World War II The Holocaust


The Holocaust World War II

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1964, who became the first female from a major U.S. political party to be a candidate for President of the United States? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which U.S. President delivered a State of the Union Address on this date in 1987? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Academy of American Poets, where in England was Lewis Carroll born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Lewis Carroll (according to the Academy of American Poets):

1. What are the names of the three U.S. astronauts who died on this date in 1967? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Lucid Library, how old was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart when he performed his first recital? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Rutgers University, Julius Lester served as the head of the photo department for which 1960's civil rights movement? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book by Julius Lester (according to Houghton Mifflin):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Samuel Ting was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of what subatomic particle?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, Mairead Corrigan was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize for Peace to recognize her efforts as the co-founder of what peace movement?

3. According to his NASA biography, Gus Grissom had been told that if the Apollo I mission went well, he would be the first American to do what?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an opera by Giuseppe Verdi (according to The Classical Net):
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Born on This Date 1756

[University of Limerick]


Lewis Carroll
Born on This Date 1832

Academy of American Poets

Young-adult Authors

Samuel Chao Chung Ting
Born on This Date 1936

[Nobel Foundation]

Sub-atomic Particlesthe 1976 Nobel Prize for Physics

Julius Lester
Julius Lester
Born on This Date 1939

[Beth El Synagogue]

Young-adult Authors

Mairead Corrigan Maguire
Born on This Date 1944


the 1976 Nobel Prize for Peace

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
International Holocaust Remembrance Day
(Observed annually on this date to commemorate the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp, 1/27/1945)
World War II International Holocaust Remembrance Day United Nations
Monaco: Saint Devote
(Celebration of the feast day of the patron saint of Monaco)
Ste. Devote Catholicism Principality of Monaco
National Toilet Day
(Commemorates the life of Thomas Crapper, the person who popularized the flush toilet. He died 01/27/1910)
Thomas Crapper Inventors and Inventions National Geographic
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1832 Lewis Carroll (English Children's Author) Lewis Carroll Young-adult Authors
1923 Jean Merrill (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1928 Harry Allard (Illinois-born Children's Author) Illinois Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1939 Julius Lester (Missouri-born African-American Children's Author) Julius Lester African American Authors African American Registry
1942 Janice VanCleave (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Science
1956 Susan Guevara (Latin-American Children's Author, Illustrator) Primary Authors American Artists Latin-American Authors Official Website
Authors and Poets
1891 Ilya Ehrenburg (Ukrainian Author) Ilya Ehrenburg
1931 Mordecai Richler (Canadian Author) Canadian Authors and Illustrators
1935 D. M. (Donald Michael) Thomas (English Author) D.M. Thomas
Classical Composers and Performers
1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Austrian Composer) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Composers
1869 Will Marion Cook (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Composer of American Musicals) Washington, D.C. Musical Theater Famous African-Americans Internet Broadway Database African American Registry
1885 Jerome Kern (New York City-born Composer of American Musicals) Jerome Kern Musical Theater American Composers
1948 Mikhail Baryshnikov (Latvian Ballet Dancer) Mikhail Baryshnikov Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1829 Friedrich August Kekulé (German Organic Chemist) German Scientists & Mathematicians Organic Chemistry
1887 Carl Blegen (Minnesota-born Archaeologist) Carl Blegen Archaeology
1888 Victor Moritz Goldschmidt (Swiss Geologist) Swiss Scientists & Mathematicians Geology
1903 John Carew Eccles (Australian-born 1963 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Australian Scientists & Mathematicians The Cell 1963 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
1936 Samuel Chao Chung Ting (Michigan-born Asian-American 1976 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Samuel Chao Chung Ting Sub-atomic Particles Asian-American Scientists & Matheamticians 1976 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Military Leaders
1850 Hyman G. Rickover (Polish-American Pioneer of the United States' Nuclear Navy) Hyman G. Rickover Naval History Nuclear Weapons
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1808 David Friedrich Strauss (German Theologian) German Political & Social Leaders Religious Leaders
Political and Social Leaders
1850 Samuel Gompers (English-American Labor Leader) Samuel Gompers Labor Leaders
1859 Wilhelm II, Kaiser of Germany German Political Leaders
1890 Ch'ing-ling Soong (Chinese Author; Wife of Sun Yet-sen Chinese Political Leaders
1944 Mairead Corrigan Maguire (Irish 1976 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Mairead Corrigan 1976 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1949 Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini Zuma (South African Political Leader) South African Political Leaders Women South African Government
1955 John G. Roberts, Jr. (Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) John G. Roberts Law and Legal Resources George W. Bush U.S. Supreme Court
Performing Artists
1908 Oran "Hot Lips" Page (Texas-born African-American Jazz Trumpeter) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1918 Elmore James (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz Guitarist) Mississippi Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1921 Donna Reed (Iowa-born Actress) Donna Reed Actors Film Television
1930 Robert Calvin "Bobby Blue" Bland (Tennessee-born African-American Jazz Musician) Tennessee Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1964 Bridget Fonda (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1894 Fritz Pollard (Chicago-born African-American Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Chicago Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
1899 Bibb Falk (Texas-born Baseball Player and Coach at the University of Texas) Texas Sports Figures Baseball University of Texas Baseball Texas State Historical Association
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1629 Hieronymus Praetorius (German Organist, Composer) German Composers Organs Composers Concordia
1731 Bartolomeo Cristofori (Italian Inventor of the Piano) Italian Scientist and Inventors Inventors and Inventions The Piano
1851 John James Audubon (Haitian-American Naturalist) John James Audubon Birds
1901 Giuseppe Verdi (Italian Composer) Giuseppe Verdi Composers
1910 Thomas Crapper (English Inventor of the Toilet) Thomas Crapper Inventors and Inventions
1941 Joseph Schafer (Superintendent of the Wisconsin State Historical Society) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin State Historical Society
1945 Elizabeth "Plinky" Toepperwein (Connecticut-born Sharpshooter) Connecticut Sports Figures Sports Texas State Historical Society
1965 C. Douglass Buck, Sr. (Governor of Delaware: 1929-37; U.S. Congressman) Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1967 Virgil "Gus" Grissom (Indiana-born Astronaut) Gus Grissom Astronauts
Ed White (Texas-born Astronaut) Ed White Astronauts
Roger Chaffee (Michigan-born Astronaut) Roger Chaffee Astronauts
1972 Mahalia Jackson (New Orleans-born African-American Gospel Singer) Mahalia Jackson Jazz and Gospel African American Performing Artists
1989 Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith (English Aviation Pioneer) English Explorers and Aviators Aviation History Peanuts World War I Technology and Society
1994 Claude Akins (Georgia-born Actor) Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television Internet Movie Database
2008 Mohammed Suharto (Indonesian Dictator) Suharto National Public Radio
2009 John Updike (Pennsylvania-born Two-time Putlizer Prize-winning Novelist) John Updike 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction 1991 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
2010 J.D. Salinger (New York City-born Author) J.D. Salinger American Authors
Howard Zinn (New York City-born Science Historian, Educator) Howard Zinn U.S. History Educators of Note
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the that Occurred on this Date from 0-999 A.D.
312 Legend: Boat with Remains of Ste. Devote Washes Ashore at Monaco Ste. Devote
537 Byzantine Emperor Justinian Dedicates the Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople Istanbul, Turkey Hagia Sophia Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1302 Dante Alighieri Is Heavily Fined for Hostility to the Church and Corrupt Practices Dante Alighieri Authors Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia History Channel
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1513 First African-American Slaves Are Brought to Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Slavery African-American History Historic Firsts
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1795 University of Georgia Is Chartered as the First State University in the U.S. Georgia Education Historic Firsts University of Georgia History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 The U.S. Senate Confirms John Marshall to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall U.S. Senate U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Historical Society
1803 The Delaware General Assembly Fails to Abolish Slavery When the Speaker of the House Breaks a Deadlock Voting "No" Delaware Government Slavery Votes State of Delaware
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine day,

attempt to Cut our Boat and Canoos out of the Ice, a deficuelt Task I fear as we find waters between the Ice,

I Bleed the man with the Plurisy to day & Swet him,

Capt Lewis took of the Toes of one foot of the Boy who got frost bit Some time ago,

Shabonoe our interpeter returned, & informed that the Assiniboins had returned to their Camps, & brough 3 horses of Mr. Laroches [Larocque with the Northwest Trading Company] to Stay here for fear of their being Stolen by the Assiniboins who are great rogues

— Cut off the boy toes—

Ordway: Cloudy. Some men employed Gitting hay from the prarie for to cover the blacksmith's kiln

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes Frostbite

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning Collins set out for the Salt works.

in the evening Shannon returned and reported that himself and party had killed ten Elk. he left Labuche and R. fields with the Elk. two of those Elk he informed us were at the distance of nine miles from this place near the top of a mountain, that the rout by which they mus be brought was at least four miles by land through a country almost inaccessible from the fallen timber, brush and sink-holes, which were now disgused by the snow; we therefore concluded to relinquish those two Elk for the present, and ordered every man who could be speared from the fort to go early in the morning in surch of the other eight.

Gass: This was a clear cold frosty morning, and the snow about 9 inches deep. Where the sun shone on it during the day, a considerable quantity of it melted; but these places were few, as the whole face of the country near this is closely covered with fir timber.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Clatsops Snow
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1826 Virginia General Assembly Establishes the Town of Sutton, West Virginia Sutton, West Virginia Virginia West Virginia Archives
1827 French Trader/Author Auguste Bernard Duhaut-Cilly, Captain of the French Ship Le Heros, Arrives in San Francisco France San Francisco Ships Learn California
1838 Abraham Lincoln Speaks Before Young Men's Lyceum on "Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions" American Government Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1839 Episcopal Church Opens in Matagorda, Texas Despite Mexico's Required Allegiance to the Catholic Church Mexico Matagorda, Texas Episcopal Church Catholicism Texas State Historical Association
1840 Alabama's Legislature Passes a Joint Resolution Accepting the Disputed Boundary Line with Georgia Alabama Georgia Alabama Archives
1847 Fugitive Kentucky Slaves Escape to Canada During Confrontation in Marshall, Michigan Canada Kentucky Marshall, Michigan Slavery State of Michigan
1853 Hampton, Arkansas Is Organized Hampton, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1855 Delaware Abolishes the Whipping of and Forced Wearing of Convict Jackets by White Women Convicted of Larceny Delaware Government Women Crime Law State of Delaware
1861 Lincoln Sets February 11th Departure for Washington, D.C., Requests Privacy Prior to Leaving" Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1862 Lincoln Issues General Order for All Union Forces to Advance on February 22 Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel
Samuel Jones Relieves Braxton E. Bragg as Commander of the Confederate Army of Pensacola Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Noah Swayne Is Sworn In as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Virginia Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1880 Thomas Edison Is Granted Patent #23,898 for His Incandescent Light Thomas Edison The Light Bulb Trademarks and Patents USPTO
1882 Ward Hunt Retires as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court New York Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1895 Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake Is First Performed in Its Entirety at St. Petersburg's Mayinsky Theater Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Ballet Historic Firsts BalletMet Columbus
1899 In France, Camille Jenatzy Sets Land Speed Record (49.932 mph) in Battery-powered Automobile France Automobiles History of Technology Historic Firsts University of Miami
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 Driving in France, an American Sets First Land-Speed Record in a Gasoline Automobile (76.086mph) France Automobiles Historic Firsts History Channel
1911 The Arkansas Library Association Is Organized Arkansas Library and Reference Resources Arkansas Library Association Arkansas History Commission
1916 Woodrow Wilson Makes Three Speeches in New York to Generate Support for World War I New York City President Woodrow Wilson World War I National Endowment for the Humanities
1918 German Laborers Prepare to Strike Germany Labor Strikes History Channel
The First Tarzan Film, Tarzan of the Apes, Is Released Film Internet Movie Database
1924 Lenin's Body Is Placed in a Temporary Wooden Mausoleum in Red Square Vladimir Lenin Soviet Union Lenin Mausoleum
1925 In Alaska, a Dog Team Begins a 9-day Relay to Carry Serum from Nenana to Fight a Diphtheria Epidemic in Nome Alaska Diphtheria Dogsledding Alaska Historical Society
1926 The U.S. Senate Approves United States Adherence to the World Court Protocol U.S. Government World Government World History Indiana University
John Logie Baird Demonstrates First True Television System in London English History Television History of Technology History Channel
1937 Flooding Along the Ohio River Reaches Its Highest Point at Jeffersonville, Indiana Jeffersonville, Indiana Ohio River Flooding Indiana Historical Society
1941 Delta Airlines Announces Plans to Make Atlanta, Georgia Its Base Atlanta, Georgia Aviation History Delta Airlines University of Georgia
1943 U.S. Fliers Execute First All-U.S. Bombing of Germany at Wilhelmshaven Nazi Germany Aviation History World War II History Channel
1944 Soviet Army Breaks Germany's 880-day Siege of Leningrad The Soviet Union Nazi Germany World War II BBC
National Institute for Arts and Letters Awards Gold Medal for "Distinguished Achievement" to Willa Cather Willa Cather American Authors The American Academy of Arts and Letters American Collection
1945 Soviet Army Continues Liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland Poland The Soviet Union Nazi Germany Auschwitz World War II BBC
1948 First Magnetic Tape Recorder Goes on Sale for $49.50 History of Technology Historic Firsts National Council for Science and Technology Communication
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 U.S. Air Force Plane Explodes a One-kiloton Nuclear Bomb in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Historic Firsts History Channel
1953 Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man Wins the National Book Award Ralph Ellison American Writers Famous African Americans National Book Award American Collection
1955 Robert McFerrin Debuts As Metropolitan Opera's First Black Male Performer New York City Opera Famous African Americans Historic Firsts The Metropolitan Opera
1957 An Unexploded Bomb Is Found on Front Porch of Martin Luther King's Montgomery, AL Home Montgomery, Alabama Martin Luther King, Jr. Racism University of Georgia
1959 The Duke of Edinburgh Lays the Cornerstone for the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Delhi, India Education Technology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi National Council for Science and Technology Communication
1960 In Minnesota, Grand Portage National Monument Is Dedicated Minnesota Landmarks Grand Portage National Monument Minnesota Historical Society
1961 Leontyne Price Debuts at the Metropolitan Opera in Il Trovatore Leontyne Price The Metropolitan Opera Opera Famous African Americans The Kennedy Center
1964 France Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the People's Republic of China France China World History French Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Margaret Chase Smith Becomes the First Female Presidential Candidate for a Major Party Margaret Chase Smith The American Presidency Women Politics and Elections Historic Firsts Margaret Chase Smith Library (pdf)
DuPont Introduces "Corfam" Synthetic Substitute for Leather Chemistry Business & Economics DuPont Management Consulting News
1967 Apollo Astronauts Grissom, Chaffee and White Perish in Capsule Flash Fire Gus Grissom Ed White Roger Chaffee Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date NASA History Channel New York Times BBC
More Than 60 Nations Sign Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons in Space Nuclear Weapons Space World History New York Times
Leon Kirchner's Pulitzer Prize-Winning "Quartet No. 3 for Strings and Electronic Tape" Is First Performed in New York City New York City Composers American Composers Historic Firsts 1967 Pulitzer Prize for Music Amrican Public Media
1973 9-point Vietnam Cease-fire Agreement Signed in Paris Paris Vietnam War History Channel
1975 U.S. Senate Begins Investigation of FBI and CIA Activities U.S. Senate CIA FBI History Channel
1976 Laverne and Shirley Premieres Television Internet Movie Database
1977 Vatican Reaffirms Roman Catholic Tradition of Male-only Priests Catholicism New York Times
1980 Opposition Leader Robert Mugabe Returns to Rhodesia After Five Years in Exile Zimbabwe Political and Social Leaders BBC
Magnitude 5.4 Earthquake is Centered Near Livermore, California Livermore, California Earthquake USGS
1981 President Reagan Greets the 52 Former American Hostages Released by Iran Iran Ronald Reagan The Iran Hostage Crisis New York Times
1982 Mauno Koivisto Is Elected President of Finland Finnish Political and Social Leaders Elections New York Times
1985 Coca Cola Announces Plans to Open Sales in the Soviet Union The Soviet Union Business & Economics Coca Cola EconEdLInk
1987 President Ronald Reagan Delivers State of the Union Address to Congress Ronald Reagan The American Presidency U.S. Congress C-Span
Marcos Loyalists Seize Manila Communications Sites, but Fail to Seize Control of Country Republic of the Philippines The Terrorism Research Center
1988 Senate Judiciary Committee Unanimously Approves Anthony Kennedy for Supreme Court California Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate U.S. Senate Reagan Library
1991 Rebels Force Somalian Dictator, Muhammad Siyad Barre, to Flee Mogadishu Somalia History Channel
1996 Military Coup Overthrew Niger's Democratically Elected President, Mahamane Ousmane Niger Amnesty International
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2000 President Bill Clinton Delivers His Final State of the Union Address Bill Clinton The American Presidency PBS
Bill Belichick Is Named Head Coach of the New England Patriots Tennessee Sports Figures Masachusetts Sports Figures Football NFL Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities