National Human Trafficking Awareness Day
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which U.S. President gave his farewell address to the nation on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who discovered the first moon of Uranus on this date in 1787? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the United States Congress, in what year did Alexander Hamilton immigrate to the United States? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Mary Rodgers:

1. Who is commemorated on this date each year as the "Father of Modern Nepal"? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame, what organization was founded by Alice Paul in 1913? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Internet Broadway Database, what was the title of the musical comedy that opened on Broadway Nov 25, 1959, with music written by Mary Rodgers? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Toni Morrison (according to the History Channel):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, what group did Eugenio María de Hostos join while living in New York City in 1869?

2. According to Britannica, what two electric devices did Lorens Hammond invent in addition to the Hammond organ?

3. According to the History Channel, in what year did Toni Morrison publish her first novel?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Alan Paton (according to Authors' Calendar ):
Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Born on This Date 1755

[U.S. Army]

U.S. Government

Eugenio María de Hostos
Eugenio María de Hostos
Born on This Date 1892


Hispanic Political & Social Leaders

Alice Paul
Alice Paul
Born on This Date 1885


Women's Rights

Laurens Hammond
Laurens Hammond
Born on This Date 1895

[Hammond Zone]


Mary Rodgers
Mary Rodgers
Born on This Date 1931


Young-adult Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Bhutan: Traditional Day of Offering Bhután Bank Holidays
Morocco: Independence Manifesto Day
(Commemoration of the publication of a Moroccan independence manifesto: 01/11/1944)
Morocco Manifesto of Indpendence U.S. Department of State
Nepal: Prithvi Jayanti/National Unity Day
(Commemorates the birth of King Prithvi Narayan Shah the Great, the father of modern Nepal)
Puerto Rico: de Hostos' Birthday
(Commemorates the birth date of patriot and philosopher, Eugenio María de Hostos: 01/11/1839)
Eugenio María de Hostos Puerto Rico Convention Bureau
United States: National Human Trafficking Awareness Day
(Observed on this date annually as per a 06/22/2007 resolution of the U.S. Congress to elevate awareness of modern human slavery and trafficking )
National Human Trafficking Awareness Day Human Rights/Civil Rights
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1870 Alice Caldwell Hegan Rice (Kentucky-born Children's Author) Alice (Caldwell) Hegan Rice Young-adult Authors
1918 Robert C. O'Brien (New York City-born Children's Author) Robert C. O'Brien Young-adult Authors
Ann Tompert (Detroit-born Children's Author) Ann Tompert Young-adult Authors
1928 Berniece Rabe (Missouri-born Children's Author) Berniece Rabe Young-adult Authors
1931 Mary Rodgers (Guettel) (New York-born Children's Author; Daughter of Composer Richard Rogers) Mary Rodgers Young-adult Authors American Composers and Songwriters
1949 Steven Otfinoski (New York City-born Children's Author) Steven Otfinoski Young-adult Authors
1952 Alice Mead (New York-born Children's Author) Alice Mead Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1842 William James (New York-born Philosopher, Psychologist) Williams James Psychology Philosophy
James Smithee (Arkansas-born Journalist, Publisher) Arkansas Authors Journalism Arkansas History Commission
1864 Thomas Dixon (North Carolina White Supremacist Author of The Clansman) Thomas Dixon Racism
1903 Alan Paton (South African Writer, Political Activist) Alan Paton
1925 William Styron (Virginia-born Author: 1968 Pulitzer Prize for The Confessions of Nat Turner) William Styron 1968 Pulitzer Prize for The Confessions of Nat Turner
Artists, Architects and Designers
1503 Parmigianino (Italian Mannerist Painter and Etcher) Parmigianino Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1814 James Paget (English Physician Who Discovered the Parasite That Causes Trichinosis) James Paget Health Care
1887 Aldo Leopold (Iowa-born Environmentalist) Aldo Leopold Wisconsin Scientists & Mathematicians Earth & Environmental Sciences
1895 Laurens Hammond (Illinois Inventor of the Hammond Organ) Illinois Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Organs Economics & Business Hammond Organ
1924 Roger Guillemin (French-born 1977 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Roger Guillemin Medical Research 1977 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
Business Leaders
1807 Ezra Cornell (New York-born Pioneer in the Telegraph Industry, Philanthropist, Founder of Cornell University) Ezra Cornell The Telegraph Education Cornell University
Political and Social Leaders
1755 Alexander Hamilton (Jamaican-born Founder of the U.S. Banking System) Alexander Hamilton U.S. Government U.S. Treasury The American Revolution
1815 John Alexander Macdonald (Scottish-born Prime Minister of Canada: 1867-1873, 1878-1891) John Alexander Macdonald Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1839 Eugenio María de Hostos (Puerto Rican-born Educator, Writer, Advocate for Puerto Rican Independence and Caribbean Unity) Eugenio María de Hostos Hispanic Political and Social Leaders
1885 Alice Paul (New Jersey-born Women's Suffragist) Alice Paul Quaker Religion Women's Rights Women's Suffrage
1907 Pierre Mendès-France (Premier of France) Pierre Mendès-France
Performing Artists
1899 Eva Le Gallienne (English Actress) Eva Le Gallienne Actors Film
1904 Clarence "Pine Top" Smith (Alabama-born African-American Pianist) Clarence Pine Top Smith Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists
1925 Grant Tinker (Connecticut-born Television Executive) Grant Tinker Television
1928 David Wolpe (New York City-born Film and Television Producer) David Wolper Television Film
1930 Rod Taylor (Australian Actor) Rod Taylor Actors Film
1946 Naomi Judd (Kentucky-born Country Musician) Naomi Judd Country & Western Musicians
1971 Mary J. Blige (Georgia-born African-American Singer) Mary J. Blige Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists
1972 Amanda Peet (New York City-born Actress) Amanda Peet Actors Film
Sports Figures
1896 Paddy Driscoll (Illinois-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Paddy Driscoll College Football Hall of Fame
1952 Ben Crenshaw (Texas-born Member of the World Golf Hall of Fame) Ben Crenshaw World Golf Hall of Fame
1963 Tracy Caulkins (Minnesota-born Member of the Swimming Hall of Fame) Tracy Caulkins Swimming Hall of Fame 1984 Summer Olympics
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1852 David C. Barrow (Georgia-born Educator: Namesake of Barrow County, Georgia) David C. Barrow Educators of Note
1843 Francis Scott Key (Maryland-born Author of The Star Spangled Banner) Francis Scott Key War of 1812 Star Spangled Banner American Composers and Songwriters
1893 John E. Kenna (West Virginia-born Member of the U.S. Senate) John E. Kenna U.S. Senate West Virginia Archives
1988 Isidor Isaac Rabi (Austrian-born 1944 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Isidor Isaac Rabi Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1944 Nobel Laureate for Physics
John Williams (U.S. Senator From Delaware: 1947-1970) Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1991 Carl David Anderson (New York City-born 1936 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Carl David Anderson Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1936 Nobel Laureate for Physics
2008 Edmund Hillary (New Zealand Explorer; First Man to Climb Mount Everest) Edmund Hillary Mount Climbing Mt. Everest
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1693 60,000 Die in Sicilian Earthquake Sicily Earthquakes Deaths USGS
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1759 The First American Life Insurance Company Is Incorporated In Philadelphia Pennsylvania Consumer Economics Historic Firsts Concordia
1769 British King George III Ratifies in Council the Settlement of the Mason-Dixon Boundary Between Delaware and Maryland Great Britain Delaware Maryland King George III Mason-Dixon Line State of Delaware
1775 South Carolina's Francis Salvador Is First Jew to Be Elected to Public Office in the Americas Judaism South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts History Channel
1787 William Herschel Discovers the First Moon of Uranus: Titania William Herschel Uranus Space & Astronomy NASA
1798 Massachusetts State Legislature Moves into the New State House Massachusetts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 President Jefferson Nominates James Monroe to Negotiate the Acquisition of the Louisiana Territory Louisiana Territory President Jefferson James Monroe Yale University
1805 President Thomas Jefferson Signs an Act Establishing the Michigan Territory Michigan President Jefferson State of Michigan
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: verry Cold, Send out 3 men to join 3 now below & hunt.

Pose-cop se ha or Black Cat came to See us and Stay all night

Sho sa har ro ra or Coal also Stayd all night, the inturpeter oldst wife Sick, Some of our men go to See a war medison Dance

Whitehouse: This day the weather still continued Cold & the Air very thin; about Noon 2 of the hunters that went out to hunt Yesterday returned to the Fort, they brought with them, 2 Elk which they had killed, some of those hunters that were out with them had went further down the River in quest of Game.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Elk

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Sent a party early this morning for the Elk which was killed on the 9th. they returned with it in the evening; Drewyer and Collins also returned without having killed anything.

this morning the Sergt. of the guard reported the absence of our Indian Canoe, on enquiry we found that those who came in it last evening had been negligent in securing her and the tide in the course of the night had taken her off; we sent a party down to the bay in surch of her, they returned unsuccessfull, the party also who went up the river and Creek in quest of the meat were ordered to lookout for her but were equally unsuccessfull; we ordered a party to resume their resurches for her early tomorrow;

this will be a very considerable loss to us if we do not recover her; she is so light that four men can carry her on
their sholders a mile or more without resting; and will carry three men and from 12 to 15 hundred lbs.

the Cuthlâhmâhs left us this evening on their way to the Catsops, to whom they purpose bartering their wappetoe for the blubber and oil of the whale, which the latter purchased for beads &c. from the Killamucks; in this manner there is a trade continually carryed on by the natives of the river each trading some article or other with their neighbours above and below them; and thus articles which are vended by the whites at the entrance of this river, find their way
to the most distant nations enhabiting it's waters.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsop Indians Economics
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1820 Fire Destroys 463 Buildings, Leaving 2/3 of Savannah, Georgia's Residents Homeless Savannah, Georgia Fire Safety Georgia
1830 John McLean (NJ) Sworn in As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court New Jersey Political & Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1839 Florida's First Constitution Is Signed by Members of the Constitutional Convention in St. Joseph's Florida Historic U.S. Documents Florida Historical Association
1847 Native Californios Agree to Abide by U.S. Rule with Treaty of Cahuenga California History Westward Expansion Hispanic Heritage Journal of San Diego History
1854 Wasco County, Oregon Is Created Wasco County, Oregon Westward Expansion
1858 Benito Juárez Assumes Presidency of Mexico and Re-establishes Federal Law Mexico Hispanic Heritage City of El Paso (pdf)
The Iowa Legislature Holds Its First Session in Des Moines Iowa Legislature Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1861 Alabama Secedes from the Union Alabama The American Civil War Alabama Archives
Florida's Ordinance of Secession Is Signed Establishing Florida as an "Independent Nation" Florida Historic U.S. Documents Florida Historical Association
1862 Sumpter, Texas Incorporates as the Seat of Trinity County Trinty County, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1863 Union Forces Capture Arkansas Post, Stronghold on Arkansas River Arkansas Battle of Arkansas Post History Channel
USS Hatteras Is Sunk by the CSS Alabama South of Galveston, Texas Galveston, Texas Naval History The American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1864 Vigilantes Hang the Sheriff of Bannack, Montana for Leading Gold Robber Gang Montana Gold Crime Capital Punishment State of Montana
Union Ships Capture Two British Blockade Runners Near Florida's Jupiter Inlet Great Britain Florida Naval History The American Civil War Florida Historical Association
1865 Robert E. Lee Recommends Using African-American Troops in Return for Emancipation Robert E. Lee The American Civil War African-American History Sewannee: The University of the South
Secretary of War Edwin Stanton Meets General Sherman in Savannah Regarding Freed Slaves Savannah, Georgia The American Civil War Slavery Georgia
1879 British Attempt to Expand Influence in South Africa with Invasion of Zululand South Africa Great Britain Zulu War African American Registry
1880 Former President Ulysses S. Grant Visits Florida's Silver Springs Resort Florida Ulysses S. Grant Florida Historical Association
1892 The U.S. Senate Confirms 5 Judges to Adjudicate New Mexico Land Grants Originally Issued by Spain and Mexico Spain Mexico New Mexico U.S. Senate Law & Legal Resources New Mexcio Magazine
1898 A Tornado Hits Fort Smith, Arkansas Fort Smith, Arkansas Tornado Arkansas History Commission
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1907 The Science Museum of Minnesota Is Incorporated as the St. Paul Institute of Science and Letters Minnesota Museums Science Science Museums Science Museum of Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1908 President Theodore Roosevelt Designates Grand Canyon a National Monument Arizona Theodore Roosevelt The Grand Canyon History Channel
1909 Canada and the U.S. Form the International Joint Commission to Preventing and Settle Disputes in the Boundary Waters Region Canada Lakes Minnesota Historical Society
1916 French Forces Occupy the Greek Island of Corfu Greece France World War I History Channel
1923 Lithuania Occupies the Country of Memel Lithuania League of Nations Photo Archive
1927 Charlie Chaplin's Assets Are Frozen When Wife Files for Divorce Charlie Chaplin Actors Film Buisness & Economics History Channel
1928 Josef Stalin Banishes Leon Trotsky from the Soviet Union Soviet Union Josef Stalin Leon Trotsky History Channel
1935 Amelia Earhart Is First Person to Fly Solo from Hawaii to the California Hawaii California Amelia Earhart History of Aviation Historic Firsts New York Times History Channel
1937 Violence Erupts on the 12th Day of a Sit-Down Strike at GM Plant in Flint, Michigan Flint Auto Strike Labor Job Actions Crime General Motors History Channel
Nell Scott of Seldovia Is the First Woman in Alaska's Legislature Alaskan Government American Women in Politics Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Societ
1938 Thomas Wolfe's Story "The Company" Appears in New Masses Thomas Wolfe American Authors & Illustrators National Council of Teachers of English
1942 Japan Declares War Against the Netherlands, Invade the Dutch East Indies Japan The Netherland World War II New York Times
The First of Five German U-boats, Which Will Begin Sinking American Shipping Vessels, Appears Off the East Coast of the U.S. Nazi Germany Submarines World War II Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1943 U.S. & Britain Sign Treaties Relinquishing Extraterritorial Rights in China China Great Britain New York Times
1944 Members of the Nationalist Istiqlal Party Issue Moroccan Independence Manifesto Morocco Manifesto of Indpendence Arabic News
German POW Murdered By NAZI Enforcers in Texas Internment Camp NAZI Germany Texas World War II Prisoners of War Death History Channel
1945 Truce Brings Short-lived Peace to Greek Civil War Greece History Channel
1946 Albania Is Declared a Republic with Enver Hoxha Dictator Albania President of Albania
1949 Cornerstone Laid for the Islamic Center of Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Islam Official Website History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 An F2 Tornado Rips through Sunnyvale, California Sunnyvale, California Tornados City of Sunnyvale Learn California
1954 The State of Georgia Prohibits Law Enforcement Officers from Joining Labor Unions Georgia Law Enforcement Labor University of Georgia
1955 The Antibiotic Tetracycline Is Patented Patents & Trademarks Medical Research U.S. Patent & Trademark Office
1961 First Two African-American Students Are Removed from U. of Georgia for Their Own Protection Georgia Education African-American Heritage University of Georgia African American Registry University of Georgia
1962 Avalanche Engulfs Nine Peruvian Villages, Killing Four Thousand Peru Avalanches Death BBC
Temperatures Drop to Record Lows in Southern U.S. and Mexico Mexico Temperature NOAA
1964 U.S. Surgeon General Issues First Government Report on the Health Hazards of Smoking U.S. Surgeon General Tobacco Historic Firsts New York Times
Oklahoma Football Coach, Bud Wilkinson, Resigns after 17 Seasons Oklahoma College Football Hall of Fame Oklahoma Football
1965 African-American Football Players Boycott AFL All-Star Game in New Orleans New Orleans Football African-American History African American Registry
1966 A Constitutional Commission Is Organized to Revise Florida's 1885 State Constitution Florida Historic U.S. Documents Florida Historical Association
1967 NASA Launches Intelsat 2B Satellite to Support Pacific Telecommunications Space Exploration Telephone Television NASA
1968 NASA Launches GEOS 2 Satellite to Assess the Earth's Shape and Gravity Field Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
In Wisconsin, Rock County Members of the National Farmers Organization Boycott Grain Processors to Drive Up Prices Rock County, Wisconsin Farming & Agriculture Labor Consumer Economics Wisconsin Historical Society
1970 Kansas City Chiefs Beat the Minnesota Vikings 23-7 in Super Bowl IV NFL New York Times
1973 President Nixon Ends Wage and Price Control Program President Richard Nixon The American Presidency Economics History Channel
Baseball's American League Adopts the Designated Hitter Rule Baseball Major League Baseball New York Times
1977 France Releases Suspected Palestinian Terrorist from 1972 Munich Olympics France Terrorism 1972 Munich Olympic Games New York Times
1978 Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon Wins National Book Critics Circle Award Toni Morrison American Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors & Illustrators History Channel
1982 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes the Philippine Island of Luzon The Philippines Earthquakes USGS
1988 Vice President George Bush Answers Questions About the Iran-Contra Affair President George Bush Iran-Contra Scandal New York Times
1989 President Reagan Gives His Farewell Address to the Nation President Ronald Reagan The American Presidency History Channel
1991 Soviet Troops Storm Key Vilnius Locations to Suppress Lithuanian Independence Lithuania Soviet Union Human Rights Watch
1996 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on 9-day Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1997 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One Person in Michoacan, Mexico Mexico Earthquakes Deaths USGS
1998 Islamic Extremists Kill 400 in Two Algerian Villages Algeria Islam Terrorism BBC
1999 Nancy Hollister Ends Her Term as Ohio's First Woman Governor Ohio Poliitcal and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Ohio Historical Society
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2001 U.S. Acknowledges the Massacre of Refugees by U.S. Soldiers During the Korean War Korea Korean War War Crimes Death PBS
FCC Approves America Online-Time Warner Merger FCC Time-Warner AOL PBS
2002 First Prisoners from the War on Terrorism Arrive at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba Cuba Afghanistan War on Terrorism CNN
Ford Motor Announces Elimination of 35,000 Jobs, 5 Plants and 4 Models Ford Motor Automobiles Labor Businesses and Corporations PBS