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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. On this date in 1989, who became the first African American to head a major U.S. political party? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What issue was Paul Cuffe protesting on this date in 1780? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Negro League Baseball Players Association, Rube Foster is best known as the man who organized what? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a political or social leader born on this date:

1. On this date in 1987, who increased the pressure on South Africa to reform its policy of apartheid? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Michigan, what position did Alexa Canady hold at the Children's Hospital of Michigan in Detroit beginning in 1993? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Starkville High School, what was Charles Evers' father's creed? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of an opera in which Leontyne Price appeared in the 1950s (according to the Kennedy Center):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to Random House, where would Ralph Waldo Ellison's mother get the books that she would bring home for him to read?

2. According to PBS, in what city did Leontyne Price make her operatic stage debut in September, 1957?

3. According to the History Channel, in which organization did Alex Haley serve as a journalist for two decades?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Ralph Waldo Ellison (according to Authors' Calendar):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Ralph Waldo Ellison
Ralph Waldo Ellison

Alexa Canady
Alexa Canady

Leontyne Price
Leontyne Price
Born on This Date 1927

[University of Pennsylvania]
Charles Evers
Charles Evers

African American Political and  Social Leaders
Andrew Rube Foster
Andrew "Rube" Foster

Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
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Malta: Feast of St. Paul's Shipwreck
(Celebration of the arrival of St. Paul to Malta in 60 A.D.)
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1924 Edward Dolan (California-born Children's Author) California Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors Science Soccer
1930 E. L. Konigsburg (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1932 Franz Brandenburg (Swiss-born Children's Author) Swiss Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors
1934 James Rice (Texas-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Texas Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists
1943 Stephen Gammell (Iowa-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Iowa Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists
1963 Mark Teague (California-born Children's Author, Illustrator) California Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors American Artists
Authors and Poets
1775 Charles Lamb (English Author) Charles Lamb
1890 Boris Pasternak (Russian Author of Dr. Zhivago; 1958 Nobel Laureate for Literature) Boris Pasternak 1958 Nobel Laureate for Literature
1898 Bertolt Brecht (German Poet, Playwright) Bertolt Brecht Poetry Plays
1913 Charles Henri Ford (Mississippi-born Poet) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators Poetry Mississippi Writers
Artists, Architects and Designers
1911 Kapo (Mallica Reynolds: Jamaican Artist)) Jamaican Artists Artists African Americans Registry
Classical Composers and Peformers
1819 Richard S. Willis (Massachusetts-born Composer of "It Came Upon a Midnight Clear") Massachusetts Composers & Songwriters Religion Christmas Concordia
1927 Leontyne Price (Mississippi-born African-American Operatic Singer) Leontyne Price Opera African American Performing Artists
1929 Jerry Goldsmith (California-born Film Score Composer) California Composers American Composers Film
1939 Barbara Kolb (Connecticut-born Composer) Connecticut Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1846 Ira Remsen (New York City-born Chemist, Educator) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry Education
1897 John Enders (Connecticut-born Chemist; 1954 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) Connecticut Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry 1954 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
1902 Per Teodor Cleve (Swedish Chemist) Swedish Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry Holmium Thulium
Walter Brattain (Washington-born co-Inventor of the Transistor; 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Walter Brattain The Transistor History of Technology 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Political and Social Leaders
1854 Joseph Charles Price (North Carolina-born African-American Educator) North Carolina Social Leaders Education Religion Famous African Americans African Americans Registry
1894 Harold Macmillan (Prime Minister of England) Harold Macmillan
1907 Grace Towns Hamilton (Georgia-born Civil Rights Activist) Grace Towns Hamilton U.S. Civil Rights Politics and Elections African American Political and Social Leaders
1961 George Stephanopoulos (Massachusetts-born Political Advisor to President Bill Clinton; Journalist) George Stephanopoulos President Bill Clinton Politics and Elections
Performing Artists
1893 Jimmy Durante (New York City-born Actor, Singer) Jimmy Durante Actors Film Television
1897 Judith Anderson (Australian Actress) Australian Performing Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1901 Stella Adler (New York City-born Actor, Educator) New York City Performing Artists Educators of Note Actors The Internet Movie Database
1904 John Farrow (Australian Filmmaker) Australian Performing Artists Authors & Screenwriters Filmmakers The Internet Movie Database
1906 Lon Chaney Jr. (Oklahoma-born Actor) Oklahoma Performing Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1909 "Chick" Webb (Maryland-born African-American Jazz Drummer) Maryland Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African Americans Registry
1930 Robert Wagner (Detroit-born Actor) Robert Wagner Actors Film Television
1939 Roberta Flack (North Carolina-born African-American Grammy Winning Popular Singer) North Carolina Performing Artists Popular Musicians Famous African Americans Four-time Grammy Award Winner The Internet Movie Database
1941 Michael Apted (English Filmmaker) English Performing Artists Filmmakers The Internet Movie Database
1967 Laura Dern (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Television The Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1894 Herb Pennock (Pennsylvania-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1950 Mark Spitz (California-born Member of the Swimming Hall of Fame) Mark Spitz Swimming Hall of Fame The Olympic Games
1955 Greg Norman (Australian Member of the Golf Hall of Fame) Greg Norman Golf Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1837 Aleksandr Pushkin (Russian Poet) Aleksandr Pushkin Poetry
1901 Wilhelm Konrad von Roentgen (German Physicist Who Discovered X-Rays; 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics") Wilhelm Konrad von Roentgen Physics X-Rays and Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1912 Joseph Lister (English Scientist) Joseph Lister Medical Research
1939 Pope Pius XI (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Ialian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion Concordia
1957 Laura Ingalls Wilder (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Laura Ingalls Wilder Young-adult Authors
1992 Alex Haley (New York-born African-American Author) Alex Haley American Authors Famous African Americans
1993 Otto R. Salassi (Mississippi-born Children's Author) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Mississippi Writers
2005 Arthur Miller (New York City-born Playwright) Arthur Miller Plays
Fritz Scholder (Minnesota-born Native-American Artist) Fritz Scholder American Artists, Architects & Designers Native-American Heritage
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Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1604 King James Authorizes an English Bible Translation English Political and Social Leaders King James The Bible World Languages Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1763 Treaty of Paris Ends French & Indian Wars: France Cedes Canada and the Regions Northwest of the Ohio River to England Great Britain France Canada Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin French & Indian Wars History Channel Indiana Historical Society Minnesota State Historical Society Wisconsin Historical Society
1779 Patriot Militias Attack British Loyalists at Carr's Fort, in Wilkes County, Georgia Wilkes County, Georgia American Revolution Forts History Channel
1780 Massachusetts' African-American, Paul Cuffe, Protests Taxation without the Right to Vote Paul Cuffe U.S. Civil Rights Voting Taxation African-American History University of Houston
1787 Georgia Selects Its Representatives for the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia Georgia Philadelphia Colonial Georgia U.S. Constitution University of Georgia
Georgia's Governor Signs an Act Making It Illegal to Maim or Disfigure Another Person Georgia Crime Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
The Delaware General Assembly Passes a Law Banning Slave Trade in the State Delaware Slavery Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1791 Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, Reports to Congress on Trade with China China U.S. Congress Alexander Hamilton International Trade U.S. Treasury
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805 Governor William C. C. Claiborne Approves Act Establishing a Militia for the Territory of Orleans Louisiana U.S. Military Figures Louisiana Secretary of State
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This Morning was Cloudy after a slight snow which fell in the course of
the night the wind blue very hard from N. W. altho' the thermometer stood at 18° Above naught the violence of the
wind caused a degree of could that was much more unpleasent than that of yesterday when thermometer stood at 10° only above the same point.

Mr. McKinzey left me this morning.

Charbono returned with one of the Frenchmen and informed that he had left the three Horses and two men with the meat which Capt. Clark had sent at some distance below on the river— he told me that the horses were heavy loaded and that not being shod it was impossible for horses to travel on the ice. I determined to send down some men with two small slays for the meat and accordingly I gave orders that they should set out early the next morning. two men were also sent to conduct the horses by way of the plain.

Ordway: high wind from N. W. Squawlly flights of Snow.

an Instance happned last evening a little Singular one of our men returning from the Mandans village 2 or 3 young Indians followed him the Gate being Shut in Stead of calling to the Guard he went round back of the Fort and Scaled over. one of the Indians followed him over. Capt. Lewis ordered the Indian away after Giving him a Scolding at the Same time telling him that he was not So much to blame as the white man Setting the example, & Gave him a piece of tobacco & Started him & confined the man for Setting Such a pernicious example to the Savages. to day at 12 oClock he was tried by a court martial. at Sunset the proceedings of The court martial came out the prisoner was Sentenced 50 lashes & laid to the mercy of the commanding officer who was pleased to
forgive him the punishment awarded by the court.—

towards evening Mr Sharboner a frenchman who had been with the hunting party returned to the Fort and Informed us that he left 3 horses loaded with meat
about 8 mls. down the River. the Ice being Smoth the horses could not Go on Ice with out Shoes. he Informed us
also that the hunting party had killed 13 Elk 33 Deer & 3 buffaloe, one of the hunters killed 2 deer at one Shot,

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes Temperature

Deer Elk Buffalo

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Drewyer visited his traps today but caught no beaver. Collins and Wiser returned had killed no Elk.

Willard arrived late in the evening from the Saltworks, had cut his knee very badly with his tommahawk. he had killed four Elk not far from the Salt works the day before yesterday, which he had butched and took a part of the meat to camp, but having cut his knee was unable to be longer ucefull at the works and had returned.

he informed us that Bratton was very unwell, and that Gibson was so sick that he could not set up or walk alone and had desired him to ask us to have him brought to the Fort.

Coalter also returned this evening. continue the operation of drying our meat.

Gass: A light snow fell last night, and the morning was pleasant. In the afternoon two men came from the salt works, with information that two others were sick and a third had cut his knee so badly he could scarcely walk.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 At the North West Company Post on Minnesota's Leech Lake, Lieutenant Zebulon Pike Orders, the British Union Jack Replaced with the Stars and Stripes Great Britain Minnesota Zebulon Pike Explorers of North America Minnesota State Historical Society
1807 The Ohio Legislature Authorizes the Creation of Ashtabula and Portage Counties Ohio Ohio Historical Society
1831 City of Monticello, Florida Is Incorporated Monticello, Florida Monticello, Florida Florida Historical Society
1834 The "Mule-powered" Tallahassee Railroad Company Is Incorporated with a Total of 22 Miles of Track Florida Railroad Business Florida Historical Society
1835 The First Digest of Arkansas Laws Is Completed Arkansas Law Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1840 Britain's Queen Victoria Marries Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg-Gotha. English History Queen Victoria The New York Times
1846 Mormons Begin Exodus to Utah to Escape Persecution in Illinois Illinois Utah The Mormon Church Westward Expansion History Channel
1852 The Texas Legislature Confirms Ownership of 234 Land Grants in Five South Texas Counties by the Original Spanish and Mexican Grantees Spain Mexico Texas Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
1853 In Wisconsin, the Appleton Crescent Is the First Newspaper in Outagamie County Appleton, Wisconsin Journalism Historic Firsts Appleton Post-Crescent Wisconsin Historical Society
1861 Jefferson Davis Learns He Is Interim President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis The American Civil War History Channel
Abraham Lincoln Spends His Last Day in Springfield, Illinois with Family, Friends and Associates Springfield, Illinois President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
1863 The Lincolns Borrow the Book, "Cunningham Nell Gwynn," from the Library of Congress President Abraham Lincoln Literature Library of Congress Lincoln Papers
The California State Legislature Selects John Conness to Serve as U.S. Senator California Elections U.S. Congress Learn California
1864 5 Union Forces Are Killed and 20 Confederates Are Captured in Skirmish East of Lake City, Florida Lake City, Florida The American Civil War Death Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Loses the Family's Horses and Ponies in a Stable Fire President Abraham Lincoln Horses Fire Safety Death Lincoln Papers
1865 President Lincoln Sends Documents to Congress on the Hampton Roads Conference House of Representatives President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers Lincoln Papers
1870 The Carson City, Nevada Mint Delivers Its First Silver Dollars for Circulation Nevada Currency Historic Firsts U.S. Treasury
1874 African-American Inventor, Lewis Latimer, Receives His First Patent Lewis Latimer Inventors & Inventions Patents and Trademarks Historic Firsts African-American Scientists & Mathematicians Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1877 The American Physiological Society Is Formed in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Medicine American Physiological Society IntelliHealth
1881 Alabama's Legislature Establishes Tuskegee Institute as Normal School for Education of Colored Teachers Alabama Education Racism African-American Heritage Alabama Archives
1891 Congress Passes Act Preventing the Counterfeiting of Coinage Tools U.S. Congress Currency Law and Legal Resources U.S. Treasury
1897 "All the News That's Fit to Print" First Appears on Page 1 The New York Times New York City Journalism New York Times
A Vaccine Is Discovered for the Rinderpest Disease in Cattle Cows Medical Research South African History
1899 Electric Street Lights Illuminate Miami, Florida's Avenue B and 12th Street for the First Time Miami, Florida Electricity Light Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
The Wilson & Sylvester Sawmill at Wrangell Receives Machinery Making It the Largest Sawmill in Alaska Wrangell, Alaska Trees Business Alaska Historical Society
Herbert Hoover Marries Fellow Stanford University Geology Student, Lou Henry Herbert Hoover History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1906 Two Policemen Are Killed by Black South African's Resisting the Collection of Poll Tax South Africa Voting Rights Taxation Death South African History
1916 Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of War Resigns Woodrow Wilson World War I History Channel
1920 Rioters Sack San Francisco's Sun Theater Protesting Film Portrayal of Irish Poor Ireland San Francisco Film
Baseball Bans All Pitches Aided by Foreign Substances Baseball Major League Baseball The New York Times
1926 Ayn Rand Departs France Bound for the United States France Ayn Rand Authors American Collection
1933 First Singing Telegram Introduced by the Postal Telegram Co. in New York New York City Telegraph Music Historic Firsts The New York Times
1934 William Faulkner Publishes "A Bear Hunt" in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers
1942 Japanese Sub Launches Brutal Attack on U.S. Naval Base at Midway Japan Naval History World War II History Channel
Civilian Car Production Ends in Detroit Detroit Automobiles World War II Business State of Michigan
Glenn Miller Receives Recording Industry's First Gold Record Glenn Miller Popular Music Historic Firsts Jazz Connection Magazine
1944 Army Nurse Ellen Ainsworth Is Critically Wounded at the Battle of Anzio as the Only American Woman Killed by Enemy Fire in World War II Italy Wisconsin Military Figures American Female Military Figures World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
1949 Arthur Miller's "Death of A Salesman" Premieres at Broadway's Morosco Theater Arthur Miller Plays Internet Broadway Database
West Virginia's House of Delegates First Considers Bill That Will Replace Hanging with the Electric Chair West Virginia Capital Punishment West Virginia State Archives
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy Claims to Possess Names of 57 U.S. Government Employees Actively Engaged in Communist Activities Joe McCarthy McCarthyism Wisconsin Historical Society
1951 William Faulkner's "Notes on a Horsethief" Is Published William Faulkner American Authors Mississippi Writers
1952 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's Congress Party Wins India's First General Election Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Elections Historic Firsts The BBC
1955 U.S. Navy Evacuates Thousands of People from the Chinese Nationalist Tachen Islands China Taiwan Cold War Naval History The BBC
1961 The Niagara Falls Hydroelectric Project Is Formally Dedicated Niagara Falls Electricity New York Power Authority
1962 American U-2 Pilot, Gary Powers, Is Exchanged for a U.S.-held Soviet Spy Soviet Union Aviation History The U-2 Spy Incident The New York Times History Channel The BBC
Jim Beatty Runs the First Indoor Four-Minute Mile (3:58.9 in Los Angeles) Los Angeles New York City Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame Historic Firsts
1964 U.S. House of Representatives Passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by a Vote of 290-130 U.S. House of Representatives Civil Rights Law and Legal Resources African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1965 Viet Cong Guerrillas Blow Up the U.S. Barracks at Qui Nhon: 23 Americans Die Vietnam War Death History Channel
5.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills At least 20 in Northwestern Iran Iran Earthquakes Death Iran
Duluth, Minnesota Receives 15.4" of Snow Duluth, Minnesota Snow Minnesota State Historical Society
1966 House of Delegates First Considers Bill That Will Create the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Virginia U.S. History Virginia Historical Society
1967 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Is Ratified: Presidential Disability and Succession 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution The American Presidency The New York Times
1968 U.S. Figure Skater, Peggy Fleming, Wins Olympic Gold in Grenoble, France Peggy Fleming Figure Skating Hall of Fame The Olympic Games The New York Times
1971 Four Journalists Die in Vietnam Helicopter Crash Vietnam War Journalism Death History Channel
250 Demonstrators Protest the Vietnam War with a March from the University of Minnesota Campus to the Minneapolis Federal Building Minneapolis, Minnesota Vietnam War University of Minnesota Minnesota State Historical Society
1975 William Julius "Judy" Johnson of the Negro Baseball League Is Elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame Delaware Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures State of Delaware
1976 Patent Is Issued for Combination Smoke and Heat Detector Fire Safety Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks USPTO
1981 Fire At the Las Vegas Hilton Hotel-Casino: 8 die, 198 injured Nevada Fire Safety Death The New York Times
1987 President Reagan Increases Pressure on South African to Reform Its Apartheid Policy South Africa President Reagan Apartheid South African History
1989 Democrat's Ron Brown Is the First African American to Head a Major U.S. Political Party Washington, D.C. Political and Social Leaders Politics African-American History History Channel
1992 NASA Launches Defense Department Voice and Data Communications Satellite (DSCS III-08) Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
Bonnie Blair, Is First American Woman to Win Gold Medals in an Event in Consecutive Winter Olympics Bonnie Blair Speed Skating American Women Sports Figures 1992 Winter Olympic Games Historic Firsts The New York Times
1996 IBM Computer Defeats World Chess Champion, Gary Kasparov Gary Kasparov Chess History of Computer Technology IBM Technology and Society
A Blizzard Covers the Entire State of Minnesota, Causing Governor Arne Carlson to Close All Schools Minnesota Government Education Snow Wind State of Minnesota
1997 CBS's Purchases the Nashville Network and Country Music Television for a $1.5B CBS Television Business EconEdLink