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The United Nations
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Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. How many performances did Ain't Misbehavin' have before it closed on this date in 1982? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What performing group debuted on American Bandstand on this date in 1970? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, in 1966 Barbara Jordan was the first African-American women elected to what organization? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an African-American performing artist born on this date:

1. In what year was Malcolm X assassinated on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Library of Congress (Today in History), how old was Phillis Wheatley when her first poem was published by a Rhode Island newspaper? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Sacramento Bee, what is Florence Griffith-Joyner's world record time in the 100m dash? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Phillis Wheatley poem beginning with the word "On" (according to the University of Oregon):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the National Park Service, what was probably Lewis Latimer's most important patent?

2. According to Gale Group, what were the gross revenues for Spike Lee's film "Malcolm X"?

3. According to the Gale Group, what committee was Barbara Jordan a member of when it conducted an investigation into the impeachment of President Nixon?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a Spike Lee film (according to the Gale Group):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Picture of this person
Phyllis Wheatley

Picture of this person
Lewis Latimer

Inventors & Inventions

Picture of this person
Spike Lee


Barbara Jordan
Barbara Jordan
Born on This Date 1936

Florence Griffith Joyner
Florence Griffith Joyner

USA Track and Field Hall of Fame

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: International Mother Language Day
(Commemorates five students killed marching for Bangla as a Bangladesh state language: 02/21/1952)
`Bangladesh World Languages UNESCO
Bangladesh: Martyrs' Day (Shaheed Dibosh)
(Commemorates five students killed marching for Bangla as a Bangladesh state language: 02/21/1952)
`Bangladesh `U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1933 Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve (South Dakota-born Native-American Children's Author) Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve Sioux Indians
1936 Patricia Hermes (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1943 Jim Aylesworth (Florida-born Children's Author) Jim Aylesworth Young-adult Authors
1946 Ruthanne Lum McCunn (San Francisco-born Children's Author) Ruthanne Lum McCunn Young-adult Authors
1954 Victor Martinez (California-born Latin-American Poet, Children's Author) Victor Martinez Poetry Young-adult Authors Latin-American Studies
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1821 Charles Scribner (New York City-born Publisher) Charles Scribner
1852 Brander Matthews (New Orleans-born Literary Critics, Essayist, Professor) New Orleans Authors and Illustrators
1885 Sacha Guitry (Russian-born French Movie Producer, Playwright, Actor) Russian Writers French Writers Playwright Film
1903 Raymond Queneau (French Poet and Author) Raymond Queneau Poetry
Anaïs Nin (French-American Novelist, Critic, Diarist) Anaïs Nin
1907 W.H. Auden (English-American Poet Award 1948 Pulitzer Prize in Poetry) W.H. Auden Poetry 1948 Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for The Age of Anxiety: A Baroque Eclogue
1927 Erma Bombeck (Ohio-born Writer, Humorist) Erma Bombeck
1939 Steven E. Ozment (Mississippi-born Historian) Mississippi Authors & Illustrators World History
1956 Ha Jin (Chinese-American Novelist) Chinese Authors & Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1962 David Foster Wallace (New York-born Novelist) New York Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1895 Henrik Dam (Danish-born 1943 Nobel Laureate for Physiology and Medicine) Danish Scientists & Mathematicians 1943 Nobel Laureate for Physiology and Medicine
1909 Helen Octavia Dickens (Ohio-born African-American Physician) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Medicine African Americans Scientists and Mathematicians African American Registry
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1801 John Henry Newman (British Catholic Cardinal, Philosopher) John Henry Newman Catholicism Philosophy
Political and Social Leaders
1805 David Tod (Governor of Ohio) Ohio Political and Social Leaders National Governors Association Ohio Historical Society
1858 Walter Benson Rubusana (South African Founder of the African National Congress) South African Political and Social Leaders South African History
1932 Harold V, King of Norway Norway
1936 Barbara Jordan (Texas-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Barbara Jordan U.S. House of Representatives African American Political and Social Leaders
1940 Gaston Caperton (Governor of West Virginia) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders Politics West Virginia Archives
John Lewis (Alabama-born African-American Civil Rights Activist; Member of the U.S. Congress from Georgia) John Lewis Georgia Political and Social Leaders Civil Rights/Human Rights U.S. House of Representatives African American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry University of Georgia
Performing Artists
1894 Andrés Segovia (Spanish Guitarist) Andrés Segovia International Musician Hispanic Heritage
1915 Ann Sheridan (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1917 Tadd Dameron (Ohio-born African-American Jazz Pianist) Ohio Performing Artists Jazz African American Performing Artists African American Registry
1925 Sam Peckinpaugh (California-born Film Director) California Performing Artists Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1931 Larry Hagman (Texas-born Actor) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1933 Nina Simone (North Carolina-born African-American Jazz Vocalist, Pianist) Nina Simone Jazz African American Performing Artists
1938 Richard Beymer (Iowa-born Actor) Iowa Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1943 David Geffen (New York-born Film/Music Executive) New York Performing Artists Filmmakers
1946 Tyne Daly (Wisconsin-born Actress) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1955 Kelsey Grammer (American Actor) Born in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands Actors Film Television
1958 Mary-Chapin Carpenter (New Jersey-born Popular Singer) Mary Chapin Carpenter Country Musicians Internet Movie Database
1979 Jennifer Love Hewitt (Texas-born Actress) Jennifer Love Hewitt Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1903 Thomas Yawkey (Michigan-born Owner of the Boston Red Sox; Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Michigan Business Leaders Business and Economics Baseball
1958 Alan Trammell (California-born Major League Baseball Player) California Sports Figures Baseball
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1513 Pope Julius II (Italian-born Roman Catholic Pope) Italian Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Concordia
1632 Benedict Spinoza (Dutch Philosopher) Benedict Spinoza Philosophy
1910 Mark Twain (Missouri-born Humorist, Novelist, Journalist) Mark Twain American Authors Journalism
1938 George Ellery Hale (Chicago-born Astronomer) Chicago Scientists and Mathematicians Space, Astronomy & Cosmology
1945 Eric Liddell (English Olympic Champion Runner: Subject of Chariots of Fire) English Sports Figures Track and Field Olympics
1965 Malcolm X (Nebraska-born Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist: Assassination) Malcolm X U.S. Civil Rights Movement Famous African Americans
1998 Grandpa Jones (Kentucky-born County Musician, Comedian) Kentucky Performing Artists Television
1999 Gertrude Elion (New York City-born 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physiology and Medicine) Gertrude Elion Medical Research 1988 Nobel Laureate for Physiology and Medicine
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1100s that Occurred on this Date
1173 Pope Alexander III Canonizes Thomas a Becket English Political and Social Leaders Catholic Saints Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1683 In New Castle, Delaware, William Penn Naturalizes 116 Swedish and Dutch Immigrants William Penn New Castle, Delaware Immigration State of Delaware
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1702 England's William III Is Fatally Injured by Fall from Horse English Political and Social Leaders British Royalty Horses Greenwich Guide
1787 U.S. Congress Calls for a Convention to Revise the Articles of Confederation U.S. Congress Constitutional Convention of 1787 University of Georgia
1795 French Law 3 Ventôse Passes Restoring Separation of Church and State France French Revolution Religion Judaism Catholic Encyclopedia
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1803 The British Return the Cape of Good Hope to the Dutch under the Treaty of Amiens South Africa The Netherlands Great Britain South African History
1804 The First Locomotive Is Run for the First Time in Wales Wales Railroads Historic Firsts Technology and Society
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Delightfull Day put out our Clothes to Sun—

Visited by the big white & Big man they informed me that Several men of their nation was gorn to Consult their Medison Stone about 3 day march to the South West to know What was to be the result of the insuing year— They have great confidence in this Stone and Say that it informs them of every thing which is to happen, & visit it every Spring & Sometimes in the Summer [This stone is on Medicine Hill, in Medicine Rock State Historic Site in Grant County, North Dakota, south of Elgin. A sandstone outcrop at the site is covered with pictographic paintings and petroglyphic carvings.] —"They haveing arrived at
the Stone give it Smoke and proceed to the wood at Some distance to Sleep
the next morning return to the Stone, and find marks white & raised on the
Stone representing the piece or war which they are to meet with, and other changes, which they are to meet" This Stone has a leavel Surface of about 20 feet in Surcumfrance, thick and pores," and no doubt has Some mineral qualtites effected by the Sun. The Big Bellies
[Hidatsa or Gross Ventre Indians] have a Stone to which they ascribe nearly the Same Virtues

Capt Lewis returned with 2 Slays loaded with meat, after finding that he could
not overtake the Souis war party, (who had in their way distroyd all the meat at one Deposit which I had made & Burnt the Lodges) deturmined to proceed on to the lower Deposit, which he found had not been observed by Soux he hunted
two day Killed 36 Deer & 14 Elk, Several of them So meager, that they were
unfit for use, the meet which he killed and that in the lower Deposit amounting to about 3000 wt was brought up on two Slays, one Drawn by 16 men had about 2400 wt on it

Ordway: clear and pleasant. two hunters Stayed to find and take care of the meat 2 Elk which was left in the woods, and to hunt Some. we Set off eairly and proceeded on verry fast. the Snow and Ice thoughed on the River considerable So that it was wet & Slopy halling the Sled. we pushed on and arived at the Fort before Sunset with all our meat and Skins &.C. the men generally fatigued halling a heavy load 21 miles on the hard Ice & Snow in places which made the Sleds run hard except where the Ice was Smoth under—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Native American Tribes Deer Elk

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Visited this morning by three Clatsops, who remained with us all day; they are great begers; Capt Lewis gave one of them a fiew nedles with which he appeared much gratified, in the evening late they departed.

Drewyer and Collins went in pursute of Some Elk the tracks of which Collins had discovered yesterday; but it rained So hard they Could not pursue them by the tracks, and returned unsucksessfull. Drewyer Saw a fisher but it escaped from him among the fallen timber.

Sergt. Ordway returned with the party from the Salt Camp which we have now avacuated. they brought with them the Salt and utensels. our Stock of Salt is now about 20 Gallons; 12 Gallons we had Secured in 2 Small iron bound
Kegs and laid by for our voyage.

Gave Willard a dose of Scots pills; they opperated very well. Gibson Still Continus the bark 3 times a day and is on the recovery fast.

Ordway: we Set out eairly with all the Salt and baggage. took an Indian canoe and crossed the River and travelled verry hard. when we got half way Set in to Storming & rained verry hard & the wind blew So high that we could not cross the creek in a canoe and waided across and got to the Fort about half past 12 oClock. much fatigued and I am at this time verry Sick, and wet to my Skins waiding the Slashes and marshes. the day verry disagreeable and Stormey &C. the party who went after Elk meat brought it in on evening of 19th inst.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1824 Indians of the Santa Barbara Revolt to Protest Mistreatment at Santa Inez and La Purisima Missions California Native American Heritage California Missions La Purisima Missions
1828 The Cherokee Nation Publishes the First Edition of the Cherokee Phoenix Georgia Cherokee Nation Journalism Historic Firsts The History Channel University of Georgia
1842 John Greenough Receives First U.S. Patent for a Sewing Machine Inventors & Inventions Patents Historic Firsts
1838 Angelina Grimké Presents the State Legislature Anti-slavery Petitions Signed by 20,000 Massachusetts Women Massachusetts South Carolina Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders Abolition Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1848 Marx and Engels Communist Manifesto Is Published in London Karl Marx Literature The History Channel
John Quincy Adams Suffers a Stroke in the U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives John Quincy Adams Stroke The History Channel
1853 Act of Congress Authorizes Production of a Three-dollar Gold Coin U.S. Congress Currencies Gold U.S. Treasury
1855 Henderson, Minnesota Is Incorporated and Named for the Aunt (Margaret Brown Henderson) of Its Founder, Joseph R. Brown Henderson, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Georgia's General Assembly Changes the Name of Kinchafoonee County to Webster County Webster County, Georgia Webster County, Georgia University of Georgia
1857 U.S. Issues Flying Eagle Cents Currencies U.S. Treasury
Congress Outlaws Foreign Currencies as Legal Tender in U.S. U.S. Congress Law and Legal Resources Currencies U.S. Treasury
1861 President-elect Lincoln Speaks to the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly in Trenton Trenton, New Jersey President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Papers
President-elect Lincoln Greets Well-Wishers in Philadelphia Philadelphia, Pennsylvania President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Papers
President-elect Lincoln Learns of Plot to Assassinate Him in Baltimore Baltimore, Maryland President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Lincoln Papers
1862 Confederate Victory Brings Heavy Casualties at Battle of Valverde, New Mexico New Mexico Battle of Valverde National Park Service New Mexico Magazine
Convicted Slave Trader, Nathaniel Gordon of Maine, Is Executed by Hanging in New York City New York City Notorious Persons of Maine Slavery Capitol Punishment The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
1864 U.S.S. Para Captures Confederate Steamer Hard Times on Florida's St. Marys River Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Navajo Indians Led, by Herrero Grande, Surrender to American Troops at Canyon de Chelly Arizona Navajo Indians Canyon de Chelly
1865 Confederates Unsuccessfully Attack Fort Myers, Florida, Killing One Union Solider, Capturing Nine Fort Myers, Florida American Civil War Death Florida Historical Society
John Deere Receives Patent for Ploughs Farming & Agriculture Inventors & Inventions Patents John Deere USPTO
1866 Lucy Hobbs Is First Woman Graduate from a U.S. Dental School Education Medical Profession Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1877 The Wisconsin State Assembly Passes a Bill Incorporating the City of Manitowoc Manitowoc, Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society
1878 First Telephone Book Is Issued by the District Telephone Co, New Haven, Connecticut Connecticut Telephone Historic Firsts New York Times
1884 Albert J. Russell Assumes the Office of Florida Superintendent of Public Instruction Florida Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Florida Department of Education Florida Historical Society
1885 Washington Monument Is Dedicated in Washington, D.C. Washington Monument Washington, D.C. National Park Service The History Channel
1887 Oregon Is First State to Declare Labor Day a Holiday Oregon Labor Day Historic Firsts U.S. Department of Labor
Hoagland Laboratory Is Incorporated in Brooklyn, N.Y. as the First True Bacteriology Laboratory New York City Medical Research Bacteria Historic Firsts Intellihealth
1893 Slaughter, Washington Is Renamed Auburn Auburn, Washington Auburn, Washington History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1902 Town of Dalhart Becomes the County Seat of Dallam County, Texas Dalhart, Texas Dalhart, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1905 The National Ski Association is Organized in Ishpeming, Michigan Ishpeming, Michigan Skiing U.S. Ski Association State of Michigan
1916 The Battle of Verdun Begins France World War I The History Channel Merriam-Webster
5.2 Magnitude Earthquake Near Waynesville Is Largest in North Carolina's Recorded History North Carolina Earthquakes USGS
1917 607 Black South African Soldiers Perish in the English Channel as the S.S. Mendi Sinks South African Military Figures World War I Death South African History
1924 Carl Ben Eielson Makes the First Official Air Mail Flight in Alaska Flying From Fairbanks to McGrath Alaska Aviation U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
1925 New Yorker Magazine Is First Published Journalism The New Yorker Magazine Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
Fred and Augie Duesenberg Organize the Duesenberg Motor Car Company in Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis, Indiana Automotives Business Indiana Historical Society
1931 Alka Seltzer Is Introduced Drugs, Medicines, Supplements Alka-Seltzer Historic Firsts
F. Scott Fitzgerald's "Babylon Revisited," a Short Story, is Published in the Saturday Evening Post F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors Journalism American Collection
1937 San Diego Inventor, Waldo Waterman, Successfully Tests the First Flying Automobile California Scientists & Inventors Inventors & Inventions Automobiles Aviation History Historic Firsts Technology and Society
1940 Fire Destroys a Winter Circus Headquarters in Rochester, Indiana Rochester, Indiana Circus Fire Indiana Historical Society
1943 First Women's Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) Trainees Arrive at Sweetwater Army Airfield, Texas Texas Women Aviation World War II Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Association
1944 Prime Minister Tojo Takes Control of the Japanese Army Japan World War II The History Channel
1946 President Truman Creates Office of Economic Stabilization for Transition into a Peace-Time Economy President Harry Truman Nixon The American Presidency World War II Economics The History Channel
1947 Edwin Land Demonstrates First Instant Developing Camera Photography Inventors & Inventions Historic Firsts George Eastman House Wired
1949 Mary McLeod Bethune Is Granted an Honorary Degree by Rollins College Mary McLeod Bethune Educators of Note African-American Political and Social Leaders Rollins College Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 Police Kill Five Students Marching for Bangla as Bangladesh State Language `Bangladesh Government of Bangladesh
Harvard Senior, Dick Button, Wins His Second Straight Olympic Figure-Skating Gold Medal New Jersey Sports Figures Figure Skating Hall of Fame 1952 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City New York Times
1956 Alabama Authorities Indict Martin Luther King and Other Leaders of the Montgomery Bus Boycott Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott Dr. martin Luther King, Jr. Human Rights/Civil Rights Crime University of Georgia
1961 NASA Conducts Successful Test Launch of the Mercury Atlas Rocket Space Exploration NASA
NASA Launches COMSTAR 4 Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technology NASA
African-American Inventor Otis Boykin Receives Patent #2,972,726 for an Electrical Resistor Texas Scientists & Inventors Patents & Trademarks Inventors & Inventions African American Scientists and Inventors African American Registry
1963 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1965 Malcolm X Is Assassinated by 3 Black Muslims in New York City Malcolm X African American Political and Social Death The History Channel New York Times
1970 Henry Kissinger Begins Secret Peace Talks in Paris with Le Duc Tho Paris Vietnam War The History Channel
The Jackson 5 Makes Television Debut on American Bandstand Michael Jackson Popular Musicians Television Famous African Americans Internet Movie Database
1971 Tornadoes Kill 121 in Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi Tennessee Tornadoes Death National Weather Service
1972 Richard Nixon Is First U.S. President to Visit China China President Nixon's Trip to China Historic Firsts
1973 Israeli Fighter Planes Shoot Down a Libyan Airlines Jet, Killing More than 100 People Libya Israel Air Disasters Death New York Times
1975 Nixon Staffers Mitchell, Haldeman & Ehrlichman Sentenced to Prison for Watergate Cover Up Richard Nixon Watergate Affair Law and Legal Resources New York Times
1979 Ferry Service Returns to Port Townsend, Washington After 40 Years Port Townsend, Washington Naval History Port Townsend, Washington History Link
1982 Ain't Misbehavin Closes in New York City after 1604 Performances Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1986 AIDS Patient Ryan White Returns to School Ryan White AIDS Education
1991 6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in the Bering Sea Earthquakes USGS
Neil Simon's Lost in Yonkers Premieres at the Richard Rodgers Theatre, New York New York City Authors Plays Internet Broadway Database
1992 California's Kristi Yamaguchi Wins the Olympic Figure-Skating Gold Medal Kristi Yamaguchi Figure Skating 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Albertville, France Asian-American Sports Figures New York Times
1995 Steve Fossett Is First Person to Balloon Solo Across the Pacific Ocean: Korea to Saskatchewan Canada Balloons Historic Firsts Steve Fossett's Official Website New York Times
1996 Russia Launches Soyuz TM-23 for 193-day MIR Docking Mission Russian Space Program Space Exploration Astronautix
7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Four Fishermen Off of Peru's Northeastern Coast Peru Earthquakes Death USGS
1997 Space Shuttle STS 82 (Discovery 22) Completes 10-day Hubble Service Mission Space Shuttle Hubble Space Telescope NASA
1998 Julian Bond Is Selected as Chairman of the NAACP Julian Bond Human Rights/Civil Rights African-American Political and Social Leaders NAACP CNN
Historic Events that occurred 2000 - 2009 on this date
2001 Outbreak of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Causes Ban of All British Milk, Meat, Livestock Exports Great Britain Cows Foot-and-Mouth Disease BBC
2002 Washington's Supreme Court Declares the State's Boundary Extends North of the 49th Parallel Canada Washington Law and Legal Resources Washington Courts History Link
16-year-old New York Figure Skater, Sara Hughes, Is Surprise Gold Medalist at the Winter Olympics New York Sports Figures Figure Skating 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City New York Times