for

FEBRUARY 17

 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. In which state was Michael Jordan born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame was born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, on what date did Marian Anderson make her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a classical composer or performer born on this date:
SON READ RAIN MAN
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which jazz pianist died on this date in 1982? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to National Women's Hall of Fame, where did Marian Anderson first travel to gain recognition? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Congressional Hunger Center, in what year did Mickey Leland found the House Select Committee on Hunger? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1981 work by Thelonious Monk (according to the All Music Guide discography):
USE SUCH IF MOO

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to BlackEnterprise.com, what magazine named Earl G. Graves as one of the 200 future leaders of the country?

2. According to the Library of Congress, a 1942 fellowship allowed Gordon Parks to go to Washington, D.C. and work for what organization?

3. According to the History Channel, the Missouri Compromise, passed by the U.S. Senate on this date in 1820, allowed Missouri to enter the union without restriction on slavery, in exchange for which state entering the Union as a free state?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a book written by Gordon Parks about his life (according to the New York Writers Institute):
CIOS HIM TERROR VINE
 
Black History Month
 
Separation Bar
Gordon Parks
Gordon Parks

Photographer

Earl G. Graves, Sr.
Earl G. Graves, Sr.

Business Leader

Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson

Opera Singer

Mickey Leland
Mickey Leland

Social and Political Leader

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
Born on This Date 1963

Basketball Player
 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
http://www.myfloridahistory.org/library/flahistory/february
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 Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1864 Andrew Barton Paterson (Australian Poet, Songwriter, Children's Author) Andrew Barton Paterson Poetry Music Young-adult Authors
1879 Dorothy Canfield Fisher (Kansas-born Children's Author) Kansas Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1912 Alice Mary Norton (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Virginia Sorenson (Utah-born Children's Author Awarded the 1957 Newbery Medal for Miracles on Maple Hill) Utah Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors 1957 Newbery Medal for Miracles on Maple Hill
1928 Robert Newton Peck (Vermont-born Children's Author) Robert Newton Peck Young-adult Authors
1929 Chaim Potok (New York City-born Jewish Writer, Translator, Educator, Artist, Children's Author) Chaim Potok Judaism Young-adult Authors
1948 Susan Beth Pfeffer (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1857 S. S. McClure (Irish-American Editor Who Developed the Technique of "Muckraking") S. S. McClure Journalism
1881 Bess Streeter Aldrich (Iowa-born Author) Iowa Authors & Illustrators
1903 Sadeq Hedayat (Iranian Playwright; Father of Modern Persian Fiction) Sadeq Hedayat Plays
1904 Hans J. Morgenthau (German-American Political Scientist) Germany Politics History
1920 Elleston Trevor (English Author) Elleston Trevor
1936 Gustavo Adolfo Becquer (Spanish Poet) Spanish Authors and Illustrators Poetry
Artists
1774 Raphaelle Peale (Maryland-born Artist) Raphaelle Peale American Artists
Classical Composers and Performers
1653 Arcangelo Corelli (Italian Violinist, Composer) Italian Composers Classical Musicians Composers
1902 Marian Anderson (Pennsylvania-born African-American Operatic Singer) Marian Anderson Opera Famous African American Performing Artists
1920 Paul Fetler (Pennsylvania-born Composer) Pennsylvania Composers American Composers
1926 Lee Hoiby (Wisconsin-born Composer) Wisconsin Composers American Composers Wisconsin Historical Society
Business Leaders
1843 Aaron Montgomery Ward (New Jersey-born co-Founder of Montgomery Ward Mail Order Company) Montgomery Ward American Business Leaders
1874 Thomas J. Watson (New York-born Business Leader Responsible for Building IBM) Thomas J. Watson Computer Technology IBM
1889 H.L. Hunt (Illinois-born Entrepreneur, Investor Who May Have Been the World's Richest Man) Illinois Business Leaders
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1781 René Laennec (French Physician Who Invented the Stethoscope) René Laennec Medicine Inventors and Inventions
Political and Social Leaders
1938 Mary Frances Berry (Tennessee-born African-American Lawyer, Educator, Rights Activist) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Human Rights/Civil Rights African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1941 Wellington Webb (Chicago-born First African-American Mayor of Denver, Colorado) Denver, Colorado Chicago Political & Social Leaders Politics African American Political & Social Leaders African American Registry
1942 Huey P. Newton (Louisiana-born African-American Rights Activist; Founder and Leader of the Black Panther Party) Louisiana Political & Social Leaders U.S. Civil Rights Famous African American Political & Social Leaders African American Registry
1951 Patricia de Lille (South African Leader of the Independent Democrats) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
Performing Artists
1925 Hal Holbrook (Ohio-born Actor) Ohio Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1934 Alan Bates (English Actor) Alan Bates Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1945 Brenda Fricker (Irish Actress) Irish Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1954 Rene Russo (California-born Actress) California Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1962 Lou Diamond Phillips (American Actor) Philippino Performing Artists Actors Film Hispanic Perfroming Artists Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1908 Red Barber (Mississippi-born Broadcaster; Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Red Barber Journalism Radio Baseball Hall of Fame
1936 Jim Brown (Georgia-born African-American Member of the Professional Football hall of Fame) Jim Brown Famous African American Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
1959 Ambrose "Rowdy" Gaines (Florida-born Member of the International Swimming Hall of Fame) Florida Sports Figures Swimming 1984 Los Angeles Olympics Official Web Site
1963 Michael Jordan (New York City-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Michael Jordan Famous African American Sports Figures Basketball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1600 Giordano Bruno (Italian Philosopher, Poet Burned at the Stake for Heresy) Giordano Bruno Philosophy Religion Catholic Encyclopedia
1763 Molière (French Dramatist) French Authors Plays
1898 Frances E. Willard (New York-born Temperance and Women's Suffrage Activist) New York Political and Social Leaders Drugs and Substance Abuse Women's Rights Women's Suffrage Concordia
1909 Geronimo (Apache Warrior, Chief) Geronimo Native-American Studies
1913 Joaquin Miller (Indiana-born Poet) Indiana Authors & Illustrators American Authors Poetry American Collection
1982 Lee Strasberg (Polish-American Drama Teacher) Lee Strasberg Actors Educators of Note
Thelonious Monk (North Carolina-born African-American Jazz Pianist, Composer) Thelonious Monk Jazz American Composers Noted African American Performing Artists
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1600 Italian Philosopher Giordano Bruno Is Burned at the Stake for Heresy in Rome's Campo dei Fiori Giordano Bruno Philosophy Religion Catholic Encyclopedia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1776 Continental Congress Approves a Standing Committee of Five to Superintend the Treasury Department Continental Congress U.S. Treasury
1782 British Navy Engages the American-allied French in the First of Five Indian Ocean Battles Great Britain France American Revolution Naval History History Channel
1783 Georgia's House of Assembly Allocates Land Entitlements for Georgia Veterans of the Revolutionary War Georgia American Revolution University of Georgia
1784 Georgia's House of Assembly Enacts New Legislation for the Distribution of Public Land Georgia University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 U.S. House of Representatives Selects Thomas Jefferson As President U.S. House of Representatives Aaron Burr John Adams Thomas Jefferson 1801 Presidential Election
1804 The First Steam Locomotive, the Penydarren, Is Given a Test Run Great Britain Steam Engines Railroad Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1805 The City of New Orleans Is Incorporated and Its First Election Is Held New Orleans Elections Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of  State
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: this morning worm & a little Cloudy, the Coal & his Son visited me to day with about 30 w. of Drid Buffalow meat, & Some Tallow Mr. McKinsey one of the N W. Compys. Clerks visited me (one of the hoses the Sous robed
a fiew Days past belonged to this man) The after part of the day fair,

Ordway: all hands able to walk went out to hunt in different directions. aiming to drive the Game in to the bottom of wood as much as possable So that the best hunters who was in the bottom might kill them. they all returned in the evening had killed 10 deer and 4 Elk. packed Some of them in hung up the remainder on trees so as to keep the wolves from it.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Native American Tribes Horses Deer Deer Wolves

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Collins and Windser were permited to hunt to day towards the praries in point Adams with a view to obtain Some fresh meat for the Sick.

a little before noon Shannon and Labiesh & frazier Came with the flesh and hide of an Elk which had been wounded by Serjt. Gasses party and took the water where they pursued it and cought it. they did not See Sergt. Gass or any of his party or learn what further Sucksess they have had.

Continu the barks with Bratten, and Commenced them with gibson his feaver being Sufficiently low this morning to permit the use of them. I think therefore that there is no further danger of his recovery.—.

at 2 P. M. Joseph Field arrived from the Salt works and informd us that they had about 2 Kegs of Salt on hand (say 3 bushels) which with what we have at this place we suppose will be Sufficient to last us to our deposit of that
article on the Missouri. we directed a party of Six men to go in the morning in order to bring the salt and Kittles to the Fort.

at 4 P. M. Serjt. Gass and party arrive; they had killed 8 Elk. Drewyer and Whitehouse also return late in the evening, they had killed one Elk, part of the meat of which they brought in with them.


Gass: The day was stormy; we set out for the fort, and arrived there in the afternoon. We found the sick men at the fort, and still very bad. One of the men brought word from the salt works, that they had made about four bushels of salt; and the Commanding Officers thought that would be sufficient to serve the party, until we should arrive at the Missouri where there is some deposited.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 In Ohio, Miami University Is Chartered Ohio Education Education Miami University Ohio Historical Society
1815 The Treaty of Ghent Goes into Effect, Formally Ending the War of 1812 Great Britain Treaty of Ghent War of 1812 Minnesota Historical Society
1817 Baltimore Is First U.S. City Lit by Gas Baltimore, Maryland U.S. History Historic Firsts New York Times
1818 In Arkansas, U.S. Land Offices Are Established at Davidsonville and Arkansas Post Arkansas U.S. Government Arkansas History Commission
1820 U.S. Senate Passes the Missouri Compromise Missouri Maine U.S. Senate The Missouri Compromise History Channel
1821 Louisiana General Assembly Passes Resolution to Build the State's First Penitentiary Louisiana Prisons Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of  State
1827 Virginia's General Assembly Passes Its Responsibility for Reviewing Divorce Petitions to the Courts Virginia Laws and Legal Resources Virginia Historical Society
Chester Stone Receives the First U.S. Patent for a Washing Machine Inventors and Inventions Patents and Trademarks History of Technology Historic Firsts USPTO
1836 Abraham Lincoln Completes His Year-Long Surveying of the Town of Petersburgh, Illinois Petersburg, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Petersburg, Illinois Lincoln Papers
1838 The Indiana State Legislature Approves the Organization of Jasper and Whitley Counties Indiana Indiana Historical Society
1844 First Lt. William Tecumseh Sherman Begins His Military Career at Marietta, Georgia Marietta, Georgia William Tecumseh Sherman American Military Figures University of Georgia
1861 President-elect & Mrs. Lincoln Attend Church in Buffalo, NY with Former President Fillmore Buffalo, New York Abraham Lincoln Millard Fillmore Religion Lincoln Papers
1863 President Lincoln Transmits to Congress a Treaty with the Potawatomi Indians in Kansas Kansas U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Potawatomi Indians Lincoln Papers
West Virginia's Constitutional Convention Adopts Amendment for Gradual Emancipation West Virginia Slavery Historic U.S. Documents West Virginia Archives
1864 Confederate Hunley Is First Sub to Sink an Enemy Ship: The Union Housatonic American Civil War Naval History Historic Firsts Alabama Almanac
The First Michigan Colored Infantry Is Mustered into Federal Service Michigan Military Figures American Civil War African American Military Figures State of Michigan
Union Forces Destroy a Large Salt Works Near St. Marks, Florida Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
The Confederacy Authorizes Fourth Printing of Currency, Amounting to $200 Million of Notes American Civil War Currency U.S. Treasury
1865 General Sherman's Army Ransacks and Razes Columbia, SC Columbia, SC William Tecumseh Sherman American Civil War History Channel
U.S.S. Mahaska Captures the Schooner Delia Off the Coast of Bayport, Florida Bayport, Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Signs Proclamation Convening Congress for an Extra Session U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Signs the Army Commission for His Son Captain Robert Lincoln Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1868 Martial Law Is Revoked in Greene and Craighead Counties, Arkansas Arkansas U.S. Government Arkansas History Commission
1870 Wyoming's Esther Hobart Morris Is First Woman to be Appointed Justice of the Peace Wyoming Political and Social Leaders Law & Legal Resources Women Historic Firsts Wyoming State Government
1874 Modoc County, California Is Created from an Eastern Section of Siskiyou County Modoc County, California Modoc County, California California Association of Counties
1881 Norman County, Minnesota Is Established in Honor of the Homeland of the Area's Norwegian Settlers Norway Norman County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1882 Virginia's Governor William Cameron Initiates the "Oyster War" to Rid the Chesapeake Bay of non-Virginian Oyster Men Virginia Business Fishing Law & Legal Resources Virginia Historical Society
1889 White Sox Baseball Player-turned-Evangelist, Billy Sunday, First Preaches in Chicago Chicago Iowa Political and Social Leaders Baseball Religion Concordia
1894 The Seattle Branch of the Young Women's Christian Association Is Founded Seattle, Washington Women Historic Firsts YWCA of Seattle History Link
John Phillip Sousa's Band Plays in Portland, Oregon Portland, Oregon John Phillip Sousa Popular Music SalemOregon.com
1897 National Congress of Mothers (precursor of PTA) Meets in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Parents and Parenting The National PTA Historic Firsts New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1904 Puccini's Opera Madame Butterfly Premieres in Milan at the Teatro alla Scala Giacomo Puccini Opera Historic Firsts New York Times American Public Media
1905 Philippine Military Academy Opens as Philippine Constabulary Officers School The Republic of the Philippines The Philippine Military Academy
1906 Idaho Authorities Arrest Union Leaders in Colorado for Governor's Assassination Idaho Colorado Labor Unions Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1911 The First Self-Starter Is Installed in a Cadillac Charles Kettering Cadillac History Channel
1915 German Zeppelin L-4 Crash-Lands in the North Sea Near the Danish Coastal Town of Varde World War I Blimps History Channel
1921 Sister Carmela Hanggi, Principal of Cathedral School in St. Paul, Founds the School Safety Patrol in Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota Education Minnesota Historical Society
1929 The League of United Latin American Citizens Is Founded in Corpus Christi, Texas Corpus Christi, Texas Hispanic Heritage League of United Latin American Citizens Texas State Historical Association
1930 The El Paso Museum of Art Is Chartered El Paso, Texas Museums Art El Paso Museum of Art Texas State Historical Association
1933 First Issue of "Newsweek" Magazine Published Journalism Newsweek New York Times
1934 The First Driver's Ed Course Offered at State College High School, PA Pennsylvania Automobiles Education Historic Firsts History Channel
1944 U.S. Attack Devastates Japan's Truk Naval Base, Caroline Islands Japan Aviation History World War II National Park Service
U.S. Troops Land on Eniwetok Atoll The Marshall Islands The Atomic Bomb World War II History Channel
1947 Voice of America Begins Broadcasts to Russia Russia Radio The Cold War War Voice of America History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1959 Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes Survives Air Crash Near London That Kills 12 Turkish Political and Social Leaders Great Britain Air Disasters Death BBC
U.S. Launches Vanguard 2 Rocket with Earth-Orbiting Satellite to Measure Cloud Distribution Space Exploration Earth & Environmental Science Clouds NASA
First Boy Is enrolled at Florida Sheriffs' Ranch Founded for Homeless Boys 8-18 Years of Age Florida Child Advocacy Historic Firsts Florida Sheriffs Youth Ranches Florida Historical Society
1960 Alabama Prosecutors Issue an Arrest Warrant for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. for State Tax Fraud Alabama Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Crime Taxes African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1964 Supreme Court Rules Congressional District Populations Must Be Nearly Equal U.S. Congress U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Voting and Elections New York Times
1965 Gambia Gains Independence as the Smallest Sovereign State in Africa Gambia Great Britain BBC
NASA Launches the Ranger 8 Spacecraft to Photograph the Lunar Surface Up to Impact Space Exploration Lunar Exploration Photography NASA
Massachusetts Officials Remove What Is Left of the Abandoned Wooden Tramway to the Summit of Mt. Holyoke Massachusetts Transportation Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1968 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Opens in Springfield, Massachusetts Springfield, Massachusetts Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame
Jean-Claude Killy Wins His Third Gold Medal in Alpine Skiing at the Grenoble Winter Olympics French Sports Figures Skiing 1968 Winter Olympic Games New York Times
1972 President Richard Nixon Departs for Historic Trip to China China President Richard Nixon The Cold War New York Times
In Minnesota, the U.S. Government Files a Suit Against Reserve Mining Company for Polluting Lake Superior Minnesota Business U.S. Government Rivers and Lakes Earth & Environmental Sciences Crime Minnesota Historical Society
15,007,034th VW Beetle Breaks Ford Model T Production Record Volkswagen Economics & Business History Channel
1973 USS Jesse L. Brown Is Commissioned in Honor of the first African-American Naval Aviator Jesse L. Brown Aviatiors Korean War African American Military Figures African American Registry
1974 A Portrait of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Is Unveiled at the Georgia State Capitol Georgia Dr. Martin Luther King Jr Art African-American Heritage University of Georgia
1977 The Archbishop of Cape Town Condemns South Africa's Apartheid Society as Morally Indefensible Capetwon, South Africa Apartheid Religion South African History
1978 An Irish Republican Army Bomb Kills 12 People and Injures 30 in a Northern Ireland Restaurant Northern Ireland Terrorism Death BBC
1979 Chinese Troops Invade Northern Provinces of Vietnam Vietnam China History Channel BBC
1985 In Louisville, Kentucky, Dr. William DeVries, Implants the Third Jarvik-7 Artificial Heart Louisville, Kentucky Medical Research Artificial Hearts Intellihealth
1986 Anne Tyler's The Accidental Tourist Wins National Book Critics Circle Award Anne Tyler Literary Awards National Book Critics Circle Award History Channel
1987 Sri Lankan Tamils Seeking Asylum Stage Protest Against Deportation at London's Heathrow Airport Sri Lanka Great Britain Human Rights/Civil Rights Heathrow Airport BBC
1992 Members of the Azanian People's Liberation Army Kill Three South African Policemen South Africa Terrorism Death South African History
1996 8.2 Magnitude Earthquake and Tsunami Kill 108 in Indonesia's Irian Jaya Region Indonesia Earthquakes Tsunami Death USGS
NASA's Launches Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Spacecraft to Orbit the Asteroid Eros NASA Space Exploration Asteroids Official Webiste
Garry Kasparov Defeats IBM's Deep Blue Chess-playing Computer Garry Kasparov Computer Technology Chess New York Times
1998 U.S. Women's Hockey Team Wins Gold at 1998 Nagano Winter Olympics Japan 1998 Nagano Winter Olympics Ice Hockey CNN
Historic Events that on this date from 2000 to present
2002 New Transportation Security Administration to Supervise U.S. Aviation Security U.S. Government Offices and Agencies Aviation War on Terrorism Transportation Security Administration
Chris Witty Wins a Gold Medal in Speed Skating's 1000m at the Salt Lake City Olympic Winter Games in World Record Time of 1:13.82 Wisconsin Sports Figures Speed Skating 2002 Winter Olympics Wisconsin Historical Society
2006 A Mudslide Buries a Remote Village on the Southern Philippine Island of Leyte: 1,800 Die Republic of the Philippines Death CNN
2008 The Province of Kosovo Declares Independence From Serbia Serbia NPR
2009 President Obama Signs the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act into Law President Barack Obama Presidents of the United States Labor Economics Historic U.S. Documents CNN