for

Finland Finland

FEBRUARY 28

Finland Finland
 
 

 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.
 
 



Presidential Proclamations






Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?









 
5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What is the name of the African-American professional basketball player who was born on this date in 1956? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What was the cause of the clash between Blacks and Whites in Detroit on this date in 1942? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the African American Literature Book Club, what was the title of the book for which Javaka Steptoe received the 1998 Coretta Scott King Award for illustration? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a person born the same year as Adrian Dantley:
JOE MISNAME
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 1942, in what city did Blacks & Whites clash over access to new government housing? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to a Great Day in Harlem, in what year was the Count Basie Orchestra founded? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to The Black Collegian Online, what was Jackie Robinson's full name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a song made famous by the Count Basie Orchestra in 1939 (according to PBS):
ANTACID WAXER
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of Houston, what machine patented by Norbert Rillieux in 1846 was responsible for revolutionizing the process of refining sugar?

2. According to the Nation of Islam, what was Elijah Muhammad's name at birth?

3. According to the Detroit News, why were both Blacks and Whites coming to Detroit in such large numbers on this date in 1942?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book illustrated by Javaka Steptoe (according to Amazon.com):
CLOSEUP MOP TAKEOFF
 
 
Separation Bar
Picture of this person
Javaka Steptoe

Young-adult Author

Picture of this person
Norbert Rillieux

Inventor

Count Basie
Count Basie

Composer/Conductor

Picture of this person
Elijah Muhammad

Religious Leader

Picture of this person
Jackie Robinson

Baseball Hall of Fame

 
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Finland: Kalevala Day (Finnish Day of Culture)
(Celebration of the anniversary of the preface of the first edition of the Kalevala epic: 02/28/1835)
Kalevala Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden
Taiwan: Peace Memorial Day
(Remembrance of the February 28 Holocaust: 1947)
February 28 Holocaust
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1820 John Tenniel (English Artist, Illustrator of Alice in Wonderland) John Tenniel Alice in Wonderland
1948 Donna Jo Napoli (Florida-born Linguist, Children's Author) Donna Jo Napoli Young-adult Authors
1953 Megan McDonald (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Pennsylvania Authors Primary Children's Authors
1970 Daniel Handler, aka Lemony Snicket (San Francisco-born, Children's Author) Daniel Handler Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1533 Michel de Montaigne (French Essayist) Michel de Montaigne
1783 Gabriele Rossetti (Italian Poet) Italian Authors and Illustrators Poetry
1894 Ben Hecht (New York City-born Novelist, Playwright, Screenwriter) Ben Hecht Plays Film
1895 Marcel Pagnol (French Publisher, Playwright, Film Director) Marcel Pagnol Filmmakers
1908 Dee Alexander Brown (Louisiana-born Native-American Author of Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee) Dee Brown Native American Studies
1909 Stephen Spender (English Poet) Stephen Spender Poetry
1913 Virginia Hamilton Adair (New York City-born Poet) New York City Authors and Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
1926 Donald Coldsmith (Kansas-born Author of Historical Western Novels) Kansas Authors Westward Expansion)
1954 Bobby Delaughter (Mississippi-born Author) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Mississippi Writers
Artists, Architects and Designers
1820 John Tenniel (English Artist, Illustrator of Alice in Wonderland) John Tenniel Alice in Wonderland
1907 Milton Caniff (Ohio-born Cartoonist: Steve Canyon) Ohio Artists Comics & Cartoons
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1876 John Alden Carpenter (Illinois-born Composer) Illinois Composers American Composers
1882 Geraldine Farrar (Massachusetts-born Operatic Soprano) Massachusetts Performing Artists Opera
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1901 Linus Pauling (Oregon-born 1954 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry, 1962 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Linus Pauling DNA 1954 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry Nuclear Weapons 1962 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1911 Denis Parsons Burkitt (Irish-born English Surgeon Who Discovered That Viruses Can Cause Cancer in Humans) Northern Ireland Scientists & Mathematicians Cancer
1930 Leon Cooper (New York City-born 1972 Nobel Laureate for Physics) New York City Scientists & Mathematicians Physics 1972 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Military Leaders
1822 Matthew Duncan Ector (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures American Civil War University of Georgia
Political and Social Leaders
1516 Mary I, Queen of England English History British Royalty
1766 John Cark (North Carolina-born Governor of Georgia) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1814 William Temple (Maryland-born Governor of Delaware: 1846-1847) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Delaware Political and Social Leaders State of Delaware
1880 Harvey Parnell (29th Governor of Arkansas: 1928-33) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture Old State House
The Notorious
1906 Bugsy Siegel (New York City-born Gangster) New York City Crime Notorious Americans Biography.com
Performing Artists
1910 Vincente Minnelli (Illinois-born Film Director) Illinois Performing Artists Filmmakers Biography.com
1915 Zero Mostel (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1923 Charles Durning (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1930 Gavin MacLeod (New York-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1939 Tommy Tune (Texas-born Dancer, Singer, Choreographer) Texas Performing Artists Musical Theater Dance Biography.com
1940 Joe South (Georgia-born Popular Musician) Georgia Performing Artists Popular Musicians University of Georgia
1948 Bernadette Peters (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
Mercedes Ruehl (New York City-born Actress) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1957 John Turturro (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1962 Rae Dawn Chong (Canadian Actress) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1931 Dean Smith (Kansas-born Coach, Member of the Basketball Hall of Fame) Kansas Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame
1940 Mario Andretti (Italian-American Race Car Driver) Italy Automobile Racing
1956 Adrian Dantley (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Washington, D.C. Basketball Famous African Americans
1973 Eric Lindros (Canadian Ice Hockey Player) Eric Lindros National Hockey League
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1953 Jim Thorpe (Oklahoma-born Native American Member of the Track & Field Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame) Jim Thorpe Native Americans Baseball Track and Field Hall of Fame College Football Hall of Fame The Olympic Games
1916 Henry James (New York-born Novelist) Henry James American Authors
1967 Henry Luce (American Publisher: Time, Life, Fortune, Sports Illustrated) Henry Robinson Luce Journalism Business
1986 Olof Palme (Prime Minister of Sweden: Assassination) Swedish Political and Social Leaders BBC
2007 Arthur Schlesinger (Ohio-born Historian, Pulitzer Prize-Winning Author) Ohio Authors American Authors U.S. History Awarded Pultizer Prizes in 1946 and 1966
2009 Paul Harvey (Oklahoma-born Member of the Radio Hall of Fame) Paul Harvey Radio Journalism
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events the occurred from 1000 - 1099 that Occurred on this Date
1066 London's Westminster Abbey Is First Opened London, England Westminster Abbey Historic Firsts Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1638 Troops of Japan's Shogun Yoshimune Set Fire to the Castle of Hara, Killing 30,000 Christians Inside Japan Castles Religion Death Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1749 First Edition of Henry Fielding's Tom Jones Is Published Henry Fielding Adult Fiction Today in Literature
1759 Pope Clement XIII Permits the Bible to be Translated into All Languages of Roman Catholic States Catholicism The Bible World Languages Concordia
1784 John Wesley Charters the First Methodist Church in America Religious Leaders & Theologians Historic Firsts United Methodist Church The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine morning, two men of the N W Compy arrve with letters and Sacka comah [saccacommis, the word derives from a Chippewa word, saga'kominagûnj'. Spreng., bearberry or kinnikinick. Bearberry was often mixed with red osier dogwood, referred to as kinnikinick, and smoked ceremonially by the Indians of the plains.] also a Root and top of a plant [purple coneflower] presented by Mr. Haney, for the Cure of mad Dogs Snakes &c, and to be found & used as follows vz: "this root is found on high lands and asent of hills, the
way of useing it is to Scarify the part when bitten to chu or pound an inch or more if the root is Small, and applying it to the bitten part renewing it twice a Day. the bitten person is not to chaw nor Swallow any of the Root for it might
have contrary effect."

Sent out 16 men to make four Perogus those men returned in the evening and informed that they found trees they thought would answer.—

Mr. Gravelin two frenchmen & two Inds. arrive from the Ricara Nation with
Letters from Mr. Anty Tabeaux, informing us of the peaceable dispositions of that nation towards the Mandans & Me ne ta res & their avowed intentions of pursueing our Councils & advice, they express a wish to visit the Mandans, & Know if it will be agreeable to them to admit the Ricaras to Settle near them
and join them against their common Enimey the Souis we mentioned this to the mandans, who observed they had always wished to be at peace and good neighbours with the Ricaras
[Recorees - Arikara Indians] , and it is also the Sentiments of all the Big Bellies, & Shoe Nations

Mr. Gravilin informs that the Sisetoons and the 3 upper bands of the Tetons,
with the Yanktons of the North intend to come to war in a Short time against the nations in this quarter, & will Kill everry white man they See— Mr. T. also informes that Mr. Cameron of St peters has put arms into the hands of the
Souis to revenge the death of 3 of his men Killed by the Chipaways latterly—
and that the Band of Tetons which we Saw is desposed to doe as we have advised them— thro the influenc of their Chief the Black Buffalow—

Mr. Gravilin further informs that the Party which Robed us of the 2 horses laterly were all Sieoux 100 in number, they Called at the Ricaras on their return, the Ricares being displeased at their Conduct would not give them any thing to
eate, that being the greatest insult they could peaceably offer them, and upbraded them.

Ordway: about 3 oClock Mr. Gravelleen and Mr. Roie 2 frenchman came up from the Rickarees 2 of the R. Ree Indians came with them they all Informed us that they Saw the Souix Savvages who Robed our men of the 2 horses, & they said their was 106 in nomber and that they had a mind for to kill our men & that they held a counsel over them whether to kill them and take their arms and all or not. but while they were doing that our men were off and got clear, but they Say if they can catch any more of us they will kill us for they think that we are bad medicine and Say that we must be killed.

Mr. Tabbo a frenchman who is among them & Rick a Rees trading, Sent a letter up to the commanding officers & Mandans chiefs to keep a Good lookout for he had heared the Souix Say that they Should Shurely come to war in the Spring against us and Mandanes. in the evening the men returned who had been
cutting trees to day for the perogues. they Said they had Several good trees cut, but
had Broke Several of their axes.—

Gass: Sixteen of us went up the river about six miles, where we found and cut down trees for four canoes. While we were absent an express arrived from the Rickarees village with news that the Sioux had declared war against us, and also against the Mandans and Grossventers. They had boasted of the robbery of the 14th at the Rickarees village in their way home, and that they intended to massacre the whole of us in the spring. By this express we therefore found out that it was the Sioux who had taken the horses from our men.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map

Keelboat

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Reubin Field and Collins set out this morning early on a hunting excurtion up the Netul.

Kus ke-lar a Clatsop man, his wife and a Small boy (a Slave, who he informed me was his Cook, and offerd to Sell him to me for beeds & a gun) visited us to day they brought Some anchovies, Sturgeon, a beaver robe, and Some roots for Sale tho' they asked Such high prices for every article that we purchased nothing but a part of a Sturgeon
for which we gave a fiew fishing hooks. we Suffered them to Stay all night.

Shields Jos: Field and Shannon returned late this evening haveing killed five Elk tho' two of them are of a mountain
at a considerable distance. we ordered these hunters to return early in the morning and continue the hunt, and Sergt. Gass to take a part and go in quest of the Elk which they had killed. the hunters informed us that the Elk is tolerable plenty near the mountains about nine or ten miles distant.

Kuskalaw brought a dog which Peter Crusat had purchased with his Capo which this fellow had on.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1827 The B&O Is the First U.S. Railway Chartered for Freight and Passengers Railroads Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1835 Elias Lönnrot's Kalevala, the Finnish National Epic, Is Completed for Printing Kalevala Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden
1837 Illinois' Legislators Select Springfield as the State's Permanent Seat of Government Springfield, Illinois Springfield, Illinois Lincoln Papers
1838 Poinsett County, Arkansas Is Created Poinsett County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1839 Seminole Indians Attacked a U.S. Infantry Detachment Near Fort Miami, Florida, Killing 1 Florida Seminole Indians Death Florida Historical Society
1844 President John Tyler Narrowly Escapes Death from Explosion Aboard USS Princeton President John Tyler Naval History The History Channel
1847 U.S. Defeats México in the Battle of Sacramento Sacamento, California Mexican-American War Descendants of Mexican War Veterans
1849 The First Gold Prospectors Arrive in San Francisco Aboard the Steamship California The California Gold Rush San Francisco Gold Historic Firsts New York Times LearnCalifornia
The Delaware General Assembly Enacts a Vagrancy Code Restricting African-American Movements Delaware Government Racism Human Rights/Civil Rights Law African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1859 El Paso, Texas Is Given Its Name El Paso, Texas El Paso, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1860 Presidential Candidate Abraham Lincoln Campaigns in Providence, Rhode Island Providence, Rhode Island Abraham Lincoln Politics Providence, Rhode Island Lincoln Papers
1861 Congress Creates the Colorado Territory U.S. Congress Colorado Westward Expansion The History Channel
1863 Union Gunboats Shell and Destroy Blockade Runner Rattlesnake Near Fort McAllister, Georgia Georgia American Civil War Naval History University of Georgia
1864 Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Lead Ill-fated Union Raid to Free Federal Prisoners Virginia Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid The History Channel
Presidential Lincoln Receives Report That Ohio's Legislature Unanimously Supports His Renomination Ohio President Abraham Lincoln Politics Lincoln Papers
1865 U.S.S. Honeysuckle Captures Blockade Running British Schooner Sort Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1866 Georgia Chooses to Participate in Land-grant College Program under the 1862 Morrill Act Georgia Education University of Georgia
1867 The University of Illinois Is Established. Illinois Education Education University of Illinois Illinois State Historical Society
1872 West Virginia's State Legislature Passes Act to Establish a State Normal School at Concord Athens, West Virginia Education Concord University West Virginia Archives
1873 Gerhard Hansen Discovers the Bacterium That Causes Leprosy Norwegian Scientists and Mathematicians Leprosy Bacterial Infections IntelliHealth
1874 Georgia Creates the First State Department of Agriculture in the Nation Georgia Farming and Agriculture Historic Firsts University of Georgia
The American Premiere of J.S. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 3, Is Performed at New York's Academy of Music Johann Sebastian Bach New York City Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1878 Congress Approves the Issue of Silver Certificates and the Coinage of Silver Dollars U.S. Congress Silver Currency U.S. Treasury
1882 The Royal College of Music Is Founded in London London, England Music Royal College of Music American Public Media
1884 The First Issue of Florida's Palatka "Daily News" Is Published Palatka, Florida Journalism Historic Firsts Palatka Daily News Florida Historical Society
1887 Alabama Passes Its First Law Fixing Age Limits Work Hours for Certain Child Labor Alabama Labor Child Labor Laws and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Alabama
1893 First Freight Train from the East Arrives in Seattle, Washington over New Transcontinental Tracks Seattle, Washington Railroad Business Historic Firsts History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1909 Panama City, Florida Is Incorporated Panama City, Florida Panama City, Florida Florida Historical Society
1916 Allied Forces Conquer the Cameroons, a German Protectorate on Africa's West Coast Cameroon Germany World War I The History Channel
1921 The Cleveland Clinic Opens to Its First Patients Cleveland, Ohio Health Care Cleveland Clinic
1925 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Centers on Canada's Charlevoix-Kamouraska Area Canada Earthquake USGS
1932 The Last Ford Model A Is Produced Ford Motor Company Automobiles Henry Ford Museum
1935 Gerard Berchet Makes the First Strands of Nylon 6-6 Organic Chemistry Historic Firsts Chemical Heritage Foundation
1942 Detroit Blacks & Whites Clash over Access to New Government Housing Detroit Racism African-American Heritage <I>Detroit News</I>
1944 Nazi Soldiers Arrest Dutch Christian Corrie ten Boom and Her Family for Harboring Jews The Netherlands Nazi Germany Religion Judiasm Concordia
1947 Troops of Chiang Kai-Shek Massacre Taiwan Citizen Protesters: 30,000 die Taiwan February 27 Holocaust Death New Taiwan
1948 The Girls Rodeo Association Is Formed in San Angelo, Texas San Angelo, Texas Women Rodeo Women's Professional Rodeo Association Texas State Historical Association
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Senate Identifies Major Crime Syndicates in the U.S. U.S. Senate Crime New York Times
1952 Vincent Massey Is Sworn in as the First Canadian-born Governor-General Canadian Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Governor General of Canada
1953 James Watson & Francis Crick Discover Structure of DNA James Watson DNA Protein BBC Technology and Society Writer's Almanac
1954 U.S. Conducts 1 mT Atmospheric Nuclear Test on Bikini Island The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1968 NASA Launches ESSA-2 Satellite to Provide Worldwide Cloud-Cover Photography Space Exploration Clouds Photography NASA
1969 7.8 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 13 in Portugal and Morocco Portugal Morocco Earthquake Death USGS
1973 3.8 Magnitude Earthquake Felt in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland New Jersey Pennsylvania Earthquake USGS
1974 U.S. & Egypt Establish First Diplomatic Relations in 7 Years Egypt U.S. Government New York Times
1975 40+ Die When London's Underground Train Smashed into the End of a Tunnel London London Underground Death BBC
1977 Earvin "Magic" Johnson Scores 27 Pts in Michigan's First Televised High School Basketball Game Michigan Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame Television Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1979 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Mt. St. Elias, Alaska Alaska Earthquake USGS
1980 U.S. Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada The Cold War Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1982 Getty Museum Becomes World's Most Richly Endowed Museum with $1.2B Bequest from J. Paul Getty Los Angeles Museums Museums Economics Getty Museum The History Channel
1983 Final Episode of M*A*S*H Captures 77% of Viewing Audience Television Korean War M*A*S*H TVTome The History Channel
1986 Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme Is Assassinated in Stockholm Swedish Political and Social Leaders Death BBC
1987 Gorbachev Calls for Elimination of Europe's Nuclear Missiles Mikhail Gorbachev Nuclear Weapons European History The History Channel
1990 Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS 36) Is Launched for Four-day Defense Mission Space Shuttle NASA
30 People Are Injured in 5.5 Magnitude Southern California Earthquake California Earthquake USGS
1991 Gulf War Cease Fire Begins Iraq Gulf War BBC
1993 Federal Agents Begin 51-day Branch Davidian Standoff in Texas Texas Crime Religion New York Times The History Channel
1994 In NATO's First Military Action Ever, U.S. Fighters Shoot Down Serbian Bombers Over Bosnia Bosnia Serbia Aviation History NATO Historic Firsts The History Channel
Brady Bill Imposing Hand-gun Purchase Wait Period Becomes Law Gun Control Safety Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence
1995 Denver's New International Airport Opens Colorado Aviation Denver International Airport Autodesk
1997 6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 965 in Armenia-Azerbaijan-Iran Border Region Armenia Azerbaijan Iran Earthquake Death USGS
Historic Events that occur on this date from 2000 to present
2001 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Injures 400 in Washington's Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia Area Washington Earthquake USGS