The United States The United States


The United States The United States

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Presidential Proclamations

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What is the name of an African-American poet born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was the first Grammy Award presented for rap? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the State of Virginia, what years did Douglas Wilder serve as governor of the state? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an artist, architect or designer born on this date:

1. On this date in 1865, which state adopted a new constitution abolishing slavery? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the National Gallery of Art classroom guide, why did Horace Pippin have to use his left hand to guide his right hand while painting? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to his Basketball Hall of Fame biography, how many seasons did Julius Erving play in the ABA and NBA? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of 1994 film in which Whoopi Goldberg had a role (according to the Internet Movie Database):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University Houston, for what invention did Garrett Morgan sell the patent to GE for $40,000?

2. According to the Academy of Achievement, where did Whoopi Goldberg make her performing debut?

3. According to the African American Registry, where did Grafton Tyler Brown paint his most noteworthy pieces?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Horace Pippin (according to Artcyclopedia):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Horace Pippin
Horace Pippin
Bon on This Date 1888

African-American Artists
Garrett Morgan
Garrett Morgan

African-American Inventors
Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg

African-American Performing Artists

Douglas Wilder
Douglas Wilder

African-American Political Leaders

Julius Erving
Julius Erving
Born on This Date 1950

Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame
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St. Lucia: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from the United Kingdom: 02/22/1979)
St. Lucia Expedia U.S. Department of State
United States: George Washington's Birthday
(Commemorates the birth date of George Washington: 02/22/1732)
`George Washington The American Presidency
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1894 Roma Gans (Minnesota-born Educator, Science Writer for Children) Minnesota Authors & Illustrators Young-Adult Authors Science Birds
1925 Edward Gorey (Chicago-born Author, Cartoonist, Illustrator) Edward Gorey Young-Adult Authors Cartoons and Comics
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1788 Arthur Schopenhauer (Polish-born German Philosopher) Arthur Schopenhauer German Authors & Illustrators Philosophy
1805 Sarah Flowers Adams (English Hymnist, "Nearer, My God, to Thee") English Authors & Illustrators Religious Music Religion
1819 James Russell Lowell (Massachusetts-born Poet) James Russell Lowell Poetry
1892 Edna St. Vincent Millay (Maine-born Poet) Edna St. Vincent Millay Poetry
1900 Sean O'Faolain (Irish Writer) Sean O'Faolain
1925 Gerald Stern (Pennsylvania-born Poet) Gerald Stern Poetry
1938 Ishmael Reed (Tennessee-born African-American Poet) Tennessee Authors & Ilustrators Poetry African-American Authors & Ilustrators African American Registry
Artists, Architects and Designers
1778 Rembrandt Peale (Pennsylvania-born Artist) Pennsylvania Artists, Architects and Designers
1841 Grafton Tyler Brown (Pennsylvania-born African-American Western Landscape Artist) Pennsylvania Artists, Architects and Designers African-American Artists, Architects and Designers African American Registry
1888 Horace Pippin (Pennsylvania-born African-American Painter) Horace Pippin African-American Artists, Architects and Designers
1904 Peter Hurd (New Mexico-born Artist) New Mexico Artists, Architects and Designers
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1910 Frédéric Chopin (Polish Classical Composer) Frédéric Chopin Classical Music Composers
1961 Lowell Liebermann (New York City-born Composer) New York City Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1857 Heinrich (Rudolf) Hertz (German Physicist) Heinrich Hertz Physics Radio
1879 Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted (Danish Chemist) Danish Mathematicians and Scientists Acids and Bases
1914 Renato Dulbecco (Italian-born 1975 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) Italian Mathematicians and Scientists Medical Research 1975 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
1936 J(ohn) Michael Bishop (Pennsylvania-born 1989 Nobel Laureate for Medicine) Pennsylvania Mathematicians and Scientists Medical Research 1989 Nobel Laureate for Medicine
Political and Social Leaders
1403 Charles VII, King of France French Political and Social Leaders
1732 George Washington (Virginia-born First President of the United States) Virginia Political and Social Leaders George Washington The American Presidency
1840 August Bebel (co-Founder of the German Social Democratic Party) German Political and Social Leaders Politics SPD
1850 Josiah Martin Turner (Michigan-born Member of the Alaska Territorial Senate) Michigan Political and Social Leaders Alaska Political and Social Leaders
1857 Robert Baden-Powell (English Founder of the Boy Scouts) Robert Baden-Powell Boy Scouts
1866 John Frank Wheaton (Maryland-born African-American Politician: First African-American to Graduate from the University of Minnesota Law School) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1892 David Dubinsky (Russian-American Labor Leader) Russian Political and Social Leaders Labor
1901 Charles E. Whittaker (Kansas-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Kansas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1932 Ted Kennedy (Massachusetts-born U.S. Senator) Ted Kennedy U.S. Congress Politics President John Kennedy
Performing Artists
1880 James R. Europe (Alabama-born African-American Composer, Bandleader) Alabama Performing Artists African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1900 Luis Buñuel (Spanish-Mexican Film Director) Spanish Performing Artists Filmmakers Hispanic Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1907 Robert Young (Chicago-born Actor) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Television Biography
1908 John Mills (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1921 Giulietta Masina (Italian Actor) Italian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1959 Kyle MacLachlan (Washington-born Actor) Washington Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1975 Drew Barrymore (Los Angeles-born Actress) Los Angeles Performing Artists Actors Film Biography
Sports Figures
1874 Bill Klem (New York-born Major League Umpire; Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) New York Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1937 Tommy Aaron (Georgia-born Professional Golfer; 1973 Masters Champion) Georgia Sports Figures Golf The Masters University of Georgia
1950 Julius Erving (New York-born African-American Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Julius Erving Basketball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures
1950 Michael Chang (New Jersey-born Asian-American Professional Tennis Player) New Jersey Sports Figures Tennis Asian-American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1371 David II (King of Scotland) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Undiscovered Scotland
1512 Amerigo Vespucci (Italian Explorer: Namesake of America) Amerigo Vespucci Explorers
1777 Archibald Bulloch (Georgia's First Provisional Governor) Georgia Political and Social Leaders American Revolution The History Channel
1887 Abraham A. Ribicoff (Connecticut-born U.S. Senator) Connecticut Political and Social Leaders American Political Leaders
1958 John Wellborn Martin (24th Governor of Florida) Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics Florida Historical Society
1965 Felix Frankfurter (Austrian-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Austrian Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
Richard Leche (Former Governor of Louisiana) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Politics Louisiana Secretary of State
1987 Andy Warhol (Pennsylvania-born Pop Artist) Pennsylvania Artists American Artists
2005 Ernest Vandiver (Former Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Politics University of Georgia
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1300s that Occurred on this Date
1371 Robert II Succeeds to the Throne of Scotland, Beginning Stuart Dynasty Scottish Political and Social Leaders Undiscovered Scotland
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1546 Martin Luther Is Buried Beneath the Pulpit in the Castle Church at Wittenberg, Germany Martin Luther Religion Castle Church at Wittenberg, Germany Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1766 The British Parliament Repeals the Stamp Tax Great Britain Colonial History Stamp Tax University of Georgia
1777 Georgia's First Provisional Governor, Archibald Bulloch, Dies under Mysterious Circumstances Georgia Political and Social Leaders American Revolution Death The History Channel
1797 French Warships Enter Fishguard Bay Intending to Invade Wales Wales France Historic U.K.
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cloudy morning, at about 12 oClock it began to rain and Continud for a fiew minits, and turned to Snow, and Continud Snowing for about one hour, and Cleared away fair The two hunters left below arrived, They killed two Elk, and hung them up out of the reach of the wolves—

The Coal a Ricara [Recorees - Arikara Indians] who is a considerable Chief of the Mandans visited us to day, and maney others of the three nations in our neighbourhood.—

Ordway: rained a Short time and turned to Snow. Snowed a Short time and cleared off, the men came home last night rested today after a hard fatigue but the men who had remained at the Fort was employed clearing away the Snow from round the Barge and perogues.

Gass: Was a fine day and we again began to cut away the ice, and succeeded in getting out one of the periogues.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Snow

Native American Tribes Elk Wolves


The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: We were visited to day by two Clatsops women and two boys who brought a parcel of excellent hats made of Cedar bark, and ornemented with bear grass. two of those hats had been made by measure which Capt Lewis and my Self had given a woman Some time Since, with a request to make each of us a hat; they fit us very well, and are in the form we desired them. we purchased the hats and distribeted them among the party.

the woodwork and sculpture of these people as well as those hats and the water proof baskits evince an
ingenuity by no means common among the Aborigenes of America. in the evining they returned to their village and Drewyer accompanied them in order to get Some dogs &c.

These women informed us that the Small fish began to run which we suppose to be herring from their discription. they also informed us that their Chief Conia Comawool, had gorn up the Columbia to the Vally in order to purchase Wappatoe, a part of which he entended tradeing with us on his return.

our sick consisting of Gibson, Bratten, Willard McNeal and Baptiest LaPage is Something better Serjt. Ordway is complaining of a Coald & head ake. we have not had as many Sick at one time Since we left the Settlements of the Illinois. the general Complaint appears to be bad colds and fevers, with a violent pain in the head, and back, something I believe of the influenza.

Ordway: a fair morning. George Gibson Some better. I am full of pains but not verry Sick. the rest of the Sick are mending a little. Several of the natives came to the Fort with some of their Split and chip hats which are Engeaneously made. Drewyer went to the village &C.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1819 Spain & U.S. Agree to Adams-Onis Treaty: U.S. Receives Florida, Renounces Claims to Texas Spain Florida Texas The History Channel Florida Historical Society Texas State Historical Association
1828 German Biochemist Friederich Wöhler Synthesizes the First Organic Compound, Urea German Mathematicians and Scientists Biochemistry Historic Firsts Technology and Society Intellihealth
1838 Angelina Grimké Is the First U.S. Woman to Address a Legislative Body When She Presents anti-Slavery Petitions at the Massachusetts State House Massachusetts Government Angelina Grimké Slavery American Women Politicial and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1841 With White Tail Deer Virtually Extinct, the General Assembly Passes a Law Prohibiting Their Killing in the State Delaware Government Endangered Animals Law State of Delaware
1844 Arkansas' First State Temperance Convention Is Held in Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas Substance Abuse Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1845 Edgar Allan Poe Becomes an Editor of The Broadway Journal Edgar Allan Poe American Authors Journalism American Collection
1847 The Battle of Buena Vista Begins Mexico Zachary Taylor Mexican-American War The History Channel
1850 Georgia Approves Its First State Law Providing Grounds for Divorce Georgia Family Laws and Legal Resources Historic Firsts University of Georgia
1855 The Ojibwe Sign a Treaty Ceding to the U.S. Government a Major Portion of Heavily Wooded North-Central Minnesota Minnesota Ojibwe Historic Documents Minnesota Historical Society
California's Largest Bank, Page & Bacon & Co., Closes Its Doors, Setting Off the State's First Major Financial Panic California Business Economics Historic Firsts LearnCalifornia
1856 Abraham Lincoln Speaks in Decatur at the Founding Meeting of the Illinois Republican Party Decatur, Illinois Abraham Lincoln Illinois Republican Party Historic Firsts Lincoln Papers
The First Convention of the Iowa Republican Party Is Held in Iowa City Iowa City, Iowa Iowa Republican Party Historic Firsts Historical Society of Iowa
California's First Railroad, Sacramento Valley Rail Road, Begins Service From Sacramento East to the New Town of Folsom California Railroad Historic Firsts LearnCalifornia
1861 Abraham Lincoln Speaks at Independence Hall and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Independence Hall Lincoln Papers
Lincoln Averts Assassination Plot in Baltimore, Taking 11 pm Train from Philadelphia to D.C. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Washington, D.C. Abraham Lincoln Railroad Lincoln Papers
The State of Minnesota First Celebrates George Washington's Birthday as a Legal Holiday Minnesota George Washington Holidays Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1862 Lincoln Does Not Attend the Washington Birthday Celebration Due to Death of His Son George Washington Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
Jefferson Davis Is Inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis American Civil War Florida Historical Society
The First Confederate Prisoners of War Arrive at Indiana's Camp Morton Indiana Prisoners of War American Civil War Indiana Historical Society
1864 Confederates Defeat Union Forces at West Point, Mississippi Mississippi Battle of West Point, MS The History Channel
Lincoln Receives Endorsement of Republican National Committee by 4-1 Vote Abraham Lincoln Republican National Committee Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Supports Decision to Hold Arkansas State Elections March 14th Arkansas Abraham Lincoln Elections Lincoln Papers
1865 Tennessee Adopts a New Constitution Abolishing Slavery Tennessee Slavery The New York Times
Robert E. Lee Orders General Joe Johnston to Stop Sherman's March Robert E. Lee Joe Johnston William Tecumseh Sherman Sherman's March University of Georgia
President Lincoln Receives Report on the Union's Capture of Fort Anderson, North Carolina North Carolina Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1879 Frank Winfield Woolworth Opens First "Five Cent Store" in Utica, New York New York Business Historic Firsts The History Channel
1880 5.8 Earthquake Is Centered on Yokohama, Japan Yokohama, Japan Earthquakes Historic Firsts Yokohama, Japan USGS
1885 City of Chipley, Florida Is Incorporated Chipley, Florida Chipley, Florida Florida Historical Society
1889 Cleveland Signs Bill Admitting Dakotas, Montana, Washington to the Union North Dakota South Dakota Montana Washington President Grover Cleveland The New York Times
1892 A Four-Piece Band Provides Dance Music for Over 100 Couples at the First Public Dance Held in Ironton, Wisconsin Ironton, Wisconsin Dance Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1893 Auburn Wins the First Football Game with Alabama 32-22 Alabama The Iron Bowl University of Alabama Football Auburn Football Historic Firsts Alabama Archives
1895 Green Forest, Arkansas Is Incorporated Green Forest, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1897 President Grover Cleveland Proclaims Washington's Olympic Forest Reserve Washington President Grover Cleveland Olympic National Park History Link
England, Arkansas Is Incorporated England, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1898 White Mob Kills Black South Carolina Postmaster and His Infant Daughter South Carolina Racism U.S. Civil Rights Movement Death University of South Carolina Aiken
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 140 Lives Are Lost When the City of Rio de Janeiro Wrecks on the Rocks Off California's Fort Point California Business Naval History Death LearnCalifornia
1909 Arkansas' First Meeting of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Is Held in Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas American Revolution Historic Firsts Arkansas DAR Arkansas History Commission
1911 States' Legislature Establishes the West Virginia Colored Orphans' Home Near Huntington West Virginia Racism Child Advocacy African-American Heritage West Virginia State Archive
1917 Future Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini Is Wounded by Mortar Shell on the Italian Front Benito Mussolini World War I The History Channel
1918 Montana Passes Sedition Law Restricting Freedom of Speech & Assembly Montana First Amendment World War I The History Channel
1922 Oshkosh, Wisconsin Is Devastated by a Sleet Storm That Knocks Out Electricity for a Week Oshkosh, Wisconsin Storms Electricity Wisconsin Historical Society
1924 Calvin Coolidge Makes First Presidential Radio Broadcast from the White House The White House Calvin Coolidge The American Presidency Radio Historic Firsts The New York Times
1927 The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (90' Wide, 12 ' Deep) Is Opened by the Federal Government as a Tidewater Canal Without Locks Delaware U.S. Government Canals State of Delaware
1932 Seattle's George Washington Memorial Bridge (Aurora Bridge) is Dedicated Seattle, Washington Bridges History Link
1935 7.1 Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Near Islands Alaska Earthquakes Historic Firsts USGS
Connally Hot Oil Act Becomes Law in Attempt to Control Marketing Unregulated Oil U.S. Government Business Law and Legal Resources Texas State Historical Association
1937 Eudora Welty's Story "Old Mr. Grenada" Is Accepted for Publication by Southern Review Eudora Welty American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers
1941 Nazis Arrest Hundreds of Jews for Deportation from Amsterdam to Concentration Camps Netherlands Nazi Germany World War II Judiasm The Holocaust United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1942 President Roosevelt Orders General MacArthur Out of the Philippines The Philippines Douglas MacArthur President Roosevelt World War II The History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 The U.S. Senate Creates a 5-Member Committee to Investigate Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy's Accusations of Communist Activities Joseph McCarthy McCarthyism U.S. Senate Wisconsin Historical Society
1955 Maureen "Little Mo" Connolly Announces Retirement from Tennis Maureen Connolly Tennis Hall of Fame The BBC
1959 North Carolina's Lee Petty Wins the Inaugural "Daytona 500" Averaging 135.42 mph Daytona, Flordia North Carolina Sports Figures NASCAR Daytona 500 Historic Firsts The New York Times Florida Historical Society
1961 Neil Simon's Come Blow Your Horn Premieres at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre, New York New York City Authors Plays Internet Broadway Database
1966 Soviet Union Launches Two Dogs into Space Aboard Kosmos 110 for 21-day Mission Russian Space Program Space Exploration Dogs NASA
1967 Suharto Takes Full Power in Indonesia Indonesian Political and Social Leaders The History Channel
1968 South Africa Prohibits Mixed Marriages Between Whites and Any Other Race South Africa Racism Laws and Legal Resources South African History
1969 Trade Union Council of South Africa (TUCSA) Bans Black Trade Union Membership South Africa Racism Labor Unions South African History
1972 IRA Bomb Kills Five Women and a Priest At British Military Barracks Great Britain Northern Ireland Terrorism Death The BBC
1973 United States and China Agree to Establish Liaison Offices China The Cold War Television Archive
1974 Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Resigns His Position at City University of New York Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. American Authors Education City University of New York American Collection
1980 U.S. Hockey Team Upsets the Soviets 4-3 at Lake Placid Olympics Soviet Union Ice Hockey The Cold War Miracle on Ice
1986 Philippine Military Leaders Call for Resignation of Dictator Ferdinand Marcos EDSA Revolt The BBC
1988 First Grammy Award Is Presented for Rap Grammy Awards Rap Music African American Registry
1990 Reagan Testifies He Had No Knowledge of Secret Arming of Nicaraguan Contras Nicaragua Iran-Contra Affair Law and Legal Resources
1991 President Bush Threatens Iraq with Land War Iraq President George Bush Gulf War The BBC
1994 CIA Double Agent, Aldrich Ames, Arrested for Selling Secrets to the Soviets Soviet Union The CIA The Cold War The History Channel
1995 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-75) for 15-day Mission Space Shuttle Missions NASA
1997 Scientists in Scotland Announce Successful Cloning of a Sheep, "Dolly" Scottish Scientists & Mathematicians Sheep Dolly The BBC
Historic Events that occurred since 2000 on this date
2011 6.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Dozens in Christchurch, New Zealand New Zealand Earthquakes USGS BBC