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Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In 1958, who became the first African-American to serve as Chief of a Diplomatic Mission in Europe? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In 1956, who became the first African-American member of the National Press Club? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to NASA, which space shuttle carried Guy Bluford when he became the first African-American in space? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a country where this date is celebrated as a holiday:

1. In what year was Barack Obama chosen as the first African-American president of the "Harvard Law Review?" (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to PBS, in which theater did Pearl Bailey win a 1938 singing contest? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American women elected to what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a theatrical production in which Pearl Bailey appeared (according to the Women's International Center):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Dartmouth College, for what newspaper was Romare Bearden a political cartoonist?

2. According to the Baseball Hall of Fame, how many votes did Hank Aaron receive when he was elected to the Hall of Fame?

3. According to the U.S. Department of State, in which country did Clifton Wharton serve as ambassador from 1961-1964?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Romare Bearden that is held by the U.S. Library of Congress (according to Artcyclopedia):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Romare Bearden
Romare Bearden


Guy Bluford
Guy Bluford


Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey

Popular Singer

Shirley Chisholm
Shirley Chisholm


Hank Aaron
Hank Aaron

Baseball Hall of Fame

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Burundi: Unity Day

Burundi U.S. Department of State Canadian Ministry of Immigration
Finland: Johan Ludvig Runeberg's Birthday
(Annual celebration of the poet's birthday, 02/05/1804)
Finland Porvoo Museum
Japan: Martyr Day
(Memorializes Saint Peter Baptist and others who were crucified by Emperor Tagosama in 1597)
Japan Catholic Saints Catholic Encyclopedia
Mexico: Día de la Constitución (Constitution Day)
(Commemorates the anniversary of the adoption of the present constitution: 02/05/1917)
Mexico U.S. Department of State
San Marino: Sant' Agata
(Celebration of liberation from the Cardinal Giuio Alberoni Occupation in 1740)
San Marino Expedia
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1924 Patricia Lauber (New York City-born Children's Science Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Author Young-Adult Author Science
1957 David Wiesner (New Jersey-born Children's Author, Illustrator) David Wiesner Primary Children's Author American Artists
Authors and Poets
1626 Marie de Sevigne (French Noblewoman, Letter Writer) Paris Authors and Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1804 Johan Ludvig Runeberg (Finnish Poet) Finnish Authors and Illustrators Poetry
1898 Ralph Emerson McGill (Tennessee-born Journalist: Atlanta Constitution, 1959 Pulitzer Prize for Editing) Tennessee Authors and Illustrators Atlanta Journal Constitution 1959 Pulitzer Prize for Editing
1914 William S. Burroughs (Missouri-born Novelist) William S. Burroughs
1915 Margaret Millar (Canadian Mystery Writer, Novelist) Canadian Authors and Illustrators Biblio Writer's Almanac
1928 Andrew Greeley (Illinois-born Catholic Priest and Novelist) Illinois Authors and Illustrators Catholicism History Channel
1938 John Guare (New York City-born Playwright) New York City Authors and Illustrators Plays Writer's Almanac
1942 Susan Hill (English Novelist, Short-Story Writer) English Authors and Illustrators Official Web Site Writer's Almanac
1951 Elizabeth Swados *New York-born Author) New York Authors and Illustrators
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1947 Mary Louise Cleave (New York-born Astronaut) New York Explorers and Astronauts Astronauts
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1744 John Jeffries (Massachusetts-born Physician/Meteorologist: First American to Fly When He Went Aloft in a Balloon in London, England) Meterology
1840 Hiram Maxim (Maine-born English Inventor of the Machine Gun) English Scientists & Mathematcians Maine Scientists & Mathematcians Inventors and Invention War Spartacus Technology and Society
John Dunlop (Scottish Inventor of the Inflatable Tire) Scottish Scientists & Mathematcians Inventors and Invention Automotives Dunlop Technology and Society
1915 Robert Hofstadter (New York City-born 1961 Nobel Laureate for Physics) New York City Scientists & Mathematcians Physics 1961 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Business Leaders
1878 Andre Gustave Citroën (French Auto Maker/Business Leader) French Business Leaders Automobiles Official Web Site History Channel
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1837 Dwight Lyman Moody (Massachusetts-born Evangelist, Businessman; Founder of Moody Bible Institute) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Religion Education Moodie Bible Institute
Political and Social Leaders
1723 John Witherspoon (Scottish-American Signer of Declaration of Independence) Scotland Declaration of Independence
1788 Robert Peel (Prime Minister of England) British Poltical & Social Leaders
1900 Adlai Stevenson (California-born Statesman, Governor of Illinois: 1949-53, Democratic Nominee for President of the United States) Los Angeles Political & Social Leaders Illinois Political & Social Leaders American Politcal Leaders New York Times
1919 Andreas Papandreou (Premier of Greece) Greek Political and Social Leaders
The Notorious
1848 Belle Starr (Missouri-born Outlaw) Belle Starr Notorious Americans
Performing Artists
1898 Sid Fields (Wisconsin-born Actor) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Film Wisconsin Historical Society
1906 John Carradine (New York City-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film
1919 Red Buttons (New York City-born Comedic Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1943 Michael Mann (Chicago-born Director, Producer, Screenwriter) Chicago Performing Artists American Authors Film Television
1948 Barbara Hershey (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film
Christopher Guest (New York City-born Writer, Director, Comedian) New York City Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Writer's Almanac
Errol Morris (Wisconsin-born Film Producer) Wisconsin Performing Artists Filmmakers Wisconsin Historical Society
1958 Jennifer Jason Leigh (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film
1964 Laura Linney (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1971 Sara Evans (Missouri-born Country Singer) Missouri Performing Artists Country & Western Musicians
Sports Figures
1934 Hank (Henry) Aaron (Alabama-born African-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Henry Aaron Baseball Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures
1942 Roger Staubach (Ohio-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures 1963 Heisman Trophy Winner Football Hall of Fame
1947 Darrel Waltrip (Kentucky-born Race Car Driver) Kentucky Sports Figures Auto Racing NASCAR History Channel
1968 Roberto Alomar (Puerto Rican Professional Baseball Player) Puerto Rican Sports Figures Baseball Latin American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1721 James, Earl Stanhope (English Statesman) English Political and Social Leaders Chamber's Book of Days
1807 Pasquale Paoli (Corsican Patriot, General) French Military Figures Chamber's Book of Days
1881 Thomas Carlyle (Scottish Author) Thomas Carlyle Authors
1955 Martin Lalor Crimmins (New York City-born Herpetologist, Pioneer in Treatment of Poisonous Snakebites) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research Snakes Texas State Historical Association
1969 Thelma Ritter (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film Television Internet Movie Database
1972 Marianne Moore (Missouri-born Poet) Marianne Moore Poetry
1982 Neil Aggett (South African Labor Leader Found Hanged while in Police Custody) South Africa Labor South African History
1987 Margaret Laurence (Canadian Author) Canadian Authors Authors Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1997 Pamela Harriman (English-American U.S. Ambassador) English Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government
2005 Gnassingbe Eyadema (President of Togo) Togo BBC
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1631 Roger Williams Arrives in Boston to Preach Religious Freedom Roger Williams Religion Library of Congress History Channel
1663 First Recorded Destructive Earthquake in North America Is Centered Between Present Sites of Montreal and Quebec Canada Earthquakes Historic Firsts USGS
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1727 Jonathan Edwards Is Ordained in Northampton, Massachusetts Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Religion Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1736 English Clergymen John & Charles Wesley Arrive in Savannah, Georgia with 254 Colonists English Political and Social Leaders Savannah, Georgia Colonial Georgia Religion United Methodist Church University of Georgia
1777 Georgia Adopts New State Constitution as First U.S. State Abolishing Inheritance Practices of Primogeniture and Entail Georgia Government Laws and Legal Resources Economics History Channel University of Georgia
Wilkes County Is Organized as Georgia's First County Along with Seven Other Counties Washington-Wilkes County, Georgia Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1783 Earthquake Kills 50,000 in Calabria Earthquakes Italy Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date University of Vienna
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: I am still sick. A french man's wife came to visit . Samuel Hanley sent some butter and milk. The river is rising and covered with small ice. Ct. Lewis sent out Shields to get walnut bark for pills. Fowl pass.
Missouri Illinois Health Care Foods and Nutrition Camp DuBois
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Late this evening one of the hunters fired his gun over the swamp of the Netul opposite to the fort and hooped. I sent sergt. Gass and a party of men over; the tide being in, they took advantage of a little creek which makes up in that direction nearly to the highlands, and in their way fortunately recovered our Indian Canoe, so long lost and much lamented.

The Hunter proved to be Reubin Fields, who reported that he had killed six Elk on the East side of the Netul a little above us; and that yesterday he had heard Shannon and Labuishe fire six or seven shots after he had seperated from them and supposed that they had also killed several other Elk.

Filds brought with him a phesant which differed but little from those common to the Atlantic states; it's brown is reather brighter and more of a redish tint. it has eighteen feathers in the tale of about six inches in length. this bird is also booted as low as the toes. the two tufts of long black feathers on each side of the neck most conspicuous in the male of those of the Atlantic states is also observable in every particular with this.—

Ordway: a beautifl. pleasant morning. about noon one of our hunters came in. had killed Six Elk. a party who went across the river found our Sciff or Small canoe which was drove up on a marsh up a creek &C

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1817 The First Gas Company in United States Forms in Maryland Maryland Businesses & Corporations Energy
1826 Millard Fillmore Marries Abigail Powers Millard Fillmore History Channel
1836 Charles Darwin's HMS Beagle Reaches Tasmania Charles Darwin Tasmania The Complete Works of Darwin
1838 Detroit's Brady Guards Are Mustered into Service for the Patriot War in Canada Canada Detroit Military Figures War State of Michigan
1840 The Republic of Texas Passes Legislation Regulating Free African Americans Republic of Texas Law & Legal Resources African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1844 The Republic of Texas Establishes a Commission to Plan a Central National Road Republic of Texas Texas State Historical Association
1846 "Oregon Spectator" Is the First Newspaper on U.S. West Coast Oregon Journalism Historic Firsts On This Day in Oregon
1849 The University of Wisconsin Opens with 20 Students Led by Professor John W. Sterling Wisconsin Education Education Historic Firsts University of Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1850 Patent Is Issued for First Calculator with Depressible Keys Patents & Trademarks Inventions History of Technology Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1851 Davenport, Iowa Is Incorporated Davenport, Iowa Iowa State Historical Society
Mount Saint Mary Academy Is Founded in Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Education Women Mount Saint Mary Academy Arkansas History Commission
1861 President Lincoln Discusses Government Policy for Several Houses with Journalist Horace Greeley Horace Greeley U.S. Government Abraham Lincoln Jounralism Lincoln Logs
Florida Senate Approves Bill to Incorporate the Town of Monticello in Jefferson County Monticello, Florida Florida Historical Society
1862 USS Keystone State Captures the British Blockade Runner, Mars, Off the Florida Coast at Fernandina Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1864 USS DeSoto Captures Confederate Blockade Runner Cumberland Transporting Munitions Off the Florida Gulf Coast Florida American Civil War Naval Military History Florida Historical Society
1865 Three-day Battle of Dabney's Mill, VA Begins Virginia Battle of Dabney's Mill History Channel
Lincoln's Cabinet Disapproves of His Proposal to Pay Confederate States to Cease Their Resistance U.S. Government Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Economics Lincoln Logs
1870 In Philadelphia, Henry Heyl Demonstrates a Device for Rapidly Projecting Still Images Giving the Illusion of Motion Pennsylvania Film Historic Firsts Australian Centre for the Moving Image
1878 The First Train Reaches Newcastle, Washington on the Seattle & Walla Walla Railroad Newcastle, Washington Railroads Historic Firsts HistoryLink
1881 Phoenix, Arizona Is Incorporated Phoenix, Arizona New York Times
1883 Southern Pacific Railroad Completes New Orleans to California "Sunset Route" New Orleans California Railroads Westward Expansion History Channel
1885 The Congo State is Established as the Personal Possession of Belgium's King Leopold II Demobratic Republic of the Congo Belgian Political and Social Leaders South African History
1887 Giuseppe Verdi's "Otello" Premieres at La Scala in Italy Giuseppe Verdi Composers Opera New York Times
Zululand Is Declared a British Protectorate South Africa Great Britain South African History
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1916 Enrico Caruso Records "O Sole Mio" for Victor Record Company Music Sound Phonograph Nimbus Records
1917 Over the Veto of President Wilson, Congress Passes Act to Restrict the Immigration of Eastern Europeans and Asians to the U.S. U.S. Congress President Wilson Immigrations Asian-American Heritage History Channel
Mexican President Venustiano Carranza Proclaims the Modern Mexican Constitution Mexico History Channel
West Virginia House of Delegates Passes Joint Resolution Endorsing President Wilson's Decision to Break Diplomatic Relations with Germany Germany West Virginia President Wilson World War I West Virginia State Archives
1918 German Torpedoes Sink U.S Steamship Tuscania Off the Coast of Ireland: 200 Die Ireland Germany World War I Naval Military History Death History Channel
1919 Chaplin, Pickford, Fairbanks and Griffith Launch United Artists Charlie Chaplin Mary Pickford Douglas Fairbanks D.W. Griffith Filmmakers History Channel
1920 4,000-seat Loew's State Movie Theater Opens in Chicago Chicago Film History Channel
1921 The Cleveland Clinic Is Founded Cleveland, Ohio Health Care Cleveland Clinic Ohio Historical Society
1922 The First Issue of Reader's Digest Is Published Journalism REader's Digest Media Owners
1924 BBC "Pips" First Used to Signal the Hour Great Britain Radio Historic Firsts Greenwich Guide
In Northern Minnesota, 51 Iron-Ore Miners Die When a Nearby Lake Empties into Their Mine Minnesota Labor Iron Flooding Death Minnesota
The Decommissioned USS Delaware Battleship Is Sold for Scrap Naval Military History Businessr State of Delaware
1926 North Miami, Florida Is Incorporated As Miami Shores North Miami, Florida Florida Historical Society
1936 Riot Squad Required at Charlie Chaplin's Modern Times Premiere Charlie Chaplin Film History Channel
1937 Franklin Roosevelt Proposes Enlarging U.S. Supreme Court Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency Supreme Court History Channel New York Times
1940 The Glenn Miller Orchestra Records "Tuxedo Junction" Glenn Miller Popular Music Glenn Miller Orchestra
1945 General Douglas MacArthur Leads U.S. Troops into Manila Republic of the Philippines Douglas MacArthur World War II
John Dos Passos Enters Manila with the U.S. Sixth Army as a War Correspondent for Life Magazine Republic of the Philippines John Dos Passos American Authors Journalism World War II American Collection
Georgia Abolishes the Poll Tax Georgia Government Laws and Legal Resources Voting Rights Taxes University of Georgia
1948 Dick Button Wins Olympic Gold in Men's Figure Skating at St. Moritz, Switzerland St. Moritz, Switzerland New Jersey Sports Figures 1948 Winter Olympics Figure Skating Hall of Fame New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 First "Walk/Don't Walk" Signal Installed in New York City New York City Safety Historic Firsts History Channel
1953 Dwight Eisenhower Holds First Presidential Prayer Breakfast Dwight Eisenhower Religion Historic Firsts Eisenhower Memorial Commission
Candy and Chocolate Rationing Ends in Great Britain Great Britain Chocolate World War II BBC
Walt Disney's Peter Pan Opens in New York City New York City Walt Disney Film Cartoons Internet Movie Database
1956 Delegates to the Constitutional Convention at Fairbanks Adopt a Constitution for Alaska Alaskan Government Alaska Constitution Alaska Historical Society
Percival Prattis Is the First African American Admitted to the National Press Club Journalism African-American History Historic First National Press Club PBS
1958 Clifton Wharton Is First African-American Chief of a Diplomatic Mission in Europe (Romania) U.S. Government Romania African-American History Historic First U.S. Department of State
Parking Meters First Appear on the Streets of London's Exclusive Mayfair District London, England Automotives Economics Historic First Historic UK
1960 South Vietnam Asks U.S. to Double Its Support Vietnam War History Channel
1966 6.25 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Extensive Property Damage, Kills One in Greece Greece Earthquakes Death USGS
1967 "The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour" Premieres on CBS Television Internet Movie Database
1970 U.S. Conducts 25 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Widespread Damage and Three Deaths in the Philippines Philippines Earthquakes Death USGS
1971 Apollo 14 Lands on the Moon, Shepard & Mitchell Walk on Moon Alan Shepard NASA Lunar Exploration Smithsonian Institution
1974 English Trawler Sinks off the Coast of Iceland - 17 Die England Iceland Naval History Death BBC
1982 South African Labor Leader, Neil Aggett, Is Found Hanged while in Police Custody South Africa Labor Death South African History
Britain's Laker Airways Collapses Owing £270 Million to Banks and Creditors England Avaition History Business BBC
1987 Soyuz TM-2 Is Launched for 174-day MIR Mission Soviet Space Program Astronautix
1988 Panamánian Leader Manuel Noriega Is Indicted on Drug Charges Panamá Illegal Drugs Crime PBS History Channel
Arizona's House of Representatives Impeaches Governor Evan Mecham Arizona Government New York Times
1989 Last Soviet Troops Withdraw from Kabul, Afghanistan Afghanistan Soviet Cold War History Channel
1990 Barack Obama Is First African-American Elected President of the "Harvard Law Review" Education Law and Legal Resources African-American History Historic First Harvard Law Review New York Times
1993 President Clinton Signs Family and Medical Leave Act into Legislation Congress Bill Clinton Law Labor U.S. Department of Labor
1994 Mortar Explodes in Sarajevo's Main Market Killing 68, Wounding 200 Sarajevo Yugoslavia Terrorism Death BBC
Racist Byron de la Beckwith Sentenced to Life for 1963 Murder of Medgar Evers Mississippi Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage History Channel Court TV
1996 Tomato Puree Is First Genetically Modified Food to Go on Sale in British Supermarkets Great Britain Genetically Modified Food Genetics Historic Firsts BBC
1997 Three Major Swiss Banks Establish Humanitarian Fund of 100M Swiss Francs to Benefit Holocaust Victims Switzerland Economics The Holocaust PBS
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2002 John Grisham Publishes The Summons John Grisham American Authors Mississippi Writers Page
2008 Over Two Days, Dozens of Tornadoes Kill 55 People in 4 States Alabama Arkansas Kentucky Tennessee Tornadoes Death CNN NPR
2011 U.S. and Russia Sign a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty Russia U.S. Government Arms Control NPR