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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What holiday was first observed in all 50 states on this date 1993? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who discovered the Sandwich Islands on this date in 1778? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to KidsReads, for what magazine did A.A. Milne serve as an assistant editor for eight years? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Alan Schroeder (according to Harcourt):

1. What musical production was copyrighted on this date in 1957? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the U.S. Congress, from which two states did Daniel Webster serve as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Northwestern University, which hospital was founded by Daniel Hale Williams? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1920 work by A.A. Milne (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Inventors Hall of Fame, for what system did Ray Dolby receive patent #3,846,719?

2. According to Contemporary Writers, what is the title of Grace Nichols' first novel?

3. According to USA Today, what contract clause did baseball player Curt Flood challenge in 1968?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Arthur Ransome (according to James Madison University):
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
Born on This Date 1782

[National Portrait Gallery]

U.S. Congress

Daniel Hale Williams
Daniel Hale Williams
Born on This Date 1858



A.A. Milne
A.A. Milne
Born on This Date 1882

[Nalle Puh]

Primary Children's Authors

Ray Dolby
Ray Dolby
Born on This Date 1933



Grace Nichols
Grace Nichols
Born on This Date 1950

[British NPG]


Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Winnie the Pooh Day
(In honor of the birth of A.A. Milne, author of Winnie the Pooh: 01/18/1882)
A.A. Milne Primary Children's Authors
Ethiopia: Timket (Epiphany)
(Jan 18-20 three-day celebration of the Epiphany in accordance with the Julian calendar)
Ethiopia Religion Epiphany/Twelfth Night Ethiopian River Valley of Safaris
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1882 A.A. Milne (English Children's Author of the Winnie the Pooh Stories) A.A. Milne Primary Children's Authors
1884 Arthur Ransome (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors Arthur Ransome Society
1934 Raymond Briggs (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists Wikipedia
1950 Grace Nichols (Guyanese Poet, Children's Author) Guyanese Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Poetry
1958 Catherine Anholt (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1961 Alan Schroeder (California-born Children's Author) California Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Harcourt
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1779 Peter Mark Roget (English Author of Roget's Thesaurus) Peter Mark Roget Reference Resources
1817 Julia Lee Sinks (Ohio-born Texas Historian) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Texas History History Texas State Historical Association
1935 Jon Stallworthy (English Poet) British Authors & Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1799 Joseph Dixon (Massachusetts-born Inventor and Founder of the Dixon Lead Pencil) Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Dixon
1813 Joseph Farwell Glidden (New Hampshire-born Farmer, Merchant Whose Improvements Led to the Mass Production of Barbed Wire) Joseph Farwell Glidden Inventors & Inventions Animals Westward Expansion
1825 Edward Frankland (English Chemist Who Discovered the Spectral Lines in Sunlight Associated with the Element Helium) English Scientists & Mathematicians Chemical Bonding Spectroscopy Helium
1854 Thomas Watson (Massachusetts-born Inventor Associate of Alexander Graham Bell) Thomas Watson Alexander Graham Bell Inventors & Inventions Telegraph Telephone
1858 Daniel Hale Williams (Pennsylvania-born African-American Physician Who Performed the First Recorded Successful Heart Surgery) Daniel Hale Williams Medicine The Heart African-American Scientists & Mathematicans
1861 Hans Goldschmidt (German Chemist Who Developed Thermite for Welding) German Scientists & Mathematicians University of Berlin (German)
1888 Thomas Sopwith (English Engineer, Industrialist Who Developed and Manufactured the Sopwith Camel World War I Aircraft) English Scientists & Inventors Aviation History Peanuts World War I
1921 Yoichiro Nambu (Japanese-born Asian-American 2008 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Yoichiro Nambu Subatomic Particles Asian-American Scientists & Mathematicians 2008 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1933 Ray Dolby (Oregon-born Engineer Who Developed Dolby Noise-Reduction Sound Systems) Ray Dolby Inventors & Inventions Sound
Business Leaders
1820 John R. Buchtel (Ohio-born Industrialist, Philanthropist, Namesake if Buchtel University (University of Akron)) Ohio Business Leaders Business Philanthropy Education University of Akron
1874 Myron Taylor (New York-born Financier, Diplomat) New York Business Leaders President Franklin Roosevelt World War II
Political and Social Leaders
1782 Daniel Webster (New Hampshire-born Orator, Constitutional Lawyer, U.S. Senator) Daniel Webster Law & Legal Resources U.S. Congress U.S. Government
1804 Thomas Newton (Virginia-born Member of the U.S. Congress From Arkansas) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Arkansas History Commission
1850 Seth Low (New York City-born President of Columbia University: 1890-1901) New York City Political and Social Leaders Education Columbia University
1912 Daniel Thomas McCarty (31st Governor of Florida) Florida Politics Florida Historical Society
Performing Artists
1892 Oliver Hardy (Georgia-born Comedic Actor) Oliver Hardy Actors Film
1904 Cary Grant (English Actor) Cary Grant Actors Film
1913 Danny Kaye (New York City-born Actor) Danny Kaye Actors Film
1941 Bobby Goldsboro (Florida-born Popular Singer) Florida Performing Artists Popular Musicians The Internet Movie Database
David Ruffin (Mississippi-born African American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Mississippi Performing Artists Rock and Roll hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists The Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1955 Kevin Costner (California-born Actor) Kevin Costner Actors Film
1969 Jesse L. Martin (Virginia-born African-American Actor) Virginia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television African-American Performing Artists The Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1938 Curt Flood (Texas-born African-American Who Successfully Challenged Professional Baseball's Reserved Clause) Texas Sports Figures Baseball Labor Law & Legal Resources African-American Sports Figures USA Today
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1677 Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeek (Dutch Explorer) Dutch Explorers South African History
1782 John Pringle (Scottish President of the Royal Society; the "Father of Modern Military Medicine") Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Medicine BBC
1862 John Tyler (Virginia-born 10th President of the United States) John Tyler American Presidents
1902 Gideon Scheepers (South African Boer leader Executed by the British) South African Political and Social Leaders Great Britain Capital Punishment South African History
1908 Herman Snellen (Dutch Ophthalmologist Who Developed the Snellen's Test for Determining Acuteness of Vision.) Dutch Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors & Inventions Medicine
1936 Rudyard Kipling (English Author) Rudyard Kipling: 1907 Nobel Laureate for Literature British Authors 1907 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1955 Luis Enrique Erro (Mexican Engineer Who Helped Establish the Advanced School of Mechanical Engineers and Electricians and the National Polytechnic Institute) Mexican Political & Social Leaders Hispanic Heritage
1991 Leo Hurwitz (New York City-born Filmmaker) Leo Hurwitz Filmmakers
1996 Minnesota Fats (New York City-born Billiards Champion) New York City Sports Figures Games
2008 Bobby Fischer (Chicago-born World Chess Champion) Bobby Fischer Chess
2010 Kate McGarrigle (Canadian Folk Musician) Kate McGarrigle Folk Musicians
Robert B. Parker (Massachusetts-born Novelist) Robert B. Parker American Authors
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1486 The Marriage of Henry VII of Lancaster and Elizabeth of York Unites the Two Warring Houses British History Henry VII Penn State University
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1562 The Third Session of the Roman Catholic Council of Trent Opens Catholicism Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1711 The Assateague Indians Are Granted 1,000 Acres on the South Side of the Indian River by the Maryland Assembly Maryland Delaware Native American Heritage State of Delaware
1776 British Warships Arrive at Savannah, Georgia Georgia Colonial History American Revolution Naval History University of Georgia
Patriots Take Georgia Colony's Royal Governor into Custody Georgia Colonial History American Revolution The History Channel
1778 Captain James Cook Discovers the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) James Cook Hawaii Naval History The History Channel
1788 Ship Carrying 736 Convicts Arrives in Australia to Establish Penal Colony Australia Naval History Prisons The History Channel
1796 The First United States Ten-cent Coins Are Produced Coins Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 Detroit, Michigan Is Incorporated Detroit State of Michigan
1803 President Jefferson Makes Funding Request for Lewis & Clark Expedition U.S. Congress President Thomas Jefferson Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery The History Channel
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine worm morning, Mr. La Rock & McKinzey Came down to See us with them Several of the Grosse Venrees

Whitehouse: This day we had clear cold Weather, about 12 o'Clock A. M. two of our Hunters came to the Fort, & informed us, that Sergt pryors
party had killed 4 deer 4 Wolves, and a Brarerow,

In the afternoon two Men, belonging to the North West company of Traders came to the Fort also, they had
come from the Gross Vaunters Village, they informed us, that The North West company, had Men employ'd trading at that Nation. They told us that the Animals which are called the Brarerows, were a Specie of the Badger, which they said were common in Europe.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes Temperature

Deer Wolves Badgers

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Two of the Clatsops who were here yesterday returned today for a dog they had left; they remained with
us a few hours and departed. no further occurrence worthy of relation took place.

the men are still much engaged in dressing skins in order to cloath themselves and prepare for our homeward journey.

The Clatsops Chinnooks &c construct their houses of timber altogether.

[Rectangular plank houses broadly similar to those of the Chinookan peoples were the characteristic form along the Pacific Coast from southern Alaska to northern California. While commonly semi-subterranean, they were sometimes constructed entirely above ground. Although varying considerably in terms of construction detail and gross size, the gabled-style Chinookan house was found at least as far north as the Quinaults and as far south as the southern Oregon coast.]

they are from 14 to 20 feet wide and from 20 to 60 feet in length, and acommodate one or more families sometimes three or four families reside in the same room. thes houses are also divided by a partition of boards, but this happens only in the largest houses as the rooms are always large compared with the number of inhabitants.

these houses are constructed in the following manner; two or more posts of split timber agreeably to the
number of divisions or partitions are furst provided, these are sunk in the ground at one end and rise perpendicularly to the hight of 14 or 18 feet, the tops of them are hollowed in such manner as to receive the
ends of a round beam of timber which reaches from one to the other, most commonly the whole length of the building, and forming the upper part of the roof;

two other sets of posts and poles are now placed at proper distances on either side of the first, formed in a similar manner and parrallel to it; these last rise to the intended hight of the eves, which is usually about 5 feet. smaller sticks of timber are now provided and are placed by pares in the form of rafters, resting on, and
reaching from the lower to the upper horizontal beam, to both of which they are attatched at either end with the cedar bark; two or three ranges or small poles are now placed horizontally on these rafters on each side of the roof and are secured likewise with strings of the Cedar bark. the ends sides and partitions are then formed with one range of wide boards of abut two inches thick, which are sunk in the ground a small distance at their lower ends and stand erect with their upper ends laping on the outside of the eve poles and end rafters to which they are secured by an outer pole lying parallel with the eve poles and rafters being secured to them by chords of cedar bark which pass through wholes made in the boards at certain distances for that purpose; the rough [roof] is then covered with a double range of thin boards, and an aperture of 2 by 3 feet left in the center of the roof to permit the smoke to pass.

these houses are sometimes sunk to the debth of 4 or 5 feet in which cace the eve of the house comes nearly
to the surface of the earth. in the center of each room a space of six by eight feet square is sunk about twelve inches lower than the floor having it's sides secured with four sticks of squar timber, in this space they make their fire, their fuel being generally pine bark. mats are spread arround the fire on all sides, on these they set in the day and frequently sleep at night. on the inner side of the hose on two sides and sometimes on three, there
is a range of upright peices about 4 feet removed from the wall; these are also sunk in the ground at their lower ends, and secured at top to the rafters, from these other peices ar extended horizontally to the wall and are secured in the usual method by bark to the upright peices which support the eve poles. on these short
horizontal pieces of which there are sometimes two ranges one above the other, boards are laid, which either form ther beads, or shelves on which to put their goods and chattles of almost every discription.

their uncured fish is hung on sticks in the smoke of their fires as is also the flesh of the Elk when they happen
to be fortunate enough to procure it which is but seldom.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1830 Henry Baldwin (CT) Is Sworn in As Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court Connecticut Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1837 Congress Revises U.S. Coinage Laws, Mottoes and Devices on U.S. Coins U.S. Congress Coins U.S. Treasury
1838 Caddo Parish, Louisiana Is Created Louisiana Official Website Louisiana Secretary of State
1841 British Take Control of Hong Kong Great Britain Hong Kong British National Army Museum
1842 The Virginia General Assembly Creates Wayne County, West Virginia West Virginia Virginia West Virginia State Archives
1846 Taylor University Is Established in Fort Wayne, Indiana, under Methodist Sponsorship Indiana Education Religion Taylor University Concordia
1849 Stephen A. Douglas, Senator from Illinois, Introduces a Bill to Organize the Minnesota Territory Minnesota Stephen A. Douglas U.S. Congress Minnesota Historical Society
1850 The Boston Museum Publishes "Ethan Brand: A Chapter from an Abortive Romance" by Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel Hawthorne American Authors National Council of Teachers of English
1856 Seminole Indians Attack a Detachment of Six U.S. Soldiers Near Florida's Fort Deynaud Florida Seminole Indians Florida Historical Society
1861 Georgia's Secession Convention Establishes Requirements for Remaining in the Union Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
Despite Confederate Demands, Union Soldiers Refuse to Surrender Florida's Fort Pickens Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 U.S.S. Stars and Stripes Captures British Blockade-runner Laura Off Florida's Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1865 President Lincoln Considers Possible Peace Talks with Confederate President Jefferson Davis Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Indiana's Governor Sends an Envoy to Washington, D.C. to Negotiate an Exchange for Indiana Soldiers Captured in Georgia Indiana Georgia Washington, D.C. Prisoners of War American Civil War Indiana Historical Society
1870 Atlantic Monthly Publishes "The Cathedral," a Poem by James Russell Lowell James Russell Lowell American Authors Poetry National Council of Teachers of English
1882 Seattle Lynch Mob Hangs Three Accused of Murder Washington Crime Capital Punishment History Link
1887 In Minneapolis, John L. Sullivan Breaks His Arm in the 1st Round, But Continues Boxing Until the Fight Is Called a Tie After 6 Rounds Minneapolis, Minnesota John L. Sullivan International Boxing Hall of Fame Minnesota Historical Society
1888 Lucius Lamar (GA) Is Sworn in As Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1892 Frank Hibbing Arrives in St. Louis County, Minnesota to Test for a Mine Site That Will Eventually Bear His Name Hibbing, Minnesota Iron Minnesota Historical Society
1896 Chicago Defeats Iowa 15-12 in First Intercollegiate Basketball Game University of Chicago University of Iowa Basketball Historic Firsts Library of Congress
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Fire Destroys Much of Dassel, Minnesota Dassel, Minnesota Fire Minnesota Historical Society
1902 South African Boer Leader, Gideon Scheepers, Is Executed by British Authorities South African Political and Social Leaders Great Britain Capital Punishment South African History
1903 Guglielmo Marconi Transmits the First Trans-Atlantic Radio Message from Cape Cod to England Guglielmo Marconi Great Britain Massachusetts President Theodore Roosevelt Radio Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1905 Wright Brothers Negotiate with U.S. Government for Purchase of One Aircraft The Wright Brothers U.S. Government Business NASA
1908 The Jewish Congregation Sons of Israel Is Chartered in St. Augustine. Florida St. Augustine, Florida Judaism Florida Historical Society
In Janesville, Wisconsin, a Warehouse Fire Destroys 4,000 Cases of Tobacco with Losses Estimated at $250,000 Janesville, Wisconsin Fire Business Wisconsin  Historical Society
1911 Pilot Eugene B. Ely Lands the First Aircraft on the Deck of a Ship Aviation History Naval History Historic Firsts The New York Times
1912 Scott Expedition Reaches South Pole Only to Discover That Amundsen Arrived First Antarctica Robert Falcon Scott Roald Amundsen The New York Times The History Channel
1915 Japan Seeks to Strengthen Its Position in China by Imposing Its Twenty-One Demands Japan China Economics World History Humanities Web
1919 The World War I Peace Congress Opens in Versailles, France France Treat of Versailles World War I The History Channel
1930 Two Passenger Trains Collide Head On in Janesville, Wisconsin With Only 3 Persons Injured Janesville, Wisconsin Railroads Wisconsin  Historical Society
1943 Jewish Armed Resistance Attacks as Nazi's Resume Deportation of Warsaw Jews to Concentration Camp Poland Nazi Germany Judaism Treblinka World War II The History Channel
The Nazi Siege of Leningrad Is Broken Nazi Germany Soviet Union World War II The New York Times
1947 Two Different men Claim the Right to be Governor of Georgia Georgia Politics University of Georgia
1948 Original Amateur Hour Debuts on Television Television The Internet Movie Database The History Channel
1949 William Dawson (IL) Elected Chairman of House Expenditures Committee Illinois Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts African American Registry
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Soviet Union & China Recognize the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Vietnam China Soviet Union Cold War The History Channel
1957 Three of Five B-52 Bombers Complete First Nonstop Flight Around the World (45h 20m) Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
A Copyright Is Registered for the Lerner and Lowe Musical "My Fair Lady" Copyright Plays USPTO
1958 Willie O'Ree Is First Black Man to Play in the National Hockey League Canadian Sports Figures NHL African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts African American Registry The New York Times
Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic Broadcast on CBS-TV the First of 53 "Young People's Concerts" over 24 Years New York Philharmonic Leonard Bernstein Classical Music Child Advocacy Television CBS American Public Media
1961 Congo Prime Minister, Patrice Lumumba, and Members of His Government Are Murdered African History Belgium Death The BBC
1962 Student Protests the Closing of Louisiana's Largest African-American Southern University Lousiana Education Civil Rights African-American History Louisana101
President and Mrs. Kennedy Host a White House Dinner Party in Honor of Composer Igor Stravinsky Igor Stravinsky The White House President John Kennedy Composers American Public Media
1966 Robert C. Weaver First African-American Member of Presidential Cabinet Washington, D.C. Political & Social Leaders President Lyndon Johnson African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts HUD
1969 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 11 in South Africa South Africa Earthquake Death USGS
1971 Texas State Officials Are Charged with Stock Fraud Texas Markets & Investments Crime Texas State Historical Association
1974 NASA Launches Skynet IIA Defense Communications Satellite Space Exploration Technology NASA
The Six Million Dollar Man Debuts on Television Television The Internet Movie Database The History Channel
1975 The Jeffersons Debuts on Television Television The Internet Movie Database
1976 Pittsburgh Steelers Defeat the Dallas Cowboys 21-17 in Super Bowl X Football NFL Logo USA Today The New York Times
1978 "Take This Job and Shove It" by Johnny Paycheck Reaches #1 on the Billboard Charts Ohio Performing Artists Popular Music Billboard EconEdLink The History Channel
1982 5.5 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Landslides, Kills 2 in Guatemala Guatemala Earthquake Death USGS
1985 U.S. Walks Out of Nicaraguan Contras Case Before the World Court Nicaragua Iran-Contra Scandal The World Court The History Channel
1989 Otis Redding Is Inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Otis Redding Rock & Roll Hall  of Fame African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
1990 Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry Is Arrested for Drug Possession Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Crime Illegal Drugs African American Registry The History Channel
1991 Eastern Airlines Shuts Down after 62 Years in Business Aviation History Business & Economics The New York Times
1993 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 9,748 in Southern India India Earthquake Death USGS
The Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday Observed in All 50 States for First Time Martin Luther King, Jr. African-Amrican Heritage Historic Firsts The New York Times
1994 Minnesota Governor Arne Carlson Closes All State Schools Due to Extreme Cold Temperatures Minnesota Education Education Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1998 Ragtime, a Musical Based on the Novel by E.L. Doctorow, Debuts on Broadway at the New Ford Center for the Performing Arts E.L. Doctorow American Musicals Plays African-American Heritage Internet Broadway Database