The Vermont Flag The Vermont Flag


The Vermont Flag The Vermont Flag

Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
Why do you teach? Let Us Know. Tell Us about your most memorable teacher.

Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year was the first woman appointed to the Canadian Supreme Court on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what year did Jeannette Rankin begin her term as the first woman in Congress on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to James Madison University, what is Peggy Rathmann's full name? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist born on this date:

1. Who became the first woman to serve in a presidential cabinet on this date in 1933? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Mount Holyoke College, who was the British paleoanthropologist who encouraged Dian Fosey to conduct a long-term study of mountain gorillas? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to African American Registry, what amateur Johannesburg singing group did Miriam Makeba join in 1950? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a book written and illustrated by Peggy Rathmann (according to Houghton Mifflin):

(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the U.S. Congress, Jeannette Rankin served in which two sessions of Congress?

2. According to the African Music Encyclopedia, in what year did Miriam Makeba testify at the United Nations about Apartheid?

3. According to the International Swimming Hall of Fame, in what year did Gertrude Ederle become the first woman to swim the English Channel?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of musical style of Miriam Makeba (according to All Music Guide):
National Women's History Month
Separation Bar
Peggy Rathmann
Peggy Rathmann
Born on This Date 1953


Primary Children's Authors 1996 Caledecott Medal for Officer Buckle and Gloria

Dian Fossey
[University of Colorado]


Picture of Miriam Makeba
Miriam Makeba
Born on This Date 1932

Popular Musician

Jeannette Rankin
Jeannette Rankin

[U.S. Congress]

U.S. Congress

Gertrude Ederle
Gertrude Ederle
[Michigan State University]

International Swimming Hall of Fame 1924 Summer Olympics

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
British Virgin Islands: Stoutt's Birthday
(Commemoration of H. Lavity Stoutt, first Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands)
British Virgin Islands Island Sun
Vermont: Vermont Day
(Commemoration of Vermont admitted as the 14th state of the Union: 03/04/1791)
Vermont Government Printing Office
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1906 Meindert DeJong (Dutch Children's Author) Dutch Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1923 Patrick Moore (English Science & Science Fiction Writer, Children's Author) English Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Space and Astronomy BBC
1931 Miriam Bourne (New York-born Children's Author) New York Authors & Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
1949 Helen Frost (Illinois-born Children's Author) Illinois Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1953 Peggy Rathmann (Minnesota-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Peggy Rathmann Primary Children's Authors American Artists 1996 Caledecott Medal for Officer Buckle and Gloria
1966 Dav Pilkey (Ohio-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Dav Pilkey Primary Authors American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1875 Enrique Larreta (Argentine Novelist) Argentine Authors
1920 Ralph G. Martin (Chicago-born Biographer, Historian) Chicago Authors
1928 Alan Sillitoe (English Novelist) English Authors
1948 John Ellroy (Los Angeles-born Crime Novelist) Los Angeles Authors Writer's Alamanc
1965 Khaled Hosseini (Afghanistan Novelist) Afghanistan Authors Official Web Site Writer's Alamanc
Artists, Architects and Designers
1756 Henry Raeburn (Scottish Portrait Painter) Scottish Artists Artists
1890 Gerard Moerdijk (South African Architect) South African Artists and Architects Architecture South African History
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1678 Antonio Vivaldi (Italian Composer, Violinist) Antonio Vivaldi Composers Classical Musicians
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1394 Henry the Navigator (Portuguese Sponsor of Voyages of Exploration) Henry the Navigator Explorers Naval History New York Times
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1754 Benjamin Waterhouse (physician) Rhode Island Scientists & Mathematicians Small Pox
1859 Aleksandr Popov (Russian Physicist, Electrical Engineer) Russian Scientists Physics
1877 Garrett Morgan (Kentucky-born African-American Inventor of a Traffic Light) Garrett Morgan Inventors and Inventions Automotive Safety African American Scientists & Mathematicians
1881 Richard Tolman (Massachusetts-born Physical Chemist) Massachusetts Scientists Chemistry Physics
1904 George Gamow (Russian-American Nuclear Physicist. Cosmologist) Russian Scientists & Mathematicians Physics
Military Leaders
1747 Casimir Pulaski (Polish "Father of the American Cavalry") Casimir Pulaski The American Revolution
Business Leaders
1864 David Watson Taylor (Virginia-born Naval Officer, Naval Architect) Virginia Military Figures Naval History World War I
1909 Harry Helmsley (New York City-born Real Estate Investor) New York City Business Leaders American Business Leaders History Channel
Performing Artists
1889 Pearl White (Missouri-born Actress) Missouri Performing Aritsts American Performing Artists Film Internet Movie Database
1912 John Garfield (New York City-born Actor) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1932 Miriam Makeba (South African Popular Singer, Rights Activist) Miriam Makeba Popular Musicians Human Rights
1938 Paula Prentiss (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Broadway Database
1944 Bobby Womack (Ohio-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Bobby Womack Popular Musicians American Songwriters and Composers African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1950 Emilio Estefan (Cuban-American Music Producer, Songwriter) Cuban Performing Artists Popular Musicians Latin-American Performing Artists
1958 Patricia Heaton (Ohio-born Actress) Ohio Performing Aritsts American Performing Artists Television
1967 Evan Dando (Massachusetts-born Folk-Rock Musician) Massachusetts Performing Artists Folk Musicians Popular Musicians
1968 Patsy Kensit (English Popular Singer, Actress) English Performing Artists Popular Musicians Actors
Sports Figures
1888 Knute Rockne (Norwegian-American Football Coach; Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Knute Rockne College Football Hall of Fame New York Times
1891 Dazzy Vance (Iowa-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Iowa Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
1901 Charles Goren (Pennsylvania-born Contract Bridge Authority) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Games
1961 Ray "Boom Boom" Mancini (Ohio-born Professional Boxer) Ohio Sports Figures Boxing
1976 Peyton Manning (Louisiana-born Professional Football Player) Peyton Manning Football
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1193 Saladin (Sultan of Egypt and Syria) Egyptian Political and Social Leaders Syrian Political and Social Leaders Chambers Book of Days
1858 Matthew Calbraith Perry (Rhode Island-born Commodore in the U.S. Navy) Rhode Island Military Figures Naval Military History U.S. Navy Asian History
1866 Alexander Campbell (Irish-American Founder of Bethany College in West Virginia) Irish Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note Religion Bethany College West Virginia State Archive
1868 Jesse Chisholm (Tennessee-born Founder of the Chisholm Trail) Tennessee Explorers & Pioneers Famous American Explorers and Pioneers Westward Expansion History Channel
1883 Alexander Stephens (Governor of Georgia) Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1963 William Carlos Williams (New Jersey-born Latin-American Author, Physician) William Carlos Williams American Authors Poetry Latin-American Studies
Edouard Belin (French Engineer Who Invented the First Telephoto Transmission Device) French Scientists, Mathematicians & Inventors Inventors & Inventions History of Technology Photography Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1996 Minnie Pearl (Tennessee-born Country Comedian) Tennessee Performing Artists Country Performing Artists Internet Movie Database History Channel
1999 Harry A. Blackmun (Illinois-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Harry Blackmun United States Supreme Court
2009 Horton Foote (Texas-born Pulitzer Prize and Academy Award-winning Playwright, Screenwriter) Horton Foote Plays Film 1995 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, The Young Man from Atlanta 1962 Academy Award for Screenwriting
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1461 England King Henry VI Is Deposed by Edward, Duke of York, During War of the Roses English History British Royalty War of the Roses
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1665 King Charles II of England Declares War on the Netherlands England The Netherlands War European History
1681 Britain's Charles II Grants William Penn Charter for New American Province William Penn Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State Archives Historic UK
1699 Jews are Expelled from Lubeck Germany Germany Judaism Racism Jewish Encyclopedia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1762 The Georgia General Assembly Passes a Law Requiring Church Attendance and Prohibiting Travel on Sundays Except to Church Georgia Government Colonial Georgia Religion Separation of Church and State University of Georgia
1776 American Forces Occupy Dorchester Heights Just South of Boston Massachusetts American Revolution History Channel
1789 The U.S. Congress Meets for the First Time Under the Constitution U.S. Constitution U.S. Congress Historic Firsts Writer's Alamanc History Channel
1791 Vermont Becomes the 14th State of the Union Vermont United States New York Times
Pennsylvania's Israel Jacobs Is the First Jewish Member of Congress Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders Judaism Historic Firsts United States Congress
1793 George Washington Is Inaugurated for a Second Term George Washington The American Presidency Writer's Alamanc
1797 John Adams Is Inaugurated as the Second President of the United States John Adams The American Presidency Yale University
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 Thomas Jefferson Is First President Sworn into Office in Washington, D.C. Thomas Jefferson The American Presidency Historic Firsts American Public Media
The U.S. Marine Band First Performs for an Inaugural; Thomas Jefferson First Calls the Band "The President's Own" Thomas Jefferson The American Presidency Music U.S. Marine Band Historic Firsts American Public Media
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cloudy morning wind from the N W the after part of the day Clear, visited by the Black Cat & Big White, who brought a Small present of meat, an Engage of the N W Co. Came for a horse, and requested in the name of the woman of the princapal of his Department Some Silk of three Colours, which we furnishedó.

The Assinniboins who visited the Mandans a fiew Days ago returned and attempted to take horses of the Minetarres & were fired on by themó

Ordway: the wind high from the N. W. a nomber of the Savages bring us dryed meat and corn. The day pleasant.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Not any accurrance to day worthy of notice. we live Sumptiously on our wappatoe and Sturgeon. the Anchovey is so delicate that they Soon become tainted unless pickled or Smoked. the nativs run a Small Stick through their gills and hang them in the Smoke of their Lodges, or Kindle Small fires under them for the purpose of drying them. they need no previous preperation of gutting &c. and will Cure in 24 hours. the nativs do not appear to be very Scrupilous about eating them a little feated.

the fresh sturgeon they Keep maney days by immersing it in water. they Cook their Sturgeon by means of vapor or Steam. the process is as follows. a brisk fire is kindled on which a parcel of Stones are Sufficiently heated, the Stones are So arranged as to form a tolerable leavel Surface, the Sturgeon which had been previously cut into large flaetches is now laid on the hot Stones; a parcel of Small boughs of bushes is next laid on, and a Second course of the Sturgeon thus repeating alternate layers of Sturgeon & boughs untill the whole is put on which they design to Cook. it is next covered closely with mats and water is poared in Such manner as to run in among the hot Stones, and the vapor arriseing being confind by the mats, cooks the fish. the whole process is performd in an hour and the Sturgeon thus Cooked is much better than either boiled or roasted. in their usial way of boiting of other fish in baskets with hot Stones is not so good

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1809 James Madison Is Inaugurated as the 4th President of the United States James Madison The American Presidency Business and Economics Historic Firsts Yale University
The U.S. Marine Band Performs at the First Inaugural Ball James Madison The American Presidency Music Dance U.S. Marine Band Historic Firsts American Public Media
1811 The First Bank of the U.S. Liquidates Its Assets and Closes Its Doors Financial Institutions Economics History Channel
1813 John Conner Establishes Connersville, Indiana Connersville, Indiana Connersville, Indiana Village Profile Indiana Historical Society
1817 William Rabun, President of the Georgia Senate, Assumed Office as Governor of Georgia Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1823 Richard Keith Call Assumes the Position of Florida Territorial Representative in the United States House of Representatives Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Florida Historical Society
1824 Territorial Governor William Pope Duval Issues a Proclamation Officially Establishing Tallahassee as the Capital of Florida Tallahassee, Florida Law and Legal Resources Florida Historical Society
1825 John Quincy Adams Is Inaugurated as 6th U.S. President John Quincy Adams The American Presidency Yale University
1829 Andrew Jackson Is Inaugurated as 7th U.S. President and Entertains over 20,000 Visitors at the White House Andrew Jackson The American Presidency The White House Writer's Alamanc History Channel
1830 John Quincy Adams Enters Congress as a Representative of Massachusetts Massachusetts John Quincy Adams U.S. Congress
1837 Martin Van Buren Is Inaugurated as 8th U.S. President Martin Van Buren The American Presidency Yale University
The Illinois State Legislature Grants a City Charter to Chicago Chicago New York Times
1841 William Henry Harrison Delivers the Longest Inaugural Speech in History, Catches Pneumonia and Dies in 1 Month William Henry Harrison The American Presidency Pneumonia Writer's Alamanc
2 Members of the 2nd U.S. Infantry Are Wounded in a Skirmish with the Seminoles on Florida's Ocklawaha River Florida Seminole Indians War Florida Historical Society
1845 James K. Polk Is Inaugurated as 11th U.S. President James K. Polk The American Presidency Yale University
1847 In Michigan, Lt. Governor William L. Greenly Replaces Governor Alpheus Felch, Who Resigned to Take a Seat in the U.S. Senate Michigan Political and Social Leaders State of Michigan
1849 Zachary Taylor Refuses to Be Inaugurated on Sunday Zachary Taylor The American Presidency Yale University
1850 Emily Dickinson Sends a Valentine ("Awake ye muses") to Elbridge Bowdoin Emily  Dickinson Poetry Valentine's Day American Collection
1854 In Minnesota, St. Paul and Stillwater Are Incorporated as Cities Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
1856 Georgia's Governor Is Given Authority to Call a Statewide Convention Should the U.S. Congress Enact Any Law Regulating or Prohibiting Slavery Georgia Government U.S. Congress Slavery Law University of Georgia
1857 In Florida, 12 Members of the U.S. 4th Artillery and 5th Infantry Are Killed When Attacked By Seminoles Near Big Cypress Swamp Florida Seminole Indians War Death Florida Historical Society
1861 Abraham Lincoln Is Inaugurated as the 16th U.S. President Abraham Lincoln Speeches The American Presidency Writer's Alamanc Library of Congress History Channel Lincoln Logs University of Georgia
The U.S. Government Printing Office First Opens Government Printing Office Government Printing Office
The First Confederate flag Is Raised over the Alabama Capitol by the Granddaughter of Former U.S. President John Tyler Alabama President John Tyler American Civil War Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
1862 The U.S. Senate Confirms Appointment of Senator Andrew Johnson as Military Governor of Tennessee Tennessee Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Andrew Johnson American Civil War Lincoln Logs
The Federal Ship, U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba Captures the Sloop, O.K. Off the Florida Coast Near Cedar Keys Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
In New Mexico, Governor. Henry Connelly Flees Santa Fe with 120 Wagons Ahead of Advancing Confederate Troops Santa Fe, New Mexico American Civil War New Mexico Magazine
1863 President Lincoln Approves an Act of Congress Creating the National Academy of Sciences U.S. Congress Abraham Lincoln Science National Academy of Science IntelliHealth
The U.S.S. James S. Chambers Seizes the Blockade-Running Spanish Sloop Relampago and Schooner Ida Off Florida's Gulf Coast Spain Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
Abraham Lincoln Signs the Act Creating the Idaho Territory Idaho Abraham Lincoln Westward Expansion Library of Congress
1864 President Lincoln and Family Visit Grover's Theatre to See Edwin Booth Play "Richelieu" Washington, D.C. President Abraham Lincoln Stage and Theater Lincoln Logs
1865 Abraham Lincoln Is Inaugurated for a Second Term Abraham Lincoln Speeches The American Presidency American Collection Writer's Alamanc History Channel Lincoln Logs
Walt Whitman Describes President Lincoln As Very Worn and Tired Walt Whitman President Abraham Lincoln American Authors American Collection
In Florida, 1,000 Union Troops Land Near St. Mark's Lighthouse as Confederate Troops Prepare for an Assault on Tallahassee Tallahassee, Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1869 Ulysses S. Grant Is Inaugurated as 18th U.S. President U.S. Grant The American Presidency Yale University
The Delaware General Assembly Names Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. to Succeed His Father, .James A. Bayard, Jr., in the U.S. Senate Delaware Government U.S. Congress State of Delaware
1871 Virginia-born African-American, Josiah T. Walls, Is Sworn In as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida Virginia Political and Social Leaders Florida Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress African-American Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1872 The Boston Globe Publishes Its First Edition Boston, Massachusetts Journalism Historic Firsts The Boston Globe Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1873 In New York, The Daily Graphic Publishes Its First Edition as America's First Illustrated Daily Newspaper New York City Media Journalism Art Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1877 Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake Is First Performed at the Bolshoi Theatre Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Ballet Historic Firsts American Public Media
1881 James A. Garfield Is Inaugurated As 20th U.S. President James A. Garfield The American Presidency Yale University
1883 Georgia's Governor Alexander Stephens Dies in Office Georgia Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1885 Grover Cleveland Is Inaugurated as 21st U.S. President Grover Cleveland The American Presidency Yale University
1886 S. W. Prichard Is Elected the First President of the Florida State Teachers' Association at its meeting in DeFuniak Springs Florida Education Educator of Note Elections Historic Firsts Florida Education Association Florida Historical Society
1887 Gottlieb Daimler's First Gasoline-Powered Motor Carriage Makes Its First Test Run in Esslingen and Cannstatt, Germany German Scientists & Inventors Automotives Historic Firsts History Channel
William Randolph Hearst Buys the San Francisco Examiner San Francisco Journalism San Francisco Examiner
1889 Benjamin Harrison Is Inaugurated as 23rd U.S. President Benjamin Harrison The American Presidency Yale University
1893 Grover Cleveland Is Inaugurated as 24th U.S. President Grover Cleveland The American Presidency Yale University
1897 William McKinley Is Inaugurated as 25th U.S. President William McKinley The American Presidency Yale University
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 William McKinley Is Inaugurated for Second Presidential Term William McKinley The American Presidency Yale University
1902 The American Automobile Association (AAA) Is Founded in Chicago Chicago Automobiles AAA History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society
Seattle Voters Approve the Construction of a Hydroelectric Dam That Will Provide the City's First Electricity Seattle, Washington Dams Electricity History Link
1904 In Hardin County, Texas, the Batson-Old Oilfield Reaches Its Peak Daily Production of More Than 150,000 Barrels of Crude Hardin County, Texas Business Texas State Historical Association
1905 Theodore Roosevelt Is Sworn in for His Second Term as President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt The American Presidency Yale University New York Times
1908 Lakeview Primary School Catches Fire in Collingwood, Ohio: 175 Die Ohio Education Fire Safety Death National Fire Protection Association
1909 William Howard Taft Is Inaugurated as 27th U.S. President During 10" Snowstorm William Howard Taft The American Presidency Yale University
1912 Sawmill Workers in Hoquiam, Washington Go Out on Strike Hoquiam, Washington Labor Strike Trees History Link
1913 Woodrow Wilson Is Inaugurated as the 28th U.S. President Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency History Channel University of Georgia
Just Hours Before Leaving Office, President William Howard Taft Signs the Bill Establishing the Department of Labor U.S. Department of Labor William Howard Taft Labor Law U.S. Department of Labor
Willard Saulsbury, Jr. Is the Last U.S. Senator Elected by the Delaware General Assembly Prior to Implementation of the 17th Amendment to the Constitution Delaware Government U.S. Congress 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution State of Delaware
1915 President Woodrow Wilson Signs the Alaska School Lands Bill, Turning over to the Territory Sections 16 and 36 of All Surveyed Townships Alaska Education Woodrow Wilson The American Presidency Education Law Alaska Historical Society
1917 Representative Jeannette Rankin of Montana Begins Her Term as First Female Member of Congress Jeannette Rankin U.S. Congress Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1921 Congressional Act Creates Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas Arkansas U.S. Congress Hot Springs National Parks (pdf)
William Faulkner's "Marionettes", a One-Act Play, Is Produced at the University of Mississippi William Faulkner American Authors University of Mississippi American Collection
1922 F. Scott Fitzgerald Publishes The Beautiful and Damned F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1925 Calvin Coolidge Is Inaugurated as 30th U.S. President Calvin Coolidge The American Presidency Yale University
1929 Herbert Hoover Is Inaugurated as 31st U.S. President Herbert Hoover The American Presidency Yale University State Historical Society of Iowa
Charles Curtis Is the First Native-American Vice-President Herbert Hoover Native-American Studies Historic Firsts U.S. Senate
Ruth Bryan Owen Begins Her First of Two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's Fourth Congressional District Florida Political and Social Leaders American Women Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Florida Historical Society
1930 Former President Calvin Coolidge Dedicates Coolidge Dam Near Globe, Arizona Arizona Dams Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation
1933 Franklin Roosevelt Is Inaugurated for His First Term as President Franklin Roosevelt The American Presidency Writer's Alamanc History Channel
John Nance Garner of Texas Leaves His Position as Speaker of the House to Become Vice President of the United States Texas Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress Franklin Roosevelt Texas State Historical Association
Austrian Premier, Engelbert Dollfuss, Suspends Parliamentary Government and Prohibits Political Parades and Assemblies Austria Nazi Germany League of Nations
Labor Secretary, Frances Perkins Is First Woman to Serve in a Presidential Cabinet American Presidency Women Historic Firsts New York Times
1939 Governor E.D. Rivers Signs a Resolution Adopting an Official "Georgian's Creed" Georgia Government Law University of Georgia
1941 The British Navy Fails in Its Effort to Capture a German Enigma Decoding Machine Great Britain Germany Naval Military History World War II History Channel
1943 Patton Arrives in Tunisia Tunisia George S. Patton World War II University of San Diego
In Elkton, Maryland, an Explosion at a Weapons Factory Producing Incendiary Bombs and 20mm Shells Kills 15 Workers, Wounding 75 Elkton, Maryland Labor World War II Death State of Delaware
1944 The U.S. 8th Air Force Launches the First American Bombing Raid of Berlin Berlin Aviation Military History World War II Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 Ernest Hemingway Writes His Publisher Advising He Has Completed The Old Man and the Sea Which Will Be Awarded the Pulitzer Prize Ernest Hemingway The Old Man and the Sea 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Literature Writer's Alamanc History Channel
8.1 Magnitude Earthquake with a 10' Tsunami Kills 62 in Japan, Destroying over 1,000 Homes Japan Earthquakes Tsunami Death U.S. Geological Survey
In North Hollywood, California, Ronald Reagan Marries Nancy Davis California Ronald Reagan History Channel
1953 Georgia Governor Herman Talmadge Signs Legislation Requiring Public School Students to Pass Courses in Georgia and U.S. History Georgia Education Education U.S. History Law University of Georgia
1954 U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles Asks Nations of Latin America to Condemn "International Communism" South America U.S. Government Cold War History Channel
1955 Inaugural Conference of the South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU) Opens in Johannesburg South Africa Labor Historic Firsts South African History
1963 African National Congress Leader, Walter Sisulu, Is Sentenced to 6 Years in Prison for Protesting South Africa's Constitution Act of 1961 Walter Sisulu Apartheid Crime Law South African History
1964 Jimmy Hoffa Is Convicted of Jury Tampering Notorious Persons of Indiana Notorious Americans Labor Crime FBI
1966 In Minnesota, a 4-day Storm Leaves 23" of Snow in Aitkin and 37" in International Falls Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1968 U.S. Launches Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 (OGO 5) Space Weather NASA
1975 Charlie Chaplin Is Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II British Performing Artists Queen Elizabeth II Charlie Chaplin BBC
1977 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake in Romania Kills 1,541 People. Injuring 10,500 Romania Earthquakes Death U.S. Geological Survey
1978 Chicago Daily News Publishes Its Last Issue after 103 Years Chicago Journalism Library of Congress
1979 U.S. Voyager I Photo Provides First Evidence of Jupiter's Ring Jupiter Photography NASA
1980 Nationalist Leader Robert Mugabe Wins a Sweeping Election Victory to Become Zimbabwe's First Black Prime Minister Robert Mugabe Elections Historic Firsts BBC
1982 Bertha Wilson Is the First Woman Appointed to the Canadian Supreme Court Canada Women Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts CBC
NASA Launches Intelsat V Satellite 504 Space Exploration Global Satellite Chart NASA
1984 Television Academy Management Hall of Fame Announces Its First Inductees David Sarnoff William S. Paley Television Television Academy Management Hall of Fame
1985 The EPA Announces a Virtual Ban on Leaded Gasoline Environmental Science Lead Automobiles Television News Archive
1987 President Ronald Reagan Tells the Nation His Overtures to Iran ''Deteriorated'' into an Arms-for-Hostages Deal Iran Hostage Crisis Iran-Contra Scandal New York Times
1989 Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. Announce Plans to Merge into the World's Largest Media and Entertainment Conglomerate Journalism Television Film Business Time Warner New York Times
1990 6.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 11 People in Pakistan, Injuring 40 Pakistan Earthquakes Death U.S. Geological Survey
Space Shuttle STS 36 (Atlantis 6) Returns from 5-day Defense Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1991 Iraq Releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW Iraq Great Britain Italy USA Gulf War Television News Archive
1994 Four Muslims Are Found Guilty of 1993 Bombing the New York World Trade Center New York World Trade Center Islam Law War on Terrorism Television News Archive
Space Shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16) Is Launched for 14-day Scientific Mission Space Shuttle NASA
1997 President Bill Clinton Bars Spending Federal Money on Human Cloning President Bill Clinton Medical Research Cloning Economics Law New York Times