for

FEBRUARY 20

 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What is the name of the former slave who was elected to the Texas State Senate on this date in 1874? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was Charles Barkley born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Salisbury Post, how old was Gloria Jean Pinkney when her mother died? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an African-American performing artist born on this date:
NOSY CLAN WIN
INTERMEDIATE

1. Which state declared martial law on this date in 1869 due to a crisis with the Ku Klux Klan? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Library of Congress, on what kind of ships did Crispus Attucks apparently work as a sailor for 20 years? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Famous Texans, in what town was Scott Joplin probably born? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of piano rag by Scott Joplin (according to Famous Texans):
HE TAINT REENTER

EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, what disease did Wilma Rudolph contract as a child?

2. According to the Library of Congress, what was the name of the school that Mary McLeod Bethune opened in Daytona Beach, Florida?

3. According to the Internet African American History Challenge, in what year did Frederick Douglass escape to freedom?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a movie in which Sidney Poitier appeared (according to the History Channel):
HO FLIED LIFE TILES
 
Black History Month
 
Separation Bar
Gloria & Jerry Pinkney
Gloria Pinkney
Jerry Pinkney

Crispus Attucks
Crispus Attucks

Martyr of the Boston Massacre

Scott Joplin
Scott Joplin

Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune

Educator

Wilma Rudolph
Wilma Rudolph

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
Icon
National Cherry Pie Day
`Foods & Nutrition National Cherry Festival
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1923 Rosemary Harris (English Children's Author) English Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1933 Mary Blount Christian (Texas-born Children's Author) Texas Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1974 Malin Alegria (California-born Latin-American Young-Adult Author) Malin Alegria Young-adult Authors Latin-American Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1883 Shiga Naoya (Japanese Author) Japanese Authors and Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1886 Peter Freuchen (Danish Author) Danish Writers
1888 Georges Bernanos (French Novelist)  Georges Bernanos
1893 Russel Crouse (Ohio-born Playwright, Director) Russel Crouse Plays
1912 Pierre Boulle (French Novelist and Short-Story Writer) Pierre Boulle
1925 Alex La Guma (South African Novelist, Short-Story Writer, Essayist) Alex La Guma
1935 Ellen Gilchrist (Mississippi-born Novelist) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators
1943 Mike Leigh (English Playwright, Director) English Authors Plays
1949 Jason Berry (New Orleans-born Journalist) New Orleans Authors and Illustrators Journalism
Artists and Photographers
1902 Ansel Adams (San Francisco-born Photographer of the American West) Ansel Adams Photography
1920 Gloria Vanderbilt (New York City-born Designer) New York City Artists and Designers American Artists Biography.com
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1874 Mary Garden (Scottish Operatic Soprano) Scottish Performing Artists Opera
1908 Ruby Elzy (Mississippi-born African-American Operatic Vocalist) Mississippi Performing Artists Opera African American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African African Registry
1911 Robert McBride (Arizona-born Composer) Arizona Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1844 Ludwig Boltzmann (Austrian Mathematician) Ludwig Boltzmann Calculus
1901 René Dubos (French Bacteriologist Who Discovered Tyrothricin, the First Commercially Produced Antibiotic) René Dubos Bacteria
1946 George F. Smoot (Florida-born Astrophysicist; 2006 Nobel Laureate for Physics) George Smoot Space and Astronomy 2006 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1888 Benjamin (Ben) T. Epps (Georgia-born Aviator) Georgia Explorers, Pioneers and Aviators Aviators University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1805 Angelina Grimke (South Carolina-born Abolitionist, Suffragist) South Carolina Political and Social Leaders Abolition Women's Suffrage
1827 Edward Stuyvesant Bragg (New York-born Member of the U.S. Congress from Wisconsin) New York Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Wisconsin Historical Society
Notorious Americans
1954 Patty Hearst (San Francisco-born Heiress to the Hearst Publishing Empire) San Francisco Notorious Americans
Performing Artists
1829 Joseph Jefferson (Pennsylvania-born Comedic Stage Performer) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Stage & Theater Library of Congress
1898 Jimmy Yancey (Chicago-born African-American Boogie-Woogie Pianist; Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Jimmy Yancey Jazz African American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1924 Sidney Poitier (Florida-born African-American Awarded 1964 Academy Award for Lead Male Actor) Sidney Poitier Actors Film African American Performing Artists 1964 Academy Award for Lilies of the Field
1925 Robert Altman (Missouri-born Filmmaker: "M*A*S*H") Missouri Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1928 Bettye Miller (Missouri-born African-American Singer) Missouri Performing Artists Popular Musicians Famous African Americans African African Registry
1937 Nancy Wilson (Ohio-born African-American Popular Singer) Ohio Performing Artists Popular Musicians Famous African Americans African African Registry
1941 Buffy Sainte-Marie (Canadian Native-American Folk Singer, Songwriter) Canadian Performing Artists Cree Indians Folk Musicians Internet Movie Database
1943 Mike Leigh (English Director, Writer, Actor) English Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1945 Andrew Bergman (New York City-born Film Writer, Director, Producer) New York City Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database Wisconsin Historical Society
1946 Brenda Blethyn (English Actress) English Performing Artists Actors Film Television Biography.com
Sandy Duncan (Texas-born Singer, Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1948 Jennifer O'Neill (American Model, Actress) Born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1967 Kurt Cobain (Washington-born Popular Musician, Singer) Washington Performing Artists Popular Musicians Biography.com
Sports Figures
1928 Elroy Face (New York-born Major League Baseball Pitcher) New York Sports Figures Baseball
1934 Bobby Unser (Colorado-born Race Driver) Colorado Sports Figures Auto Racing
1942 Phil Esposito (Canadian Member of the Hockey Hall of Fame) Canadian Sports Figures Hockey Hall of Fame
1937 Roger Penske (Ohio-born Race Driver, Automobile Designer) Ohio Sports Figures Auto Racing
1963 Charles Barkley (Alabama-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Alabama Sports Figures Basketball African-American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1790 Joseph II (Austrian-born Holy Roman Emperor) Austrian Political and Social Leaders Catholicism
1862 William Wallace (Willie) Lincoln (12-year-old Son of President Abraham Lincoln) Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
1893 Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (Louisiana-born Confederate General) Louisiana Military Figures American Civil War American Military Figures Louisiana Secretary of State
1895 Frederick Douglass (Maryland-born African-American Slave, Journalist, Civil Rights Activist) Frederick Douglass Slavery Civil Rights/Human Rights Journalism African-American Political and Social Leaders
1919 Habibullah Khan (Amir of Afghanistan: Assassination) Afghanistan History Channel
1940 Abdullah Abdurahman (Black Muslim Founder of the Anti-Apartheid African People's Organization (APO)) South African Political and Social Leaders Apartheid South African History
1961 Percy Grainger (Australian-American Composer, Pianist) Australian Composers American Composers Classical Musicians
1972 Walter Winchell (New York City-born Broadcaster) New York City Radio Journalism History Channel
1993 Ferrucio Lamborghini (Italian Auto Maker) Ferrucio Lamborghini Automobiles Technology  and Society
2010 Alexander Haig (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Military Leader, Secretary of State) Alexander Haig President Richard Nixon President Gerald Ford President Ronald Reagan U.S. Secretary of State U.S. Military
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1547 Edward VI Crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey Succeeding Henry VIII English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy Bradford National Grid for Learning
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1722 Georg Frederick Handel's Water Music Is First Performed Georg Handel Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1725 New Hampshire Colonists Scalp a Band of Encamped Native Americans New Hampshire Colonial New Hampshire Native American Heritage History Channel
1792 U.S. Congress Passes the Presidential Succession Act American Presidency Law and Legal Resources U.S. Senate
President Washington Signs Post Office Act, Establishing U.S. Postal Service George Washington U.S. Postal Service U.S. History History Channel
1796 Jefferson County and Lincoln County Are Created as Georgia's 23rd and 24th Counties Georgia Jefferson County, Georgia Lincoln County, Georgia University of Georgia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Detachment Orders from Clark: While the commanding office and Captain Clark are absent from camp, the party will be commanded by Serg. Ordway. The sawyers are still working to cut enough planks. The blacksmiths are still working also. The four men are still working to make sugar and will do so until told otherwise. The practicing party will continue to discharge only one round each per day, which will be done under the direction of Serg. Ordway. All practices will be at the same target, and at the same distance of fifty years off hand. During each practice, the
person who makes the best shot receives a gill of extra whiskey. Floyd will take charge of our quarters and store and be exempt from guard duty until our return.
Missouri Illinois Camp DuBois
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Permited Collins to hunt this morning he returned in the evening unsucksessfull as to the chase, but brought with him Some Cramberries for the Sick.

Gibson is on the recovery fast; Bratten has an obstinate Cough and pain in his back and Still appears to be getting weaker. Willard has a high fever and complains of the pain in his head and want of appetite.

The forenoon we were visited by Tâh-cum a principal chief of the Chinnooks and 25 men of his nation. we had never Seen this Chief before

he is a good looking man of about 50 years of age reather larger in Statue than most of his nation; as he came on a friendly visit we gave himself and party something to eate and plyed them plenty fully with Smoke. we gave this chief a small Medal with which he Seamed much pleased.

in the evening at Sunset we desired them to depart as is our custom and Close our gates. we never Suffer parties of Such numbers to remain within the Fort all night; for not withstanding their apparent friendly disposition, their great averis and hope of plunder might induce them to be treacherous.

at all events we are determined always to be on our guard, as much as the nature of our Situation will permit us, and never place our selves at the mercy of any Savages. we well know, that the treachery of the Aborigenes of America and the too great confidence of our country men in their friendship and fadility has caused the distruction of maney hundreds of us. so long has our men been accustomed to a friendly intercourse with the nativs, that we find it dificult to impress on their minds the necessity of always being on their Guard with respect to them.

this confidence on our part we know to be the effect of a serious of a friendly and unintorupted intercourse. but the well Known treachery of the natives by no means entitle them to Such confidence, and we must check it's groth in our own minds as well as those of our men, by recollecting our selves, and repeating to our men, that our preservation depends on our never loseing Sight of this trate in their character, and being always prepared to meet it in whatever Shape it may present itself.—.


Ordway: the wind continued verry high from the S. W. we Set out eairly and proced. on along the coast faceing the wind the Sand cut our faces waided a creek rapid curret about noon we arived to the Salt works and bought a little Ecoley [whale meat] and oil &C from the natives. the waves roles verry high and white froth flying &C.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 U.S. Supreme Court Rules the Power of the Federal Government Is Greater Than an Individual State U.S. Supreme Court Laws and Legal Resources Constitutional Law New York Times
1811 Austria Declares National Bankruptcy Austria Economics National Bank of Austria
1816 Rossini's Opera, "The Barber of Seville," Is First performed in Rome at the Teatro Argentina, with the Composer Conducting Rossini Composers Opera Historic Firsts State Opera of Prague American Public Media
1827 Felix Mendelssohn's "A Midsummer Night's Dream" Overture Is First Performed Felix Mendelssohn A Midsummer Night's Dream Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1834 The Steamboat Little Rock Hits a Snag and Sinks at Morrilton, Arkansas Morrilton, Arkansas Steamboats Arkansas History Commissiion
1835 8.5 Magnitude Earthquake and Tsunami Devastate Concepción, Chile Chile Earthquakes Tsunami University of California Santa Barbara
1839 U.S. Congress Prohibits Dueling in District of Columbia Washington, D.C. U.S. Congress Laws and Legal Resources New York Times
U.S. House of Representatives Considers Request to Admit Florida Territory as a State Florida U.S. House of Representatives Florida Historical Society
Seminole Indians Kill Two Members of the 3rd U.S. Artillery Near Fort Lauderdale, Florida Fort Lauderdale, Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1842 Indiana's First Medical School Opens as a Department of LaPorte University LaPorte County Education Medicine Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1852 The Springfield Republican Publishes Emily Dickinson's "Sic transit" Valentine Emily Dickinson American Authors Poetry Journalism American Collection
1854 Calhoun County Is Created as Georgia's 112th County Calhoun County, Georgia Calhoun County, Georgia University of Georgia
Georgia Legislation Limits Use of White Child Labor Under 21 from Sunrise to Sunset Georgia Child Advocacy Child Labor Laws and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1861 President-elect Lincoln Spends Long Day in New York City Meeting Dignitaries, Attending Functions New York City Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
1862 President Lincoln's Son Willie Dies in the White House Abraham Lincoln Death Lincoln Papers
1863 President Lincoln Spends Morning Meeting Chiefs of Chippewa Indians Abraham Lincoln Chippewa Indians Lincoln Papers
1864 Confederates Defeat Union Troops at the Battle of Olustee, Florida Olustee, Florida Battle of Olustee History Channel Florida Historical Society
1865 Confederates and Union Troops Battle to a Draw at Fort, Myers, Florida Fort, Myers, Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1869 Tennessee Governor Brownlow Declares Martial Law in Ku Klux Klan Crisis Tennessee Racism Law and Legal Resources Notorious Americans TNGenWeb
1871 7.0 Earthquake Is Centered Near Lanai, Hawaii Hawaii Earthquakes
Texas' Governor Declares Martial Law to Control Racial Violence in Walker County Walker County, Texas Racism Law and Legal Resources Walker County, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1873 University of California Medical School Is Established California Education Medicine University of California Medical School Intellihealth
1874 Texas State Senate Confirms the Election of Former Slave, Walter Moses Burton Texas Political and Social Leaders Slavery Elections African-American Political and Social Leaders Texas State Historical Association
1883 Cleburne County, Arkansas Is Created Cleburne County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commissiion
1887 The Federated Trades Council of Milwaukee Is Founded to Organize Craft Unions in the City Milwaukee, Wisconsin Labor Organizations Wisconsin Historical Society
1889 Florida State Board of Health Is Created, Following Yellow Fever Epidemic in Jacksonville Florida Yellow Fever Florida Historical Society
1893 Oregon's State Legislature Creates Lincoln County Out of the Siletz Indian Reservation and the Western Part of Benton County Lincoln County, Oregon SalemOregon.com
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Falls Into Receivership Railroads Businesses & Corporations History Channel EconEdLink
1895 U.S. Congress Authorizes a Denver, Colorado Mint for Gold and Silver Coin Production Colorado U.S. Congress Currencies U.S. Mint U.S. Treasury
1899 The White Pass & Yukon Route's First Passenger Train Reaches White Pass in Canada Alaska Canada Railroad Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1905 The New Mexico Assembly Creates the Mounted Police New Mexico Government Law Enforcement New Mexico Magazine
1909 The Hudson Motor Car Company Is Organized Michigan Automobiles Business State of Michigan
1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition Opens in San Francisco to Celebrate the Completion of the Panama Canal Panama San Francisco Panama Canal Exploratorium Learn California
Robert Frost's North of Boston is Published by Henry Holt and Company Robert Frost American Authors Poetry American Collection
1919 Habibullah Khan, Leader of Afghanistan, is Assassinated While on a Hunting Trip Afghanistan Death History Channel
1932 Japanese Troops Occupy Tunhua, China China Japan World History
1933 U.S. House of Representatives Completes Action on Amendment to Repeal Prohibition U.S. House of Representatives 18th Amendment New York Times
1938 Anthony Eden Resigns as British Foreign Secretary in Dispute with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Neville Chamberlain New York Times
1939 Washington's Seattle-Everett Electric Interurban Railway Is Closed Washington Railroad History Link
1942 Lt. "Butch" O'Hare, U.S. Navy's First Flying Ace, Downs 5 Japanese Bombers Missouri Military Leaders Aviation History WWII Ace Pilots History Channel
1943 The All-American Girls Baseball League Is Formed with Franchises in Kenosha and Racine, Wisconsin Wisconsin Sports Figures American Women Sports Figures Baseball Wisconsin Historical Society
1946 Natal Indian Congress Calls for Day of Prayer to Protest Oppression in South Africa South Africa India Racism South African History
1949 The First Bollingen Prize for Poetry Is Awarded to Ezra Pound for His The Pisan Cantos Ezra Pound American Authors Poetry Bollingen Prize for Poetry Writer's Almanac
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 Dylan Thomas Arrives in New York for His First of Four U.S. Reading Tours Dylan Thomas New York City Authors Writer's Almanac History Channel
Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy Claims to Have Names of 81 U.S. Government Officials Engaged in Communist Activity Joseph McCarthy McCarthyism Wisconsin Historical Society
1952 African Queen Opens at Capitol Theater in New York City Katherine Hepburn Humphrey Bogart Film Internet Movie Database
1956 Eugene O'Neill's Long Day Journey into Night Is Published Posthumously by Yale University Press Eugene O'Neill American Authors American Collection
1960 In Richmond Virginia, a Woolworth's Department Store Closes Its Lunch Counter Rather Than Serve 34 African-American Students From Virginia Union University Richmond Virginia Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Registry Virginia Historical Society Virginia Historical Society
1962 John Glenn Is the First American to Orbit the Earth John Glenn NASA BBC History Channel New York Times
1965 NASA's Ranger 8 Sends Thousands of Pictures & Crashes into Lunar Surface Lunar Exploration Photography NASA
1968 Senate Committee Begins Investigation of U.S. Vietnam Policy U.S. Senate Vietnam War History Channel
1970 Georgia Legislature Finally Ratifies the 19th Amendment Granting Women the Right to Vote Georgia Women Women's Suffrage 19th Amendment University of Georgia
1971 Idi Amin Takes Political Control of Uganda Idi Amin African African Registry
1974 Editor of the Atlanta Constitution Is Kidnapped and Held for Ransom Georgia Journalism Crime History Channel
1975 USSR Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
NASA Launches Intelsat 4 F-6 Telecommunications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
1976 Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) Disbands World History History Channel
1980 President Carter Announces U.S. Boycott of the Moscow Olympics Soviet Union Jimmy Carter The Olympics
1984 Eudora Welty's One Writer's Beginnings Is Published by Harvard University Press Eudora Welty American Authors Mississippi Writers
1986 Soviets Launches into Orbit 20-ton Core Module for MIR Space Station Russian Space Program Space Exploration Technology  and Society NASA
Iowa Is the 18th State to Require Seat Belts Iowa Auto Safety Law and Legal Resources Historical Society of Iowa
1988 American, Brian Boitano, Wins the Gold Medal in Figure Skating at the Calgary Winter Olympics California Sports Figures Figure Skating Hall of Fame 1988 Winter Olympics Historic Firsts New York Times
1989 Total Eclipse of the Moon The Moon NASA
1992 South African President F W de Klerk Announces March 17 Referendum to Test White Support for Reforms F W de Klerk Apartheid Voting South African History
1995 West Virginia State Senate Designates the Golden Delicious Apple as the Official State Fruit West Virginia Apples West Virginia Archive
1996 H&R Block Announces Plans to Offer Public Shares in CompuServe Business & Corporations H&R Block Motley Fool
1998 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1 in the Afghanistan-Tajikistan Border Region Afghanistan Tajikistan Earthquakes Death USGS
15-year-old American Figure Skater, Tara Lipinski, Is the Youngest Gold Medalist in Winter Olympics History Pennsylvania Sports Figures Figure Skating 1998 Winter Olympics Historic Firsts CNN