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JANUARY 24

Togo Togo
 
 

Togo
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 2002, which foundation became the largest philanthropic trust in the U.S.? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In which state did the U.S. conduct an underground nuclear test on this date in 1979? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the National Inventors Hall of Fame, for what discovery was Charles Goodyear granted patent #3,633? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:
RIA HAND
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 1986, which space probe passed within 51,000 miles of Uranus? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Smithsonian Institution, how many books did Edith Wharton publish in her forty-year writing career? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Gale Group, what organization did Arthur A. Schomburg co-found in 1911? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Edith Wharten:
FOR METHANE
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Brown University, in what year was Frederick II called to Germany to assume the imperial crown?

2. According to Cartage, who was the Scottish chemist Morris Travers worked with on the discovery of Krypton?

3. What was Winston Churchill's full name?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:
WORDAGE HUSK
 
 
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Frederick II (the Great)
Born on This Date 1712

[New Geneva Center]

German Political and Social Leaders

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Edith Wharton
Born on This Date 1862

The Atlantic

American Authors

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Morris William Travers
Born on This Date 1872

[University College of London]

Krypton

Picture
Arthur A. Schomburg
Born on This Date 1874

Africa Within

African-American History

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Charles Boardman Hawes
Born on This Date 1889

Icon for Young-Adult Authors 1924 Newbery Medal Winner for The Dark Frigate

 
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Togo: Liberation Day
(Commemorates ouster of President Nicholas Grunitzky in a 1967 military coup led by Lt. Colonel Etienne Eyadema)
Togo U.S. Department of State BBC
United States: National Speak Up and Succeed Day
(Observed annually on this date)
Leadership Merriam-Webster
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1889 Charles Boardman Hawes (New York-born 1924 Newbery Medal Winner for The Dark Frigate) Charles Boardman Hawes Young-adult Authors 1924 Newbery Medal Winner for The Dark Frigate
1922 John Beatty (Oregon-born Children's Author) Oregon Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1964 Maya Christina Gonzalez (California-born Latin-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Maya Christina Gonzalez American Artists Young-adult Author Latin-American Studies
Authors and Poets
1670 William Congreve (English Playwright) English Authors Plays
1732 Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (Paris-born Playwright) Paris Authors Plays
1776 E.T.A. (Ernst Theodor Amadeus) Hoffmann (German Composer, Artist, Author of Short Stories and Novels) German Authors Composers Artists
1850 Mary Noailles Murfree (Tennessee-born Author Who Wrote under the Pseudonym Charles Egbert Craddock) Tennessee Authors and Illustrators National Council of Teachers of English
1862 Edith Wharton (New York City-born Author: First Female Novelist to Win the Pulitzer Prize) Edith Wharton 1921 Pulitzer Prize for Novel: The Age of Innocence
1888 Vicki Baum (Austrian-born American Author of Grand Hotel) Austrian Authors
1920 Keith Douglas (English Poet Killed in the Invasion of Normandy) English Authors & Illustrators Poetry World War II Writer's Almanac
1933 Louis W. Hodges (Mississippi-born Religious Ethicist) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Religion
1944 James Morgan (Mississippi-born Journalist, Popular Author) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Journalism
Artists
1664 John Vanbrugh (English Baroque Architect) English Authors, Architects & Designers
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1913 Norman Dello Joio (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
1919 Leon Kirchner (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
1925 Maria Tallchief (Oklahoma-born Native-American Prima Ballerina) Oklahoma Performing Artists Ballet Native American Heritage Internet Movie Database Biography.com
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1872 Morris William Travers (English Chemist Who co-Discovered the Elements Neon, Krypton, and Xenon) Morris William Travers Chemistry Krypton
1928 Desmond Morris (English Zoologist, Author of The Naked Ape, Host of Zootime on BBC Television) English Scientists & Mathematicians Animals
1918 Oral Roberts (Oklahoma-born Religious Leader) Oklahoma Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Oral Roberts University
Political and Social Leaders
76 Hadrian (Emperor of Rome) The Roman Empire
1712 Frederick II the Great (King of Prussia) Frederick the Great
1816 Coles Bashford (New York-born Governor of Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1874 Arthur A. Schomburg (Puerto Rican African-American Historian) Arthur A. Schomburg African-American History Latin-American Studies
Performing Artists
1915 Mark Goodson (California-born Television Producer of What's My Line, To Tell the Truth, Password, Match Game, Family Feud, The Price is Right California Performing Arts Television Biography.com
1917 Ernest Borgnine (Connecticut-born Actor) Connecticut Performing Arts Actors Film Biography.com
1939 Ray Stevens (Georgia-born Country Singer, Composer) Georgia Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians Internet Movie Database
Doug Kershaw (Louisiana-born Country Musician) Louisiana Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians Internet Movie Database
1941 Neil Diamond (New York City-born Popular Singer) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians Biography.com
Aaron Neville (New Orleans-born African-American Popular Singer) New Orleans Performing Artists Popular Musicians The Neville Borthers Official Web Site
1943 Sharon Tate (Texas-born Actress Killed by Charles Manson) Texas Performing Artists Charles Manson Actors Film Biography.com
1949 John Belushi (Chicago-born Comedic Actor; Saturday Night Live, The Blues Brothers) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Television Film Biography.com
1959 Nastassja Kinski (German Actress) German Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1968 Mary Lou Retton (Virginia-born Member of the Gymnastics Hall of Fame) Virginia Sports Figures Gymnastics Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1903 Robert Bruce Bagby (First African American to Serve on the Indianapolis, Indiana City Council: 1877-79) Indianapolis, Indiana African-American Political and Social Leaders Indiana Historical Society
1930 Rebecca Latimer Felton (Georgia-born, First Female Member of the U.S. Senate) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate
1911 David Graham Phillips (Indiana-born Author: Murdered) Indiana Authors & Illustrators American Authors Gun Control National Council of Teachers of English
1965 Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of England: 1940-45; 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature) English Political and Social Leaders Winston Churchill World War II The Cold War Authors 1953 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1975 Larry Fine (Pennsylvania-born Comedic Actor: Member of the Three Stooges) Pennsylvania Performing Artists The Three Stooges Film Internet Movie Database
1993 Thurgood Marshall (Maryland-born First African-American Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Thurgood Marshall U.S. Supreme Court Famous African Americans
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events from 1000 - 1199 that Occurred on this Date
1076 Germany's Henry VI Convenes the Synod of Worms That Will Charge Pope Gregory VII of Serious Crimes German Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Crime Concordia
Historic Events from 1500 - 1599 that Occurred on this Date
1536 England's King Henry VIII Is Unhorsed While Jousting and Severely Injured by the Fall Great Britain Henry VIII Horses Health Care Greenwich Guide
Historic Events from 1700 - 1799 that Occurred on this Date
1755 Georgia's General Assembly Approves Required Militia Service for All Males 19-60 Georgia Colony Colonial History Georgia Military Figures University of Georgia
1776 Henry Knox Delivers to General Washington the Artillery to Force the British from Boston Boston, Massachusetts George Washington American Revolutionary  War Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1781 Patriot Militia Raid 200 British Troops in Georgetown, South Carolina Georgetown, South Carolina American Revolutionary  War History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine day, our inturpeters appear to understand each others better than a fiew days past Sent out Several hunters, they returned without killing any thing, Cut Coal wood—

Ordway: colder this morning than it has ben for Several days past. in the afternoon five men employed cutting coal wood as our coal was jest Gone.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Temperature

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Drewyer and Baptiest La Paage returned this morning in a large Canoe with Comowooll and six Clatsops. they brought two deer and the flesh of three Elk & one Elk's skin, having given the flesh of one other Elk which they killed and three Elk's skins to the Indians as the price of their assistance in transporting the ballance of the meat to the Fort;

these Elk and deer were killed near point Adams and the Indians carryed them on their backs about six miles,
before the waves were sufficiently low to permit their being taken on board their canoes. the Indians remained with us all day. The Indians witnissed Drewyer's shooting some of those Elk which has given them a very exalted opinion of us as marksmen and the superior excellence of our rifles compared with their guns; this may probably be of service to us, as it will deter them from any acts of hostility if they have ever meditated any such.

My Air-gun also astonishes them very much, they cannot comprehend it's shooting so often and without powder; and think that it is great medicine which comprehends every thing that is to them incomprehensible.—

I observe no difference between the liquorice of this country and that common to many parts of the United States where it is also sometimes cultivated in our gardens. this plant delights in a deep loose sandy soil; here it grows very abundant and large;

the natives roast it in the embers and pound it slightly with a small stick in order to make it seperate more readily from the strong liggament which forms the center of the root; this the natives discard and chew and swallow the ballance of the root; this last is filled with a number of thin membrenacious lamela like net work, too tough to be masticated and which I find it necessary also to discard. this root when roasted possesses an agreeable flavour not unlike the sweet pittaitoe.

they have also another about the same form size and appearance which they use much with the train oil, this root is usually boiled; to me it possesses a disagreeable bitterness. the top of this plant I have never yet seen. The root of the thistle after undergoing the prossess of sweating or baking in a kiln is sometimes eaten with the train oil also,
and at other times pounded find and mixed with could water untill reduced to the consistency of sagamity or indian mush; in this way I think it very agreeable.

but the most valuable of their roots is foreign to this neighbourhood I mean the Wappetoe, or the bulb of the Sagitifolia or common arrow head, which grows in great abundance in the marshey grounds of that beatifull and firtile valley on the Columbia commencing just above the entrance of Quicksand River, and extending downwards for about 70 Miles. this bulb forms a principal article of traffic between the inhabitants of the valley and those of this neighbourhood or sea coast.

The instrument used by the natives in diging their roots is a strong stick of 3˝ feet long sharpened at the lower end and it's upper inscerted into a part of an Elks or buck's horn which serves as a handle, standing transversely with the stick or it is in this form A the lower point, B the upper part or handle.—


Clark: The nativs of this neighbourhood ware no further Covering than a light roabe, their feet legs & every other part exposed to the frost Snow & ice &c.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 The Royal Philharmonic Society Is Formed in London London, England Classical  Music Royal Philharmonic Society American Public Media
1826 Creek Indians Sign Treaty of Washington Ceding Substantial Land in Present-day Georgia Georgia Creek Indians Treaty of Washington University of Georgia
1834 City of Chattahoochee, Florida Is Incorporated Chattahoochee, Florida Florida Historical Society
1837 The Arkansas State Supreme Court Is Organized Arkansas Law and Legal Resources Arkansas History Commission
1838 U.S. Soldiers Capture Forty Seminole Indians at Florida's Loxahatchee River Florida Seminole Indians War Florida Historical Society
1840 Seminole Indians Attack U.S. Soldiers and Kill Four Florida Seminole Indians War Death Florida Historical Society
1843 Abraham Lincoln Attends a Temperance Meeting in Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Illicit Drugs Lincoln Logs
1846 William H. Brockenbrough Is Seated as Florida's First member of the U.S. House of Representatives Florida U.S. House of Representatives Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
Abraham Lincoln Campaigns for Congress in Petersburg, Illinois Petersburg, Illinois U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Politics Lincoln Logs
1848 Gold Is Discovered at Sutter's Lumber Mill in California California Gold Rush Gold Westward Expansion Library of Congress
1860 Etienne Lenoir Receives French Patent for First Successful Internal-combustion Engine Gasoline Engine Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks Historic Firsts Cambridge University
1861 Georgia Militia Take Control of the Federal Arsenal at Augusta Augusta, Georgia American Civil War University of Georgia
1863 President Lincoln Poses for Photographs by Alexander Gardner, Matthew Brady's Assistant Matthew Brady Abraham Lincoln Photography Lincoln Logs
1865 President Lincoln Invites Vice-President-elect Andrew Johnson to His March 4 Inauguration Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson American Presidency Lincoln Logs
1871 Charles Goodyear Patents Machine for Sewing Boots & Shoes Charles Goodyear Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks USPTO
1881 Virginia's Noah Swayne Retires as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1888 Wilmington, Delaware's Electric Street Railway Begins Operation Wilmington, Delaware Transportation Electricity State of Delaware
1895 Under House Arrest in Iolani Palace, Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani Is Forced to Abdicate Hawaiian Political and Social Leaders Encyclopedia Britannica
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 International Commission Submits Determination of the Alaska-Canada Boundary Canada Alaska University of California Santa Barbara
1907 Curtiss Sets Land Speed Record on V-8 Motorcycle (136.29 mph) Automotives Historic Firsts History Channel
1908 Britain's Robert Baden-Powell Organizes First Boy Scout Troop Robert Baden-Powell The Boy Scouts Historic Firsts History Channel
1909 10,000 People Attend a Billy Sunday Revival in Spokane, Washington Spokane, Washington Religion History Link
1915 British and German Navies Battle at the Dogger Bank Great Britain Germany World War I Naval History History Channel
1916 Supreme Court Upholds 16th Amendment (Federal Income Taxes) 16th Ammendment to the U.S. Constitution Income Tax U.S. Supreme Court EconEd
1922 Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, Patents the Eskimo Pie Iowa Scientists & Inventors Foods and Nutrition Patents and Trademarks Eskimo Pies New York Times
Lehman Caves National Monument Is Established Nevada Parks
1923 Warren Harding's Proclamation Establishes Aztec Ruins National Monument New Mexico President Harding The American Presidency Parks
1924 St. Petersburg, Russia Is Renamed as Leningrad Vladimir Lenin New York Times
1925 Excitement Runs High for the Only New England Total Solar Eclipse of the 20th Century Sun Harvard University
1938 Jack & Jill of America Is Founded in Philadelphia Philadelphia, Pennyslvania Child Advocacy Jack & Jill of America African American Registry
1940 In Lewes, Delaware, the Queen Anne Pier Is All but Destroyed by Wind and Snow Lewes, Delaware Naval History Snow Wind State of Delaware
1943 Field Marshal Montgomery's British 8th Army Captures Tripoli, Libya Libya Great Britain World War II Indiana University
Hitler's Orders Nazi Troops to Fight to the Death at Stalingrad Nazi Germany Soviet Union World War II History Channel
Roosevelt and Churchill Conclude Wartime Conference in Casablanca, Morocco Morocco Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt World War II New York Times
1945 In the Philippines, U.S. Troops Liberate Camp O'Donnell and Prisoners of War from Japan The Philippines Japan Prisoners of War World War II New Mexico Magazine
1948 8.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 72 in the Republic of the Philippines Republic of the Philippines Earthquake Death USGS
Tri-cities Unite to Form Baytown, Texas Baytown, Texas Texas State Historical Association
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1960 Martin Luther King Jr. Becomes Co-pastor with His Father of Atlanta's Ebenezer Baptist Church Atlanta, Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Religion National Park Service University of Georgia
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Preaches at Charleston, West Virginia's First Baptist Church Charleston, West Virginia Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Religion West Virginia Archives
1961 B-52 Crash Results in Two Nuclear Bombs Being Dropped on North Carolina North Carolina Air Disasters Nuclear Weapons Technology and Society
Marilyn Monroe Divorces Her Husband of Five Years, Playwright Arthur Miller Marilyn Monroe Arthur Miller BBC
1963 The M/V Malaspina, the First of the Alaska Marine Highway System's Ferries, Arrives in Juneau on Its Maiden Voyage Juneau, Alaska Boats Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1966 117 Die as an Air India Boeing-707 Plane Crashes into Mont Blanc Mont Blanc Air India Death BBC
1967 Lt. Col. Etienne Eyadema Ousts Togo's President Grunitzky in Bloodless Coup Togo U.S. Department of State
1970 Richard Nixon Presents Presidential Medal of Freedom to Conductor Eugene Ormandy Hungarian Classical Composers and Conductors President Richard Nixon Classical Composers and Conductors History Channel
1972 Japanese Soldier Found on Guam Not Knowing WWII Has Ended Guam Japan World War II History Channel
1973 Warren Spahn Is Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame New York Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1974 James Baldwin's A Deed from the King of Spain Is Produced in New York City James Baldwin Plays African-American Authors & Illustrators National Council of Teachers of English
1977 Horace Ward Is First African-American Judge on Georgia's Superior Court Georgia Law and Legal Resources African-American History Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1979 U.S. Performs Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1980 U.S. Sells Military Equipment to China China Business and Economics The Cold War History Channel
5.9 Magnitude Earthquake Centers on California's North of Livermore Valley California Earthquake USGS
1982 San Francisco 49ers Defeat the Cincinnati Bengals to Win Super Bowl XVI in the Pontiac Silverdome Michigan NFL Super Bowl XVI Michigan
1983 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Causes only Slight Damage in Mexico Mexico Earthquake USGS
1984 Apple Unveils the Macintosh at Annual Corporate Meeting Businesses and Corporations History of Computer Technology CNN
1985 Discovery (STS-51) Launched on the First Department of Defense Space Shuttle Mission Space Shuttle U.S. Military Figures Historic Firsts NASA
1986 Voyager 2 Space Probe Passes within 51,000 Miles of Uranus Uranus Space Exploration Voyager 2
1987 20,000 Civil Rights Demonstrators March in Cummings, Georgia Georgia Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American History University of Georgia
Hana Mandlikova Breaks Martina Navratilova's 58-match Win Streak to Win Australian Open Martina Navratilova Tennis Hall of Fame Australian Open New York Times
1993 Soviet Soyuz TM-16 Is Launched for Docking with MIR Space Module Soviet Space Program Space Exploration Federation of American Scientists
1995 Pete Sampras Defeats Jim Courier in 5 Sets to Win the Australian Open Washington, D.C. Sports Figures Florida Sports Figures Tennis Australian Open New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 2000 - 2009 on this date
2000 The $22B Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Is Largest Philanthropic Trust in the U.S. Washington Bill Gates Philanthropy Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation History Link
2001 Georgia's House of Representatives Approves (94-82) a Bill to Change Georgia's State Flag Georgia Votes University of Georgia