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Julian Calendar

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1993, who became the first woman to reach both the North and South Poles by land? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1973, which NFL football team became the first to finish the season as undefeated champions? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to HarperCollins when did Hugh Lofting begin writing the stories that would become the Dr. Dolittle stories? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. On this date in 1784, which war was officially ended with the ratification of the Treaty of Paris? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Where was Shannon Lucid born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to his Nobel Foundation biography, from which university did Albert Schweitzer receive his Doctorate of Philosophy? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Berthe Morisot that is in the Cleveland Museum of Art (according to Artcyclopedia)

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to his Nobel Foundation biography, in which African country is Albert Schweitzer's hospital located?

2. According to the History Makers, while a student at Morehouse College, Julian Bond helped to found SNCC. What does SNCC stand for?

3. According to Writer's Almanac, Matt Groening originally created the Simpsons for another show on Fox. What was the name of that show?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by John Dos Passos (according to Writer's Almanac)
Picture of this person
Hugh Lofting
Born on This Date 1886

Young-adult Authors
Albert Schweitzer
Born on This Date 1892

[Stephens College]

Icon for 1952 Nobel Peace Prize

Julian Bond
Born on This Date 1940


Civil Rights/Human Rights

Shannon Lucid
Born on This Date 1943


Icon for Human Rights

The Simpsons
Since This Date 1990

Cartoons and Comics

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
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Julian Calendar: New Year's Day
(The Julian Calendar trails the Gregorian Calendar by 13 days)
Julian Calendar
India: Bhogi Pongal (north)/Makar Sankranti (south)
(Day 1 of three-day festival celebrating the harvest and the Julian New Year)
Makar Sankranti/Pongal
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1874 Thornton Burgess (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors
1882 Hendrik W. van Loon (Dutch-American Children's Author Awarded the First Newbery Medal (1922) for The Story of Mankind) Dutch Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors 1922 Newbery Medal  for The Story of Mankind
1886 Hugh Lofting (English Children's Author Awarded the 1923 Newbery Medal for The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle) Hugh Lofting Young-adult Authors 1923 Newbery Medal  for The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle
1919 Doris Lund (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors
1943 Patricia Rhoads Mauser (California-born Children's Author) California Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors Born on this Date
1896 John Dos Passos (Chicago-born Novelist) John Dos Passos
1899 Carlos P. Rómulo (Filipino Pulitzer Prize-Winning Journalist) Filipino Authors Authors 1942 Pulitzer Prize
1913 Tillie Olsen (Nebraska-born Novelist) Tillie Olsen
1914 Dudley Randall (Washington, D.C.-born African American Poet) Washington, D.C. Authors Poetry African-American Authors African American Registry
1916 John Oliver Killens (Georgia-born African American Writer) Georgia Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
1919 Andy Rooney (New York-born Broadcast and Print Journalist) New York Authors & Illustrators Journalism Television Biography.com
1925 Yukio Mishima (Japanese Novelist, Playwright, Essayist, Short Story Writer) Yukio Mishima Plays
1949 Mary Robison (Washington, D.C.-born Novelist, Short-Story Writer) Washington, D.C. Authors Writer's Almanac
Lawrence Kasdan (Florida-born Screenwriter) Florida Authors Film
1952 Maureen Dowd (Washington, D.C.-born Columnist for the New York Times) Washington, D.C. Authors Journalism New York Times Writer's Almanac
1957 Anchee Min (Chinese-American Writer) Anchee Min Asian-American Authors
1841 Berthe Morisot (French Painter, Printmaker) Berthe Morisot Artists
1863 Richard Felton Outcault (Ohio-born Artist; First Cartoonist to Publish a Sunday Color Comic Strip) Ohio Artists American Artists Cartoons and Comics History Channel
1866 Art Young (Illinois-born Cartoonist) Illinois Artists American Artists
1904 Cecil Beaton (English Photographer, Film and Stage Set Designer) English Artists and Designers Photography Stage & Theater Film Historic UK
1951 Judas Mahlangu (South African Artist) South African Artists Artists South African History
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1890 Rolla Neil Harger (Kansas-born Biochemist; Inventor of the Alcohol Breath Analyzer) Kansas Scientists & Mathematicians Biochemistry Alcohol and Drug Abuse Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1892 Albert Schweitzer (German Musician, Theologian, Physician; 1952 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Albert Schweitzer Gabon Medicine Religion Classical Music 1952 Nobel Laureate for Peace
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1943 Shannon Lucid (Astronaut) Shannon Lucid Space Exploration
Business Leaders
1856 Thomas Egleston (South Carolina-born Georgia Businessman, Philanthropist) South Carolina Business Leaders Georgia Business Leaders Philanthropy University of Georgia
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1892 Martin Niemöller (German Theologian, Peace Activist) German Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Tehologians
Political and Social Leaders
1780 Henry Baldwin (Connecticut-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court
1783 Wilson Lumpkin (Virginia-born Georgia Governor and U.S. Congressman) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress University of Georgia
1919 Giulio Andreotti (Leader of Italy's Christian Democratic Party) Italian Political and Social Leaders
1940 Julian Bond (Tennessee-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Julian Bond American Civil Rights Movement African-American Political and Social Leaders
The Notorious
1741 Benedict Arnold (Connecticut-born American Revolutionary War General; Traitor) Benedict Arnold The American Revolution Notorious Americans
Performing Artists
1892 Hal Roach (New York-born Academy Award-Winning Filmmaker) Hal Roach Filmmakers Academy Award
1941 Faye Dunaway (Florida-born Academy Award-Winning Actress) Faye Dunaway Actors Film Academy Award
1963 Steven Soderbergh (Georgia-born Director, Producer, Screenwriter) Steven Soderbergh Filmmakers
1967 Emily Watson (English Actress) Emily Watson Actors Film
1968 LL Cool J (New York-born African-American Hip Hop Artist) New York Performing Artists Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists Biography.com
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
347 B.C. Plato (Ancient Greek Philosopher) Plato Philosophy
1742 Edmund Halley (English Astronomer; Namesake of Halley's Comet I) Edmund Halley Astronomy Comets Greenwich Guide
1898 Lewis Carroll (English Author Who Wrote ''Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'') English Authors Lewis Carroll Young-adult Authors
1957 Humphrey Bogart (New York City-born Actor) Humphry Bogart Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1977 Anthony Eden (Prime Minister of Great Britain) British Political Leaders
1978 Kurt Gödel (Austrian Mathematician) Kurt Gödel Mathematics
1984 Ray Kroc (Illinois-born Founder of McDonald's) Ray Kroc Businesses and Corporations McDonalds Foods and Nutrition
1985 Maud Francis Eyston Sumner (South African Painter) South African Artists Artists South African History
Alan Shivers (Governor of Texas) Texas Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1986 Donna Reed (Iowa-born Actress) Donna Reed Actors Film
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1639 Connecticut Adopts Its "Fundamental Orders," the First Constitution In Colonial America Connecticut Colonial U.S. History Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1784 Continental Congress. Ratifies Treaty of Paris Ending Revolutionary War and Officially Establishing the U,S. as a Sovereign Nation The Treaty of Paris The American Revolution Library of Congress
1799 Cotton Gin Inventor Eli Whitney Receives a U.S. Government Contract to Produce 10,000 Muskets Eli Whitney Inventors & Inventions U.S. Government Business University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1801 Representative John C. Brush of Odessa Is Expelled from the Delaware General Assembly Because He Is a Preacher Odessa, Delaware Religion Separation of Church and State State of Delaware
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning early a number of indians men womin children Dogs &c & passed down on the ice to joine those that passed yesterday, we Sent Sergt Pryor and five men with those indians to hunt

one of our hunters Sent out Several days arived & informs that one Man (Whitehouse) is frost bit and Can't walk home—

Lewis: Observed an Eclips of the Moon. I had no other glass to assist me in
this observation but a small refracting telescope belonging to my sextant, which however was of considerable service, as it enabled me to define the edge of the moon's immage with much more precision that I could have done with the
natural eye. The commencement of the eclips was obscured by clouds, which continued to interrupt me throughout the whole observation; to this cause is also attributable the inacuracy of the observation of the commencement of total darkness. I do not put much confidence in the observation of the middle of the Eclips, as it is the wo[r]st point of the eclips to distinguish with accuracy. The two last observations (i. e.) the end of total darkness, and the end of the eclips, were more satisfactory; they are as accurate as the circumstances under which
I laboured would permit me to make them.—

h m s
Commencement of total darkness 12 28 5
Middle of the Eclips 12 57 24
End of total darkness 13 41 30
End of the eclips 14 39 10

Ordway: Sergt & 5 men went out hunting this morning to Stay out Several days. G. Shannon came in this evening and informed us that Whitehouse had his feet frost bit & could not come in without a horse Shannon & Collins killed a buffaloe Bull a woolf and 2 porkapines & a white hair.

Gass: Some snow fell this morning. Six more hunters went out to join those with the natives. In the evening one of the hunters that first went out, returned. They had killed a buffaloe, a wolf and two porcupine and one of the men had got his feet so badly frozen that he was unable to come to the fort.

Whitehouse: Some Snow fell this morning. 6 more hunters went out to join the rest a nomber of the natives went out also, in the evening one of the hunters
that went out first Came to the fort, he informed us that they had killed one buffaloe a wolf & 2 porkapines, & I got my feet So froze that I could not walk to the fort.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes
Temperature Frostbite
Buffalo Wolves
Porcupine Rabbit

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning the Sergt. of the Guard reported the absence of one of the large perogues, it had broken the chord by which it was attatched and the tide had taken it off; we sent a party immediately in surch of her, they returned in about 3 hours having fortunately found her. we now directed three of the perogues to be drawn up out of reach of the tide and the fourth to be mored in the small branch just above the landing and confined with a strong rope of Elk-skin. had we lost this perogue also we should have been obliged to make three small ones, which with the few tools we have now left would be a serious undertaking. a fatieuge of 6 men employed injerking the Elk beaf.

From the best estimate we were enabled to make as we dscended the Columbia was conceived that the natives inhabiting that noble stream, for some miles above the great falls to the grand rappids inclusive annually prepare about 30,000 lbs. of pounded sammon for market. but whether this fish is an article of comerce with the whites or is exclusively sold to and consumed by the natives of the sea Coast, we are at a loss to determine. the first of those positions I am disposed to credit most, but, still I must confess that I cannot imagine what the white merchant's object can be in purchasing this fish, or wher they dispose of it. and on the other hand the Indians in this neighbourhood as well as the Skillutes have an abundance of dryed sammon which they take in the creeks and inlets, and I have never seen any of this pounded fish in their lodges, which I pesume would have been the case if they purchase this pounded fish for their own consumption. the Indians who prepared this dryed and pounded fish, informed us that it was to trade with the whites, and shewed us many articles of European manufacture which they obtained for it. it is true they obtain those articles principally for their fish but they trade with the Skillutes for them and not immediately with the whites; the intermediates merchants and carryers, the Skillutes, may possibly consume a part of this fish themselves and dispose of the ballance of it the natives of the sea coast, and from them obtain such articles as they again trade with the whites.

Clark: The persons who usially visit the enterence of this river for the purpose of traffic or hunting, I believe is either English or Americans; the Indians inform us that they Speak the Same language with our Selves, and gave us proofs of their varacity by repeating maney words of English, Sun of a pitch &c. whether those traders are from Nootka Sound, from Some other late establishment on this Coast, or imediately from the U States or Great Brittain, I am at a loss to determine, nor Can the Indians inform us. the Indians whome I have asked in what direction the traders go when they depart from hence, allways point to the S. W. from which it is prosumeable that Nootka cannot be their distination, and from Indian information a majority of those traders annually visit them about the beginning of April and remain Some time and either remain or revisit them in the fall of which I cannot properly understand, from this Circumstance they Cannot Come directly from the U States or Great Brittain, the distance being to great for them to go and return in the ballance of a year. I am Sometimes induced to believe that there is Some other Establishment on the Coast of America South of this place of which little is but yet known to the world, or it may be perhaps on Some Island in the Pacific Ocian between the Continant of America & Asia to the S. W. of us. This traffic on the part of the whites Consist in vending, guns, principally old British or American Musquets, powder, balls and Shote, brass tea kettles, Blankets from two to three points, Scarlet and blue Cloth (Coarse), plates and Strips of Sheet Copper and brass, large brass wire Knives Beeds & Tobacco with fishing hooks, buttons and Some other Small articles; also a considerable quantity of Salors Clothes, as hats, Coats, Trouses and Shirts. for those they receive in return from the nativs Dressed and undresed Elk Skins, Skins of the Sea otter, Common Otter, beaver, common fox, tiger Cat, also Some Salmon dried or pounded and a kind of buisket, which the nativs make of roots called by them Shappelell. The nativs are extra-vigantly fond of the most Common Cheap Blue and white beeds, of moderate Size, or Such that from 50 to 70 will way one pennyweight, the blue is usially prefured to the white; those beeds Constitute the principal Circulating medium with all the Indian tribes on this river; for those beeds they will dispose of any article they possess—. the beeds are Strung on Strans of a fathom in length & in that manner Sold by the breth or yard—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1814 Denmark Cedes Norway to Sweden with the Peace Treaty of Kiel Denmark Norway Sweden Historic World Documents European History Norway Royal Family
1833 Mercer University Begins Operation in Penfield, Georgia Georgia Education Mercer University University of Georgia
1835 Georgia's James M. Wayne Is Sworn In as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court University of Georgia
1846 Stillwater, Minnesota's First Post Office Is Established Stillwater, Minnesota USPS Minnesota Historical Society
1850 The Minnesota Territorial Supreme Court Opens for Its First Term, with Judge Aaron Goodrich Presiding Minnesota Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1857 Joseph R. Williams Is Appointed as the First President of the Newly Created Michigan State University Michigan Education Educators of Note Michigan State University State of Michigan
1858 Napoleon III Escapes Assassination Attempt France Political & Social Leaders Chambers Book of Days
1860 House Members Propose Constitutional Amendment That Will Protect Slavery Where It Already Exists U.S. Congress U.S. Constitution Slavery American Civil War History Channel
1861 Florida's U.S. Senators David Levy Yulee and Stephen F. Mallory, Are Officially Informed of Florida's Secession from the Union Florida U.S. Congress American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 Small Boats from the U.S.S. Roebuck Run the British Sloop Young Racer Aground North of Florida's Jupiter Inlet Great Britain Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
The U.S.S. Union Captures the Blockade-Running Steamer, Mayflower, Near Florida's Tampa Bay Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
William Milo Stone Becomes the Governor of Iowa Iowa Political and Social Leaders State Historical Society of Iowa
1869 In Alaska, Commander Richard W. Meade, in Command of the USS Saginaw, Burns Several Kake villages Kake, Alaska Naval Military History Fire Alaska Historical Society
1873 In West Virginia, Glenville State College Opens as Glenville Normal School West Virginia Education Education Glenville State College West Virginia State Archives
1874 The Florida Medical Association Is Founded in the Jacksonville Office of Dr. Abel Seymour Baldwin Jacksonville, Florida Medicine Florida Medical Association Florida Historical Society
1875 U.S. House Passes the Specie Resumption Act in an Effort to Replace Civil War Greenbacks in Circulation with Gold Coins U.S. Congress Currencies American Civil War History Channel
1879 The Alabama State Bar Association Is Organized with Governor Thomas H. Watts Presiding Alabama Law & Legal Resources Alabama State Bar Association Alabama State Archives
1882 Brookline Is Established as the First Country Club in the United States Massachusetts Golf Historic Firsts Brookline Country Club Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1891 In South Dakota, Sioux Indians Give Up Their Last Resistance to Government Control and Return to Their Reservations South Dakota U.S. Government Sioux Indians History Channel
1892 Pensacola, Florida Reports 0.4" of Snow Pensacola, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1894 Joseph Conrad Returns to London London, England Joseph Conrad Authors History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Puccini's Tosca Premieres in Rome at the Teatro Constanzi Puccini Opera Historic Firsts American Public Media
1907 A 6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Over 800 People in Jamaica Jamaica Earthquakes Death USGS
1911 The Battleship Arkansas Is Launched at Camden, New Jersey Camden, New Jersey Arkansas Naval Military History Arkansas History Commission
1915 South African Troops Occupy the Seaside Town of Swakopmund in German Southwest Africa (Namibia) Namibia South Africa Germany World War I History Channel
1929 Afghan King Amanullah Is Forced to Abdicate Afghanistan University of Texas Arlington (pdf)
1930 John Steinbeck Marries Carol Henning John Steinbeck American Authors National Council for Teachers of English
1932 At Agua Caliente in Mexico, Jockey Eddie Arcaro Wins His First Race Mexico Ohio Sports Figures Horse Racing ESPN
1942 U.S. and Great Britain Agree to Have Their Leaders Work Cooperatively on Military Policy Great Britain World War II History Channel
President Roosevelt Issues Proclamation Requiring Aliens from Italy, Germany and Japan to Register with the U.S. Department of Justice Franklin Roosevelt Immigration Law & Legal Resources World War II History Channel
1943 Fort Hood Is Opened in Texas Texas Forts Fort Hood Texas State Historical Association
President Franklin Roosevelt Meets British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Casablanca, Morocco Winston Churchill Morocco Franklin Roosevelt World War II History Channel
1949 The U.S. Government Files Anti-Trust Suit Against AT&T U.S. Government Businesses & Corporations Monopolies Anti-Trust Law AT&T History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 The Today Show Premieres on NBC Television Today Show Internet Movie Database History Channel
1953 Josip Broz Tito Was Elected President of Yugoslavia by the Country's Parliament Yugoslavia New York Times
1954 Marilyn Monroe Marries Joe DiMaggio Marilyn Monroe Joe DiMaggio History Channel
Hudson & Nash-Kelvinator Merge into American Motors Automobiles Businesses & Corporations History Channel
1956 Little Richard Releases "Tutti Frutti" Little Richard African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1958 Television Wales and the West (TWW) Commercial Television Begins in Wales Wales Media Television Wales Online
1963 George Wallace Is Sworn in as Governor of Alabama George Wallace Politics History Channel
1967 Earthquake Kills 231 in Sicily Sicily Earthquakes Death
1968 Canada's Most Famous Tree, a Silver Maple on Laing Street in Toronto, Loses a Limb in an Ice Storm Toronto, Canada Trees CBC
1969 Soviets Launch Soyuz 4 to Dock with Soyuz 5 and Return in 3 Days Soviet Space Program Space Exploration NASA
At Pearl Harbor, a Rocket Accidentally Detonates Aboard the USS Enterprise Killing 27 People, Injuring 300 Hawaii Naval Military History Death History Channel
Students Protest the University of Minnesota's Failure to Attract African-Americans Minnesota Education Education Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage University of Minnesota Minnesota Public Radio African American Registry
1970 Diana Ross Performs for Last Time with "The Supremes" Diana Ross Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African American Performing Artists New York Times
George Joseph Biskup Becomes the Third Archbishop of Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana Religion Catholicism Indiana Historical Society
1972 Sanford and Son Debuts on NBC Television African-American Heritage The Internet Movie Database
1973 Miami Dolphins Defeat the Washington Redskins 14-7 in Super Bowl VII to Finish as the NFL's First Undefeated Champion Florida Football NFL Historic Firsts New York Times
1976 In Minnesota, Sauk Centre Teachers End a Week-Long Strike After a New Contract Is Ratified Suak Centre, Minnesota Education Labor Strike Minnesota Historical Society
1978 A 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 21 People in Japan Japan Earthquakes Death USGS
1980 The United Nations Denounces Soviet Presence in Afghanistan on Vote of 104-18 United Nations The Soviet Union Afghanistan History Channel
1990 Episode #1 of Season #1 of The Simpsons Premieres on Fox Television The Simpsons Television The Simpson's Archive The Internet Movie Database
1993 Minnesota's Ann Bancroft Reaches the South Pole, Becoming the First Woman to Travel Overland to both the North and South Poles South Pole North Pole Minnesota Explorers and Pioneers American Women Explorers Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1994 President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin Sign Nuclear Weapons Accords Boris Yeltsin President Bill Clinton Nuclear Weapons Historic World Documents New York Times
1997 Minnesota Governor Arne Carlson Declares a Winter Storm State of Emergency Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Snow Wind Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred from 2000 to present on this date
2000 United Nations Tribunal Sentences 5 Bosnian Croats to Prison for the 1993 Massacre of at Least 103 Muslims United Nations Bosnia Crime Law & Legal Resources New York Times
5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 7 People, Injures 2,528, Leaves, 92,479 Homeless and Destroys More Than 41,000 Houses in China's Yunnan Province. China Earthquakes Death USGS
2005 European Space Agency Probe Descends to the Surface of Saturn's Moon, Titan Space Exploration Saturn European Space Agency New York Times
2011 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Resigns After 23 Years as Tunisia's President and Flees the Country Tunisia National Public Radio