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Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
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5-Minute Quests

1. In what state was James "Kokomo" Arnold born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the name of the fugitive slave who was rescued from capture on this date in 1850? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Just Us Books, from what college did Cheryl Willis Hudson graduate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an author, writer or journalist born on this date:

1. Who was the jazz pianist who died on this date in 1943? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the American Nurses Association Nursing Hall of Fame, from what institution did Mary Mahoney graduate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, what was the name of the news magazine founded by Fay Jackson in the late 1920s? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Cheryl Willis Hudson (according to Just Us Books):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to PBS, who discovered Sidney Bechet in 1919?

2. According to The History Makers, what organization did Julian Bond help to form in 1960?

3. According to the Valerie Still foundation, on what instrument is Valerie a professional caliber musician?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a film in which Sidney Bechet appeared (according to Red Hot Jazz):
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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: at 10 oClock P M. last night the men that dispatched yesterday for the meat, returned and informed us that as they were on their march down at the distance of about 24 miles below the Fort "about 105 Indians which they took to be Souis rushed on them and Cut their horses from the Slays, two of which they carried off in great hast, the 3rd
horse was given up to the party by the intersetion of an Indian who assumd Some authority on the accasion, probably more thro' fear of himself or Some of the Indians being killed by our men who were not disposed to be Robed of all they had tamely, they also forced 2 of the mens knives & a tamahawk, the man obliged them to return the tamahawk the knives they ran off with

[G Drewyer, Frasure, S Gutterage, & Newmon] with a broken Gun

we dispatched two men to inform the mandans, and if any of them chose to pursue those robers, to come down in the morning, and join Capt Lewis who intended to Set out with a party of men verry early, by 12 oClock the Chief of the
2ed Village Big white Came down, and Soon after one other Chief and Several men— The Chief observed that all the young men of the 2 Villages were out hunting, and but verry fiew guns were left,— Capt Lewis Set out at Sunrise with 24 men, to meet those Soues &c. Several Indians accompanied him Some with Bows & arrows Some withe Spears & Battle axes, a 2 with fusees—

the morning fine the Thermometer Stood at 16° below 0, Nought,

visited by 2 of the Big Bellies [Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] this evening,— one Chief of the Mandans returned from Capt Lewises Party nearly blind— this Complaint is as I am infomd. Common at this Season of the year and caused by the reflection of the Sun on the ice & Snow, it is cured by "jentilley Swetting the part affected by throweng Snow on a hot Stone" [Snowblindness is the result of the sun's reflecting off snow causing serious irritation to unprotected eyes.]

verry Cold part of the night— one man Killed a verry large Red Fox to day

Ordway: about 2 OClock last night the 4 men who dispatched yesterday returned and informed us that they were Stoped about 25 mls. down the River by about 105 of the Souix Savages, they emediately Seized the horses cut of
the collars (hooping and yelling) jurked the halters from one to another through Several hands. then they jumped on
two of them and rode of uppon the run, our men with much difficulty kept the Gray mare which had a coalt at the Fort. one of the horses which they took was a fine large Gilding which belong to one of the N. W. Compy. tradors by the name of Mackinzie— the other was a publick horse as soon as we was informed of this Capt Lewis and 20 odd of the party vollunterily to go and fight. Sent word up to the 1st village to See if they would turn out the head chief & a
nomber of warries came emediately to the Fort. we Got ready to Start directly but did not set out untill after Sunrise I then Set out with Capt Lewis and 20 odd more of the party. Several warries of the Mandans Set out with us but their was only 3 or 4 remained with us the whole day. we walked about 18 mls. and halted. Got Some meat that our hunters had left hanging upon a tree & boiled & eat Some then proceeded on to the place where the horses was taken. we found a Sled their which they had cut the horse out of. found also a nomber pair of moccasons at their camp. we took the Sled and proceeded on their trale untill late in the evening. we then arived at 2 old Indian lodges which we Some expected to find them their we sent in a Spy but found none so we went to the lodges and Slept all night Some of the mens feet were sore walking 30 odd mls. on the Ice to day.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Temperature

Native American Tribes Health Care Crime Horses Fox

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: Drewyer and Whitehouse set out this morning on a hunting excurtion towards the praries of Point Adams. we have heard our hunters over the Netul fire several shot today, but have had no account from them as yet.

about 3 P. M. Bratton arrived from the salt works and informed us that Serjt. Pryor and party were on their way with Gibson who is so much reduced that he cannot stand alone and that they are obliged to carry him in a litter. Bratton himself appears much reduced with his late indisposition but is now recovering fast.

Bratton informed that the cause of Serjt. Pryor's delay was attributeable to the winds which had been so violent for several days as to render it impossible to get a canoe up the creek to the point where it was necessary to pass with Gibson. the S. W. winds are frequently very violent on the coast when we are but little sensible of them at Fort Clatsop. in consequence of the lofty and thickly timbered fir country which surrounds us on that quarter from the South to the North East.—

after dark Serjt. Pryor arrived with Gibson. we are much pleased in finding him by no means as ill as we had
expected. we do no conceive him in danger by any means, tho' he has yet a fever and is much reduced. we beleive
his disorder to have orriginated in a violent cold which he contracted in hunting and pursuing Elk and other game through the swams and marshes about the salt works. he is nearly free from pain tho' a gooddeel reduced and very languid.

we gave him broken dozes of diluted nitre and made him drink plentifully of sage tea, had his feet bathed in warm water and at 9 P. M. gave him 35 drops of laudanum

The quadrupeds of this country from the Rocky Mountains to the pacific Ocean are 1st the domestic animals, consisting of the horse and the dog only; 2cdly the native wild animals consisting of the Brown white or grizly bear, (which I beleive to be the same family with a mearly accedental difference in point of colour) the black bear, the common red deer, the black tailed fallow deer, the Mule deer, Elk, the large brown wolf, the small woolf of the plains, the large wolf of the plains, the tiger cat, the common red fox, black fox or fisher, silver fox, large red fox of the
plains, small fox of the plains or kit fox, Antelope, sheep, beaver, common otter, sea Otter, mink, spuck, seal, racoon, large grey squirrel, small brown squirrel, small grey squirrel, ground squirrel, sewelel, Braro, rat, mouse, mole, Panther, hare, rabbit, and polecat or skunk. all of which shall be severally noticed in the order in which they occur as well as shuch others as I learn do exist and which not been here recapitulated.

The horse is confined principally to the nations inhabiting the great plains of Columbia. in this extesive tract of principally untimbered country so far as we have leant the following nations reside (viz) the Sosone or snake Indians, the Chopunnish, sokulks, Cutssahnims, Chymnapums, Ehelutes, Eneshuh & Chilluckkittequaws. all of whom enjoy the bennefit of that docile, generous and valuable anamal the horse, and all of them except the three last have immence numbers of them.

Their horses appear to be of an excellent race; they are lofty eligantly formed active and durable; in short many of them look like the fine English coarsers and would make a figure in any country. some of those horses are pided [pied] with large spots of white irregularly scattered and intermixed with the black brown bey or some other dark colour,

[The spotted Appaloosa, of which the Nez Perces and some other northwestern tribes were particularly fond]

but much the larger portion are of an uniform colour with stars snips and white feet, or in this rispect marked much like our best blooded horses in virginia, which they resemble as well in fleetness and bottom as in form and colours.

the natives suffer them to run at large in the plains, the grass of which furnishes them with their only subsistence
their masters taking no trouble to lay in a winters store for them, but they even keep fat if not much used on the dry grass of the plains during the winter. no rain scarcely ever falls in these plains and the grass is short and but thin.

The natives appear to take no pains in scelecting their male horses from which they breed, in short those of that discription which I have noticed appeared much the most indifferent. whether the horse was orrigeonally a native of
this country or not it is out of my power to determine as we can not understand the language of the natives sufficiently to ask the question.

at all events the country and climate appears well adapted to this anamal. horses are said to be found wild in many parts of this extensive plain country. the several tribes of Sosones who reside towards Mexico have also a great number of mules, which among the Indians I find are much more highly prized than horses. an eligant horse may be purchased of the natives in this country for a few beads or other paltry trinkets which in the U' States would not cost more than one or two dollars.

This abundance and cheapness of horses will be extremely advantageous to those who may hereafter attemt the fir trade to the East Indies by way of the Columbia river and the Pacific Ocean.— the mules in the possession of the Indians are principally stolen from the Spaniards of Mexeco; they appear to be large and fine such as we have seen. Among the Sosonesof the upper part of the S. E. fork of the Columbia we saw several horses with spanish brands on them which we supposed had been stolen from the inhabitants of Mexeco.—

Whitehouse: A clear morning. In the Evening the party returned from the Salt works. they brought with them the 2 Sick Men, One of which they were forced to bring in a blanket, to & from the boat; the other Man came with one of
the party by land. the Man who was brought in a blankett was very sick. These Men were taken good care of, & supplied with every necessary that we had in the fort. Two of our Men were sent out from the fort a hunting this day.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Horses
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1934 Congress Approves President Franklin Roosevelt's Civil Works Emergency Relief Act U.S. Congress President Franklin Roosevelt The New Deal History Channel
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1936 Norway's Sonja Henie Wins Third Olympic Figure Skating Gold Medal Sonja Henie Figure Skating The 1936 Winter Olympics USA Today New York Times
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1938 The Unvanquished by William Faulkner Is Published by Random House William Faulkner American Authors & Illustrators Random House Mississippi Writers
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1952 England's King George VI Is Buried At Windsor Castle Great Britain King George VI BBC
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1954 French Research Submersible F.N.R.S. 3 Dives to 13,257' Off the Coast of Senegal Senegal Oceans Historic Firsts NOAA
Augusta, Georgia's WRDW-TV, a CBS affiliate, Goes on the Air Augusta, Georgia Television WRDW-TV University of Georgia
1956 A's & Pirates Cancel Birmingham, AL Exhibition Due to Local Race Ordinance Alabama Baseball Racism USA Today
1961 Belgian Jet Crashes Killing U.S. Figure Skating Team and 39 Others Belgium Air Disasters Figure Skating Death BBC
1964 International Labour Organization (ILO) Suspends South Africa for Racism and Forced Labour South Africa Labor Racism International Labor Organization South African History
1965 The Maple Leaf Flag Officially Becomes the New National Flag of Canada Canada Canadian Government History Channel
1966 Charles DeGaulle Offers to Help End Vietnam War Charles DeGaulle Vietnam War History Channel
1970 "Chicago Eight" Defense Attorneys Sentenced Chicago 8 Vietnam War Politics Law & Legal Resources History Channel
1971 Great Britain Converts Its Currency to the Decimal System Great Britain Currency Standards of Measurement Decimals BBC
1978 Leon Spinks Defeats Muhammad Ali for World Heavyweight Championship Muhammad Ali Boxing Hall of Fame USA Today
1980 Wayne Gretzky Ties NHL Record with Seven Assists Canadian Sport Figures NHL Hockey Hall of Fame USA Today
1981 Richard Petty Wins the Daytona 500 for the Seventh Time Daytona Beach, Florida North Carolina Sports Figures Auto Racing Daytona 500 Florida Historical Society
1984 U.S. Diplomat, Leamon Hunt, Is Assassinated in Rome by the Red Brigades Italy U.S. Government Terrorism Death Vanderbilt
1986 British Police Clash with Members of the Striking Printers Union Great Britain Labor BBC
1989 Soviets Complete Troop Withdrawal from Afghanistan After 10 Years Occupation Afghanistan Soviet Union Cold War BBC
1994 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 207 in Southern Sumatra, Indonesia Indonesia Earthquake Death USGS
1998 Dale Earnhardt Wins the Daytona 500 Daytona, Florida Dale Earnhardt Auto Racing New York Times
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2000 Washington's Suquamish Tribe Begins Commercial Clam Harvest on Private non-Indian Land Washington Suquamish Tribe Business History Link
2002 President Bush Approves Nevada's Yucca Mountain for Nuclear Waste Disposal Nevada President George W. Bush American Presidency Nuclear Waste PBS
Canadian Figure Skaters Awarded Gold Medals to Correct Scoring Fraud Canada Figure Skating 2002 Winter Olympics CNN