for

FEBRUARY 19

 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What is the name of the African-American dancer who was born in Kentucky on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was Lugenia Burns Hope born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. On this date in 2002, in what event did Vonetta Flowers become the first African American to win a gold medal in the Winter Olympics? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written by Virginia Hamilton (according to Houghton Mifflin):
AGE THEN RIGHT
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 1988, who was installed as the first African-American Catholic Bishop in Texas? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Internet African American History Challenge, where did Mary Elizabeth Bowser work as a servant while conducting espionage for the Union? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to PBS, what case did Thurgood Marshall argue before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Hale Woodruff work (according to Artcyclopedia):
MAUL RUSTY NOTE

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Georgia, how many delegates attended the Pan-African Congress organized in Paris by W.E.B. DuBois on this date 1919?

2. According to Buffalo University, in what college sport did Dick Gregory excel?

3. According to the International Boxing Hall of Fame, how many times did Joe Louis successfully defend his world heavyweight title?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a song written by Smokey Robinson and recorded by The Temptations (according to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame):
GRIMLY
 
Black History Month
 
Separation Bar
Hale Woodruff
Hale Woodruff

Artist

Mary Elizabeth Bowser
Mary Elizabeth Bowser

Union Spy in the American Civil War

Dick Gregory
Dick Gregory

Comedian/Social Activist

Thurgood Marshall
Thurgood Marshall

First African-American Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court

Joe Louis
Joe Louis

International Boxing Hall of Fame

 
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Nepal: National Democracy Day (Rastriya Prajatantra Divas)
(Commemorates establishment of Nepal's constitutional monarchy: 02/18/1951)
`Nepal `Google
Turkmenistan: National Flag Day
(Observed since 02/19/1995: coincides with birth date of President Saparmurad Niyazov)
Turkmenistan `U.S. Department of State
Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1903 Louis Slobodkin (New York-born Children's Author, Illustrator, Sculptor) New York Authors and Illustrators Primary Authors Artists Univeristy of Southern Mississippi 1944 Caldecott Medal Winner for Many Moons
1908 Mildred Lee (Alabama-born Children's Author) Alabama Authors and Illustrators Young-Adult Authors
1940 Jill Krementz (New York City-born Photographer, Children's Author) Jill Krementz Primary Authors Photography
1971 Jeff Kinney (Maryland-born Young-Adult Author) Jeff Kinney Young-Adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1766 William Dunlap (New Jersey-born Father of the American Theater, Author, Poet, Artist, Playwright) New Jersey-born Authors Plays Poetry American Collection
1833 Élie Ducommun (Swiss Journalist: 1902 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Swiss Authors Journalism 1902 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1902 Kay Boyle (Minnesota-born Novelist, Short-Story Writer) Kay Boyle
1917 Carson McCullers (Georgia-born Novelist, Short-Story Writer) Carson McCullers
1945 Clifton L. Taulbert (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Mississippi Authors American Authors African-American Authors Official Web Site Mississippi Writers Project
1952 Amy Tan (California-born Asian-American Author) Amy Tan Asian American Authors
1960 Margaret McMullan (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors Mississippi Writers Project
Artists, Architects and Designers
1868 Edward Sheriff Curtis (Wisconsin-born Photographer) Wisconsin Artists Photography Wisconsin Historical Society
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1743 Luigi Boccherini (Italian Composer, Cellist) Italian Composers Composers
1880 Arthur Shepherd (Idaho-born Composer) Idaho Composers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1473 Nicolaus Copernicus (Prussian Polish Astronomer) Nicolaus Copernicus Space & Astronomy The Solar System
1789 William Fairbairn (Scottish Pioneer of the Industrial Revolution) Scottish Scientists & Inventors Inventors and Inventions Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1826 Jesse Hiatt (Iowa-born Developer of the Delicious Apple) Iowa Scientists & Mathematicians Apples Farming and Agriculture Madison County, Iowa Iowa State Historical Society
1859 Svante Arrhenius (Swedish-born 1903 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Svante Arrhenius Chemistry 1903 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1880 Roscoe Harrison (North Carolina-born African-American West Virginia Physician, Hospital Founder) North Carolina Scientists & Mathematicians West Virginia Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Profession African-American Scientists & Mathematicians West Virginia Archives
Military Leaders
1821 Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (Kentucky-born Union General) Kentucky Military Leaders American Civil War History Channel
Philsopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1808 Harvey Warren Cox (Illinois-born First President of Emory University) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Emory University University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1594 Henry Prince of Wales (Eldest Son of England's King James I) English Political and Social Leaders King James I Luminarium Chambers Book of Days
1683 Philip V, King of Spain Spain
1794 James Brown Ray (Kentucky-born Governor of Indiana) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Indiana Political and Social Leaders CountyHistory.com
1806 David Walker (Kentucky-born Chief Justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court) Kentucky Political and Social Leaders Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Law Arkansas History Commission
1840 Andrew R. McGill (Pennsylvania-born 10th Governor of Minnesota) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Rudolf Stammler (German Legal Philosopher) German Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Philosophy
1871 Lugenia Burns Hope (Missouri-born Civil Rights Advocate) Lugenia Burns Hope Civil Rights African American Political and Social Leaders
1960 Prince Andrew, Duke of York British History British Royalty
Performing Artists
1717 David Garrick (English Actor, Theater Manager) English Performing Artists Actors Historic UK
1902 John Bubbles (Kentucky-born African-American Dancer, Entertainer) John Bubbles Dance Famous African Americans
1911 Merle Oberon (British-American Actress) British Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1912 Stan Kenton (Kansas-born Musician, Orchestra Leader) Kansas Performing Artists Popular Musicians Biography.com New York Times
1924 Lee Marvin (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1930 John Frankenheimer (New York-born Film Director) New York Performing Artists Actors Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1940 Smokey Robinson (Detroit-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Smokey Robinson Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African American Performing Artists
1943 Lou Christie (Pennsylvania-born Popular Singer: "Two Faces Have I") Pennsylvania Performing Artists Popular Musicans Internet Movie Database
1955 Jeff Daniels (Georgia-born Actor) Georgia Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1966 Justine Bateman (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1967 Benicio Del Toro (Puerto Rican-born Actor) Puerto Rican Performing Artists Actors Film Latin-American Studies Biography.com
Sports Figures
1916 Eddie Arcaro (Ohio-born Horse Racing Jockey) Ohio Sports Figures Horse Racing
1957 Dave Stewart (California-born Baseball Player) California Sports Figures Baseball African American Sports Figures
1962 Hana Mandlikova (Czech Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) Czech Republic Sports Figures International Tennis Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1808 David Emanuel (Pennsylvania-born Governor of Georgia; Namesake of Emanuel County, Georgia) Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Emanuel County, Georgia American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1860 William Napier (English Military Historian) English Authors Authors Chambers Book of Days
1936 John Hope (First African-American President of Morehouse College: 1906-1931) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educator's of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders Morehouse College University of Georgia
1996 Charles Finley (Alabama-born Owner of the Oakland Athletics Baseball Team) Alabama Sports Figures Baseball Business
1997 Deng Xiaoping (Leader of the Peoples' Republic of China) Deng Xiaoping
2001 Stanley Kramer (New York City-born Movie Producer, Director) New York City Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
2002 Virginia Hamilton (Ohio-born Children's Author) Virginia Hamilton Young-adult Authors Famous African Americans
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1672 Isaac Newton's "Theory of Color and Light" Is Published in the Journal of the Royal Society Isaac Newton Physics Light Imperial College of London
1674 Charles II of England Signs Treaty of Westminster, Ending War with the Dutch Charles II The Netherlands Historic World Documents European History War New Netherlands Project
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1777 The Continental Congress Promotes Five Junior Officers Ahead of General Benedict Arnold Benedict Arnold Continental Congress Revolutionary War History Channel
1781 The Town of Natick, Massachusetts Is Incorporated Natick, Massachusetts Natick, Massachusetts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 President Thomas Jefferson Approves Ohio's Entry into the Union as the 17th State Ohio Thomas Jefferson United States Ohio Historical Society
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Sergt. Ordway Set out again with a party to the Salt works by land.

in the evening Sergt. Gass returned with the flesh of Eight Elk, and Seven Skins haveing left one Skin with Shannon and Labiche who remained over the Netul to Continue the chase.

we devided the Skins between the messes in order that they might be prepared for Covering the baggage when se Set out in the Spring. our

Sick appear to Strengthen but Slowly I gave Bratten 6 of Scotts pills which did not work him. he is very weak and Complains of his back.


Ordway: a hard Storm of wind and rain myself and Six more of the party Set out eairly to go by land to the Salt works to bring in the Salt & baggage we proced. on to the praries crossed the prarie where the land is in ridges like the waves the frozen rain beat in our faces verry hard. we got on the coast crossd. a river where we waided to our middles and was glad to git in an old Indian house where we made a fire and Stayed all night. Sand flew & waves rold.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1807 Former U.S. Vice President, Aaron Burr, Is Arrested in Alabama for Treason (Later Acquitted) Alabama Aaron Burr U.S. Government Crime History Channel Court TV Alabama State Archive
1825 Louisiana Returns the State Capital to New Orleans New Orleans Louisiana Secretary of  State
The Florida Intelligencer, Tallahassee's First Newspaper, Begins Operation Tallahassee, Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1838 Illinois Native, Rachel Plummer, Rejoins Her Husband After Being Held Captive by Comanches for More Than a Year Illinois Pioneers and Explorers Commanche Indians Westward Expansion Texas State Historical Association
1846 The First Legislature of the State of Texas Is Convened in Austin Austin, Texas Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
Crew of the British Sloop Modeste Provide the First Known Theatrical Performance in Oregon Oregon Stage & Theater Historic Firsts SalemOregon.com
1847 Rescuers Reach the Survivors of the Donner Party California Donner Party Oregon Trail History Channel
1851 The U.S. Congress Sets Aside 48,080 Acres for a State University in Minnesota Minnesota Education U.S. Congress Education University of Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Hamilton Smith (Gambier, OH) Receives a Patent for a Tin-Type Camera Ohio Inventors Photography Inventions Patents University of Southern California
1858 Nisqually Chief Leschi Is Hanged for Murder at Washington State's Fort Steilacoom Washngton Nisqually Indians Capital Punishment History Link
1859 Craighead County, Arkansas Is Created Craighead County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II Issues the Emancipation Reform Abolishing Serfdom Russian Political & Social Leaders Labor Source (pdf)
1878 Thomas Edison Receives Patent for the Phonograph Thomas Edison Patents and Trademarks The Phonograph History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society USPTO
1881 Kansas Is the First State to Prohibit All Alcoholic Beverages Kansas Drugs and Substance Abuse Historic Firsts New York Times
1884 60 Tornados Kill 420 People in Seven Southeastern U.S. States Tornados Death NOAA
1889 Dade County, Florida Voters Approve the Relocation of the County Seat from Miami to Juno Dade County, Florida Voting Florida Historical Society
1897 The Women's Institute Is Founded in Ontario, Canada by Mrs Adelaide Hoodless Ontario, Canada Women Labrador Straits Museum
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 The Name of Alaska's Fort Wrangel Post Office Is Changed to Wrangell , Wrangell, Alaska Alaska Historical Society
The Minnesota Legislature Names the Pink-and-White Lady Slipper (Cypripedium Reginae) the State Flower Minnesota Government flowers.gif Minnesota Historical Society
1906 W K Kellogg Founds the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company W.H. Kellogg Businesses & Corporations Foods and Nutrition Kellogg Detroit News
1909 Teamsters Local 174 is Chartered in Seattle, Washington Seattle, Washngton Teamsters Local 174 History Link
1910 Delaware Blue Hen Basketballer Liston A. Houston Scores 52 Points in a Game Against Lebanon Valley. Delaware Sports Figures Basketball University of Delaware Basketball State of Delaware
1915 British and French Battleships Attack the Dardanelles Strait Separating Europe and Asia in Northwestern Turkey Turkey Great Britain France Naval Military History World War I History Channel
1919 W.E.B. Dubois Organizes First Pan-African Congress in Paris to Influence Peace Talks W.E.B Dubois Pan-African Congress World War I University of Georgia
1928 The Entire State of Minnesota Is Darkened by a Dust Storm Minnesota Farming and Agriculture Great Depression Minnesota Historical Society
1932 William Faulkner Completes His Novel Light in August William Faulkner American Authors Mississippi Writers Project
1936 Manuel Azaña Forms a New Popular Front Cabinet in Spain Spanish Government League of Nations Archive
1937 Italian Troops Raid the Ethiopian Capital of Addis Ababa Ethiopia Italy World History South African History
The Flag of the Netherlands Is Adopted by Order in Council #93 Netherlands CRW Flags
1942 Bali, in the Dutch Indies (Indonesia), and Port Darwin, Australia Are Attacked by Japanese War Planes Indonesia Australia Japan Aviation History World War II Asian History
Japanese Troops Land on Timor Japan World War II Australian War Memorial
President Franklin Roosevelt Signs Executive Order 9066 Directing the Internment of Japanese Americans President Franklin Roosevelt Japanese Americans World War II History Channel History Link
1945 30,000 U.S. Marines Land on the Pacific Island of Iwo Jima Japan Battle for Iwo Jima History Channel New York Times
1949 Ezra Pound Wins the First Bollingen Prize for Poetry Ezra Pound Poetry University of Pennsylvania
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1953 Georgia Law Is Enacted to Prohibit the Sale of Obscene Literature Georgia Government Literature Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
William Inge's Picnic Makes Its Broadway Debut at the Music Box Theatre New York City William Inge Plays Internet Broadway Database
1959 Britain, Turkey and Greece Sign Agreement Granting Cyprus Its Independence Cyprus Great Britain Turkey Greece New York Times
1960 Bil Keane's Family Circus Cartoon Strip Debuts Bil Keane Comics and Cartoons BookRags
1961 Demonstrators London to Protest the Murder of Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister of Congo Congo Political and Social Leaders London, England BBC
1962 U.S. Conducts 1.9 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1963 Soviet Union Informs President Kennedy It Will Withdraw Several Thousand Troops from Cuba Cuba Soviet Union Cuban Missile Crisis The Cold War New York Times
1966 Joe Paterno Is Selected to be the Head Football Coach for Penn State University Pennsylvania Sports Figures Football Penn State Football New York Times
1968 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 20 and Destroys 500 Homes on Islands in the Aegean Sea Earthquakes Death USGS
More Than 35,000 of Florida's 58,000 Educators Go Out on Strike Florida Education Labor Job Actions Historic Firsts Jacksonville University
1970 The Chicago Seven Are Fined and Sentenced (Later Overturned) The Chicago Seven Law and Legal Resources History Channel
1976 NASA Launches MARISAT 1, the First of a Series of COMSAT Maritime Communications Satellites Space Exploration Naval History NASA
1977 France Conducts 5-20 kT Underground Nuclear Test on Mururoa Atoll France The Cold War Nuclear Wepaons Geoscience Australia
Stevie Wonder Wins Grammys for Best Album and for Best Male Pop Vocalist Michigan Performing Artists Blindness African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Grammy Awards History Channel
1981 George Harrison Fined $587,000 for "My Sweet Lord" Plagiarism George Harrison The Beatles Copyright Crime Popular Music
1982 USSR Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Wepaons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1984 USSR Conducts 20-150 kt Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Wepaons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
Twins, Phil and Steve Mahre (Yakima, WA), Win Gold and Silver Medals in the Olympic Men's Slalom Washington Sports Figures Skiing 1984 Winter Olympic Games New York Times
1985 The First National Medals of Technology Awarded to 14 Americans President Ronald Reagan History of Technology Historic Firsts Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
1986 When Yasser Arafat Rejects U.N. Resolutions Jordan Severs Ties with the PLO Jordan Palestine United Nations U.S. Department of State
1987 Ronald Reagan Lifts U.S. Trade Boycott Against Poland Poland Ronald Reagan Television News Archive
1988 Louisiana Native Curtis Guillory Is Installed as the First African-American Catholic Bishop in Texas Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Catholicism African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1992 U.S. Recognizes Azerbaijan, Tadjzikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Tadjzikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan George Bush Presidential Library
1997 19-month Detroit Newspaper Strike Ends Detroit Labor Actions Journalism Michigan State University History Channel
1998 Russia's Soyuz TM-26 Lands to Complete 198-day MIR Mission Russian Space Program Space Exploration Astronautix
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to Present
2002 Vonetta Flowers Is the First African-American to Win a Gold Medal in a Winter Olympics 2002 Winter Olympic Games African-American Sports Figures African American Registry CNNSI
2008 Fidel Castro Resigns As Cuba's President/Commander in Chief Fidel Castro CNN
2010 Pope Benedict XVI Approves Mother Mary MacKillop as Australia's First Saint Australia Catholic Saints Historic Firsts National Public Radio