The United Nations


The United Nations

United Nations
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What special day is observed by the United Nations each year on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who addressed Congress on this date in 1884? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to African American Registry, how many movies did Louise Beavers appear in between 1929 and 1960? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:

1. Why is International Women's Day observed on March 8? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Hispanic Heritage Award Foundation, what position does Linda Chavez-Thompson hold within the AFL-CIO? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the National Women's History Project, in what events did Florence-Griffith Joyner win gold medals at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, Korea? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of Carole Bayer Sager song nominated for a Grammy in 1996 (according to Hollywood Film Festival):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Songwriters Hall of Fame, what high school did Carole Bayer Sager attend?

2. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, what computer language did Grace Hopper help to pioneer?

3. According to Status of Women Canada, in what year was the International Women's Day established by the United Nations?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1950 movie in which Louise Beavers appeared (according to the Internet Movie Database):
National Women's History Month
Separation Bar
Carole Bayer Sager
Carole Bayer Sager
Born on This Date 1944

[Hollywood Film Festival]

American Composers & Songwriters

Grace Hopper
[University of Pennsylvania]

Computer Pioneer

Louise Beavers
Louise Beavers
Born on This Date 1902



Linda Chávez-Thompson
[Hispanic Heritage Awards]

Labor leader

Florence Griffith Joyner
Florence Griffith Joyner

USA Track and Field Hall of Fame

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
United Nations: International Women's Day
(Observed annually on March 8 to commemorate the New York garment workers' protest of 03/08/1857)
United Nations Women International Women's Day
Peru: San Juan de Dios
(Annual March 8 commemoration of the life of San Juan de Dios)
Syria: Revolution Day
(Commemoration of revolution that brought the Baath Arab Socialist Party to power: 03/08/1963)
`Syria U.S. Department of State `Damascus Online
Uzbekistan: Women's Day Uzbekistan Women Asian Development Bank
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1859 Kenneth Grahame (Scottish Children's Author) Kenneth Grahame Primary Children's Authors
1920 Edna Miller (New Jersey-born Children's Author) Edna Miler Primary Children's Authors Female American Artists
1951 Peter Roop (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1965 Robert Sabuda (Michigan-born Children's Author) Robert Sabuda Primary Children's Authors  American Artists
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1890 Gene Fowler (Colorado-born Journalist, Scriptwriter) Colorado Authors & Illustrators Journalism Filmmakers
1899 Eric Linklater (Scottish Poet) Scottish Authors & Illustrators Poetry
1900 Marcus B. Christian (Louisiana-born African-American Poet) Louisiana Authors and Illustrators Poetry African-American Authors & Illustrators African American Registry
1917 Leslie Fiedler (New Jersey-born Literary Critic) New Jersey Authors and Illustrators Writer's Almanac
1931 John McPhee (New Jersey-born Journalist, Playwright, and Essayist) John McPhee Journalism Plays
1933 James A. Autry (Tennessee-born Author) Tennessee Authors and Illustrators
Artists, Architects and Designers
1495 Giovanni Rosso (Italian Painter, Decorator) Italian Artists
1867 Homer C. Davenport (Oregon-born Political Cartoonist) Oregon Artists Journalism Political Cartoonists
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1857 Ruggero Leoncavallo (Italian Operatic Composer) Italian Composers Opera
1911 Alan Hovhaness (Massachusetts-born Composer) Massachusetts Composers American Composers
Explorers, Pioneers, Aviators and Astronauts
1850 George Glenn (Texas-born African-American Traildriver) Texas Pioneers & Explorers Westward Expansion African-American Pioneers Texas States Historical Association
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1712 John Fothergill (English Medical Pioneer) English Scientists and Mathematicians Health Care Professionals African-American Scientists and Mathematicians Technology and Society
1825 Alexander Thomas Augusta (Virginia-born First African American to Head a U.S. Hospital) Virginia Scientists and Mathematicians Health Care Professionals African-American Scientists and Mathematicians African American Registry
1879 Otto Hahn (German Chemist: 1944 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry) Otto Hahn Chemistry 1944 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
1886 Edward Calvin Kendall (Connecticut-born Biochemist: 1950 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) Connecticut Scientists & Mathematicians Medical Research 1950 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
1953 Howard Aiken (New Jersey-born Mathematician) Howard Aiken Mathematics
Business Leaders
1827 John Crerar (New York City-born Railway Industrialist) New York City Business Leaders Railroads
Political and Social Leaders
1495 Juan de Dios (Spanish-born Catholic Saint) Spain Portugal Catholic Saints
1798 Mathew Caldwell (Kentucky-born "Paul Revere of the Texas Revolution;" Namesake of Caldwell County, Texas) Kentucky Poliitcal and Social Leaders Texas Revolution Texas States Historical Association
1841 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (Massachusetts-born Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Justice) Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. U.S. Supreme Court
1911 Clarence Mitchell (Maryland-born African-American Attorney, Civil Rights Advocate, Lobbyist for the NAACP) Maryland Political and Social Leaders Law and Legal Resources Civil Rights NAACP African-Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Performing Artists
1902 Louise Beavers (Ohio-born African-American Actress) Louise Beavers Actors Film African-American Performing Artists
1923 Cyd Charisse (Texas-born Dancer, Actress) Texas Performing Artsts Dance Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1940 Susan Clark (Canadian Actress) Canadian Performing Artsts Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1943 Lynn Redgrave (English Actress) English Performing Artsts Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1945 Micky Dolenz (Los Angeles-born Popular Musician: The Monkeys) Los Angeles Performing Artsts Popular Musicians Internet Movie Database
1947 Carole Bayer Sager (New York City-born Popular Songwriter) Carole Bayer Sager Popular Music American Composers & Songrwriters Internet Movie Database
1959 Aidan Quinn (Chicago-born Actor) Chicago Performing Artsts Filmmakers Internet Movie Database
1961 Camryn Manheim (Illinois-born Actress) Illinois Performing Artsts Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1976 Freddie Prinze, Jr. (New Mexico-born Latin-American Actor) Freddie Prinze, Jr. Actors Hispanic-American Studies Internet Movie Database
Sports Figures
1922 Carl Furillo (Pennsylvania-born Professional Baseball Player) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Baseball
1953 Jim Rice (South Carolina-born African-American Professional Baseball Player) South Carolina Sports Figures Baseball African-American Sports Figures
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1702 William III of Orange (King of England) English Political and Social Leaders British Monarchy BBC Greenwich Guide
1796 William Chambers (English Architect) English Artists, Architecs and Designers Architecture Chambers Book of Days
1837 Joseph Jekyll (English Author) English Authors and Illustrators Authors Chambers Book of Days
1869 Hector Berlioz (French Composer) Hector Berlioz Composers
1874 Millard Fillmore (New York-born 13th President of the United States) Millard Fillmore American Presidents
1887 Henry Ward Beecher (Connecticut-born Religious Leader) Henry Ward Beecher Religious Leaders
1888 David Hunter Strother (West Virginia-born Journalist, Illustrator) West Virginia Authors and Illustrators Journalism American Artists West Virginia Archives
1898 Edward Lloyd Thomas (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Figures Mexican-American War American Civil War University of Georgia
1930 William Howard Taft (Ohio-born 27th President of the United States) William Howard Taft American Presidents
Edward T. Sanford (Tennessee-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Tennessee Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court
1941 Sherwood Anderson (Ohio-born Author) Sherwood Anderson American Authors
1963 Cosby Smith Hubbard (Georgia-born Educator, Legislator) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Educators of Note University of Georgia
1971 Harold Lloyd (Nebraska-born Actor) Harold Lloyd Actors Film
1977 Moses Kottler (Lithuanian South African Sculptor) Lithuanian Artists Artists South African History
1993 Billy Eckstine (Pennsylvania-born African-American Popular Singer) Pennsylvania Performing Artsts Popular Musicians Jazz African-American Performing Artists
1999 Joe DiMaggio (California-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Joe Dimaggio Baseball Hall of Fame New York Times
2005 Ahmos Zu-Bolton II (Mississippi-born African-American Author) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators American Authors African-American Authors and Illustrators
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1698 The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge Is Organized in England Great Britain Religion The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1702 Anne Is Crowned Queen of England English History Queen Anne New York Times
1715 King Louis XIV Proclaims He Has Ended the Practice of Protestantism in France French Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Religion Concordia
1750 London Earthquake Tosses People Out of Bed, Rings Church Bells London Earthquakes BBC
1782 Ohio Territory Militia Begin 2-day Massacre of Delaware Indian Settlement of Gnadenhutten Ohio Delaware Indians Death Ohio Historical Society
1796 Oliver Ellsworth Is Sworn in as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Connecticut Political and Social Leaders President George Washington U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 British and Ottoman Forces Take Control of Abukir Bay in French-occupied Egypt Egypt France Great Britain Turkey War History Channel
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fair morning Cold and windey, wind from the East, visited by the Greesey head & a Riarca to day, those men gave Some account of the Indians near the rockey mountains

a young Indian same nation & Different Village Stole the Doughter of the Black man, he went to his Village took his horse & returned & took away his doughter

Ordway: a nomber of the Savages continue bringing corn and fat dryed buffaloe meat for to Git Blacksmiths work done

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Bratten is much better this morning, his back givs him but little pain.

Collins returned early in the morning, and informed us that he had killed three Elk about five miles distance on the edge of the prarie in point Adams. one of them fell in a deep pond of water and he could not git to it. the other two he butchered and Saved. he saw two large herds of Elk in that quarter.

we Sent Drewyer & Jos: Field to hunt these Elk, a party was also Sent with Labiesh for the flesh of the Elk which Drewyer and himself had killd up the Netul, they returned with it in the evening.

Shields, R. Field and Frasure returned this evening from the Kilhawanackkle unsuccessfull haveing Seen no Elk.

Willard is yet complaining and is low Spirited.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1831 Mexican Officials Appoint Manuel Victoria as Governor of California Mexico California Political and Social Leaders Latin-American Political and Social Leaders Learn California
1836 Creoles and Americans Divide New Orleans into Three Independent Municipalities New Orleans Louisiana Secretary of  State
1855 The London Is the First Locomotive to Cross the Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge Railroads Niagara Falls Historic Firsts McCord Museum of Canadian History
1857 Dakota-Sioux Indians Attack Settlements Around Iowa's Spirit Lake, Killing 33 Iowa Dakota Indians Death Spirit Lake, Iowa Historical Society of Iowa
Female Garment & Textile Workers March in New York City New York City Women Labor International Women's Day
1858 Douglas County Is Formed, Honoring Stephen A. Douglas, Who Advocated Minnesota's Statehood Douglas County, Minnesota Stephen A. Douglas Minnesota Historical Society
1860 Presidential Candidate Abraham Lincoln Campaigns in Woonsocket, Rhode Island Woonsocket, Rhode Island Abraham Lincoln Politics Woonsocket, Rhode Island Lincoln Papers
Brashear (Morgan City), Louisiana Is Incorporated Morgan City, Louisiana Morgan City, Louisiana Louisiana Secretary of  State
The Alaskan State Legislature Passes a Bill Permitting Non-Profit Organizations to Operate Games of Chance Alaska Government Economics Law Alaskan Historical Society
1861 President Lincoln Writes Congressman Colfax of Indiana Why He Was Not Chosen for the Cabinet Schuyler Colfax President Abraham Lincoln The American Presidency Politics Lincoln Papers
1862 The Confederates Ironclad Merrimac Destroys Two Federal Ships Monitor v. the Merrimac Naval History History Channel Lincoln Papers Texas States Historical Association
U.S.S. Sagamore Captures the Sloop Enterprise Off the Florida Coast Florida American Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Meets General Grant Face to Face for the First Time President Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War Historic Firsts Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Receives Report New Hampshire Elections Have Gone Solidly to Union Ticket New Hampshire President Abraham Lincoln Elections Lincoln Papers
1869 Michigan Ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment Guaranteeing Former Slaves the Right to Vote Michigan 15th Amendment Voting Rights Reconstruction State of Michigan
1870 Sophia Smith Is the First Woman to Endow a College for Women Massachusetts Education Philanthropy Historic Firsts Smith College Massachussetts Foundation for the Humanities
1880 President Hayes Declares U.S. Must Control a Canal in Panamá Panamá Canal Rutherford B. Hayes American Presidents University of Virginia
1884 Susan B. Anthony Addresses Congress in Support of Suffrage Susan B. Anthony U.S. Congress Women's Rights Women's Suffrage Library of Congress
1888 Ruby City Is Established as the First County Seat of Okanogan County, Washington Okanogan County, Washington Okanogan County, Washington History Link
1889 The Westra Posten Is Published as Seattle's First Swedish Newspaper Sweden Seattle, Washington Journalism Historic Firsts History Link
1892 Heavy Snow in Duluth, Minnesota Forces Some Residents to Exit Their Homes Via Second Story Windows Duluth,  Minnesota Snow Minnesota Historical Society
1893 Emmet Dalton Begins Life Sentence in the Kansas State Penitentiary Kansas The Dalton Gang Crime History Channel
1894 New York Passes the First State Law Requiring Dog Licenses New York Taxes Dogs Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1896 Volunteers of America Forms Community Service Organizations Volunteers of America Massachusetts
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1909 Nine Agents of the Secret Service Transfer to Begin the FBI U.S. Government The FBI U.S. Treasury
49 People Are Killed and 600 Injured When a F-4 Tornado Hits Brinkley, Arkansas Brinkley, Arkansas Tornado Death Thinkquest Arkansas History Commission
1910 International Women's Day Proclaimed at the Helsinki Women's Conference Finland International Women's Day Women's Rights Women's Suffrage
1913 The IRS Begins Accepting the First Federal Income Tax Payments 16th Amendment Taxes Law & Legal Resources Merriam-Webster
1915 Legislation Calling for Full Suffrage for Women Fails in the Delaware House Delaware Government Women Women's Suffrage State of Delaware
The Indiana State Legislature Creates the Indiana Historical Commission to Oversee Observance of the State's 1916 Centennial Indiana Government U.S. History Indiana Historical Society
1917 U.S. Senate Limits Filibusters by Adopting the Cloture Rule U.S. Senate New York Times
Russia's February (old style calendar) Revolution Begins Russia Revolutions and Revolutionaries New York Times History Channel
1920 Denmark, Cuba and Switzerland Join the League of Nations Cuba Denmark Switzerland League of Nations League of Nations Archive
The U.S. Supreme Court Finds in Minnesota's Favor in a Boundary Squabble with Wisconsin over Control of the Duluth Harbor Duluth, Minnesota Wisconsin U.S. Supreme Court Law Minnesota Historical Society
1924 Coal Mine Explosion Kills 172 at Castle Gate, Utah Utah Death Utah State Archives
1926 The Size of Washington's Sand Point Naval Air Station Is Tripled Washington Naval History History Link
1933 A Dust Storm Covers the State of Minnesota Minnesota Farming & Agriculture Wind Great Depression Minnesota Historical Society
1935 Thomas Wolfe Publishes His Second Novel Of Time and the River Thomas Wolfe American Authors American Collection
1936 The First Stock Car Race Is Held at Daytona, Florida Florida Auto Racing Historic Firsts History Channel
1942 Japanese Land Troops in New Guinea To Establish a Base for Operations Against Australia New Guinea Japan World War II League of Nations Archive
Dutch Forces Surrender to the Japanese on the Island of Java The Netherlands Japan Indonesia World War II History Channel
Construction Begins on the ALCAN Highway through Canada to Alaska Canada Alaska Automotives University of Washington African American Registry
1945 German V2 Rocket Hits Methodist Church in Greenwich, England, Killing 5 Greenwich, England Nazi Germany World War II Death Greenwich Guide
The State of Georgia Creates a State Department of Veterans Service to Assist Returning Veterans Georgia Government Veterans World War II Georgia Historical Society
1946 Winston Churchill and Dwight Eisenhower Address Virginia's General Assembly Virginia's General Assembly Winston Churchill Dwight Eisenhower Virginia Historical Society
The Bell Model 47 Is the First Helicopter Certified for Commercial Use New York City Aviation History Historic Firsts Centennial of Flight
1947 Washington State Legislature Creates a Fact-finding Committee on Un-American Activities Washington State Legislature McCarthyism History Link
1948 U.S. Supreme Court Rules Religious Instruction in Public Schools Is Unconstitutional Constitutional Law Separation of Church and State School Law Religion McCollum v. Board of Education
1949 Channel 5, WAGA-TV, Begins Broadcasting as Atlanta's CBS Affiliate Atlanta, Georgia Television Historic Firsts WAGA-TV University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 In the U.S. Senate, the Tydings Committee Begins Investigating Senator McCarthy's Allegations of Communist Activities within the U.S. Government Senator Joe McCarthy U.S. Senate McCarthyism Wisconsin Historical Society
British Car Manufacturer, Rover, Road Tests a Gas Turbine Car Great Britain Automotives BBC
1957 Israeli Troops Leave Egypt: Suez Canal Reopens Israel Suez Canal History Channel
1959 Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx Appear Together on Television for the Final Time The Marx Brothers Television Internet Movie Database
1963 Military Coup Brings Baath Arab Socialist Party into Power in Syria `Syria Damascus Online
1964 Malcolm X Announces His Break with the Nation of Islam Malcolm X Islam African-Amrican Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1965 First U.S. Combat Troops (3,500 Marines) Arrive in Vietnam `Vietnam War Historic Firsts History Channel
1967 NASA Launches OSO-3 Satellite to Perform Solar Physics Experiments Above the Atmosphere Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1970 100 Native Americans Attempt to Claim Part of Seattle's Fort Lawton for a Cultural Center Seattle, Washington Native American Heritage History Link
1971 British Postal Workers End Seven-week Walkout Great Britain Labor Job Actions BBC
Joe Frazier Defeats Muhammad Ali to Remain Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali Boxing Hall of Fame African American Sports Figures New York Times
1972 Bomb Explodes in the Cockpit of a TWA Boeing 707 at the Las Vegas Airport Las Vegas, Nevada Terrorism Aviation History BBC
1976 The Largest Meteorite (1,770 kg) in Recorded History Falls to Earth over Jilin, China China Meteors & Meteorites Warsaw University
1977 In Penick v. Columbus Board of Ed, Circuit Court Judge Robert Duncan Rules That the Columbus, Ohio City Schools Are Segregated Columbus, Ohio Education Racism Civil Rights/Human Rights Law Ohio Historical Society
1982 U.S. Accuses USSR of Poison/Chemical Weapons in Afghanistan Soviet Union Afghanistan Cold War History Channel
1983 President Reagan Calls the Soviet Union the "Evil Empire" Soviet Union Ronald Reagan The American Presidency Cold War Time
U.S. House Endorses Nuclear Weapons Freeze with Soviets U.S. Congress Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War TV News Archive
1985 Beirut Car Bomb Kills 45 Beirut, Lebanon Terrorism Death BBC
Critically-ill Man Dies After Being Kept Alive for 11 Hours by a Mechanical Heart Artificial Hearts Medical Research IntelliHealth
The Film, Mask, Premieres Film Internet Movie Database
1986 Four French TV Crew Members Abducted in West Beirut Lebanon France Lebanon Television Terrorism TV News Archive
Japan's Suisei Probe Encounters Comet Halley at 151,000 km on the Sunward Side Japan Space Exploration Halley's Comet NASA
1991 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in Eastern Siberia Russia Earthquake USGS
1999 Supreme Court Refuses to Review Timothy McVeigh's Oklahoma City Bombing Conviction Oklahoma Supreme Court Terrorism CNN
Historic Events that occur from 2000 -2009 on this date
2001 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-102) on Space Station Assembly Mission Space Shuttle International Space Station NASA
Divers Raise the Wreckage of Donald Campbell's Speedboat, Bluebird, from Lake Bottom Donald Campbell Naval History BBC