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JANUARY 25

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Scotland
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 










Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What kind of satellite was launched by NASA on this date in 2003? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1924, where were the first winter Olympic Games opened? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Farrar, Straus & Giroux, what medium does Roy Gerrard describe as the "true medium"? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Debbi Chocolate (according to 1-800-Volunteer.org):
CREOLE KNOTS
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which television network began broadcasting on this date in 1980? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Franklin Institute, what was the registered trademark of the first perfumed toilet soap sold by William Colgate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, what show gave Florence Mills her big break in 1921? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a novel by Gloria Naylor (according to African American Registry):
LID SHELL INN
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Chemical Heritage Foundation, what was the title of Robert Boyle's first published scientific work?

2. According to the Scottish Library Association, what was the title of the first song written by Robert Burns?

3. According to Spartacus, who were the members of Virginia Woolf's Bloomsbury Group?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1925 work by Virginia Woolf (according to the Authors' Calendar):
COMMANDEER OTHER
 
 
Robert Boyle
Robert Boyle
Born on This Date 1627

[Mount Royal College]

Robert Boyle

Robert Burns
Robert Burns
Born on This Date 1759

[University of Houston]

Poetry

William Colgate
William Colgate
Born on This Date 1783

[Find-a-Grave]

Colgate Palmolive

Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf
Born on This Date 1882

[Spartacus]

Authors

Debbi Chocolate
Debbi Chocolate
Born on This Date 1954

Walker Young Readers

Primary Children's Authors

 
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Angola: Luanda's City Day
(Commemorates the founding of the city of Luanda by the Portuguese in 1575)
Angola Portugal U.S. Department of State
Aruba: Betico Croes' Birthday
(Commemorates the birth date of Aruba statesman, Gilberto Francois Betico Croes: 01/25/1759)
Aruba Visit Aruba
Russia/Ukraine: Tatiana's Day/Students' Day
(Commemorates the founding of Moscow University on the feast day of Saint Tatiana: 01/25/1775)
Russia Ukraine Education Moscow Hotels
Scotland: Burns Night
(Commemorates the birth date of Scotland's national poet, born 01/25/1759)
Robert Burns Poetry
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1914 James Flora (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1923 Barbara Jean (Rich) Rinkoff (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1930 Hilma Wolitzer (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1935 Roy Gerrard (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists University of Illinois
1951 Debbi Chocolate (Illinois-born African-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Debbi Chocolate Primary Children's Authors Artists African-American Authors & Illustrators
1954 Nicki Weiss (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
David Grossman (Israeli Journalist, Children's Author) David Grossman Young-adult Authors Journalism
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1759 Robert Burns (Scottish Poet) Robert Burns Poetry
1874 William Somerset Maugham (English Author) William Somerset Maugham
1882 Virginia Woolf (English Author) Virginia Woolf
1919 Edwin Newman (New York City-born Television Journalist, Author) Edwin Newman Journalism Television
1950 Gloria Naylor (New York-born African-American Novelist) Gloria Naylor African-American Authors
1863 Rufus Jones (Maine-born Quaker Scholar and Historical Writer) Maine Authors & Illustrators Quaker Religion
Artists, Architects and Designers
1786 Benjamin Robert Haydon (English Artist) English Artists
1910 Viljo Revell (Finnish Architect) Finnish Artists & Architects Architecture
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1911 Julia Smith (Texas-born Composer, Pianist) Texas Composers American Composers Classical Musicians
1921 Alfred Reed (New York City-born Composer, Conductor) New York City Composers American Composers Classical Musicians
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1627 Robert Boyle (English Chemist: Boyle's Law) Robert Boyle Gas Laws
1736 Joseph-Louis Lagrange (Italian Mathematician) Joseph-Louis Lagrange Calculus
1900 Theodosius Dobzhansky (Ukrainian Geneticist, Evolutionary Biologist) Ukranian Scientists & Mathematicians Evolution
1917 Ilya Prigogine (Russian Chemist, 1977 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Russian Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry 1977 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1923 Arvid Carlsson (Swedish 2000 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology) Swedish Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 2000 Nobel Laureate for Medicine or Physiology
Business Leaders
1783 William Colgate (English-American Founder of Colgate-Palmolive Company) William Colgate Business & Economics Colgate Palmolive
Military Leaders
1825 George Edward Pickett (Virginia-born Confederate General) Virginia Military Leaders American Civil War
Political and Social Leaders
1509 Giovanni Morone (Italian Cardinal, Diplomat) Italian Political & Social Leaders Religion Catholicism
1878 Harry Lyman Davis (Governor of Ohio) Ohio Political & Social Leaders
1814 Francis Pierpont ("Father of West Virginia") West Virginia Political & Social Leaders Politics West Virginia Archives
1928 Eduard Shevardnadze (President of the Republic of Georgia) Republic of Georgia Political and Social Leaders Soviet Union Political and Social Leaders
1933 Corazon Aquino (President of the Republic of the Philippines) Corazon Aquino
1938 Gilberto Francois Betico Croes (Aruba Statesman) Betico Croes
1891 William C. Bullitt (Pennsylvania-born American Diplomat) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government
1899 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgian Statesman) Belgian Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1896 Florence Mills (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Singer, Dancer) Washington, D.C. Performing Artists Dance African-American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1911 Charles "Truck" Parham (Chicago-born African-American Bassist, Drummer) Chicago Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African-American Registry
1938 Etta James (Los Angeles-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Los Angeles Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1943 Tobe Hooper (Texas-born Filmmaker) Tobe Hooper Filmmakers
1981 Alicia Keys (New York City-born African-American Singer) New York City Performing Artists Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1918 Ernie Harwell (Georgia-born Media Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ernie Harwell Detroit Sports Figures Radio Baseball Hall of Fame
1924 Lou Groza (Ohio-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Professional Football  Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1779 Vicente Álvarez Travieso (Spanish Leader of the Isleño Settlers of San Antonio, TX) Spanish Political and Social Leaders San Antonio, Texas Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1906 Joe Wheeler (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War American Military Figures University of Georgia
1919 C. C. (Lum) Slaughter (Texas-born Cattle Rancher) Texas Business Leaders Business Texas State Historical Association
1947 Al Capone (New York City-born Gangster) Al Capone Notorious Americans Crime
1949 Peter Marshall (Scottish-born Chaplain to the U.S. Senate) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Religion U.S. Senate
1999 Robert Shaw (California-born Musical Conductor) California Composers and Conductors Classical Music Winner of 14 Grammy Awards Bach Contatas University of Georgia
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1348 Earthquake Kills 5,000 in Austria Austria Earthquake Death USGS
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1533 England's King Henry VIII Secretly Marries Second Wife, Anne Boleyn England Henry VIII Greenwich Guide
1553 Royal University of Mexico Begins to Offering Courses Mexico Education Hispanic Heritage Mexico Connect
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1776 The First National War Memorial Is Authorized by the Continental Congress U.S. Congress Revolutionary War Historic Firsts New York Architecture History Channel
1787 Farmers Fail to Capture Springfield, MA Arsenal During Shays' Rebellion Massachusetts Farming and Agriculture Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a verry fine warm Day Several Indians Dine with us and are much Pleased— one man taken violently Bad with the Plurisee, Bleed & apply those remedeis Common to that disorder.

Ordway: clear & cold this morning. the men generally employed at cutting and Splitting coal wood & Setting up the
pit &.C.

Gass: All hands were employed in cutting away the ice, which we find a tedious business.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Commowooll and the Clatsops departed early this morning.

At meridian Colter returned and repoted that his comrade hunter Willard had continued his hunt from point Adams towards the salt makers; and that they had killed only those two deer which the Indians brought yesterday.

In the evening Collins one of the saltmakers returned and reported that they had mad about one bushel of salt & that himself and two others had hunted from the salt camp for five days without killing any thing and they had been obliged to subsist on some whale which they procured from the natives.

The native fruits and buries in uce among the Indians of this neighbourhood are a deep purple burry about the size
of a small cherry called by them Shal-lun, a small pale red bury called Sol'-me the vineing or low Crambury, a light brown bury reather larger and much the shape of the black haw; and a scarlet bury about the size of a small cherry

I have lately learned that the natives whome I have heretofore named as distinct nations, living on the sea coast S. E. of the Killamucks, are only bands of that numerous nation, which continues to extend itself much further on that coast than I have enumerated them, but of the particular appellations of those distant bands I have not yet been enabled to inform myself; their language also is somewhat different from the Clatsops Chinnooks and Cathlâhmâhs; but I have not yet obtaind a vocabulary which I shall do the first oportunity which offers.

[The Tillamooks belonged to the coastal division of the Salishan-language family. South of them along the coast were some small groups belonging to the Alsean, Siuslawan, and Coosan-language families; the Alseas and the Yaquinas, the Siuslaws, the Coos, and the Umpquas]


Gass: The morning was cloudy and some showers of snow fell in the course of the day; and in the night it fell to the depth of 8 inches.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops Snow
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1814 Petitioners of the "Republic of East Florida" Ask Congress to Admit Their Republic into the Union Florida U.S Congress Florida Historical Society
1834 The Florida Legislature Creates Hillsborough County Hillsborough County, Florida Florida Historical Society
1839 In Wilmington, Delaware, 300 Women Put Forth a Petition to Abolish Slavery Wilmington, Delaware Slavery Women State of Delaware
Republic of Texas Congress Adopts the Texas Coat of Arms Republic of Texas Texas State Historical Association
1842 Seminole Indians Attack Federal Soldiers in Florida's Wahoo Swamp, Killing One Florida Seminole Indians War Death Florida Historical Society
1845 Lincoln Joins in Request for Use of Illinois House of Representative for Temperance Meeting Illinois Abraham Lincoln Illicit Drugs Lincoln Logs
1846 Abraham Lincoln Campaigns for Congress in Petersburg, Illinois Petersburg, Illinois U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Politics Lincoln Logs
1849 The City of Tampa, Florida Is Incorporated Tampa, Florida Florida Historical Society
1850 Lincoln Sends President Taylor Recommendation for Illinois Federal Judge Appointment Illinois President Zachary Taylor Abraham Lincoln Law & Legal Resources Lincoln Logs
1855 Iowa Wesleyan College Is Granted Its Charter Iowa Education Iowa Wesleyan College State Historical Society of Iowa
1859 Abraham Lincoln Attends a Banquet Commemorating 100th Anniversary of Birth of Robert Burns Robert Burns Abraham Lincoln Poetry Lincoln Logs
1863 Ambrose Burnside Is Removed as Commander of the Army of the Potomac Ambrose Burnside Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Logs
Boston Anti-Slavery Group Complains to Lincoln the Emancipation Proclamation Isn't Working Boston, Massachusetts Abraham Lincoln Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln Logs
1864 General Henry W. Allen Is Installed as Governor of Confederate Louisiana Louisiana American Civil War Louisiana Secretary of State
1865 Abraham Lincoln Writes Message for Celebration of 106th Anniversary of Birth of Robert Burns Robert Burns Abraham Lincoln Poetry Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Reviews 30 Court Martial Cases Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Law & Legal Resources Lincoln Logs
1867 In St. Paul, Minnesota, the Mansion House Hotel Burns to the Ground St. Paul, Minnesota Fire Minnesota Historical Society
1886 A 6-day Bicycle Race Begins in Minneapolis, Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota Bicycle Racing Minnesota Historical Society
1890 United Mine Workers of America Is Founded in Columbus, OH Ohio United Mine Workers United Mine Workers History Channel
T. Thomas Fortune Leads Founding of Militant National Afro-American League T. Thomas Fortune African-American History African-Amercian Registry
Reporter Nellie Bly Completes Her Trip Around the World in 72d 6h 11m 14s Nellis Bly Journalism Library of Congress
1895 James J. Corbett Knocks Out Charley Mitchell to Retain His Heavyweight Boxing Title San Francisco Sports Figures Boxing Hall of Fame Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1905 The World's Largest Diamond, the 3,106 Carat Cullinan Diamond, Is Discovered in a Pretoria, South Africa Mine South Africa Diamonds History Channel
1907 Julia Ward Howe Is First Woman Elected to the National Institute of Arts & Letters Julia Ward Howe Women American Authors Historic Firsts The American Academy of Arts and Letters Concordia
1909 The First Performance of Richard Strauss' Opera Elektra Is Given in Dresden, Germany Dresden, Germany Austrian Composers Opera Composers Historic Firsts Theatre History
1915 In New York City, Alexander Graham Bell Makes the First Transcontinental Telephone Call to His Assistant Thomas Watson in San Francisco Alexander Graham Bell New York City San Francisco Woodrow Wilson Telephone Historic Firsts AT&T New York Times Learn California
1919 Paris Peace Conference Delegates Approve Establishing a Commission on the League of Nations Paris World War I League of Nations History Channel
1921 Karel Capek Coins the Word "Robot" in Premiere of Play Premiere at Prague's National Theater Karl Capek Plays History of Technololgy Historic Firsts Society and Technology
1924 The First Winter Olympic Games Open At Chamonix, France France 1924 Winter Olympics Historic Firsts History Channel New York Times
1926 Hollywood Film Studios Open Central Casting Film Actors History Channel
1930 U.S. Surgeons Demonstrate Latest Techniques at Pan American Medical Association Convention in Panama Panama Medical Research Education Aetna Intellihealth
1932 The Janesville, Wisconsin Council Fails to Pass an Ordinance That Would Permit Dancing on Sunday Janesville, Wisconsin Dancing Lae & Legal Resources Wisconsin Historical Society
1939 8.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 28,000 in Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
1941 William Faulkner Publishes "Go Down, Moses" in Collier's William Faulkner American Writers Mississippi Writers
1942 Thailand Declares War on the United States and England Thailand Great Britain World War II History Channel
1944 Florence Time-Oi Lee of Macao Is the First Female Ordained a Priest in the Anglican Church Chinese Political and Social Leaders Women Religion Historic Firsts The American Anglican Church Concordia
1945 Grand Rapids City, MI Approves Addition of Fluoride to Drinking Water Michigan Medical Research Fluorine Water Historic Firsts State of Michigan
For $2.8 Million, Dan Topping and Del Webb Buy the New York Yankees New York Yankees Baseball Business & Economics USA Today
1949 The First Emmy Awards Are Presented Television Emmy Awards Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 William Faulkner Accepts the National Book Award for Fiction for A Fable William Faulkner American Writers National Book Award Mississippi Writers
1956 Khrushchev Declares That Eisenhower Is "Striving For Peace" Nikita Khrushchev Dwight Eisenhower Cold War History Channel
1959 American Airlines Boeing 707 Makes First Transcontinental Jet Flight History of Aviation American Airlines Historic Firsts New York Times
Alaska's First Indoor Artificially Heated Swimming Pool Opens in Fairbanks Fairbanks, Alaska Swimming Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1960 Penalties Proposed for Disc Jockeys Accepting Payola Radio Popular Music Crime History Channel
Eugène Ionesco's Rhinoceros Premieres at the Odéon in Paris Paris Eugène Ionesco Plays Historic Firsts Theatre History
1961 John F. Kennedy Presidential News Conference First Broadcast on Live TV President John Kennedy The American Presidency Television Historic Firsts History Channel
1964 NASA & Soviet Union Cooperate in Launch of Echo 2 Test Communications Satellite Russian Space Program Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1965 South African anti-Apartheid Sympathizer, Abram Fischer, Jumps Bail to Avoid Trial South Africa Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Law & Legal Resources South African History
1966 Constance Baker Motley First Female African-American Federal Judge Connecticut Political and Social Leaders African-American History Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts Chicago Kent College of Law
1971 Idi Amin Ousts Uganda's President Milton Obote Uganda BBC
Charles Manson Is Found Guilty of Murdering Sharon Tate and Six Others Charles Manson Notorious Americans Crime Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1972 President Nixon Reveals Secret Peace Negotiations with North Vietnamese Henry Kissinger President Richard Nixon Vietnam War History Channel
1975 7.5 & 7.0 Magnitude Earthquakes (90 Minutes Apart) Kill Only 1 in Taiwan Taiwan Earthquake Death USGS
1978 The "Blizzard of '78" Drops 15.5" of Snow on Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana Snow Wind Indiana Historical Society
1980 Three African National Congress (ANC) Guerrillas Are Killed Demanding Mandela's Release South Africa Nelson Mandela Apartheid African National Congress South African History
Black Entertainment Television (BET) Begins Broadcasting Television African-American History Black Entertainment Television The Cable Center
1981 52 Americans Held Hostage in Iran for 444 Days Return to U.S. Iran Hostage Crisis Terrorism New York Times
Mao Zedong's Widow Is Sentenced to Death for Treason Mao Zedong Law and Legal Resources History Channel
Laingsburg, South Africa Flood Kills 104 Laingsburg, South Africa Flooding Death South African History
1983 NASA Launches Infrared Astronomical Satellite, IRAS, for Asteroid and Comet Survey Space Exploration Comets Asteroids NASA
Federal Court Rules Minnesota Ojibwe Retain the Hunting and Gathering Rights Guaranteed by 19th-century Treaties Minnesota Ojibwe Hunting & Fishing Historic U.S. Documents Law & Legal Resources Minnesota Historical Society
1984 President Reagan Endorses the Development of a Permanent U.S. Space Station President Ronald Reagan International Space Station NASA Florida Historical Society
1985 U.S. Postal Service Issues Stamp Commemorating the University of Georgia's Bicentennial U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia University of Georgia
1988 George H.W. Bush Bristles at Questions of His Role in Iran-Contra Affair President George Bush Iran-Contra Affair The American Presidency New York Times
San Francisco Dedicates Jack Kerouac Street to the "Father of the Beat Generation" San Francisco Jack Kerouac American Writers American Collection
1993 Gunman Kills Two CIA Employees Outside Agency Headquarters in Virginia Virginia CIA Gun Control Death New York Times
President Clinton Appoints Wife, Hillary, to Head Health-Care Reform Committee President Clinton Hillary Clinton Health Care New York Times
1995 Scientific Missile Launch in Norway Almost Triggers Russian Nuclear Response Norway Russia Space Exploration Nuclear Weapons History Channel
1998 Pope John Paul II Calls for Reform in Cuba Cuba Pope John Paul II BBC
Denver Defeats Green Bay 31-24 in Super Bowl XXXII Football NFL Logo USA Today New York Times
1999 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1,800+ in Colombia Colombia Earthquake Death BBC USGS
Six Members of the International Olympic Committee Face Bribery Charges The Olympics BBC
Supreme Court Rules 2000 Census Can Not Use Statistical Sampling U.S. Supreme Court U.S. Census Statistics Oyez
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2003 NASA Launches Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) Satellite Sun Space Exploration NASA
Serena Williams Defeats Big Sister, Venus, to Win the Australian Open Tennis Title Serena Williams Venus Williams Tennis African-American Sports Figures New York Times
2004 Second NASA Rover, Opportunity, Lands on Mars Mars Space Exploration NASA BBC