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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which state was admitted to the Union on this date in 1896? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What happened to Sputnik I on this date in 1958? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to, when she was in the fifth grade, what was Phyllis Reynolds Naylor's favorite hobby? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:

1. Who was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives on this date in 1995 (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Calgary, as a scholar what did Jacob Grimm study? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the St. Louis Walk of Fame, what contest did Grace Bumbry win in 1954? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1993 work by Gao Xingjian (according to Authors Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to St. Andrews University, during what period did Isaac Newton serve as Lucasian professor at Cambridge?

2. According to the BBC, in what year did Gao Xingjian leave China?

3. According to the BBC, who were the two women who reached the South Pole on this date in 2000?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by Cyril Lionel James (according to the African American Registry):
Isaac Netown
Isaac Newton
Born on This Date 1642



Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
Born on This Date 1785

[U. of Goettingen]

Primary Children's Authors

Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
Born on This Date 1933

[Children's Literature]

Young-adult Authors

Grace Bumbry
Grace Bumbry
Born on This Date 1937

[Arts for Life]

Grace Bumbry

Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Born on This Date 1940

[Nobel Foundation]

Authors 2000 Nobel Laureate for Literature

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Angola: Baixa de Cassange's Day (Martyrs of the Colonial Repression Day)
(Commemorates the cotton workers martyred in attack by Portuguese military: 01/04/1961)
Angola Portugal War Death U.S. Department of State
Burma: Independence Day
(Commemorates independence from Great Britain: 01/04/1948)
Burma/Myanmar Great Britain Library of Congress
Utah: Admission Day
(Commemorates admission of Utah as the 45th State: 01/04/1896)
Utah State of Utah
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1785 Jacob Grimm (German Children's Author, One of the Brothers Grimm) Jacob Grimm Primary Children's Authors Folk Tales and Folk Lore
1916 Maggie Duff (Indiana-born Children's Author) Maggie Duff Primary Children's Authors
1933 Phyllis Reynolds Naylor (Indiana-born Children's Author) Phyllis Reynolds Naylor Young-adult Authors
1935 Fernando Krahn (Chilean Children's Author, Illustrator) Fernando Krahn Primary Children's Authors Artists
1936 Robert Burleigh (Illinois-born Children's Author) Robert Burleigh Primary Children's Authors
1941 Etienne Delessert (Swiss Children's Author, Illustrator) Etienne Delessert Primary Children's Authors Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1789 Benjamin Lundy (New Jersey-born Journalist, Abolitionist) Benjamin Lundy Journalism Abolition
1883 Max Eastman (New York-born Poet) Max Eastman Poetry
1901 C(yril) L(ionel) R(obert) James (Trinidad Writer , Political Activist) C.L.R. James
1940 Gao Xingjian (Chinese Playwright, 2000 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Gao Xingjian Plays 2000 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Artists, Architects and Designers
1784 Francois Rude Francois Rude Artists
1861 Ida Weisselberg Hadra (Texas-born Landscape Artist) Texas Artists American Artists Texas State Historical Association
1878 Augustus John (English Painter) Augustus John Artists
1881 Wilhelm Lehmbruck (German Sculptor) German Artists Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1710 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (Italian Composer) Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Composers
1937 Grace Bumbry (Missouri-born African-American Operatic Soprano) Grace Bumbry Opera African American Performing Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1642 Isaac Newton (English Scientist, Mathematician: Newton's Laws of Motion, Gravity, Calculus) Isaac Newton Physics Light Gravity Calculus
1746 Benjamin Rush (Pennsylvania-born Medical Pioneer, Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Benjamin Rush Medicine Declaration of Independence
1797 Wilhelm Beer (German Astronomer) Wilhelm Beer Astronomy The Moon
1809 Louis Braille (French Inventor of the Braille Reading System for the Blind) Louis Braille Inventors & Inventions Blindness
1813 Isaac Pitman (English Inventor of Shorthand) Isaac Pitman Inventors & Inventions Writing
1908 William Claytor (Virginia-born African-American Mathematician) William Claytor Mathematics African American Scientists & Mathematicians
1940 Brian D. Josephson (Welsh-born 1973 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Brian D. Josephson Physics Electrons 1973 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1945 Richard R. Schrock (Indiana-born 2005 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Richard Schrock Organic Chemistry 2005 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
Business Leaders
1895 Leroy Randle Grumman (New York-born Founder of Grumman Aviation) Leroy Randle Grumman Aviation History
Political and Social Leaders
1798 William Crosby Dawson (Georgia-born Member of the U.S. Congress) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1872 Selena Sloan Butler (Georgia-born African-American Educator) Selena Sloan Butler Educators of Note African-American Polticial & Social Leaders
1887 Edwin Witte (Wisconsin-born Statesman; "Father of Social Security") Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Social Security Wisconsin Historical Society
1896 Everett Dirksen (Illinois-born Member of the U.S. Senate) Everett Dirksen U.S. Senate
1913 Chief Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II (Head of State for Western Samoa) Chief Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II
1920 William E. Colby (Minnesota-born Director of the CIA under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders President Richard Nixon President Gerald Ford CIA
Performing Artists
1905 Sterling Holloway (Georgia-born Actor: Voice of Winnie the Pooh) Sterling Holloway Actors Film Television A.A. Milne
1914 Jane Wyman (Missouri-born Actress: First Wife of President Ronald Reagan) Jane Wyman Actors Film Television
1937 Dyan Cannon (Washington-born Actress) Dyan Cannon Actors Film
1957 Patty Loveless (Kentucky-born Actress) Patty Loveless Country Music Musicians Actors Film
1960 Michael Stipe (Georgia-born Actor) Michael Stipe Actors Film
1963 Dave Foley (Canadian Actor) Dave Foley Actors Television
1965 Julia Ormond (English Actress) Julia Ormond Actors Film
Sports Figures
1884 Harry Haskell Lew (Massachusetts-born African-American: First African American to Play Professional Basketball) Harry Haskell Lew Basketball African American Sports Figures Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1930 Don Shula (Ohio-born Football Coach: Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Don Shula Professional Football Hall of Fame
1935 Floyd Patterson (North Carolina-born African-American Member of the Boxing Hall of Fame) Floyd Patterson Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1821 Elizabeth Ann Seton (New York-born Religious Leader: First Native-born American Saint) Elizabeth Ann Seton Religion Catholic Saints
1843 Stevens T. Mason (Virginia-born First Governor of Michigan) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders State of Michigan
1863 Roger Hanson (Kentucky-born Confederate General Who Died from Combat Wounds) Roger Hanson American Civil War
1877 Cornelius Vanderbilt (New York-born Business Leader: Railroads and Shipping) Cornelius Vanderbilt U.S. Business Leaders Naval History Railroads
1929 Bose Ikard (Texas-born African-American Frontiersman, Trail Blazer) Bose Ikard Westward Expansion Famous African-Americans
1958 Archie A. Alexander (Iowa-born African-American Architect, Engineer, Statesman) Archie A. Alexander African-American Artists, Designers and Architects Architecture African-American Artists, Designers, Architects
1960 Albert Camus (French-born 1957 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Albert Camus Authors 1957 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1961 Erwin Schrödinger (Austrian-born 1933 Nobel Laureate in Physics) Erwin Schrödinger Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1933 Nobel Laureate in Physics
1965 T.S. Eliot (Missouri-born Poet; 1948 Nobel Laureate in Literature) T.S. Eliot Poetry 1948 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1967 Donald Campbell (English Powerboat Racer) Donald Campbell Auto Racing Naval History
1990 Harold Edgerton (Nebraska-born Engineer Who Developed the Strobe Light and Multiflash Photography) Harold Edgerton Photography Inventors & Inventions
1992 Elithe Kirkland (Texas-born Author) Elithe Kirkland American Authors
2001 Les Brown (American Bandleader) Popular Music Popular Music Jazz
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a worm Snowey morning, the Themtr. at 28° abov 0, Cloudy, Sent out 3 men to hunt down the river, Several Indians Came to day the little Crow, who has proved friendly Came we gave him a handkerchf & 2 files, in the evening the weather became cold and windey, wind from the N W. I am verry unwell the after part of the Daye

Ordway: Cloudy, warm morning. Several men went down the River a hunting. the afternoon blustry. Some of the hunters returned had killed one buffalow calf & one woolf.

Whitehouse: This morning Clear, and the weather was moderate, to what it had been some days past, Our officers sent out the Hunters, they all returned but 3 who remained out all night, The hunters that returned, had killed one Small Buffalo, which they brought to the Fort.— In the Evening, the weather grew very cold and the Wind blew hard from the N. West all night—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Native American Tribes Health Care

Temperature Snow Buffalo Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Comowooll and the Clatsops who visited us yesterday left us in the evening. These people the Chinnooks and others residing in this neighbourhood and speaking the same language have been very friendly to us; they appear to be a mild inoffensive people but will pilfer if they have an opportuny to do so where they conceive themselves not
liable to detection. they are great higlers in trade and if they conceive you anxious to purchase will be a whole day bargaining for a handfull of roots; this I should have thought proceeded from their want of knowledge of the
comparitive value of articles of merchandize and the fear of being cheated, did I not find that they invariably refuse
the price first offered them and afterwards very frequently accept a smaller quantity of the same article;

in order to satisfy myself on this subject I once offered a Chinnook my watch two knives and a considerable quantity of beads for a small inferior sea Otter's skin which I did not much want, he immediately conceived it of great value, and refused to barter except I would double the quantity of beads; the next day with a great deal of importunity on his part I received the skin in exchange for a few strans of the same beads he had refused the day before. I therefore believe this trait in their character proceeds from an avaricious all grasping disposition. in this rispect they differ from all Indians I ever became acquainted with, for their dispositions invariably lead them to give whatever they are possessed off no matter how usefull or valuable, for a bauble which pleases their fancy, without consulting it's usefullness or value.

nothing interesting occurred today, or more so, than our wappetoe being all exhausted

Gass: The weather is still cloudy and wet.

The morning was wet; but we proceeded on, and passed the head of a creek which we supposed was the last in our rout to the salt works. Immediately after passing the creek, the man with me killed an elk; when we halted and took breakfast off it, and then went on.

We got into low ground, passed through a marsh about ½ a mile in breadth, where the water was knee-deep; then got into a beautiful prairie, about 5 miles wide,

[The coastal plain in Clatsop County, north of Gearhart, in the vicinity of Sunset Beach.]

and which runs along the sea shore about 30 miles from Point Adams on the south side of Hayley's Bay, in nearly a southwest course and ends at a high point of a mountain, called Clarke's View on the sea shore. Through this plain or prairie runs another creek, or small river which we could not pass without some craft: so we encamped on the creek and supped on the elk's tongue, which we had brought with us.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 Harman Blennerhassett Released from Prison, Exonerated of Role in Aaron Burr Conspiracy Notorious Persons of Ireland American History 1700-1800 West Virginia Archive
1836 Arkansas Constitutional Convention Meets in Little Rock Little Rock Government Historic U.S. Documents Arkansas History Commission
1839 Abraham Lincoln Votes with the Majority of the Illinois House to Incorporate City of Danville Danville, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1840 Upon His Return to Hungary, Franz Liszt Is Presented the "Sword of Honor" at the Hungarian National Theatre Franz Liszt Composers APM
1847 Airy's Transit Circle Telescope Is First Used in Greenwich, England Great Britain Space and Astronomy Greenwich
1849 The Alta California Newspaper Begins Publication in San Francisco San Francisco, California Journalism Historic First Learn California
1851 Samuel Colt Wins Contract to Provide U.S. Government 1,000 Revolvers Samuel Colt Gun Control Business & Economics History Channel
1854 Minnesota's Fifth Territorial Legislature Is the First to Meet in an Official Capitol Building Minnesota Government Historic First Minnesota Historical Society
1855 Abraham Lincoln Presents a History of Slavery to the Colonization Society Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Logs
1861 President-elect Lincoln Meets with Salmon P. Chase in Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Salmon P. Chase Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
Alabama and Florida Governors Order the Seizure of Federal Military Installations in their States Alabama Florida American Civil War Alabama State Archive Florida Historical Society
1863 Confederate General Hanson Dies From Wounds Sustained at Stones River Roger Hanson Battle of Stones River Death The History Channel
1863 President Lincoln Has Meeting About Grant's Order to Expel Jews from Army of Tennessee Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War Judaism Lincoln Logs
1865 New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) Opens Its First Permanent Headquarters New York Stock Exchange Investments and Markets Library of Congress
1868 In Delaware, the Middletown Transcript Newspaper Begins Operation Middletown, Delaware Journalism Middletown Transcript Delaware
1896 State of Utah Is Admitted to the Union Utah U.S. History 1800-1900 History Channel State of Utah
1897 Robert B. Smith Begins a 4-Year Term as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 In Gonzales v. Williams, U.S. Supreme Court Decides Puerto Ricans May Enter the U.S. Freely Puerto Rico U.S. Supreme Court Hispanic Heritage Oklahoma State Courts Network
1907 Seattle, Washington's Children's Orthopedic Hospital Is Founded Washington Children's Health Care Child Advocacy History Link
1912 Earth and Moon Come Within 221,441 Miles Center to Center Earth Science Moon USA Today
1919 William Faulkner Is Discharged from the Canadian Division of the British Royal Air Force William Faulkner American Authors American Collection
1920 The Paris Opera Goes on Strike Paris Opera Opera Labor Strikes Paris Opera Theater History
1921 Mack Truck Trademark Is Registered Trademarks and Patents Mack Trucks USPTO
1923 In Wisconsin, Milton College President A.E. Whitford Bans Dancing by Students Wisconsin Education Education Dancing Milton College Preservation Society Wisconsin Historical Society
1925 John E. Ericson Succeeds Joseph W. Dixon as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1935 Bob Hope Debuts on Network Radio Bob Hope Radio History Channel
1936 Billboard Publishes First Pop-music Chart Based on National Sales Figures Popular Music Billboard Historic First History Channel
1937 Roy E. Ayers Succeeds William E. Holt as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1945 Ann Curtis First Woman to Win Sullivan Award As Top U.S. Amateur Athlete San Francisco Sports Figures Women Historic Firsts International Swimming Hall of Fame USA Today
Anthony J. Dimond Becomes the U.S. District Judge at Anchorage, Alaska Anchorage, Alaska Law and Legal Resources Alaska Historical Society
1946 Author John A. Williams Is Discharged from the U.S. Navy Mississippi Authors & Illustrators American Authors African-American Authors and Illustrators American Collection
1947 Ross Lockridge's Raintree County Is Finally Published after Extensive Rewrites Indiana Authors American Authors American Collection
Republican Vera Davis of Dover Is the First Woman Elected to the Delaware State Senate Delaware American Women in Politics Politics Historic First State of Delaware
1948 Burma Gains Independence from Great Britain Burma/Myanmar Great Britain Library of Congress
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 North Korean and Communist Chinese Forces Capture the City of Seoul Korea China Korean War BBC
1953 J. Hugo Aronson Succeeds John W. Bonner as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1957 Brooklyn Dodgers First Sports Team to Own Its Own Airplane Baseball Major League Baseball Aviation History Historic Firsts USA Today
1958 Sputnik I Disintegrates in Fall to Earth After 92 Days in Space Soviet Union Russian Space Program Cold War NASA
Edmund Hillary First Explorer to Reach South Pole Since Captain Scott in 1912 Edmund Hillary Antarctica BBC
American Rocket Society and Research Panel Issue Proposal for a National Space Agency Space Exploration NASA
1961 Donald G. Nutter Succeeds J. Hugo Aronson as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1962 First Automated Passenger Subway Train Runs in New York City New York City Subway Historic Firsts New York City Subsway
1965 President Johnson Outlines "Great Society" in State of the Union Address President Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency U.S. Civil Rights Movement <I>New York Times</I>
CBS Buys Guitar Company Musical Instruments Fender Guitar CBS The History Channel
1967 Donald Campbell Dies As His Speedboat Bluebird Flips At 300 mph British Sports Figures Naval History Death BBC
1970 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 10,000 in China China Earthquakes Death USGS
1971 Melvin Evans Inaugurated As the First Elected Governor of the Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Elections Historic Firsts
1974 President Nixon Refuses to Provide Subpoenaed Tapes/Recordings to Senate Committee Watergate Affair The American Presidency U.S. Congress History Channel
1980 President Carter Announces Sanctions Following Soviet Union's Invasion of Afghanistan Afghanistan Soviet Union President Carter Carter Library
1987 Spanish Guitarist Andrıs Segovia Arrives in U.S. for His Final American Tour Andrıs Segovia International Musician Hispanic Heritage History Channel
1990 Former Panamanian Dictator, Manuel Noriega, Arraigned in Miami Manuel Noriega Florida Illegal Drugs Hispanic Heritage <I>New York Times</I>
1993 Marc Racicot Succeeds Stan Stephens as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1995 U.S. Representative from Georgia, Newt Gingrich, Is Elected as the First Republican Speaker of the House in 40 Years Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives <I>New York Times</I> University of Georgia
1998 Daniel Arap Moi is Elected President of Kenya Kenya Elections South African History
1999 Europe's Unified Currency, the Euro, Debuts on World Markets European History Currencies International Markets and Investments History Channel
Former Pro Wrestler, Jesse Ventura, Sworn in As Governor of Minnesota Minnesota Political & Social Leaders <I>New York Times</I>
U.S. Mint Releases Delaware Quarters, First Dedicated to Individual States Delaware Coins and Currency Historic Firsts U.S. Mint
In DeKalb County, Georgia, Hong Kong-American, Al Wong Is Sworn In as the First Asian-American Judge in the Southeast U.S. DeKalb County, Georgia Law & Legal Resources Asian-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2002 Afghanistan Casualty Is First U.S. Soldier Killed in War on Terrorism Afghanistan War on Terrorism Death <I>New York Times</I>
First British Women Reach the South Pole British Explorers Antarctica Women BBC
2003 African-American Head Coaches Compete for First Time in NFL Playoffs Football African-American History Historic Firsts New York Jets
2007 California's Nancy Pelosi Begins Term as the First Female Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives California Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives Female American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts National Public Radio
Massachusetts' Deval Patrick Is the Second African-American Sworn In as an Elected State Governor Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders State of Massachusetts