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Georgia Georgia

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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1991, who took office as the first female African-American mayor of Washington, D.C.? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1974, who began their 20-year term as the first African-American mayor of Detroit? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Historic UK, who did James Wolfe defeat on the Plains of Abraham to establish British control throughout Canada? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Who was the operatic soprano who walked off the stage during a performance in Rome on this date in 1958? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the History Channel, following the Tory Act Resolution published on this date in 1776, to which country did most of the British Loyalists flee during the Revolutionary War? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, who did Henry Flagler meet while working for his brother-on-law's company D.M. Harkness? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work published by Isaac Asimov in 1976 (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the American Bar Association, from which law school did Sadie Alexander's father graduate?

2. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, who were Donald Keck's two partners in the invention of optical fiber?

3. According to Arts of Haiti, what soup do Haitians traditionally eat on Ancestors' Day?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a publication for which Elmer Simms Campbell served as a cartoonist (according to the African American Registry):
James Wolfe
James Wolfe
Born on This Date 1727


French and indian War

Henry Flagler
Henry Flagler
Born on This Date 1830

[Flagler Museum]

American Business Leaders

Sadie Alexander
Sadie Alexander
Born on This Date 1898

[University of Washington]

Law and Legal Resources

Isaac Asimov
Isaac Asimov
Born on This Date 1920

[Science World]


Donald Keck
Donald Keck
Born on This Date 1941

National Institute of Standards


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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Haiti: Fête des Aïeux (Ancestors' Day)
(Observed annually to commemorate the declareation of the Republic of Haiti by General Jean- Jacques Dessalines: 01/01/1804)
Haiti Arts of  Haiti Embassy of Haiti, Washington, D.C. U.S. Department of State
United States: National Science Fiction Day
(Observed annually to commemorate the birth date of science fiction author Isaac Asimov: 01/02/1920)
Isaac Asimov Literature
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1921 Crosby Bonsall (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors
1932 Jean Little (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors Young-Adult Children's Authors Special Needs Education
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1752 Philip Freneau (New York City-born Poet) Philip Freneau Poetry
1831 Justin Winsor (Massachusetts-born Librarian, Historian) Massachusetts Libraries Libraries American History
1911 St. Clair Drake (Virginia-born African American Scholar, Anthropologist, Sociologist, Educator) Virginia Authors Education African-American History African American Registry
1920 Isaac Asimov (Russian-born American Science Fiction Author) Isaac Asimov Authors
1947 David Shapiro (New Jersey-born Poet) New Jersey Authors Poetry Cultureport Writer's Almanac
1949 Christopher Durang (New Jersey-born Playwright) New Jersey Authors Plays
1962 Mo Hayder (English Crime Novelist) English Authors Writer's Almanac
Artists, Architects and Designers
1870 Ernst Barlach (German Sculptor, Woodcarver) German Artists
1872 Albert Coombs Barnes (Pennsylvania-born Arts Benefactor: Founder of the Barnes Foundation) Pennsylvania Business Leaders Philanthropy Barnes Foundation
1890 Bonnie MacLeary (Texas-born Sculptor) Texas Artists Texas State Historical Association
1906 Elmer Simms Campbell (Missouri-born: First African-American Syndicated Cartoonist) Missouri Artists Cartoons and Comics Journalism African-American Artists African American Registry
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1904 James Melton (Georgia-born Operatic Tenor) Georgia Performing Artists Opera Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
1913 Gardner Read (Illinois-born Composer) Illinois Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1727 Johann, Daniel Titius (Polish Astronomer and Physicist Who Developed the Titius-Bode Law for Planetary Orbits) Polish Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy The Solar System
1803 Charles Thurber (Massachusetts-born Inventors of an Ancestor to the Typewriter) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Invetions Technology and Society
1822 Rudolf Clausius (German Mathematical Physicist: Pioneer in Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Gases) German Scientists & Mathematicians Physics
1941 Donald Keck (Michigan-born co-Inventor of Optical Fiber) Donald Keck Physics Light Inventors and Inventions
Business Leaders
1830 Henry Flagler (New York-born Industrialist, Railroad Magnate, co-Founder of Standard Oil) Henry Flagler Railroads Standard Oil Florida Historical Society
Military Leaders
1727 James Wolfe (English General Who Established British Control Throughout Canada) English Military Leaders Canada French and Indian War
1873 Theresa of Lisieux (French Carmelite Nun: Catholic Saint) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Society of the Little Flower
Political and Social Leaders
1848 Julia A. Tuttle (Ohio-born "Mother of Miami," Florida ) Ohio Business Leaders Miami, Florida Florida Historical Society
1890 Hjalmar Petersen (Danish-American Governor of Minnesota: 1936-37) Danish Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders
1895 Folke Bernadotte (Member of the Swedish Royal Family, Diplomat, Humanitarian) Swedish Political and Social Leaders World War II The Holocaust
1898 Sadie Alexander (Pennsylvania-born African-American Attorney, Civil Rights Advocate) Sadie Alexander Law and Legal Resources Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
1913 Juanita Jackson Mitchell (Arkansas-born African-American Attorney, Civil Rights Advocate) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1928 Dan Rostenkowski (Chicago-born Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois) Chicago Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress National Public Radio
Performing Artists
1884 Oscar Micheaux (Illinois-born: First African-American to Produce a Feature-Length Film) Illinois Performing Artists Filmmakers African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1929 Arthur Prysock (South Carolina-born African-American Jazz Vocalist) South Carolina Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists University of South Carolina African American Registry
1936 Roger Miller (Texas-born Country & Western Musician, Composer, Songwriter) Texas Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians Internet Movie Database Texas State Historical Association
1968 Cuba Gooding, Jr. (New York City-born African-American Actors Awarded the 1996 Academy Award for a Supporting Actor) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film African-American Performing Artists The Academy Awards African American Registry
Sports Figures
1871 Tex Rickard (Missouri-born Prize-Fight Promoter) Tex Rickard Boxing
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1892 Montgomery C.Meigs (Georgia-born Union Army General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
Jacob Cox (Indiana-born Artist) Indiana Artists American Artists Indiana Historical Society
1904 James Longstreet (South Carolina-born Confederate General) James Longstreet American Civil War University of Georgia
1916 Joseph R. Lamar (Georgia-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court University of Georgia
1974 Tex Ritter (Texas-born Country & Western Musician) Texas Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians Internet Movie Database Texas State Historical Association
1990 Alan Hale Jr. (Los Angeles-born Actor: "The Skipper" on Gilligan's Island) Los Angeles Performing Artists American  Performing Artists Television Internet Movie Database History Channel
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1492 Spanish Forces Capture Granada Ending Seven Centuries of Muslim Rule on the Iberian Peninsula Spain Islam Merriam Webster Chambers Book of Days History Channel
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1724 J.S. Bach's "Sacred Cantata No. 153" Is Performed the Sunday After New Year's as Bach's First Annual Sacred Cantata Cycle in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1735 Part 5 of J.S. Bach's 6-part "Christmas Oratorio," S. 248, Is Performed in Leipzig, Germany Johann Sebastian Bach Composers Religious Music Christmas Music New Years American Public Media
1776 Continental Congress Publishes the "Tory Act" Resolution Describing Treatment for Americans Remaining Loyal to King George The Continential Congress King George of England American Revolution History Channel
1788 Georgia Is the Fourth State to Ratify the U.S. Constitution Georgia U.S. Constitution History Channel University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1811 Massachusetts' Timothy Pickering Is the First U.S. Senator to be Censured Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Historic Firsts History Channel
1813 The Ohio Legislature Authorizes the Creation of Harrison County Harrison County, Ohio Ohio Historical Society
1832 Dr. Matthew Cunningham Is Elected the First Mayor of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Elections Arkansas History Commission
1852 In California, a U.S. Land Commission Begins 5 Years of Hearings to Determine the Validity of Spanish and Mexican Land Grants Spain Mexico California Economics Law and Legal Resources Hispanic Heritage Learn California
1860 Louisiana State Seminary of Learning (to be Louisiana State University) Is Established Louisiana Education Education Louisiana  State University
1861 Confederate and Union Artillery Units Duel at Pensacola, Florida Pensacola, Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 Union Troops Defeat Confederates in the Battle of Stones River at Murfeesboro Just South of Nashville Tennessee Battle of Stone River History Channel
1865 From Savannah, Georgia, General Sherman Sends General Grant Plans for Invading South Carolina South Carolina Savannah, Georgia U.S. Grant American Civil War University of Georgia
President Lincoln Is Interviewed by a Correspondent from Scientific American President Lincoln Scientific American Lincoln Logs
1882 John D. Rockefeller Forms the Standard Oil Trust John D. Rockefeller Monopolies Standard Oil History Channel
1883 Faribault, Minnesota Chief of Police, David J. Shipley, Is Fatally Shot During an Attempted Arrest Faribault, Minnesota Crime Gun Control Death Minnesota Historical Society
1871 Stephen Crane Survives the Sinking of a Boat to Cuba; Subject of His Short story "The Open Boat" Stephen Crane American Authors Naval History Writer's Almanac History Channel
1893 The United States Marines Corps Withdraws from Nicaragua Nicaragua United State Marine Corps Library of Congress
1898 Booker T. Washington Speaks in Jacksonville, Florida on the Advancement of the American Negro Jacksonville, Florida BookerT. Washington Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Wisconsin's Fond du Lac's Company E Basketball Team Defeats Yale University 27-6 to Claim the National Championship Fond du Lac, Wisconsin Basketball Yale University Basketball Wisconsin Historical Society
1905 The Japanese Capture Naval Base at Port Arthur Forcing a Russian Surrender Russia Japan Naval Military History History Channel New York Times
1911 A Million Dollar Fire Burns through the Business Section of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Fire Business Arkansas History Commission
1917 In Alaska, Fire Wipes Out Much of the Business District of Valdez Valdez, Alaska Fire Business Alaska Historical Society
1918 Ground Is Broken for an Explosives Plant in Nitro, West Virginia Nitro, West Virginia Business West Virginia
Wisconsin's 127th and 128th Infantries Depart Their Waco, Texas Training Camp for France Wisconsin Military Figures Waco, Texas World War I Wisconsin Historical Society
1919 Electric Streetcar Service Begins in Tacoma, Washington Tacoma, Washington Transportation Electricity Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1923 Albert Fall, U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Resigns Due to Public Outrage over the Teapot Dome Scandal U.S. Department of the Interior Teapot Dome Scandal History Channel
1933 Frederick Douglass Dedicates the Haitian Pavilion at Chicago's Columbian Exposition Haiti Frederick Douglass Chicago African-American Heritage Library of Congress
In Wilmington, Delaware, the "Every Evening" and "Evening Journal" Newspapers Merge Wilmington, Delaware Journalism Business State of Delaware
1935 Bruno Hauptmann Goes on Trial for the Kidnapping and Murder of the Infant Son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh Law and Legal Resources New York Times
1941 Andrews Sisters Record "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" Minneapolis Performing Artists Popular Music World War II History Channel
1942 U.S. Navy Opens a Blimp Base in Lakehurst, New Jersey Lakehurst, New Jersey Blimps History Channel
Japanese Forces Capture the Philippine Capital of Manila During World War II The Republic of the Philppines Japan World War II New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Mrs. Arnold Schmidt Is Hired as the First Female Employee of the Janesville, Wisconsin Police Department Janesville, Wisconsin Women Law Enforcement Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1955 Canadian Pianist Glenn Gould Plays His First U.S. Recital in Washington, D.C. Glenn Gould Washington, D.C. Classical Musicians American Public Media
1958 Operatic Soprano Maria Callas Walks Off the Stage During Performance in Rome Italy Maria Callas Opera History Channel
1960 Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy Announces His Candidacy for the Democratic Presidential Nomination Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders President John F. Kennedy The American Presidency 1960 Presidential Election Democratic Party New York Times
1965 Martin Luther King, Jr. Launches Mass Marches in Selma, Alabama to Protect African-American Voting Rights Selma, Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage University of Georgia
New York Jets Sign University of Alabama Quarterback Joe Namath for $400,000 National Football League Joe Namath Economics University of Alabama New York Times
1967 South African Surgeon, Dr Christian Barnard, Performs Second Heart Transplant One Month After His First Christian Barnard Heart Transplants South African History
1970 At Michigan State, Clifton Wharton Takes Office as the First African-American President of a Major U.S. University Michigan Education Education African American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Michigan State University Michigan State Historical Society
1971 Fight Among Scottish Soccer Fans Results in 66 Deaths Scotland Soccer Death BBC
1974 Coleman Young Begins 20-year Term as Detroit's First African-American Mayor Detroit Political and Social Leaders Coleman Young African American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Michigan State Historical Society
To Force Fuel Conservation, President Nixon Signs Federal Law Lowering All National Highway Speed Limits to 55 mph President Richard Nixon Automotives Energy History Channel
1975 U.S. Patent Office Is Renamed the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office U.S. Government Patents and Trademarks USPTO
1980 President Carter Seeks Sanctions Against Soviet Military Intervention into Afghanistan Afghanistan Soviet Union President Jimmy Carter Cold War History Channel
British Steel Workers Begin 14-Week Strike Great Britain Labor Job Actions BBC
1983 The Musical ''Annie'' Closes on Broadway after 2,377 Performances American Musicals Internet Browardway Database
Zenith Announces It Will Switch Video Production from Beta to VHS Zenith Television Inventors and Invetions Technology and Society
1984 University of Miami Defeats Nebraska 31-30 in the Orange Bowl for the National Championship The Orange Bowl University of Miami Football University of Nebraska Football Football New York Times
1987 Penn State Defeats the University of Miami 14-10 in the Fiesta Bowl for the National Championship The Fiesta Bowl Penn State Football University of Miami Football Football New York Times
1991 Sharon Pratt Dixon Takes Office as the First Female American-American Mayor of Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Female American Political and Social Leaders African American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts New York Times
1996 U.S. Combat Troops Arrive in Northern Bosnia to Help Keep the Peace Between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims Bosnia U.S. Military BBC
1999 4.5 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Sichuan, China China Earthquakes USGS
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2007 The New York Stock Exchange Closes for the Funeral of Former U.S. President Gerald Ford Gerald Ford The American Presidency New York Stock Rxchange (pdf) CNN