The Guyana Flag The Guyana Flag


The Guyana Flag The Guyana Flag

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what state was baseball player Elston Howard born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year was Louis Stokes born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Baseball Hall of Fame, coming out of college Dave Winfield was drafted in three different professional sports. Which sports? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an inventor who received a patent on this date:

1. For what idea was F. M. Jones Issued a patent on this date in 1960? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to South Carolina Educational Television, at what three institutions did Benjamin Brawley teach English between 1902 and 1939? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, W.E.B. DuBois was a founding member of what organization? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a magazine in which Claude Brown published (according to the African American Registry):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to his Harvard University biography, on what topics is Alvin F. Poussaint considered to be an expert?

2. According to the Gale Group, how did Queen Latifah distinguish herself from other rap artists?

3. What three countries border Guyana?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by W.E.B. DuBois (according to his PBS biography):
Black History Month
Separation Bar
Benjamin Brawley
Benjamin Brawley

African-American Authors

Alvin Poussaint
Alvin Poussaint

African-American Scientists

Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah

African-American Performing Artists

W.E.B. Du Bois
W.E.B. Du Bois
Born on This Date 1868

African American Political and Social Leaders
Dave Winfield
Dave Winfield

Baseball Hall of Fame

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Belarus: Day of the Defenders of the Fatherland and of Armed Forces of Belarus
(Originally celebrated the Soviet Red Army, now commemorates all military persons and men in general.)
Belarus My Belarus
Guyana: Republic Day (Mashramani)
(Commemorates formation of the Guyana Republic: 02/23/1970)
`Guyana `U.S. Department of State
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1879 Norman Lindsay (Australian Writer, Children's Author) Australian Authors Primary Children's Authors
1899 Erich Kästner (German Poet, Children's Author) German Authors Poetry Young-adult Authors Authors' Calendar
1932 C.S. Adler (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1948 Laura Geringer (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors and Poets
1633 Samuel Pepys (English Diarist) Samuel Pepys
1881 Karl Jaspers (German Philosopher) German Authors & Illustrators Philosophy
1904 William Shirer (Chicago-born Historical Writer) William Shirer NAZI Germany
1937 Claude Brown (New York City-born African-American Author) New York City Author & Illustrators African-American Authors African American Registry
1942 Haki Madhubuti (Arkansas-born African-American Author) Arkansas Author & Illustrators African-American Authors African American Registry
1944 John Sandford (John Camp) (Iowa-born Journalist Awarded the 1986 Pulitzer Prize) Iowa Authors & Illustrators Journalism 1986 Pulitzer Prize in Journalism for a series on the family farm crisis Writer's Almanac
1817 George Frederick Watts (English Artist) English Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1685 George Frederick Handel (German Composer) George Frederick Handel Composers
1905 Elinor Remick Warren (Los Angeles-born Composer) Los American
1920 Hall Overton (Michigan-born Composer) Michigan American
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1685 Jean Baptiste Le Moyne Bienville (Governor of Louisiana, Founder of Mobile and New Orleans) Canadian Explorers Mobile, Alabama New Orleans, Louisiana Explorers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1924 Allan MacLeod Cormack (South African-born 1979 Nobel Laureate for Medicine for Development of the CAT Scan) South African Scientists & Mathematicians 1979 Nobel Laureate for Medicine for Development of the CAT Scan
1951 Shigefumi Mori (Japanese Mathematician Awarded the 1990 Fields Medal) Japanese Scientists & Mathematicians Asian-American Scientists & Mathematicians Awarded 1990 Fields Medal
Business Leaders
1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild (German Banker, Capitalist, Financier) Mayer Amschel Rothschild Business & Economics
1846 William Horlick (English-American Food Manufacturer, Philanthropist Who Trademarked Malted Milk) English Business Leaders Foods and Nutrition Wisconsin Historical Society
1850 Cesar Ritz (Swiss Owner of Some of the World's Most Fashionable Hotels) Swiss Business Leaders Ritz Carlton
Military Leaders
1818 Jeremy Francis Gilmer (North Carolina-born Confederate General) North Carolina Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1868 W.E.B. DuBois (Massachusetts-born African-American Author, Educator, Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist) W.E.B. DuBois African-American Political and Social Leaders American Authors Educators of Note
1925 Louis Stokes (Ohio-born African-American Member of the U.S. Congress) Louis Stokes U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders
Performing Artists
1883 Victor Fleming (California-born Film Director: The Wizard of Oz) California Performing Artists Filmmakers Wizard of Oz Internet Movie Database
1939 Peter Fonda (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film
Esteban "Steve" Jordan (Texas-born Latin-American Accordionist) Esteban Jordan Folk & Ethnic Musicians Latin-American Performing Artists
1951 Patricia Richardson (Maryland-born Actress: Home Improvement) Maryland Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1955 Howard Jones (English Popular Keyboardist) English Performing Artists Popular Musician Internet Movie Database
1994 Dakota Fanning (Georgia-born Actor) Georgia Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1929 Elston Howard (Missouri-born First African-American to Play for the New York Yankees) Missouri Sports Figures Baseball African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1468 Johannes Gutenberg (German Inventor of the Movable-Type Printing Press) Johannes Gutenberg The Bible Historic Firsts Concordia
1821 John Keats (English Poet) John Keats Poetry
1848 John Quincy Adams (Massachusetts-born 6th President of the United States) John Quincy Adams The Presidential Seal
1855 Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (German Mathematician) Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss Calculus
1934 Edward Elgar (English Composer) Edward Elgar Composers
1965 Stan Laurel (English Actor) Stan Laurel Actors Film
1990 José Napoleón Duarte (Former President of El Salvador) El Salvador President Ronald Reagan President George Bush Cold War
2008 Douglas Fraser (Scottish-American United Auto Workers Labor Leader) Scottish Political and Social Leaders Labor UAW Detroit News
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events from 0 - 999 A.D. that Occurred on this Date
303 Roman Emperor, Diocletian, Bans Christianity, Destroying Churches and Sacred Writings Roman Empire Religion Concordia
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1455 Johannes Gutenberg Publishes the Bible, the First Book Printed on a Press with Movable Type Johannes Gutenberg The Bible Historic Firsts Concordia
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1540 Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Leads Over 1,000 Men North from the Mexico in Search of the Golden Cities of Cibola Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Mexico New Mexico Explorers of North America Gold New Mexico Magazine
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1778 Prussian Military Officer, Friedrich von Steuben, Arrives at Washington's Valley Forge Encampment Friedrich von Steuben George Washington Valley Forge History Channel
1779 In Ohio, a 2-month Siege Begins When a Force of 120 Indians Loyal to the British Surround Fort Laurens Great Britain Ohio Native American Heritage Forts The American Revolution Ohio Archaeological Council
1797 1400 Invading French Troops Land on the Coast of Wales Wales France Historic U.K.
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: All hands employed in Cutting the Perogus Loose from the ice, which was nearly even with their top; we found great difficuelty in effecting this work owing to the Different devisions of Ice & water after Cutting as much as we Could with axes, we had all the Iron we Could get & Some axes put on long poles and picked throught the ice, under the first water, which was not more the 6 or 8 inches deep— we disengaged one Perogue, and nearly disingaged the 2nd in Course of this day which has been warm & pleasent

vised by a no of Indians, Jessomme & familey went to the Shoes Indians Villag to day

The father of the Boy whose feet were frose near this place, and nearly Cured by us took him home in a Slay—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map


The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Not any thing transpired desering particular notice. our Sick are all on the recovery. the men have provided themselves verry amply with mockersons & leather clothing, much more So indeed than they have ever been Since they have been on the voyage.

The Sea Otter is found only on the Sea Coast and in the Salt water. Those animals which I took to be the Sea Otter from the Great Falls of the Columbia to the mouth, proves to be the Phosia or Seal which at a little distance has
every appearance of the Sea Otters. The Sea otter when fully grown is as large as the common mastif dog, the ears and Eyes are remarkably Small, particularly the former which is not an inch in length thick fleshey and pointed, Covered with short hair. the tail is about 10 inches in length thick where it joins the body and tapering to a very Sharp point; in common with the body it is covered with a deep fur particularly on the upper Side, on the under part the fur is not So long. the legs are remarkably Short and the feat which have five toes each are broad large and webbed. the legs are covered with fur and the feet with Short hair. the body of the Animal is long and nearly of the Same thickness throughout. from the extremity of the tail to that of the nose they will measure 5 feet or upwards. the colour is of a uniform dark brown, and when in good order and Season perfectly Black and Glossey. it is the richest and I think the most delightful fur in the world at least I cannot form an idea of any more so. it is deep thick silky in the extream and Strong. the inner part of the fur when open is lighter than the surface in its natural position. there are Some fine black Shineing hairs intermixed with the fur which are reather longer and add much to its beauty. the nose, about the eyes, ears and forehead in Some of those otter is of a light Colour, Sometimes a light brown. those parts in the young Suckling otters of this Species is Sometimes of a creem colour'd white, but always much lighter than the other parts. the fur of the infant otter is much inferior in point of colour, and texture, to that of the full grown otter, or even after it has been weened—. there is so great a difference that I have for Some time Supposed it a different animal; the
Indians Call the infant otter Spuck, and the full grown or such as had obtained a Coat of good fur, E luck'ko. this Still further confirmed the opinion of their being distinct Species; but I have Since lerned that the Spuck is the young otter. the Colour of the neck, body, legs and tail is a dark lead brown. The Mink is found in the woody Country on this Coast and does not differ in any particular from those of the Atlantic Coasts.

The Seal or Phoca are found here in great numbers, and as far up the Columbia as the great Falls, above which there are none. I have reasons to believe from the information of the men that there are Several Species of the Phoca on this Coast and in the river, but what the difference is I am unable to State not haveing Seen them myself Sufficiently near for manute inspection nor obtain the different kinds to make a comparison. the Skins of Such as I have Seen
are covered with a Short thick Coarse Glossy hair of a redish bey brown Colour. tho' the animal while in the water, or
as we saw them frequently in the river appear to be black and Spoted with white sometimes. I am not much
acquainted with the Seal, but Suppose that they are the Same common also to the atlantic Ocian in the Same parrelal of Latitude. the Skins, or those which I have Seen are presisely Such as trunks are frequently Covered with. the flesh of this animal is highly prised by the nativs who Swinge the hair off and then roste the flesh on Sticks before the fire.

Ordway: a fair morning. Six of the party are now Sick I think that I and three others have the Enfluenzey

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans Health Care
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 World's First Mechanically-Powered Cotton Mill Is Incorporated in Waltham, MA Massachusetts Business & Economics Labor Historic Firsts The Concord Review (pdf)
1820 Cato Street Conspiracy to Assassinate British Cabinet Ministers Is Foiled Great Britain Crime Spartacus
1822 Boston Is Granted a Charter to Incorporate As a City Boston, MA New York Times
1841 Chemical Society of London Holds Its First Organizational Meeting Great Britain Chemistry Historic Firsts Le Moyne College
1844 City of Milton, Florida Is Incorporated Milton, Florida Milton, Florida Florida Historical Society
1847 Zachary Taylor Defeats Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista Santa Anna Zachary Taylor Mexican-American War Library of Congress
1848 Gillespie County, Texas Is Established Gillespie County, Texas Gillespie County, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1849 Delaware's John M. Clayton Resigns as U.S. Senator to Become President Zachary Taylor's Secretary of State Delaware Political and Social Leaders President Zachary Taylor U.S. Congress Delaware
1852 First White Settlers Arrive At the New Settlement of Port Townsend, Washington Port Townsend, Washington Port Townsend, Texas Historic Firsts History Link
1854 Winona County, Minnesota Is Established Winona County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
Houston County, Minnesota Is Established and Named for Popular Presidential Candidate Sam Houston Houston County, Minnesota Sam Houston Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Meeker County, Minnesota Is Created and Named for Minnesota Supreme Court Judge Bradley B. Meeker Meeker County, Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1861 Lincoln Secretly Arrives in Washington at 6 a.m., Avoiding Baltimore Assassination Plot Washington, D.C. Maryland Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal History Channel
President-elect Lincoln Meets with President Buchanan, Cabinet and Other D.C. Dignitaries President James Buchanan President Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal Lincoln Papers
Texas Is the 7th State to Secede from the Union Texas American Civil War University of Georgia Texas State Historical Association
1863 U.S.S. Gem of the Sea Captures Confederate Steamer Charm on Florida's St. Sebastian River Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 Heavy Losses Force the Consolidation of Florida's 4th Infantry Regiment with the 1st Florida Cavalry Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 Lincoln Remains Undecided About West Virginia's John Yates Beall Who Will Be Executed the Next Day Notorious West Virginians President Abraham Lincoln The Presidential Seal American Civil War Capital Punishment Lincoln Papers
1870 Mississippi Is the 9th Confederate State to be Readmitted to the Union Mississippi American Civil War Mississippi Writers
1873 Seattle Mayor Corliss Stone Skipped Town with $15,000 in Pilfered Funds Seattle, Washington Crime History Link
1875 Charles G. Conn of Elkhart, Indiana Receives a Patent on a New, Improved Mouthpiece for Musical Wind Instruments Elkahrt, Indiana Musical Instruments Patents and Trademarks C.G. Conn Indiana Historical Society
1886 Charles Hall First to Use Electrolytic Processes to Separate Aluminum from Ore Chalres Martin Hall Aluminum Historic Firsts University of Houston
1892 Peter D. Smith of Springfield, Ohio, Is Issued a U.S. Patent 469,279 for a "Grain Binder" Ohio Scientists & Mathematicians Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions African-American Inventors St. Louis Public Library
Henry Bowman of Worcester, MA Issued Patent 463,395 for "Method for Making Flags" Massachusetts Scientists & Mathematicians Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions African-American Inventors St. Louis Public Library
1898 Emile Zola Imprisoned for "J'accuse" Letter Accusing Government Anti-Semitism Emile Zola Human Rights Judaism
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 Justice George Shiras, Jr. Retires form the U.S. Supreme Court Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum Opens in Boston Boston, Massachusetts Museums Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1905 The Rotary Club Is Founded by Lawyer Paul Percy Harris in Chicago Chicago Rotary International
1910 In Portland, Oregon, Women Protest Against the High Steps on the City's Street Cars Portland, Oregon Women Transportation
1917 Germans Begin Withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line Germany World War I History Channel
1922 29" Snowfall in Ispheming (Marquette County) Is Greatest in Michigan's Recorded History Michigan Snow State of Michigan
1927 President Calvin Coolidge Signs a Bill Creating the Federal Radio Commission U.S. Government Agencies Calvin Coolidge Radio New York Times
1932 A.A. Milne's They Don't Mean Any Harm Opens at the Charles Hopkins Theatre, New York A.A. Milne New York City Plays Internet Broadway Database
1934 Virginia General Assembly Creates the State Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control Virginia Drugs and Substance Abuse Virginia Historical Society
1940 Woody Guthrie Writes "This Land Is Your Land" Woody Guthrie Folk Musicians History Channel
1942 U.S., Britain, Australia and New Zealand Sign Master Mutual Aid Agreement Australia Great Britain New Zealand World War II Indiana University
A Japanese Submarine Fires on the Goleta, California Bankline Oil Refinery Japan Goleta, California World War II Submarines San Francisco Museum LearnCalifornia
1943 "As Time Goes By" from Casablanca Is Copyrighted Trademarks and Copyrights Music Casablanca USPTO
1944 Josef Stalin Forces 1 Million Chechens into Exile and Dissolves Their Republic Josef Stalin Human Rights BBC
1945 U.S. Marines Raise American Flag Atop Iwo Jima's Highest Point, Mt. Suribachi Iwo Jima War Memorial World War II National Park Service History Channel BBC
1946 First Known Case of Spotted Fever in the U.S. Is Reported in Queens, New York New York City Spotted Fever Historic Firsts Intellihealth
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1955 The First Meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization Is Held World History Cold War Vietnam War History Channel
1958 The Last Race Is Held on the Old Daytona Beach Race Track Daytona, Flordia NASCAR Florida Historical Society
1959 British Prime Minister Macmillan Meets Khrushchev in Moscow Harold Macmillan Nikita Khrushchev BBC
1960 F. M. Jones Issued Patent for a "Thermostat and Temperature Control System" Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Inventors & Inventions African-American Inventors St. Louis Public Library
American Carol Heiss Wins the Olympic Figure Skating Gold Medal New York City Sports Figures Figure Skating Hall of Fame The 1960 Winter Olympic Games
Demolition Begins on Ebbetts Field - Old Home of the Brooklyn Dodgers New York City Baseball New York Times
1961 U.S. National Council of Churches Endorses Artificial Contraception as Aid to Family Planning Religion Family Child Advocacy National Council of Churches Concordia
1966 Syrian Military Seizes Power in Bloody Coups d'etat Syria St. Louis Public Library
1970 Guyana Is Proclaimed a Republic within the British Commonwealth of Nations Guyana British Commonwealth of Nations Visit GT
1972 Palestinian Air Hijackers Release Crew and Surrender in Yemen after Two Days Yemen Aviation History War on Terrorism BBC
1980 Eric Heiden Sweeps Five Speed Skating Events at Lake Placid Winter Olympics Wisconsin Sports Figures Speed Skating Hall of Fame The 1980 Winter Olympic Games New York Times
1981 Military Group Holds Spain's Parliament Hostage in Failed Coup Attempt Spain BBC History Channel
1983 Mark Pavelich Is the First U.S.–born National Hockey League Player to Score 5 Goals in a Game Minnesota Sports Figures National Hockey League Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1986 Thousands of Philippine Demonstrators Protest Dictator Ferdinand Marcos The Philippines University of California, Berkeley
1991 President Bush Announces the Start of the Allied Ground Offensive Against Iraq Iraq President George Bush The Gulf War New York Times
Thailand's General Sundara Kongsompong Leads Bloodless Coup d'etat and Seizes Power Thailand Television News Archive
1992 NASA Launches Navstar 2A-03 Global Positioning System Satellite Space Exploration Global Positioning NASA
1994 Bosnia's Government and Bosnian Croat Forces Agree to U.N.-led Cease-fire United Nations Bosnia European History Television News Archive
Russian Duma Pardons Those Involved in 1991 Coup Attempt Russia Humanitas Internationale Television News Archive
Nancy Kerrigan Bests Tonya Harding in Lillehammer Olympics Short Program Figure Skating Hall of Fame The 1994 Winter Olympic Games Television News Archive
1995 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills Two in Taiwan Taiwan Earthquake Death USGS
1996 Relatives Murder the Husbands of Saddam Hussein's Two Daughters Saddam Hussein Death CNN
1997 Schindler's List First Movie Shown on Commercial TV without Interruption The Holocaust Schindler's List History Channel
1999 White Supremacist Convicted of Brutal Murder of Jasper, Texas African American Jasper, Texas Racism Law & Legal Resources CNN
Austria Suffers First of Two Avalanches That Claim 38 Lives over Two Days Austria Snow Death CNN
Historic Events that have occurred from 2000 to present
2000 Carlos Santana Wins 8 Grammy Awards, Tying Michael Jackson's 1983 Record Mexican Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Latin American Performing Artists The Grammy Awards CNN
2004 U.S. Marines Arrive in Haiti Haiti CNN African American Registry