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JANUARY 20

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1961, what poem did Robert Frost recite at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1945, which American president was inaugurated for a record fourth term? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to his Scholastic biography section, where did Tedd Arnold take his first art lessons? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:
A SAND NO MERRY
INTERMEDIATE

1. In what year on this date was Martin Luther King Day first celebrated as a Federal Holiday? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Pittsburg State University, from what university did Eva Jessye receive a lifetime certificate for teaching? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Elsa Canada, what is perhaps Joy Adamson's greatest gift to wildlife? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1904 work by Johannes V. Jensen (according to Authors' Calendar)
HUL JET

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to NASA, from what university did Buzz Aldrin receive a doctorate in astronautics?

2. According to his Cornell University faculty home page, what are David Lee's research areas?

3. According to the Academy of American Poets, what was Maya Angelou's name at birth?

Use all of these letters to spell the English title of a 1953 film by Federico Fellini (according to Author's Calendar)
THREE FOALS
 
 
Picture
Eva Jessye
Born on This Date 1895

[University of Michigan]

Music

Picture
Joy Adamson
Born on This Date 1910

[Late Bloomers]

Lions

Picture
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
Born on This Date 1930

[NASA]

Space

Picture
David Lee
Born on This Date 1931

[Nobel Foundation]

Icon for HeliumIcon for the 1996 Nobel Prize for Physics

Picture
Tedd Arnold
Born on This Date 1949

[Tedd Arnold Website]

Primary Authors

 
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Cheese Day Cheese Foods & Nutrition
Brazil: Saint Sebastian Day
(The patron saint of soldiers, archers and athletes)
Brazil Catholicism U.S. Department of State
Bulgaria: Baba Den (Grandmother's Day)
(Holiday of pagan origins in honor of all those who help care for small children)
Baba Den Child Advocacy
Ethiopia: Timket (Epiphany)
(Jan 18-20 three-day celebration of the Epiphany in accordance with the Julian calendar)
Ethiopia Religion Epiphany/Twelfth Night Ethiopian River Valley of Safaris
Guinea-Bissau: National Heroes Day
(Commemoration of the assassination of freedom fighter Amílcar Cabral: 1/20/1973)
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau Expedia
Laos: Army Day
(Commemorates the creation of the Laos Army: 01/20/1949)
Laos Expedia
Mali: Armed Forces Day
Mali U.S. Department of State
United States: Inauguration Day
(Observed per the 20th Amendment since 1937)
United States Presidential Inaugurations 20th Amendment
Calendar
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1910 Helen Hoover (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors Young-adult Authors Science
1939 Mary Anderson (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Young-adult Authors
1949 Tedd Arnold (New York-born Children's Author) Tedd Arnold American Artists Primary Authors
Authors Born on this Date
1873 Johannes V. Jensen (Danish Poet; 1944 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Johannes V. Jensen Poetry 1944 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1902 Nâzim Hikmet (Turkish Poet, Playwright) Nâzim Hikmet Poetry Plays
1945 Robert Olen Butler (Illinois-born Winner of the 1993 Pulitzer Prize in Fiction) Illinois Authors & Illustrators 1993 Pulitzer Prize in  Fiction for A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain Writer's Almanac
1950 Edward Hirsch (Chicago-born Poet) Edward Hirsch Poetry
Artists
1894 Harold Lincoln Gray (Illinois-born Cartoonist) Illinois Artists Cartoons and Comics
Composers
1586 Johannes Schein (German Composer) German Composers Composers
1894 Eva Jessye (Kansas-born African-American Composer, Choral Director, Writer, Actress) Eva Jessye American Composers African American Performing Artists
1895 Walter Piston (Maine-born Composer) Walter Piston American Composers
Explorers and Astronauts
1930 Edwin E. (Buzz) Aldrin Jr. (New Jersey-born Astronaut) Buzz Aldrin Astronauts Apollo 11: First Manned Moon Landing
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1775 André-Marie Ampère (French Physicist) André-Marie Ampère Physics Electricity and Magnetism
1910 Joy Adamson (Austrian Naturalist, Author) Joy Adamson Kenya Lions Authors
1931 David Lee (New York-born Physicist; 1996 Nobel Laureate for Physics) David Lee Physics Helium 1996 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Political and Social Leaders
1732 Richard Henry Lee (Virginia-born Statesman; Signer of the Declaration of Independence) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Constitution Virginia Historical Society
1734 Robert Morris (English-American Merchant Who Signed the Declaration of Independence) Robert Morris Business Declaration of Independence
1815 Josiah W. Begole (Governor of Michigan born in New York) New York Political and Social Leaders Michigan Political and Social Leaders Politics State of Michigan
1856 Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch (New York-born Woman's Suffrage Advocate) Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch Women's Rights Women
1920 Cardinal John O'Connor (Pennsylvania-born Roman Catholic Cardinal) John O'Connor Catholicism
Performing Artists
1877 Ruth St. Denis (American Dancer) American Performing Artists Dance
1896 George Burns (New York City-born Comedic Actor; 1975 Best Actor Academy Award for Sunshine Boys) George Burns Actors Television Film 1975 Best Actor Academy Award for Sunshine Boys
1920 Federico Fellini (Italian Filmmaker) Federico Fellini Filmmakers
DeForest Kelley (Georgia-born Actor) Atlanta, Georgia Actors Internet Movie Database University of Georgia
1924 Slim Whitman (Florida-born Country & Western Singer) Tampa, Florida Country and Western Musicians Internet Movie Database
1926 Patricia Neal (Kentucky-born Actress) Kentucky Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1935 Luther Tucker (Tennessee-born African-American Blues Guitarist) Tennessee Performing Artists Jazz and Blues African American Performing Artists
1937 Dorothy Provine (South Dakota-born Actress) Deadwood, South Dakota Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1946 David Lynch (Montana-born Filmmaker) David Lynch Filmmakers
1956 Bill Maher (New York city-born Political Commentator) Bill Maher Television
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1568 Miles Coverdale (English Publisher of the First Printed English Bible) English Political and Social Leaders The Bible Religion Concordia
1612 Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor Italy Catholicism
1779 David Garrick (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors
1828 Sarah Lincoln Grigsby (Kentucky-born Sister of Abraham Lincoln) Elizabethtown, Kentucky Spencer County, Indiana Abraham Lincoln National Park Service
1907 Dmitr Mendeleev (Russian Organizer of the Periodic Table of Elements) Dimtri Mendeleev Chemistry The Periodic Table
1936 King George V, King of England English History English Monarchy
1947 Josh Gibson (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Josh Gibson The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum Famous African Americans
1973 Amílcar Cabral (Guinea Nationalist Leader: Assassinated) Guinea-Bissau
1984 Johnny Weissmuller (Hungarian-American Member of the Swimming Hall of Fame) Hungarian Sports Figures Swimming Hall of Fame The Olympic Games Actors Film New York Times
1993 Audrey Hepburn (Belgian Actress) Audrey Hepburn Actors Film
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1320 Wladyslaw I (Wladyslaw the Short) Is Crowned King of Poland Polish Political and Social Leaders Polish-American Journal
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1603 The Oregon Cape Framed by a 700' Cliff Is Named "Cape Sebastian" by Explorer Sebastian Vizcaino in Honor of Saint Sebastian Oregon North American Explorers Oregon Parks Department SalemOregon.com
1649 The Trial of King Charles I of England Begins in Westminster Hall British History Charles I of England MS Encarta
1633 68-year-old, Galileo Leaves Florence to Face the Inquisition in Rome Italian History Galileo Galilei Catholicism
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1702 French Colonists Establish Fort Louis de la Mobile 27 Miles Up River from Mobile Bay Mobile, Alabama Colonial America Alabama Archives
1733 Georgia's First Colonists Arrive Aboard the Anne at Beaufort on Port Royal Island Georgia Colonial America University of Georgia
1777 Patriot Militia Defeat 500 British Troops At Millstone, New Jersey Millstone Township, New Jersey American Revolution History Channel
1778 Captain James Cook Lands at Waimea Bay on the Hawaiian Island of Kauai James Cook Hawaii Naval History Captain Cook  Society
1788 African Baptist Church Founded in Savannah, GA, by a Slave, Andrew Bryan Georgia Religion Slavery African-American History University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that occurred on this date
1801 President John Adams Helps to Put Out a Fire at the Treasury Department President John Adams Fire Safety U.S. Treasury
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cold fair day Several Indians at the fort to day

a miss understanding took place between the two inturpeters on account of their Squars, one of the Squars of Shabownes [Toussaint Charbonneau] Squars
being Sick, I ordered my Servent
[Ben York] to, give her Some froot Stewed
and tee at dift Tims which was the Cause of the misundstd

Gass: I went up with one of the men to the villages. They treated us friendly and gave us victuals. After we were done eating they presented a bowlful to a buffaloe head, saying, "eat that." Their superstitious credulity is so great, that they believe by using the head well the living buffaloe will come and that they
will get a supply of meat.

Whitehouse: We still continued to have clear cold weather.

some of our Men went up to the 1st Mandan Indian Village, on their return they informd us, that they had been well used by the Indians of that Town, and that they had given them, plenty to eat, of buffalo Meat, beans, & pounded Corn boil'd.—

They informed us, that after they had finish'd eating That the Mandan Indians
put a quantity of the same Victuals into a Woodin Bowl. they then brought forward the Head of a buffalo, which they fell down & Worshipped, and then set before it, the Bowl of Victuals, and said (as our Interpreter who was with us told us) Eat this, and tell the live Buffaloes, to come in to us, so that we may get plenty of Buffalo meat to Eat.— They let this Bowl remain before the head of the buffalo, 'till our Men left their Village.— The party who was at this Village also say that those Indians, possess very strange and uncommon Ideas of things in general, They are very Ignorant, and have no Ideas of our forms & customs, neither in regard to our Worship or the Deity &ca.

They are Indians of very Quick apprehension, of anything in their way; and Conceited in themselves to a fault.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04 North Dakota Map: 10/26/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Native American Tribes Temperature Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Visited this morning by three Clatsops who remained with us all day; the object of their visit is mearly to
smoke the pipe.

on the morning of the eighteenth we issued 6 lbs. of jirked Elk pr. man, this evening the Sergt. repoted that it was all exhausted; the six lbs. have therefore lasted two days and a half only. at this rate our seven Elk will last us only 3 days longer, yet no one seems much concerned about the state of the stores; so much for habit.

we have latterly so frequently had our stock of provisions reduced to a minimum and sometimes taken a small touch of fasting that three days full allowance excites no concern. In those cases our skill as hunters afford us some consolation, for if there is any game of any discription in our neighbourhood we can track it up and kill it. most of the party have become very expert with the rifle.

The Indians who visited us today understood us sufficiently to inform us that the whites did not barter for the pounded fish; that it was purchased and consumed by the Clatsops, Chinnooks, Cathlahmah's and Skillutes.

The native roots which furnish a considerable proportion of the subsistence of the indians in our neighbourhood are those of a species of Thistle, fern and rush; the Liquorice, and a small celindric root the top of which I have not yet seen, this last resembles the sweet pittatoe very much in it's flavor and consistency.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 Brockholst Livingston Is Sworn In As Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1809 William Maclure Publishes the First Geology Book in the United States Geology Literature Historic Firsts Cartography Associates
1824 In Delaware, the African School Society of Wilmington Is Incorporated by African Americans for the Education of Their Children Wilmington, Delaware Education African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1827 Jefferson County, Florida Is Created in Honor of President Thomas Jefferson Jefferson County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1828 Sarah Lincoln Grigsby, Sister of Abraham Lincoln, Dies Giving Childbirth Elizabethtown, Kentucky Spencer County, Indiana Abraham Lincoln Death National Park Service
1830 Louisiana's First Railroad Is Chartered Louisiana Railroads Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of State
1841 Convention of Chuanbi Cedes Island of Hong Kong from China to Great Britain Great Britain Hong Kong World History History Channel
1845 The Gift Publishes "The Purloined Letter" by Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allen Poe American Authors National Council of Teacher of English
1857 William Kelly Patents the Blast Furnace for Manufacturing Steel William Kelly Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Iron USPTO
1863 President Lincoln Sets the Gauge (Track Width) of the Union Pacific Railroad at 5' President Abraham Lincoln Railroads Standard of Measurement Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Denies Request to Extend Railroad Service to Springfield, Missouri Springfield. Missouri President Abraham Lincoln Railroads American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1864 President Lincoln Orders a Gubernatorial Election to Take Place in Arkansas by April 11 Arkansas President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Elections Lincoln Logs
1865 President Lincoln Places a Ban on the Exportation of Hay from the United States President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Farming and Agriculture Lincoln Logs
1870 Hiram Revels Elected to Fill U. S. Senate Seat Vacated by Jefferson Davis Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Hiram Rhodes Revels Jefferson Davis United States Senator African-American History
Victoria Woodhull & Tennessee Claflin Open First Female U.S. Brokerage Firm Markets and Invesments Women Historic Firsts History Channel EconEdLink
1874 U.S. Patent #146,697 for A "Steam Lubricator" Is Issued to E.J. McCoy Elijah McCoy Patents and Trademarks African-American History California State University Stanislaus (pdf)
1880 Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House Premieres at the Christiania Theatre in Oslo, Norway Henrik Ibsen Plays Historic Firsts Theatre History
1881 In Delaware, Wilmington Replaces the City of New Castle as the County Seat of New Castle County Wilmington, Delaware State of Delaware
1887 U.S. Senate Approves Agreement to Lease Hawaii's Pearl Harbor as Naval Base Hawaii Naval History U.S. History New York Times
In Jasper County, Indiana, the Village of Kniman Is Laid Out by H. Kniman, for Whom the Village Named. Jasper County, Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1890 Florida's First Major Steel Railroad Bridge Opens over the St. John's River Florida Bridges Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1896 Mark Twain Visits Bombay While on a Lecture Tour of India Bombay, India Mark Twain American Authors National Council of Teacher of English
Calamity Jane (Martha Cannary Burk) Appears at the Palace Museum in Minneapolis. Minnesota Minneapolis. Minnesota Missouri Explorers and Pioneers Westward Expansion Minnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 The Wizard of Oz Premieres on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre, New York L. Frank Baum Plays Wizard of Oz Historic Firsts Internet Broadway Database
1908 The Virginia Theater Opens in Wheeling, West Virginia Wheeling, West Virginia Stage and Theater West Virginia Archives
1918 Bolsheviks Issue Decree Disestablishing Religion in Russia and Confiscating Church Properties Russia Religion 17 Moments in Soviet History Concordia
British Defeat Raid by German Battleships Goeben and Breslau on the Aegean Sea Great Britain Germany World War I Naval History History Channel
1927 135th Street Branch of the New York Public Library Opens Negro Division Libraries New York City African-American History New York Public Library
1929 Old Arizona, First Outdoor Full Length Motion Picture, Is Released Film Internet Movie Database Historic Firsts
1931 United Textile Workers at Virginia's Schoolfield Mills End an Unsuccessful 4-month Strike Virginia Business Labor Strikes Virginia Historical Society
1933 Franklin Roosevelt Is Inaugurated as President of the United States President Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency History Channel
Iowa Legislature Ratifies the 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution Iowa 21st Amendment Drugs and Alcohol Iowa State Historical Society
1936 Britain's King George V Dies and Is Succeeded by Edward VIII British History King Edward VIII New York Times
1937 Franklin Roosevelt First President Inaugurated under Provisions of the 20th Amendment President Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency The 20th Amendment to the U.S, Constitution Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1942 Nazis Leaders Conference to Discuss "Final Solution" of the "Jewish Question." Nazi Germany Judiasm The Holocaust World War II History Channel
1944 "Texas Division" Suffers Heavy Casualties Crossing the Rapido River in Italy Italy Texas Military Figures World War II Texas State Historical Association
1945 Franklin Roosevelt Is Inaugurated for a Record Fourth Presidential Term FDR's Fourth Inaugural The American Presidency History Channel
1949 Truman's Inaugural Speech Calls for Technical & Scientific Foreign Aid President Harry Truman Science Farming and Agriculture Cold War History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 In Delaware, J. Caleb Boggs Is Sworn In as Governor at Midnight in Order to Attend President Eisenhower's Inauguration the Same Day Delaware Political and Social Leaders President Dwight Eisenhower The American Presidency State of Delaware
1961 Robert Frost Recites His Poem "The Gift Outright" at President Kennedy's Inauguration Kennedy Inauguration Robert Frost Poetry Library of Congress
The 78-piece Milton, Wisconsin Union High School Band Marches in JFK's Inauguration Parade in Washington, D.C. Milton, Wisconsin Kennedy Inauguration Music Education Wisconsin State Historical Society
1968 UCLA Streak of 47 Victories Ends with 71-69 Loss to U. Houston in Astrodome Basketball University of Houston UCLA USA Today
1969 Richard Nixon Is Inaugurated As 37th President of the United States President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
President Lyndon B. Johnson Bestows the Medal of Freedom on Civil Rights Leader Roy Wilkins Roy Wilkins President Lyndon B. Johnson Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
In Alaska, the Cape Newenham National Wildlife Refuge Is Created Alaska Parks Animals Alaska Historical Society Alaska Historical Society
1970 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One on Japan's Island of Hokkaido Hokkaido, Japan Earthquakes Death USGS
1973 Richard Nixon Is Inaugurated for His Second Term As President President Richard Nixon The American Presidency Library of Congress
Guinea Freedom Fighter Amílcar Cabral Assassinated by Portuguese Agents The Republic of Guinea-Bissau Portugal Death
1977 Jimmy Carter Is Inaugurated as President of the United States Jimmy Carter American Presidency University of Georgia
Patricia Roberts Harris First African-American Female Cabinet Appointee Patricia Roberts Harris President Jimmy Carter African-American History
Floridians See Snow as Far South as Dade County Dade County, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1978 Janet Reno Begins Her Tenure As Florida's First Female State Attorney Florida Women Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1980 Pittsburgh Defeats Los Angeles 31-19 to Win Its Fourth Super Bowl Football USA Today
President Jimmy Carter Announces U.S. Boycott of Olympics in Moscow Soviet Union President Jimmy Carter The 1980 Summer Olympic Games New York Times
1981 Ronald Reagan Is the Oldest President to take Office (69 years and 349 days). President Ronald Reagan The American Presidency History Channel
Iran Releases 52 Americans Held Hostage for 444 Days Iran Hostage Crisis President Jimmy Carter President Ronald Reagan Terrorism History Channel New York Times
1982 Seattle's First General Interest Newspaper for the Chinese Community Is Issued Seattle, Washington Asian-American Heritage Seattle Chinese Post History Link
A 3-day Snowstorm Begins That Will Drop 3' of Snow on the Minnesota Twin Cities Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1986 Martin Luther King, Jr., Day Is Celebrated as a Federal Holiday for the First Time Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Holidays African-American History Historic Firsts New York Times
Lesotho Chief Jonathan Is Overthrown in a Coup by Major General JM Lekhanya Lesotho South Africa Lesotho Parliament
Britain and France Announce Plans to Build the Channel Tunnel. Great Britain France Channel Tunnel New York Times
NASA Researchers Discover Uranus Moons Cordelia & Ophelia Uranus NASA
1987 Lebanese Islamic Militia Kidnap Church of England Peace Envoy, Terry Waite Lebanon Islam Terrorism BBC History Channel
1989 George H.W. Bush Inaugurated as 41st U.S. President President George Bush The American Presidency New York Times
1993 Maya Angelou Recites "On The Pulse of the Morning" at Clinton Inauguration President Bill Clinton The American Presidency Maya Angelou Poetry New York Times
1996 Yasser Arafat Is First Democratically-elected Leader of Palestinian People Palestine Yasser Arafat History Channel
Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-72) Completes 9-day Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1998 Researchers Engineer Two Cloned Calves to Produce High-protein Milk Cows Genetics Cloning Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events from 2000 to Present that Occurred on this Date
2001 George W. Bush Inaugurated as 43rd U.S. President President George W. Bush The American Presidency New York Times
U.S. Senate Confirms Rod Paige As First African-American Secretary of Education Mississippi Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts African American Registry
Filipino Protesters Force the Resignation of President Joseph Estrada Philippino Political and Social Leaders New York Times
2005 George W. Bush Inaugurated for Second Term As U.S. President President George W. Bush The American Presidency CNN
2009 Barack Obama Is Inaugurated as the First African-American U.S. President Barack Obama Inauguration The American Presidency Historic Firsts African-American Political and Social Leaders