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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Why is Australia Day celebrated on January 26th? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who bought the movie rights to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz on this date in 1934? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Smithsonian Institution, which organization issued Bessie Coleman's first pilot license? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a children's book by Jules Feiffer (according to HarpersChildren):

1. Who was Juan Pablo Duarte? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Smithsonian Institution, for what country did Douglas MacArthur serve as military governor following World War II? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Athena Foundation, how many years did Sherian Cadoria serve in the U.S. military? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the New York Writers Institute, in what paper did Jules Feiffer publish his cartoon strip from 1946 -1997?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, of what two organizations was Seán MacBride the president when he was awarded the 1974 Nobel Prize for Peace?

3. According to the Library of Congress, approximately how many Portuguese-Jewish families fled Brazil on this date in 1654?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a play written by May Miller (according to African American Registry)
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
Born on This Date 1880

[Truman Library]

American Military Leaders

Bessie Coleman
Bessie Coleman
Born on This Date 1893

[O'Hare International Airport]

Jules Feiffer
Jules Feiffer
Born on This Date 1929

[Hudson Valley Writers' Center]

Primary Children's Authors

Sean MacBride
Seán MacBride
Born on This Date 1930

[Nobel Foundation]

1974 Nobel Laureate for Peace

Xavier Becerra
Born on This Date 1958

[U.S. Congress]

U.S. Congress

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Australia: Australia Day
(Commemoration of the landing of the first European settlers in Australia: 01/26/1788)
Australia Day U.S. Department of State Government of Australia
Dominican Republic: Day of Juan Duarte
(Commemorates the birth date of Juan Pablo Duarte - father of Dominican independence): 01/26/1813)
Domican Republic DominicanToday
India: Republic Day
(Commemorates the proclamation of India as a sovereign republic: 01/26/1950)
Republic Day U.S. Department of State U.S. House of Representatives
Uganda: NRM (National Resistance Movement) Day
(Commemorates the 1986 liberation of Uganda by the National Resistance Army led by Yoweri Museveni who became President of Uganda)
Uganda Ugandan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1831 Mary Mapes Dodge (New York City-born Children's Author) Mary Mapes Dodge Young-adult Authors
1937 Charles Mikolaycak (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1956 Ashley Wolff (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Artists
Authors and Poets
1871 Samuel Hopkins Adams (New York-born Author) New York Authors
1899 May Miller (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Playwright) Washington, D.C. Authors Plays Noted African Americans African American Registry
1946 Christopher Hampton (English Playwright) Christopher Hampton Plays
Gene Siskel (Chicago-born Journalist, Film Critic) Chicago Writers Journalism Film
1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (French Sculptor) French Artists
1876 Julia Morgan (San Francisco-born Architect San Francisco Artists & Designers Architecture
1929 Jules Feiffer (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator Awarded the 1986 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning) Jules Feiffer Primary Children's Authors Cartoons & Comics Film 1986 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning
1938 James Cloutier (Oregon-born Humorist, Illustrator) Oregon Artists American Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1924 Warren Benson (Michigan-born Composer) Michigan Composer American Composers
1981 Gustavo Dudamel (Venezuela-born Conductor/Educator) Gustavo Dudamel Classical Musicians Educators of Note
Explorers, Aviators, Pioneers and Astronauts
1884 Roy Chapman Andrews (Wisconsin-born Explorers) Wisconsin Explorers Explorers Wisconsin Historical Society
1893 Bessie Coleman (Texas-born African-American Aviator) Bessie Coleman Aviators Noted African Americans
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1911 Polykarp Kusch (Germany-born 1955 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Germany Scientists & Mathematicians Sub-atomic Particles 1955 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Military Leaders
1880 Douglas MacArthur (Arkansas-born American General) Douglas MacArthur World War II Korean War President Harry Truman
1940 Sherian Cadoria (Louisiana-born African-American General) Sherian Cadoria Noted African Americans
Political and Social Leaders
1715 Claude-Adrien Helvetius (Paris-born Philosopher) French Social Leaders Philosophers
1763 Charles XIV John (King of Sweden and Norway) French Military Leaders Norway Sweden
1813 Juan Pablo Duarte ("Father of Dominican Independence") Domican Republic DominicanToday
1815 Arthur McArthur (Scottish-born Governor of Wisconsin) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
1816 Benjamin Flanders (New Hampshire-born Governor of Louisiana) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1832 George Shiras, Jr. (Pennsylvania-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders The United States Supreme Court Oyez
1836 Lucius F. Hubbard (New York-born Governor of Minnesota; Namesake of Hubbard County, Minnesota) New York Political and Social Leaders Hubbard County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Frank O. Lowden (Minnesota-born Governor of Illinois) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Illinois Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1878 S. Edward Hall (Minnesota-born African-American Businessman, Civil Rights Activist) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Noted African Americans African American Registry
1904 Seán MacBride (Irish-born 1974 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Sean MacBride 1974 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1914 John Sammons Bell (Georgia-born Attorney, Jurist) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1918 Nicolae Ceausescu (Romanian Dictator) Romania
1944 Angela Davis (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Alabama Political & Social Leaders Civil/Human  Rights Noted African Americans African American Registry
1958 Xavier Becerra (Cuban-American California-born Latin-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Xavier Becerra U.S. House of Representatives Latin-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1905 Maria von Trapp (Austrian-born Subject of The Sound of Music) Austrian Performing Artists The Sound of Music
1925 Paul Newman (Ohio-born Actor) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Film
1928 Ertha Kitt (South Carolina-born African-American Popular Singer) South Carolina Performing Artists Popular Musicians Noted African Americans African American Registry
Roger Vadim (Paris-born Filmmaker) Roger Vadim Film Makers
1953 Lucinda Williams (Louisiana-born Popular Singer) Louisiana Performing Artists Popular Musicians IMDB
1957 Eddie Van Halen (Dutch Popular Musician) Netherlands Performing Artists Popular Musicians IMDB
1958 Ellen DeGeneres (Louisiana-born Comedic Actress, Talk Show Host) New Orleans Performing Artists Actors Television
Sports Figures
1935 Bob Uecker (Wisconsin-born Professional Baseball Player; Milwaukee Brewers Broadcaster) Wisconsin Sports Figures Baseball Major League Baseball Wisconsin Historical Society
1961 Wayne Gretsky (Canadian Member of the Hockey Hall of Fame) Canadian Sports Figures Hockey Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1823 Edward Jenner (English Physician Who Discovered a Vaccine for Small Pox) Edward Jenner Smallpox
1932 William Wrigley (Pennsylvania Founder of Wrigley Gum) Pennsylvania Business Leaders American Business Leaders Wrigley
1938 Matilde Montoya (Mexico's First Female Doctor) Mexico Medicine Women
1948 John Alan Lomax (Mississippi-born Folklorist) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators American Authors
1979 Nelson Rockefeller (New York-born U.S. Congressman, Vice-President of the United States) New York Political and Social Leaders Politics
1983 Paul "Bear" Bryant (Arkansas-born Coach, Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Arkansas Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame Alabama Sports Hall of Fame
2000 Don Budge (California-born Member of the Tennis Hall of Fame) Don Budge Tennis Hall of Fame
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events that occurred 1500-1599 on this date
1500 Spanish Explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon Makes First Recorded Sighting of Brazil's Coast Brazil Spanish Explorers Exploration Historic Firsts History Channel
1531 Earthquake Kills 30,000 in Portugal Portugal Earthquake Death USGS
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1654 Portuguese-Jewish Families Flee Brazil for the American Colonies Brazil Judaism Library of Congress
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1700 Magnitude 9 Earthquake Along U.S. Pacific Northwest Coast Triggers Tsunami in Japan Japan Earthquake Tsunami USGS History Link
1767 40 British Immigrants Create the Utopian Town of Rolletown, Florida Great Britain Florida Florida Historical Society
1788 Capt. Arthur Phillip Leads Landing of First European Settlers in Australia Australia Day Government of Australia
1779 400 Patriots and British Loyalists Skirmish on the Banks of Savannah, Georgia's McIntosh Creek Savannah, Georgia American Revolution History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 President Jefferson Approves Law Defining Functions of Library of Congress Congress President Jefferson Library of Congress
1804 Associate Justice Alfred Moore Resigns from the U.S. Supreme Court North Carolina Political and Social Leaders The United States Supreme Court Oyez
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a verry fine warm Day Several Indians Dine with us and are much Pleased— one man taken violently Bad with the Plurisee, Bleed & apply those remedeis Common to that disorder.

Ordway: Cloudy & warm the Wind from the South. the party at work Same as yesterday. the Savages brought us considerable corn this day.

Gass: A pleasant day and all hands employed in cutting wood, to make charcoal. We have a blacksmith [Shields] with us, and a small set of blacksmith tools. The blacksmith makes war-axes, and other axes to cut wood; which are exchanged with the natives for corn, which is of great service to us as we could not bring much with us.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes Health Care

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Werner and Howard who were sent for salt on the 23rd have not yet returned, we are apprehensive that they have missed their way; neither of them are very good woodsmen, and this thick heavy timbered pine country added to the constant cloudy weather makes it difficult for even a good woodsman to steer for any considerable distance the course he wishes.

we ordered Collins to return early in the morning and rejoin the salt makers, and gave him some small articles of merchandize to purchase provisions from the Indians, in the event of their still being unfortunate in the chase.

The Shallun or deep purple berry is in form much like the huckkleberry and terminates bluntly with a kind of cap or cover at the end like that fruit; this shrub retains it's virdure very perfectly during the winter and is a beautifull
shrub.— the natives either eat these berrys when ripe immediately from the bushes or dryed in the sun or by means of their sweating kilns; very frequently they pound them and bake then in large loaves of 10 of fifteen pounds; this bread keeps very well during one season and retains the most jeucies of the fruit much better than by any other method of preservation. this bread is broken and stired in could water until it be sufficiently thick and then eaten; in this way the natives most generally use it.—

Ordway: considerable of Snow fell in the course of last night and continues this morning, and cold freezing weather the Snow is this evening about 5 Inches deep on a level.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops Snow
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1836 Calhoun County, Florida Is Created in Honor of John C. Calhoun Calhoun County, Florida South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Calhoun County Florida Historical Society
1837 Michigan Is Admitted as the 26th State of the Union Michigan Library of Congress State of Michigan
1838 Tennessee Passes Nation's First Prohibition Law Tennessee Illicit Drugs Law & Legal Resources 18th Amendment Historic Firsts History Channel
1839 Republic of Texas Homestead Law Sets Aside Land for Public Schools and Colleges Republic of Texas Education Texas State Historical Association
Republic of Texas Charters the Houston and Brazos Railroad Republic of Texas Railroad Texas State Historical Association
Alabama's First State Prison Is Established by Legislative Act Alabama Prisons Law & Legal Resources Historic Firsts State of Alabama
1841 British Formally Occupy Hong Kong Great Britain Hong Kong New York Times
1846 The Georgia Supreme Court Convenes for the First Time in Talbotton Talbotton, Georgia Georgia Courts Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1848 Henry David Thoreau Lectures on "Relation of Individual to State" Henry David Thoreau American Authors Walden Woods Project American Collection
1856 Salish Warriors Led by Chief Leschi Attack the Village of Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Salish Indians History Link
Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Creating Haralson County Haralson County, Georgia Official Website University of Georgia
1861 Louisiana Is the Sixth Southern State to Secede from the Union Louisiana American Civil War Louisiana Secretary of State
President-elect Lincoln Agrees to Stop in Indianapolis on His Way to Washington, D.C. Indianapolis, Indiana President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1863 General Joe Hooker Takes over the Army of the Potomac American Civil War History Channel Lincoln Logs
Secretary of War Edwin Stanton Authorizes the Enlistment of African-American Troops U.S. Government American Civil War African-American History National Park Service
Mrs. Lincoln Borrows "Buckland Natural History" from the Library of Congress for Her Son Tad Library of Congress Mary Todd Lincoln Literature Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Acknowledges Receipt of "Emancipation March" from Iowa Music Teacher Iowa President Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation Music Lincoln Logs
1864 President & Mrs. Lincoln Host Public Reception Attended by 8,000 at the Executive Mansion The White House President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
Indiana's 17th, 24th, and 44th Regiments Return to Indianapolis and Are Honored by the Governor Morton at the State House Indiana Military Figures American Civil War Indiana Historical Society
Asa Mercer Recruits Lowell, Massachusetts Women to Teach in the Washington Territory Washington Lowell, Massachusetts Education Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1870 President Grant Signs Bill Readmitting Virginia to Representation in Congress Virginia U.S. Congress President Grant American Civil War Virginia Historical Society
1875 George F. Green of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Patents the Electric Dental Drill Michigan Inventors Medicine Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts Merriam-Webster Online
Pinkertons Maim Frank and Jesse James' Mother The James Brothers Crime Notorious Americans History Channel
1893 R.L. Williams Produces the First Piece of McDade Pottery Texas Artists Art Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1896 South Africa's Wellington College of Education Opens South Africa Education Wellington College of Education South African History
1898 Joseph McKenna Sworn in As Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders The United States Supreme Court Oyez
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Teddy Roosevelt Writes Letter First Using "Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick" Theodore Roosevelt The Raab Collection
1905 World's Largest Gem-quality Diamond (1.3 lbs) Discovered in South African Mine South Africa Diamonds South African History History Channel
1909 Milk-Bone Brand Trademark Is Registered Patents and Trademarks Business Dogs Milkbone USPTO
1911 In San Diego, Glenn Curtiss Completes First Successful Aircraft Takeoff and Landing on Water California Glenn Curtiss Aviation History Historic Firsts NASA
1918 Former Russian State of Ukraine Declares Its Independence Ukraine Russia History Channel
1923 Arkansas Becomes the "Wonder State" by Senate Resolution Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1928 First Commercial Airway Service to Georgia Begins with Flights Between Atlanta and New York Georgia Aviation History Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1931 Bellingham, Washington City Council Passes Ordinance Prohibiting Dance Marathons Bellingham, Washington Dance History Link
1932 Ernest Lawrence Submits a Patent Application for the Cyclotron Physics Sub-atomic Particles Patent #1,948,384
1934 Sam Goldwyn Buys Movie Rights to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz The Wizard of Oz Film Economics & Business History Channel
1939 Franco Captures Barcelona Francisco Franco Spanish Civil War History Channel
Niels Bohr Announces the Discovery of Fission at an Annual Conference of Theoretical Physicists Niels Bohr Fission Physics Fedration of American Scientists (pdf)
1940 Ronald Reagan Marries Jane Wyman President Ronald Reagan History Channel
1945 Soviet Troops Begin Liberating Auschwitz Concentration Camps in Poland Poland Sovet Union The Holocaust History Channel
Audie Murphy, Earns the Medal of Honor by Single-Handedly Repelling a German Attack Texas Military Figures World War II Texas State Historical Association
1948 President Truman Signs Executive Order Ending Segregation in Armed Forces President Harry Truman Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American History
1949 First Guided Missile Is Launched from a Ship, U.S.S. Norton Sound Naval History War Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts NASA
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company Announces the Invention of a Machine for the Mass Recording of Tapes Minnesota Business History of Technology 3M Minnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 India Is Proclaimed a Sovereign Republic Republic Day History Channel New York Times BBC
1952 At Least 20 Killed in Anti-British Riots in Cairo, Egypt Egypt Great Britain Death South African History BBC
1956 University of Michigan Hosts Symposium on "The Scientific Uses of Earth Satellites" Michigan Space Exploration University of Michigan NASA
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Is Arrested for Speeding in Montgomery, Alabama Montgomery, Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Crime University of Georgia
1959 The First Alaska State Legislature Convenes at Juneau Juneau, Alaska Historic Firsts Alaska Historrical Society
1960 Danny Heater Scores 135 Points Leading Burnsville High School, WV to a 173-43 Victory Basketball West Virginia Archive
1962 U.S. Launches Ranger 3 in Failed Effort to Land Scientific Instruments on Moon Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1965 Noah W. and Joseph S. McVicker of Cincinnati, Ohio Receives Patent #3,167,440 for Play-Doh® Ohio Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks Play-Doh USPTO
1967 Iowa Legislature Ratifies the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution Iowa State Government 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution State Historical Society of Iowa
NASA Launches ESSA-4 to Provide Worldwide Cloud-Cover Photography Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
1969 Police Tear-gas Czech Protesters Mourning Anti-Soviet Student Martyr Czech Soviet Union BBC
1970 Navy Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. Spends 2,000th Day in Captivity as SE Asia POW The Vietnam War Prisoners of War History Channel
1971 Food for the Hungry Is Founded in Glendale, California Glendale, California Community Service Food and Nutrition Food for the Hungry Concordia
NASA Launches Intelsat 4 Commercial Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1972 North Vietnam Rejects U.S. Peace Proposal The Vietnam War History Channel
1978 NASA Launches the International Ultraviolet Explorer Satellite Space Exploration Earth Science Light NASA
1980 U.S. Olympic Committee Asks That Moscow Olympics Be Cancelled or Moved Soviet Union President Jimmy Carter The Olympic Games The Cold War History Channel
1982 British Unemployment Rises to 3M for First Time Since 1930s Great Britain Labor BBC
1985 Magnitude 6 Earthquake Kills 6 in Argentina Argentina Earthquake Death USGS
1986 The National Resistance Army of Takes Control of Uganda Uganda Ugandan Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Chicago Bears Defeat the New England Patriots 46-10 in Super Bowl XX Football NFL Logo USA Today New York Times
1987 Magnitude 4.9 Earthquake Kills 1 in Algeria Algeria Earthquake Death USGS
1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber's Phantom of the Opera Opens on Broadway Andrew Lloyd Webber Musical Theater Phantom of the Opera
1991 Rebels Overrun the Somalian Capital of Mogadishu Somalia South African History
1993 Magnitude 5.6 Earthquake Destroys 6,972 Houses in China's Yunnan Province China Earthquake Housing USGS
Former Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel Is Elected President of the Czech Republic Vaclav Havel Elections New York Times
1995 Cadbury Schweppes Buys Dr. Pepper/Seven-Up for $1.7 Billion Foods & Nutrition Business & Economics History Channel EconEdLink
1996 First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton Testifies before Whitewater Probe Grand Jury Bill Clinton Hillary Rodham Clinton Whitewater Probe New York Times
1998 President Clinton Denies Affair with White House Intern Monica Lewinsky President Bill Clinton Monica Lewinsky Scandal BBC
Filming Begins on Kurt Vonnegut's Breakfast of Champions Kurt Vonnegut American Authors Film Internet Movie Database American Collection
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2001 Earthquake Kills 20,005 on Indian Subcontinent India Earthquake Death USGS
Georgia's Senate Committee Votes 4-3 to Change Georgia's State Flag Georgia Votes University of Georgia
2005 U.S. Senate Confirms Condoleezza Rice As Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice African-American Political and Social Leaders Female Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts U.S. Senate