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New Zealand
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What fund was created in 1867 to support the education of African Americans in the South? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. How many free African Americans sailed out of New York Harbor on this date in 1820 bound for West Africa? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the International Tennis Hall of Fame, what feat did Arthur Ashe accomplish in 1968? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a poet born on this date:

1. What opinion did Georgia's governor express about Brown v. the Board of Education on this date in 1956? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, why did Ella Baker clash with Dr. King? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, how important were Bob Marley's contributions to 20th century music? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to African American Registry, Anne Spencer first learned of the power of language by reading what?

2. According to the Johnson Space Center, from which university did Charles Bolden receive a bachelor of science degree in electrical science?

3. According to CMG, what university did Arthur Ashe attend on a college scholarship?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a poem by Anne Spencer (according to the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. ):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Anne Spencer
Anne Spencer


Charles Bolden
Charles Bolden


Bob Marley
Bob Marley

Popular Singer

Ella Josephine Baker
Ella Josephine Baker

Civil Rights Leader

Arthur Ashe
Arthur Ashe

International Tennis Hall of Fame

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Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Jamaica: Bob Marley Day
(Celebration of the birthday of singer Bob Marley: 02/06/1945)
Bob Marley Music BBC
New Zealand: Waitangi Day, New Zealand Day
(Celebration of the anniversary of the Treaty of Waitangi: 02/06/1840)
New Zealand U.S. Department of State Governor General of New Zealand
United States: Massachusetts Ratification Day
(Anniversary of the ratification of the U.S. Constitution by Massachusetts: 02/06/1788)
Massachusetts U.S. Constitution
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1923 Jerome Wexler (New York City-born Photographer, Children's Science Writer) New York City Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Photography Science
1928 Weyman B. Jones (Ohio-born Children's Author of Native-American History) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Native-American Studies
1953 Betsy Duffey (South Carolina-born Children's Author) Betsy Duffey Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
Authors and Poets
1564 Christopher Marlowe (English Playwright) Christopher Marlowe Plays
1882 Anne Spencer (Virginia-born African-American Poet) Anne Spencer Poetry Famous African Amercians
1894 Eric Partridge (New Zealand Lexicographer; Author of Dictionaries of Slang) New Zealand Authors & Illustrators Dictionaries Writer's Almanac
1898 Melvin B. Tolson (Missouri-born African-American Writer, Educator, Politician, Harlem Renaissance Poet) Missouri Authors and Illustrators Liberia Poetry Famous African Amercians African American Registry
1925 Pramoedya Anata Toer (Indonesian Writer, Human Rights Advocate) Indonesia Human Rights Advocate
1929 Keith Waterhouse (English Writer, Novelist) English Authors
1940 Tom Brokaw (South Dakota-born Broadcast Journalist, Historical Author) South Dakota Authors & Illustrators Journalism Television IMDB
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1941 Stephen Albert (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1802 Charles Wheatstone (English Pioneer in Electricity; Namesake of the Wheatstone Bridge) English Scientists & Inventors Electricity Inventors & Inventions Physics
1892 William Parry Murphy (Wisconsin-born 1934 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine) Wisconsin Scientists & Inventors Anemia 1934 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine Aetna Wisconsin Historical Society
1913 Mary (Douglas Nicol) Leakey (English Anthropologist) Mary Leakey Anthroplogy/Archaeology
Military Leaders
1832 John B. Gordon (Georgia-born U.S. Senator, Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War U.S. Senate University of Georgia
1833 Jeb Stuart (Virginia-born Confederate General) Jeb Stuart American Civil War
Political and Social Leaders
1665 Anne Stuart (Queen of England) English History English Monarchy
1756 Aaron Burr (New Jersey-born Lawyer, Politician, Vice-President of the United States under Thomas Jefferson) Aaron Burr Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson
1887 Florence Luscomb (Massachusetts-born Women's Rights Advocate) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Women Women's Suffrage Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Ernest Gruening (New York City-born Territorial Governor of Alaska; One of Alaska's First Two U.S. Senators) New York City Political and Social Leaders Alaska Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Alaska Historical Society
1897 Millard Fillmore Caldwell (Tennessee-born 29th Governor of Florida: 1945-1949) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1911 Ronald Reagan (Illinois-born 40th President of the United States) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Ronald Reagan The American Presidency
Louis Nizer (English-American Attorney) English Political and Social Leaders Law & Legal Resources
1933 Walter Fauntroy (First Congressional Representative from Washington, D.C.) Washington, D.C. U.S. Congress Famous African Americans
The Notorious
1912 Eva Braun (German Mistress of Adolph Hitler) Notorious Germans Adolph Hitler Nazi Germany
Performing Artists
1901 Ben Lyon (Georgia-born Actor) Georgia Performing Artists American Performing Artists Film IMDB
1917 Zsa Zsa Gabor (Hungarian-American Actress) Hungarian Performing Artists Actors IMDB
1931 Mamie Van Doren (South Dakota-born Actress) South Dakota Actors Film IMDB
Rip Torn (Texas-born Actor) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film IMDB
1932 François Truffaut (French Film Critic, Director) Paris Performing Artists Filmmakers IMDB
1939 Mike Farrell (Minnesota-born Actor; B.J. Honeycutt in M*A*S*H) Minnesota Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television IMDB
1945 Bob Marley (Jamaican Popular Musician) Bob Marley Popular Musicians
1946 Kate McGarrigle (Canadian Folk Musician) Kate McGarrigle Folk Musicians
1950 Natalie Cole (Los Angeles-born African-American Popular Singer) Los Angeles Performing Artists Popular Musicians Famous African-Americans IMDB
1962 Axl Rose (Indiana-born Popular Musician: Gun 'N Roses) Indiana Performing Artists Popular Musicians IMDB
Sports Figures
1895 Babe Ruth (Maryland-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Babe Ruth Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1515 Aldus Manutius (Italian Publishing Innovator; Namesake of Aldus PageMaker) Italy Literature Technology and Society
1685 Charles II, King of England British Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Greenwich Guide
1804 Joseph Priestley (English Chemist Who Discovered Oxygen) Joseph Priestley Chemistry Oxygen
1952 George VI, King of England British Political and Social Leaders George VI
1976 Berta Hader (Mexican-American Children's Author, Illustrated Awarded the 1949 Caldecott Medal for The Big Snow) Berta Hader Artists Primary Children's Authors Latin-American Studies 1949 Caldecott Medal for The Big Snow
1989 Barbara W. Tuchman (New York City-born Writer/Historian) New York City Authors & Illustrators Adult Non-fiction History
1991 Danny Thomas (Michigan-born Comedic Actor) Michigan Performing Artists American Performing Artists Television IMDB
1993 Arthur Ashe (Virginia-born African-American Member of the Tennis Hall of Fame) Arthur Ashe International Tennis Hall of FameFamous African-Americans
2005 Elbert N. Carvel (Governor of Delaware) Delaware Political and Social Leaders
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1564 Unable to Walk, John Calvin Is Carried to Church in a Chair and Preaches His Last Sermon John Calvin Theologians Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1736 English Clergymen John & Charles Wesley Disembark on The Peeper (Now Georgia's Cockspur Island) English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Religion National Park Service United Methodist Church
1745 Georgia's Trustees Vote to Separate Civilian and Military Authority in the Colony of Georgia Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1778 France Is the First Country to Sign a Treaty of Alliance with the United States France Historic Documents Historic Firsts Library of Congress History Channel
Georgia's House of Assembly Is Convened in Savannah Savannah, Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1780 Earthquake Shakes Northwest Florida Florida Earthquakes USGS
1788 Massachusetts Is the 6th State to Ratify the Constitution Massachusetts U.S. Constitution New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Sent Sergts. Gass and Ordway this morning with R. Fields and a party of men to bring in the Elk which Field had killed.

Late in the evening Sergt. Pryor returned with the flesh of about 2 Elk and 4 skins the Indians having purloined the ballance of seven Elk which Drewyer killed the other day.

I find that there are 2 vilages of Indians living on the N. side of the Columbia near the Marshy Islands who call themselves Wâck-ki-á-cum. these I have hertofore Considered as Cath-lâh-mâhs. they speak the same language and are the same in every other rispect.

Gass: We had a cool fair morning. Ten of us started with a canoe to bring in the meat of the elk, killed yesterday; and had to encamp out all night, but, with the assistance of the elk skins and our blankets, we lodged pretty comfortable, though the snow as 4 or 5 inches deep.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 Virginia's General Assembly Approves a Pension for Revolutionary War Veteran Anna Maria Lane Virginia Military Figures American Revolution American Female Military Figures Virginia Historical Society
1819 Stamford Raffles Signs Treaty Establishing British Settlement Rights in Singapore Singapore Great Britain Thinkquest
1820 86 Free African-Americans Set Sail from New York Harbor for Resettlement in West Africa Liberia Sierra Leone New York City America Colonization Society History Channel African American Registry
1840 British & New Zealand Native Maoris Agree to Treaty of Waitangi Great Britain New Zealand Niue Governor General of New Zealand
1852 The Alabama Insane Hospital Is Established by the Legislature Alabama Mental Health Alabama State Archives
1861 Lincoln Accepts Invitation to Visit New Jersey's State Capital on Journey to Washington New Jersey Abraham Lincoln Lincoln's Papers
Lincoln Accepts Invitation to Visit Albany, New York, en Route to Inauguration Albany, New York Abraham Lincoln Lincoln's Papers
Thousands Attend Farewell Reception at the Lincoln Home in Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln's Papers
1862 General U.S. Grant Captures Fort Henry on the Tennessee River Tennessee Ulysses S. Grant Battle of Fort Henry
President Lincoln Approves Withholding Pensions of Southern Sympathizers Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Economics Lincoln's Papers
Redwood County, Minnesota Is Created Redwood County, Minnesota State of Minnesota
1863 Lincoln Congratulates President Bartolomé Mitre of the Argentine Republic on His Election Argentina Political and Social Leaders Abraham Lincoln Lincoln's Papers
1865 Robert E. Lee Is Appointed General-in-Chief of the Confederate Armies Virginia Military Leaders Robert E. Lee American Civil War University of Georgia
1867 Peabody Fund Is Established to Further Education of African Americans in the South Education Philanthropy African-American History African American Registry
1879 The First Issue of the Texan, the First Czech Newspaper in Texas, Is Published Czech Republic Texas Journalism Immigration World Languages Texas State Historical Association
1891 In California's Southern San Joaquin Valley, the Dalton Gang's First Train Robbery Is Unsuccessful California Railroads Crime Notorious Americans History Channel
1899 U.S. Congress Ratifies Treaty of Paris Ending the Spanish-American Spanish-American War PBS
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Socialist Party Leader, Eugene V. Debs, Lectures to 55,000 at the Tampa, Florida Court House Plaza Tampa, Florida Eugene V. Debs Labor Leaders Florida Historical Society
1915 22 Miners Die in a Carlisle, West Virginia Mine Explosion Carlisle, West Virginia Labor Death West Virginia Archive
1916 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered South of Alaska's Rat Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1917 Sunmaid Raisins Trademark Is Registered Trademarks and Copyright Sunmaid Raisins USPTO
1918 British Women Over 30 Gain Right to Vote British History Voting Women's Suffrage BBC
1919 Massive 5-day City-wide Labor Strike Paralyzes Seattle, Washington Washington Labor Job Actions History Channel History Link
1921 Yankees Announce the Purchase 10 Acres in the Bronx for Construction of Yankee Stadium New York City Baseball Yankee Stadium
1922 Italian Cardinal Achille Ratti Is Elected the 258th Pontiff (Pope Pius XI) of the Roman Catholic Church Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholics Popes Religion Concordia
1929 Iowa's First Donut-making Machine Is Introduced by Trausch Bakery in Dubuque Dubuque, Iowa Foods and Nutrition Historic Firsts State Historical Society of Iowa
1933 Michigan Ratifies the 20th Amendment Setting January 20th as the Ending Date for Presidential Terms and Establishing a Line of Succession for the Presidency Michigan 20th Amendment The American Presidency State of Michigan
1937 John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men Is Published John Steinbeck Of Mice and Men 1962 Nobel Laureate for Literature American Collection
1941 British and Australian Forces Enter Benghazi, Libya Libya Great Britain Australia World War II Australian Department of Defense
1942 Harper's Magazine Accepts Eudora Welty's Story "The Wide Net" for Publication Eudora Welty American Authors Journalism American Collection
1947 Frank Capra Copyrights It's a Wonderful Life Frank Capra Trademarks and Copyright Filmmakers Internet Movie Database USPTO
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Los Agneles TV Station KTLA Provides First Broadcast of an Atomic Explosion From the Nevada Desert Nevada Los Angeles Nuclear Weapons Television Historic Firsts NYC Books
1956 Georgia's Governor Urges That Brown v. Board of Education Be Declared Null and Void in Georgia Georgia Education African-American Heritage Brown v. Board of Education University of Georgia
Edwin O'Connor's The Last Hurrah Is Published in Boston Rhode Island Authors & Illustrators American Authors Politics American Collection
1958 Jack Kilby Files for a Patent of the Integrated Circuit Jack Kilby Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks History of Technology Computer History Museum
Munich Air Crash Kills Seven Members of the Manchester United Football Team British Sports Figures Germany Soccer Air Disasters Death BBC
1959 First Successful Test Launch of U.S. Titan ICBM Missile: Cape Canaveral, Florida Florida Space Cold War Historic Firsts New York Times
1961 Four African-American Students Are Jailed for Rock Hill, South Carolina Sit-in South Carolina U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American History Civil Rights Movement Veterans
1963 The Delaware River and Bay Authority Is Formed to Create a Ferry Line Between Cape May, New Jersey and Lewes, Delaware Lewes, Delaware Cape May, New Jersey Rivers Boats Business The Delaware River and Bay Authority State of Delaware
1964 British and French Governments Announce Plans to Build a Tunnel under the English Channel Great Britain France Chunnel Railroad BBC
7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Chirikof Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1966 Lyndon Johnson & South Vietnam Premier Meet in Honolulu Hawaii Vietnam War Lyndon Johnson History Channel
1967 The Duluth Accordionaires, a Group of 24 Accordion Players, Give a Concert in Their Hometown Duluth, Minnesota Folk and Ethnic Musicians State of Minnesota
Civil Rights Advocate Stokely Carmichael Speaks at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater Wisconsin Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders Univeristy of Wisconsin-Whitewater Wisconsin Historical Society
1968 Former President Dwight Eisenhower Sinks a Hole-in-One Dwight Eisenhower Golf Eisenhower Library (pdf)
1971 Astronaut Alan Shepard Hits Three Golf Balls on the Moon Alan Shepard Astronauts Lunar Exploration Golf Technology and Society BBC
4.6 Magnitude Earthquake Leaves 20 Dead Near Tuscania, Italy Italy Earthquakes Notable Persons Who Have Died on This Date USGS
1975 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test at Nevada Site Nevada Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
NASA Launches SMS-2 Weather Satellite for Western U.S. Coverage Space Exploration Weather NASA
1979 South Africa's Prime Minister, P. W. Botha, Offers to Resign P. W. Botha South African History
1983 Nazi "Butcher of Lyon", Klaus Barbie, Returns to France for War Crimes Trial France Klaus Barbie World War II War Crimes Law & Legal Resources BBC
1984 Last Episode of Little House on the Prairie Airs Laura Ingalls Wilder Television The Internet Movie Database TV Tome
1985 The Reagan Doctrine Is Announced in State of the Union Speech Ronald Reagan American Presidency History Channel
1988 USSR Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Eastern Kazakhstan Soviet Union Kazakhstan Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1996 Minnesota Governor Arne Carlson Closes All State Schools Due to Extreme Cold Temperatures and Wind Chills Minnesota Government Education Temperature Wind State of Minnesota
1998 Washington International Airport is Renamed for Ronald Reagan Washington, D.C. Ronald Reagan Aviation History. Official Website New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2001 Ariel Sharon Is Elected Israeli Prime Minister in a Landslide over Ehud Barak Israeli Political and Social Leaders Elections CNN
2008 Over Two Days, Dozens of Tornadoes Kill 55 People in 4 States Alabama Arkansas Kentucky Tennessee Tornadoes Death CNN NPR