The Turkmenistan Flag The Turkmenistan Flag


The Turkmenistan Flag The Turkmenistan Flag

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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1998, how many European nations signed a treaty opposing human cloning? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1969, who did the New York Jets defeat in Super Bowl III? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. On this date in 1986, who became the first Hispanic American in space? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1999, how much money was paid for the baseball Mark McGwire hit for his 70th home run? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Spartacus, for how many terms did John Winthrop serve as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Lemelson Foundation, what theory did Ruth Rogan Benerito develop that saved the cotton industry? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1905 work by Jack London (according to the Authors' Calendar)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, how many portraits did John Singer Sargent paint of Asher Wertheimer and his wife?

2. According to, how long was Jack London imprisoned?

3. According to the African American Registry, what organization was founded by James Farmer?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1918 work by Ferenc Molnár (according to the Authors' Calendar)

John Winthrop
Born on This Date 1588

[Cal State Stanislaus]

American Social Leaders

John Singer Sargent
Born on This Date 1856

[Tigertail Associates]


Jack London
Born on This Date 1876

[Jack London Foundation]

American Authors

James Farmer
Born on This Date 1920


Civil Rights/Human Rights

Ruth Rogan Benerito
Born on This Date 1916


Organic Chemist

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Tanzania: Zanzibar Revolution Day
(Commemorates African majority revolt against the Arab sultan, and formation of a Afro-Shirazi party government: 01/12/1964)
Tanzania U.S. Department of State Tanzania High Commission-London
Turkmenistan: Memorial Day
(Observed in memory of the thousands of civilians massacred by Russian Imperial Forces: 01/12/1881)
Turkmenistan Russia U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1628 Charles Perrault (French Children's Author) Charles Perrault Primary Children's Authors
1874 Laura Adams Armer (California-born Photographer, Children's Author) Laura Adams Armer Young-adult Authors Photography
1908 Clement Hurd (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Clement Hurd Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1945 Margaret Rostkowski (Arkansas-born Children's Author) Margaret Rostkowski Young-adult Authors
1949 William Muñoz (American Photographer) William Muñoz
D. Anne Love (Tennessee-born Children's Author) D. Anne Love Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets, Playwrights and Journalists
1729 Edmund Burke (Irish-born Member of the British Parliament and Pamphleteer Who Sympathized with the American Colonies) Edmund Burke
1751 Jakob Michael Lenz (Russian-born German Poet and Dramatist) Jakob Michael Lenz German Authors Poetry Plays
1876 Jack London (San Francisco-born Novelist of The Call of the Wild) Jack London
1878 Ferenc Molnár (Hungarian-born American Playwright, Director, Novelist, Short-Story Writer, Journalist) Ferenc Molnár Plays Journalism
1915 Margaret Danner (Kentucky-born African-American Poet) Margaret Danner Poetry African-American Authors
Paul Jarrico (Los Angeles-born Screenwriter Blacklisted During the McCarthy Era) Paul Jarrico Film McCarthyism
1949 Haruki Murakami (Japanese Novelist) Haruki Murakami
1952 Walter Moseley (Los Angeles-born African-American Novelist of Devil in a Blue Dress) Walter Moseley Noted African Americans
Artists, Architects & Designers
1856 John Singer-Sargent (Italian Portrait Painter) John Singer-Sargent
1884 Louis Horst (Missouri-born Pianist, Composer, Dance Instructor) Louis Horst Dance Classical Musicians Composers
1921 Leo Smit (Philadelphia-born Pianist, Composer) Pennsylvania Composers American Composers
1926 Morton Feldman (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
1927 Salvatore Martirano (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors
1716 Antonio de Ulloa (Spanish Naval Officer, Economist, Astronomer) Antonio de Ulloa Space and Astronomy
1822 Jean-Joseph Étienne Lenoir (Belgian Inventor Who Devised the First Commercially Successful Internal-Combustion Engine) Étienne Lenoir Automobiles Inventors and Inventions
1899 Paul Hermann Müller (Swiss-born 1948 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Paul Hermann Müller 1948 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1906 Sergei Korolev (Chief Rocket Designer for the Early Soviet Space Program) Sergei Korolev Soviet Union Soviet Space Program
1916 Ruth Rogan Benerito (New Orleans-born Chemist Who Developed the Polymers Necessary for Wrinkle-, Stain-, and Flame-Resistant Cotton Fabrics) Ruth Rogan Benerito Polymers Inventors and Inventions
Business Leaders
1964 Jeff Bezos (New Mexico-born Founder of Jeff Bezos
1878 Charles E. Bunnell (Pennsylvania-born First President of the University of Alaska) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Education University of Alaska
1890 Mordecai Johnson (Tennessee-born African-American Educator, Clergyman, Administrator) Mordecai Johnson Education Civil Rights/Human Rights Noted African Americans
Political & Social Leaders
1588 John Winthrop (English-born Puritan Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Famous for his "City on the Hill" Sermon) John Winthrop Colonial Massachusetts Noted American Social Leaders Religious Leaders
1737 John Hancock (Massachusetts-born President of the First and Second Continental Congresses: 1775–7) John Hancock Declaration of Independence American Revolution
1816 Willis A. Gorman (Kentucky-born Second Territorial Governor of Minnesota) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1825 Francis Henry Underwood (Massachusetts-born Author and Attorney) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Law & Legal Resources
1916 P.W. Botha (Prime Minister and President of South Africa) P.W. Botha Apartheid
1920 James Farmer (Texas-born African-American Civil Right Leader) James Farmer Civil Rights/Human Rights Noted African Americans
The Notorious
1893 Herman Goring (German Commander of the Nazi Air Force) Herman Goring Aviation Military History
1893 Alfred Rosenberg (Estonian-born Nazi Ideologue and Propagandist Alfred Rosenberg Nazi Germany War Crimes Propaganda
Performing Artists
1916 Jay McShann (Oklahoma-born African-American Jazz Pianist and Composer) Jay McShann Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1951 Kirstie Alley (Kansas-born Actress) Kirstie Alley Actors and Performing Artists Television Film
Rush Limbaugh (Missouri-born Political Commentator) Rush Limbaugh Radio Television Politics
Sports Figures
1944 Joe Frazier (South Carolina-born African-American Member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame) Joe Frazier International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1960 Dominique Wilkins (African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) African American Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1519 Maximilian I (Austrian-born Holy Roman Emperor) Maximilian I German Social and Political Leaders Catholicism
1965 Lorraine Hansberry (Chicago-born African-American Playwright of Raisin in the Sun) Lorraine Hansberry American Authors Plays African-American Authors
1976 Agatha Christie (English Mystery Writer) Agatha Christie Authors
Duma (Philemon Pearce Dumasile) Nokwe (South African Civil Rights Activist and Politician) Duma Nokwe Human Rights
2001 William Hewlett (Michigan-born co-Founder of Hewlett-Packard) William Hewlett History of Computer Technology Hewlett-Packard
2002 Cyrus R. Vance (West Virginia-born Statesman: Secretary of State for President Jimmy Carter) Cyrus R. Vance U.S. Government President Jimmy Carter
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historical Events Occurring between 1600 - 1699
1604 England's James I Convenes the Hampton Court Conference to Discuss Religious Differences Great Britain James I Religion Concordia
Historical Events Occurring between 1700 - 1799
1773 The First Public Museum in America Is Established in Charleston, S.C. South Carolina Museums Historic Firsts Charleston Museum New York Times
1775 Residents of Georgia's St. Andrew's Parish Adopt Resolutions in Support of the Colonial Liberties Georgia Colonial America American Revolution University of Georgia
1777 Padre Thomas Peña Founds California Mission Santa Clara de Asís California Religion Hispanic-American Studies Library of Congress
Historical Events Occurring between 1800 - 1899
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a verry Cold Day three of our hunters Joseph & Reuben Fields withe 2 Elk on a Slay Sent one more hunter out.

Ordway: cloudy 2 of the hunters came in had killed 3 Elk 4 men Sent after the meat & got it—

Whitehouse: The weather still continued clear and cold; the officers sent some of the party, for meat down the River, they took a Slide with them to bring it on.— Two more of our hunters went out to hunt this day.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Elk

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The men who were sent in surch of the canoe returned without being able to find her, we therefore give her
over as lost.

This morning sent out Drewyer and one man to hunt, they returned in the evening, Drewyer having killed seven Elk; I scarcely know how we should subsist were it not for the exertions of this excellet hunter.

At 2 P. M. the ballance of the party who had been left by Capt. C. arrived; about the same time the two hunters also arrived who had been dispatched by Capt. C. for the purpose of hunting on the 9th; they had killed nothing.

We have heretofore usually divided the meat when first killed among the four messes into which we have divided our party leaving to each the care of preserving and the discretion of using it, but we find that they make such prodigal use of it when they hapen to have a tolerable stock on hand that we have determined to adapt a different system with our present stock of seven Elk; this is to jerk it & issue it to them in small quantities.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 The First Commercial Goods Are Delivered to New Orleans by Steamboat New Orleans Steamboats Business Historic Firsts U.S. Army
1828 The City of Key West Is Incorporated by the Territorial Government of Florida Key West Florida Florida Historical Society
1835 Michigan's Territorial Governor Calls for Convention to Apply for Statehood Michigan State of Michigan
1838 Mormon Leader, Joseph Smith, Flees Kirtland, Ohio to Avoid Arrest Kirtland, Ohio The Mormon Church History Channel
1843 Polygamy Is Declared as Policy of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) Mormons Concordia
1848 Speaking on the Floor of the U.S. House, Lincoln Declares the Mexican War Unnecessary & Unconstitutional U.S. House of Representatives Abraham Lincoln Mexican-American War Lincoln Logs
1853 The Oregon Territorial Legislative Assembly at Salem Passes an Act to Establish Willamette University Salem, Oregon Education Law & Legal Resources Willamette University
In Arkansas, the Cairo & Fulton Railroad Is Chartered Arkansas Railroad Arkansas History Commission
1861 Confederate Forces in Florida Seize the U.S. Navy Yard at Pensacola, Ft. McRee & Ft. Barrancas Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Federal Forces Garrison Fort Pickens on Florida's Santa Rosa Island Key West Florida American Civil War Channel Islands National Park Florida Historical Society
In Marshall, Texas, John W. Barrett Shuts Down His Unionist Newspaper, the Harrison Flag Marshall, Texas Journalism American Civil War Texas State Historical Association
1865 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick Is Promoted to Major General in the Union Army Hugh Judson Kilpatrick American Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1879 The Anglo Zulu War Begins South Africa Great Britain Zulu War History Channel
1881 Russian Imperial Forces End 20-day Siege Overrunning the Turkmen Fortress of Goktepe Turkmenistan Russia War
1888 A Blizzard in Western Minnesota Causes 100 - 150 Death Minnesota Snow Wind Death Minnesota Historical Society
1895 Printing and Binding Act Prohibits Copyrighting of Government Publications U.S. Government Copyright USPTO
1897 National Monetary Conference Creates Committee to Devise a Gold Standard Financial System Economics EconEdLink
Historical Events Occurring between 1900 - 1949
1904 Racing Driver Barney Oldfield Sets a New Speed of 91.37 mph Barney Oldfield Automobile Racing Historic Firsts History Channel
1912 "Bread and Roses" Labor Strike Begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts Lawrence, Massachusetts Labor Strikes Business Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
The Italian Workingmen's Club Is Founded in Madison, Wisconsin Italy Madison, Wisconsin Immigration Labor Wisconsin Historical Society
The Lowest Temperature in Iowa's Recorded History (-47 Degrees F) Is Set in Washta Washta, Iowa Temperature Iowa State Historical Society
1913 Alexander T. Heine Flies the First Airplane over Minneapolis Minnesapolis, Minnesota Aviation History Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1915 United States House of Representatives Rejects Proposal to Give Women the Right to Vote United States House of Representatives Women's Suffrage Voting New York Times
1917 "Arkansas" by Eva Ware Is Adopted as the Official State Song Arkansas Music Arkansas History Commission
1919 Leaders of Great Britain, France, Italy and U.S. Meet in Paris Paris Great Britain Italy President Woodrow Wilson World War I History Channel
1932 Arkansas' Hattie W. Caraway Is the First Woman Elected to the U.S. Senate Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Women Voting and Elections Historic Firsts History Channel Arkansas History Commission
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. U.S. Supreme Court Law Oyez Project
1935 Thousands Greet Amelia Earhart's Landing in Oakland, CA after 18 h Flight from Hawaii Oakland, California Hawaii Amelia Earhart Historic Firsts BBC
1937 Howard Hughes Sets Cross-Country Flight Record, 7h 28m Howard Hughes Aviation Historic Firsts NASA
1941 Matthew Neely Resigns from the United States Senate to Become Governor of West Virginia West Virginia U.S. Senate West Virginia Archives
1942 Malaysian Capital Kuala Lumpur Captured by the Japanese Army Malaysia Japan World War II Australian Department of Defence
President Franklin Roosevelt Reinstates Woodrow Wilson's National War Labor Board (NWLB) President Woodrow Wilson President Franklin Roosevelt World War II Labor History Channel
Florida Solider Killed in the Philippines Will Be Awarded First WWII Congressional Medal of Honor The Philippines Florida Military Figures World War II American Military Figures Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1943 Soviet Forces Breach 18-month Nazi Siege of Leningrad Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II History Channel
1944 Supreme Court Strikes Down Exclusion of Blacks from Texas Primary Voting Texas Law Politics & Voting U.S. Civil Rights Oyez Project
1945 Soviet Forces Begin a Huge Offensive Against the Germans in Eastern Europe Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II New York Times
A Japanese Balloon Carrying Bombs Explodes Near Regina, Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan Japan World War II Hot Air Balloons Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1,900 in Japan Japan Earthquakes Death USGS
1946 After Winning the 1945 NFL Title, the Cleveland Rams Move to Los Angeles Ohio Los Angeles Football NFL Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment Commission
1948 U.S. Supreme Court Rules States Can Not Discriminate Against Law-School Applicants Because of Race U.S. Supreme Court Education Law and Legal Resources Racisim New York Times
Historical Events Occurring between 1950 - 1999
1950 Seattle's Cirque Playhouse Opens Washington Stage and Theater History Link
1951 Annie Lola Price Is Appointed as the First Woman to Serve on the Alabama Court of Appeals Alabama Judicial System Women Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
Ezzard Charles Knocks Out Lee Oma to Retain the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship Georgia Sports Figures International Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1953 Thornton Wilder Appears on the Cover of Time Magazine Thornton Wilder Time
1954 U.S. Announces It Will Protect Its Allies through the "Deterrent of Massive Retaliatory Power" Cold War Nuclear Weapons History Channel
Queen Elizabeth II Opens a Special Session of the New Zealand Parliament Great Britain New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II New Zealand Post
1957 President Eisenhower Proposes U.S. & Soviets Limit Use of Space to Peaceful Purposes Only Soviet Union President Eisenhower Cold War Space Exploration NASA
1959 NASA Announces McDonnell Aircraft Will Design, Develop and Construct Mercury Capsule Space Exploration Boeing Corporation NASA
1961 A Nike-Cajun Is First Rocket Launched for Exploration From Italian Soil Italy Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA
1964 Revolutionaries Overthrow the Arab Sultan of Zanzibar's Ruling National Party Tanzania Tanzania High Commission-London
1966 Three Members of Britain's Parliament Attacked in Rhodesia Great Britain Zimbabwe BBC
1969 New York Jets Defeat Baltimore Colts 16-7 in Super Bowl III Football NFL Logo USA Today New York Times
1970 A Boeing 747 Is First Used for a Trans-Atlantic Flight Aviation Historic Firsts NASA
1971 Reverend Philip F. Berrigan Is Indicted for Conspiracy with Harrisburg Six Vietnam War U.S. Government Law and Legal Resources History Channel
Anarchists Bomb Home of British Employment Secretary Great Britain Terrorism BBC
Jimmy Carter Is Inaugurated As Governor of Georgia Georgia Jimmy Carter University of Georgia
Controversial Television Comedy All in the Family Debuts Television Internet Movie Database
1975 Pittsburgh Defeat Minnesota 16-6 in Super Bowl IX Football NFL Logo New York Times
1982 Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's Son Missing in Sahara Auto Race Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Auto Racing BBC
6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Injures Two in Honduras Honduras Earthquakes USGS
1986 Space Shuttle Columbia Launches with First Hispanic American in Space Franklin R. Chang-Diaz Space Shuttle Asian-American Studies Latin-American Studies Historic Firsts NASA
1988 The First Florida Lottery Tickets Are Sold Florida Busines & Economics Business & Economics Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1991 Congress Narrowly Authorizes Use of Force to Expel Iraq from Kuwait Iraq Kuwait U.S. Congress President George Bush Gulf War BBC
1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis Is Launched for MIR Docking and Crew Rotation Mission Space Shuttle Russian Space Program NASA
1998 Nineteen European Nations Sign Treaty in Paris Opposing Human Cloning European History Cloning CNN
Linda Tripp Gives Taped Conversations of President Clinton to Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr Impeachment of President Bill Clinton The American Presidency Law & Legal Resources CNN
1999 Mark McGwire's 70th Home Run Ball Auctioned for $3 Million Baseball Bartering CNN
Historical Events Occurring from 2000 to Present
2000 Supreme Court Gives Police Authority to Question People Who Flee an Officer U.S. Supreme Court Crime U.S. Civil Rights Oyez Project
2003 NASA Launches ICESat System for Measuring Ice Sheet Mass Balance and Aerosol Heights Earth and Environmental Science Space Exploration NASA
2005 NASA Launches "Deep Impact" for July 4th Collision with Comet Tempel 1 Comets Space Exploration National Geographic
2010 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills More Than 200,000 People in Haiti Haitian Earthquake Earthquakes Death NPR CNN USGS