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Texas Flag The American Civil War

JANUARY 19

The American Civil War Texas Flag
 
 

Texas
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Which two countries were admitted to the United Nations on this date in 1993? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1972, who became the youngest player ever elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Scholastic, what are three important themes in Pat Mora's children's books? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Pat Mora (according to Houghton Mifflin):
BEG THY SKI
INTERMEDIATE

1. What is the name of the disabled author who won Great Britain's Whitbread Award on this date in 1988? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Cotton Times, whose engine did James Watt improve upon? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the History Channel, what did Grant concede to Robert E. Lee on 05/19/1864? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Edgar Allan Poe:
ON REEL

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, why was Edgar Allan Poe removed from the University of Virginia after his first year?

2. According to his biography at the Webmuseum, what was the name of the novelist with whom Paul Cézanne formed a close friendship?

3. According to the History Channel, on this date in 1961, President Eisenhower cautioned President Kennedy that Laos might be the key to what?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Patricia Highsmith (according to the History Channel)
WIREY PLUNDER RATE
 
 
Picture
James Watt
Born on This Date 1736

[Spartacus]

The Steam Engine

Picture
Robert E. Lee
Born on This Date 1807

[New York Times]

American Civil War

Picture
Edgar Allen Poe
Born on This Date 1809

[University of Virginia]

American Authors

Picture
Paul Cezanne
Born on This Date 1931

[Webmuseum]

Artists

Picture
Pat Mora
Born on This Date 1942

[Official Website]

Primary Children's Author

 
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National Penguin Awareness Day Penguins
Ethiopia: Timket (Epiphany)
(Jan 18-20 three-day celebration of the Epiphany in accordance with the Julian calendar)
Ethiopia Religion Ethiopian River Valley of Safaris
Texas: Confederate Heroes Day
(Observed on the birth date of Robert E. Lee)
Confederate Heroes Day Robert E. Lee
Calendar
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1750 Isaiah Thomas (Massachusetts-born Printer, Patriot Pamphleteer and Publisher of Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Journalism American Revolution
1925 Nina Bawden (English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1927 Corinne Gerson (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1941 Susan Dodson (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Par Mora (Texas-born Latin-American Poet, Children's Author) Pat Mora Primary Children's Authors Poetry Latin Americans
Authors Born on this Date
1809 Edgar Allan Poe (Massachusetts-born Poet, Writer of Short-Story Mysteries) Edgar Allan Poe Poetry
1887 Alexander Woollcott (New Jersey-born Writer, Critic) Alexander Woollcott
1921 Patricia Highsmith (Texas-born Suspense Novelist) Patricia High Smith
1946 Julian Barnes (English Fiction Writer) Julian Barnes
Artists
1749 Isaiah Thomas (Boston-born Printer) Massachusetts Artists American Revolution Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1839 Paul Cezanne (French Artist) Paul Cezanne
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1936 Elliott Schwartz (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Business Leaders
1918 John H. Johnson (Arkansas-born Publisher of Ebony Magazine) Arkansas Buisness Leaders Journalism Business & Economics Noted African Americans African American Registry
Military Leaders
1807 Robert E. Lee (Virginia-born Confederate General) Robert E. Lee American Civil War
1931 Carl Brashear (Kentucky-born First African-American Master Diver in the U.S. Navy) Kentucky Military Leaders Noted African Americans African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1736 James Watt (Scottish Engineer, Pioneering Inventor of the Steam Engine) James Watt Physics The Steam Engine Electricity and Magnetism
1813 Henry Bessemer (English Engineer Who Invented an Iron Purification Process for Steel Production) Henry Bessemer Inventors & Inventions Iron
1837 William Keen (Pennsylvania-born Surgeon Who Performed the First Successful Operation on a Brain Tumor in the U.S.) Pennsylvania Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research The Brain
1724 Tai Chen (Chinese Philosopher) Chinese Social & Political Leaders Philosophy
1790 Auguste Comte (French Philosopher) French Social & Political Leaders Philosophy
1842 George Trumbull Ladd (Ohio-born Psychologist, Philosopher, Theologian) Ohio Social & Political Leaders Religion Philosophy Psychologist
1928 Dainin Katagiri Roshi (Japanese Zen Buddhist Abbot, Teacher; Founder of the Minnesota Zen Meditation Center) Japanese Social & Political Leaders Minnesota Social & Political Leaders Buddhism Minnesota Zen Meditation Center
Political and Social Leaders
1892 Olafur Thors (Prime Minister of Iceland) Icelandic Social & Political Leaders
1906 Anna Tanneyhill (Massachusetts-born African-American Educator, Rights Advocate for Minority Youth) Massachusetts Political and Leaders Child Advocacy African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Performing Artists
1923 Jean Stapleton (New York-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television Biography.com
1930 Tippi Hedren (Minnesota-born Actress) Minnesota Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1939 Phil Everly (Chicago-born Country Musician) Chicago Performing Artists Country & Western Music Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1942 Michael Crawford (English Actor) Engish Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1943 Janis Joplin (Texas-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Janis Joplin Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1946 Dolly Parton (Tennessee-born Country Musician, Songwriter) Dolly Parton Country & Western Music American Composers Film
Sports Figures
1969 Junior Seau (California-born Professional Football Player) California Sports Figures Football Professional Football
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1649 Charles I, King of England (Executed by Oliver Cromwell) Oliver Cromwell British Monarchy Concordia
1847 Charles Bent (Governor of New Mexico Killed by Mexican Rebels) Charles Bent New Mexico Mexico History Channel
1942 William Andrews (Iowa-born Member of the U.S. Congress From Nebraska) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Nebraska Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress State Historical Society of Iowa
1980 William O. Douglas (Minnesota-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) William O. Douglas U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1990 Arthur Goldberg (Chicago-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Arthur Goldberg U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1996 A.G. Gaston (Alabama-born African-American Business & Civil Rights Leader) A.G. Gaston U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Business Leaders
1997 James Dickey (Georgia-born American Author) James Dickey American Authors
1998 Carl Perkins (Tennessee-born Country Musician) Tennessee Performing Artists Country & Western Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events that occurred 1400-1499 on this date
1442 Eleanor Cobham Is Convicted of Attempting to Use Sorcery to Kill King Henry VI of England Great Britain King Henry VI Greenwich Guide
Historic Events that occurred 1600-1699 on this date
1649 England's King Charles I, Is Executed by Members of Oliver Cromwell's Army Oliver Cromwell King Charles I Concordia
Historic Events that occurred 1700-1764 on this date
1735 Hanged in Savannah, Alice Riley Is the First Women Executed in Georgia Savannah, Georgia Colonial History Women Capital Punishment Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1764 British Journalist-Politician, John Wilkes, Is Expelled from Parliament for His Writings British Authors & Journalists Journalism British House of Parliament History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a find Day Messrs. Larock & McKinzey [Larocque and McKenzie with the Northwest Trading Company] returned home

Sent three horses down to our hunting Camp for the meet they had killed, Jussoms Squar, left him and went to the Village

Whitehouse: The weather continued Cold and Clear, Our Officers sent two of the Men, with three horses down the River, to the hunting Camps for meat,—the distance being about 30 Miles from the Fort, They proceeded on the Ice the River being fast froze over for some time past.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Kentucky University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning sent out two parties of hunters, consisting of Colter and Willard whom we sent down the bay towards point Adams, and Labuish and Shannon whom we sent up Fort River; the fist by land and the latter by water.

we were visited today by two Clatsop men and a woman who brought for sale some Sea Otter skins of which we purchased one, giving in exchange the remainder of our blue beads consisting of 6 fathoms and about the same quantity of small white beads and a knife. we also purchased a small quantity of train oil for a pair of Brass
armbands and a hat for some fishinghooks.

these hats are of their own manufactory and are composed of Cedar bark and bear grass interwoven with the fingers and ornimented with varioius colours and figures, they are nearly waterproof, light, and I am convinced are much
more durable than either chip or straw. These hats form a small article of traffic with the Clatsops and Chinnooks who dispose of them to the whites. the form of the hat is that which was in vogue in the Ued States and great
Britain in the years 1800 & 1801 with a high crown reather larger at the top than where it joins the brim; the brim narrow or about 2 or 2˝ inches.

Several families of these people usually reside together in the same room; they appear to be the father & mother
and their sons with their son's wives and children; their provision seems to be in common and the greatest
harmoney appears to exist among them.

The old man is not always rispected as the head of the family, that duty most commonly devolves on one of the
young men. They have seldom more than one wife, yet the plurality of wives is not denyed them by their customs.

These families when ascociated form nations or bands of nations each acknowledging the authority of it's own chieftain who does not appear to be heridatiry, nor his power to extend further than a mear repremand for any
improper act of an individual; the creation of a chief depends upon the upright deportment of the individual & his ability and disposition to render service to thecommunity; and his authority or the deference paid him is in exact equilibrio with the popularity or voluntary esteem he has acquired among the individuals of his band or nation.

Their laws like those of all uncivilized Indians consist of a set of customs which have grown out of their local situations. not being able to speak their language we have not been able to inform ourselves of the existence of
any peculiar customs among them.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 The Delaware General Assembly Asks the U.S. Congress to Fortify the States's Coastline in Anticipation of War with Great Britain Great Britain Delaware U.S. Congress War of 1812 State of Delaware
1818 First Legislature of the Alabama Territory Convenes in the Territorial Capital of St. Stephens St. Stephens, Alabama Historic Firsts Alabama State Archives
1839 Waterloo (Austin) Is Approved As the New Capital of the Republic of Texas Republic of Texas Texas State Historical Association
1840 Explorer Charles Wilkes Claims the Eastern Coast of Antarctica for the United States New York City Explorers Antarctica Explorers History Channel
1841 The Western Farmer, Michigan's First Farm Journal, Is Published Michigan Media Journalism Farming & Agriculture Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1847 Mexican Rebels Kill New Mexico's Governor, Charles Bent Beginning the Taos Revolt Charles Bent New Mexico Mexico Death State of New Mexico History Channel New Mexico Magazine
1852 Georgia's Governor Signs Act Creating the Georgia Academy for the Bind, Macon Macon, Georgia Education Blindness Official Website University of Georgia
1853 Verdi's Opera ''Il Trovatore'' Premieres in Rome Verdi Opera New York Times
1858 German Free School Association Is First Austin School Chartered by Texas Legislature Austin, Texas Education Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1861 Special Georgia State Convention Votes 208-89 to Secede from the Union Georgia Georgia Ordinance of Secession American Civil War History Channel University of Georgia
Federal Forces Occupy Florida's Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas Florida American Civil War Forts National Park Service Florida Historical Society
1862 Union Troops Defeat the Confederates at Battle of Logan's Crossroads, KY Kentucky Battle of Logan's Crossroads History Channel
U.S.S. Itasca Captures the Confederate Ship, Lizzie Weston, Off the Florida Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 Federal Ships Captures Two Blockade Runners Transporting Cotton Near Florida's Jupiter Inlet Florida's Jupiter Inlet District American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1865 Presidents Lincoln Writes General Grant Requesting a Position for His Son Robert President Abraham Lincoln Ulysess S. Grant American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Presidents Lincoln Considers Proposed Exchange of Confederate Prisoners Held in Indiana Indiana President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
Presidents Lincoln Contacts Secretary Stanton About Treatment of Confederate Troops Seeking Amnesty President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1866 Smallpox Epidemic Causes Atlanta, Georgia to Built a Temporary Hospital Atlanta, Georgia Smallpox University of Georgia
1871 Savannah, Georgia Is the First City to Declare Robert E. Lee's Birthday a Public Holiday Savannah, Georgia Robert E. Lee Holidays Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1875 John Cochran Is Inaugurated Governor of Delaware in the New Kent County Court House on the Dover Green Delaware State of Delaware
1881 Western Union Takes Over Atlantic and Pacific Co. Business & Economics Western Union History Channel
1891 José Mosqueda Leads a Robbery of the Rio Grande Railroad Texas Railroad Crime Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1893 In Indiana, the Blackford County Courthouse Is Condemned As Unsafe for County Records and Unhealthy for People Blackford County, Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1894 African-American Railroad Worker, John Hardy, Is Hanged in McDowell County, West Virginia McDowell County, West Virginia Capital Punishment African-American Heritage West Virginia State Archives
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 The Military Department of Alaska Is Established by the Secretary of War Alaska Alaska Historical Society
1904 Thomas Edison Receives Patent #750,102 for an Electric Automobile Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions The Automobile Electricity & Magnetism Rutgers University (pdf)
1909 Thomas Edison Receives Patent #909,877 for an Improvement to the Telegraph Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions The Telegraph Rutgers University (pdf)
1915 Two German Zeppelins Conduct the First Air Raid on England Great Britain Germany World War I Aviation History History Channel
Parisian Georges Claude Receives U.S. Patent #1,125,476 for Process to Make Neon Signs Claude Georges Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Neon American Sign Museum
DOUBLEMINT Trademark Is Registered Trademarks Doublemint USPTO
1926 Radio Station WIOD Begins Broadcasting from Florida's Collins Island Near Miami Beach Florida's Jupiter Inlet District Radio WIOD Florida Historical Society
1937 Texas Millionaire Howard Hughes Breaks All Aviation Speed Distance Records Howard Hughes New York California Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1939 William Faulkner's Novel, The Wild Palms, Is Published William Faulkner American Authors National Council of Teacher of English
1940 The Three Stooges' You Natzy Spy Premieres The Three Stooges Film History Channel Internet Movie Database
1941 British Forces Invade Italian-occupied Eritrea Great Britain Italy Eritrea World War II History Channel
1942 "Woman of the Year" Opens at Radio City Music Hall New York City Katharine Hepburn Film Internet Movie Database
1944 Labor Settles Wage Dispute as the Federal Goverment Relinquishes Control of Railroads President Franklin Roosevelt Railroads Business & Economics Labor and Labor Day History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Communist China Recognizes North Vietnam China Vietnam The Cold War History Channel
1954 Patent 2,666,298 Is Issued to African-American Inventor, F.M. Jones, for a Defroster Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions Noted African Americans California State University Stanislaus (pdf)
William Faulkner Arrives in Rome After Visiting England, France, and Switzerland Italy William Faulkner American Authors National Council of Teacher of English
1955 First Presidential News Conference Is Filmed for Television and Newsreels President Dwight Eisenhower Film Television Historic Firsts History Channel
1959 Three Federal Judges Rule That the State of Virginia Cannot Close Schools to Avoid Integration Virginia Education Racism Education Law & Legal Resources 14th Amendment Virginia Historical Society
The Virginia Supreme Court Finds That Cutting Off State School Funds to Prevent Integration Violates the State Constitution Virginia Education Racism Education Law & Legal Resources 14th Amendment Virginia Historical Society
1960 President Eisenhower Signs Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security with Japan Japan President Dwight Eisenhower Historic U.S. Documents Eisenhower Presidential Library
1961 Eisenhower Cautions JFK on the Importance of Laos Laos Vietnam President Dwight Eisenhower President John F. Kennedy History Channel
NASA Selects Hughes Aircraft Co. to Build Seven Surveyor Spacecraft for Soft Lunar Landings Lunar Exploration Business NASA
1965 NASA Launches Unmanned Gemini 2 Test Spacecraft Space Exploration NASA
1966 Indira Gandhi Is Elected Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi Elections History Channel BBC
1970 Louisiana's Governor Urges Defiance of Court-Mandated Bussing to Desegregate Schools Louisiana Education Human Rights/Civil Rights Law & Legal Resources Louisiana Secretary of State
President Richard Nixon Nominates G. Harold Carswell to the Supreme Court President Richard Nixon U.S. Congress U.S. Supreme Court New York Times
1972 36-year-old Sandy Koufax Youngest Player Ever Elected to Baseball HOF New York City Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1974 Notre Dame Snaps UCLA's 88-game Winning Streak, 71-70 Basketball University of Notre Dame UCLA New York Times
1975 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 42 in Tibet's Kashmir Border Region Tibet Earthquakes Death USGS
1976 A Federal District Judge Rules the Milwaukee Public Schools Are Illegally Segregated in Violation of the 14th Amendment Milwaukee , Wisconsin Racism Education Law & Legal Resources 14th Amendment Wisconsin Historical Society
1977 President Gerald R. Ford Pardons Iva Toguri, "Tokyo Rose" President Ford Propaganda World War II Asian-American Heritage History Channel
1978 The First of Three Storms Hits the Midwest U.S. in the Blizzard of '78 Illinois Indiana Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin Snow Wind Ohio Historical Society
1979 Former Attorney General John Mitchell Is Paroled After Serving 19 Months in Prison Alabama Political and Social Leaders President Richard Nixon Law & Legal Resources Crime New York Times
1981 U.S. & Iran Agree to Release of 52 Americans Hostages Held 14+ Months Iran Hostage Crisis President Ronald Reagan War on Terrorism New York Times
6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 305 in Indonesia Indonesia Earthquakes Death USGS
1983 Klaus Barbie, the Nazi "Butcher of Lyons," Is Arrested in Bolivia Bolivia Nazi Germany World War II War Crimes History Channel
1988 Disabled Irish Author, Christopher Nolan, Wins Britain's Whitbread Award Christopher Nolan Special Education BBC
1990 Police Clash with Anti-Apartheid Demonstrators at South African Cricket Match South Africa Apartheid Law & Legal Resources BBC
1991 Texas' Big Bend Ranch State Park Is Opened to the Public Big Bend Ranch State Park, Texas Official Website Texas State Historical Association
1993 Czech Republic and Slovakia are Admitted to the United Nations United Nations Czech Republic Slovakia
1994 Indianapolis, Indiana Experiences Its Lowest Temperature in Recorded History (-27 F) Indianapolis, Indiana Temperature Historic Firsts NOAA
1995 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5 in Colombia Colombia Earthquakes Death USGS
1997 Yasser Arafat Leads Palestinian Celebration in the West Bank Palestine Yasser Arafat Israel CNN
Historic Events from 2000 to Present that Occurred on this Date
2001 President Clinton Reaches Deal to End the Monica Lewinsky Criminal Investigation President Bill Clinton Law & Legal Resources Crime PBS
U.S. Department of Interior Gives Federal Recognition to Seattle's Duwamish Tribe Washington U.S. Government Duwamish Tribe Official Website History Link