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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who became the first African-American to head a professional sports league on this date in 1989? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Why was the president of the Alabama NAACP arrested on this date in 1988? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Negro Baseball League, what story would Satchel Paige tell about how fast Cool Papa Bell was? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. What anniversary is remembered on Mozambique's Heroes' Day? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, how did Dr. Ronald McNair die? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Red Hot Jazz, in what year did Lil Hardin Armstrong marry Louis Armstrong? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Maya Angelou (according to the Academy of American Poets):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to The Black Collegian, what was Maya Angelou's name at birth?

2. According to the Nobel Foundation, Ralph Bunche was an acting mediator for what area of the world?

3. Who defied Apartheid with a South African beach walk the same year Bill White became President of the National League?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a team for which Cool Papa Bell played (according to the Baseball Hall of Fame):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou


Ronald McNair
Ronald McNair

Lil Hardin Armstrong
Born on This Date 1898

Jazz Vocalist
Ralph Bunche
Ralph Bunche

Awarded 1950 Nobel Peace Prize

James Cool Papa Bell
James "Cool Papa" Bell

Baseball Hall of Fame

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Mozambique: Heroes' Day
(Observance of the anniversary of the assassination of President Eduardo Mondlane 2/3/1969)
Eduardo Mondlane Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date World Travel Guide Mozambique News Agency
São Tomé e Príncipe: Martyrs' Day
(Observed annually on February 3)
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1907 Walt Morey (Washington-born Children's Author) Washington Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1927 Joan Lowery Nixon (Los Angeles-born Children's Author) Joan Lowery Nixon Young-adult Authors
1945 John Wallner (Missouri-born Children's Author) Missouri Authors and Illustrators American Artists
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1811 Horace Greeley (New Hampshire-born Pioneer, Journalist) Horace Greeley Westward Expansion Journalism
1842 Sidney Lanier (Georgia-born Poet, Composer) Georgia Authors & Illustrators Poetry American Composers University of Georgia
1874 Gertrude Stein (Pennsylvania-born Author) Gertrude Stein
1898 Ralph McGill (Tennessee-born Editor/Publisher of the Atlanta Constitution) Tennessee Authors & Illustrators Journalism 1959 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing University of Georgia
1899 Lao Shê (Chinese Novelist, Playwright) Lao Shê Plays
1907 Hodding Carter (Louisiana-born Journalist Awarded the 1946 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing) Louisiana Authors and Illustrators Journalism 1946 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing
James A. Michener (New York City-born Novelist Awarded the 1948 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Tales of the South Pacific) James Michener 1948 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Tales of the South Pacific
1926 Richard Yates (New York City-born Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1947 Paul Auster (New Jersey-born Author) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
1894 Norman Rockwell (New York City-born Artist, Illustrator) Norman Rockwell
1914 Inge Ruth Hardison (Virginia-born African-American Artist) Virginia Artists African American Artists African American Registry
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1809 Felix Mendelssohn (German Composer) Felix Mendelssohn
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1811 Elizabeth Blackwell (English Physician; the First Woman to Obtain a Medical Degree in the United States) Elizabeth Blackwell Medicine Education Women
1867 Charles Turner (Ohio-born Entomologist) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Insects African-American Political & Social Leaders African American Registry
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1909 Simone Weil (French Philosopher, Political Activist) Simone Weil Philosophy
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1920 John W. Schmitt (President of the Wisconsin AFL-CIO: 1966 - 1986) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Labor Wisconsin AFL-CIO Wisconsin Historical Society
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1898 Lil Hardin Armstrong (Tennessee-born African-American Jazz Musician; Wife of Louis Armstrong) Lil Hardin Armstrong Louis Armstrong Jazz African American Performing Artists
1900 Mabel Mercer (English-born African-American Jazz Singer) English Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1918 Joey Bishop (New York City-born Comedian) Joey Bishop Actors Film Television
1943 Blythe Danner (Pennsylvania-born Actress) Blythe Danner Actors Film Television
1950 Morgan Fairchild (Texas-born Actress) Morgan Fairchild Actors Film Television
1956 Nathan Lane (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1957 Marlon Riggs (Texas-born African-American Filmmaker) Texas Performing Artists Film African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
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1940 Fran Tarkenton (Virginia-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Virginia Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
1945 Bob Griese (Indiana-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Indiana Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
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1014 King Sweyn I of Denmark Denmark
1468 Johannes Gutenberg (German-born Inventor of the Printing Press) Johannes Gutenberg Inventors and Invention Books
1870 Allen Trimble (Virginia-born Governor of Ohio) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Ohio Political and Social Leaders Ohio Historical Society
1889 Belle Starr (Oklahoma-born Outlaw) Oklahoma Belle Starr Notorious Americans The History Channel
1922 Levin Handy (Maryland-born U.S. Congressman from Delaware) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1924 Woodrow Wilson (Virginia-born 28th President of the United States) Virginia Political and Social Leaders Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency The History Channel
1948 Laura Wheeling Waring (Connecticut-born African-American Artist) Connecticut Artists African American Artists Famous African-Americans
1959 Buddy Holly (Texas-born Popular Musician: Iowa Plane Crash) Iowa Buddy Holly Popular Musicians Air Disasters Texas State Historical Association The History Channel BBC
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Jiles Perry Richardson "Big Bopper" (Texas-born Popular Musician: Iowa Plane Crash) Texas Performing Artists Popular Musicians Air Disasters Texas State Historical Association The History Channel
1969 Eduardo Mondlane President of Mozambique; Assassination) Eduardo Mondlane African History Death Mozambique News Agency
1979 Charlemae Hill Rollins (Mississippi-born African-American Children's Author) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Educators of Note Libary Resources Young-adult Authors African-American Authors & Illustrators Mississippi Writers
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1488 Portuguese Explorer, Bartolomeu Dias, Discovers South Africa's Mossel Bay South Africa Bartolomeu Dias Explorers South African History
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1515 Britain's King Henry VIII Breaks 23 Spears and Is Highly Praised At All-comers Joust British Sports Figures King Henry VIII Greenwich Guide
1518 Silence was imposed on the Augustinian monks in the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X Catholicism Religion Concordia
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1600 Tycho Brahe & Johannes Kepler Meet for First Time Near Prague Johannes Kepler Tycho Brahe Astronomy The Solar System Univerzita Karlova v Praze
1690 Massachusetts Authorizes First Official Paper Currency in the Western Hemisphere Massachusetts Massachusetts Colony Currencies Historic Firsts History Channel
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1768 Andrew Turnbull Arrives on the Island of Minorca to Recruit Settlers for His New Smyrna Colony in Florida Scottish Explorers New Smyrna, Florida Florida Colony New Smyrna, Florida Florida Historical Society
1786 Governor Signs an Act Creating Greene County as Georgia's 11th County Greene County, Georgia Greene County, Georgia University of Georgia
1789 The Medical Society of Delaware Is Incorporated Delaware Health Care Medical Society of Delaware State of Delaware
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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine day; the blacksmith again commences his opperations. we were visited by but few of the natives today.

the situation of our boat and perogues is now allarming, they are firmly inclosed in the Ice and almost covered with snow. The ice which incloses them lyes in several stratas of unequal thicknesses which are seperated by streams of water. this peculiarly unfortunate because so soon as we cut through the first strata of ice the water rushes up and rises as high as the upper surface of the ice and thus creates such a debth of water as renders it impracticable to
cut away the lower strata which appears firmly attatched to, and confining the bottom of the vessels.

the instruments we have hitherto used has been the ax only, with which, we have made several attempts that proved unsuccessfull from the cause above mentioned. we then determined to attempt freeing them from the ice by means of boiling water which we purposed heating in the vessels by means of hot stones, but this expedient proved also fruitless, as every species of stone which we could procure in the neighbourhood partook so much of the calcarious genus that they burst into small particles on being exposed to the heat of the fire.

[When rocks containing calcium carbonate are heated the CO2 is driven off, leaving a powder of CaO. Trapped moisture when heated to steam will also cause rocks to break.]

we now determined as the dernier resort to prepare a parsel of Iron spikes and attatch them to the end of small poles of convenient length and endeavour by means of them to free the vessels from the ice. we have already prepared a large rope of Elk-skin and a windless by means of which we have no doubt of being able to draw the boat on the bank provided we can free from the ice.—

our provisions of meat being nearly exorsted

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes


The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: About three o'clock Drewyer and La Page, returned; Drewyer had killed seven Elk in the point below us, several miles distant but can be approached with in ¾ of a mile with canoes by means of a small creek which discharges itself into the bay on this side of the Clatsop village

direct Sergt. pryor to go in quest of the meat, the wind was so high that they were unable to set out untill a little
before sunset, when they departed; at 10 P. M. they return excessively could and informed us that they could not make land on this side of the bay nor get into the creek in consequence of the tide being out and much lower than usual.

we are apprehensive that the Clatsops who know where the meat is will rob us of a part if not the whole of it.

at half after 4 P. M. Sergt Gass returned with his party, they brought with them the flesh of four other Elk which the hunters had found, being a part of the ten which were killed up the Netul river the other day. he left R. Fields, Shannon and Labuish to continue the hunt and made an appointment to return to them on Friday.

late in the evening the four men who had been sent to assist the saltmakers in transporting meat which they had killed to their camp, also returned, and brought with them all the salt which had been made, consisting of about one busshel only. with the means we have of boiling the salt water we find it a very tedious opperation, that of making
salt, notwithstanding we keep the kettles boiling day and night. we calculate on three bushels lasting us from hence to our deposits of that article on the Missouri.

Gass: Some light showers of rain fell in the course of last night; and this day is still somewhat wet and cloudy. One
of our hunters came in, who had killed seven elk, and returned with a party and a canoe to bring in the meat. We are fortunate in getting as much meat as we can eat; but we have no other kind of provisions.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 U.S. Congress Creates the Illinois Territory, Which Includes All of Present-day Wisconsin and Minnesota East of the Mississippi River Illinois Wisconsin Minnesota United States Congress Mississippi River New York Times Minnesota Historical Society
1812 Joseph Story Is Sworn In as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders James Madison U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1820 John Keats, Age 24, Determines He Has Terminal Tuberculosis John Keats Poetry Tuberculosis The History Channel
1821 Arkopolis Is Adopted as the Name of What Will Be Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1838 The Michigan Central Railroad Begins Service Michigan Railroad Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1841 Republic of Texas Authorizes Mercantile Firm to Issue Money Republic of Texas Currency Texas State Historical Association
1843 Arkansas' System of Common Schools Is Established Arkansas Education Education Arkansas History Commission
1847 $800 Is Raised in San Francisco for Provisions, Clothing, Horses and Mules to Rescue the Survivors of the Donner Party San Francisco The Donner Party Economics Learn California
1848 The British Annex the Land Between the Orange and Vaal Rivers in South Africa South Africa Great Britain South African History
1853 Fire Destroys a City Block of Little Rock, Arkansas to Include the Post Office Little Rock, Arkansas Fire Arkansas History Commission
1858 Virginia State Senate Appropriates Money for an Equestrian Statue of George Washington Virginia George Washington Economics Virginia Historical Society
1862 President Lincoln Questions General McClellan's Plans for the Army of the Potomac George McClellan Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
Confederate Steamer Florida Successfully Eludes Federal Ships Blockading Florida's Eastern Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Thanks King of Siam for Gifts, But Declines Offer of Elephants Thailand Political and Social Leaders Abraham Lincoln Elephants Lincoln Papers
1863 President Lincoln's Cabinet Discusses Wisdom of Shooting a Deserter as Example to the Army Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Capital Punishment Lincoln Papers
1865 Lincoln and Confederate Leaders Conduct Hampton Roads Peace Conference Aboard "River Queen" Virginia Abraham Lincoln American Civil War History Channel
The West Virginia Legislature Passes an Act Abolishing Slavery in the State West Virginia Slavery Historic Documents West Virginia Archive
British Schooner John Hale Is Captured Near St. Marks, FL Union by Schooner Matthew Vassar Great Britain Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1867 14-year-old Prince Mutsuhito Becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan Japan Asian History
Edward Fitzgerald Is Consecrated as the Bishop of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism Arkansas History Commission
1870 Iowa Ratifies the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Iowa 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Voting Civil Rights Emory University
1874 Blanche Bruce First MS African American Elected to Full U.S. Senate Term U.S. Congress Mississippi African-American History Historic Firsts
1879 Joseph Swan Demonstrates the First Electric Light at the Newcastle Chemical Society Joseph Swan Light Bulb Historic Firsts The British Library
1889 Outlaw Belle Starr Is Murdered in Oklahoma Oklahoma Belle Starr Notorious Americans The History Channel
1893 Three-foot Snow and Sub-zero Temperatures Paralyze Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washington Snow Temperature History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1913 16th Amendment Ratified Granting Congress Right to Collect Income Taxes 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution U.S. Congress Taxes History Channel EconEdLink
1916 Canada's Original Parliament Buildings, in Ottawa, Burn Down Canada Fire Safety New York Times
Seattle's Skinner & Eddy Shipyard Begins Ship Construction Seattle, Washington Naval History World War I History Link
1917 Germany Broadens Submarine Warfare - U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Relations Germany Submarines World War I New York Times
1919 Commission Led by President Woodrow Wilson Begins Work on the League of Nations Covenant The League of Nations President Woodrow Wilson Indiana University
Kiev Is Captured by the Bolsheviks Ukraine Soviet Union Indiana University
1923 8.5 Earthquake Is Centered on Russia's Volcanic Kamchatka Peninsula Russia Earthquake USGS
1926 First Broadcast of WCOA Radio (Pensacola, Florida) Is Piped Outside to an Assembled Crowd Pensacola, Florida Radio Historic Firsts Official Website Florida Historical Society
1930 Ho Chi Minh Presides Over Meeting At Which the Vietnamese Communist Party Is Founded Ho Chi Minh Country Studies
Chief Justice of the United States, William Howard Taft, Resigns For Health Reasons Ohio Political and Social Leaders William Howard Taft U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1931 Airmail Service Begins Between the Minnesota's Twin Cities and Winnipeg, Canada Winnipeg, Canada Minnesota Aviation History USPS Minnesota Historical Society
1944 U.S. Troops Capture the Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Japan World War II History Channel
1945 In the Philippines, U.S. Troops Liberate Prisoners From the Santo Tomas Camp, Including. Lt. Marcia Gates of Janesville, Wisconsin The Philippines Japan Janesville, Wisconsin American Women in the Military Prisoners of War World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
1946 The Natal Indian Congress Protests Efforts to Limit Indian Rights in South Africa South Africa India Human Rights South African History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Physicist Klaus Fuchs Arrested for Passing Atomic Bomb Secrets to Soviets Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War History Channel
1951 Tennessee Williams' The Rose Tattoo Opens at the Martin Beck Theatre on Broadway Tennessee Williams Internet Broadway Database Mississippi Writers
"White Rain" Falls in North & Central Florida with Crescent City and St. Augustine Receiving 2" Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1952 The First Episode of the TV Program "Dragnet" Is Copyrighted Television Trademarks and Copyrights The Internet Movie Database USPTO
1953 French oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau Publishes The Silent World French Austhors & Illustrators Earth and Environmental Science Oceans The Silent World The History Channel
1954 Queen Elizabeth II Makes the First Visit of a Reigning Monarch to Australia Australia British History Queen Elizabeth II Historic Firsts Government of Australia
1956 Figure Skater Tenley Albright Wins the Gold Medal at the Olympic Games in Cortina, Italy Italy Massachusetts Sports Figures Figure Skating Hall of Fame 1956 Winter Olympics Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1958 Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands Sign the Benelux Economic Union Treaty Belgium Luxembourg The Netherlands European History CNN
1959 Day the Music Died: Plane Crash Kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, Big Bopper Buddy Holly Popular Musicians Air Disasters Texas State Historical Association The History Channel BBC
Construction Begins on the Howard A. Hanson Dam above Washington's White River Valley Washington Rivers Dams History Link
1960 British Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, Speaks Out Against South Africa's Apartheid South Africa Harold Macmillan Apartheid BBC
1961 The First Commercial Jet Lands in Juneau, Alaska Juneau, Alaska Aviation History Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1964 Adolph Rupp Wins His 700th Game at the University of Kentucky Kentucky Basketball Hall of Fame University of Kentucky
1965 NASA Launches OSO 2 Satellite to Conduct Solar Physics Experiments Above the Atmosphere Space Exploration The Sun Physics NASA
1966 Soviet Unmanned Luna IX Make First Controlled Lunar Landing Soviet Space Program Lunar Exploration Zarya The History Channel BBC
NASA Launches ESSA 1 Satellite to Provide Meteorological Cloud-cover Photography Space Exploration Clouds Meteorology Photography NASA
1969 Mozambique President Mondlane Assassinated by Secret Police Mail Bomb Eduardo Mondlane African History Death Mozambique News Agency
Palestinian National Congress Appoints Yasser Arafat Head of the PLO Yasser Arafat Palestine Palestine Ministry of Information
1970 NASA Launches SERT II Developmental Spacecraft into a 1000-km-high Polar Orbit Space Exploration NASA
1972 U.S. Postal Service Issues an 8-cent Commemorative Stamp Honoring Georgia Poet Sidney Lanier Georgia Authors & Illustrators Poetry U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
1973 President Nixon Signs Endangered Species Act into Law Richard Nixon Endangered Animals USDA Forest Service
1978 European Economic Community Signs First Trade Agreement with China Chinese History European History Business and Economics World History Historic Firsts
Egyptian President Sadat Arrives in U.S. to Discuss Middle East Peace with President Carter Anwar el-Sadat President Carter BBC
1980 Rookie Larry Bird Hits the First 3-Point Shot in NBA All-Star Game History Basketball Hall of Fame Historic Firsts NBA
1984 NASA Launches Challenger (STS-41-B): Mission Includes First Untethered Space Walks Space Shuttle Historic Firsts NASA
California Woman Gives Birth to the First Child by Embryo Transfer California Medical Research Child Advocacy Historic Firsts Aetna
1986 President Reagan Appoints a Commission to Investigate the Challenger Disaster President Ronald Reagan Challenger Disaster Technology and Society
Pope John Paul II Visits Mother Teresa's Refuge in Calcutta Calcutta, India Mother Teresa Pope John Paul II Religion BBC
1988 The President of Alabama's NAACP Arrested for Removing the Confederate Flag from State Capitol Alabama U.S. Civil Rights African-American History NAACP New York Times
U.S. House of Representatives Rejects President Reagan's Request for $36M Aid to Nicaraguan Contras Nicaragua U.S. House of Representatives Iran-Contra Scandal Economics New York Times
British Nurses Protest for Better Pay Great Britain Medical Professionals Labor Actions Economics BBC
1989 Paraguay's Stroessner Regime Is Overthrown in a Military Coup Headed by General Andres Rodriguez Paraguay U.S. Department of State
National League President Bill White Is First African-American to Head a Pro Sports League Florida Sports Figures Major League Baseball African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts New York Times
1991 US First-Class Postage Increases from 25¢ to 29¢ Economics U.S. Postal Service
1994 President Bill Clinton Lifts U.S. Trade Embargo against Vietnam Vietnam President Bill Clinton Business &  Economics Vietnam War The History Channel
NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-60) with First Russian Cosmonaut Aboard Russian Space Program Space Shuttle Historic Firsts NASA
1995 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-63) with First Female Pilot Space Shuttle Women Historic Firsts NASA
1996 6.6 Kills 322 in Yunnan, China China Earthquake Death USGS
1998 U.S. Military Jet Causes Cable Car Tragedy in Italian Ski Resort: 20 Die Italy Skiing Air Disasters Death BBC
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to date
2005 Alberto R. Gonzales Is Sworn in as the Nation's First Hispanic Attorney General President George W. Bush Hispanic Heritage Historic Firsts Office of the Attorney General
2009 Eric Holder Is Sworn in as the Nation's First African-American Attorney General Eric Holder President Barack Obama African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Office of the Attorney General