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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In which country is January 6th celebrated as Children's Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did New Mexico become the 47th state of the United States on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Baseball Hall of Fame, what number did Phil Niekro wear on his uniform during his career as a professional baseball player? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. Who was sworn in as an associate justice of the United State Supreme Court on this date in 1896? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, in what village was Joan of Arc born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, what did Jacques Ètienne Montgolfier invent with his brother Joseph Michael? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1907 work by Kahlil Gibran (according to the Authors' Calendar)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to his biography at, in what Illinois town was Carl Sandburg born?

2. According to Latino Sports Legends, how old was Nancy Lopez when she won her first Pee-Wee Tournament? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, why did Southern farmers follow George Washington Carver's lead and begin alternating cotton with peanuts every other year?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1920 work by Carl Sandburg (according to the Authors' Calendar)
Picture of this person
Joan of Arc
Born on This Date 1412

[Int'l Joan of Arc Society]

French Patriot

Jacques Ètienne Montgolfier
Born on This Date 1745

[Centennial of Flight]


Charles Sumner
Charles Sumner
Born on This Date 1811

U.S. Congress

Carl Sandburg
Born on This Date 1878

University of Illinois

American Authors

Nancy Lopez
Born on This Date 1957


Golf Hall of Fame

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Christians: Epiphany/Feast of the Three Kings
(Celebration of visit of three kings to Bethlehem manger)
Religion Christian Resource Institute
National Bean Day
(Commemorates the ancient tradition of placing a bean in the Epiphany cake)
Food and Nutrition Food Reference
Iraq: Army Day
(celebration of creation of the Iraqi army in 01/06/1921)
AME Country Guide
Laos: Pathet Lao Day
(Celebration of Laos' ruling Pathet Lao party)
Uruguay: Children's Day
(Annual religious/secular holiday on which children receive gifts as the three kings gave gifts to the baby Jesus)
Uruguay Child Advocacy U.S. Department of State ProQuest
New Mexico: Admission Day
(Commemorates New Mexico's Admission As the 47th U.S. State: 01/06/1912)
New Mexico New Mexico Secretary of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1919 Vera Cleaver (South Dakota-born Children's Author) Vera Cleaver
1934 Don Bolognese (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Don Bolognese Primary Authors American Artists
1946 Wendelin Van Draanen (Chicago-born Children's Author) Chicago Authors KidsReads TimeforKids Writerswrite Random House
1878 Carl Sandburg (Illinois-born Pulitzer-Prize Winning Poet, Biographer) Carl Sandburg Poetry Abraham Lincoln Pulitzer Prize
1883 Khalil Gibran (Lebanese Poet) Khalil Gibran Poetry
1912 Jacques César Ellul (French Author) Jacques César Ellul Technology
1931 E.L. Doctorow (new York City-born Playwright) E. L. Doctorow Plays
1954 Anthony Minghella (English Playwright, Screenwriter) Anthony Minghella Plays Filmmakers
1751 José Campeche (Puerto Rican Artist) José Campeche Latin-American Studies
1823 Gustave Doré (French Artist) Gustave Doré
1906 Walter Battiss (South African Artist) Walter Battiss
1838 Max Bruch (German Composer) Max Bruch Composers
1920 Earl Kim (California-born Asian-American Composer) California Composers Composers Asian-American Composers
1822 Heinrich Schliemann (German Archaeologist) Heinrich Schliemann Archaeology
1833 Jacques Étienne Montgolfier (French Inventor of the Hot Air Balloon) Jacques & James Montgolfier Hot-air Balloons Inventors &  Inventions
1921 Lou Harris (Connecticut-born Statistician, Pollster) Lou Harris Statistics Politics
1799 Jedediah Smith (New York-born Western Pioneer) Jedediah Smith Westward Expansion
Business Leaders
1884 Harry Pace (Georgia-born African-American Publisher, Music Executive, Attorney) Harry Pace U.S. Government Jazz African American Business Leaders
1412 Joan of Arc (French Saint of the Roman Catholic Church) Joan of Arc Catholic Saints Religious Leaders
1827 John Calvin Brown (Tennessee-born Confederate General) John Calvin Brown American Civil War History Channel
1367 Richard II, King of England English Political and Social Leaders Richard II
1805 Charles Jones Jenkins (South Carolina-born Namesake of Jenkins County, Georgia) Charles Jones Jenkins Georgia Politicians
1811 Charles Sumner (Massachusetts-born U.S. Senator) Charles Sumner U.S. Senate Abolition
1843 John Coit Spooner (Indiana-born U.S. Senator from Wisconsin) Indiana Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
1882 Sam Rayburn (Tennessee-born Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas) Sam Rayburn Texas Political Leaders U.S. House of Representatives
1880 Tom Mix (Pennsylvania-born Cowboy Actor) Tom Mix Actors Film Westward Expansion
1913 Loretta Young (Utah-born Actress) Loretta Young Actors Television 1947 Academy Award for Best Actress in The Farmer's Daughter Emmy Awards for Best Actress in a Dramatic Series in 1954, 1956 and 1958
1914 Danny Thomas (Michigan-born Actor, Producer; Founder of St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital) Danny Thomas Actors Television St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital
1955 Rowan Atkinson (English Actor) Rowan Atkinson Actors Film
1937 Lou Holtz (West Virginia-born Football Coach) Lou Holtz Football
1957 Nancy Lopez (California-born Latin-American Member of the Golf Hall of Fame) Nancy Lopez Golf Hall of Fame Latin-Mexican American Studies
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1852 Louis Braille (French Educator; Inventor of the Braille Decoding system for the Blind) Louis Braille Blindness Inventors and Inventions
1884 Gregor Mendel (Austrian-born Founder of the Science of Genetics) Gregor Mendel Genetics Botany History of Science
1919 Theodore Roosevelt (New York-born 26th President of the United States) Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency History Channel New York Times
1921 Anderson "Devil Anse" Hatfield (West Virginia-born Clan Leader in the Hatfield-McCoy feud) Devil Anse Hatfield Notorious Americans
1929 George "Tex" Rickard (Missouri-born Boxing Promoter) George International Boxing Hall of Fame
1974 David Alfaro Siqueiros (Mexican Muralist) David Alfaro Siqueiros Artists
1993 Rudolph Nureyev (Russian Ballet Dancer) Rudolph Nureyev Ballet
Dizzy Gillespie (South Carolina-born African-American Jazz Musician) Dizzy Gillespie Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1996 Maude Kegg (Minnesota-born Native-American Bead Artist, Oral Historian, Author) Minnesota Authors Native-American Heritage American Aritsts American Authors Minnesota Historical Society
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
1066 Harold II Crowned As England's Last Anglo-Saxon King on the Death of Edward the Confessor English History British Monarchy History Channel
1169 France's Louis VII and England's Henry II Meet in Montmirail - Agree to a Peace Henry II French Political and Social Leaders European History Catholic Encyclopedia
1494 The First Roman Catholic Mass in North America Is Celebrated on Isabella Island, Haiti Haiti Catholicism Historic Firsts Concordia
1540 Spanish Explorer Coronado Is Chosen to Search for the Seven Cities of Cíbola (New Mexico) Coronado New Mexico Texas States Historical Association
King Henry VIII of England Marries His 4th Wife, Anne of Cleves English History King Henry VIII Greenwich Guide
1542 Martin Luther Writes His Last Will and Testament Martin Luther Religious Leaders Concordia
1702 French Colonists from Biloxi Begin Development of Fort Louis de la Louisiane 20 Miles Up Stream from the Mouth of the Mobile River France Alabama Biloxi, Mississippi Colonial History Forts Alabama State Archive
1759 George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis Are Married George Washington New York Times Virginia Historical Society
1773 Massachusetts Slave Petitions the Colonial Government for Increased Rights Massachusetts Slavery African-American History U.S. History PBS
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold day but fiew indians to day

Ordway: a clear cold morning. the wind high & blustry. Bratton caught a fox in a Steel trap where it had a
hole through the pickets. it had freequently come through in to the Garrison after bones where we divided meat.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Capt Clark set out after an early breakfast with the party in two canoes as had been concerted the last
evening; Charbono and his Indian woman were also of the party; the Indian woman was very impotunate to be permited to go, and was therefore indulged; she observed that she had traveled a long way with us to see the great waters, and that now that monstrous fish was also to be seen, she thought it very hard she could not be permitted to see either (she had never yet been to the Ocean).

The Clatsops, Chinnooks, Killamucks &c. are very loquacious and inquisitive; they possess good memories and have repeated to us the names capasities of the vessels &c of many traders and others who have visited the mouth of this river; they are generally low in stature, proportionably small, reather lighter complected and much more illy formed than the Indians of the Missouri and those of our frontier; they are generally cheerfull but never gay.

with us their conversation generally turns upon the subjects of trade, smoking, eating or their women; about the latter they speak without reserve in their presents, of their every part, and of the most formiliar connection. they do not hold the virtue of their women in high estimation, and will even prostitute their wives and daughters for a fishinghook or a stran of beads.

in common with other savage nations they make their women perform every species of domestic drudgery. but in almost every species of this drudgery the men also participate. their women are also compelled to geather roots, and assist them in taking fish, which articles form much the greatest part of their subsistance;

notwithstanding the survile manner in which they treat their women they pay much more rispect to their judgment and oppinions in many rispects than most indian nations; their women are permitted to speak freely before them, and sometimes appear to command with a tone of authority; they generally consult them in their traffic and act in conformity to their opinions.

I think it may be established as a general maxim that those nations treat their old people and women with most deference and rispect where they subsist principally on such articles that these can participate with the men in obtaining them; and that, that part of the community are treated with least attention, when the act of procuring subsistence devolves intirely on the men in the vigor of life.

It appears to me that nature has been much more deficient in her filial tie than in any other of the strong affections of the human heart, and therefore think, our old men equally with our women indebted to civilization for their ease and comfort. Among the Siouxs, Assinniboins and others on the Missouri who subsist by hunting it is a custom when a person of either sex becomes so old and infurm that they are unable to travel on foot from camp to camp as they
rome in surch of subsistance, for the children or near relations of such person to leave them without compunction or remose; on those occasions they usually place within their reach a small peace of meat and a platter of water, telling the poor old superannuated wretch for his consolation, that he or she had lived long enough, that it was time they should dye and go to their relations who can afford to take care of them much better than they could.

I am informed that this custom prevails even among the Minetares Arwerharmays and Recares when attended by
their old people on their hunting excurtions; but in justice to these people I must observe that it appeared to me at their villages, that they provided tolerably well for their ages persons, and several of their feasts appear to have principally for their object a contribution for their aged and infirm persons.

This day I overhalled our merchandize and dryed it by the fire, found it all damp; we have not been able to keep anything dry for many days together since we arrived in this neighbourhood, the humidity of the air has been so excessively great. our merchandize is reduced to a mear handfull, and our comfort during our return the next year much depends on it, it is therefore almost unnecessary to add that we much regret the reduced state of this fund.—

Clark: The last evening Shabono and his Indian woman was very impatient to be permitted to go with me, and was therefore indulged; She observed that She had traveled a long way with us to See the great waters, and that now that monstrous fish was also to be Seen, She thought it verry hard that She Could not be permitted to See either (She
had never yet been to the Ocian).

after an early brackfast I Set out with two Canoes down the Ne tel R into Meriwether Bay with a view to proced on to the Clatsop town, and hire a guide to conduct me through the Creeks which I had every reason to beleeve Comunicated both with the Bay and a Small river near to which our men were making Salt.

Soon after I arrived in the Bay the wind Sprung up from the N. W and blew So hard and raised the waves so high that we were obliged to put into a Small Creek Short of the Village. finding I could not proceed on to the Village in Safty, I determined to assend this Creek as high as the Canoes would go; which from its directions must be near the open lands in which I had been on the 10th., and leave the canoes and proceed on by land.

at the distance of about 3 miles up this Creek I observed Some high open land, at which place a road Set out and had
every appearance of a portage, here I landed drew up the Canoes and Set out by land, proceeded on through 3 deep Slashes to a pond about a mile in length and 200 yards wide, kept up this pond leaving it to the right, and passing
the head to a Creek which we Could not Cross, this Creek is the one which I rafted on the 8th & 9: and at no great distance from where I crossed in Cus ca lars Canoe on the 10th ulto. to which place I expected a find a canoe, we proceeded on and found a Small canoe at the place I expected, calculated to Carry 3 men,

we crossed and from the top of a ridge in the Prarie we Saw a large gange of Elk feeding about 2 miles below on our direction. I divided the party So as to be Certain of an elk, Several Shot were fired only one Elk fell, I had this Elk butchered and carried to a Creak in advance at which place I intended to encamp, two other Elk were badly Shot,
but as it was nearly dark we Could not pursue them,

we proceeded on to the forks of the Creek which we had just Crossed turning around to the S W. and meeting one of equal Size from the South, the two makeing a little river 70 yards wide which falls into the Ocian near the 3 Clat sop houses whcih I visited on the 9th. in the forks of this Creek we found Some drift pine which had been left on the
Shore by the tide of which we made fires.

the evening a butifull Clear moon Shiney night, and he 1st fair night which we have had for 2 months

Gass: We had a fair morning and the weather cleared up, after two months of rain, except 4 days. We therefore set
out from these lodges; passed the mouth of a considerable river; went about two miles up the shore, and found our salt makers at work. Two of their detachment had set out for the fort on the 4th and the man that had come with me and two more went to hunt.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1832 William Lloyd Garrison Founds New England Anti-Slavery Society in Boston's African Meeting House Boston Slavery African -American History Museum of Afro-American History National Park Service
1838 An Improved Morse Telegraph Is Demonstrated in Morristown, New Jersey New Jersey Samuel F.B. Morse The Telegraph Smithsonian Institution
1851 Sebastian County, Arkansas Is Created Sebastian County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1855 Magnolia, Arkansas Is Incorporated Magnolia, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1857 The City of Madison, Wisconsin Purchases Approximately 80 Acres to Construct Forest Hill Cemetery Forest Hill Cemetery Economics Death Wisconsin Historical Society
Arkadelphia, Arkansas Is Incorporated Arkadelphia, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1863 U.S.S. Pocahontas Captures the Blockade Runner Antona off Cape San Blas, Florida Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
U.S.S. Ariel Captures Blockade Runner Sloop Good Luck Near Key Biscayne Bay, Florida Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
The California Legislature Convenes for the First Time, Expressing Its Support for the Emancipation Proclamation and the Union California Government Emancipation Proclamation American Civil War Historic Firsts Learn California
1864 President Lincoln Sends Congratulations to King of Portugal on Birth of His Son Portugal Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Receives 50 Engraved and Lithographed Copies of Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Writes Governor of Kentucky About Troop Movement from KY to TN Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1865 General Grant Requests Lincoln Immediately Remove General Butler from Command Ulysses S. Grant Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1869 Classes Begin at Howard University Law School Law & Legal Resources Education African-American History Howard University
Rhode Island-born Henry P. Baldwin Is Inaugurated as Governor of Michigan Rhode Island Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders State of Michigan
1874 In Alaska, the Unalaska Post Office Is First Established Unalaska, Alaska U.S. Postal Service Alaska Historical Society
1886 The Citizens' Hose Fire Company, No. 1, Is Organized in Smyrna, Delaware Smyrna, Delaware Fire State of Delaware
1887 The Oregon Pacific Railroad Company Dedicates Its Bridge over the Willamette River at Albany Albany, Oregon Railroads Bridge Rivers
1890 David J. Brewer Is Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1893 Great Northern Railroad Track Is Completed, Opening Transcontinental Travel to Seattle Washington Railroad History Link
1895 The First Sunday Edition of the Tampa Tribune Is Published Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Tampa Tribune Florida Historical Society
1896 New York's Rufus Peckham Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court New York Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1906 France Begins the Legal Separation of Church and State France Religious Leaders Concordia
1907 Maria Montessori Opens Her First School in Rome, Italy Maria Montessori Education Summit Montessori School
1912 U.S. President William Howard Taft Signs Proclamation Admitting New Mexico into the Union as the 47th State New Mexico President William Howard Taft United States History History Channel New Mexico Magazine
1913 Samuel W. Stewart Is Inaugurated as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1921 Janesville, Wisconsin's Federation of Women Decide to "Censor" Movies and Vaudeville in the City Janesville, Wisconsin Women Stage & Theater Film Wisconsin Historical Society
1924 In Pipestone, Minnesota, the Temperature Rises from -32 Degrees to 41 Degrees Above Zero Pipestone, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1925 George Washington Carver Is Granted Patent #1,522,176 for Cosmetics George Washington Carver Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks African-American History U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Finland's Paavo Nurmi Sets World Indoor Records for 5000m and the Mile, One Hour Apart Finnish Sports Figures Track and Field History Channel
1938 In Corydon, Indiana, a Bronze Tablet Is Placed at the Base of the Memorial for the Constitution Elm, Which had Died in 1925 Corydon, Indiana Elm Trees Indiana Historical Society
1941 Franklin Roosevelt Delivers His "Four Freedoms" Speech to Congress Four Freedoms Speech U.S. Congress World War II
Samuel C. Ford Succeeds Roy E. Ayers as Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1942 FDR Commits to Production of 45,000 Aircraft & 45,000 Tanks within a Year President Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
Pan Am Aircraft Completes the First Commercial Round-the-world Trip Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1945 21-year-old Navy Pilot George Bush Marries 20-year-old Barbara Pierce President George Bush The American Presidency World War II Library of Congress
1948 Edith De Voe Sworn In As First African-American Member of the Regular Navy Nurse Corps American Military Leaders Health Care Professionals African American Military Leaders Women Historic Firsts African American Registry
The Premiere of "Treasure of Sierra Madre" Is Held Film Humphrey Bogart Internet Movie Database
1950 Great Britain Recognizes the Government of Communist China China Great Britain New York Times
1957 In His State of the Union Speech, President Eisenhower Notes the Importance of Missile Systems President Eisnehower Nuclear Weapons The Cold War NASA
1961 Federal Judge Orders University of Georgia to Begin Admitting African-American Students Georgia Education African American Heritage Historic Firsts University of Georgia University of Georgia
1966 Harold R Perry Becomes Second African-American Roman Catholic Bishop Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Catholicism African American Political and Social Leaders Catholic Hierarchy
1968 350 San Francisco State University Faculty Go on Strike San Francisco Education Labor U.S. Civil Rights Movement San Francisco State University
1973 Hitler's Mercedes-Benz 770K Sedan Parade Car Auctioned for $153,000 Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany Mercedes History Channel
Forrest H. Anderson Is Inaugurated As Governor of Montana Montana History Buff
1976 Ted Turner Buys the Atlanta Braves from the Atlanta LaSalle Corp for $11M Ted Turner Major League Baseball Baseball Business & Corporations University of Georgia
1983 U.S. Federal Tax on Gasoline Is Increased to Provide Funding for Roads and Bridges Automotives Taxes EconEdLink
1984 Robert N.C. Nix of Pennsylvania Is Inaugurated as the First African-American Chief Justice of Any State Supreme Court Pennsylvania Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts African American Political and Social Leaders Pennsylvania Supreme Court
1985 A Pensacola, Florida Abortion Clinic Is Bombed Florida Abortion Terrorism Florida Historical Society
1994 Attacker Clubs the Knee of Olympic Ice Skating Hopeful Nancy Kerrigan Nancy Kerrigan Ice Skating Crime 1994 Winter Olympics Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
President Clinton's Mother, Virginia Kelley, Dies in Hot Springs, AR Arkansas President Bill Clinton Death CNN
1995 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Injures 29 in Honshu, Japan Japan Earthquake USGS
1997 Knuckleball Pitcher Phil Niekro Is Elected to the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame Ohio Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame University of Georgia
2001 Congress Certifies George W. Bush Winner of 2000 Presidential Election U.S. Congress George W. Bush 2000 Presidential Election U.S. History History Channel