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Lithuania Lithuania

FEBRUARY 16

Lithuania Lithuania
 
 

Lithuania
 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. For what device was P. Walker awarded patent 577,153 on this date in 1897? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which two performing artists were born on this date 1957? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Indianapolis Star, how much money did Major Taylor earn at the height of his cycling success? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:
JET BEATS MASK
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who did Joe Frazier knock out to win the world heavyweight boxing title on this date in 1970? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Harvard University, how old was Ruby Bridges when she was depicted in a Norman Rockwell painting? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, what part did James Baskett play when he was the first live actor to hired by Walt Disney? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a city where Denyce Graves has performed her signature role as Carmen (according to the Metropolitan Opera New England Region):
RAVE ON

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Illinois, Arna Bontemps accepted a teaching position in Harlem at the height of what artistic period?

2. According to the African American Registry, for what reason was Henry McBay awarded the Elizabeth Norton prize at the University of Chicago?

3. According to Abilene Christian, for what two titles roles is Denyce Graves' particularly well known?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1930s work by Arna Bontemps (according the University of Illinois):
MY DRAMA GESTURE
 
Black History Month
 
Separation Bar
Arna Bontemps
Arna Bontemps

African-American Authors

Henry McBay
Henry McBay

African-American Scientists

Denyce Graves
Denyce Graves

Opera

Ruby Bridges
Ruby Bridges

African-American Civil Rights Leaders

Major Taylor
Major Taylor

African-American Sports Figures

 
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Lithuania: Independence Day
(Commemorates the Lithuanian declaration of independence: 02/16/1918)
Lithuanian Declaration of Independence Lithuanian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1908 Elizabeth Cooper (Pennsylvania-born Children's Science Author) Pennsylvania Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Science
1933 Nancy Ekholm Burkert (Colorado-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Colorado Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors American Authors
1952 Carol Gorman (Iowa-born Children's Author) Iowa Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Official Website
Authors and Poets
1831 Nikolai Leskov (Russian Author) Nikolai Leskov
1838 Henry Adams (Massachusetts-born Historian) Henry Adams
1938 David Houston (Mississippi-born Novelist) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators
1944 Richard Ford (Mississippi-born Author Awarded 1996 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Independence Day) Richard Ford 1996 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Independence Day
Artists
1740 Giambattista Bodoni (Italian Typeface Designer) Italian Artists Journalism
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1907 Alec Wilder (New York-born Composer) New York Composers American Composers
1938 Corigliano (New York-born Composer) New York Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1822 Francis Galton (English Scientist, Explorer, Biometrician) English Scientists & Mathematicians Evolution Hurricanes & Cyclones
Military Leaders
1808 Lysander Cutler (Massachusetts-born General of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry) Massachusetts Military Figures Wisconsin Military Figures American Civil War Wisconsin Historical Society
1913 Lewis W. Walt (Kansas-born Military Commander in Vietnam) Kansas Authors & Illustrators U.S. Military Figures Vietnam War
Political and Social Leaders
1640 Frederick William (Prussian Elector of Brandenburg) Germany Political and Social Leaders
1810 Cushing Eells (Massachusetts-born Missionary, Founder of Whitman College) Cushing Eells Whitman Mission Religion Education Whitman College Library of Congress
1812 Henry Wilson (New Hampshire-born African-American Abolitionist) New Hampshire Political and Social Leaders U.S. Grant Abolition African-American Registry
1852 William Saunders Scarborough (Georgia-born African-American President of Wilberforce College) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Wilberforce University African-American Registry
1942 Kim Jong Il (North Korean Dictator) Kim Jon Il
Performing Artists
1884 Robert Flaherty (Michigan-born Filmmaker) Michigan Peforming Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1893 Katharine Cornell (New York-born Actress) Katharine Cornell Actors Internet Movie Database
1903 Edgar Bergen (Chicago-born Comedic Actor, Puppeteer) Edgar Bergen Actors
1904 James Baskett (Indiana-born African-American Actor: Uncle Remus) Indiana Performing Artists Actors Walt Disney African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1918 Patty Andrews (Minnesota-born Popular Singer: The Andrews Sisters) Minnesota Performing Artists Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1935 Sonny Bono (Detroit-born U.S. Congressman, Popular Singer: Sonny and Cher) Detroit Performing Artists Popular Musicians U.S. Congress State of Michigan
1955 Margeaux Hemingway (Oregon-born Actress) Oregon Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1957 LeVar Burton (African-American Actor: Host of Reading Rainbow) Actors Reading Rainbow African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
Ice-T (New Jersey-born African-American Rap Musician, Actor) New Jersey Performing Artists Actors Television African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1959 John McEnroe (American Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) John McEnroe International Tennis Hall of Fame Biography.com
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1992 Angela Carter (English Feminist Writer) English Authors Authors Women
2001 William H. Masters (Ohio-born Medical Researcher: Masters and Johnson) Ohio Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1741 Benjamin Franklin Publishes General Magazine, America's First Magazine Benjamin Franklin Journalism Historic First Writer's Almanac
1757 Henry Ellis Replaces John Reynolds as the Royal Governor of Georgia English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1786 James Monroe Marries Elizabeth Kortright James Monroe The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 The African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church Is Officially Chartered as a Protestant Denomination Religion African-American Heritage African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Concordia
1804 Lt. Stephen Decatur Leads a Party into Tripoli Harbor and Boards the Captured 38-gun Frigate US Philadelphia Libya Stephen Decatur Naval History History Channel
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning, visited by but fiew Indians to day,

at Dusk two of the Indians who wint down with Capt Lewis returned, Soon after two others and one man (Capt Lewis) with his feet frosted, and informed that the Inds. who Commited the roberry of the 2 horses was So far a head that they could not be overtaken, they left a number of pars of Mockersons which, the Mandans knew to be Souix mockersons,—

This war party Camped verry near the last camp I made when on my hunting party, where they left Some Corn, as a deception, with a view to induc a belief that they were Ricarras [Recorees - Arikara Indians] . Capt Lewis & party proceeded on down the meat I left at my last Camp was taken.

Ordway: clear cold morning one of our men got lame and turned back. the Indians all returned also,

we proceeded on about 6 mls. to where their was Some lodges where Mr Gravelleens men was Robed last fall by some of the Mandanes. when we came in Site we Saw a Smoak which we expected that they were all their waiting
for another oppertunity to Seel more horses or to attach us.

we then went up the bank of the river a considerable distance above the place in to the bushes. left the horse, sled & baggage even our blankets.

Capt Lewis Sent a Sergt. with a part of the men a little back from the River with orders to advance immediately after hearing the horn Sound which would be the Signal for us to fire in case of an attack.

Capt Lewis went with the rest of the party down the bank of the River untill we came to the lodges, where we found
that they had left place 24 hours before that, & had Set 2 of the largest lodges on fire which caused the Smoak.

I then Sounded the horn the other party came up, we found they had tore down the meat pen which our men had
built & left 2 Elk in it. they took the meat all away, except a fiew small peaces of buffaloe meat which they left in
the small lodge which they broiled.

we found that they had left the River here and took up a Steep bluff in to the praries we concluded not to follow them any further, but to turn in to hunting.

Some proceeded on down the River. 4 men went down this bottom to hunt. we marched about 10 miles and camped
at the upper end of a bottom on S. S. the hunters came up one of them had killed a Deer which he brought in with
him 2 or 3 men of the hunters went out towards evening. one of them killed a deer & a wolf.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Native American Tribes Frost Bite Crime Horses Deer Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Sent Shannon Labiesh and frazier on a hunting excurtion up the Kil-haw-a-nak-kle river which discharges
itself into the head of Meriwethers Bay. no word yet of Sergt. Gass and party.

Bratton is verry weak and complains of a pain in the lower part of the back when he moves which I suppose
proceeds from debility. I gave him barks and Salt peter.

Gibsons fever Still Continues obstinate tho' not verry high; we gave him a dose of Dr. Rushes pills which in maney instancis I have found extreamly efficacious in fevers which are in any measure Caused by the presence of boil.

[Rush's pills, a concoction of Benjamin Rush, Lewis's medical advisor]

the niter has produced a perfuse perspiration this evening and the pils opperated late at night his feaver after which abated almost intirely and he had a good nights rest.

The Indian Dogs are usually small or much more so than the common cur. they are party coloured; black white
brown and brindle are the more usual colours. the head is long and nose pointed eyes Small, ears erect and pointed like those of the wolf, hair Short and Smooth except on the tail where it is as long as that of the Cur dog and streight. the nativs do not eate them, or make any further use of them than in hunting the Elk as has been before observed.

Shannon an Labiesh brought in to us to day a Buzzard or Vulture of the Columbia which they had wounded and
taken alive. I believe this to be the largest Bird of North America.

[California Condor]

it was not in good order and yet it wayed 25 lbs had it have been so it might very well have weighed 10 lbs. more or
35 lbs. between the extremities of the wings it measured 9 feet 2 Inches; from the extremity of the beak to that of
the toe 3 feet 9 inches and a half. from hip to toe 2 feet, girth of the head 9 inches ¾. Girth of the neck 7½ inches; Girth of the body exclusive of the wings 2 feet 3 inches; girth of the leg 3 inches. the diameter of the eye 4½/10ths
of an inch, the iris of a pale scarlet red, the puple of a deep Sea green or black and occupies about one third of the diameter of the eye the head and part of the neck as low as the figures 1 2 is uncovered with feathers except that portion of it represented by dots foward and under the eye.

the tail is Composed of twelve feathers of equal length, each 14 inches. the legs are 4¾ inches in length and of a whiteish colour uncovered with feathers, they are not entirely Smooth but not imbricated; the toes are four in
number three of which are foward and that in the center much the longest; the fourth is Short and is inserted near the inner
of the three other toes and reather projecting foward.

the thye is covered with feathers as low as the Knee. the top or upper part of the toes are imbricated with broad scales lying transversly; the nails are black and in proportion to the Size of the bird comparitively with those of the Hawk or Eagle, Short and bluntly pointed—.

the under Side of the wing is Covered with white down and feathers. a white Stripe of about 2 inches in width, also marks the outer part of the wing, imbraceing the lower points of the feathers, which cover the joints of the wing through their whole length or width of that part of the wing. all the other feathers of whatever part are of a Glossy Shineing black except the down, which is not glossy, but equally black.

the Skin of the beak and head to the joining of the neck is of a pale orrange Yellow, the other part uncovered with feathers is of a light flesh Colour. the Skin is thin and wrinkled except on the beak where it is Smooth.

This bird fly's very clumsily. nor do I know whether it ever Seizes it's prey alive, but am induced to believe it does not. we have Seen it feeding on the remains of the whale and other fish which have been thrown up by the waves on the Sea Coast. these I believe constitute their principal food, but I have no doubt but that they also feed on flesh.

we did not meet with this bird untille we had decended the Columbia below the great falls; and have found them
more abundant below tide water than above. this is the Same Species of Bird which R. Field killed on the 18th of Novr. last and which is noticed on that day tho' not fully discribed then I thought this of the Buzzard Specis.

I now believe that this bird is reather of the Vulture genus than any other, tho' it wants Some of their characteristics particularly the hair on the neck, and the feathers on the legs. this is a handsom bird at a little distance. it's neck is proportionably longer than those of the Hawks or Eagle.

Shannon also brought a Grey Eagle which appeared to be of the Same kind common to the U, States. it weighed
15 pds. and measured 7 feet 7 inches between the extremities of the wings—.

Shannon and Labiesh informed us that when he approached this Vulture after wounding it, that it made a loud noise very much like the barking of a Dog. the tongue is long firm and broad, filling the under Chap and partakeing of its transvirs curvature, or its Sides forming a longitudinal Groove; obtuse at the point, the margin armed with firm cartelagenous prickkles pointed and bending inwards.


Whitehouse: We had hard rain during last night. Three Men were sent out hunting in order to try & kill some fowl or Elk for the sick Men. We are employed at the fort, in making Cloathing &ca.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 Napoleon's Forces Cross the Spanish Border and Capture Pamplona France Spain War McGill University
1826 Louisiana's General Assembly Passes Resolution Opposing the Gradual Emancipation of Slaves Louisiana Slavery Louisiana Secretary of State
1848 Henry David Thoreau Lectures on "The Rights and the Duties of the Individual" Henry David Thoreau American Authors Walden Woods Project American Collection
1852 H & C Studebaker Blacksmith Shop Opens for Business in South Bend, Indiana Indiana Business Automobiles Business & Economics History Channel
1854 Clay County, Georgia's 110th County, Is Created from Portions of Early and Randolph Counties Clay County, Georgia Clay County, Georgia University of Georgia
1855 Faribault, Minnesota Is Platted (Surveyed and Mapped) Faribault, Minnesota Minnesota Maps Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Terrell County, Georgia's 114th County, Is Created from Portions of Lee and Randolph Counties Terrell County, Georgia Terrell County, Georgia University of Georgia
1860 The Minnesota State Agricultural Society Is Incorporated Minnesota Business Farming and Agriculture Minnesota Historical Society
1861 President Lincoln's Train Travels Cleveland to Buffalo: Greeted by Former President Fillmore Ohio Pennsylvania New York Abraham Lincoln Millard Fillmore Railroad Lincoln Papers
1862 14,000 Confederates Surrender to Grant's Troops at Fort Donelson, Tennessee Tennessee Ulysses S. Grant Ft. Donelson History Channel
1864 Federal Troops Raid the Woodstock Mills, Along Florida's St. Mary's River, for Lumber Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
The Waseca County Horse Thief Detectives Are Organized in Wilton, Minnesota Waseca County, Minnesota Horses Crime Minnesota Historical Society
1874 The First Grange Is Organized at Mill Creek Hundred in New Castle County, Delaware New Castle County, Delaware Farming & Agriculture Historic Firsts National Grange State of Delaware
1878 Congress Passes Bland-Allison Act Providing for a Return to Minting Silver Coins U.S. Congress Coins & Currencies The History Channel
1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Holds First Meeting in New York City American Scientists & Mathematicians American Society of Mechanical Engineers
1892 Thomas Edison Is Issued a Patent for a Commutator Brush in Electric Motors Thomas Edison Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Electricity Rutgers University (pdf)
1894 Gunslinger John Wesley Hardin Pardoned after 15 Yrs in TX Prison for Murder John Wesley Hardin Notorious Americans The History Channel
1895 The Alabama State Flag Is Officially Adopted Alabama Alabama Archives
Residents Unanimously Vote to Disband the Utopian Community of New Icaria, in Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Iowa Webster University State Historical Society of Iowa
1897 P. Walker Receives Patent 577,153 for a Cotton Machine for Cleaning Seed Farming & Agriculture Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights African-American Scientists & Inventors St. Louis Public Library
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 General Assembly Calls for Election of Delegates to Virginia's 5th Constitutional Convention Virginia Historic U.S. Documents Virginia General Assembly Virginia Historical Society
1903 The California Golden Poppy, Eschsholtzia Californica, Is Declared the State's Official Flower California California Golden Poppy LearnCalifornia
1905 The First Esperanto Society in the United States Is Established in Boston to Promote International Communication Boston, Massachusetts Esperanto Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1906 Astronomer August Kopff Discovers Asteroid 585 Bilkis German Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Asteroids NASA
Astronomer Joel Metcalf Discovers Asteroids 602 Marianna, 603 Timandra and 604 Tekmessa Pennsylvania Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Asteroids NASA
1907 Carolyn Kline Galland Estate Creates the Seattle Home for the Jewish Aged Seattle, Washington Judaism Economics History Link
1911 City of St. Cloud, Florida Is Incorporated St. Cloud, Florida St. Cloud, Florida Florida Historical Society
1916 Russian Army Captures the Armenian City of Erzerum in the Ottoman Province of Anatolia Armenia Russia World War I The History Channel
1917 West Virginia's Colored Tuberculosis Sanitarium Is Established at Denmar in Pocahontas County Pocahontas County, West Virginia Tuberculosis Racism African-American Heritage WEst Virginia Archives
1918 Lithuanian Declaration of Independence Is Signed Lithuanian Declaration of Independence New York Times
1923 Archaeologist Howard Carter Opens Doorway to King Tut's Burial Chamber Howard Carter Tomb of King Tutankamun Archaeology New York Times
1927 Arthur Jerome Drossaerts Is Consecrated as First Archbishop of Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio San Antonio, Texas Catholicism Religion Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1932 James Markham Receives First Fruit Tree Patent for a Peach Tree Trees Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Historic Firsts U.S. Patent Office
1933 The United States Senate Votes to Repeal Prohibition U.S. Senate 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Drugs and Substance Abuse U.S. Treasury
Czechoslovakia, Romania, Yugoslavia Strengthen Ties in Fear of Germany Czech Republic Slovakia Romania Yugoslavia Nazi Germany Indiana University
1936 Spain's Leftist Popular Front Wins General Election; Manuel Azana Becomes Premier Spain Elections Indiana University
1937 Du Pont Research Chemist, Wallace H. Carothers, Receives Patent for Nylon Trademarks and Patents Synthetic Polymers DuPont Technology and Society
1938 FDR Signs Agriculture Adjustment Act to Steady Agriculture Prices President Franklin Roosevelt Farming & Agriculture Economics The History Channel
1943 American Mildred Harnack Is Guillotined in Germany on Orders from Adolph Hitler for Assisting German Jews and Political Dissidents Nazi Germany Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Judaism Holocaust Capital Punishment World War II Wisconsin Historical Society
1945 American Troops Land on the Island of Corregidor in the Philippines Republic of the Philippines World War II New York Times
American Troops Recapture the Philippines' Bataan Peninsula Bataan Death March World War II The History Channel
1946 Inaugural Flight Is Made of the First Commercial Helicopter, the Sikorsky S51 Aviation History Historic Firsts Royal Australian Air Force Museum
1948 Astronomer Gerard Kuiper Discovers the Uranian Moon Miranda Gerard Kuiper Space and Astronomy Uranus NASA
NBC-TV Airs Its First Nightly Newscast Consisting of Fox Movietone Newsreels Television History Journalism Film Historic Firsts New York Times
1949 Private Felix Longoria Is Buried in Arlington National Cemetery After Denied Burial in Three Rivers, Texas Three Rivers, Texas World War II Racism Hispanic Military Figures Texas State Historical Association
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Josef Stalin Charges the United Nations Has Become a "Weapon of War" United Nations Josef Stalin The Cold War History Channel
1955 General Electric Laboratories Announce Production of Synthetic Diamond General Electric Diamonds Historic Firsts LeMoyne University
1959 Fidel Castro Sworn in As Premier of Cuba after Overthrow of Fulgencio Batista Fidel Castro BBC History Channel Writer's Almanac South African History
1960 The U.S. Nuclear Submarine Triton Begins an Underwater Round-the-World Trip Submarines Cold War U.S. Navy
1965 NASA Launches the First Pegasus Satellite to Study Potential Hazards to the Apollo Moon Missions Space Exploration NASA Florida Historical Society
1968 The Nation's First 911 Emergency Telephone System Is Placed from the Mayor's Office in Haleyville, Alabama Alabama Telephone Health Care Crime Historic Firsts 911Dispatch.com
1970 Joe Frazier KOs Jimmy Ellis for World Heavyweight Boxing Championship International Boxing Hall of Fame Noted African American Sports Figures Britannica
1972 British Miners' Strike Turns off the Lights Great Britain Labor Energy BBC Greenwich Guide
1978 Statue Honoring Reconstruction-Era African-American Legislators Unveiled at Georgia's State Capitol Georgia's Political and Social Leaders Art Reconstruction African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1979 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 14 in Peru Peru Earthquake Death USGS
Bee Gees Receive Grammy for Best Album of 1978 for Saturday Night Fever Barry Gibb Popular Music Grammy The History Channel
1980 Scott Hamilton Wins the Gold Medal for Men's Figure Skating in Lake Placid Scott Hamilton Figure Skating 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid USA Today
1984 Bill Johnson Wins the Sarajevo Olympic Gold Medal in Downhill Skiing Oregon Sports Figures Skiing 1984 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid USA Today New York Times
1987 Trial of Treblinka Death Camp's "Ivan the Terrible" Begins in Israel Israel The Holocaust War Crimes Law & Legal Resources Vanderbilt
1989 Investigators Determine Bomb Inside Cassette Player Cause of Pan Am Explosion over Scotland Scotland Pan Am 103 Disaster Terrorism Death New York Times
South Africa's United Democratic Front Disowns Winnie Mandela South Africa Nelson Mandela South African History
1991 Former Nicaraguan Contra Leader, Enrique Bermudez, Is Assassinated in Managua Nicaragua Iran-Contra Scandal Death New York Times
1992 Israeli Air Assault Kills Hezbollah General Secretary Abbas Musawi in Lebanon Israel Lebanon Terrorism Death Vanderbilt
1994 First Successful Fetal Surgery Performed without Opening the Mother's Body Medical Research Historic Firsts Vanderbilt
1999 Kurds Seize European Embassies after Turkey Arrests Leader Abdullah Ocalan Turkey European History CNN
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2001 Albanian Extremists Kill Seven Serbs with Bomb on a Kosovo Bus Bosnia Terrorism Death BBC
2005 Provisions of the Kyoto Environmental Protocol Are Placed into Effect Kyoto Protocol National Public Radio
2011 Watson, an IBM Computer, Soundly Defeats Two Human Champions in the Television Game Show 'Jeopardy' Television Computer Technology Historic Firsts IBM National Public Radio