for

JANUARY 5


 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. How many games in a row had the Harlem Globetrotters won, before losing on this date in 1971? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who retired from baseball on this date in 1957? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to The Scoop, when Lynne Cherry was a girl, how would she spend most of her waking hours during the warmer months? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Lynne Cherry (according to Living on Earth):
WARN RAIL DIVER
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 2000, who was the six-year-old boy the U.S. Immigration service ruled must be returned to Cuba? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the United States Army, what toast is Stephen Decatur credited with making at a banquet held in his honor? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Emory University, what ancient city did Kathleen Kenyon excavate between 1952 and 1958? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author or writer born on this date
ROUND LUCK FEE

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Park Service, who ordered Zebulon Pike westward?

2. According to the American Ballet Theatre, Alvin Ailey fell in love with concert dance when his junior high school class made a trip to where? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to USA Today, how much money did the Boston Red Sox receive when they sold Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees on this date in 1920?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1973 work by Umberto Eco (according to the Authors' Calendar)
ERIE GUAM COIN
 
 

Stephen Decatur
Born on This Date 1779

[USS Decatur]

American Military Leaders


Zebulon Pike
Born on This Date 1779

[National Park Service]

Pike's Peak


Kathleen Kenyon
Born on This Date 1906

[Emory University]

Archaeology/Anthropology


Alvin Ailey
Born on This Date 1931

[American Dance Festival]

Dance


Lynne Cherry
Born on This Date 1952

[Children's Environmental Lit]

Primary Children's Author

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
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Christians: Twelfth Night
(The twelfth day of Christmas and the eve of Epiphany)
Epiphany/Twelfth Night Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare
 Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1830 Christina Rossetti (English Poet, Children's Author) Christina Rossetti Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Poetry
1922 Celestino Piatti (Swiss Children's Author, Illustrator) Celestino Piatti Primary Children's Authors Artists
1939 Sheila Cole (Canadian Children's Author) Sheila Cole Primary Children's Authors
1943 Carol Purdy (California-born Children's Author) Carol Purdy Primary Children's Authors
1944 Betsy Maestro (New York City-born Children's Author) Betsy Maestro Primary Children's Authors
1952 Lynne Cherry (Pennsylvania-born Children's Science Author, Illustrator) Lynne Cherry Primary Children's Authors Artists Earth & the Environment
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1846 Rudolf Eucken (German-born 1908 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Rudolf Eucken Philosophy 1908 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1921 Friedrich Dürrenmatt (Swiss Playwright) Friedrich Dürrenmatt Plays
1926 W.D. Snodgrass (Pennsylvania-born Poet) W.D. Snodgrass Poetry
1932 Umberto Eco (Italian Mystery Novelist) Umberto Eco
1938 Ngugi wa Thiong'o (Kenyan Playwright) Ngugi wa Thiong'o Plays
Artists, Architects & Designers
1900 Yves Tanguy (French Surrealist Painter) Yves Tanguy
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1792 Peter Wolle (American Composer Born in the West Indies) American Composers Composers
1871 Frederick Shepherd Converse (Massachusetts-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers & Astronauts
1779 Zebulon Pike (New Jersey-born Soldier, Explorer: Namesake of Pike's Peak) Zebulon Pike U.S. Explorers U.S. Military Leaders Pike's Peak
1805 Joseph R. Brown (Maryland-born Early Explorer of Territorial Minnesota) Maryland Explorers and Pioneers Minnesota Explorers and Pioneers North American Explorers Dakota Indians Minnesota Historical Society
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1818 Ferdinand von Roemer (German Geologist) Ferdinand von Roemer Geology
1906 Kathleen Kenyon (English Archaeologist of the Ruins of Jericho) Kathleen Kenyon Archaeology & Anthropology Authors Religion
1909 Stephen Cole Kleene (Connecticut-born Mathematician) Stephen Cole Kleene Mathematician Computers
1779 Stephen Decatur (Maryland-born Naval Officer) Stephen Decatur U.S. Military Leaders Naval History War 1812
Business Leaders
1855 King Gillette (Wisconsin-born Developer of a Disposable Steel Blade and Razor; Founder of the Gillette Safety Razor Company) Wisconsin Business Leaders Business Gillette Company Wisconsin Historical Society
Political & Social Leaders
1813 Warren Chase (New Hampshire-born Founder of a Fourierite Utopian Community in What Is Now Ripon, Wisconsin) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Ripon, Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1835 Olympia Brown (Michigan-born Women's Suffragist; First U.S. Woman Ordained as a Minister) Michigan Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Women's Suffrage Religious Leaders and Theologians Wisconsin Historical Society
1866 Milo Reno (Iowa-born Farm Reform Leader) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Farming & Agriculture
1876 Konrad Adenauer (Chancellor of West Germany) Konrad Adenauer
1921 Jean I (Grand Duke of Luxembourg) Jean I
1926 Hosea Williams (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Advocate) Hosea Williams Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
1928 Walter "Fritz" Mondale (Minnesota-born U.S. Senator, Vice-President of the United States) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress President Jimmy Carter Minnesota Historical Society
1938 Juan Carlos I (King of Spain) Juan Carlos I
Performing Artists
1863 Constantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky (Russian Actor, Director) Constantin Stanislavsky Actors Plays
1923 Sam Phillip (Alabama-born Music Producer; Founder of Sun Records) Sam Phillips Popular Music Music Producer
1929 Wilbert Harrison (North Carolina-born African-American Songwriter, Performer) Wilbert Harrison Popular Music Famous African Americans
1931 Alvin Ailey (Texas-born African-American Dancer, Choreographer) Alvin Ailey Dance Notable African-Americans
Robert Duvall (California-born Actor) Robert Duvall Actors Movies Internet Movie Database
1946 Diane Keaton (Los Angeles-born Actress) Diane Keaton Actors Movies
1969 Marilyn Manson (Ohio-born Rock Musician) Marilyn Manson Popular Musicians
Sports Figures
1932 Chuck Noll (Ohio-born Football Coach: Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Chuck Noll NationaL Football League Football Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1066 Edward the Confessor (King of England, Builder of Westminster Abbey) Edward the Confessor Architecture Catholic Saints
1477 Charles the Bold, Duke of French Burgundy (Killed at the Battle of Nancy French Military Leaders Switzerland  War Classic Encyclopedia
1858 Joseph Radetzky (Austrian Military Hero) Joseph Radetzky
1922 Ernest Henry Shackleton (English Antarctic Explorer) Ernest Shackleton The Shackleton Expedition
1923 William H. Collins (Wisconsin Lumberman, Business and Civic Leader) Wisconsin Business Leaders Trees Business Wisconsin Historical Society
1933 Calvin Coolidge (Vermont-born 30th President of the United States) Vermont Political and Social Leaders Calvin Coolidge The American Presidency
1943 George Washington Carver (Missouri-born African American Scientist, Inventor, Educator) George Washington Carver Educators of Note American Scientists & Mathematicians Noted African Americans Inventors & Invention Foods & Nutrition
1944 Kaj Munk (Danish Patriot, Author, Religious Leader Murdered by the Nazis: some sources say Jan 4) Kaj Munk Plays Religious Leaders World War II Nazi Germany
1981 Harold Urey (Indiana-born 1934 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Harold Urey American Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry Hydrogen 1934 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1988 Pete Maravich (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Pete Maravich Basketball Hall of Fame
1994 Tip O'Neill (Massachusetts-born Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives) Tip O'Neill The U.S. House of Representatives Politics
1998 Sonny Bono (Detroit-born Performing Artist - "Sonny and Cher"; California Member of the U.S. House of Representatives) Sonny Bono California Political and Social Leaders Popular Musicians The U.S. Congress
2009 Griffin Bell (Georgia-born Attorney General of the United States under President Jimmy Carter) Griffin Bell U.S. Attorney General President Jimmy Carter Law and Legal Resources U.S. Civil Rights Movement
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1477 Swiss Defeat and Kill Charles the Bold at the Battle of Nancy French Military Leaders Switzerland  War  Death Classic Encyclopedia
Historical Events Occurring between 1400 - 1499
1543 Spanish Priest, Bartolomé de las Casas, Arrives in Campeche, Mexico Mexico Mexico Connect
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1757 Jean-Francois Damiens Fails in Attempt to Assassinate Louis XV of France France NNDB
1776 New Hampshire's Assembly Adopts the First State Constitution New Hampshire Government Historic U.S. Documents Historic Firsts Yale University
1781 British Naval Expedition Led By Benedict Arnold Burns Richmond, Virginia Great Britain Virginia Benedict Arnold Revolutionary War Virginia Historical Society Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
1804 Ohio Legislature Passes "Black Laws" to Restrict Legal Rights of Free Blacks Ohio Human Rights/Civil Rights Law & Legal Resources African-American History African American Registry
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Some Snow, Several Indians visit us with thier axes to get them mended,

Ordway: high blustry winds all last night & verry cold three of our hunters Stayed out all night. a cold morning. one of the hunters Set a trap last night & caught a large Grey woolf.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Snow Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: At 5 P. M. Willard and Wiser returned, they had not been lost as we apprehended. they informed us that it
was not untill the fifth day after leaving the Fort that they could find a convenient place for making salt; that they had at length established themselves on the coast about 15 Miles S. W. from this, near the lodge of some Killamuck families; that the Indians were very friendly and had given them a considerable quantity of the blubber of a whale which perished on the coast some distance S. E. of them;

part of this blubber they brought with them, it was white & not unlike the fat of Poark, tho' the texture was more spongey and somewhat coarser. I had a part of it cooked and found it very pallitable and tender, it resembled the beaver or the dog in flavour. it may appear somewhat extraordinary tho' it is a fact that the flesh of the beaver and
dog possess a very great affinity in point of flavour.

These lads also informed us that J. Fields, Bratton and Gibson (the Salt makers) had with their assistance erected
a comfortable camp killed an Elk and several deer and secured a good stock of meat; they commenced the making of salt and found that they could obtain from 3 quarts to a gallon a day; they brought with them a specemine of the salt of about a gallon, we found it excellent, fine, strong, & white; this was a great treat to myself and most of the party, having not had any since the 20th ;

I say most of the party, for my friend Capt. Clark declares it to be a mear matter of indifference with him whether he uses it or not; for myself I must confess I felt a considerable inconvenience from the want of it; the want of bread I consider as trivial provided, I get fat meat, for as to the species of meat I am not very particular, the flesh of the dog the horse and the wolf, having from habit become equally formiliar with any other, and I have learned to think that if the chord be sufficiently strong, which binds the soul and boddy together, it does not so much matter about the materials which copose it.

Colter also returned this evening unsuccessfull from the chase, having been absent since the 1st.—

Capt. Clark determined this evening to set out early tomorrow with two canoes and 12 men in quest of the whale, or
at all events to purchase from the Indians a parcel of the blubber, for this purpose he prepared a small assortment
of merchandize to take with him.


Gass: This was a very wet day. We killed a squirrel and eat it;

made a raft to cross the creek; but when it was tried we found it would carry only one person at a time; the man with me was therefore sent over first, who thought he could shove the raft across again; but when he attempted, it only went half-way: so that there was one of us on each side and the raft in the middle. I, however notwithstanding the
cold, stript and swam to the raft, brought it over and then crossed on it in safety; when we pursued our journey, and in a short time came to some Indian camps on the sea shore.

The rain and wind continued so violent that we agreed to stay at these camps all night.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 Britain and Ottoman Empire Sign Treaty Banning Warships from Dardanelles Great Britain Turkey Naval History World History Britannica
1810 Community of Guyandotte, Virginia (WV) Is Established Cabell County, West Virginia West Virginia Archives
1816 The Indiana Territory Receives U.S. Congressional Authorization to Form a Constitution for Statehood Indiana Government U.S. Congress Indiana Historical Society
1825 23-year-old Alexandre Dumas Fights His First Duel Alexandre Dumas Authors History Channel
1834 Kiowa Indians Record This as the Night the Stars Fell Kiowa Indians Meteors NASA
1838 The Milwaukee and Rock River Canal Is Chartered in Failed Attempt to Link Lake Michigan with Wisconsin's Rock River Wisconsin Canals Wisconsin Historical Society
1841 Lincoln Votes with Majority of the Illinois House to Incorporate City of Galesburg Galesburg, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1843 4.8 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in Northeast Arkansas Arkansas Earthquake USGS
1846 U.S. House Resolves to Cease Sharing Oregon Territory with Britain Great Britain U.S. House of Representatives Oregon History Channel
1848 West River Bridge v. Dix Is Argued Before the U.S. Supreme Court Vermont U.S. Supreme Court Bridges Oyez
1854 The First Telegraph Company in Texas Is Chartered Texas Telegraph Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1861 Star of the West Sails from NYC with Troops & Supplies for Fort Sumter, SC New York City South Carolina Naval History Ft. Sumter History Channel
Florida Militia Seize the Chattahoochee Arsenal Containing Over 50,000 Pounds of Gun Powder Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Florida Delegates Reconvene to Consider a Resolution to Secede from the United States Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1863 President Lincoln Congratulates General Rosecrans for Victory at Murfreesboro Abraham Lincoln Battle at Murfreesboro Lincoln Logs
U.S.S. Sagamore Seizes the British Blockade Runner Avenger in Florida's Jupiter Inlet Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 French Troops, Led by Castagny, Capture the City of Guadalajara, Mexico Mexico France Mexico Connect
1865 About 100 Indians Raid Cooke County, Texas, Killing Nine Settlers & Stealing Many Horses Cook County, Texas Native American Heritage Death Texas State Historical Association
1868 General George Meade Arrives in Atlanta to Direct the Reconstruction of Georgia Georgia Reconstruction University of Georgia
1869 214 Delegates Attend the First Convention of the Colored National Labor Union In Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Labor African-American Heritage Historic Firsts BigLabor.com
1881 Ohio's William B. Woods Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Ohio Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1885 Hugh O'Brien, the First Irish Immigrant Elected Mayor of Boston, Takes the Oath of Office Irish Immigrants Boston, Massachusetts Politics Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1887 An Inch of Snow Falls in Pensacola, Florida Pensacola, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1891 Henry B. Brown (MA) Sworn In As a Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Massachusetts Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1892 First Successful Photograph of an Aurora Is Made Aurora Photography NASA
1895 Jewish French Officer Alfred Is Dreyfus Condemned for Passing Military Secrets Alfred Dreyfus Crime Judaism History Channel
Henry James' Play, Guy Domville, Opens in New York, and Is a Dismal Failure Henry James Plays American Collection
1896 Austria's Wiener Presse Reports Wilhelm Roentgen's X-ray Discovery Wilhelm Roentgen Journalism Wilhelm Roentgen Radiation New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1911 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity Is Founded at Indiana University Indiana Indiana University African-American Heritage Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity African American Registry
1913 Edwin L. Norris Steps Down As Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1914 Henry Ford Boosts Minimum Wage to $5 per Day Henry Ford Labor Business & Economics New York Times History Channel
1916 First Military Conscription Bill in British History Is Introduced in the House of Commons Great Britain World War I Historic Firsts History Channel
1919 German Workers Party, Later to Be Called the Nazi Party, Is Formed in Munich Germany Nazi Germany Humanitas International
1920 Boston Red Sox Announce the Sale of Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees Babe Ruth Major League Baseball USAToday New York Times
A Seattle, Washington Streetcar Overturns, Killing 1 Passenger, Injuring 70 Seattle, Washington Transportation Death HistoryLink
1925 Nellie T. Ross (WY) Succeeds Late Husband to be First U.S. Female Governor Wyoming Nellie Ross Politics Women Historic Firsts New York Times
Justice Joseph McKenna Resigns from the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1933 Work on San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge Begins on the Marin County Side San Francisco Gold Gate Bridge Virtual Museum of San Francisco
1940 FM Radio Demonstrated for the Federal Communications Commission FCC Radio History of Technology History Channel
1941 President Roosevelt Relieves James Otto Richardson As Commander of U.S. Naval Fleet Texas Military Figures President Franklin Roosevelt World War II Naval History Texas State Historical Association
1943 Elizabeth Taylor Signs Long-term Contract with MGM Elizabeth Taylor Film Business & Economics History Channel
1944 Danish Patriot, Author & Religious Leader, Kaj Munk, Is Murdered by the Nazis Kaj Munk Plays Religious Leaders Nazi Germany Concordia
1945 Soviets Recognize Pro-Soviet Polish Provisional Government Soviet Union Poland World War II History Channel
1948 First Color Newsreel Records the Tournament of Roses Parade Broadcast Media The Rose Bowl Historic Firsts History Channel
1949 President Truman Delivers "Fair Deal" State of the Union Speech to Congress President Harry Truman The American Presidency U.S. Congress Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1952 President Truman Welcomes British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, to U.S. Great Britain Winston Churchill President Harry Truman BBC
1953 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on the Near Islands of Alaska Alaska Earthquake USGS
Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot Premieres at the Théâtre de Babylone in Paris Paris, France Samuel Beckett Playse Theater History
1957 Eisenhower Declares Middle East a Cold War Battlefield in Speech to Congress President Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency U.S. Congress The Cold War History Channel
Jackie Robinson Retires from Baseball Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame Notable African Americans University of Georgia
1959 Buddy Holly's Last Record Is Released: "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" Buddy Holly Popular Music History Channel
1963 Lerner and Loewe's Camelot Closes at the Majestic Theatre After a Run of 873 Performances. New York City Playse American Musicals Internet Broadway Database
1964 Pope Paul VI Meets Greek Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I in Jerusalem Jerusalem Religion Catholicism Concordia
1965 HOME OF THE WHOPPER Trademark Is Registered Patents & Trademarks Burger King USPTO
1968 Alexander Dubcek Is First Secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party Czech Republic Slovakia Soviet Union History Channel
1969 Soviets Launch Venera 5 to Obtain Atmospheric Information from Venus Russian Space Program Venus Case Western University
1970 Body of Murdered Mine Labor Leader, Jock Yablonski, Found in PA Farmhouse Pennsylvania Labor Crime Death History Channel
1971 United States Secret Service Is Authorized to Protect Visiting Heads of Foreign States While in U.S. U.S. Secret Service U.S. Treasury
Overtime Loss in Tennessee Ends the Harlem Globetrotters' 2,496 Game Win Streak Basketball Notable African Americans Harlem Globetrotters Official Website
1972 President Richard Nixon Orders Development of the Space Shuttle President Richard Nixon The American Presidency NASA The Space Shuttle New York Times
1976 Khmer Rouge Adopts Constitution, Renames Cambodia Democratic Kampuchea Khmer Rouge Documentation Center of Cambodia
Ten Protestant Men Dead in Northern Ireland Bus Ambush Northern Ireland Religion Terrorism BBC
1982 Federal Judge in Arkansas Strikes Down Teaching of Creationism in Schools Arkansas Education Evolution Separation of Church and State Concordia
1985 The Federal Government Transfers Ownership of the Alaska Railroad to the State of Alaska Alaska Government U.S. Government Railroads Alaska Railroad Alaska Historical Society
1987 President Reagan Undergoes Prostate Surgery at Bethesda Naval Hospital President Ronald Reagan The American Presidency Health and Fitness New York Times
1992 John Guare's Six Degrees of Separation Closes After 485 Performances New York City Playse Internet Broadway Database
1993 Washington Resumes the Death Penalty by Hanging Westley Allan Dodd Washington Capital Punishment Death HistoryLink
Tanker Carrying 85,000 Tons of Oil Runs Aground on the Shetland Islands Scotland Naval History Earth & Environmental Science BBC
1996 Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev Resigns Russia CNN
Booby-trapped Cell Phone Kills Islamic Terrorist Mastermind Yahya Ayyash War on Terrorism The Telephone Death Jewish Virtual Library
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to Present
2000 U.S. Immigration Service Rules 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez Must Return to Cuba Elian Gonzalez Human Rights/Civil Rights Child Advocacy CNN