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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was the African-American player nominated for the Baseball Hall of Fame on this date in 1971? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was the African-American player selected for the Baseball Hall of Fame on this date in 1976? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the BBC, on this date in 1995, who was the first African American to walk in space? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. For what book did Ralph Ellison receive the National Book Award on this date in 1953? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the National Park Service, why was the Daisy Bates House made a National Historic Landmark? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, how many Super Bowl rings does Art Shell have? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a team for which Satchel Paige played professional baseball (according to the Baseball Hall of Fame):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to African American Literature Book Club, which college did Alice Walker first attend for two years?

2. According to the Chemical Heritage Foundation, what substance did Percy Julian and Carl Djerassi synthesize and produce on a large scale?

3. According to RedHotJazz, what model car did Lovie Austin drive?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Alice Walker (according to PBS):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Alice Walker
Alice Walker
Born on This Date 1944

African-American Authors
Percy L. Julian
Percy L. Julian

 Medical Research

Lovie Austin
Lovie Austin

Jazz Vocalist

Daisy Bates
Daisy Bates

African-American Political & Social Leaders

Art Shell
Art Shell

Football Hall of Fame

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Lebanon: St. Maron's Day
(Observed annually on February 9)
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1908 Hilda Van Stockum (Dutch Children's Author, Illustrator) Dutch Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author American Artists
1927 Dick Gackenbach (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Author American Artists
1945 Stephen Roos (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors and Poets
1868 Lucian Lamar Knight (Georgia-born Historian) Georgia Authors & Illustrators U.S. History University of Georgia
1874 Amy Lowell (Massachusetts-born Poet) Amy Lowell Poetry
1899 George Ade (Indiana-born Humorist) George Ade
1923 Brendan Behan (Irish Playwright, Memoirist) Brendan Behan
1928 Roger Mudd (Washington, D.C.-born Broadcast Journalist) Washington, D.C. Authors and Journalists Journalists Television The Internet Movie Database
1930 Carl Bain (Mississippi-born Educator) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators Educators of Note Mississippi Writers
1940 J.M. Coetzee (South African 2003 Nobel Laureate for Literature) J.M. Coetzee 2003 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1944 Alice Walker (Georgia-born African-American Awarded the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for "The Color Purple") Alice Walker Poetry Notable African Americans 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Color Purple
1949 Robert Hedin (Minnesota-born Poet) Robert Hedin Poetry
Classical Composers
1731 Gasparo Angiolini (Italian Composer) Italian Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1820 Peter M. Gideon (Ohio-born Horticulturist Who Specialized in Developing Hardy Varieties of Apples) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Trees Apples
1883 Garnet Carter (Tennessee-born Inventor of Miniature Golf) Tennessee Business Leaders Inventors & Inventions Golf
1910 Jacques Monod (French 1965 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology) Jacques Monod Medical Research The Cell 1965 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and Physiology
Political and Social Leaders
1773 William Henry Harrison (Virginia-born 9th President of the United States of America) Virginia Political and Social Leaders William Henry Harrison The American Presidency
1752 George Handley (English-born Governor of Georgia) English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
1814 Sam Tilden (Governor of New York, 1876 Democratic Presidential Candidate) New York Political & Social Leaders Politics
1902 Juanita Shanks Craft (Texas-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Texas Political & Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders NAACP Texas State Historical Association
1909 Dean Rusk (Georgia-born Statesman, U.S. Secretary of State) Georgia Political & Social Leaders U.S. Government President John F. Kennedy Lyndon Johnson
1957 Mohammed Valli Moosa (South African Environmental and Human Rights Activist) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid Earth and Environment South African History
Performing Artists
1891 Ronald Colman (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1914 Gypsy Rose Lee (Washington-born Vaudeville Performer) Washington Performing Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
Carmen Miranda (Portuguese-American Actress) Portugal Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1942 Carole King (New York City-born Popular Singer, Songwriter) New York City Peforming Artists Popular Musicians Composer/Songwriters
1943 Barbara Lewis (Michigan-born African-American Popular Singer) Michigan Performing Artists Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists African American Registry
Joe Pesci (New Jersey-born Actor) New Jersey Peforming Artists Actors Film
1945 Mia Farrow (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Peforming Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1963 Whitney Houston (New Jersey-born Grammy Award-Winning African-American Popular Singer) Whitney Houston Popular Musicians African American Performing Artists
Travis Tritt (Georgia-born Country Musician) Georgia Peforming Artists Country & Western Musicians The Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1914 Bill Veeck (Chicago-born Baseball Owner, Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Bill Veeck Business & Economics Baseball Hall of Fame
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1811 Nevil Maskelyne (England's Astronomer Royal for 46 Years) English Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Technology & Society Greenwich Guide
1819 John Milledge (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
1865 James Melville Gilliss (Washington, D.C.-born Founder of the U.S. Naval Observatory) Washington, D.C. Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy U.S. Naval Observatory Technology & Society
1881 Fyodor Dostoevsky (Russian Novelist, Journalist, Short Story Writer) Fyodor Dostoevsky Authors
1906 Paul Laurence Dunbar (Ohio-born African-American Poet) Paul Laurence Dunbar Poetry Notable African Americans
1939 Herschel Evans (Texas-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist) Texas Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists Texas State Historical Association
1981 Bill Haley (Michigan-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Bill Haley Popular Musicians Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1984 Yuri Andropov (Russian-born President of the Soviet Union: 1982-84) Yuri Andropov Soviet Political & Social Leaders
1995 J. William Fulbright (Missouri Congressman: Founder of the Fulbright Scholarship Fund)) J. William Fulbright U.S. Senate Education
2002 Princess Margaret of England Great Britain Princess Margaret
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1631 Religious Leader Roger Williams (Founder of Rhode Island) Arrives in America Roger Williams Rhode Island Library of Congress
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1720 Edmund Halley Is Appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England Edmund Halley Astronomy Cambridge University
1733 Georgia's First Settlers Begin Building the First Houses in Savannah Savannah, Georgia Colonial, Georgia Housing Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1793 Congress Authorizes the Use of Foreign Coins as Legal Tender in the United States U.S. Congress Currency U.S. Treasury
1796 The Delaware Legislature Dedicates Revenues From Marriage and Tavern Licenses to the Establishment of Public Schools Delaware Education Taxes State of Delaware
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The morning fair and pleasent, wind from S. E.

visted by Mr. McKinzey one the N. W. Company's clerks.

this evening a man by the name of Howard whom I had given permission to go the Mandane vilage returned after the gate was shut and rether than call to the guard to have it opened scaled the works an indian who was looking on shortly after followed his example. I convinced the Indian of the impropryety of his conduct, and explained to him the riske he had run of being severely treated,

the fellow appeared much allarmed, I gave him a small piece of tobacco and sent him away

Howard I had comitted to the care of the guard with a determineation to have him tryed by a Courtmartial for this offence. this man is an old soldier which still hightens this offince Ordway: Some cloudy, the water which run over the Ice in the River has froze Smoth. the Squaws from the 1st
village are cutting their lodge timber on the opposite Side of the River from the Fort, So as to hale it up to the village on the Ice.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning Collins and Wiser set out on a hunting excurtion; the[y] took our Indian canoe and passed the Netul a little above us. in the evening Drewyer returned; had killed nothing but one beaver. he saw one black bear, which is the only one which has been seen in this neighbourhood since our arrival; the Indians inform us that they
are abundant but are now in their holes.

Gass: We had a fine morning; but in the course of the day we had sometimes sunshine, and sometimes showers of rain. One of our hunters caught a beaver

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1811 Robert Fulton Is Granted a Patent for the Practical Steamboat Robert Fulton Patents and Trademarks Inventors & Inventions Steamboat USPTO
1818 Dallas County, Alabama Is Created Dallas Coumty, Alabama Dallas Coumty, Alabama Alabama Archives
1825 U.S. House of Representatives Elects John Quincy Adams President U.S. House of Representatives John Qunicy Adams The American Presidency The History Channel
1831 Fort Delaware on Pea Patch Island Is Razed by Fire and 150 Troops Must Cross the Ice-Filled Delaware River to Safety Delaware Forts Fire Rivers State of Delaware
1837 Seminole Indians Attack Company K of the 4th U.S. Infantry Near Clear River, Florida, Killing One Officer Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
German Explorer and Writer, Frederick Gerstaecker, Arrives in Little Rock, Arkansas German Authors Little Rock, Arkansas North American Explorers Arkansas History Commission
1848 Lincoln Endorses Zachary Taylor's Candidacy for President Zachary Taylor Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Papers
1849 Constitutional Assembly Abolishes the Temporal Power of the Pope and Proclaims Rome a Republic Rome, Italy Catholicism European History Ohio University
In Wisconsin, the Oshkosh True Democrat Begins Publication as the City's First Newspaper Oshkosh, Wisconsin Journalism Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1853 U.S. Congress Grants Arkansas Lands for Railroads from Cairo to Texas with Branches to Fort Smith and the Mississippi River Arkansas U.S. Congress Railroad Arkansas History Commission
1854 Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Creating Coffee County as Georgia's 108th County Coffee County, Georgia Coffee County, Georgia University of Georgia
1857 Lincoln Explains Why His Newspaper Delivery Has Been Canceled Abraham Lincoln Journalism Lincoln Papers
1861 Congress of the Confederacy Elects Jefferson Davis President Jefferson Davis American Civil War New York Times
The Steamer Everglade Delivers 1,500 Muskets to Fernandina, Florida from the Charleston Arsenal Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Tennessee Votes Against Secession Tennessee American Civil War University of Georgia
Abraham Lincoln Receives a Gift of Suit of Clothes to be Worn at His Inauguration Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Papers
1863 Pensacola and Georgia Railroad Opens a Florida Line Between Quincy and Tallahassee Florida Railroad Florida Historical Society
1864 109 Union Officers Escape from Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia, Crawling through a 53' Tunnel Richmond, Virginia American Civil War Smithsonian Institution State of Michigan
Troops from Union's 97th Pennsylvania Capture Small Confederate Force in Florida Swamp Near Fernandina Fernandina, Florida American Civil War Fernandina, Florida Florida Historical Society
Union Troops Occupy Baldwin, Florida, Capturing Cotton, Artillery, Railroad Cars and Food Baldwin, Florida American Civil War Baldwin, Florida Florida Historical Society
Confederate Soldiers Flee Union Troops Advancing 30 Miles West of Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville, Florida American Civil War Jacksonville, Florida Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Sits for a Matthew Brady Photograph That Will Used for the $5 Bill Matthew Brady Abraham Lincoln Photography Currency Lincoln Papers
Union General George Armstrong Custer Marries Elizabeth Bacon in Monroe, MI George Custer Michigan History Channel
1870 President Grant Signs Legislation Creating a U.S. Weather Bureau U.S. Congress Ulysses S. Grant Weather & Meteorology National Weather Service New York Times Wisconsin Historical Society
1875 First Train Passes through the Hoosac Tunnel Connecting New York and Massachusetts New York Massachusetts Railroad Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1880 The First Train Arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico Railroad Historic Firsts New Mexico Magazine
1895 William G. Morgan Invents the Game of Volleyball at the Holyoke, Massachusetts YMCA Holyoke Massachusetts Volleyball Holyoke YMCA Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
University of Minnesota's School of Agriculture Defeats Hamline University 9 to 3 in the First Intercollegiate Basketball Game Minnesota Basketball Historic Firsts University of Minnesota's School of Agriculture Hamline University Minnesota Historical Society
1899 Leech Lake, Minnesota Records a Temperature of -59 F Minnesota Temperature Minnesota Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 The Davis Cup for Tennis Is First Put Up for Competition Tennis Historic Firsts Official Website The History Channel
1901 Tennessee and Virginia Settle Longstanding Boundary Dispute Tennessee Virginia Law and Legal Resources Virginia Historical Society
1903 Houston County Is the Last County to be Created in Alabama Houston Coumty, Alabama Houston Coumty, Alabama Alabama Archives
1909 The Indianapolis Motor Speedway Is Incorporated Indianapolis, Indiana Auto Racing Indianapolis Motor Speedway History Channel
1915 Orlando, Florida Inaugurates Its Subtropical Mid-Winter Fair with Parade of Floats Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida Florida Historical Society
1918 Ukraine Signs Peace Treaty with Central Powers Ukraine World War I The History Channel
1922 Congress Establishes the World War Foreign Debt Commission U.S. Congress World War I Economics History Channel
1923 Dobrolet, the Soviet State Airline, Is Formed (Renamed Aeroflot in 1932) Soviet Union Aviation History Transporteon
1926 Atlanta Board of Education Votes to Prohibit Teaching Evolution in City Public Schools Atlanta, Georgia Education Evolution Atlanta Board of Education University of Georgia
1929 Russia, Poland, Romania, Estonia, Latvia Sign Litvinov Protocol Renouncing War Russia Poland Romania Estonia Latvia Historic World Documents War Indiana University
1931 The Novel Sanctuary, by William Faulkner, Is Published William Faulkner American Authors Mississippi Writers
1934 Romania, Greece, Yugoslavia and Turkey Sign Balkan Peace Pact Romania Greece Yugoslavia Turkey Historic World Documents War Indiana University
1941 Book of the Month Club Selects Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls Outstanding Book of 1940 Ernest Hemingway American Authors American Collection
1942 The First Meeting of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Is Held World War II Historic Firsts National Archives & Records Administration New York Times
U.S. Clocks First Go Forward One Hour for Daylight-savings ''War Time'' World War II Time Historic Firsts History Channel
Fire Destroys French Cruise Liner Normandie While Being Converted for War World War II Naval History The History Channel
First Congressional Medal of Honor of World War II Awarded Posthumously to Sandy Nittinger of Fort Lauderdale, FL Florida Military Figures American Military Figures World War II Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1943 The Japanese Abandon Guadalcanal Japan Battle of Guadalcanal New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 In Wheeling, West Virginia, Sen. Joseph McCarthy, Charges State Department Is Riddled with Communists Joe McCarthy U.S. State Department McCarthyism The History Channel BBC West Virginia Archives Wisconsin Historical Society
Element #98, Californium (Cf), Discovered by Research Team at UC Berkeley Californium Glenn T. Seaborg University of Californium
1953 Ralph Ellison Receives the National Book Award for The Invisible Man Ralph Ellison African American Authors Noted African Americans Looksmart
1955 South African Newspaper, The Star, Condemns Forced Removal of Blacks from Central Johannesburg Apartheid Racism Journalism South African History
1963 The First Boeing 727 Trijet Lifts Off from Seattle Seattle, Washington Aviation History Historic Firsts History Link
1964 The Beatles Make Their First Appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show" The Beatles Television Historic Firsts New York Times
1965 U.S. Sends First Combat Troops to South Vietnam Vietnam War History Channel
1967 6.75 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 98 in Colombia Colombia Earthquake Death USGS
Florida Begins a Record 768 Consecutive Days of Sunshine Florida Weather Florida Historical Society
1971 Apollo 14 Returns to Earth After Third Manned Moon Landing Apollo 14 Lunar Exploration New York Times
6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 65 in San Fernando, California San Fernando, California Earthquake Death San Fernando, California USGS
New Negro Leagues Committee Nominates Satchel Paige for Baseball's Hall of Fame Alabama Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Noted African Americans New York Times
1972 USS Constellation Arrives off the Coast of Vietnam Vietnam War Naval History History Channel
British Government Declares a State of Emergency Over Miners' Strike Great Britain Labor BBC
1973 Florida Receives Its First Measurable Snowfall in 15 Years Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1976 Special Negro Leagues Committee Selects Oscar Charleston for Baseball's Hall of Fame Indiana Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame Noted African Americans Baseball Library
1977 Spain Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the Soviet Union Spain Soviet Union Vanderbilt
1978 NASA Launches FLTSATCOM-1 Naval Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology Naval History NASA
1983 1981 English Derby Winner Racehorse Shergar Stolen from Stable in Ireland Ireland Horse Racing Crime BBC
1989 President Bush Submits to Congress $1.16 Trillion Budget with $91.1 B Deficit U.S. Congress President George Bush Business & Economics History Channel
1991 Lithuanians Vote Overwhelmingly for Independence from the Soviet Union Lithuania Soviet Union University of Missouri - St. Louis
Worst Nuclear Accident in Japanese History Occurs at Mihama: No Deaths Japan Nuclear Power Nuclear Files
Four Senior Officers Arrested for Planning a Coup in South Africa's Black Apartheid Enclave of Ciskei Apartheid Racism South African History
1992 Algerian Authorities Declare State of Emergency Following Cancelled Elections Algeria Amnesty International
1995 Two Astronauts Are First African-American and First Briton to Walk in Space Michael Foale Bernard Harris Astronauts African-American History BBC
1999 Senate Begins Closed-door Deliberations in Clinton Impeachment Trial U.S. Senate Clinton Impeachment Law and Legal Resources CNN
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 Boeing Co. Engineers and Technical Workers Begin a 40-day Strike Labor Aviation Business & Economics Boeing History Link
2001 U.S. Navy Submarine Collides with Japanese Fishing Boat Near Hawaii: 9 Die Japan Hawaii Naval History Death CNN