The U.S. Flag The U.S. Flag


The U.S. Flag The U.S. Flag

United States
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. How many times did jockey, Isaac Murphy, win the Kentucky Derby (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1865, who was the first African-American to preach in the U.S. House of Representatives? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Kent University, Jacqueline Woodson is on the faculty of what college? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book authored by Jacqueline Woodson (according to Houghton Mifflin):

1. Abraham Lincoln was born on this date in 1809. What events occurred on this date in 1892, 1900 and 1915 to commemorate Lincoln's birthday? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Black Collegian, what foods and ingredients did George Washington Carver produce from the soy bean? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Basketball Hall of Fame, in what years did Bill Russell lead the University of San Francisco to two consecutive NCAA basketball championships? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a professional basketball team coached by Bill Russell (according to the Basketball Hall of Fame):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to, what performing group did Dorothy Dandridge form with her sister Vivian and Etta James?

2. In what city and state is the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum located?

3. According to the African American Registry, in what year did Roberta Martin begin the Roberta Martin Singers?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1950s film in which Dorothy Dandridge appeared (according to
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Picture of this person
Jacqueline Woodson

Author for Young Adults

George Washington Carver
George Washington Carver


Dorothy Dandridge
Dorothy Dandridge


Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln

The American Presidency

Picture of this person
Bill Russell

Basketball Hall of Fame

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Darwin Day
(Commemoration of the birth date of Charles Darwin: 02/12/1809)
Charles Darwin Evolution Darwin Day Web Site
Myanmar: Day of Union
(Celebration of Panglong Agreement which created the Nation of Burma: 02/12/1947)
`Myanmar U.S. Department of State
United States: Lincoln Day
(Commemoration of the birth date of Abraham Lincoln: 02/12/1809)
`United States `Abraham Lincoln
Georgia: Georgia Day
(Observed annually on this date to celebrate the founding of the Georgia colony by James Oglethorpe: 02/12/1733)
James Oglethorpe Georgia Day `Colonial Georgia
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1938 Judy Blume (New Jersey-born Children's Author) Judy Blume Young-adult Authors
1945 David Small (Detroit-born Illustrator Awarded the 2001 Caldecott Medal) David Small Primary Authors American Artists 20012 Caldecott Award
1964 Jacqueline Woodson (Ohio-born African-American Children's Author) Jacqueline Woodson Young-adult Authors Famous African Americans
Authors and Poets
1567 Thomas Campion (English Poet, Composer, Musical Theorist) English Authors Poetry Luminarium The History Channel Writer's Almanac
1828 George Meredith (English Novelist, Poet) English Authors Poetry
1908 Andrew Garve (Pseudonym for English Suspense Novelist Paul Winterton) English Authors
1837 Thomas Moran (English Landscape Artist of the American West) Thomas Moran American Artists Yellowstone National Park
1884 Max Beckmann (German Expressionist Painter, Printmaker, Graphic Artist) Max Beckmann Artists Architects & Designers
1930 Tshikudo Paul Tavhana (South African Carver, Sculptor) South African Artists South African History
1942 William Wegman (Massachusetts-born Photographer) Massachusetts Artists Photography
1945 David Small (Detroit-born Illustrator Awarded the 2001 Caldecott Medal) David Small Primary Authors 20012 Caldecott Award
Classical Composers and Performers
1898 Roy Harris (Oklahoma-born Composer) Roy Harris American Composers
1905 Todd Duncan (Kentucky-born African-American Operatic Baritone) Kentucky Performing Artists Opera African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1585 Caspar Bartholin (Danish Physician; Pioneer in Human Anatomy) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians Human Anatomy
1809 Charles Darwin (English Founder of the Modern Theory of Evolution) Charles Darwin Evolution
1888 James Field Smathers (Texas-born Inventor of the Electric Typewriter) Texas Scientists and Inventors Inventors and Inventions Texas State  Historical Association
Business Leaders
1791 Peter Cooper (New York City-born Inventor, Manufacturer, Philanthropist) New York City Business Leaders Philanthropy
Military Leaders
1828 Robert Ransom (North Carolina-born Confederate General) North Carolina Military Figures American Civil War The History Channel
1893 Omar Bradley (Missouri-born General, U.S. Army: First Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) Missouri Military Leaders WWII
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1663 Cotton Mather (Massachusetts-born Colonial American Puritan Minister, Writer) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Colonial Massachusetts Theologians and Religious Leaders Salem Witch Trials Luminarium Writer's Almanac
Political and Social Leaders
1606 John Winthrop (Governor of Connecticut) John Winthrop Founder of Ipswich Massachusetts, 1633 Founder of Saybrook, CT (1635) and New London, CT (1646)
1773 Jacques Dupre (Governor of Louisiana: 1830) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Secretary of State
1809 Abraham Lincoln (Kentucky-born 16th President of the United States) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Logs
1811 James Johnson (Reconstruction Provisional Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Reconstruction University of Georgia
1855 Fannie Barrier Williams (New York-born African-American Social Reformer, co-Founder of the National League of Colored Women) Fannie Barrier Williams Civil Rights/Human Rights African Americans Political and Social Figures
1871 Langalibalele Dube (South African of Zulu Royalty; Founder of the Zulu Newspaper Ilanga lase Natal, First Chairperson of the ANC, First Black Person to Receive a Doctorate Degree from a South African University) South African Political and Social Leaders Journalism
1880 John L. Lewis (Iowa-born Labor Leader: President of the United Mine Workers, Founder of the CIO) Iowa Political and Social Leaders Labor Unions AFL-CIO The History Channel
1884 Alice Roosevelt Longworth (New York City-born Daughter of Theodore Roosevelt) New York City Political and Social Leaders President Theodore Roosevelt
1942 Ehud Barak (Prime Minister of Israel) Israeli Political and Social Leaders
1948 Alexander Carlile (Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats, 1992-97) Welsh Political and Social Leaders
The Notorious
1897 Louis Buchalter (New York City-born Gangster) Notorious People of New York City Notorious Americans
Performing Artists
1907 Roberta Martin (Arkansas-born African-American Gospel Singer, Pianist, Composer, Publisher) Roberta Martin Gospel Musicians Famous African Americans
1915 Lorne Greene (Canadian Actor: Ben Cartwright on Bonanza) Candian Performing Artists Actors Television The History Channel
1919 Forest Tucker (Indiana-born Actor) Indiana Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1923 Franco Zeffirelli (Italian Stage, Opera and Film Director) Italian Performing Artists Filmmakers
1935 Ray Manzarek (Chicago-born Keyboardist for The Doors; Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Chicago Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
1945 Maud Adams (Swedish Actress) Swedish Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1955 Joanna Kerns (San Francisco-born Actress) San Francisco Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1956 Arsenio Hall (Ohio-born African-American Television Host) Ohio Performing Artists Television Famous African-Americans
1968 Josh Brolin (Los Angeles-born Actor) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1980 Christina Ricci (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film
Sports Figures
1843 John Graham Chambers (English Sportsman Responsible for Many Rules for Athletic Competitions; Marquis of Queensberry Rules for Boxing) English Sports Figures Sports
1917 Dom DiMaggio (San Francisco-born Professional Baseball Player; Brother of Joe DiMaggio) San Francisco Sport Figures Baseball
1926 Joe Garagiola (Missouri-born Professional Baseball Player: Baseball Hall of Fame Broadcaster) Missouri Sports Figures Journalism Baseball Hall of Fame Internet Movie Database
1934 Bill Russell (Louisiana-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Bill Russell Famous African Americans Basketball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1554 Lady Jane Grey, Former Head of England (16 Years Old, Beheaded at the Tower of London After Ruling Only 9 Days) British History British Royalty BBC
1789 Ethan Allen (Connecticut-born Colonial Patriot; Leader of the Vermont Green Mountain Boys) Ethan Allen Vermont Colonial America Revolutionary War
1804 Immanuel Kant (German Philosopher) Immanuel Kant Philosophy
1835 Hintsa ka Khawuta, Chief of the Xhosa (Killed by British Forces) South African Political and Social Leaders Great Britain South African History
1869 Isaac Burns Murphy (Kentucky-born African-American Jockey: 3-time Winner of the Kentucky Derby) Kentucky Sports Figures Horse Racing African-American Sports Figures
1871 Alice Cary (Ohio-born Poet, Hymnist) Ohio Composers and Songwriters Poetry Religion American Composers and Songwriters
1885 Alexander Mouton (Governor of Louisiana, 1843-1846; Chairman of the Louisiana Secession Convention) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Louisiana Secretary of State
1901 Jacob Beeson Blair (West Virginia-born U.S. Congressman) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress West Virginia State Archive
1915 Fanny Crosby (New York-born Hymnist) New York Composers and Songwriters Religion American Composers and Songwriters
1942 Grant Wood (Iowa-born Artist; "American Gothic") Grant Wood American Artists
1976 Sal Mineo (New York City-born Actor: Murdered) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database The History Channel
1980 Muriel Rukeyser (New York City-born Writer, Children's Author) New York City Authors American Authors Primary Children's Authors
1983 Eubie Blake (Maryland African-American Ragtime Composer, Pianist) Eubie Blake American Composers Famous African Americans
2000 Tom Landry (Texas-born Coach; Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) Texas Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
Charles M. Schulz (Minnesota-born Cartoonist; Creator of Peanuts) Charles M. Schulz Comics and Cartoons
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1541 The City of Santiago, Chile Is Founded by Pedro de Valdivia Chile Mundoandino
1554 16-year-old Lady Jane Grey of England Is Executed for High Treason After Ruling for Only 9 Days British History British Royalty BBC
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1688 William and Mary Are Declared King and Queen of England, France and Ireland English Political and Social Leaders French Political and Social Leaders Irish Political and Social Leaders William and Mary Chambers Book of Days
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1733 The City of Savannah, Georgia Is Founded by James Oglethorpe Savannah, Georgia University of Georgia
1777 Dr. John McKinly of Wilmington Is Named Delaware's First President (Governor) with 19 of 23 Votes of the General Assembly Delaware Political and Social Leaders Elections Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1781 A Spanish Force Captures British-held Fort St. Joseph (Niles), Michigan Spain Great Britain Niles, Michigan Forts State of Michigan Michigan State Archive (pdf)
1793 U.S. Congress Passes First Fugitive Slave Law Making It Illegal to Protect an Escaped Slave U.S. Congress Slavery Law and Legal Resources The History Channel
1795 Hinton James Arrives as the First Student as the University of North Carolina, the First U.S. State University North Carolina Education Education Historic Firsts University of North Carolina
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning we were visited by a Clatsop man who brought with him three dogs as a remuneration for the Elk which him self and nation had stolen from us some little time since, how ever the dogs took the alarm and ran off; we suffered him to remain in the fort all night.

Whitehouse: This day was rainey & wet, An Indian came to our fort & staid during last night; this Indian sold one of our Men a Sea otter skin. He left us this morning well pleased with the Sale he had made.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1815 News Reaches Boston That the War of 1812 Has Ended Boston, Massachusetts War of 1812 Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1818 Chile Proclaims Independence from Spain on the First Anniversary of the Patriot Victory at Chacabuco Chile Spain Encyclopedia Britannica
1825 Lower Creek Chiefs Sign the Treaty of Indian Springs Ceding All Remaining Creek Lands in Georgia Georgia Creek Indians Historic U.S. Documents University of Georgia
1832 Ecuador's Colonel Ignacio Hernández Officially Takes Possession of the Galápagos Islands for His Nation Ecuador Darwin Foundation
1835 British Forces Shoot and Kill Hintsa ka Khawuta, Chief of the Xhosa South African Political and Social Leaders Great Britain Death South African History
1861 10 a.m.: President-elect Abraham Lincoln Speaks to a Crowd from the Balcony of the Bates House in Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Logs
President-elect Abraham Lincoln Speaks from Train in Morris, Shelbyville, Greensburg and Lawrenceburg, Indiana Indiana Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Logs
8 p.m.: President-elect Abraham Lincoln Speaks to a Crowd of Thousands in Cincinnati, Ohio Cincinnati, Ohio Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Logs
1865 Henry Garnett Is the First African American to Preach in the House of Representatives U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Religion African American History Historic Firsts The History Channel
1869 61 Die When the Steamboat Mittie Stephens Catches Fire on a Run from New Orleans to Jefferson, Texas New Orleans Jefferson, Texas Steamboats Fire Death Texas State  Historical Association
1870 Women Gain the Right to Vote in the Utah Territory Utah Women's Suffrage Voting The New York Times
1873 Coinage Act Establishes the Bureau of the Mint U.S.Government Currency U.S.Treasury
Coinage Act Approves In God We Trust on All U.S. Coins U.S.Government U.S. Symbols Currency Religion Separation of Church and States U.S.Treasury
1875 Meteor Strikes the Ground Near Amana, Iowa Leaving 800 Pounds of Meteorites Amana, Iowa Meteors Iowa Historical Society
1877 The Telephone Is First Used to Transmit a News Dispatch from Salem, Massachusetts to the Boston Globe Newspaper Office Massachusetts Telephone The Boston Globe History of Technology Historic Firsts IEEE Communications  Society
1880 Ermelo, South Africa Is Founded by Frans Lion Cachet of the Dutch Reformed Church South Africa South African History
1887 Tarpon Springs, Florida Is Incorporated Tarpon Springs, Florida Florida Historical Society
1892 Abraham Lincoln's Birthday Is Declared a National Holiday U.S.Government Abraham Lincoln Calendars and Holidays The New York Times
1899 In Florida, Temperature Reaches -2 F in Tallahassee and 4" of Snow Fall in Lake Butler Florida Temperature Snow Florida Historical Society
-23 F in Tulia, Texas Sets State Record Low Temperature; 40,000 Cattle Die Overnight Across the State Texas Temperature Cattle Death Texas State  Historical Association
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 Negro Anthem, "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing", Is First Performed for Lincoln Day Abraham Lincoln African American History Music African American Registry
J.W. Packard Receives His First Automotive Patent James Ward Packard Automobiles Inventors and Inventions Patents & Trademarks The History Channel
1901 Delaware's Legislature Ratifies the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the US Constitution over 30 Years After They Had Become Law Across the Nation Delaware U.S. Constitution State of Delaware
1908 The First Around-the-World Auto Race (New York to Paris) Auto Race Begins New York City Paris Auto Racing Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Is Founded African American Heritage NAACP African American Registry University of Georgia
1912 Pu Yi, China's Last Emperor, Renounces His Throne Chinese History The History Channel
1914 Port Angeles, Washington Receives Its First Electrical Power Port Angeles, Washington Electricity Historic Firsts History Link
1915 34 Planes from the British Naval Wing Attack the German-occupied Coastal Towns of in Belgium Great Britain Belgium Germany World War I Aviation Military History The History Channel
The Cornerstone Is Laid for the Lincoln Memorial Abraham Lincoln The Lincoln Memorial The New York Times
1917 An Austrian Submarine Bombs and Sinks the American Schooner Lyman M. Law in the Mediterranean Sea Austria World War I Naval Military History The History Channel
1924 George Gershwin First Performs Rhapsody in Blue George Gershwin American Composers The History Channel
First Advertising-Sponsored Radio Show Is Broadcast Radio Propaganda Consumer Economics The History Channel
1926 Carter Woodson Initiates the First "Black History Week" Carter Woodson Black History Month Historic Firsts U.S. Census Bureau
1929 Colorado, Texas and New Mexico Sign the Rio Grande Compact, Placing a 5-year Moratorium on Water Projects Colorado Texas New Mexico Historic U.S. Documents Water Earth & Environmental Science New Mexico Magazine
1932 The White Pass Railroad Roundhouse and Shops Are Destroyed by Fire at Skagway, Alaska Skagway, Alaska Railroad Fire Safety Alaska Historical Society
1933 U.S. Post Office Issues Stamp Commemorating James Oglethorpe's Founding of Savannah, Georgia Savannah, Georgia U.S. Postal Service University of Georgia
1935 Two Die When the US Navy Dirigible, USS Macon Crashes Off the Coast of Southern California California Dirigible Death Learn California
1938 The First Lone Ranger Movie with Sound Is Released Film Internet Movie Database
1939 3,000 People Safely Evacuate the Amphitheatre in Duluth, Minnesota Seconds Before Heavy Snow Collapses the Roof Duluth, Minnesota Architecture Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1940 The Adventures of Superman Is First Broadcast on Radio Radio Superman University of Virginia
1941 Lieutenant-General Erwin Rommel Arrives in Tripoli Erwin Rommel Libya World War II The History Channel
1947 Panglong Agreement Unites Chin, Kachin, and Shan into the Nation of Burma Burma/Myanmar The Ethnic Nationalities Council (pdf)
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Georgetown, Delaware's Mayor Makes the First Telephone Call over the Town's New Dial System Georgetown, Delaware Telephone Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1954 Atomic Energy Authority Is Established to Control British Production and Development of Atomic Energy British Government Atomic Energy BCC
1957 General Electric Announces Borazon, a Diamond-Tough Synthetic Material General Electric Organic Chemistry Diamonds Technology and Society
1962 Macon, Georgia Bus Boycott Begins U.S. Civil Rights Movement Georgia University of Georgia
1963 Northwest Orient Airlines Crash in Stormy Weather Kills 43 North of Miami, Florida Miami, Florida Air Crashes Death Florida Historical Society
1964 Fighting Between Ethnic Turks and Greeks Breaches Truce on the Island of Cyprus: Leaves 16 Dead Cyprus Turkey Greece Dead BCC
1968 Jimi Hendrix Holds a Concert in His Hometown of Seattle, Washington Jimi Hendrix Rock and Roll Hall of Fame History Link
1973 North Vietnamese Release 142 of 591 American Prisoners of War Vietnam War Prisoners of War The History Channel The New York Times
1974 In Washington, a Federal Judge Issues Ruling Affirming Native American Treaty Fishing Rights Washington Native American Heritage Law and Legal Resources Business and Economics History Link
1976 U.S. Conducts 200 to 1000 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1977 Governor Jerry Brown Appoints Rose Bird as the First Female Member of and Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court California American Women Political and Social Leaders Law Historic Firsts Learn California
1980 The State of Delaware Helps Bail out the Chrysler Corporation by Lending It $5 million Delaware Business Chrysler State of Delaware
1982 U.S. Conducts Two : 20 to 150 kT Underground Nuclear Tests in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1983 Parades and Celebrations in Savannah Mark the 250th Anniversary of the Founding of Georgia Savannah, Georgia University of Georgia
1986 Human Rights Activist Anatoly Scharansky Is Released After Eight Years in Soviet Prisons and Labor Camps Soviet Union Crime The History Channel
1988 Two Soviet Warships Bump Two U.S. Navy Vessels in Waters Claimed by the Soviet Union Soviet Union Naval Military History The Cold War The History Channel
1990 Arsonists Ignite 14 Million Scrap Tires Near Hagersville, Ontario Canada Fire Safety Crime Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1992 Mongolia's New Non-Communist Constitution Becomes Law Mongolia University of Bern
1994 The Scream by Edvard Munch Is Stolen from the Norway's National Art Museum in Oslo Oslo, Norway National Art Museum Art Crime BCC
1997 State of Texas Launches Antitrust Investigation of Microsoft's Internet Software Business Practices Texas Bill Gates Internet Anti-trust Law MIT
1998 Federal Judge Rules Presidential Line-item Veto Unconstitutional American Presidency Constitutional Law The New York Times
1999 Senate Impeachment Trial of Bill Clinton Ends with Two Acquittals U.S. Senate President Bill Clinton Presidential Impeachment The History Channel University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2001 NASA Space Probe NEAR Lands on the Asteroid Eros NASA Asteroids Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (pdf)
2002 Former Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic Goes on Trial for War Crimes in The Hague Slobodan Milosevic The Hague War Crimes Law and Legal Resources The History Channel
Speed Skater Casey FitzRandolph Wins a Gold Medal at the Salt Lake City Olympic Games Wisconsin Sports Figures Speed Skating 2002 Winter Olympics Wisconsin Historical Society
2006 27" Snowfall Most in New York City's Recorded History New York City Snow Historic Firsts CNN