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JANUARY 13

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Norway
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What are the names given to the three moons of Uranus discovered on this date in 1986? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two countries officially end their Yuletide seasons on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. Name two Civil War battles in which Napoleon Bonaparte Burford participated. (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, poet or journalist born on this date:
I MEND HUT DEW
INTERMEDIATE

1. Two devastating earthquakes occurred on this date in two different countries 86 years apart. What were the two countries? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, who appointed Salmon P. Chase as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, Horatio Alger made his name synonymous with what American ideal? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1870 work by Horatio Alger (according to the chronological bibliography provided by the Horatio Alger Society)
IN KISS WORM

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Yale Alumni Magazine, what did Ross Granville Harrison discover?

2. According to the Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church, why was Kaj Munk murdered by Gestapo agents?

3. According to Emory University, from which university did Flora Nwapa receive her Bachelor of Arts degree?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1965 work by Shahnon Ahmad (according to the Authors' Calendar)
DEED HART
 
 
Picture of this person
Salmon P. Chase
Born on This Date 1808

[Tulane University]

Icon for the U.S. Supreme Court
Picture
Horatio Alger
Born on This Date 1832

[Horatio Alger Society]

Icon for Young-adult Authors

Picture
Ross Granville Harrison
Born on This Date 1870

[New York Times]

Icon for Medical Research

Picture
Kaj Munk
Born on This Date 1936

[Bethesdas Boghandel]

Icon for Human Rights

Picture
Flora Nwapa
Born on This Date 1931

[Emory University]

Icon for Authors

 
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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
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Finland, Norway, Sweden: Tjugondag Knut/St. Knut's Day/Twentieth Day
(Official end of the Yuletide season: 20 days after Christmas)
Finland Norway Sweden Christmas The Old Farmer's Almanac for Kids Julenissen Norge
Togo: Liberation Day
(Commemoration of 1967 coup)
Togo U.S. Department of State
United States: Stephen Foster Memorial Day
(Remembrance of Foster on the anniversary of his death: 1/13/1864)
Stephen Foster American Composers Folk Music Government Printing Office
Calendar
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1834 Horatio Alger (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors Young-adult Authors
1922 N. M. Bodecker (Danish Poet, Children's Author, Illustrator) N. M. Bodecker Primary Authors Artists Poetry
1931 Flora Nwapa (Nigerian Children's Author) Flora Nwapa Young-adult Authors
1940 Edmund White (Ohio-born Children's Author) Edmund White Young-adult Authors
Authors Born on this Date
1894 Adam Bartosz (Polish-American Publisher of Polish-Language Publications; Advocate of Polish Immigrants) Polish Authors Wisconsin Authors Polish Immigration Journalism Wisconsin Historical Society
1898 Kaj Munk (Danish Playwright) Kaj Munk Plays Catholicism World War II
1926 Carolyn Heilbrun (New Jersey-born Author) Carolyn Heilbrun
1933 Shahnon Ahmad (Malaysian Novelist) Shahnon Ahmad
1955 Jay McInerney (Connecticut-born Screenwriter) Jay McInerney Television Film
1957 Lorrie Moore (New York-born Novelist) Lorrie Moore
1962 Elizabeth Searle (Pennsylvania-born Novelist) Elizabeth Searle
Artists, Architects and Designers
1596 Jan van Goyen (Dutch Artist) Jan van Goyen Artists
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1870 Ross Granville Harrison (Connecticut-born Embryologist) Ross Granville Harrison Medical Research Organ Transplants
Military Leaders
1807 Napoleon Bonaparte Buford (Kentucky-born Union Soldier) Napoleon Bonaparte Buford The American Civil War
Political and Social Leaders
1808 Salmon P. Chase (New Hampshire-born Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court) Salmon P. Chase Abraham Lincoln The Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson U.S. Supreme Court
1850 Charlotte E. Ray (New York-born First African-American Female Admitted to Practice Law) Charlotte E. Ray Law and Legal Resources Women African-American Political and Social Leaders
1912 Horace Rains (Georgia-born African-American Physician) Horace Rains Health Care Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1884 Sophie Tucker (Russian-American Singer, Actress) Sophie Tucker Actors Popular Musicians
1926 Melba Liston (Missouri-born African-American Jazz Trombonist) Melba Liston Popular Musicians Famous African Americans
Gwen Verdon (California-born Dancer, Actress) Gwen Verdon Stage and Theater Dance Film
1934 Rip Taylor (Washington, D.C.-born Actor) Rip Taylor Actors Television Film
1939 Mike Ahern (Illinois-born Broadcast Journalist in Indianapolis) Illinois Performing Artists Indianapolis Journalism Television
1949 Brandon Tartikoff (New York-born Television Executive) Brandon Tartikoff Television
1961 Julia Louis-Dreyfus (New York City-born Actress) Julia Louis-Dreyfus Actors Television Film
1966 Patrick Dempsey (Maine-born Actor) Patrick Dempsey Actors Television Film
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1691 George Fox (English Founder of the Quaker Religion) George Fox Founder of the Quaker Religion
1864 Stephen Foster (Pennsylvania-born Songwriter) Stephen Foster American Composers Folk Music
1905 Joseph H. Diss Debar (French-American Artist Who Designed the Great Seal of West Virginia) Joseph H. Diss Debar West Virginia Artists Artists
1929 Wyatt Earp (Illinois-born Gunfighter, U.S. Marshall) Wyatt Earp Westward Expansion Notorious Americans
1946 James Joyce (Irish Author) James Joyce Irish Authors
1963 Sylvanus Olympio (President of Togo: Assassination) Sylvanus Olympio
1978 Hubert Humphrey (South Dakota-born U.S. Senator from Minnesota; Vice-President of the United States) Hubert Humphrey Minnesota Political Leaders President Lyndon Johnson United States Congress
1990 Sterling Brown (Washington, D.C-born African-American Poet) Sterling Brown Poetry African Americans Poets
2010 Teddy Pendergrass (Pennsylvania-born African-American Popular Musician) Teddy Pendergrass Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1501 First Hymnbook Printed in the Vernacular of the People Includes 89 Hymns in the Czech Language Czech Republic Religion Music World Languages Historic Firsts Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1733 James Oglethorpe and Georgia's First 114 Colonists Arrive in Charles Town, SC Harbor Aboard the Anne South Carolina Georgia Colonial America University of Georgia
1776 British Raid Prudence Island in Rhode Island's Narragansett Bay Great Britain Rhode Island American Revolution History Channel
1794 President Washington Approves Adding 2 Stars & 2 Stripes to the American Flag President Washington U.S. Symbols and Flags New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Letter to Lewis from President Jefferson: I think you should wait to move until spring. Your journey has inspired, and sparked interest to the rest of the people in the U'States. I wish you safety and success.
Missouri Thomas Jefferson Camp DuBois
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold Clear Day (great number of Indians move Down the River to hunt) those people Kill a number of
Buffalow near their Villages and Save a great perpotion of the meat, it is their Custom that all meat is shared in common among all members of the tribe, instead of being the property of the man who killed it and his family, and leaves them more than half of their time without
meat Their Corn & Beans &c they Keep for the Summer, and as a reserve in Case of an attack from the Soues, which they are always in dread, and Sildom go far to hunt except in large parties, about ˝ the Mandan nation passed this to day to hunt on the river below, they will Stay out Some Days,

Mr. Chabonee (our inturpeter) and one man that accompanied him to Some loges of the Minatarees near the Turtle Hill returned, both frosed in their faces.

Chaboneu informs that the Clerk of the Hudsons Bay Co. with the Me ne tar res has been Speaking Some fiew expressns. unfavourable towards us, and that it is Said the N W Co. intends building a fort at the Mene tar re's— he Saw the Grand Chief of the Big bellies [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] who Spoke Slightly of the Americans, Saying if we would give our great flag to him he would Come to See us.

Ordway: a clear cold morning. 2 men went last evening a hunting. the Savages visit us as meat is Scarce among them they Intrude on us and we use them as well as possable. Mr Sharbinow arived in the evening with the horses loaded with Grees fat meat &.C.

Gass: A clear cold day. A number of the natives went down the river to hunt with our men. In the evening one of our interpreters and another Frenchman who had gone with him to the Assiniboins for fur returned. They had their faces so badly frost bitten that the skin came off, and their guide was so badly froze that they were obliged to leave him with the Assiniboins. This nation live near the Rocky Mountains, and about 90 miles from fort Mandan.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Health Care Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning I took all the men who could be spared from the Fort and set out in quest of the flesh of the seven Elk that were killed yesterday, we found it in good order being untouched by the wolves, of which indeed there are but few in this country; at 1 P. M. we returned having gotten all the meat to the fort.

this evening we exhausted the last four candles, but fortunately had taken the precaution to bring with us moulds and wick, by means of which and some Elk's tallow in our possession we do not yet consider ourselves destitute of this necessary article; the Elk we have killed have a very small portion of tallow.

The traders usually arrive in this quarter, as has been before observed, in the month of April, and remain untill October; when here they lay at anchor in a bay within Cape Disappointment on the N. side of the river; here they are visited by the natives in their canoes who run along side and barter their comodities with them, their being no houses or fortification on shore for that purpose.

The bay in which this trade is carryed on is spacious and commodious, and perfectly secure from all except the S. and S. E. winds, these however are the most prevalent and strong winds in the Winter season fresh water and wood are very convenient and excellent timber for refiting and reparing vessels.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1829 Completion of the Survey of the Cherokee Line in the Northwest Portion of the Arkansas Territory Is Announced Arkansas Cherokee Indians Arkansas Encyclopedia
1832 Andrew Jackson Opposes South Carolina Nullification of a Federal Tariff South Carolina 1832-33 Nullification Crises Martin Van Buren The American Presidency Historic U.S. Documents U.S. Government
1837 When the Hudson's Bay Company's Refuses to Sell Cattle Oregon Settler's Organize the Willamette Cattle Company Oregon Business Cattle Consumer Economics SalemOregon.com
1842 British Army Doctor Is Lone Survivor of 16,000 Massacred in Afghanistan Afghanistan Great Britain War Death History Channel
1847 The Capitulation at Cahuenga Ends a Year of Fighting Between American and Mexican Forces in California, Mexico California Mexican-American War Learn California
1849 Putnam County, Florida Is Established Putnam County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1858 Ralph P. Lowe Becomes the Governor of Iowa Iowa Political and Social Leaders State Historical Society of Iowa
1861 Shots from the Federal Garrison Force Confederates to Abandon Efforts to Surround Fort Pickens Florida Florida Forts American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1862 Lincoln Advises Secretary of War Cameron He Is to Be Recommended As Minister to Russia Russia Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1864 Lincoln Sends John Hay to Florida to Reconstruct the State's Government Florida Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Lincoln Asks General Banks to Reconstruct the State Government for Louisiana Louisiana Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
U.S.S. Two Sisters Captures the Schooner William Off Florida's Suwannee River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1866 The African American Pilgrim Baptist Church Is Formally Organized in St. Paul, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota Religion African-American Heritage Pilgrim Baptist Church SacredTexts.com
1868 Commanding General George Meade Removes Georgia's Provisional Governor from Office Georgia Reconstruction University of Georgia
1873 P. B. S. Pinchback Relinquishes Governorship of Louisiana Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Reconstruction African-American History National Governors Association
1879 Earthquake Strikes St. Augustine, Florida St. Augustine, Florida Earthquakes USGS
1880 A Fire at the St. Peter State Hospital in Minnesota, Kills 10-15 of the Resident Patients Minnesota Health Care Mental Health Fire Death Minnesota Historical Society
1888 National Geographic Society Is Founded in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. National Geographic
1892 Classes Are First Held At Washington State University Washington Education Historic Firsts Washington State University History Link
1893 Britain's Independent Labor Party, Meets for the First Time Great Britain Elections Historic Firsts BBC
1898 Émile Zola's Defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, ''J'accuse,'' Is Published in Paris Émile Zola Judaism History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 First Known Korean Immigrants to the U.S. Arrive in Hawaii Korea Hawaii Immigration Korean-Americans University of Hawaii (pdf)
Granville T. Woods Is Issued U.S. Patent #718,183 for an Electric Railway Switch Granville T. Woods The Railroad Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks African-American History St. Louis Public Library
1906 American Motor Car Manufacturers Association Opens First Auto Show in NYC New York City Automobiles Historic Firsts Antique Automobile Club of America
1910 Enrico Caruso Is Broadcast Live from the New York Metropolitan Opera Enrico Caruso New York Metropolitan Opera Opera Radio History of Technology History Channel
1913 Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Is Founded by 22 Collegiate Women at Howard University Women African-American Heritage Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Howard University African American Registry
1915 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Avezzano, Italy: 29,980 Die Italy Earthquakes Death USGS
1916 British Attack Turkish Positions on the Banks of Mesopotamia's Wadi River Iraq Turkey Great Britain World War I History Channel
1922 Allied Governments Agree to Temporarily Postpone Germany's Reparations Payments Germany World War I Economics Indiana University
WHA Radio Is Founded in Madison, Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin Radio WHA Wisconsin Historical Society
1928 The First Experimental Television Program Is Broadcast to Schenectady, New York New York Television History of Technology Historic Firsts WGRB Albany
1930 The First Mickey Mouse Comic Strip Is Published in the New York Mirror Walt Disney Cartoons & Comics Historic Firsts USPTO
1931 In Delaware, Estelle Tschudy of Smyrna Takes Her Seat as the First Downstate Woman Elected to the General Assembly Delaware Government American Women in Politics Elections Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1935 90% of Saar Region Voter Choose to Incorporate into Germany Rather than France Germany France Voting European History Humanitas International
1937 The First Shipment of Gold Bullion Is Made to the Fort Knox Bullion Depository Kentucky Fort Knox Gold Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
1939 Vivien Leigh Signs to Play Scarlett O'Hara in Movie "Gone With The Wind" Gone with the Wind Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
1942 Leaders of 9 Occupied Countries Vow to Prosecute NAZI Criminals at War's End Nazi Germany War Crimes The Holocaust Law and Legal Resources World War II History Channel
Sikorsky XR-4, Single-Rotary Wing, Two-man Helicopter, Makes Its First Successful Flight Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
Henry Ford Patents the Plastic Automobile Body Henry Ford Automobiles Plastics Patents and Trademarks History Channel
1943 Construction of the Pentagon Is Completed in Arlington County, Virginia Arlington County, Virginia The Pentagon World War II Virginia Historical Society
1944 The Wife of the Mayor of Duluth, Minnesota Christens the Military Cruiser Duluth Launched in Newport News, Virginia Newport News, Virginia Duluth, Minnesota Naval Military History World War II Minnesota Historical Society
1946 In Alaska, the Anchorage Daily News Is Established with Norman Brown as Editor and Publisher Anchorage, Alaska Journalism Anchorage Daily News Alaska Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Soviets Protest United Nations' Refusal to Recognize Communist China The Soviet Union China United Nations The Cold War History Channel
1953 TASS Reports a Conspiracy of Doctors Intended to Provide Harmful Treatments to Soviet Leaders Soviet Political and Social Leaders Medicine Journalism Cold War JewishGen
Don Barksdale Is First African American to play in An NBA All-Star Game California Sports Figures Basketball NBA African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame
1957 Wham-O Company Begins Mass-Production of the Frisbee Hobbies and Games Inventors & Inventions Ultimate
1960 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 57 in Southern Peru Peru Earthquakes Death USGS
1961 Federal Judge Orders University of Georgia to Re-admit Two African-American Students Georgia Education African-American Heritage University of Georgia University of Georgia
Convair B-58 Hustler Jet Bomber Breaks Six World Speed Records Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
1963 Togo President Olympio Is Assassinated in an Uprising of Non-commissioned Army Officers Togo Death U.S. Department of State
1964 More Than 100 Die in Hindu-Muslim Rioting in Calcutta, India India Hinduism Islam Death BBC
1966 Robert C. Weaver Is First African-American to Hold a Cabinet Position (HUD) Lyndon Johnson U.S. Government African-American History Historic Firsts History Channel
1967 Togo President Nicholas Grunitzky Is Ousted in Bloodless Military Coup Togo U.S. Department of State
1972 Nixon Announces 70,000 U.S. Troops to Leave Vietnam over Next Three Months President Nixon Vietnam War U.S. Army
Military Commander Seizes Control of Ghana while Prime Minister Is Out of Country Ghana BBC
1974 The Dallas–Fort Worth International Airport Officially Opens Texas Aviation Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1976 First Computer Capable of Translating Printed Text into Speech Is Demonstrated History of Computer Technology Blindness Kurzweil Technologies
6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 150 Homeless in Iceland Iceland Earthquakes USGS
1978 NASA Selects Its First Women Astronauts Astronauts Women Historic Firsts NASA
1979 U. S. Postal Service Issues Stamp Honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. United States Postal Service University of Georgia
1982 737 Crashes into the Potomac after Take-off From Washington, D.C.: 78 die Washington, D.C. Air Disasters Death New York Times
Henry Aaron and Frank Robinson Are Voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame Henry Aaron Texas Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures New York Times
1986 NASA Researchers Discover Uranus Moons Desdemona, Rosalind & Belinda Uranus NASA
1988 Supreme Court Rules (5-3) Public School Officials May Censor Students The U.S. Supreme Court Education Children's Rights Oyez
1990 Douglas Wilder Is First Elected & Inaugurated African-American Governor Douglas Wilder Elections African-American History Historic Firsts New York Times
2.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in Maryland's Recorded History Maryland Earthquakes USGS
1991 Vilnius Demonstrators Slain after Lithuania Declares Independence from Soviet Union Lithuania The Soviet Union Death BBC
1992 Japanese Apologize for the Enslavement of Korean Women During World War II Japan Korea Slavery Women War Crimes New York Times
1993 American, British and French Fighter Jets Bomb Southern Iraq Iraq Great Britain France Gulf War Aviation History BBC
NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-54) on 6-Day Mission Space Exploration NASA
1994 GTE Announces It Will Cut 17,000 Jobs Businesses & Corporations Labor General Electric EconEdLink
1995 The Menominee Tribe Sues the State of Wisconsin for Violation of Treaty Rights Wisconsin Menominee Tribe Law and Legal Resources Historic Documents Wisconsin Historical Society
1997 Left-wing Guerrillas Open Fire on Police Outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima Peru Japan Terrorism BBC
1999 Michael Jordan Announces His Retirement from Professional Basketball Michael Jordan Basketball Famous African Americans PBS
Historic Events that occurred 2000 - present on this date
2000 Bill Gates Resigns As Microsoft CEO/President, Replaced by Steve Ballmer Bill Gates Businesses and Corporations CNN
2001 Earthquake of 7.6 Magnitude Devastates El Salvador: 840 Die El Salvador Earthquakes Death USGS BBC
2002 President Bush Chokes on Pretzel & Faints While Watching Football Game George W. Bush The American Presidency CNN
The Fantasticks Closes Off-Broadway after 17,162 Shows Over Nearly 42 Years Official Website Theatre History