for
Purple Ribbon

FEBRUARY 1

Purple Ribbon
 
 
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1978, who was the first African-American women to be commemorated on a U.S. stamp? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1960, in what city did four African-American college students stage a lunch counter sit-in? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the University of Washington, what television shows inspired Michael Anderson to be an astronaut? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an African-American performing artist born on this date:
MESSY HARLEM HEN
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who were the seven astronauts aboard when the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated on this date in 2003? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Academy of American Poets, where was Langston Hughes living when he first began to write poetry? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, what event did Charles Remond attend while in England in 1840? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a classic blues singer that James Johnson backed up on the piano (according to Red Hot Jazz):
LEATHER STEW
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the BBC, what style of jazz piano was James Johnson's specialty?

2. According to the International Tennis Hall of Fame, in what year was Althea Gibson the first African American to ever appear in the U.S. Tennis Championships at Forest Hills?

3. According to the African American Registry, what position did Azie Taylor Morton hold in President Carter's cabinet?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Langston Hughes (according to the Academy of American Poets):
FIN FIE ISLE
 
 
Separation Bar
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes
Born on This Date 1902

Author

Michael Anderson
Michael Anderson


James P(rice) Johnson
James P(rice) Johnson
Born on This Date 1891

Jazz Vocalist

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama



43rd president of the United States
Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson

International Tennis Hall of Fame

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
Robinson Crusoe Day
(Commemorates the anniversary of the rescue in Alexander Selkirk, 02/01/1709)
Daniel Defoe Naval History University of Michigan
Ireland: St. Bridget's Day
( Pagan spring fertility (Brid's Day) rite that evolved into Catholic holiday observed annually on Feb 1)
Ireland Diocese of Limerick Concordia
Malaysia: Federal Territory Day Malaysia Malaysia Central
United States: National Women's Heart Health Day
(Observed annually on February 1)
Women's Health The Heart Women's Heart Foundation
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1911 Robert Gittings English Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Children's Authors
1941 Jerry Spinelli (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author Awarded 1991 Newbery Medal for Maniac Magee) Jerry Spinelli Young-adult Children's Authors Received 1991 Newbery Medal for Maniac Magee
1967 Meg Cabot (Indiana-born Children's Author) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Children's Authors Official Homepage
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1874 Hugo von Hofmannsthal (Austrian Playwright, Poet) Hugo von Hofmannsthal Plays Poetry
1884 Yevgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin (Russian Writer) Yevgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin
1887 Charles Nordhoff (American Author) American Authors & Illustrators
1900 Stephen Potter (English Novelist, Critic and BBC Radio Personality) English Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1902 Langston Hughes (Missouri-born African-American Poet) Langston Hughes Poetry African-American Authors & Illustrators
1904 Sidney Joseph Perelman (New York City-born Journalist) Sidney Joseph Perelman Journalism
1918 Muriel Spark (Scottish Poet) Muriel Spark Poetry
1927 Galway Kinnell (Rhode Island-born Poet Awarded the 1983 Pulitzer for Selected Poems) Galway Kinnell Poetry 1983 Pulitzer for Selected Poems 1983 National Book Award for Poetry
1933 Reynolds Price (North Carolina-born Author) Reynolds Price
1948 Charles Lipson (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors
Artists, Architects and Designers
1801 Thomas Cole (English-born American Artist, Founder of the Hudson River School) British Aritsts Hudson River School
1838 Joseph Keppler (Austrian Artist) Austrian Artists
1840 Thomas B. Walker (Ohio-born Founder of the Walker Art Gallery in Minneapolis, Minnesota) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Minneapolis, Minnesota Walker Art Center Minnesota Historical Society
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1859 Victor Herbert (Irish-American Classical Musician, Composer of Light Opera) Victor Herbert Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1844 Stanley Granville Hall (Massachusetts-born "Father of Psychology in America") Massachusetts Scientists Psychology Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1896 Alfonso Caso y Andrade (Mexican Archaeologist Who Explored the Early Oaxacan cultures ) Mexican Scientists & Mathematicians Archaeology Hispanic Heritage
1905 Emilio Segrč (Italian-born 1959 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Italian Scientists & Mathematicians Physics 1959 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1952 Roger Y. Tsien (New York City-born Asian-American 2008 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Roger Y. Tsien Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) Asian-American Scientists & Mathematicians 2008 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1937 Walter B. Shurden (Mississippi-born Theologian and Religious Author) Mississippi Authors Religion
Political and Social Leaders
1552 Edward Coke (English Jurist and Parliamentarian) English Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources
1834 Henry McNeal Turner (South Carolina-born African-American Black Nationalist, Repatriations Advocate, Minister) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Religion African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry University of Georgia
1837 Francis Louis Cardozo (South Carolina-born African-American Educator, First African-American to Hold Government Office in South Carolina) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Education African American Political and Social Leaders National Park Service African American Registry
1859 Charles Remond (Massachusetts-born African-American Abolitionist) Charles Remond Slavery and Abolition Human Rights/Civil Rights African American Political and Social Leaders
1863 Theodora Winton Youmans (Wisconsin-born Women's Rights Advocate) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders American Women Social Leaders Human Rights/Civil Rights Wisconsin Historical Society
1878 Hattie Caraway (Tennessee-born First Woman Elected to the U.S. Senate) Tennesseee Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1882 Louis Stephen St. Laurent (Prime Minister of Canada) Canadian Political and Social Leaders
1889 Harold Cressy (Co-founder of the Teachers League of South Africa (TLSA)) South African Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Labor Unions South African History
1931 Boris Yeltsin (President of Russia) Boris Yeltsin
1933 Wendell R. Anderson (Minnesota Governor and Member of the U.S. Congress) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Minnesota Historical Society
1936 Azie Taylor Morton (Texas-born African-American U.S. Treasurer under President Jimmy Carter) Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government President Jimmy Carter African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Performing Artists
1757 John Philip Kemble (English Shakespearean Actor) English Performing Aritsts Actors William Shakespeare
1891 James Johnson (New Jersey-born African-American Jazz Musician) James P. Johnson Jazz Musicians African American Peforming Artists
1895 John Ford (Maine-born Filmmaker) John Ford Filmmakers
1901 Clark Gable (Ohio-born Actor: Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind) Clark Gable Actors Film Gone with the Wind
1906 Loretta Sell Hildegarde (Wisconsin-born Popular Singer) Wisconsin Peforming Artists Popular Musicians Wisconsin Historical Society
1926 Stuart Whitman (California-born Actor) California Peforming Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1937 Don Everly (Kentucky-born Popular Musician) Kentucky Peforming Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
Garrett Morris (Louisiana-born African-American Comedic Performer) Lousiana Peforming Artists Actors Television African American Peforming Artists Internet Movie Database
1938 Sherman Hemsley (Pennsylvania-born African-American Actor: The Jeffersons) Pennsylvania Peforming Artists Actors Television African American Peforming Artists Internet Movie Database
1948 Rick James (New York-born African-American Popular Musician) New York Performing Artists Popular Muscians African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1965 Sherilyn Fenn (Michigan-born Actress) Michigan Peforming Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1968 Lisa Marie Presley (Tennessee-born Actress, Daughter of Elvis Presley) Tennessee Peforming Artists Elvis Presley Internet Movie Database Biography.com
Sports Figures
1915 Stanley Matthews (English Soccer Player) English Sports Figures Soccer
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1650 René Descartes (French Philosopher, Mathematician) René Descartes Mathematics Philosophy
1850 Edward Baker Lincoln (3-year-old son of Abraham Lincoln) Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1851 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (English Author of Frankenstein) Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Authors
1908 Carlos I, King of Portugal (Assassination) Portugal History Channel
1958 Clinton Davisson (Illinois-born 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Illinois Scientists and Mathematicians Physics 1937 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1966 Buster Keaton (Kansas-born Actor) Buster Keaton Actors Film
Hedda Hopper (Pennsylvania-born Columnist) Pennsylania Authors & Illustrators Journalism History Channel Imdb
1971 William John Marsh (English-born Composer of the Texas State Song: "Texas, Our Texas") English Composers Texas Composers Composers Texas State Historical Association
1976 Werner Karl Heisenberg (German-born 1932 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Werner Karl Heisenberg Physics Quantum Mechanics 1932 Nobel Laureate for Physics
George Hoyt Whipple (New Hampshire-born 1934 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) New Hampshire Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 1934 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine
2003 Rick Husband (Texas-born Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Texas Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
William McCool (California-born Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) California Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
Kalpana Chawla (Indian Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Indian Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
David Brown (Virginia-born Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Virginia Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
Laurel Clark (Iowa-born Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Iowa Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
Ilan Ramon (Israeli Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Israel Explorers and Astronauts NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster
Michael Anderson (New York-born African-American Astronaut: Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster) Michael Anderson NASA Astronauts Space Shuttle <I>Columbia</I> Disaster African-American Explorers
2012 Wislawa Szymborska (Polish 1996 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Wislawa Szymborska Poetry 1996 Nobel Laureate for Literature
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1587 Queen Elizabeth I of England Signs Death Warrant for Mary Stuart British History Queen Elizabeth I Greenwich Guide
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1733 James Olglethorpe and the First Georgia Colonists Arrive Disembark at Yamacraw Bluff State of Georgia Colonial Georgia Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1788 State of Georgia Issues Its First & Only Patent for a Steamboat State of Georgia Steamboats Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1790 The U.S. Supreme Court Convenes for the First Time U.S. Supreme Court Historic Firsts History Channel
1793 France Declares War on England & the Netherlands France England Netherlands War
1799 The Delaware General Assembly Permits "Free Black Persons and Free Mulattoes" to Testify in Criminal Cases Delaware Racism Law State of Delaware
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a cold windey Day

our hunters returnd. haveing killed only one Deer, a war Chief of the Me ne tar ras Came with Some Corn requested to have a War hatchet made, & requested to be allowed to go to war against the Souis & Ricarres [Recorees - Arikara Indians] who had Killed a mandan Some time past— we refused, and gave reassons, which he verry readily assented to, and promised to open his ears to all we Said

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Native American Tribes Deer

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning a party of four men set out with Joseph Fields; Sergt. Gass with a party of five men again set
out up the Netul river in surch of the Elk which had been killed some days since, and which could not be found in consequence of the snow.

The Canoes of the naives inhabiting the lower portion of the Columbia River make their canoes remarkably neat light and well addapted for riding high waves. I have seen the natives near the coast riding waves in these canoes with safety and apparently without concern where I should have thought it impossible for any vessel of the same size to lived a minute.

they are built of whitecedar or Arborvita generally, but sometimes of the firr. they are cut out of a solid stick of
timber, the gunwals at the upper edge foald over outwards, and stand horrizontally forming a kind of rim to the canoe to prevent the water beating into it.

they are all furnished with more or less crossbars in proportion to the size of the canoe. these bars are round sticks about half the size of a man's arm, which are incerted through holes made in either side of the canoe just below the rim of the gunwall and are further secured with strings of waytape; these crossbars serve to lift and manage the
canoe on land. when the natives land they invariably take their canoes on shore, unless they are heavily laden, and then even, if they remain all night, they discharge their loads and take the canoes on shore.

some of the large canoes are upwards of 50 feet long and will carry from 8 to 10 thousand lbs. or from 20 to thirty persons and some of them particularly on the sea coast are waxed painted and ornimented with curious images at bough and Stern; those images sometimes rise to the hight of five feet; the pedestals on which these immages are fixed are sometimes cut out of the solid stick with the canoe, and the imagary is formed of seperate small peices of timber firmly united with tenants and motices without assistance of a single spike of any kind.

when the natives are engaged in navigating their canoes one sets in the stern and steers with a paddle the others set by pears and paddle over the gunwall next them, they all kneel in the bottom of the canoe and set on their feet. their paddles are of a uniform shape of which this is an imitation these paddles are made very thin and the middle of the blade is thick and hollowed out siddonly and made thin at the sides while the center forms a kind of rib. the blade occupys about one third of the length of the paddle which is usually from 4˝ to 5 feet.

I have observed four forms of canoe only in uce among the nations below the grand chatarac of this river they are as follows.

this is the smallest size about 15 feet long and calculated for one or two persons, and are most common among the Cathlahmahs and Wâck ki a cums among the marshey Islands.

the bow and the stern of the seocnd kind are from twenty to thirty five feet and from two ˝ to 3 feet in the beam and about 2 feet in the hole; this canoe is common to all the nations below the grand rappids. it is here made deeper and shorter in proportion than they really are.— the bowsprit is brought to a sharp edge tapering gradually from the sides.

The most common form of the canoe in uce among the Indians from; the Chil-luck-kit-te-quaw inclusive to the Ocean and is usually about 30 or 35 feet long, and will carry from ten to twelve persons. 4 men are competent to carry them
a considerable distance say a mile without resting.

The fourth form of canoe we did not meet with untill we reached tidewater or below the grand rappids. from thence down it is common to all the nations but more particularly the Killamucks and others of the coast. these are the largest canoes. their immages are representations of a great variety of grotesque figures, any of which might be
safely worshiped without committing a breach of the commandments.

They have but few axes among them, and the only too usually imployed in felling the trees or forming the canoe, carving &c is a chiseel formed of an old file about an Inch or an Inch and a half broad. this chissel has sometimes a large block of wood for a handle; they grasp the chissel just below the block with the right hand holding the edge
down while with the left they take hold of the top of the block and strick backhanded against the wood with the edge of the chissel.

a person would suppose that the forming of a large canoe with an instrument like this was the work of several years; but these people make them in a few weeks. they prize their canoes very highly; we have been anxious to obtain some of them, for our journey up the river but have not been able to obtain one as yet from the natives in this neighbourhood.—

today we opened and examined all our ammunition, which had been secured in leaden canesters. we found twenty seven of the best rifle powder, 4 of common rifle, three of glaized and one of the musqut powder in good order, perfectly as dry as when first put in the canesters, altho' the whole of it from various accedents has been for hours under the water. these cannesters contain four lbds. of powder each and 8 of lead.

had it not have been for that happy expedient which I devised of securing the powder by means of the lead, we
should not have had a single charge of powder at this time. three of the canesters which had been accedentally bruized and cracked, one which was carelessly stoped, and a fifth that had been penetrated with a nail, were a little dammaged; these we gave to the men stock to last us back; and we always take care to put a proportion of it in
each canoe, to the end that should one canoe or more be lost we should still not be entirely bereft of ammunition, which is now our only hope for subsistence and defence in a rout of 4000 miles through a country exclusively inhabited by savages.—


Gass: We had a fine clear cold morning. A number of the men went out to bring meat to the fort, and to take some
to the saltworks.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 South Africa Annexes Territory North of the Great Berg River South Africa South African History
1809 Senator Thomas Pickering (MA) Demands an End to Jefferson's Embargo Act U.S. Congress President Thomas Jefferson The American Presidency International Trade History Channel
1810 Seville, Spain Is Surrendered to the French Spain France French Consulate
1811 Bell Rock Lighthouse Is First Lit Off the East Coast of Scotland Scotland Bell Rock Lighthouse
1814 The Philippines Mayon Volcano: 1,200 Die The Philippines Volcanos Death Thinkquest
Lord Byron's "The Corsair" Is Published Lord Byron Authors History Channel
1823 James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers Sells 3500 Copies on the Morning of Its Publication James Fenimore Cooper American Authors American Collection
Twelve Workers Are Killed in an Explosion at the Garesche Powder Works in Eden Park, Wilmington Delaware Labor Death State of Delaware
1833 Posey County, Indiana Incorporates a "Seminary" for Teacher Training Posey County, Indiana Education Indiana Historical Society
1834 In Indiana, Switzerland County and Jefferson County Each Open a "Seminary" for Teacher Training Indiana Education Education Indiana Historical Society
1836 Rush County, Indiana Opens a "Seminary" for Teacher Training Rush County, Indiana Education Indiana Historical Society
1838 Floyd County, Indiana Organizes a "Seminary" for Teacher Training Rush County, Indiana Education Indiana Historical Society
U.S. Patent #588 Issued for the Screw Propeller to John Ericsson Naval History Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks San Francisco Bay Genealogy
1839 The Alabama Legislature Abolishes Imprisonment for Debt, Except in Cases of Fraud Alabama Economics Law and Legal Resources Alabama Archives
Lincoln Presents Petition Requesting Prohibition of Liquor Sales in Sangamon County, Illinois Sangamon County, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Drug and Substance Abuse Lincoln Logs
1840 Seminole Warriors Attack Members of the 7th U.S. Infantry: Killing One, Wounding Two Florida Seminole Death Florida Historical Society
1842 New York's City Despatch Post Issues the First Adhesive Postage Stamp in the United States New York City U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Smithsonian Institution
1845 Baylor University Is Chartered Waco, Texas Education Baylor University
1847 U.S. Senate Rejects the Wilmot Proviso, Intended to Block Slavery in Territories Purchased From Mexico Following the Mexican War U.S. Senate Slavery Mexican-American War Ohio Historical Society
In New Mexico, U.S. Army Troops Attack Insurgents Resisting American Occupation by Burning Every Building in Mora Mora County, New Mexico Fire Mexican-American War State of New Mexico New Mexico Magazine
1848 Lincoln Reaffirms Position That the War with Mexico Is Unnecessary and Unconstitutional U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Mexican-American War Lincoln Logs
1850 Abraham Lincoln's Three-Year-Old Son, Eddie, Dies Abraham Lincoln Death Lincoln Logs
1860 Charles Ingalls and Caroline Quiner Are Married in Concord, Wisconsin. They Will Be Parents of Children's Author, Laura Ingalls Wilder Laura Ingalls Wilder. Young Adult Authors Wisconsin Historical Society
1861 Abraham Lincoln Writes He Is Unwilling to Accept the Expansion of Slavery in the U.S. Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Logs
Abraham Lincoln Accepts Invitation to Stop in Cincinnati on His Way to Washington, D.C. Cincinnati, OH Abraham Lincoln Railroad Lincoln Logs
Texas Is the 7th State to Secede From the Union Texas Secession Secession History Channel
1862 Union Gunboat Shells a Confederate Salt Works Near the St. Marks, Florida Lighthouse Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
Union's U.S.S. Montgomery Captures the Schooner Isabel Off Florida's West Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" Is First Published Julia Ward Howe American Civil War Music Concordia
President Lincoln Writes Letter of Sympathy to Queen Victoria of England on the Death of Her Husband British Political and Social Leaders Queen Victoria of England Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
President Lincoln Directs U.S. Marshal for District of Columbia Not to Arrest Fugitive Slaves Washington, D.C. Slavery Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Logs
1863 U.S. Ships Capture the British Schooner Margaret Near St. Petersburg, Florida Great Britain St. Petersburg, Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Orders a Draft of 500,000 Men Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1865 President Lincoln Approves Resolution Submitting Thirteenth Amendment to the States for Ratification Abraham Lincoln 13TH Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Slavery Lincoln Logs
John Rock First African American Admitted to Practice Before Supreme Court U.S. Supreme Court African-American Heritage Historic Firsts American Bar Asscoiation African American Registry
1867 Mexican Republicans Defeat Imperialist Forces at Battle of San Jacinto Mexico The Nevada Observer
1871 Georgia's J.F. Long Is First African-American Congressman to Speak on House Floor Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1872 The Cairo to Fulton Railroad Opens as the First Railroad to Connect Arkansas to Missouri and the Eastern United States Arkansas Missouri Railroads Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture Arkansas History Commission
1873 The British Royal Naval College Opens in Greenwich British History Naval History Education Greenwich Guide
1875 The First German-Language Kindergarten Is Opened in Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee. Wisconsin KIndergarten Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1877 Lieutenant Governor Joshua Newbold Becomes the Governor of Iowa Iowa Political and Social Leaders Iowa State Historical Society
1879 Seattle, Washington Fire Department Unveils Its New Steam-fired Engine Pump Seattle Washington Seattle Fire Department History Link
1882 Ground Is Broken for the Texas State Capitol Texas Official Website Texas State Historical Society
1884 First Volume of Oxford English Dictionary (A–Ant) Is Published Dictionaries Historic Firsts Britannica
1885 Mormon Leader, John Taylor, Goes into Hiding to Avoid Federal Arrest Mormon Church Crime History Channel
1886 In Minnesota, St. Paul's First Winter Carnival Opens St. Paul, Minnesota Snow Historic Firsts St. Paul Winter Carnival Minnesota Historical Society
1893 Thomas Edison Completes Construction on the First Movie Studio Thomas Edison Film Historic Firsts History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1896 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme" Premieres in Turin, Italy Giacomo Puccini Opera New York Times
1898 Travelers Insurance Company Is First to Offer Auto Insurance Automobiles Travelers Insurance Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Eastman Kodak Co. Introduces the $1 Brownie Box Camera Photography Eastman Kodak
1901 United States Steel Is Incorporated Businesses & Corporations U.S. Steel University of Pittsburgh
1905 The U.S. Congress Approves the Exportation of Pulp Wood or Wood Pulp Manufactured From Alaska Timber Alaska Business U.S. Congress Trees Business and Economics Alaska Historical Society
1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his Eldest Son, Luýs Filipe, Are Assassinated by Revolutionaries Portuguese Political and Social Leaders Death History Channel
1910 C & O Railroad Subsidiary Purchases West Virginia's Greenbrier Resort West Virginia Railroad Business The Greenbrier West Virginia Archives
1914 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants Play an Exhibition Game in Egypt Egypt Major League Baseball USA Today
1920 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Is Created Canada Royal Canadian Mounted Police New York Times
1926 General Billy Mitchell Resigns From the U.S. Air Service After Being Found Guilty of Insubordination Billy Mitchell Aviation Military History Wisconsin Historical Society
1929 President Coolidge Dedicates the Singing Tower and Bird Sanctuary in Lake Wales, Florida Lake Wales, Florida President Coolidge Birds Official Website Florida Historical Society
The Broadway Melody, Hollywood's First Original Musical, Premieres Film History Channel Internet Movie Database Historic Firsts
1932 William Faulkner Publishes "Once Aboard the Lugger" in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi
1933 United States and Mexico Sign Rio Grande Rectification Treaty Mexico Rio Grande River Historic U.S. Documents Rivers Texas State Historical Society
1938 Thomas Wolfe's Story "A Prologue to America" Is Published in Vogue Thomas Wolfe American Authors American Collection
1943 Japanese Troops Begin Evacuation of Guadalcanal Japan Battle of Guadalcanal History Channel
1944 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 2,800 in Turkey Turkey Earthquakes Death USGS
1946 Norwegian Trygve Lie Chosen First Secretary-General of United Nations United Nations Norway Historic Firsts New York Times
1947 California's Legislature Approves Plan to Build a State Highway System California Transportation Learn California
1948 Federation of Malaysia Is Formed from 9 Sultanates Malaysia Ebcyclopedia of Nations
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Curly Lambeau Resigns as Head Coach of Green Bay Packers Green Bay, Wisconsins Pro Football Hall of Fame Green Bay Packers USA Today Wisconsin Historical Society
1951 UN Condemns People's Republic of China's Aggression in Korea United Nations China Korean War The History Channel
1953 Violent Storms Kill Hundreds Along England's East Coast Great Britain Death BBC
"You Are There" with Walter Cronkite Premieres on CBS Television CBS Internet Movie Database
1954 Television's First Soap Opera, "Secret Storm" Premieres Television Historic Firsts Internet Movie Database
1955 H. C. Hansen Appointed Premier of Denmark Denmark Social Democratic Party of Denmark
1956 Autherine Lucy of Is Briefly the African American to Enroll at the University of Alabama Alabama African-American Heritage University of Alabama Historic Firsts Alabama Archives
WSAV-TV, Savannah, Georgia, Begins Broadcasting as an NBC Affiliate Savannah, Georgia Television WSAV Historic Firsts University of Georgia
American Men Sweep the Olympic Figure Skating Medals 1956 Winter Olympic Games USA Today
1958 Elvis Presley Records His Last Single Before Joining the Army Elvis Presley Popular Music History Channel
1959 Texas Instruments Is Issued a Patent on the Integrated Circuit Physics Patents and Trademarks Texas Instruments
Swiss Males Vote Against Voting Rights for Women Switzerland Women's Suffrage Voting & Elections History of Switzerland
1960 Four African-American College Students Begin Greensboro, NC Lunch Counter Sit-ins Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-ins U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage New York Times African American Registry
1961 U.S. Conducts First Successful Launch of Minuteman ICBM Missile Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts History Link
1962 Okinawa Accuses U.S. of Treating the Island as a Colony in Violation of the U.N. Charter United Nations Okinawa Asian-American Heritage Asian History
1964 "Stop the World I Want to Get Off Closes" in New York New York City Plays Internet Broadway Database
1965 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr & 700 Demonstrators Arrested in Selma, Alabama Selma, Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. U.S. Civil Rights Movement Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1967 Completion of I-94 Makes Michigan the First State with a Border-to-Border Interstate Highway Michigan Wikipedia Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1968 President Johnson Authorizes Popular Elections for U.S.-occupied Okinawa Okinawa President Lyndon Johnson Elections Asian-American Heritage Asian History
Richard Nixon Announces Candidacy for U.S. President Richard Nixon The American Presidency Politics and Elections History Channel
Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central Merge to Form Penn Central Railroad New York Pennsylvania Railroads Businesses & Corporations Pennsylvania Railroad Museum
Edward T. Adams (AP) Takes Pulitzer Prize Photograph, "Saigon Execution" Vietnam War Photography 1969 Pulitzer Prize for Photography New York Times
Vince Lombardi Resigns as Head Coach of Green Bay Packers Pro Football Hall of Fame Green Bay Packers USA Today New York Times
1970 An Express Train Rams a Stationary Commuter Train in Buenos Aires, Argentina: 236 Die Argentina Railroads Death CBS
1972 FAA Issues Rule Requiring Air Carriers to Use Screening to Prevent Airline Hijackings FAA Air Travel Terrorism National Academies Press
Hewlett-Packard Introduces First Hand-Held Calculator (HP-35) History of Technology Hewlett-Packard Historic Firsts
1973 South Africa Grants Self-Governing Status to Venda and Gazankulu South Africa South African History
1978 Severe Blizzard Paralyzes the Great Lakes States Illinois Indiana Kentucky Michigan Ohio Snow Intellicast
Harriet Tubman Appears As First African-American Woman on U.S. Postage Stamp Harriet Tubman African-American Heritage Historic Firsts US Postal Service (pdf)
1979 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Returns to Iran After 15-year Exile Ayatollah Khomeini Islam History Channel BBC
Patty Hearst Is Released from Prison California Crime New York Times
1982 ''Late Night with David Letterman'' Premieres on NBC TV Television NBC Internet Movie Database
1984 Carter Woodson Is Commemorated on U.S. Postage Stamp Carter Woodson Education African-American Political and Social Leaders US Postal Service (pdf)
1987 Workers Accept Wage Freeze, Ending 163-day Strike Against John Deere John Deere Labor
1990 Ida B. Wells Is Commemorated on U.S. Postage Stamp Ida B. Wells African-American Heritage US Postal Service (pdf)
1991 South African President F W De Klerk Promises to Demolish All Remnants of Apartheid F W De Klerk South African History
USAir Jetliner Crashes Into Commuter Plane in Los Angeles: 35 Die Los Angeles Air Disasters Death New York Times
1994 Allison Davis Is Commemorated on U.S. Postage Stamp Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Education African-American Political and Social Leaders US Postal Service (pdf)
Jeff Gillooly Pleads Guilty for Attacking Figure Skater Nancy Kerrigan Nancy Kerrigan Figure Skating Hall of Fame Crime Law & Legal Resources Washington Post
1995 The Socialist Republic of Vietnam Opens Diplomatic Liaison Office in Washington, D.C. Vietnam Washington, D.C. Asian-American Heritage Asian History
1996 Ernest Just Is Commemorated on U.S. Postage Stamp South Carolina Scientists & Mathematicians African-American Scientists & Mathematicians US Postal Service (pdf)
Congress Enacts Communications Decency Act to Regulate Internet Usage U.S. Congress Law and Legal Resources The Internet The Electronic Privacy Information Center
George Walker's Pulitzer Prize-Winning "Lilacs" for Voice and Orchestra Is First Performed by Soprano Faye Robinson and the Boston Symphony Boston Symphony Washington, D.C. Composers American Composers Historic Firsts African-American Composers 1996 Pulitzer Prize for Music American Public Media
1999 Monica Lewinsky Gives Deposition In Clinton Impeachment Hearing Impeachment of President Bill Clinton The American Presidency Law & Legal Resources New York Times
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia Disintegrates Upon Re-entry: All Aboard Perish The Space Shuttle STS-107 Disaster Death History Channel BBC