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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which state recorded the lowest temperature in U.S. history on this date in 1971? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two Constitutional amendments were ratified on this date 31 years apart? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Kidsread, what events would Katharine Holabird's grandmother take her to on special occasions? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist, mathematician or inventor born on this date:

1. Which five players voted into the Professional Baseball Hall of Fame on this date in four different years? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to African American Registry, in which Maryland town was Amanda Berry Smith born into slavery? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, which constitutional amendment did poll taxes attempt to circumvent? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1943 work from Django Reinhardt's solo discography (according to RedHotJazz):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Guggenheim, with whom did Édouard Manet study from 1850-1856?

2. According to PBS, how did Django Reinhardt lose the use of two fingers on his left hand?

3. According to the Nobel Foundation, for what achievement was Gertrude Belle Elion awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize for Medicine?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Édouard Manet at the Cleveland Museum of Art (according to Artcyclopedia)
Édouard Manet
Born on This Date 1832



Amanda Berry Smith
Born on This Date 1837

Binghamton University


Django Reinhardt
Born on This Date 1910

Gertrude Belle Elion
Born on This Date 1918

[National Academy of Science]

Medical Research Icon for the 1988 Nobel Prize for Medicine

Katharine Holabird
Born on This Date 1948


Young-adult Authors

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
National Handwriting Day
Writing National Handwriting Day Web Site
Pitcairn Island: Bounty Day
(Celebration of the burning of the HMS Bounty by Pitcairn ancestors: 01/23/1790)
Pitcairn Island Naval History Wikipedia
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1911 Charles Parlin Graves (Florida-born Children's Author) Florida Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1948 Katharine Holabird (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Katharine Holabird Young-adult Authors
1950 Susan Mathias Smith (Virginia-born Children's Author) Susan Mathias Smith Young-adult Authors
Authors and Poets
1783 Stendhal (French Novelist of The Red and the Black) French Authors Writer's Almanac
1923 Walter M. Miller (Florida-born Science Fiction Author of Canticle for Leibowitz) Florida Authors
1930 Derek Walcott (St. Lucia-born 1992 Nobel Laureate for Literature) St. Lucia Poetry 1992 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1832 Édouard Manet (French Artist) Édouard Manet Artists & Architects
1967 Belkis Ayón (Cuban Artist) Belkis Ayón Artists & Architects
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1862 David Hilbert (German Mathematician) David Hilbert Calculus
1907 Hediki Yukawa (Japanese-born 1949 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Japanese Scientists Physics Sub-atomic Particles 1949 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1915 William Arthur Lewis (St. Lucia-born African-American 1979 Nobel Laureate for Economics) St. Lucia Economics African American Registry 1979 Nobel Laureate for Economics
1918 Gertrude Belle Elion (New York City-born 1988 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) Gertrude Belle Elion Medical Research 1988 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
Political and Social Leaders
1730 Joseph Hewes (New Jersey-born Signer of Declaration of Independence) New Jersey Declaration of Independence
1765 Thomas Todd (Virginia-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1837 Amanda Berry Smith (Maryland-born African-American Evangelist) Amanda Berry Smith Religion African-American Political and Social Leaders
1915 Potter Stewart (Michigan-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Michigan Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1957 Princess Caroline of Monaco Monaco
Performing Artists
1898 Sergei Eisenstein (Latvian Filmmaker) Latvia Filmmakers New York Times
1910 Django Reinhardt (Belgian Jazz Guitarist) Django Reinhardt Jazz & Blues
1919 Ernie Kovacs (New Jersey Comedic Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Television
1928 Jeanne Moreau (French Performing Artist) French Performing Artists Actors Film
1933 Chita Rivera (Washington, D.C. Latin American Dancer, Actress) Washington, D.C. Performing Artists Dance Actors Latin-American Studies
1943 Gary Burton (Indiana-born Grammy Winning Jazz Musician) Gary Burton Popular Musicans Jazz Grammy
Gil Gerard (Arkansas-born Actor) Arkansas Performing Artists Actors Television
1964 Mariska Hargitay (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Television
Sports Figures
1936 Jerry Kramer (Montana-born Professional Football Player, Author of Instant Replay) Football American Authors
1944 Sergei Belov (Russian Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Russian Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1893 Phillips Brooks (Massachusetts-born Hymnist: "O Little Town of Bethlehem") Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Religion American Composers and Songwriters
Lucius Q.C. Lamar (Georgia-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1944 Edvard Munch (Norwegian Painter) Edvard Munch Artists
1957 Edward Bulwar Cochems (Wisconsin-born Football Coach Who Pioneered the Forward Pass) Wisconsin Sports Figures Football Wisconsin Historical Society
1976 Paul Robeson (New Jersey-born African-American Football Player, Singer, Actor, Rights Activist) Paul Robeson Actors Famous African Americans
Milton Reynolds (Minnesota-born Developer of a Ball-Point Pen) Minnesota Business Leaders Business
1981 Samuel Barber (Pennsylvania-born Composer) Samuel Barber American Composers
1989 Salvador Dali (Spanish Surrealist Painter) Salvador Dali Artists
1993 Thomas Dorsey (Georgia-born African-American "Father of Modern Black Gospel Music") Georgia Performing Artists Gospel Musicians African-American Performing Artists
2005 Johnny Carson (Iowa-born Television Talk Show Host) Johnny Carson Television Actors Internet Movie Database
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1556 Deadliest Earthquake in Recorded World History Kills 830,000 in China China Earthquake Death USGS
1579 Dutch Provinces Sign Union of Utrecht Creating the Netherlands The Netherlands Britannica
1594 William Shakespeare's First Tragedy, Titus Andronicus, Is First Performed England William Shakespeare Plays Historic Firsts Theater History
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1691 Domingo Terán de los Ríos Is Appointed First Governor of Texas Texas Political and Social Leaders Hispanic Heritage Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1719 Prince Hans-Adam I Unites Territories of Schellenberg and Vaduz into Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein European History USDOS
1775 London Merchants Petition the British Parliament for Reconciliation with America London Colonial America Business History Channel
1789 Georgetown University, First U.S. Catholic College, Is Established Washington, D.C. Catholicism Historic Firsts Georgetown University Concordia
1790 Mutineers Burn and Sink the HMS Bounty at Pitcairn Island Mutiny on the Bounty Pitcairn Island Naval History Pacific Union College
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning dispatched Howard and Warner to the Camp of the Saltmakes for a supply of salt.

The men of the garison are still busily employed in dressing Elk's skins for cloathing, they find great difficulty for
the want of branes;

Animal brains were employed in tanning leather; it is to this that Lewis refers, rather than to any lack of intelligence on the part of the men.

we have not soap to supply the deficiency, nor can we procure ashes to make the lye; none of the pines which we use for fuel affords any ashes; extrawdinary as it may seem, the greene wood is consoomed without leaving the residium of a particle of ashes.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1812 7.6 Earthquake Hits New Madrid, Missouri, Causing Mississippi River to Flow Backward Missouri Earthquakes Mississippi River USGS
1831 West Point Cadet, Edgar Allan Poe, Refuses Order to Attend Church Edgar Allan Poe American Authors Religion West Point Military Academy National Council of Teachers of English
1834 Ground Broken for U.S. Customs House on Wall Street New York City U.S. Government Federal Hall U.S. Treasury
1837 U.S. Army Troops Kill Seminole Indian Leader Osuche and His son Near Lake Apopka, FL Lake Apopka, Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1841 Abraham Lincoln Writes "I am now the most miserable man living." Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1845 U.S. Congress Sets November Date for Presidential Elections U.S. Congress The American Presidency Elections New York Times
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell Receives Medical Degree to Become First U.S. Female Physician Elizabeth Blackwell Medicine Women Historic Firsts History Channel
1851 State of Florida Appropriates $1,000 to Build Wagon Road from Miami to Indian River Florida Economics Florida Historical Society
Portland Is the Second City in Oregon to be Incorporated Portland, Oregon
1853 Abraham Lincoln Attends Temperance Lecture by Rev. James Smith Abraham Lincoln Illicit Drugs Lincoln Logs
David Denny and Louisa Boren Are the First Persons Wed with a County Marriage License in King County, Washington King County, Washington Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1854 In Pike County, Indiana, the Village of Glezen Is Laid Out by Stephen R. Hosmer Pike County, Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1855 Earthquake Hits Wellington, New Zealand New Zealand Earthquakes USGS
Snowdrifts Close Railroad Traffic through Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Railroad Snow Lincoln Logs
A Cable Suspension Bridge Between Minneapolis and Nicollet Island Opens as the First Permanent Span over the Main Channel of the Mississippi River Minneapolis, Minnesota Bridges Mississippi River Historic Firsts Minnesota State Historical Society
1856 Count Agoston Haraszthy, "Father of California Viticulture," Imports 100,000 Grape Cuttings of Different Varieties to California California Business Farming & Agriculture Grapes Business Learn California
1857 Earthquake Hits Volosko, Croatia Croatia Earthquakes USGS
Centerville, Iowa Is Incorporated Centerville, Iowa Iowa State Historical Society
1861 Confederate Garrisons in Florida Shut Down the St. Augustine and Jupiter Inlet Lighthouses Florida American Civil War Lighthouses Florida Historical Society
All Georgia Congressmen Resign from the U.S. House of Representatives Georgia U.S. House of Representatives American Civil War University of Georgia
Georgia's Governor Demands Federal Troops to Abandon the Arsenal in Augusta Augusta, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1862 President Abraham Lincoln Concludes the Government Cannot Return Fugitive Slaves Abraham Lincoln Slavery American Civil War Lincoln Logs
President & Mrs. Lincoln Attend the Opera Il Trovatore at the Washington Theater Abraham Lincoln Opera Lincoln Logs
1863 General Hood Removed As Commander of Army of Tennessee American Civil War History Channel
Confederates Hang Former Texas Senator in Fort Smith, Arkansas Fort Smith, Arkansas Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate American Civil War Capital Punishment Texas State Historical Association
Louisa May Alcott Returns Home from Duty as a Civil War Nurse Louisa May Alcott American Authors American Civil War Medicine National Council of Teachers of English
1864 President Lincoln Expresses Support for Plantations That Will Hire Former Slaves as Paid Laborers Abraham Lincoln Slavery American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1865 Federal Tender Fox Captures British Blockade Runner Fannie McRae in Florida's Warrior River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Spends Day Reviewing Court-martial Cases and Military Arrests Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Law and Legal Resources Lincoln Logs
The Privately-Held First National Bank of Minneapolis Commences Business with a Capital of $50,000 Minnesota Business Business Minnesota State Historical Society
1866 Walt Whitman Suffers a Stroke Walt Whitman American Authors Medicine National Council of Teachers of English
1870 U.S. Cavalry Unit Massacres Village of 173 Blackfoot Indians The Blackfoot Indians U.S. History Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date History Channel
1879 British Soldiers Defend Their Rorke's Drift Outpost Against Attack by 3,000 Zulu Warriors South Africa Great Britain Anglo-Zulu War South African History
National Archery Association Is Chartered at a Convention in Crawfordsville, Indiana Crawfordsville, Indiana Archery Official Website StickBow
1880 Aftershocks from Earthquake in Cuba Are Felt in Key West, Florida Cuba Key West, Florida Earthquakes Florida Historical Society
1891 Chicago's Provident Hospital, America's First Integrated Hospital, Is Incorporated Chicago Health Care Racism Historic Firsts Athena
1896 Wilhelm Röntgen Gives First Public Demonstration of X-rays Wilhelm Röntgen Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics Rad Journal
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 West Virginia Legislature Adopts the Rhododendron as the State Flower West Virginia Rhododendron West Virginia
1906 August Kopff Discovers Asteroid 582 Olympia Solar System Space and Astronomy Asteroids NASA
1907 Charles Curtis Is First Native American Elected to Serve in U.S Senate Kansas Political and Social Leaders Native-American Studies Historic Firsts U.S. Senate
1909 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5,500 in Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1911 Novelist David Graham Phillips Is Fatally Wounded Indiana Authors & Illustrators American Authors Gun Control National Council of Teachers of English
1917 The Society of Friends Sponsors a Meeting in Wilmington, Delaware to Promote the Disbanding of the State's Whipping Post Wilmington, Delaware Quakers Law and Legal Resources State of Delaware
1918 First American Military Balloon Ascension Takes Place at Cuperly, Marne, France France Balloons World War I Historic Firsts NASA
1920 The Netherlands Refuses to Extradite Kaiser Wilhelm to the Allies The Netherlands German Political and Social Leaders World War I History Channel
1922 Toronto General Hospital Administers First Insulin Injection as a Treatment for Diabetes Canada Diabetes Historic Firsts History Channel
1923 Aztec Ruins National Monument Opens in New Mexico New Mexico Parks Aztecs Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico Magazine
1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument Is Established Virginia George Washington National Park Service
1933 20th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Is Ratified 20th Amendment to the Constitution Presidential Order of Succession James Madison University
1935 One Inch of Snow Is Reported in Panama City, Florida Panama City, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1937 Leon Trotsky and 17 Others Stand Trial for Plot to Overthrow Stalin Soviet Union Josef Stalin Law and Legal Resources New York Times
1941 Lindbergh Urges U.S. to Negotiate Neutrality Agreement with Hitler Charles Lindbergh World War II History Channel
NASA's Glenn Aircraft Engine Research Center Opens in Cleveland, OH Cleveland, Ohio Space Exploration NASA
Artie Shaw and His Orchestra Record "Moonglow" Popular Music
1943 Duke Ellington Plays Carnegie Hall for the First Time Duke Ellington Famous African Americans Historic Firsts Carnegie Hall Jazz at Lincoln Center American Public Media
"Casablanca" Is Copyrighted Casablanca Patents and Trademarks Humphrey Bogart USPTO
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Israel's Knesset Establishes Jerusalem as the Country's Capital Israel New York Times
1955 14 Die When British Express Train Is Derailed Great Britain Railroads Death BBC
1959 Robert Noyce Records His First Description of an Integrated Circuit Iowa Scientists & Inventors Inventors and Inventions History of Technology Consumer Electronics Association
1960 U.S. Navy Bathyscaphe Trieste 1 Descends 35,820 ft into the Pacific Ocean Oceans and Oceanography Naval History U.S. Navy
1962 Jackie Robinson & Bob Feller Are Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame Famous African Americans University of Georgia
1964 24th Amendment to the Constitution, Barring Poll Taxes, Is Ratified 24th Amendment to the Constitution Elections Taxes Library of Congress History Channel
Production Begins of $5 United States Notes Bearing the Motto "In God We Trust" Currencies Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
Dr. James Hardy Performs the First Human Heart Transplant at U. Mississippi Medical Center Mississippi Medical Research Heart Transplants Historic Firsts University of Mississippi Medical Center
1966 Earthquake Hits Near Dulce, New Mexico Dulce, New Mexico Earthquakes USGS
1968 North Korea Seizes the USS Pueblo Korea The Cold War Naval History History Channel
Joe Medwick Is Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame New Jersey Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1969 The U.S. Senate Confirms Alaska's Walter J. Hickel as the Secretary of the Interior by a Vote of 73 to 16. Alaska Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate Office of the Interior Alaska Historical Society
A Blizzard Dumps 16" of Snow on Hoyt Lakes, Minnesota Hoyt Lakes, Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1970 NASA Launches ITOS 1 US Weather Satellite Space Exploration Weather NASA
1971 Prospect Creek, Alaska Records Lowest U.S. Temperature Ever (-80F) Alaska Temperature Weather Historic Firsts History Channel
1973 President Nixon Announces Vietnam Peace Agreement Reached in Paris President Richard Nixon Vietnam Peace Accords History Channel
1975 "Barney Miller" Premieres on ABC Television Television Internet Movie Database
Ralph Kiner Is Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame New Mexico Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1977 ABC Begins Broadcasting Roots Mini-series Television African-American History Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1979 Willie Mays Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame Alabama Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Famous African Americans New York Times
1981 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 150 in China's Sichuan Province China Earthquakes Death USGS
1983 Bjorn Borg Retires from Tennis Swedish Sports Figures Tennis Hall of Fame Television News Archive
1985 First Televised Debate from Britain's House of Lords British History Television New York Times
O.J. Simpson, Roger Staubach and Joe Namath Are Elected to Pro Football's Hall of Fame Pennsylvania Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame San Francisco Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
Ohio Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame New York Times
1986 Eight Musicians/Groups Inducted in the First Annual Rock 'n Roll Hall of Fame Ceremony Rock and Roll Hall of Fame University of Georgia
NASA Researchers Discover Uranus Moon Bianca Uranus Space and Astronomy NASA
1989 Earthquake Kills 25,000 in Tajikistan Tajikistan Earthquake Death BBC
1992 Hal Roach Awarded Smithsonian Institution's Highest Honor Hal Roach Smithsonian Institution History Channel
1997 Madeline Albright Is Sworn in as America's First Female Secretary of State Madeline Albright American Government Historic Firsts History Channel