh (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors Primary Authors Judaism University of Southern Mississippi Jewish Virtual Library
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1879 E. M. Forster (English Novelist) E.M. Forster
1897 Catherine Bowen (Pennsylvania-born Author, Biographer) Pennsylvania Authors
1906 Benedict Vilakazi (Poet, Writer; First Black South African to Receive a Doctorate in Literature) South African Authors Poetry South African History
1933 Joe Orton (English Playwright, Actor) English Authors Plays Actors
Artists, Architects and Designers
1864 Alfred Stieglitz (New Jersey-born Photographer) New Jersey Artists & Photographers Photography
1922 Jerry Robinson (New Jersey-born Comic Book Artist) Jerry Robinson Comics and Cartoons
1937 Lou Stovall (Georgia-born African-American Printmaker) Georgia Artists American Artists African-American Artists African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1845 James George Frazer (Scottish Anthropologist) Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Archaeology, Anthropology
1879 Ernest Jones (Welsh Psychoanalyst) Welsh Scientists & Mathematicians Psychology
1914 Muriel M. Petioni (Trinidad-American Physician) Trinidad  Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Professionals African-American Scientists & Mathematicians African American Registry
1941 Martin Evans (English-American Molecular Biologist; 2007 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Martin Evans Medical Research DNA 2007 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1879 William Fox (Hungarian-American Founder of Fox Movie Studios Hollywood) Hungarian Business Leaders Film Fox Entertainment Internet Movie Database
Military Leaders
1745 "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Pennsylvania-born American Revolutionary General) Anthony Wayne American Revolution
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1915 John Henrik Clarke (Alabama-born African-American Educator) Alabama Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1449 Lorenzo de' Medici (Italian Statesman, Merchant) Lorenzo de' Medici
1752 Betsy Ross (Pennsylvania-born Seamstress) Betsy Ross American Flag
1797 Robert Crittenden (Kentucky-born First Secretary and Acting Governor of the Arkansas Territory) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Arkansas History Commission
1883 William J. Donovan (Buffalo Attorney Who Directed the OSS; Precursor to the CIA) New York Political and Social Leaders The CIA World War II
1895 J. Edgar Hoover (Washington, D.C.-born Director of the FBI) Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders The FBI New York Times
1909 Barry Goldwater (U.S. Senator from Arizona; 1964 Republican Candidate for President) Barry Goldwater U.S. Senate Politics
The Notorious
1912 Kim Philby (British-born Double Agent for the Soviet Union) Notorious British Soviet Union Cold War
Performing Artists
1900 Xavier Cugat (Spanish Violinist, Bandleader) Spanish Performing Artists Folk and Ethnic Musicians Hispanic Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1909 Dana Andrews (Mississippi-born Actor) Mississippi Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1923 Milt Jackson (Detroit-born African-American Jazz Vibraphonist) Detroit Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1966 Michael Imperioli (New York-born Actor, Writer, Producer) New York Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1515 Louis XII, King of France French Political and Social Leaders Chambers Book of Days
1856 John Macpherson Berrien (New Jersey-born Namesake of Berrien County, Georgia) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Berrien County, Georgia U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1963 Hank Williams (Alabama-born Country Musician, Member of the Country Music Hall of Fame) Hank Williams Country Musicians Amercian Composers Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
2009 Claiborne Pell (New York City-born U.S. Sentator from Rhode Island; Namesake of the Pell Education Grant) Claiborne Pell Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Educators of Note
Helen Suzman (South African Anti-Apartheid Activist) Helen Suzman Apartheid Civil Rights/Human Rights
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of that Occurred on this Date, B.C.
45 B.C. New Year's Day is Celebrated on January 1 for the First Time Using the Julian Calendar New Year's Day Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1622 The Catholic Church Adopts January 1 as the Beginning of the New Year (Instead of March 25) Catholicism Religion New Years Historic UK
1651 Charles II Is Crowned King by the Scots Scotland British Monarchy Chambers Book of Days
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1724 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 190" Is Performed As Bach's First Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1725 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 41" Is Performed As Bach's Second Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1726 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 16" Is Performed As Bach's Third Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1729 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 171" Is Performed As Bach's Fourth Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1735 Part 4 of J.S. Bach's 6-part "Christmas Oratorio," S. 248, Is Performed in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1751 New Law Makes Slavery Legal in Georgia Georgia Government Colonial Georgia Slavery Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1776 Four British Warships Fire on Norfolk, Virginia with British soldiers Burning Warehouses and Waterfront Buildings Norfolk, Virginia American Revolution Naval Military History Virginia Historical Society
1781 1,500 Soldiers Kill Three Officers and Abandon the Continental Army's Winter Camp at Morristown, New Jersey Morristown, New Jersey American Revolution Death History Channel
1797 Albany Replaces New York City as the Capital of New York State Albany, New York New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 Ireland Joins Into a Union with England and Scotland to Form the United Kingdom Ireland Scotland England Chambers Book of Days Greenwich Guide
Italian Astronomer Joseph Piazzi Discovers Ceres, the First Planetoid/Minor Planet Italian Scientists and Mathematicians Astronomy Solar System Historic Firsts Rutgers University Chambers Book of Days
Members of the U.S. Marine Band Perform the First Official Music at the Unfinished Executive Mansion (the "White House") The White House President John Adams Music Historic Firsts New Years U.S. Marine Band American Public Media
1805 Jean-Jacques Dessalines Proclaims the Independence of Saint-Domingue, Renaming it Haiti Haiti History Channel African American Registry
1827 Hanover College Opens Its Doors in Southeastern Indiana Indiana Education Education Hanover College Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1831 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison Publishes the First Issue of His Anti-Slavery Newspaper the Liberator William Lloyd Garrison Abolition Journalism Historic Firsts PBS African American Registry
1845 Dallas County, Arkansas Is Created Dallas County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1850 The First Meeting of the Minnesota Historical Society Is Held Minnesota Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1853 The First Baltimore & Ohio Train Arrives in Wheeling, West Virginia from Baltimore, Connecting the Atlantic with the Ohio River Wheeling, West Virginia Baltimore, Maryland Railroad Ohio River Historic Firsts West Virginia State Archives
1863 President Lincoln Issues the Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation History Channel Lincoln Logs African American Registry University of Georgia
In Tennessee, the Battle of Stones River (Murfeesboro) Continues for a Second Day Tennessee Battle of Stones River Florida Historical Society
The Federal Ship U.S.S. Gem of the Sea Captures the Confederate Sloop Ann 6 Miles East of Florida's Jupiter Inlet Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Confederate Forces Attack Galveston, Texas and Expel Occupying Union Troops Galveston, Texas Galveston, Texas Texas State Historical Association
A Nebraska Farmer Files the First Homestead Claim Nebraska Housing Farming & Agriculture Homestead Act Historic Firsts History Channel
1869 In Minnesota, an African-American Convention Is Held in St. Paul's Ingersoll Hall to Honor the Emancipation Proclamation St. Paul, Minnesota President Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation African-American Heritage Minnesota Historical Society
1876 The First Area-Wide New Year's Day Mummers' Parade Is Held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania New Year's Day Historic Firsts Mummers History Channel
1879 Michigan's State Capitol Is Dedicated in Lansing Lansing, Michigan State of Michigan Michigan Legislative Council (pdf)
1881 From His Santa Fe Jail Cell, Outlaw Billy the Kid Writes the 3rd of 6 Letters Requesting a Visit from New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace Santa Fe, New Mexico Billy the Kid Lew Wallace Prison New Mexico Magazine
1883 In Florida, the City of Eustis Is Incorporated Eustis, Florida Florida Historical Society
1884 Ellensburg, Washington Is Incorporated Ellensburg, Washington HistoryLink
1885 In Florida, the City of Lakeland Is Incorporated Lakeland, Florida Florida Historical Society
Florida's Fifth Constitution Goes into Effect and Will Remain the Basic Law of the State Until 1968 Florida Government Florida Constitution Florida Historical Society
1890 The First Tournament of Roses Parade Is Held in Pasadena, California Pasadena, California Football Tournament of Roses Historic Firsts Learn California
1892 A 15-year-old Irish Girl Is the First of 12M+ Immigrants to Pass through the Doors of the Ellis Island Immigration Station Immigration Ellis Island Historic Firsts Library of Congress
In Washington, Destruction Island Lighthouse Is Illuminated for the First Time Washington Lighthouses Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1893 The Great Northern Railroad Completes Its Line Connecting St. Paul Minnesota to the Pacific Ocean at Everett, Washington St. Paul, Minnesota Everett, Washington Railroad Westward Expansion Minnesota Historical Society
1895 The Tampa Tribune Begins Daily Publication Tampa, Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Tampa Tribune Florida Historical Society
1897 Atlanta University Defeats Tuskegee Institute in the First Football Game Between Two Traditionally African-American Colleges Alabama Sports Figures Georgia Sports Figures Football Historic Firsts African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1898 Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island Are Consolidated into New York City New York City New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Snow and Freezing Temperatures Are Recorded in Birmingham and Montgomery, Alabama Alabama Snow Temperature Alabama State Archives
1901 The Commonwealth of Australia Is Proclaimed Australia New York Times
1902 Alaska's Fox Islands Are at the Epicenter of a 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1904 The L Street Brownies Hold Their First Annual New Year's Day Swim in Boston Harbor Boston, Massachusetts Swimming New Year's Day Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1905 In Wisconsin, the Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Co. Opens the Milwaukee Interurban Terminal Milwaukee, Wisconsin Transportation Electricity Wisconsin Historical Society
1906 A Tent Colony Is Established in San Antonio, Texas as an Open-Air Colony for the Treatment of Tuberculosis San Antonio, Texas Tuberculosis Texas State Historical Association
1908 Gustav Mahler Makes His Conducting Debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York Gustav Mahler New York City Classical Music Opera Metropolitan Opera American Public Media
1914 In Florida, the First Scheduled Commercial Airplane Flight Is Made from St. Petersburg to Tampa Florida Aviation History Business Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
On Governor's Orders, National Guardsmen Close the Saloons in the Oregon Mining Town of Copperfield Oregon Drug and Alcohol Abuse
1915 British Battleship Formidable Is Torpedoed by the German Submarine U-24 and Sinks in the English Channel, Killing 547 Men Great Britain Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
1918 An Alaskan Law Forbidding Employees From Working More Than 8 Hours a Day Goes into Effect Alaskan Government Labor Law and Legal Resources Alaskan Historical Association
1921 In Washington, Host Everett H.S. Defeats Cleveland, Ohio's East Technical H.S. 16-7 to Claim the National H.S. Football Championship Everett, Washington Cleveland, Ohio Football HistoryLink
1922 South African Coal Miners Begin a Strike That Will Erupt in Violence by March South African Business Labor Strike Business South African History
1925 Texas Governor, Pat M. Neff, Appoints Three Women to Serve as a Special State Supreme Court Texas Women Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1926 The University of Alabama Football Team Wins the Rose Bowl Alabama Football University of Alabama Football The Rose Bowl Alabama State Archives
1929 Georgia Tech Wins the Rose Bowl 8-7 As California Center Roy Riegel Returns a Fumble 60 Yards into His Own End Zone for a Safety California Sports Figures Football Georgia Tech Football California Football The Rose Bowl New York Times University of Georgia
1932 Campbell and Milton Counties Officially Merged with Fulton County, Reducing the Number of Georgia Counties from 161 to 159 Fulton County, Georgia University of Georgia
1937 Great Britain Makes Safety Glass Windshields Mandatory Great Britain Automotives Glass History Channel
1938 Stanford University's Hank Luisetti, Inventor of the Jump Shot, Is the First Person to Score 50 Points in a College Basketball Game California Sports Figures Basketball Stanford Basketball Historic Firsts New York Times
1942 Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill Issue a Declaration Signed by 26 Countries, Creating the United Nations Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt United Nations World War II History Channel
The U.S. Government Prohibits Sales of Civilian Cars and Trucks to Dedicate Automotive Plants Entirely to the War Effort U.S. Government Automotives Economics World War II History Channel
1946 An American Soldier Accepts the Surrender of 20 Japanese Soldiers Who Discovered the War Is Over by Reading the Newspaper Japan World War II History Channel
1947 Canadians Become Citizens of Their Own Country Rather Than British Subjects Canada Law and Legal Resources CBC
The National Coal Board Takes Control of Britain's Mines Great Britain Labor Business BBC
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 The Zenith Radio Corporation of Chicago Demonstrates the First Pay Television System Chicago Television Business Historic Firsts History Channel
1953 The University of Wisconsin Loses 7-0 to Southern California in the 39th Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Wisconsin Sports Figures Football Wisconsin Football USC Football The Rose Bowl Wisconsin Historical Society
1956 Sudan Gains Its Independence From Egypt and the United Kingdom Sudan Egypt Great Britain CIA African American Registry
1959 Fidel Castro's Popular Revolution Forces Cuban Dictator, Fulgencio Batista, From Power Fidel Castro Cold War History Channel BBC New York Times
1960 Indian River Community College Is Established in Fort Pierce, Florida Fort Pierce, Florida Education Indian River Community College Florida Historical Society
The Washington Huskies Crush the University of Wisconsin 44-8 in the Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Wisconsin Sports Figures Washington Sports Figures Football Washington University Football Wisconsin Football The Rose Bowl Wisconsin Historical Society
1962 The Beatles and the Tremeloes Audition for London Record Company Decca, Which Signs the Tremeloes but Not the Beatles English Performing Artists The Beatles Popular Musicians History Channel
1966 Strikers Shut Down the New York City Subway System New York City Subway Transportation Strikes History Channel
1969 In Minnesota, the Coast Guard Closes the Split Rock Lighthouse After 59 Years of Service Minnesota Lighthouses Minnesota Historical Society Minnesota Historical Society
1970 In Indiana, UNIGOV Merges the Indianapolis and Marion County Governments Marion County, Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1973 The United Kingdom Joins the European Economic Community British Business Economics European History Cold War BBC
NASA Launches the Intelsat 4 F-6 Communications Satellite Space Exploration Radio Television NASA
1978 An Air India Boeing 747 Jet Crashes into the Sea Just After Takeoff, Killing All 213 People on Board India Air Disasters Death History Channel
Newspaper Editor Donald Woods Arrives in London After Fleeing for His Life From South Africa's Apartheid Regime London, England South Africa Apartheid Journalism BBC
Anne Cawthon Booth Is Appointed as the First Woman to Serve as an Appellate Judge in the State of Florida Florida Government American Women Political Leaders Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1980 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 56 People and Injures 400 in Portugal's Azore Islands Portugal Earthquakes Death USGS
1984 In Compliance with a Court Order, AT&T Divests Itself of 22 Regional Bell Communications Companies AT&T Telephone Business Monopolies Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1986 Wisconsin Is the First State to Recognize Equal Ownership of Assets Acquired by a Husband and Wife Wisconsin Government Women Human Rights/Civil Rights Economics Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1990 David Dinkins Is Sworn in as New York City's First African-American Mayor New York City Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts African-American Political and Social Leaders New York Times
1993 Czechoslovakia Is Peacefully Split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia Czech Republic Slovakia New York Times
1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement Goes Into Effect Canadian Business Mexican Business International Trade New York Times
1996 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 8 People in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
1998 A New California Law Prohibits Smoking in Bars California Government Tobacco Law & Legal Resourcese New York Times
1999 The Euro Becomes the Official Currency of 11 European Countries European History Currency BBC
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 The World Celebrates the New Millennium New Years BBC
In England, Queen Elizabeth II Opens the Millennium Dome London, England Queen Elizabeth II New Years Greenwich 2000 Greenwich Guide
2001 The University of Washington Defeats the Purdue Boilermakers 34-24 in the Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Washington Sports Figures Indiana Sports Figures Football Washington University Football Purdue Football The Rose Bowl HistoryLink