Swallow Swallow


Swallow Swallow

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1.Who is the children's author born on this date in 1939 (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what state was actress Glenn Close born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress American Memory, how old was Althea Gibson when she took her first tennis lesson? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an artist, architect or designer born on this date:

1. Who was the author who had the story "Magic" published on this date in 1936? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Teaneck Public Library, which of Robin Brancato's books was made into a film and aired by CBS in 1980? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Lakewood Public Library, what award did Mary Edwards Walker receive for her service in the American Civil War? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a performing artist who was born on this date: SABLE MOMMY
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Library of Congress, who raised Eleanor Roosevelt after she was orphaned?

2. According to the History Channel, from which university did Eudora Welty graduate?

3. Which actress made her film debut in Roman Holiday the same year the Academy Awards were first broadcast on television?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a book written by Robin Brancato (according to PICA FUNG
National Women's History Month
Separation Bar

Robin Brancato
Born on This Date 1936

[Gale Group]

Young-adult Authors

Mary Edwards Walker
Born on This Date 1832

[University of San Diego]


Nancy Elizabeth Prophet
Born on This Date 1890

[African American Registry]

American Artists

Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt

[Kate Campbell Stevenson]

Franklin Roosevelt

Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson

International Tennis Hall of Fame

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Catholicism: Feast of St. Joseph
(Annual March 19 celebration of the life of St. Joseph)
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1848 James Otis Kaler (Maine-born Children's Author) James Otis Kaler Young-adult Authors
1936 Robin Brancato (Pennsylvania-born Children's Author) Robin Brancato Young-adult Authors
1939 Lucy Bate (Washington, D.C-born Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors Primary Authors
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1721 Tobias Smollett (Scottish Novelist, Satirist, Physician) ) Scottish Authors
1821 Richard Burton (English Explorer, Translator, Scholar) Richard Burton Explorers
1824 William Allingham (Irish Poet) Irish Authors Poetry
1916 Irving Wallace (Chicago-born Novelist) Irving Wallace
1917 Eddie Lee (Mississippi-born World War II Pilot, Author of Journey Into Nowhere) Mississippi Authors World War II Aviation Military History
1919 Peter Abrahams (Black South African Novelist, Journalist) South African Authors Journalism Apartheid
1933 Philip Roth (New Jersey-born Novelist) Philip Roth 2002 National Book Foundation Distinguished Contributions to American Letters
1934 Charles Talbert (Mississippi-born Theologian, Author) Mississippi Authors Theologians, Religious Leaders
1945 Judith Hill (Mississippi-born Food Editor and Writer) Mississippi Authors Foods and Nutrition
1601 Alonso Cano (Spanish Painter, Sculptor, Architect) Spanish Artists Artists Architecture
1864 Charles Marion Russell (Missouri-born Artist of the American West) Charles Russell American Artists
1890 Nancy Elizabeth Prophet (Rhode Island-born African-American Sculptor) Elizabeth Prophet American Artists African-American Artists
1901 Jo Mielziner (American Stage Designer) Stage and Theater Internet Broadway Database
1905 Albert Speer (German Architect, Nazi Minister for War Production) Germany Nazi Germany Architecture
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1873 Max Reger (German Composer) German Composers Composers
1929 Robert Muczynski (Chicago-born Composer) Chicago Composers American Composers
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1813 David Livingstone (Scottish Missionary, Explorer: First European to See Victoria Falls) Scottish Explorers Africa Victoria Falls
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1883 Walter Norman Haworth (English Chemist: 1937 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) English Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry Center for the Study of Technology and Society 1937 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1900 Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie (French Physical Chemist: 1935 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie Physics Chemistry 1935 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1943 Mario Jose Molina (Mexican-American Chemist: 1995 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Mario Jose Molina Chemistry Ozone Latin-American Scientists & Mathematicians 1995 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
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1849 Alfred von Tirpitz (German Admiral, Chief Builder of the German Navy Prior to World War I) German Military Figures Naval Military History World War I
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1488 Johannes Magnus (Swedish Roman Catholic Archbishop, Historian) Swedish Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism
1748 Elias Hicks (New York-born Quaker Minister; Abolitionist) New York Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Quakers Abolition
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1734 Thomas McKean (Pennsylvania-born President of the State of Delaware, President of the U.S. Congress under the Articles of Confederation) McKean County, Pennsylvania Delaware Colonial America Articles of Confederation History Channel
1816 William Jennings Bryan (Illinois-born Politician, Orator: Three-Time Candidate for President of the United States) William Jennings Bryan Politics
1891 Earl Warren (Los Angeles-born Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Earl Warren U.S. Supreme Court
1904 John J Sirica (Connecticut-born Federal Judge Who Presided over the Watergate Trials) Connecticut Political & Social Leaders Watergate Affair Richard Nixon Law and Legal Resources
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1848 Wyatt Earp (Illinois-born Gunfighter, Lawman) Wyatt Earp Notorious Americans
1906 Adolf Eichmann (German Administrator of Nazi Death Camps) Notorious Germans Nazi Germany War Crimes
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1894 Moms Mabley (North Carolina-born African-American Comedian) North Carolina Performing Artists American Performing Artists African American Performing Artists Writer's Almanac African American Registry
1936 Ursula Andress (Swiss Actress) Switzerland Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography
1947 Glenn Close (Connecticut-born Actress) Connecticut Actors Actors Film Biography
1955 Bruce Willis (American Actor) American Performing Artists Film Television Internet Movie Database Biography
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1887 José Méndez (Cuban-American Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Cuban Sports Figures Latin-American Sports Figures National Baseball Hall of Fame African American Registry
1914 Jay Berwanger (Iowa-born Football Player Awarded the First Heisman Trophy) Iowa Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame Football
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1687 Robert Cavelier La Salle (French Explorer of the Mississippi River; Assassinated in Texas by One of His Men) Robert Cavelier La Salle Texas Explorers of North America Mississippi River
1806 James Jackson (English-American Governor of Georgia) English Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leader University of Georgia
1875 Edgar Rice Burroughs (Chicago-born Adventure Writer: Creator of Tarzan) Edgar Rice Burroughs American Authors
1980 Lillian Ngoyi (South African Women's Activist) South African Political and Social Leaders Women South African History
1987 Louis de Broglie (French Physicist: 1929 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Louis de Broglie Physics 1929 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1997 Willem de Kooning (Dutch-American Artist) Willem de Kooning Artists
2008 Arthur C. Clarke (English Science Fiction Author of 2001, A Space Odyssey) Arthur C. Clarke Authors Young-Adult Authors BBC
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1687 French Explorer Robert Cavelier La Salle Is Assassinated in Texas by One of His Men Robert Cavelier La Salle Texas Explorers of North America Mississippi River Arkansas History Commission
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Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: It continued to rain and hail in Such a manner that nothing Could be done to the Canoes. a party were Sent out early after the Elk which was killed last evening, with which they returned in the Course of a fiew hours, we gave Commorwool alias Cania, a Certificate of his good conduct and the friendly intercourse which he has maintained with us dureing our residence at this place: we also gave him a list of our names &c.— The Kilamox, Clatsops, Chinnooks, Cath lah mahs Wau ki a cum and Chiltz I—resemble each other as well in their persons and Dress as in their habits and manners.— their complexion is not remarkable, being the usial Copper brown of the tribes of North America. they are low in Statue reather diminutive, and illy Shaped, possessing thick broad flat feet, thick ankles, crooked legs, wide mouths, thick lips, noses Stuk out and reather wide at the base, with black eyes and black coarse hair.

I have observed Some high acqualine noses among them but they are extreemly reare. the most remarkable trate in their physiognamy is the peculiar flatness and width of the forehead which they Artificially obtain by compressing the head between two boards while in a State of infancy, and from which it never afterwards perfectly recovers. This is a custom among all the nations, we have met with West of the Rocky Mountains. I have observed the head of maney infants, after this Singular Bandage had been dismissed, or about the age of 11 or 12 months, that were not more than two inches thick about the upper part of the forehead and reather thiner Still higher. from the top of the head to the extremity of the nose is one Streight line. this is done in order to give a greater width to the forehead, which they much admire. This process seams to be continued longer with their female than their male children, and neither appears to Suffer any pain from the opperation. it is from this peculiar form of the head that the nations East of the Rocky Mountains, call all the nations on this Side, except Aliahtans, So-so-ne, or Snake Indians by the General name of Flat Heads. I think my Self that the provalence of this custom is a Strong proof of those nations haveing originally proceeded from the Same Stock. The nations of this neighbourhood or those recpitulated above, ware their hair loosly flowing on their back and Sholders; both men and women divide it on the Center of the Crown in front and throw it back behind the ear on each Side. they are fond of Combs and use them when they Can obtain them; and even without the aid of Combs keep their in better order, than maney nations who are in other respects much more Civilized than themselves.—

The large or apparently Sweled legs particularly observable in the women, are obtained in a great measure by tying a cord tight around the leg above the ancle bone. their method of Squating or resting themselves on their hams which they Seam from habit to prefer to Setting, no doubt contributes much to this deformity of the legs by preventing free circulation of the blood. This is also the Custom of the nations above.

The dress of the men like those above on the Columbia river Consists of a Small robe, which reaches about as low as the middle of the thye and is attatched with a String across the breast and is at pleasure turned from Side to Side as they may have an occasion to disincumber the right or left arm from the robe entirely, or when they have occasion for both hands, the fixture of the robe is in front with it's corner loosly hanging over their Arms. they Sometimes wear a hat which have already been discribed Their Robes are made most commonly of the Skins of a Small animal which I have Supposed was the brown mungo, tho' they have also a number of the Skins of the tiger Cat, Some of those of the Elk which are used principally on their war excursions, others of the Skins of Deer, panthor, Bear, and the Speckle Loon, and blankets wove with the fingers of the wool of the native Sheep. and Some of those on the Sea Coast have robes of Beaver and the Sea Otter. a mat is Sometimes temperaly thrown over the Sholders to protect them from rain. they have no other article of Cloathing whatever neither winter nor Summer, and every part except the Sholders and back is exposed to view. they are very fond of the dress of the whites, which they ware in a Similar manner when they Can obtain them, except the Shoe or mockerson which I have never Seen worn by any of them. They Call us pâh-shish-e-ooks or Cloath men. The dress of the women consists of a roab, tissue, and Sometimes when the weather is uncomonly Cold, a vest. their robe is much Smaller than that of the men, never reaching lower than the waist nor extending in front Sufficiently far to cover the body. it is like that of the men confined across the breast with a String and hangs loosely over the Sholders and back. the most esteemed & valuable of those robes are made of Strips of the Skin of the Sea Otter net together with the bark of the white Cedar or Silk grass. these fish are first twisted and laid parallel with each other a little distance asunder, and then net or wove together in Such a manner that the fur appears equally on both Sides, and united between the Strands. it makes a worm and Soft covering. other robes are formed in a Similar manner of the Skins of the rackoon, beaver &c. at other times the Skins is dressed in the hair and worn without any further preperation. in this way one beaver Skin or two of the rackoon or one of the tiger Cat forms a vest and Covers the body from the Armpits to the waist, and is confined behind, and destitute of Straps over the Sholder to keep it up. The petticoat or tissue which occupies the waiste has been already described formd. of the Bark of white cedar, Silk grass, flags & rushes. The women as well as the men Sometimes cover themselves from the rain by a mat worn over the Sholders. They also Cover their heads from the rain Sometimes with a common water cup or basket made of Cedar bark and bear grass.

Those people Sometimes mark themselves by punctureing and introducing a Colouring matter. Such of them as do mark themselves in this manner prefur the legs and arms on which they imprint parallel lines of dots either longitudinally or circularly. the woman more frequently than the men mark themselves in this manner. The favorite orniments of both Sexes are the Common corase blue and white beads as before discribed of the Chinnooks. Those beads the men wear tightly wound around their wrists and Ankles maney times untill they obtain the width of three or four inches. they also wear them in large rolls loosely around the neck, or pendulous from the cartelage of the nose or rims of the ears which are purfarated in different places round the extremities for the purpose. the woman wear them in a Similar manner except in the nose which they never purfarate. they are also fond of a Species of wompum, which is furnished by a trader whome they call Swipton. it seams to be the nativ form of the Shell without any preperation. this Shell is of a conic form Somewhat curved about the Size of a ravens quill at the base, and tapering to a point which is Sufficiently large to permit a hollow through which a Small thread passes; it is from 1 to 1˝ inches in length, white, Smooth, hard and thin these are worn in the Same manner in which the beeds are; and furnish the men with their favorite orniment for the nose. one of these Shells is passed horizontally through cartilage of the nose and Serves frequently as a kind of ring which prevents the string which Suspends other orniments at the Same part from Chafing and freting the flesh. The men Sometimes wear Collars of Bears Claws, and the women and children the tusks of the Elk variously arranged on their necks arms &c. both male and female wear bracelets on their wrists of Copper, Brass or Iron in various forms. The women Sometimes wash their faces & hands but Seldom.

The men of those nations partake of much more of the domestic drudgery than I had at first Supposed. they Collect and prepare all the fuel, make the fires, cook for the Strangers who visit them, and assist in Cleaning and prepareing the fish. they also build their houses, construct their Canoes, and make all their wooden utensils. the peculiar province of the woman Seams to be to collect roots and manufacture various articles which are prepared of rushes, flags, Cedar bark, bear grass or way tape, also dress and manufacture the Hats & robes for Common use. the management of the Canoe for various purposes Seams to be a duty common to both Sexes, as are many other occupations which with most Indian nations devolve exclusively on the womin. their feasts of which they are very fond are always prepared and Served by the men.—.—. it Continued to rain So constantly dureing the day that Sergt. Pryor Could not Pay his Canoes. The Clatsop Chief Commowool and the two Cath-lah-mahs left us this evening and returned to their village.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1823 U.S. Secretary of War, John C. Calhoun, Orders the Creation of a Road between St. Augustine and St. Mary's, Florida Florida Florida Historical Society
1825 The Hudson Bay Company Opens Fort Vancouver at Site of Today's Vancouver, Washington Vancouver, Washington Forts History Link
1826 Cherokee Leader, John Dunn Hunter, Arrives in Mexico City Seeking a Cherokee Settlement in Texas Mexico Texas Cherokee Indians Texas State Historical Association
1831 First Recorded U.S. Bank Robbery Takes Place in New York City New York City Economic Institutions Crime Historic Firsts History Channel
1834 Six English Farm Laborers Are Sentenced to Exile in Australia for Forming a Trade Union England Australia Farming & Agriculture Labor Crime Historic UK
1838 West Virginia's Grave Creek Mound, a Native American Burial Mound, Is Opened Grave Creek Mound Woodland People Official Website West Virginia State Archive
1840 In San Antonio, Republic of Texas Soldiers Kill 30 Comanche Indians, Including 5 Women and Children Republic of Texas Commanche Indians Death Texas State Historical Association
1842 Balzac Botches Publicity Stunt and His Play Les Ressources de Quinola Opens to an Empty House Honore de Balzac Plays Propaganda History Channel
1845 Houghton County, Michigan Is Created Houghton County, Michigan State of Michigan
1849 Aaron Goodrich Is Appointed Chief Justice of the Minnesota Territory Minnesota Law and Legal Resources Minnesota Historical Society
1850 Trial of John Webster Begins in Boston, Massachusetts Boston, Massachusetts Crime Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1853 China's Taiping Army Seizes Nanjing As Its Capital, Renaming the City Tianjing China Chinese Ministry of Culture
1859 The Opera ''Faust'' by Charles Gounod Premieres in Paris Paris Composers Opera Historic Firsts New York Times
1861 Elias Howe Wins the Sewing Machine Wars When His Patent Is Reissued Elias Howe Inventors and Inventions Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1865 Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina Begins North Carolina Battle of Bentonville History Channel
1867 A Treaty Signed in Washington, D.C., Establishes the White Earth Reservation for Ojibwe Tribes in Minnesota Minnesota Washington, D.C. Ojibwe Historic U.S. Documents Minnesota Historical Society
1897 Michigan Supreme Court Rules the Governor May Not Also Serve as the Mayor of Lansing at the Same Time Lansing, Michigan Law and Legal Resources Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1898 Harper's Weekly Publishes Stephen Crane's Short Story, "Death and the Child" Stephen Crane American Authors Journalism American Collection
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1910 Portage, Wisconsin's Company F Wins the National AAU Basketball Tournament in Chicago, Defeating the St. Louis Premiers, 36-14 Chicago, Illinois Portage, Wisconsin St. Louis, Missouri Basketball AAU Wisconsin Historical Society
1912 15 Elk Arrive from Wyoming to Populate a Refuge in Wallowa County, Oregon Wallowa County, Oregon Elk
1915 Pluto First Appears in a Photograph, But Goes Unnoticed Pluto Photography Historic Firsts
1916 The First U.S. Combat Air Missions Are Flown Over Mexico to Support Pursuit of Pancho Villa by American Troops Poncho Villa Aviation Military History War Historic Firsts History Channel
1917 The U.S. Supreme Court Upholds 8-hour Day for Railroad Employees Supreme Court Labor Railroads New York Times
1918 U.S. Congress Approves Time Zones & Daylight Saving Time U.S. Congress Time Zones U.S. Naval Observatory
Iowa's First Junior College Established in Mason City Iowa Education Education Historic Firsts Northern Iowa State Area Community College Iowa State Historical Society
1920 The U.S. Senate Rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the Second Time U.S. Congress Treaty of Versailles The New York Times
1924 E. E. Cummings Marries Elaine Orr Thayer E. E. Cummings American Authors American Collection
1925 State of Michigan Passes a Law Requiring Fishermen to Have a License Michigan Government Fishing Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1928 Amos 'n' Andy Premieres on Radio Radio African-American Heritage History Channel
1931 Nevada State Legislature Legalizes Gambling Nevada History Channel
1936 Eudora Welty's Stories "Death of a Traveling Salesman" and "Magic" Are Accepted for Publication Eudora Welty American Authors Journalism Mississippi Writers Project
1937 Royal Mail Wins England's 100th Grand National at Aintree England Horse Racing Royal National, Aintree BBC
1941 German Incendiary Bombs Set Two Greenwich, England Churches Ablaze Greenwich, England Nazi Germany World War II Religion Aviation Military History Fire Greenwich Guide
1942 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US Is Formed in Chicago Horse Racing The Thoroughbred Racing Association
1945 Kamikaze Attacks USS Franklin off Japan: 800 Die World War II Aviation History Naval History Death New York Times
Adolf Hitler Orders the Destruction of German Facilities That Could Fall into Allied Hands Germany Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II New York Times
Germany's General Fromm Is Executed for Hitler Assassination Attempt German Military Leaders Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Capital Punishment History Channel
1947 Georgia's Supreme Court Rules the General Assembly Exceeded Its Power Selecting a Governor in the State's "Three-Governor Affair" Georgia Government Politics Law and Legal Resources University of Georgia
1949 East Germany Approves a New Constitution Germany Cold War History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Herman Wouk's Caine Mutiny is Published Herman Wouk American Authors American Collection
1952 The One Millionth Jeep Is Produced Automobiles History Channel
1953 The Academy Awards Are Televised for the First Time Television Film Historic Firsts The Academy Awards History Channel
Cecil B. DeMille's Greatest Show on Earth Receives Oscar for Best Picture Cecil B. DeMille Film The Academy Awards History Channel
1964 NASA's Launch of Beacon Explorer-A Satellite Fails to Reach Orbit Space Exploration Earth Science NASA
1966 Texas Western Is the First Team to Win the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship Starting Five African-American Players NCAA Mens Basketball Basketball African-American Heritage Historic Firsts University of Texas El Paso New York Times African American Registry History Channel
1968 Howard University Students Seize the University's Administration Building for Four Days Vietnam War Civil Rights African-American Heritage Howard University
1970 Cambodia's National Assembly Declares State of Emergency Granting "Full Power" to Premier Lon Nol and Banning Public Assembly Cambodia History Channel
Leaders of East and West Germany Meet for the First Time Germany Historic Firsts BBC
The Name of the White House Police Is Changed to the U.S. Protective Service U.S. Government The White House U.S. Treasury
1971 Earthquake, Landslide, Flood and Avalanche Wipe Out Chungar, Peru: 600 Die Peru Earthquake Death History Channel
1975 Anti-Apartheid Labor Party Takes Control of 31 of 40 Seats on South Africa's Colored Persons Representative Council South African Government Apartheid Election South African History
1976 Buckingham Palace Announces Princess Margaret Will Separate from Lord Snowdon After 16 Years of Marriage England Princess Margaret BBC
1977 France Conducts 150 kT Underground Nuclear Test France Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1979 C-SPAN Begins Broadcasting Live From the U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives Television Historic Firsts C-SPAN Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1982 50 Argentines Land at the British Colony of the Falkland Islands and Raise the Argentine Flag England Argentina BBC
1985 IBM Pulls the Plug on the PCjr IBM Computer Technology History Channel
1986 Engagement of England's Prince Andrew & Sarah Ferguson Announced English History British Monarchy Television News Archive
1988 Two British Soldiers Are Murdered in Belfast, Northern Ireland Ireland Great Britain Terrorism Death Television News Archive
1990 Latvia Holds Its First Free Elections in 50 Years Latvia Soviet Union Elections New York Times
Major League Baseball Owners End 32-day Lockout Baseball Labor Major League Baseball Television News Archive
1992 AOL Stock Goes Public on NASDAQ At an Original Price of $11.50/Share Markets & Investments Official Website
Buckingham Palace Announces the Duke and Duchess of York Will Separate England Prince Andrew BBC
1996 The Bosnian Capital of Sarajevo Is Reunited as a Single City Bosnia Television News Archive
Historic Events that occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2000 6.2 Magnitude Earthquake Causes Minor Damage in the Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Earthquake USGS
2003 U.S. Invasion of Iraq Begins with Missile Attack on Iraqi Leadership in Baghdad Iraq U.S. Invasion of Iraq History Channel
2011 Coalition Forces Begin Air Attack to Destroy Libyan Defense Systems Libya War BBC