Ides of March
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Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
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Gnus for Kidz

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. Which Irish children's author was born on this date in 1921? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Which Israeli children's author was born on this date in 1944? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Author Corner, which Ruth White book was named a 1997 Newbery Honor book? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a state in which Ruth White was a teacher or librarian (according to the Author Corner):

1. What was the title of the musical that opened on Broadway on this date in 1956? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Academy of Achievement, where did Whoopi Goldberg make her performing debut at age eight? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to Cornell University, from what high school did Ruth Bader Ginsburg graduate? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1928 book by Margaret Mead (according to Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, how old was Kathy Whitworth when she began playing golf?

2. According to the American Museum of Natural History, during what years did Margaret Mead work for the museum?

3. According to the Internet Broadway Database, who was the actress who played the lead role of Eliza Doolittle when My Fair Lady opened on Broadway on this date in 1956?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a player against whom Kathy Whitworth competed in a sudden-death playoff (according to the Women's Senior Golf Tour):
National Women's History Month
Separation Bar
Ruth White
Ruth White
Born on This Date 1942

[Carroll County, Maryland]

Young-adult Author

Margaret Mead

[University of Rochester]


Whoopie Goldberg


Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Born on This Date 1933

[Pepperdine University]

U.S. Supreme Court

Kathy Whitworth

[Women's Senior Golf Tour]
World Golf Hall of Fame
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
The Ides of March The Ides of March Julius Caesar
Belarus: Constitution Day
(Commemoration of the adoption of the constitution of the Republic of Belarus: 03/15/1994)
Expedia Belarus
Hungary: Revolution Day
(Commemoration of students who seized control of the Hungarian government: 03/15/1848)
Hungary U.S. Department of State American Hungarian Educator's Association
Liberia: Joseph Jenkins Roberts' Birthday
(Commemoration of the birth date of Liberia's first president: 03/15/1809)
Liberia Joseph Jenkins Roberts World Travel Guide
Palau: Youth Day
(Observed annually on March 15)
Palau World Travel Guide
Virginia: Peter Francisco Day
(Observed annually on March 15 in honor of the life of patriot, Peter Francisco)
Virginia Military Figures American Revolution Virginia Historical Society
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1921 Maureen Daley (Irish Children's Author) Irish Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors Alan Review
1932 Barbara Cohen (New Jersey-born Children's Author) New Jersey Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1937 Sarah Sargent (Virginia-born Children's Author) Virginia Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1942 Ruth White (Virginia-born Children's Author) Ruth White Young-adult Authors
1944 Adèle Geras (Israeli Children's Author) Israeli Authors & Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1830 Paul Heyse (German Author) German Authors & Illustrators
1875 Wallace Irwin (New York-born Journalist, Writer) New York Authors & Illustrators Journalism
1936 James Whitehead (Missouri-born Poet, Novelist) Missouri Authors & Illustrators Poetry
1959 Ben Okri (Nigerian Novelist, Short Story Writer, Poet) Nigerian Authors & Illustrators Poetry Writer's Almanac
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1835 Eduard Strauss (Austrian Composer) Austrian Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1854 Emil von Behring (German Bacteriologist: 1901 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine) German Scientists & Mathematicians Bacteria 1901 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine
1858 Liberty Hyde Bailey (Michigan-born Botanist/Horticulturist ) Michigan Scientists & Mathematicians Botany New York Times
Explorers, Puineers, Aviators and Astronauts
1932 Alan Bean (Texas-born Astronaut ) Alan Bean Astronauts
Military Leaders
1831 Edward Aylesworth Perry (Massachusetts-born Confederate General - 14th Governor of Florida) Massachusetts Military Leaders American Civil War The History Channel Florida Historical Society
Political and Social Leaders
1767 Andrew Jackson (South Carolina-born Seventh President of the United States) Andrew Jackson The American Presidency
1779 William Lamb Melbourne (Prime Minister of England) English Political and Social Leaders
1809 Joseph Jenkins (J.J.) Roberts (Virginia-born African-American: First President of Liberia) Liberia J.J. Roberts African-American Political and Social Leaders
1843 Richard Henry Boyd (Mississippi-born African-American Minister, Entrepreneur, Publisher, Black Nationalist) Mississippi Political and Social Leaders Slavery Religious Leaders and Theologians African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1857 Christian Michelsen (Prime Minister of Norway) Norwegian Political and Social Leaders
1858 Edward R. Carter (Georgia-born African-American Religious Leader) Georgia Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1911 Ivan Allen, Jr. (Mayor of Atlanta During U.S. Civil Rights Movement) Atlanta, Georgia U.S. Civil Rights Movement University of Georgia
1933 Ruth Bader Ginsburg (New York City-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Ruth Bader Ginsburg Supreme Court of the United States
1947 Federico Peña (Texas-born Latin-American Statesman) Federico Peña Statesman President Bill Clinton Latin-American Studies
The Notorious
1935 Jimmy Lee Swaggart (Louisiana-born Evangelist) Notorious Persons of Louisiana Religion
Performing Artists
1910 Nick Stewart (New York City-born African-American Producer) New York City Performing Artists Stage and Theater African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1912 Sam "Lightnin" Hopkins (Texas-born African-American Blues Musician) Texas Performing Artists Blues and Jazz African American Registry
1913 Macdonald Carey (Iowa-born Actor) Iowa Performing Artists Actors Television Film Internet Movie Database
1915 David Schoenbrun (New York City-born Radio Broadcaster) New York City Radio Journalism
1916 Harry James (Georgia-born Jazz Trumpeter) Georgia Performng Artists Jazz University of Georgia Texas State Historical Association
1935 Judd Hirsch (New York City-born Actor) New York City Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1944 Sly Stone (Texas-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Sly Stone Popular Musicians African-American Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Sports Figures
1877 Malcolm Whitman (New York City-born Member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame) New York City Sports Figures >International Tennis Hall of Fame
1902 Henri Saint Cyr (Swedish Olympic Equestrian) Swedish Sports Figures Horses Olympic Games
1926 Norm Van Brocklin (South Dakota-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) South Dakota Sports Figures Professional Football Hall of Fame
1946 Bobby Bonds (California-born African-American Professional Baseball Player) California Sports Figures Baseball African American Sports Figures African American Registry
1956 Clay Matthews (California-born Professional Football Player) California Sports Figures Football
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
44 B.C. Julius Caesar (Roman Emperor) The Roman Empire Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare William Shakespeare The History Channel
1853 Isaac Johnson (Former Governor of Louisiana) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1883 Henry Constantine Wayne (Georgia-born Confederate General) Georgia Military Leaders American Civil War University of Georgia
1886 Michael Hahn (Former Governor of Louisiana) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders
1888 Squire Whipple (Massachusetts-born Engineer) Massachusetts Mathematicians and Scientists Bridges Technology and Society
1891 Joseph Bazalgette (English Engineer) English Mathematicians and Scientists Bridges Technology and Society
1898 Henry Bessemer (English Inventor of Method for Strengthening Steel) Henry Bessemer Iron Inventors and Inventions
1911 William Dunnington Bloxham (Former Governor of Florida) Florida Political and Social Leaders Florida Historical Society
1975 Aristotle Onassis (Greek Shipping Tycoon) Greek Business Leaders Business
1990 Tom Harmon (Indiana-born Member of the College Football Hall of Fame) Indiana Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame 1940 Heisman Trophy Winner
1998 Benjamin Spock (Connecticut Pediatrician) Benjamin Spock Medicine Child Advocacy
Historic B.C. Events that Occurred on this Date
44 B.C. Julius Caesar Is Murdered in the Senate House of Rome The Roman Empire Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare William Shakespeare The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1400s that Occurred on this Date
1493 Columbus Returns to Spain after First New World Voyage Spain Christopher Columbus Concordia
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1517 Needing Money the Catholic Church Begins Selling Indulgences to Forgive Past and Future Sins Catholicism Religion Economics Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1729 Sister St. Stanislas Hachard, America's First Catholic Nun, Takes Her Vows in New Orleans New Orleans Catholicism Historic Firsts Louisiana Secretary of  State
1744 French King Louis XV Declares War Against England France England War French Government
1758 Georgia's Royal Governor and General Assembly Divide the Colony into Eight Parishes Georgia Government Colonial Georgia University of Georgia
1783 General George Washington's Surprise Appearance Ends the Newburgh Conspiracy Newburgh, New York George Washington American Revolution The History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a fine day I put out all the goods & Parch meal Clothing &c to Sun, a number of Indians here to day They make maney remarks respecting our goods &c. Set Some men about Hulling Corn &c.
Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: This morning at 11 oClock the hunters arived, haveing Killed four Elk only. Labiesh it Seams was the only Hunter who fell in with the Elk and haveing by some accident lost the foresight of his gun Shot a great number of times and only killed four. as the Elk were scattered we Sent two parties for them, they returned in the evening with four Skins, and the flesh of three Elk, that of one of them haveing become putred from the liver and pluck haveing been carelessly left in the Animal all night.

Late this evening we were visited by Ca-tel a Clatsop man and his family. he brought a Canoe and a Sea Otter Skin for Sale neither of which we could purchase of him. the Clatsops which had brought a Canoe for Sale last evening us this morning. Bratten is still very weak and unwell.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1820 Maine Is Admitted as the 23rd State of the United States Maine History Missouri Compromise Library of Congress History Channel Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1827 King George IV Grants Royal Charter for King's College (University of Toronto) Canada Education University of Toronto
1840 Seminole Warriors Attack a U.S. Infantry Unit Near Florida's Fort Drane - No Casualties Florida Seminole Indians Forts Florida Historical Society
1848 Hungarians Demand Freedom from Hapsburg Domination Hungary American Hungarian Educator's Association
1855 Louisiana Governor Paul Octave Hebert Authorizes the First State Health Board Louisiana Government Health Care Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1861 President Lincoln Asks Advice of His Cabinet on the Wisdom of Provisioning Ft. Sumter, SC South Carolina President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Fort Sumter Lincoln Papers
Michigan Prepares to Provide Troops to the Federal Army if the South Rebels Michigan Government American Civil War Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1862 Lincoln Authorizes Commission with Britain and France for Preservation of Atlantic Fisheries Great Britain France President Abraham Lincoln Fish Economics Lincoln Papers
1864 Forces of the Union Navy Reach Alexandria, Louisiana Alexandria, Louisiana American Civil War Ohio State University
Special Order Issued for 700 Slaves to Construct Defenses Against Federal Forces in Florida Florida Slavery American Civil War Florida Historical Society
President Lincoln Formalizes the Appointment of Michael Hahn as Military Governor of Louisiana Louisiana Political and Social Leaders President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Issues Directive Regarding the Treatment of Churches in New Orleans New Orleans President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Religion Lincoln Papers
1865 President and Mrs. Lincoln Attend a Performance of "The Magic Flute" at Grover's Theater Washington, D.C. President Abraham Lincoln Stage and Theater Opera Lincoln Papers
1867 University of Michigan Is First University in the Nation Supported by Direct Property Tax Michigan Education Taxes Historic Firsts University of Michigan Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, Baseball's First Professional Team, Plays Its First Game Cincinnati, Ohio Baseball Major League Baseball Historic Firsts New York Times
1875 Archbishop John McCloske Is the First American Named a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church Catholicism New York City Political and Social Leaders Religion Historic Firsts Concordia
"Taming of the Shrew" Is Seattle's First Locally Staged Theatrical Production Seattle, Washington William Shakespeare Taming of the Shrew Historic Firsts History Link
1887 Michigan Appoints First Salaried Game & Fish Warden: William Allen Smith of Grand Rapids Michigan Government Hunting & Fishing Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1906 Charles S. Rolls & F. Henry Royce Officially Register Rolls Royce Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights Business & Economics Rolls Royce The History Channel
1913 Woodrow Wilson Holds First Presidential Press Conference Woodrow Wilson American Presidency Journalism Historic Firsts New York Times
1917 Nicholas II, Russia's Last Czar, Is Forced to Abdicate His Throne Nicholas II History Channel
1919 The American Legion Is Founded in Paris, France Paris, France War The American Legion
1921 Ellen Glasgow's "The Dynamic Past" Is Published in The Reviewer Virginia Authors & Illustrators American Authors Journalism American Collection
1922 South Africa's Military Uses Artillery to Attack the Stronghold of Striking Gold Miners South Africa Gold Labor Protests South African History
1927 West Virginia's State Auditor Resigns from Office after Being Impeached West Virginia Government West Virginia Archives
1929 Flooding Covers Elba, Geneva and Brewton, Alabama with Up to 15' of Water Alabama Flooding Alabama Archives
1933 State of Georgia Borrows $2M to Keep Its Schools Open Georgia Education Education The Great Depression University of Georgia
1937 First Blood Bank Established at Cook County Hospital, Chicago Chicago Health Care Blood Historic Firsts Cook County Hospital
The State of Washington Outlaws Dance Marathons Washington Government Dance Law and Legal Resources History Link
1939 NAZI Troops Occupy Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Nazi Germany Radio Prague History Channel
1941 An Unexpected Blizzard Hits North Dakota and Minnesota, Killing 151 People Minnesota North Dakota Snow Death The History Channel
1944 Allied Forces Begin Their Assault on the Italian Town of Cassino with Heavy Bombing Italy Aviation History World War II Air Force Historical Studies Office
1946 Asiatic Land Tenure and Trading Act Further Restricts Rights of Indians in South Africa South Africa India South African History
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1954 "Sh-boom", the First Doo-wop Song, Is Recorded by The Chords Popular Music Historic Firsts The History Channel
1955 Fats Domino's "Ain't That a Shame" Is Put on Tape for Release Fats Domino Popular Music Notable African Americans National Public Radio
1956 My Fair Lady Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1960 President Eisenhower Designates Key Largo Coral Reef as First Underwater Preserve Florida President Eisenhower The American Presidency Oceanography Findlaw
200 Students Stage Sit-ins at Ten Lunch Counters in Downtown Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia Civil Rights African-American Heritage University of Georgia
Kitt Peak National Observatory Is Dedicated in Arizona Arizona Observatories National Solar Observatory/Kitt Peak
1961 South Africa Withdraws from the British Commonwealth South Africa British Commonwealth South African History
1963 Victor Harry Feguer Is the Last Criminal Executed in Iowa Iowa Government Crime Capital Punishment State Historical Society of Iowa
1965 President Johnson Declares War on Poverty Lyndon Johnson American Presidency Human Rights Economics New York Times The History Channel
TGIFriday's First Restaurant Opens in New York City New York City Foods & Nutrition Business & Economics TGIFridays
1967 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva Sworn in as President of Brazil Brazil Bookrags
1969 The New Yorker Publishes Eudora Welty's "The Optimist's Daughter" Eudora Welty American Authors Journalism American Collection
1970 Purlie Opens on Broadway New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1972 Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather Premieres in New York City New York City Film Crime The History Channel Internet Movie Database
Fred Bear Is the First Person Inducted into the Archery Hall of Fame Pennsylvania Sports Figures Archery Historic Firsts State of Michigan
1973 President Nixon Warns North Vietnamese about Cease-fire Violations Richard Nixon The American Presidency Vietnam War University of California Santa Barbara
1976 NASA Launches SOLRAD 11A Satellite to Monitor Solar X-ray, UV, and Particle emissions Space Exploration The Sun NASA
1977 Eight is Enough Premieres on ABC-TV Television Internet Movie Database
1981 Passengers and Crew of a Pakistan Airways Plane Are Released in Syria After Nearly Two Weeks. Pakistan Syria Aviation Terrorism BBC
1983 5.3 Magnitude Earthquake Kills One in Honshu, Japan Japan Earthquake Death USGS
1985 Ohio's Governor Temporarily Halts All Business at the State's Savings and Loan Institutions Ohio Government Economics The History Channel
1987 Starlight Express Opens at Gershwin Theater NYC New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
Sweet Charity Closes at New York City's Minskoff Theater New York City Musical Theater Internet Broadway Database
1989 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Is Promoted to Cabinet Rank U.S. Government American Presidency War U.S. House of Representatives
Mikhail Gorbachev Calls for Introduction of Free Market into Soviet Farms Mikhail Gorbachev Farming & Agriculture Business & Economics The Cold War The History Channel
1990 Iraqi Government Executes British Journalist, Farzad Bazoft, for Espionage Iraq Great Britain Journalism Capital Punishment Death BBC
Sikh Members of RCMP Allowed to Wear Turbans on Duty Canada Religion Royal Canadian Mounted Police
1990 The Ford Explorer Is Introduced to the Public Automobiles Ford Motor Company Ford Trucks
1991 Sergei Bubka of the Soviet Union Is the First Athlete to Pole Vault 20' Soviet Sports Figures Track and Field Historic Firsts New York Times
1993 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near the Coast of Northern Chile Chile Earthquake USGS
1994 Adobe Systems Announces Plan to Buy Aldus Corporation, Maker of Pagemaker Business & Economics History of Computer Technology Adobe Systems
Michigan Voters Shift School Funding Support from Property Tax to Sales Tax Michigan Education Education Taxes Voting Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1995 Shareholders Approve $10B Merger of Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta Corporation Business Lockheed-Martin University of Georgia
1997 North Carolina Basketball Coach, Dean Smith, Record His 877th Win, an NCAA Record North Carolina Sports Figures Kansas Sports Figures Basketball Hall of Fame North Carolina Basketball New York Times
1999 Maurice Ashley Is the First African-American Grandmaster Jamaican Sports Figures Chess African-American Sports Figures New York Times African American Registry
Curtis Mayfield Is Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for a Second Time Chicago Performing Artists Rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists University of Georgia
Historic Events that occur from 2000-2009 on this date
2002 Angola' s Government Begins Peace Talks to End 27-year Civil War Against UNITA Rebels Angola Government War South African History