for
The US Flag The US Flag

 

The US Flag The US Flag
Buddhism Christianity

JANUARY 16

Islam Judaism
 
 


 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. For which Muppet did Jim Henson renew his copyright in 1984? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two players where elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on this date in 1974? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the European Automotive Hall of Fame, in what year did André Michelin's family rubber and agricultural goods business actually start? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:
THE WAR ON MAST
INTERMEDIATE

1. In what year did the Shah of Iran flee his country on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Agribusiness Council, James Wormley's hotel was used to conduct secret meetings to determine the outcome of which Presidential election? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Southern Mississippi, which three authors were among Robert Lipsyte's early literary heroes? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Robert Lipsyte (according to the American Library Association)
I FETCH HE

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Mt. Holyoke College, where did Dian Fossey work while she lived in Kentucky?

2. According to the New York Review of Books, what award did Susan Sontag receive in 2001?

3. According to the American Radio Works, how long was Shackleton's 28-man expedition lost in Antarctica?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an 1969 work by Susan Sontag (according to the Authors' Calendar)
PIT ON HOT AIR
 
 
Picture
James Wormley
Born on This Date 1819

[The Agribusiness Council]

Business

Picture
André Michelin
Born on This Date 1853

[European Automotive Hall of Fame]

 Michelin Tires

Picture
Dian Fossey
Born on This Date 1932

[University of Colorado]

Primates

Picture
Susan Sontag
Born on This Date 1933

[New York Writers Institute]

American Authors

Picture
Robert Lipsyte
Born on This Date 1937

[University of Maryland]

Young-adult Authors

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
India: Bhogi Pongal (north)/Makar Sankranti(south)
(Day 3 of 3-day festival celebrating the harvest and the Julian new year)
Makar Sankranti/Pongal
Thailand: Teachers' Day
(Observed annually on this date as per a 1956 resolution of the National Cabinet)
Thailand Education ThailandLife
United States: Religious Freedom Day
(Commemoration of Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom passed 01/16/1786)
First Amendment to the U.S. Constitutution Religion Religious Freedom Day
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1910 Martha Shapp (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Primary Children's  Authors
1937 Robert Lipsyte (New York City-born Sports Journalist, Children's Author) Robert Lipsyte Young-adult Authors Journalism Sports
1947 Kate McMullan (Missouri-born Children's Author) Missouri Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Martha Weston (North Carolina-born Children's Author Illustrator) North Carolina Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's  Authors American Artists
Authors Born on this Date
1833 John Hallum (Arkansas-born Author, Historian) Arkansas Authors and Illustrators U.S. History
1874 Robert Service (English Poet) English Authors and Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
1901 Laura Riding Jackson (New York City-born Avant-Garde Poet and Critic) New York Authors and Illustrators Poetry
1917 Joe B. Frantz (Texas-born Historian, Cartographer, Educator, Author) Texas Authors and Illustrators Education Texas History Texas Maps Texas State Historical Association
1923 Anthony Hecht (New York City-born Poet Awarded the 1968 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry) New York City Authors and Illustrators Poetry Awarded 1968 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry University of Illinois Writer's Almanac
1928 William Kennedy (New York-born Journalist, Novelist) New York Authors and Illustrators Journalism Biography.com Writer's Almanac
1933 Susan Sontag (New York City-born Essayist and Cultural Critic) Susan Sontag
Artists
1916 Irving Penn (New Jersey-born Photographer) Irving Penn Photography
1932 Jim Berry (Illinois-born Artist) Illinois Artists
Classical Artists
1934 Marilyn Horne (Pennsylvania-born Mezzo-Soprano Operatic Singer) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Opera
Richard Wernick (Boston-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1932 Dian Fossey (San Francisco-born Naturalist and Leading Authority on Mountain Gorilla) Dian Fossey Africa Primates
1881 Arthur Percy Morris Fleming (English Pioneer in the Development of Radio and Radar) English Scientists and Mathematicians Radio
Business Leaders
1819 James Wormley (Influential African-American Inn/Hotelkeeper in Civil War-era Washington, D.C.) James Wormley Famous African Americans
1853 André Michelin (French co-Founder of Michelin Tires) André Michelin Automobiles Businesses and Corporations
Performing Artists
1908 Ethel Merman (New York-born Actress, Singer) New York Performing Artists Stage and Theater American Musicals Biography.com New York Times
1944 Ronnie Milsap (North Carolina-born Country Musician) North Carolina Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians
Jim Stafford (Florida-born Country Musician) Florida Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians
1947 Laura Schlessinger (New York-born Radio Talk Show Personality) New York Performing Artists Radio Biography.com
1948 John Carpenter (New York-born Filmmaker Received 1970 Academy Award for Best Live-Action Short Subject, "The Resurrection of Broncho Billy") New York Performing Artists Filmmakers Received the 1970 Academy Award for Best Live-Action Short Subject, The Resurrection of Broncho Billy American Composers & Songwriters Internet Movie Database
1950 Debbie Allen (Texas-born African-American Actress, Dancer, Choreographer) Texas Performing Artists Dance Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1959 Sadé (Nigerian Popular Musician) Nigerian Performing Artists Popular Musicians
1974 Kate Moss (English Model, Actress) English Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1979 Aaliyah (New York City-born African-American Popular Musician) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
Sports Figures
1870 Willie Simms (Georgia-born African-American Jockey; Member of the Horse Racing Hall of Fame)) Georgia Sports Figures African-American Sports Figures Churchill Downs Horse Racing Hall of Fame African American Registry
1911 Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (Arkansas-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Arkansas Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1935 A.J. Foyt (Texas-born Race Car Driver) Texas Sports Figures Automobile Racing
1980 Albert Pujols (Dominican Major League Baseball Player) Dominican Republic Sports Figures Baseball Hispanic Sports Figures St. Louis Cardinals
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
308 Marcellus I, Roman Catholic Pope Catholic Popes
1794 Edward Gibbon (English Historian) Edward Gibbon World History Authors
1919 Theodore Roosevelt (New York-born 26th President of the United States) New York Political and Social Leaders President Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency
1942 Carol Lombard (Indiana-born Actress) Indiana Performing Artists Airplane Crash Actors Film
1957 Arturo Toscanini (Italian Conductor) Italian Composers Classical Music
1967 Robert J Van De Graaff (Alabama-born Physicist) Robert J Van De Graaff Physics Subatomic Particles Inventors & Inventions
1997 Ennis Cosby (Son of Comedian Bill Cosby; Murdered in California) California Bill Cosby Gun Control Crime
2009 Andrew Wyeth (Pennsylvania-born Artist) Andrew Wyeth American Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1493 Columbus Departs the Dominican Republic to Return to Portugal Dominican Republic Portugal Christopher Columbus Naval History Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1543 British Parliament Makes It Unlawful for Women and Common Laborers to Read the New Testament Great Britain Women Labor Law and Legal Resources The Bible Concordia
1547 Ivan the Terrible Crowned First Czar of Russia Russia Historic Firsts New York Times
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1780 British Ships Defeat Spanish in the Moonlight Battle Off Portugal's Coast Great Britain Spain American Revolution Naval History History Channel
1786 Virginia Legislature Adopts the Ordinance of Religious Freedom Virginia Religion Historic Documents Virginia Historical Society
1792 Creek Warriors Capture the Panton, Leslie and Company Trading Post Near St. Marks, Florida Florida Creek Indians U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Florida Historical Society
The Delaware General Assembly Changes the Name of "Duck Creek Crossroads" to Smyrna Smyrna, Delaware State of Delaware
1793 Thomas Johnson Resigns As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Maryland Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This evening we finished curing the meat. no occurrence worthy of relation took place today. we have plenty of Elk beef for the present and a little salt, our houses dry and comfortable, and having made up our minds to remain until the 1st of April, every one appears content with his situation and his fare.

it is true that we could even travel now on our return as far as the timbered country reaches, or to the falls of the river; but further it would be madness for us to attempt to proceede untill April, as the indians inform us that the snows lye knee deep in the plains of Columbia during the winter, and in these plains we could scarcely get as much fuel of any kind as would cook our provision as we descended the river; and even were we happyly over these plains and again in the woody country at the foot of the Rocky Mountains we could not possibly pass that immence barrier of mountains on which the snows ly in winter to the debth in many places of 20 feet; in short the Indians inform us that they are impracticable untill about the 1st of June, at which time even there is an abundance of snow but a scanty
subsistence may be obtained for the horses.—

We should not therefore forward ourselves on our homeward journey by reaching the rocky mountains early than the 1st of June, which we can easily effect by seting out from hence on the 1st of April.—

The Clatsops Chinnooks &c. in fishing employ the common streight net, the scooping or diping net with a long handle, the gig, and the hook and line. the common net is of different lengths and debths usually employed in taking the sammon, Carr and trout in the inlets among the marshey grounds and the mouths of deep creeks. the skiming or scooping net to take small fish in the spring and summer season; the gig and hook are employed indiscriminately at all seasons in taking such fish as they can procure by their means.

their nets and fishing lines are made of the silk-grass or white cedar bark; and their hooks are generally of European manufactary, tho' before the whites visited them they made hooks of bone and other substances formed with two small pieces of bone about the size of a strong twine, these are flattened and leveled off of their extremities. where they are firmly attatched together with sinues and covered with rosin, reduced to a sharp point where it is also bent in
a little and attatched to the line, for about half it's length at the upper extremity. the whole forming two sides of an accute angled triangle

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native American Heritage
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1817 City of Baton Rouge, Louisiana Is Incorporated Louisiana Baton Rouge Lousiana Secretary of State
1830 Alabama's Legislature Charters Tuscumbia Railroad Company to Build State's First Railroad Alabama Railroad Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
1835 Abraham Lincoln Votes in Favor of Bill to Incorporate the Jacksonville Female Academy Illinois Abraham Lincoln Education Lincoln Logs
1839 Abraham Lincoln Writes Bill Establishing Illinois Counties of Menard and Logan Illinois Abraham Lincoln Menard County Logan County Lincoln Logs
1844 Abraham Lincoln Purchases the Only Home He Will Ever Own Illinois Abraham Lincoln Consumer Economics Lincoln Home National Historic Site Lincoln Logs
1847 John C. Fremont Is Appointed Governor of California John C. Fremont California Westward Expansion History Channel
1851 "A Gallant Fireman," Mark Twain's First Known Publication Appears in Hannibal's Western Union Mark Twain American Authors Historic Firsts National Council of Teachers of English
1855 Dardanelle, Arkansas Is Incorporated Dardanelle, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1861 The Crittenden Compromise Is Defeated in the U.S. Senate U.S. Congress Slavery U.S. History American Civil War History Channel
Georgia's Secession Convention Assembles in Milledgeville Georgia American Civil War Milledgeville, Georgia University of Georgia
Oliver Perry Morton Is Sworn In as Indiana's First Indiana-born Governor Oliver Perry Morton Historic Firsts Indiana State Library
1862 Union Troops Take Possession of Florida's Sea Horse Key and Cedar Key Florida American Civil War Cedar Key Florida Historical Society
1863 Abraham Lincoln Borrows Hume's History of England from Library of Congress Illinois Abraham Lincoln Literature Library of Congress Lincoln Logs
1864 Union Ships Capture Two Blockade Runners in Florida Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
Abraham Lincoln Attends a Lecture by Anna Dickinson at Capitol U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1865 General Sherman Issues Special Field Order No. 15: "40 Acres and a Mule" William Tecumseh Sherman American Civil War Farming & Agriculture African American Registry
Abraham Lincoln Receives Report of Interview with Confederate President Jefferson Davis Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1866 Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary to President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis, Is the Last Rebel Prisoner Released from Fort Delaware Delaware American Civil War State of Delaware
1868 A Refrigerator Car Is Patented by William Davis of Detroit, Michigan Detroit Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks Indiana State Library
Samuel Merrill Becomes the Governor of Iowa Iowa Political and Social Leaders State Historical Society of Iowa
1871 Jefferson Franklin Long Sworn in As Georgia's First African-American Congressman Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1873 The British Royal Naval College Greenwich Is Established Great Britain Education Naval History Greenwich Guide
1874 In Minnesota, Willmar Village Is Incorporated Willmar, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1883 U.S. Civil Service Commission Is Established U.S. Government Agencies New York Times
1888 State Legislature Reenacts Suffrage Law Giving Washington Women the Right to Vote Washington Women Women's Suffrage History Link
1890 The Moody Bible Institute in Chicago Is Dedicated Chicago Education Religion Official Website Concordia
1895 Casimir-Perier Resigns As French President French Political and Social Leaders International Herald Tribune
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 Asteroid number 500, Selinur, Is Discovered Asteroids Space and Astronomy NASA
1906 Christian Hülsmeyer Receives U.S. Patent for a Forerunner of Radar German Scientists & Mathematicians Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Radar Technology and Society
1908 Pinnacles National Monument Established in California California National Park Service
1909 British Explorers David, Mawson and Mackay Reach the Magnetic South Pole British Explorers Antarctica Historic Firsts 70south
1910 First U.S. Aviation Meet Is Held in Los Angeles Los Angeles Aviation Historic Firsts NASA
1916 Austro-Hungarian Troops Take Control of the Balkan State of Montenegro World War I History Channel
1919 Nebraska, Missouri & Wyoming Complete Ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution Nebraska Missouri Wyoming The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Illegal Drugs New York Times
1920 Prohibition Begins as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Takes Effect Nebraska The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Illegal Drugs New York Times
First Annual Conference of the Assembly of the League of Nations Is First Convened in Paris Paris The League of Nations Historic Firsts Northwestern University
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Is Founded at Howard University Women African-American Heritage Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Howard University African American Registry
1921 Gale Force Winds Drive a Sand Blizzard over Western Minnesota Minnesota Wind Minnesota Historical Society
1931 U.S. Post Office Issues Commemorative Stamp Honoring Polish Patriot Casimir Pulaski Casimir Pulaski U.S. Postal Service American Revolution University of Georgia
1935 FBI Agents Kill Ma Barker and her Gangster Family Name Lake Weir, Florida Florida Notorious Americans The FBI Death Florida Historical Society
1936 A "Photo-finish" Camera Is used for the First Time at Florida's Hialeah Race Track Florida Horse Racing Photography Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1938 Spanish Rebel Planes Begin Daily Bombing of Barcelona from Majorca Spain Air Disasters War Barcelona NASA
Benny Goodman's Orchestra Performs First Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert New York City Benny Goodman Jazz PBS
1942 Actress Carol Lombard Dies in Plane Crash Indiana Performing Artists Film Air Disasters New York Times
1945 Adolph Hitler Retreats to His Bunker for Last 105 Days of WWII Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 The Chevrolet Corvette Is First Introduced at New York Car Show New York City Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
1954 South Pacific Closes in New York after 1925 Performances New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1957 Little Richard Records "Lucille" Little Richard Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists University of Georgia
1959 West Virginia Hotel Refuses Service to African American Players: Elgin Baylor Boycotts Game West Virginia Racism African-American Sports Figures NBA West Virginia State Archives
1961 University of Georgia's First Two African-American Students Restart Classes Georgia Education African-American Heritage University of Georgia University of Georgia
1963 Tennessee Williams' "The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" Opens on Broadway Tennessee Williams Plays Internet Broadway Database National Council of Teachers of English
1964 Carol Channing Debuts in Hello Dolly! Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database Library of Congress
1967 Lurleen Wallace Is Inaugurated As Alabama's First Female Governor Alabama Politics Women Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
1968 Soldier from Detroit First from Michigan to Earn the Medal of Honor in Vietnam Detroit Military Figures Congressional Medal of Honor Vietnam War State of Michigan
1969 All Parties Agree to Initiate Vietnam War Peace Talks Vietnam War U.S. Department of State
Soviet Soyuz 4 & Soyuz 5 Are First Two Piloted Spacecraft to Dock in Space Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Historic Firsts American Institute of Aeronatics and Astronautics NASA
University of Washington Joins the National Grape Boycott Washington Foods  and Nutrition United Farm Workers University of Washington History Link
1970 Colonel Kadhaffi Becomes Premier of Libya Libya BBC
Curt Flood Files Lawsuit Challenging Baseball's Reserve Clause Baseball Labor Constitutional Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts New York Times
1973 The 430th and Last Episode of Bonanza Is Aired Television Internet Movie Database Ponderosa Scenary
1974 Mickey Mantle & Whitey Ford Elected to Baseball Hall of Fame Whitey Ford Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
1977 Benin Repels an Invasion by Mercenary Troops Benin Encyclopedia of Nations
1979 Shah of Iran Flees Country Amid Demonstrations and Revolt Iran History Channel BBC
6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 200+ in Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1980 Fire Destroys the Original Legal Sea Foods Fish Market and Restaurant in Cambridge, Massachusetts Cambridge, Massachusetts Foods and Nutrition Fire Safety Official Website Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1981 Gunmen Shoot Northern Ireland Civil Rights Activist, Bernadette McAliskey, in Her Home Northern Ireland Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights Gun Control Terrorism BBC
1984 Jim Henson Renews Kermit the Frog's Copyright Jim Henson Puppetry Copyright USPTO
1990 11,000 Soviet Troops Are Sent to Azerbaijan Soviet Union Azerbaijan Cold War History Channel
1991 Gulf War Begins When U.S.-led Coalition Attacks Iraq (0230 01/17 Baghdad time) Iraq The Gulf War History Channel New York Times
1992 12-year El Salvador Civil War Ends El Salvador New York Times
1994 4.6 Magnitude Earthquake Is Largest in Pennsylvania's Recorded History Pennsylvania Earthquakes USGS
1997 Raytheon Acquires Hughes Electronics Businesses & Corporations Raytheon EconEdLink History Channel
Bill Cosby's Only Son, Ennis, Is Shot to Death While Changing Flat Tire in Los Angeles Los Angeles Bill Cosby Gun Control Death CNN
Bomb Blasts an Hour Apart Rock an Atlanta Abortion Clinic Georgia Abortion Terrorism CNN
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 Ricardo Lagos Is Elected Chile's First Socialist President Since Salvador Allende Chilean Political and Social Leaders Elections CNN
2001 Laurent Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Is Killed in a Shooting at His Home Democratic Republic of Congo Death CNN BBC
Oil Tanker Runs Aground Off the Galapagos Islands Galapagos Naval History BBC
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-107) Launched for Extended Microgravity Investigations Columbia Disaster NASA