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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who became the first female U.S. Secretary of State on this date in 1997? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who became the first Canadian woman in space on this date in 1992? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Scholastic, what book did Rafe Martin's mother use to read him fairy tales? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:

1. Two different Space Shuttle missions were launched on this date 6 years apart. Which Space Shuttle vehicles were used for these two missions? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress, Thornton Wilder is the only person to win two Pulitzer Prizes in what two categories? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, Willa Brown was the first African-American woman to receive what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1944 work by Arthur Miller (according to Authors' Calendar):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to an Oregon State University biography, what position did Francis Bacon's father hold in service to Queen Elizabeth I?

2. According to the Scottish Library Authority, in what city was Lord Byron born?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what scientific contribution was Lev Landau awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physics?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1916 work by Thornton Wilder (according to Authors' Calendar)
Francis Bacon
Born on This Date 1561

[Gale Group]


Lord Byron
Born on This Date 1788

[Scottish Library Authority]


Willa Brown
Born on This Date 1906

[State of Kentucky]


Lev Landau
Born on This Date 1908

[Nobel Foundation]

Physics 1962 Nobel Laureate for Physics

Rafe Martin
Born on This Date 1946

[National Association
of Childbearing Centers]

Primary Children's Authors
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Catholicism: Feast Day of Saint Vincent of Saragossa
(Observed on this date to commemorate Vincent of Saragossa, who was martyred in Spain on this date in 304)
Vincent of Saragossa Catholic Saints Catholic Online Chambers Book of Days
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1927 Sheila Gordon (South African Children's Author) South African Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1930 Blair Lent (Massachusetts-born Children's Author, Illustrator Who Received 1973 Caldecott Medal for The Funny Little Woman) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators American Artists Primary Authors 1973 Caldecott Medal Winner for The Funny Little Woman
Brian Wildsmith (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Artists
1946 Rafe Martin (New York City-born Children's Author) Rafe Martin Primary Authors
1951 Michael Scott Rohan (Scottish Children's Author) Scottish Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors and Poets
1561 Francis Bacon (English Statesman, Philosopher, Author Who Led the English Renaissance) Francis Bacon Philosophy
1729 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (German Philosopher, Dramatist, Critic) German Authors Philosophy
1788 Lord Byron (English Poet) Lord Byron Poetry
1849 August Strindberg (Swedish Playwright, Novelist) Swedish Authors Plays
1894 Charles Morgan (English Author) English Authors
1922 Howard Moss (New York City-born Poet, Editor of the New Yorker) Howard Moss Poetry Journalism
1937 Joseph Wambaugh (Pennsylvania-born Crime Novelist) Pennsylvania Writers Writer's Almanac
1802 Richard Upjohn (English-born American Architect) English Artists & Architects American Artists & Architects
1879 Francis Picabia (Paris-born Artist, Writer) French Artists & Architects Artists & Architects
Classical Performers
1897 Rosa Ponselle (Connecticut-born Coloratura Soprano) Connecticut Performing Artists Opera
1904 George Balanchine (Russian-born American Choreographer) George Balanchines Ballet
1923 Leslie Bassett (California-born Composer) California Composers American Composers
1924 James Louis ("J.J.") Johnson (Indiana-born African-American Jazz Composer, Trombonist) Indiana Performing Artists Jazz American Composers African-American Composers
Explorers, Aviators  and Astronauts
1906 Willa Brown (Kentucky-born African-American Aviator) Willa Brown Aviation Famous African Americans
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1865 Louis Paschen (German Physicist, Spectroscopist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Physics Light
1908 Lev Davidovich Landau (Azerbaijani 1962 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Lev Davidovich Landau Physics Plasma Helium 1962 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1850 Robert Brookings (Maryland-born Businessman, Philanthropist) Maryland Business Leaders Philanthropy Brookings Institution
Military Leaders
1892 Marcel Dassault (Paris-born Industrialist, Designer of the French Mirage Fighter Jet) Paris Military Leaders Aviation Military History
Political and Social Leaders
1440 Czar Ivan III of Russia Russian Political and Social Leaders
1570 Robert Bruce Cotton (His Collection of Early British Charters, Royal Letters, Correspondence, Registers, Coins Became Part of the British Museum) English Political and Social Leaders Museums British Museum Chamber's Book of Days
1819 Morton S. Wilkinson (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Minnesota) New York Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1890 Fred M. Vinson (Kentucky-born 13th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court New York Times
1909 U Thant (Myanmar-born Third Secretary General of the United Nations) United Nations Burmese Political and Social Leaders
1928 Birch Evan Bayh, Sr. (Indiana U.S Senator: 1962-1980) Indiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1935 Pierre du Pont, IV (Delaware Governor: 1977-1985; U.S Congressman: 1971-1977) Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
Performing Artists
1875 D.W. Griffith (Kentucky-born Film Director) D.W. Griffith Filmmakers
1920 William Warfield (Arkansas-born African-American Actor, Singer) Arkansas Performing Artists American Musicals American Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1921 Sylvia Rexach (Puerto Rican Popular Musician) Puerto Rican Performing Artists Popular Musicians Latin-American Studies
1932 Piper Laurie (Detroit-born Actress) Detroit Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1934 Bill Bixby (California-born Actor) California Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1935 Sam Cooke (Chicago-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Chicago Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Aritsts African American Registry
1940 John Hurt (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1965 Diane Lane (New York-born Actress) NewYork Performing Artists Actors Film
1981 Beverly Mitchell (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1972 Elvis Stojko (Canadian Olympic Ice Skater) Canadian Sports Figures Ice Skating The Olympic Games
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
304 Vincent of Saragossa (Spanish-born Catholic Saint: First Martyr of Spain) Vincent of Saragossa Catholic Saints Catholic Online
1666 Shah Jahan (Indian Builder of the Taj Mahal) India
1779 Jeremiah Dixon (English Surveyor of the Mason-Dixon Line) English Scientists & Mathematicians Mason-Dixon Line State of Delaware
Claudius Smith (Rebel Tory Leader, Hanged in Goshen, New York) Goshen, New York American Revolution Capital Punishment History Channel
1887 Joseph Whitworth (English Engineer, Inventor) English Scientists & Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Technology and Society
1901 Queen Victoria of England English Political and Social Leaders Queen Victoria History Channel
1909 Richard A C E Erlenmeyer (German Chemist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry
1915 Anna B. Warner (New York-born Children's Author, Hymnist: "Jesus Loves Me") New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Authors Religion American Composers and Songwriters
1922 Pope Benedict XV (Italian-born Pope: 1914-1922) Italian Political and Social Leaders Religion Catholic Popes Concordia
James Bryce (Irish Historian, Jurist, Statesman Irish Authors
1927 John McCausland (Missouri-born Confederate General) Missouri Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1969 Judy Garland (Minnesota-born Singer, Actress: Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz) Judy Garland Actors The Wizard of Oz
1973 Lyndon Johnson (Texas-born 36th President of United States) Lyndon Johnson The American Presidency
1995 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (Massachusetts-born Matriarch of the "Kennedy Clan") Bobby Kennedy Lyndon Johnson
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1510 Maximilian I Grants Permission to Banish All Jews from Colmar, Germany Germany Judaism Jewish Encyclopedia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1779 Rebel Tory Leader, Claudius Smith, Is Hanged in Goshen, New York Goshen, New York American Revolution Capital Punishment Death History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Letter from President Jefferson to Captain Lewis: They reason why I have sent pictures of Mr. Evans is because he is believed to be in search of the Welsh Indians (which are believed to be up the Missouri. N. Orleans was given to the U'States on Dec 20 and the government has established there. You should tell the people (or) Indians that you pass along your trip that their late fathers, the Spaniards have agreed to withdraw all their troops from the water adn country of the Mississippi and Missouri, that the U.S. has becone their fathers and friends. Tell them that you have been sent to enquire into the nature of the country and the nations inhibiting it-to know at what places and times we must establish stores of goods among them to exchange for their pettries. Make an especially friendly impression on the Sioux if you pass them because of their emmense power and because we learn they are very desirous of being on friendly terms with us. The philosophical society has made you a member, just thought you would want to know.
Missouri Illinois Native Americans Louisiana Purchase Camp DuBois
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The party sent for the meat this morning returned with it in the Evening; it was in very inferior order, in short the animals were poor. Reubin Fields also remained with the other hunters Shannon & Labuish

our late supply of salt is out. we have not yet heared a sentence from the other two parties of hunter's who are below us towards Point Adams and the Praries.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 State of Louisiana Adopts Its First Constitution Louisiana State Constitution Historic Documents Louisiana Secretary of State
1813 British, Canadians and Indians Kill 80 Americans and Capture 500 at River Raisin Near Monroe, Michigan Monroe, Michigan War of 1812 Death State of Michigan
1818 Creek Indians Sign the Treaty of Creek Agency Ceding to Georgia Land South of the Altamaha River Georgia Creek Indians Historic Documents University of Georgia
1821 Ohio's Government Authorizes the Creation of School Districts and Tax to Support Schools Ohio Education Education Taxes Ohio Historical Society
The First Steamboat Arrives in Houston, Texas Houston, Texas Steamboats Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1840 The First British Colonists to New Zealand Arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island New Zealand Great Britain Historic Firsts History Channel
1849 The "Alta California" Is the First Daily Newspaper in California California Media Journalism Historic Firsts Learn California
1855 Chief Seattle, Puget Sound Tribal Leaders and Washington's Territorial Governor Sign the Point Elliott Treaty Washington Native Amewrican Heritage Chief Seattle Historic American Documents History Link
1857 In Minnesota, St. John's University Is Chartered by Five Benedictine Monks Minnesota Education Education Catholicism St. John's University
In Michigan, the Flint and Pere Marquette Railroad Is Chartered Michigan Railroad Michigan Historical Society (pdf)
1859 Johannes Brahms' Piano Concerto No. 1 in d, Op. 15 Is First Performed by the Hanover Court Orchestra with the Composer as the Soloist Johannes Brahms Classical Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1861 New York Authorities Seize 200 Guns Purchased for Shipment to Macon, Georgia New York Macon, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1866 A Joint Resolution of the Georgia General Assembly Calls for Removal of Federal Troops from the State Georgia American Civil War Historic Documents University of Georgia
1867 The Northwestern Railroad is the First to Reach Council Bluffs, Iowa Council Bluffs, Iowa Railroad Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1872 Lonoke, Arkansas Is Incorporated Lonoke, Arkansas Arkansas History Commisssion
Arkansas Industrial University Opens in Fayetteville Fayetteville, Arkansas Education University of Arkansas Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commisssion
1879 Zulu Warriors Route the British at IsandIwana: 1271 British Troops Die South Africa Great Britain Zulu War Death South African History BBC
In Nebraska, U.S. Troops Kill More Than 30 Cheyenne Indians Attempting to Return to Their Wyoming Homeland Nebraska Cheyenne Indians Death History Channel
James Shields Is First U.S. Senator to Serve Three States (MO, IL, MN) Missouri Illinois Minnesota U.S. Congress
1882 Fifth Street Presbyterian Church of Troy, New York, Is First Church in America to be Lit by Electric Lights Troy, New York Religion Electricity Historic Firsts Concordia
1883 Texas Repeals Act Offering Land at $.50 an Acre Due to Fraudulent Land Speculation Texas Government Economics Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1889 The Columbia Phonograph Company Is Formed to Lease Graphophones to Businesses Phonograph Business American Public Media
1895 Lifebuoy Soap is Trademarked Soap Trademarks and Patents USPTO
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 West Virginia's Legislature Passes a Joint Resolution Honoring Spanish- American War Hero Andrew S. Rowan West Virginia Military Leaders Spanish-American War West Virginia Archives
1905 First Russian Revolution Begins as Czar's Troops Slaughter Hundreds of Peaceful Labor Protestors 1905 Revolution Labor Revolutions and Revolutionaries Death History Channel
1906 SS Valencia Wrecks on Canada's Vancouver Island: 136 Crew & Passengers Die, 37 Survive Vancouver Island Naval History Death History Link
1912 The Florida East Coast Railway Connecting to Key West Is Completed Key West, Florida Railroads Library of Congress History Channel Florida Historical Society
1917 Woodrow Wilson Calls for "Peace without Victory" End to WWI Woodrow Wilson World War I New York Times
1922 Itasca, Minnesota Records a Temperature of -51 F Itasca County, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1923 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Off the Coast of Humboldt County, California Causes Severe Damage to Many Homes and Buildings Humboldt County, California Earthquake USGS
1924 Ramsay MacDonald British Is Elected as the Labour Party's First Prime Minister British Political and Social Leaders Elections British Council
1929 In Key West, Florida, Ernest Hemingway Completes His Final Draft of A Farewell to Arms Key West, Florida Ernest Hemingway American Authors National Council of Teachers of English
1932 U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) Is Created Herbert Hoover The Great Depression History Channel US Treasury
1935 Snow Is Reported in the Florida Panhandle Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1936 Warroad, Minnesota Records a Temperature of -55 F Warroad, Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
1938 Thornton Wilder's Our Town Is First Performed in Public in Princeton, New Jersey Princeton, New Jersey Thornton Wilder Historic Firsts PBS Theatre History
1939 The First Uranium Atom Is Split at Columbia University Uranium Nuclear Energy Historic Firsts Columbia University
1941 British & Australians Take Tobruk, Libya Libya Great Britain Australia World War II History Channel
1944 Allies Begin Landing at Anzio, Italy Italy World War II New York Times
1946 The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Is Established by Presidential Directive The CIA President Harry Truman World War II National Archives
1947 Hollywood's KLA-TV Is First Television Station West of Mississippi California Television Historic Firsts History Channel
1949 Chinese Communist Forces Take Control of Beijing China Asian History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Soviet and Chinese Leaders Meet in Moscow to Discuss the Presence of Soviet Troops in Manchuria Soviet Union China Asian History
Auto Maker Preston Tucker Is Cleared of Fraud Charges Michigan Business Leaders Automobiles Technology and Society History Channel
1953 Arthur Miller's The Crucible Premieres in New York Arthur Miller Plays The Internet Broadway Database
1956 30 Die and 117 Are Injured in Los Angeles Train Crash Los Angeles Railroads Death Los Angeles Fire Department
1959 Following a Federal Court Decision and Local Civil Rights Rally, Atlanta, Georgia Buses Are Integrated Atlanta, Georgia MARTA Transportation Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1964 Kenneth Kaunda Becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) Zambian Political and Social Leaders South African History
In Wisconsin, a 17.4-Ton Block of Cheddar Cheese Is Produced for the New York World's Fair Wisconsin New York Cheese Wisconsin Historical Society
1965 NASA Launches TIROS 9 Television Infrared Observation Satellite Weather Satellite Space Exploration Meteorology NASA
1967 In Minnesota, Radio Station KSJR (Minnesota Public Radio) Begins Broadcasting from St. John's University in Collegeville Minnesota Media Education Radio Historic Firsts Minnesota Public Radio St. John's University
1968 NASA Launches the Unpiloted Apollo 5 Spacecraft for First Orbital Test of the Lunar Module Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In Premieres on NBC Television NBC Internet Movie Database History Channel
The National Basketball Association Awards a Franchise to be Located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin Basketball Business National Basketball Association Wisconsin Historical Society
1969 NASA Launches OSO-5 Orbiting Solar Observatory Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1970 First Regularly-Scheduled Commercial Boeing 747 Flight Is Made from New York to London London, England New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1971 Communist Rebels Attack Cambodia's Capital Phnom Penh with Artillery for the First Time Cambodia War Asian History
1972 NASA Launches British-Built Intelsat 4 Commercial Communications Satellite Great Britain Space Exploration NASA
1973 U.S. Supreme Court Legalizes Abortion with Roe v. Wade Decision U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Constitutional Law Concordia History Channel New York Times Texas State Historical Association History Link
In Jamaica, George Foreman TKO's Joe Frazier for Heavyweight Boxing Title Jamaica George Foreman Boxing Hall of Fame Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures New York Times
The Orlando "Sentinel" and the Orlando "Evening Star" Combine as the "Sentinel Star" Orlando, Florida Orlando Sentinel Star Florida Historical Society
1975 NASA Launches Landsat 2 Mapping Satellite into Orbit Space Exploration Maps NASA
1979 Walkout by British Public Sector Employees Is Largest Since 1926 Great Britain Labor Actions BBC
1980 Soviets Arrest Andrei Sakharov for Criticizing Military Intervention in Afghanistan Soviet Union Andrei Sakharov Cold War History Channel BBC
The PGA Tournament Policy Board Approves Plans to Create a New Senior PGA Tour Golf PGA New York Times
1984 The Oakland Raiders Defeat the Washington Redskins 38-9 in Super Bowl XVIII The Super Bowl Florida Historical Society
Apple Super Bowl Advertising Announces the Macintosh Television Propaganda Apple CNN
1985 90% of Florida's Citrus Crop Is Destroyed by the State's Worst Freezing Weather of the 20th Century Florida Citrus Industry Weather Economics Florida Historical Society
1988 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Is Felt Across Two-Thirds of Australia Australia Earthquake USGS
1989 5.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 274 People in Tajikistan Tajikistan Earthquake Death USGS
Joe Montana Leads the San Francisco 49ers to a 20-16 Super Bowl Victory Over the Cincinnati Bengals Football Hall of Fame The Super Bowl New York Times
1990 Soviet Troops Move into Azerbaijan Soviet Union Azerbaijan Cold war BBC
1991 Texas Supreme Court Rules the State's System of Public School Funding Is Unconstitutional Texas Government Education Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1992 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-42) for 8-day Microgravity Laboratory Mission Space Shuttle NASA
Dr. Roberta Bondar Is Canada's First Woman in Space Canada Women Space Shuttle Historic Firsts NASA
1996 Former South Korea Leaders Are Charged with Treason and Mutiny for 1980 Massacre of pro-Democracy Activists Korean Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Asian History
1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-81) Returns from 5th MIR Docking Space Shuttle MIR NASA
Madeleine Albright Is Confirmed as the First Female U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright U.S. Government President Bill Clinton Women Historic Firsts New York Times
Kansas Woman Is the First Human to be Hit by Falling Space Debris Kansas Space Exploration Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1998 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-89) for 8th MIR Docking Space Shuttle MIR NASA
Historic Events that occurred 2000 - 2009 on this date
2002 K-Mart Is the Largest Retailer to File Chapter 11 Bankruptcy K-Mart Business Michigan Historical Society (pdf)