Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Who was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on this date in 1974? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who were the first African-Americans to appear on stage at Carnegie Hall on this date in 1892? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the College Football Hall of Fame, how many years did Eddie Robinson coach, and how many games did he win during his career? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a professional baseball team for which "Cool Papa" Bell played (according to the Baseball Hall of Fame):

1. In what year was the first African-American member admitted to the New York Stock Exchange? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the United States Military Academy, why didn't Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. enter the Army Air Corps when he graduated from the academy? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to National Public Radio, what was the name of the 1946 production in which Ruby Dee and Ossie Davis met? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a work by Zora Neale Hurston (according to the University of Minnesota):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, in what flourishing movement did Zora Neale Hurston participate while earning her bachelor of arts degree from Barnard College?

2. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, how many people were convicted and sentenced to prison for the murder of Malcolm X?

3. According to the United States Military Academy, what Army Air Corps unit did Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. take command of in 1942?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a Spike Lee production involving Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee (according to Indiana University):

Black History Month
Separation Bar
Zora Neale Hurston
Zora Neale Hurston


Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.

Military Leader

Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
Ossie Davis

Actors and Social Activists

Malcolm X
Malcolm X

U.S. Civil Rights Leader

Eddie Robinson
Eddie Robinson

Winningest Coach in College Football History

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
World Radio Day
((Observed annually on this date to commemorate the birth of UN radio in 1946))
World Radio Day UNESCO
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1881 Eleanor Farjeon (English Poet, Children's Author) English Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Poetry
1924 Ouida Sebestyen (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors Young-adult Authors
1932 Simms Taback (New York City-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New York City Authors Primary Children's Authors American Artists
1945 William Sleator (Maryland-born Children's Author) William Sleator Young-adult Authors
1947 Janet Taylor Lisle (New Jersey-born Children's Author) Janet Taylor Lisle Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1769 Ivan Andreyevich Krylov (Russian Folklorist) Russian Authors Folk Tales & Folk Lore
1903 Georges Simenon (Belgian Crime Novelist) Belgian Writers Writer's Almanac
1910 Margaret Halsey (English Author) English Authors
1918 Joseph B(oxley) Roberts, Jr (Mississippi-born Educator, Author) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators Educators of Note Mississippi Writers
1943 Elaine H(iesey) Pagels (California-born Religion Historian, Nonfiction Writer) California Authors & Illustrators Religion Writer's Almanac
1892 Grant Wood (Iowa-born Artist: "American Gothic") Grant Wood American Artists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1920 Eileen Farrell (Connecticut-born Operatic Soprano) Connecticut Performing Artists Opera
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1766 Thomas Malthus (English Economist) Thomas Malthus Economics
1910 William Shockley (California-born co-Inventor of the Transistor; 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics) William Shockley Inventors and Inventions The Transistor 1956 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Explorers and Aviators
1923 Chuck Yeager (West Virginia-born Test Pilot) Chuck Yeager Aviation
Business Leaders
1933 Leeann W. Chin (Chinese-American Restaurateur) Chinese Business Leaders Minnesota Business Leaders Business Asian-American Business Leaders Lee Ann China Asian to Go Minnesota Historical Society
Military Leaders
1831 John Rawlins (Illinois-born Union Army General) Illinois Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1873 Emmet J. Scott (Texas-born African-American Educator, Author) Texas Political and Social Leaders Booker T. Washington Education Famous African Americans African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1885 Bess Truman (Missouri-born Wife of President Harry Truman) Bess Truman Harry Truman
1892 Robert H. Jackson (Pennsylvania-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Oyez
Performing Artists
1884 Sophie Tucker (Russian-American Vaudeville Performer) Russia Performing Artists Stage & Theater Internet Movie Database
1919 Tennessee Ernie Ford (Tennessee-born County Singer) Tennessee Performing Artists Country & Western Performers Internet Movie Database
1933 Kim Novak (Chicago-born Actress) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1934 George Segal (New York-born Actor, Musician) New York Performing Artists Actors Musicians Film Internet Movie Database
1944 Stockard Channing (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1950 Peter Gabriel (English Popular Musician, Songwriter) Peter Gabriel Popular Musicians
1961 Julia Louis-Dreyfus (New York City-born Actress: Elaine in Seinfeld) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1961 Henry Rollins (Washington, D.C. Popular Singer) Washington D.C. Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1964 Penelope Ann Miller (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1966 Patrick Dempsey (Maine-born Actor) Maine Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1968 Kelly Hu (Hawaiian-born Asian-American Actress) Hawaiian Performing Artists Actors Film Asian-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1918 Patty Berg (Minnesota-born Member of the World Golf Hall of Fame) Minnesota Sports Figures World Golf Hall of Fame
1919 Eddie Robinson (Louisiana-born African-American Football Coach; Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Eddie Robinson Famous African Americans Football
1947 Mike Krzyzewski (Chicago-born Hall of Fame Olympic Gold Medal Basketball Coach) Mike Krzyzewski Basketball Hall of Fame 2008 Olympic Basketball Duke University
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1542 Catherine Howard (Fifth Wife of Henry VIII, Executed for Adultery) British Political and Social Leaders Catherine Howard Capital Punishment
1728 Cotton Mather (Massachusetts-born Puritan Religious Leader) Massachusetts Political and Social Leaders Religion Concordia
1793 Father Antonio Paterna (California-born Latin-American Founder of Mission Santa Barbara) California Political and Social Leaders California Missions Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Mission Sanata Barbara
1818 George Rogers Clark (Virginia-born Pioneer, Frontiersman, Military Leader) George Rogers Clark Famous American Military Leaders American Revolution
1883 Richard Wagner (German Operatic Composer) Richard Wagner Composers Opera
1888 Jean Baptiste Lamy (French-born Archbishop of Santa Fe) French Political and Social Leaders New Mexico Political and Social Leaders Catholicism New Mexico Magazine
1951 Lloyd C. Douglas (Indiana-born Religious Author: The Robe) Lloyd C. Douglas American Authors Religion Concordia
1977 Manuel Trazazas Gonzaullas (Latin-American Texas Ranger) Texas Political and Social Leaders Crime Hispanic Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
2002 Waylon Jennings (Texas-born Member of the Country Music Hall of Fame) Waylon Jennings Country Music Hall of Fame
2010 Lucille Clifton (New York-born African-American Poet) Lucille Clifton Poetry American Women Authors African-American Poetry
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1542 Catherine Howard, the Fifth Wife of England's King Henry VIII, Is Executed for Adultery British Political and Social Leaders Catherine Howard Capital Punishment New York Times
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1633 Galileo Galilei Arrives in Rome for His Trial Before the Inquisition Italy Galileo Galilei Astronomy Catholicism Law and Legal Resources Concordia
1635 Boston Latin School, America's First Public School, Is Established Boston, Massachusetts Education Historic Firsts New York Times
1689 William and Mary Are Proclaimed Joint Sovereigns under Britain's New Bill of Rights British Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy History Channel
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1713 Smallpox Epidemic Sweeps through the Indigenous People of Southern Africa's Cape Peninsula Africa Smallpox Death South African History
1776 Patrick Henry Named Colonel of 1st Virginia Battalion in Defense of State's Supply of Gunpowder Patrick Henry American Revolution History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: The Clatsop left us this morning at 11 A. M. not any thing transpired during the day worthy of notice.

yesterday we completed the operation of drying the meat, and think we have a sufficient stock to last us this month. the Indians inform us that we shall have great abundance of a small fish in March which from their discription must be the herring.

these people have also informed us that a trader by the name of More who sometimes touches at this place and trades with the natives of this coast, had on board of his vessel three Cows, and that when he left them he continued his course along the N. W. coast. I think this strong circumstancial proof that there is a stettlement of white persons at Nootka sound or some point to the N. W. of us on the coast.

Whitehouse: It rained the greater part of last night, and this morning was Cloudy. the Men at the fort were employed making of Moccasins & mending their Cloathing

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1818 Conecuh and Marion Counties Are Created in Alabama Alabama Conecuh County Marion County Alabama Archives
1826 American Temperance Society (Later the American Temperance Union) Is Founded in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Illicit Drugs Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia
1837 The Delaware Academy of Natural Sciences Is Founded in Wilmington Wilmington, Delaware Science State of Delaware
1841 Racine, Wisconsin Is Incorporated as a Village Racine, Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1849 Otterbein College Is Chartered in Westerville, Ohio Ohio Education Otterbein College Concordia
1850 British Ship Childe Herold Sinks Off South Africa's Coast Carrying Ivory from Bombay to London South Africa Great Briain India Naval History South African History
Gordon County Is Created as Georgia's 94th County Gordon County, Georgia Gordon County, Georgia University of Georgia
1854 Chattahoochee County Is Created as Georgia's 109th County Chattahoochee County, Georgia Chattahoochee, Georgia University of Georgia
1855 Michigan Legislature Passes Provisions to Protect Escaped Slaves Michigan Slavery Law and legal Resources State of Michigan
1857 Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Attend a Party at the Governor's Mansion in Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
Isanti County, Minnesota Is Created and Named for a Dakota Band That Lived in the Region in the 17th Century Isanti County, Minnesota Dakota Indians Minnesota Historical Society
The Delaware General Assembly Incorporates the Junction and Breakwater Railroad to Build a Line From Milford to Lewes Delaware Railroad State of Delaware
1861 Bernard J.D. Irwin Earns the First Medal of Honor in an Arizona Conflict with Apache Indians Irish Military Figures Arizona Apache American Military Figures Historic Firsts History Channel
The Virginia Secession Convention Assembles in Richmond Virginia American Civil War Virginia Historical Society
President Lincoln Speaks in Columbus, Ohio as His Train Makes Its Way to Washington, D.C. Columbus. Ohio Abraham Lincoln Railroad Lincoln Papers
1866 Joe Cain Revives the First Celebration of Mardi Gras in Mobile, AL Since the Start of the Civil War Mobile, Alabama Mobile Mardi Gras Alabama Archives
Jesse James Holds Up His First Bank, Liberty Missouri ($15,000) Jesse James Notorious Americans Spartacus
1891 Body of Frances Coles, Probable Victim of Jack the Ripper, Found in London Jack the Ripper Crime Death Metropolitan Police
1892 World's Fair Colored Opera Company: First African-Americans at Carnegie Hall New York City Opera African-American HIstory African American Registry
1895 Lumiere Brothers Granted French Patent for First Movie Projectors France Film Patents and Trademarks History of Technology Historic Firsts Institut Lumière
1898 Businessman Henry Lindfield Is the First English Automobile Fatality England Automobiles Death Historic Firsts Brake
1899 A Record Low Temperature for Louisiana Is Set in Minden (-16 F) Minden, Louisiana Temperature Minden, Louisiana Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of State
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Negotiations Fail to End South Africa's Anglo-Boer War South Africa Great Briain Boer War South African History
1905 President Theodore Roosevelt Outlines His Plan for Racial, Social and Economic Equality in America President Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency Racism History Channel
1909 President Theodore Roosevelt Establishes Superior National Forest Minnesota Parks President Theodore Roosevelt Trees Superior National Forest Minnesota Historical Society
1912 The First Meeting of a Rotary Club in Florida Is Held in Jacksonville Jacksonville, Florida Rotary International Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1913 La Prensa, a Spanish-Language Daily Newspaper Is First Published in San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas Journalism Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Association
Labor Activist, "Mother" Jones, Is Arrested in Charleston, West Virginia Mother Jones Charleston, West Virginia Labor Human Rights/Civil Rights West Virginia Archives
Fire Destroys the Printing Plant of the Seattle Times Seattle, Washington Fire Safety Journalism Seattle Times History Link
1914 American Society of Composers, Authors, & Publishers (ASCAP) Founded Composers Actors American Authors Labor ASCAP Library of Congress
1915 Robert Frost and His family Set Sail from Liverpool, England, Bound for New York Great Britain New York City Robert Frost American Authors American Collection
1918 7.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at 10,000 in China China Earthquakes Death USGS
1920 The League of Nations Recognizes Switzerland's Perpetual Neutrality Switzerland League of Nations History Channel
Negro National Baseball League Is Organized at a Kansas City YMCA Rube Foster Negro Baseball African-American History Negro League Baseball Players Association African American Registry
1935 Bruno Hauptmann Is Found Guilty of Kidnap & Murder of Lindbergh's Infant Lindbergh Kidnapping Crime Law and Legal Resources New York Times
In an Effort to Stop Price Wars, Wisconsin Established a Minimum Price of 16 Cents/Gallon for Gasoline Wisconsin Business Transportation Consumer Economics Law and Legal Resources Wisconsin Historical Society
1937 Prince Valiant Comic Strip First Appears Cartoons & Comics Toonpedia
NFL Boston Redskins Move to Washington DC Football Washington, D.C. NFL
1939 Louis Brandeis Retires from the U.S. Supreme Court Louis Brandeis U.S. Supreme Court Judaism Historic Firsts Oyez
Italian-American, Mario Olmeda, Records Six Italian Folk Songs Italy Folk Music Library of Congress
1942 Author Mark Harris, Stationed at Camp Wheeler, Near Macon, Georgia, Goes AWOL Macon, Georgia New York Authors & Illustrators American Authors World War II American Collection
1943 William Faulkner Publishes "Shingles for the Lord" in the Saturday Evening Post William Faulkner American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers
First Class of Military Aerial Navigators Arrives at San Marcos Army Air Field, Texas Texas World War II Aviation History Texas State Historical Association
1945 Allies Firebomb Dresden, Germany for Four Days: 50,000 Die Germany Aviation History World War II Death History Channel
Soviets Liberate Budapest from German Occupation Hungary Germany Soviet Union World War II United States Holocaust Memorial Museum New York Times
1948 The Articles of Incorporation for the Potato Growers of Wisconsin Are Recognized by the Secretary of State Wisconsin Business Farming & Agriculture Business Wisconsin Potato and Vegetable Growers Association Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Hits the Alaskan Peninsula Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1956 Georgia's Senate Votes 39-0 to Declare Brown v. Board of Education Null and Void in Georgia Georgia Education African-American Heritage Brown v. Board of Education University of Georgia
Georgia's Governor Signs Legislation Adopting a New State Flag Georgia University of Georgia
1958 Tallahassee, Florida Receives a Record 2.8 Inches of Snow Tallahassee, Florida Tallahassee, Florida Snow Florida Historical Society
1960 France Conducts First Nuclear Test in Algeria (20 - 200kT atmospheric) France Algeria Nuclear Weapons Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1966 Soviets Conduct 125kT Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Nuclear Weapons The Soviet Union Kazakhstan Geoscience Australia
1967 The Beatles Release "Penny Lane" & "Strawberry Fields Forever" The Beatles Popular Musicians Discogs
1970 Joseph L Searles First African-American Member of New York Stock Exchange Markets and Investments African-American History Historic Firsts African American Registry
1973 President Nixon Raises the Official U.S. Gold Price from $38.00/ounce to $42.22/ounce President Richard Nixon Gold Economics U.S. Treasury
1974 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Is Expelled from the Soviet Union Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Authors 1970 Nobel Laureate for Literature The Cold War BBC
James "Cool Papa" Bell Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame Cool Papa Bell Famous African-Americans Baseball Hall of Fame Baseball Library
1975 British Coal Miners Accept 35% Pay Raise Great Britain Labor Economics BBC
1976 U.S. Figure Skater, Dorothy Hamill, Wins Olympic Gold in Innsbruck, Austria Connecticut Sports Figures Figure Skating Hall of Fame 1976 Winter Olympic Games New York Times
400 Bookbinders Go on Strike in the Minnesota Twin Cities Area Minnesota Business Labor Strike Business Minnesota Historical Society
1978 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nuclear Weapons Nevada Geoscience Australia
1979 West Half of Washington's Hood Canal Bridge Collapses in 85-120 mph Winds Washington Bridges Washington Department of Transportation History Link
1982 Thousands Attend Funeral of South African Labor Leader, Neil Aggett South Africa Labor South African History
1984 Konstantin Chernenko Succeeds Yuri Andropov as Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko Cold War History Channel
1990 Drexel Burnham Lambert Financial Group Files for Bankruptcy Markets & Investments History Channel
1991 U.S. Bombers Strike Civilians in Baghdad, Killing Hundreds Iraq Gulf War Aviation History Death BBC
The Lost Manuscript of Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn Is Authenticated Adventures of Huckleberry Finn American Authors History Channel
1995 Los Angeles Dodgers Sign Hideo Nomo, a Five-time All-Star in the Japanese Leagues Japanese Sports Figures Los Angeles Los Angeles Dodgers Asian-American Sports Figures New York Times
1997 Space Shuttle (STS-82: Discovery) Astronauts "Fine Tune" Hubble Telescope The Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope NASA
Dow Jones Industrial Average Closes Above 7,000 for the First Time at 7,022.44 Markets and Investments New York Stock Exchange Historic Firsts New York Times
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2000 The Last Original Sunday Peanuts Comic Strip Is Published Charles M. Schulz Comics and Cartoons Official Website CNN
2001 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at Least 315 in El Salvador El Salvador Earthquakes Death USGS
2002 Olympic Figure Skating Judge Admits She Was Pressured into Voting for the Russian Pairs Utah Figure Skating 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympics PBS
2005 Ray Charles Receives 8 Grammy Awards Posthumously Ray Charles Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists The Grammy Awards BBC