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JANUARY 8

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Louisiana
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Who defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans on this date in 1815? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In which city was a statue of Andrew Jackson dedicated on this date in 1853? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Houghton Mifflin, what is the title of the first book illustrated by Floyd Cooper? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:
PAN HEMS TENSE
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who was inaugurated as the President of France on this date in 1959? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to his University of Missouri biography, where was John Neihardt born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Web Museum, what is another name for the Mona Lisa? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Floyd Cooper (according to Houghton Mifflin)
I FED HUT BOSS FALL LORE

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According the Nobel Foundation, Emily Greene Balch was a member of the first graduating class at what college?

2. According to St. Andrews University, in what year was Stephen Hawking diagnosed with Lou Gehrig's disease?

3. According to the History Channel, on what date did Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" become the #1 record?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1857 work by Wilkie Collins (according to Authors' Calendar)
DEE TRADE CHEST
 
 
Picture of Emily Balch
Emily Balch
Born on This Date 1867

[Nobel Foundation]

The 1946 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Picture of John Neihardt
John Neihardt
Born on This Date 1881

[Neihardt Resource Center]

Icon for Poetry

Picture of Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
Born on This Date 1942

[University of Virginia]

Icon for Cosmology

Picture of Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
Born on This Date 1935



Icon for Popular Musicians

Picture
Floyd Cooper
Born on This Date 1955

[Random House]

Icon for Primary Children's Authors

 
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Northern Mariana Islands: Commonwealth Day
(National Day observed in commemoration of the enactment of the commonwealth constitution: 1978)
Northern Mariana Islands CIA
Thailand: Children's Day
(Celebrated annually on this date with parades and parties)
Thailand Child Advocacy BBC
Louisiana: Jackson Day
(Commemoration of Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans: 1/8/1815)
New Orleans Andrew Jackson Battle of New Orleans
Calendar
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1921 Lee J. Ames (New York City-born Artist, Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors and Illustrators American Artists
1945 Nancy Bond (Maryland-born Children's Author) Nancy Bond Young-adult Authors
1949 Stephen Manes (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Young-adult Authors Computers Bill Gates
1956 Floyd Cooper (Oklahoma-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Floyd Cooper American Artists Primary Non-Fiction Titles Famous African Americans
Authors Born on this Date
1850 Wilkie Collins (English Novelist) Wilkie Collins
1862 Frank Doubleday (New York City-born Publisher) Frank Doubleday
1881 John Neihardt (Illinois-born Poet, Novelist: Author of Black Elk Speaks) John Neihardt Poetry Native American Studies U.S. History
1891 Storm Jameson (English Novelist) Storm Jameson
1927 Charles Tomlinson (English Poet) Charles Tomlinson English Poet
1933 Charles Osgood (New York City-born Broadcast Journalist, Author) Charles Osgood Journalism Television
Artists, Architects and Designers
1904 Peter Arno (New York City-born Cartoonist) New York City Artists New Yorker Magazine
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1792 Lowell Mason (Massachusetts-born Religious Music Composer: "Near My God to Thee") Lowell Mason Religion American Composers Concordia
1830 Hans von Bulow (German Pianist and Conductor) German Performing Artists Classical Musicians
1919 Nana Gollner (Texas-born Prima Ballerina) Texas Performing Artists Ballet Texas State Historical Association
1937 Robert Moran (Colorado-born Composer) Colorado Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1587 Johannes Fabricius (German Astronomer: First to Report Observations of Sunspots) Dutch Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy The Sun Connexions
1823 Alfred Russel Wallace (English Naturalist Who Developed the Concept of Evolution Independently of Darwin) English Scientists & Mathematicians Evolution
1868 Frank Dyson (English Astronomer) English Scientists & Mathematicians Astronomy Light Albert Einstein Greenwich Guide
1891 Walter Bothe (German-born 1954 Nobel Laureate for Physics) German Scientists & Mathematicians Physics 1954 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1902 Carl Rogers (Illinois-born Psychotherapist Who Originated Person-centered, non-Directive Counseling.) Illinois Scientists & Mathematicians Psychology
1923 Joseph Weizenbaum (German-born American Computer Scientist Who Developed ELIZA - First Program Capable of Simple Conversations in English) German Scientists & Mathematicians Computer Technology Technology and Society
1942 Stephen Hawking (English Theoretical Physicist) Stephen Hawking Physics Space and Cosmology Special Needs Education
Business Leaders
1786 Nicholas Biddle (Pennsylvania-born President of the Second Bank of the United States") Pennsylvania-born Business Leaders Financial Institutions
1831 John Pemberton (Georgia-born Pharmacist Who Developed the Formula for Coca-Cola) Georgia Business Leaders Coca-Cola New Georgia Encycloepdia
1881 William Piper (New York-born Founder of Piper Aircraft) New York-born Business Leaders Aviation Piper Aircraft
Military Leaders
1821 James Longstreet (South Carolina-born Confederate General) James Longstreet The American Civil War
1827 James Holt Clanton (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures The American Civil War University of Georgia
1735 John Carroll (Maryland-born Religious Leader: First Roman Catholic Bishop in the United States) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholicism
Political and Social Leaders
1867 Emily Greene Balch (Massachusetts-born 1946 Laureate of Nobel Peace Prize) Emily Greene Balch The Quakers 1946 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
1885 John Curtain (Prime Minister of Australia) Australiam Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1912 José Ferrer (Puerto Rican Actor, Director, Producer) José Ferrer Actors Filmmaker Latin-American Performing Artists
1923 Larry Storch (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television
1926 Soupy Sales (North Carolina-born Comedian) North Carolina Performing Artists Actors Television Biography.com Internet Movie Database
1928 Sander Vanocur (Ohio-born Broadcast Journalist) Ohio Television Journalism Internet Movie Database
1935 Elvis Presley (Mississippi-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Elvis Presley Rock and Roll Hall of  Fame
1937 Shirley Bassey (Welsh Popular Singer: Goldfinger) Shirley Bassey Popular Musicians
1940 Henry Hampton (Missouri-born African-American Filmmaker) Missouri Performing Artists Filmmakers African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1947 David Bowie (English-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) David Bowie Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1981 Lauren Hewett (Australian Actress) Lauren Hewett Actors Film
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1198 Pope Celestine III (Roman Catholic Pope) Catholic Popes
1642 Galileo Galilei (Italian Scientist Among the First to Use Empirical Investigations to Test Scientific Theories) Galileo Galilei Astronomy Concordia
1825 Eli Whitney (Massachusetts-born Inventor of the Cotton Gin) Eli Whitney Inventors and Inventions
1976 Zhou Enlai (Chinese Communist Leader and Premier of the People's Republic of China) Zhou Enlai
1978 Richard Turner (South African Rights Activist: Assassinated) South African Political and Social Leaders Human Rights, Civil Rights Death South African History
1990 Sara Dodge Kimbrough (New York City-born Portrait Painter, Art Teacher, Author) New York City Artists American Artists Education American Authors
1996 Francois Mitterrand (Former President of France) Francois Mitterrand
2002 Dave Thomas (New Jersey-born Founder of Wendy's Restaurants) New Jersey Business Leaders Wendy's
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794 Danish Vikings Attack Lindisfarne Island off the North-East Coast of England Lindisfarne Island Denmark War European History Historic UK
Historic Events of the 1100s that Occurred on this Date
1198 Italian Cardinal Lotario di Segni Is Elected Pope, Taking the Name of Innocent III Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Concordia
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1438 Catholics Convene the Council of Florence to Develop Plan to Save Constantinople from the Turks Istanbul Islam Catholicism Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that occurred on this date
1734 The Purrysburg Sails from Dover, England Carrying First 73 Salzburger Immigrants to Georgia England Austria Georgia Colonial Georgia Immigration University of Georgia
1783 Connecticut Is the First State to Pass Copyright Law Connecticut Copyright Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts USPTO
1790 George Washington Delivers the First "State of the Union" Address George Washington The American Presidency Historic Documents and Speeches Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1802 The Northwest Territorial Legislature Approves a Charter for Ohio University Ohio Education Education Ohio University Ohio Historical Society
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Our meat is begining to become scarse; sent Drewyer and Collins to hunt this morning.

the guard duty being hard on the men who now remain in the fort I have for their relief since the departure of Capt. Clark made the Cooks mount guard. Sergt. Gass and Shannon have not yet returned, nor can I immajen what is the cause of their detention. In consequence of the clouds this evening I lost my P. M. observation for Equal Altitudes,and from the same cause have not been able to take a single observation since we have been at this place.

nothing extraordinary happened today.

The Clatsops Chinnooks and others inhabiting the coast and country in this neighbourhood, are excessively fond of smoking tobacco. in the act of smoking they appear to swallow it as they dran it from the pipe, and for many draughts together you will not perceive the smoke which they take from the pipe; in the same manner also they inhale it in their lungs untill they become surcharged with this vapour when they puff it out to a great distance through their nostils and mouth; I have no doubt the smoke of the tobacco in this manner becomes much more intoxicating and that they do possess themselves of all it's virtues in their fullest extent; they freequently give us sounding proofs of it's creating a dismorallity of order in the abdomen, nor are those light matters thought indelicate in either sex, but all take the liberty of obeying the dictates of nature without reserve.

these people do not appear to know the uce of sperituous liquors, they never having once asked us for it; I presume therefore that the traders who visit them have never indulged them with the uce of it; from what ever cause this may proceede, it is a very fortunate occurrence, as well for the natives themselves, as for the quiet and safety of thos whites who visit them.


Clark: The last night proved fair and Cold wind hard from the S. E.

we Set out early and proceeded to the top of the mountain next to the which is much the highest part and that part faceing the Sea is open, from this point I beheld the grandest and most pleasing prospects which my eyes ever surveyed, in my frount a boundless Ocean; to the N. and N. E. the coast as as far as my sight Could be extended, the Seas rageing with emence wave and brakeing with great force from the rocks of Cape Disapointment as far as I could See to the N. W. The Clatsops Chinnooks and other villagers on each Side of the Columbia river and in the Praries below me, the meanderings of 3 handsom Streams heading in Small lakes at the foot the high Country; The Columbia River for a Some distance up, with its Bays and Small rivers and on the other Side I have a view of the Coast for an emence distance to the S. E. by S.

the nitches and points of high land which forms this Corse for a long ways aded to the inoumerable rocks of emence Sise out at a great distance from the Shore and against which the Seas brak with great force gives this Coast a most romantic appearance.

from this point of View my guide pointed to a village at the mouth fo a Small river near which place he Said the whale was, he also pointed to 4 other places where the princpal Villages of the Kil la mox were Situated, I could plainly See the houses of 2 of those Villeges & the Smoke of a 3rd which was two far of for me to disern with my naked eye—

after taking the Courses and computed the Distances in my own mind, I proceeded on down a Steep decent to a Single house the remains of an old Kil a mox Town in a nitch imediately on the Sea Coast, at which place great no. of eregular rocks are out and the waves comes in with great force.

Near this old Town I observed large Canoes of the neetest kind on the ground Some of which appeared nearly decayed others quit Sound, I examoned those Canoes and found they were the repository of the dead— This Custom of Secureing the Dead differs a little from the Chinnooks.

the Kil a mox Secure the dead bdies in an oblong box of Plank, which is placed in an open Canoe resting on the ground, in which is put a paddle and Sundery other articles the property of the disceased. The Coast in the neighbourhood of this old village is slipping from the Sides of the high hills, in emence masses; fifty or a hundred acres at a time give way and a great proportion of an instant precipitated into the Ocean. those hills and mountains are principally composed of a yellow Clay; their Slipping off or Spliting assunder at this time is no doubt Caused by the incessant rains which has fallen within the last two months.

the mountains Covered with a verry heavy Croth of pine & furr, also the white Cedar or arbor vita and a Small proportion of the black alder, this alder grows to the hight of Sixty or Seventy feet and from 2 to 3 feet in diamiter. Some Speies of pine on the top of the Point of View rise to the emmence hight of 210 feet and from 8 to 12 feet in diameter, and are perfectly Sound and Solid.

Wind hard from the S. E and See looked in the after part of the Day breaking with great force against the Scattering rocks at Some distance from Shore, and the ruged rockey points under which we were obleged to pass and if we had unfortunately made one false Stet we Should eneviateably have fallen into the Sea and dashed against the rocks in an instant,

fortunately we passed over 3 of those dismal points and arived on a butifull Sand Shore on which we Continued for 2 miles, Crossed a Creek 80 yards near 5 Cabins, andproceeded to the place the whale had perished, found only the Skelleton of this monster on the Sand between 2 of the villages of the Kil a mox nation;

the Whale was already pillaged of every valuable part by the Kil a mox Inds. in the vecinity of whose village's it lay on the Strand where the waves and tide had driven up & left it. this Skeleton measured 105 feet.

I returned to the village of 5 Cabins on the Creek which I shall call E co-la or whale Creek, found the nativs busily engaged boiling the blubber, which they performed in a large Squar wooden trought by means of hot Stones; the oil when extracted was Secured in bladders and the Guts of the whale; the blubber from which the oil was only partially extracted by this process, was laid by in their Cabins in large flickes for use;

those flickes they usially expose to the fire on a wooden Spit untill it is prutty well wormed through and then eate it either alone or with roots of the rush, Shaw na tâk we or diped in the oil. The Kil a mox although they possessed a large quantities of this blubber and oil were so prenurious that they disposed of it with great reluctiance and in Small quantities only; insomuch that my utmost exertion aided by the party with the Small Stock of merchindize I had taken with me were not able to precure more blubber than about 300 wt. and a fiew gallons of oil;

Small as this Stock is I prise it highly; and thank providence for directing the whale to us; and think him much more kind to us than he was to jonah, having Sent this monster to be Swallowed by us in Sted of Swallowing of us as jonah's did.

I recrossed E co la Creek and Encamped on the bank at which place we observed an ebundance of fine wood

the Indian men followed me for the purpose of Smokeing. I enquired of those people as well as I could by Signs the Situation, mode of liveing & Strength of their nation They informed me that the bulk of their nation lived in 3 large villages Still further along the Sea coast to the S, S, W. at the enterencen of 3 Creek which fell into a bay, and that other houses were Scattered about on the Coast, Bay and on a Small river which fell into the Bay in which they Cought Salmon, and from this Creek (which I call Kil a mox River) they crossed over to the Wappato I. on the Shock-ah-lil com (which is the Indian name for the Columbia river) and purchased Wappato &c. that the nation was once verry large and that they had a great maney houses,

In Salmon Season they Cought great numbers of that fish in the Small Creeks, when the Salmon was Scerce they found Sturgion and a variety of other fish thrown up by the waves and left by the tide which was verry fine,

Elk was plenty in the mountains, but they Could not Kill maney of them with their arrows. The Kil â mox in their habits Customs manners dress & language differ but little from the Clatsops, Chinnooks and others in this neighbourhood are of the Same form of those of the Clatsops with a Dore at each end & two fire places i, e the house is double as long as wide and divided into 2 equal parts with a post in the middle Supporting the ridge pole, and in the middle of each of those divisions they make their fires, dores Small & houses Sunk 5 feet

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 Delaware's Governor, Nathaniel Mitchell, Calls for the General Assembly to Restrict the Property Ownership Rights for African Americans Delaware Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1811 Charles Deslondes Leads Slaves in a Rebellion West of New Orleans along Louisiana's "German Coast" Louisiana Slavery John Horse African American Registry
1815 Andrew Jackson Defeats the British at Battle of New Orleans Battle of New Orleans New Orleans War of 1812 Library of Congress History Channel
1821 Creek and U.S. Representatives Sign Treaty of Indian Springs Extending Georgia's Boundaries Beyond the Ocmulgee River Treaty of Indian Springs Creek Indians Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1831 Daily Mail Starts Arriving in Detroit, Michigan from the East Detroit, Michigan USPS Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1838 Michigan's Governor Orders Militia to Prevent Rebels from Using the State as a Base for an Attack on Canada Canada Michigan Michigan Historical Society
1848 Holmes County Is Established as Florida's 27th County - Named from Holmes Creek Along Its Eastern Boundary Holmes County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1849 Events of the Italian Revolution Force Pope Pius IX to Flee to Gaeta on the Italian Coast Italy Pope Pius IX Revolts and Revolutionaries Concordia
1851 Jean Foucault Proves the Earth Rotates on Its Axis Jean Foucault Earth Science Physics
1853 Statue of Andrew Jackson Is Dedicated in Washington, D.C. Andrew Jackson Washington, D.C. National Park Service
Sumter County Is Created as Florida's 29th County - Named in Honor of Revolutionary War General Thomas Sumter Holmes County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1861 Florida's Governor Orders Seizure of Federal Forts at Amelia Island and Pensacola Florida American Civil War Forts Florida Historical Society
1863 In Sacramento, California, a Groundbreaking Ceremony Is Held for the First Transcontinental Railroad Sacramento, California Railroads PBS
Unions Ships Capture Two Blockade Runners and Take on Ground Fire Along the Florida Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Writes That the Emancipation Proclamation Has Been Issued and "broken eggs can not be mended." President Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation American Civil War Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Proclaims Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation with Republic of Bolivia Bolivia President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1864 President Lincoln Sends to the Senate a Treaty with the Chippewa Indians U.S. Senate President Abraham Lincoln Chippewa Indians Lincoln Logs
In Arkansas, Union Troops Hang a 17-year-old Confederate Spy From Texas Arkansas Notorious Texans American Civil War Texas State Historical Association Arkansas History Commission
1865 Kickapoos Rout Texas Confederates Troops in the Battle of Dove Creek Texas Kickapoo Indians American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1867 Congressional Approval of Voting Rights for African-American Men in the District of Columbia Is First in the U.S. U.S. Congress Washington, D.C. Voting Rights African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel
1875 Centralia (Centerville), Washington Is Founded Centralia, Washington History Link
1877 Crazy Horse Is Soundly Defeated in His Final Battle in Montana Montana Crazy Horse History Channel
1880 Henrik Ibsen's "A Dolls House" Premieres at the Royal Theatre in Stockholm Sweden Henrik Ibsen Plays Historic Firsts Theater History
Coal Hill, Arkansas Is Incorporated Coal Hill, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1884 Texas State Legislature Makes Fence Cutting a Felony Punishable by 1-5 Years in Prison Texas Westward Expansion Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1889 Herman Hollerith Patents the First Electronic Tabulating Machine New York Mathemaiticans and Scientists Inventors and Inventions History of Technology Patents and Trademarks
1894 Fire Seriously Damages Chicago's Columbian Exposition Chicago Fire Safety University of Chicago
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 56 Die When the SS Clallam Founders in Washington's Strait of Juan de Fuca Washington Naval History Death History Link
The Seattle Neighborhood Community of Georgetown Is Incorporated Georgetown History Link
1908 10 of 37 Aboard Die When the Alaskan Codfishing Schooner John F. Miller Wrecks Alaska Naval History Labor Death Alaska Historical Society
1910 In Janesville, Wisconsin, 228 Vagrant Snow Shovelers Go On Strike Against the Railroad for More Money and Better Food Janesville, Wisconsin Labor Strike Snow Railroad Wisconsin Historical Society
1912 South African Native National Congress Is Formed in Bloemfontein ANC South African History African American Registry
1914 Mrs. L. A. Whitney Is the First Woman to Fly Aboard a Scheduled Airline (St. Petersburg to Tampa) Florida Aviation History Women Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1916 Allies Withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula The Battle of the Gallipoli Peninsula History Channel
The Seattle Coliseum Opens Seattle, Washington History Link
1918 Woodrow Wilson Proposes His Fourteen Points President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points World War I World History History Channel New York Times
1923 The First Radio Broadcast of a Live Opera in England Is Mozart's "The Magic Flute" via the BBC from London London, England Wolfgang Mozart Radio Opera Historic Firsts BBC American Public Media
1924 In Minnesota, Six Die When a Car Crashes through the Ice on Lake Andrews, near Alexandria Alexandria, Minnesota Automotives Water Death Minnesota Historical Society
1934 The U.S. Supreme Court Upholds a Minnesota Law Placing a Moratorium on Mortgages During the Great Depression Minnesota Government U.S. Supreme Court Housing Great Depression Law and Legal Resources Minnesota Historical Society
1935 A.C. Hardy Patents the Spectrophotometer Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Spectroscopy History of Technology Patents and Trademarks
1937 3 Die When Seattle Streetcar Falls from Trestle Seattle, Washington Transportation Death History Link
1940 Mussolini Questions Hitler's Plans to Wage War with Great Britain Benito Mussolini Great Britain Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
1941 William Randolph Hearst Orders Hearst Newspapers Not to Accept Ads for Orson Welles' Citizen Kane Journalism Citizen Kane Hearst Corporation History Channel
1943 Fire in West Virginia's Pursglove No. 15 Coal Mine Kills 13 West Virginia Labor Fire Death West Virginia State Archive
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 University of Kentucky Basketball Team Loses First Home Game in 12 Years Kentucky Basketball University of Kentucky New York Times
1959 Charles de Gaulle Is Inaugurated as President of France Charles de Gaulle BBC
1961 French Vote in Referendum to Grant Independence to Algeria Algeria France Voting BBC
1962 daVinci's Mona Lisa Is Displayed in U.S. for First Time Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa History Channel
1964 Lyndon Johnson Declares War on Poverty Lyndon Johnson U.S. Presidency New York Times
1966 Rock and Roll TV Variety Show Shindig! on ABC Airs Its Last Episode ABC Television Popular Music Internet Movie Database History Channel
1969 81 Cubans Shoot Their Way Past Cuban Guards Seeking Asylum at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Cuba Cuban Immigrants Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Florida Historical Society
1971 President Richard Nixon Signs a Law Creating Voyageurs National Park Minnesota Parks President Richard Nixon Law and Legal Resources Voyageurs National Park Minnesota Historical Society
1973 U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger and Hanoi's Le Duc Tho Resume Vietnam Peace Talks in Paris Paris Vietnam War History Channel
1976 E.L. Doctorow's Ragtime Wins the National Book Critics Circle Award E.L. Doctorow American Authors National Book Critics Circle History Channel
1978 South African Rights Activist, Richard Turner, Is Assassinated in His Home South African Political and Social Leaders Human Rights, Civil Rights Death South African History
1979 Khmer Rouge Troops Flee Cambodia After Being Crushed by Vietnamese-led Rebels Khmer Rouge Vietnam BBC
1981 Linda Ronstadt Opens on Broadway in Pirates of Penzance New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1982 AT&T Settles Antitrust Lawsuit by Agreeing to Break Up into 22 Bell System Companies. Businesses & Corporations Anti-trust Law AT&T New York Times
1984 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Two in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
1987 Dow Jones Industrial Average First Tops 2000 Markets and Investments Historic Firsts New York Times
1989 Plane Crash onto an English Motorway Kills 46 England Air Disasters Death BBC
1991 Rod Carew Is Elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame with a .328 Lifetime Batting Average Panamnian Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Minnesota Historical Society
1992 President George Bush Collapses at State Dinner in Tokyo Japan George Bush The American Presidency New York Times
1993 U.S. Postal Service Issues Elvis Presley Stamp Elvis Presley U.S. Postal Service History Channel
1994 Tonya Harding Wins U.S. Figure Skating Championship Two Days After Her Friends Eliminate Her Leading Competitor Figure Skating Notorious Americans Washington Post
1998 New York World Trade Center Bomber Is Sentenced to Life in Prison New York World Trade Center Terrorism CNN
Historic Events on this date 2000 to present
2001 Former Louisiana Governor Edwin Edwards Is Sentenced to 10 Years in Prison for Extortion Louisiana The Law and Legal Resources Crime CNN
Federal Government Imposes New Sanctions to Protect the Chinook Salmon in Washington's Puget Sound Washington U.S. Government Law and Legal Resources Chinook Salmon History Link