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MARCH 21

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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. Who is the Massachusetts children's author or illustrator born on this date? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. In what state was Rosie O'Donnell born? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Library of Congress, what is the meaning of the name "Pocahontas?" (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:
AREA GRAM MYTH
INTERMEDIATE

1. Who recorded "God Bless America" on this date in 1939? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to Gale Group, when did Ellen Ochoa first dream of taking part in space flight? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, in what year did Pat Summitt coach the U.S. Olympic Basketball Team to a gold medal? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work of poetry by Phyllis McKinley (according to the Academy of American Poets):
PUFF TOY LACEWORK
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Academy of American Poets, what was the title of the musical revue for which Phyllis McGinley wrote the lyrics?

2. According to the Internet Movie Database, who played the role of Lady Torrance when Tennessee Williams' Orpheus Descending premiered on this date in 1957?

3. According to the Naval Historical Center, what was Loretta Walsh's rank when she was sworn in as a Navy petty officer on this date in 1917?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1994 movie in which Rosie O'Donnell appeared (according to the Internet Movie Database):
HEEL FONTS TINTS
 
National Women's History Month
 
Separation Bar

Phyllis McGinley
Born on This Date 1905

[Born Today]

Poetry Young-adult Author


Ellen Ochoa
[HHAF]


Astronaut

Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
Born on This Date 1962


American Performing Aritsts

Pocahontas
Pocahontas
[University of Texas]


Jamestown Settlement

Pat Summitt
Pat Summitt
[Washington Speakers Bureau]


Basketball Hall of Fame

 
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Icon
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United Nations: International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination
(Observed on this date in remembrance of South Africa's Sharpeville Massacre of students protesting apartheid: 03/21/1960)
The United Nations UNESCO The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death
Nowrooz (Noruz), the Persian New Year
(First day following the vernal equinox)
Afghanistan Iran Vernal Equinox AME Info
Children's Poetry Day
(Observed annually on March 21)
Child Advocacy Poetry Kansas City, Kansas Public Library
Lesotho: National Tree Planting Day
(Observed annually on March 21)
Lesotho Arbor Day
Mexico: Benito Juarez's Birthday
(Commemoration of birth date of former Mexican reform leader and president: 03/21/1806)
Mexico U.S. Department of State Mexico Connect
Namibia: Independence Day
(Celebration of independence from South Africa 03/21/1990)
Namibia South Africa U.S. Department of State
South Africa: Human Rights Day
(Observed on this date in remembrance of the massacre of students protesting apartheid: 03/21/1960)
South Africa Human Rights South African Government
Tunisia: Youth Day
(Observed annually on March 21)
Tunisia Child Advocacy Expedia
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1905 Phyllis McGinley (Oregon-born Poet, Children's Author Awarded the 1961 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry) Phyllis McGinley Poetry Young-adult Author 1961 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
1936 Margaret Mahy (New Zealand Children's Author) Margaret Mahy Primary Authors
1938 Michael Foreman (English Children's Author, Illustrator) English Authors Primary Authors Artists
1943 Ann E. Weiss (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
1953 David Wisniewski (American Children's Author, Illustrator: 1997 Caldecott Award Winner) David Wisniewski Primary Authors Artists 1997 Caldecott Award Winner
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1763 Jean Paul Richter (German Author) German Authors
1857 Alice Henry (Australian Journalist, Women's Suffrage and Civil Rights Activist) Australian Authors & Illustrators Journalism Women's Rights Women's Suffrage Civil Rights
1923 Nizar Quabbani (Syrian Poet, Diplomat) Syria Poetry
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1685 Johann Sebastian Bach (German Classical Composer) J.S. Bach Classical Composers
1839 Modest Mussorgsky (Russian Classical Composer) Modest Mussorgsky Classical Composers
1932 Joseph Silverstein (Detroit-born Violinist, Conductor) Detroit Performing Artists Classical Musicians
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1768 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (French Mathematician) Jean Baptiste Fourier Calculus
1877 Maurice Farman (French Aircraft Designer and Manufacturer) French Mathematicians and Scientists Aviation History
1932 Walter Gilbert (Massachusetts-born Molecular Biologist: 1980 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) Walter Gilbert DNA 1980 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
Business Leaders
1906 John D. Rockefeller III (New York City-born Philanthropist) New York City Business Leaders Philanthropy
Military Leaders
1856 Henry O. Flipper (Georgia-born First African-American Graduate of West Point Academy) Henry O. Flipper African American History
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1864 George Edgar Vincent (Illinois-born Third President of the University of Minnesota: 1911-1917) Illinois Political and Social Leaders Minnesota Political and Social Leaders Education University of Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society
Political and Social Leaders
1713 Francis Lewis (Welsh-American Signer of Declaration of Independence) Wales New York Political and Social Leaders Declaration of Independence
1786 Joseph Vance (13th Governor of Ohio) Ohio Political and Social Leaders
1794 Emily Thomas Tubman (Virginia-born Philanthropist Who Sent 42 Slaves to Liberia Against Georgia Law) Liberia Virginia Political and Social Leaders Georgia Political and Social Leaders Slavery University of Georgia
1806 Benito Pablo Juarez (Mexican President, Reform Leader) Mexican Political and Social Leaders
1890 Clayton Douglass Buck, Sr. (Delaware Governor, 1929-1937; U.S. Senator, 1943-1949) Delaware Political and Social Leaders U.S. Congress
1918 Patrick Lucey (Governor of Wisconsin) Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Historical Society
Performing Artists
1869 Florenz Ziegfeld (Chicago-born Theatrical Producer) Florenz Ziegfeld Stage and Theater Musical Theater Dance The Internet Broadway Database
1882 "Broncho Billy" Anderson (Arkansas-born Actor: The First Western Movie Star) Arkansas Performing Artists Actors Film The History Channel
1902 Son House (Mississippi-born African-American Jazz Musician) Mississippi Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1930 Otis Spann (Mississippi-born African-American Blues Pianist) Mississippi Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1940 Solomon Burke (Pennsylvaniai-born African-American Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame) Solomon Burke rock and Roll Hall of Fame African-American Performing Artists
1944 Timothy Dalton (Welsh Actor) Welsh Performing Artists Actors Film The Internet Movie Database
1958 Gary Oldman (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1962 Matthew Broderick (New York-born Actor) New York Actors Actors Film Biography.com
Rosie O'Donnell (New York-born Comedienne, Actress) Rosie O'Donnell Actors Film Television
Sports Figures
1878 John Walter Tewksbury (Pennsylvania-born Sprinter, Olympic Gold Medalist) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Track and Field Hall of Fame 1900 Summer Olympics
1889 Jock Sutherland (Scottish-American Collegiate and Professional Football Coach) Scottish Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame
1960 Ayrton Senna (Brazilian Race Driver) Brazilian Sports Figures Auto Racing History Channel
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1201 Absalon of Lund (Danish Churchman, Statesman and Soldier) Danish Political and Social Leaders) Catholic Encyclopedia Concordia
1556 Thomas Cranmer (English Archbishop of Canterbury, Burned at the Stake on Orders of Mary, Queen of Scots) English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Mary Queen of Scots Britannia Concordia
1617 Pocahontas (Powhatan Indian Princess Who Converted to Christianity and Married John Rolfe, a Jamestown Colonist) Colonial Jamestown Pocahontas
1778 Charles Wesley (English Hymnist: Author of "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing") English Composers and Songwriters Composers and Songwriters Religion Concordia
1863 Edwin Vose Sumner (Massachusetts-born Union General) Massachusetts Military Figures American Civil War History Channel
1915 F. W. Taylor (Pennsylvania-born Inventor, Pioneer in Industrial Management) Pennsylvania Business Leaders Inventors and Inventions Business New York Times Technology and Society
1953 David Scholtz (26th Governor of Florida: 1933-1937) Florida Political and Social Leaders Politics Florida Historical Society
1955 Walter White (Georgia-born African-American Civil Rights Leader, Statesman, Author) Georgia Political and Social Leaders United Nations President Roosevelt President Truman American Authors U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1966 Edith Wilmans (Louisiana-born, First Woman Elected to the Texas legislature) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders Texas Political and Social Leaders Politics Texas State Historical Society
1987 Robert Preston (Massachusetts-born Actor) Massachusetts Performing Artists Actors Musical Theater Internet Movie Database
1994 MacDonald Carey (Iowa-born Actor) Iowa Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1999 Ernie Wise (English Comedian) English Performing Artists Actors BBC
2002 Herman Talmadge (Georgia Governor, Senator) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senator Politics University of Georgia
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1556 Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, Is Burned at the Stake on Orders of Mary, Queen of Scots English Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Mary Queen of Scots Death Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1747 John Newton, Slave Ship Sea Captain, Repents During Violent Storm: Will Write "Amazing Grace" English Composers and Songwriters Slavery Composers and Songwriters Religion Concordia
1778 Loyalist Militia Massacre Patriots and Loyalists Alike Near Salem, New Jersey Salem, New Jersey American Revolution Death Salem, New Jersey History Channel
1788 Fire Destroys 856 Buildings in New Orleans New Orleans Fire Safety Louisiana Secretary of State
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1801 France Reaffirms Spain's Secret Cession of the Louisiana Territory with the Convention of Aranjuez Spain France The Louisiana Territory Napoleon.org Louisiana Secretary of State
1804 Napoleon's Civil Code Is Published France Napoleon Law The Napoleon Series History Channel
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cloudy Day Some snow, the men Carried the remaining the 2 remained Canoes to the River, all except 3 left to take care & complete the Canoes, returned to the fort with their baggage,

on my return to day to the Fort I came on the points of the high hills, Saw an emence quantity of Pumice Stone on the Sides & foot of the hills and emence beds of Pumice Stone near the Tops of the [hills] with evident marks of the Hill haveing once been on fire, I collected Some the differnt i e Stone Pumice Stone & a hard earth and put them into a furnace the hard earth melted and glazed the others two and the hard Clay became a pumice Stone Glazed. I collected Some plants &c.

[Pumice is frothy volcanic glass. When heated in a furnace it will fuse; some clays, when heated to about 2000° F, expand and resemble somewhat the
frothy volcanic rock]

Ordway: the wind from the S. E. about 2 oClock Capt. Clark and 4 men
returned from the perogues. had carried them all to the River and left three men with them to cork and take care of them. a little Snow fell the after part of the day.—

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: as we could not Set out we thought it best to Send out Some hunters and accordingly dispatched Shields and Collins on this Side of the Netul for that purpose with orders to return in the evening or Sooner if they were Successfull. they returned late in the evening unsuccessfull. we have not now more than two days provisions on hand.

we derected Drewyer and the two Fieldses to Set out tomorrow morning early, and indevour to provide us Some provision on the Bay beyond point William.

we were visited to day by Some Clatsops who left us in the evening.

our sick men Willard and Bratten do not Seem to recover; the former was taken with a violent pain in his leg and
thye last night. Bratten is now so much reduced that I am Somewhat uneasy with respect to his recovery; the pain of which he complains most Seems to be Settled in the Small of his back and remains obstenate. I believe that it is the Rheumatism with which they are both affected.—.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1825 New York's Common Council Passes a Law Forbidding the Sale of Out-of-Season Game New York Government Health Care Foods and Nutrition Law New York Historical Society
1854 The First Chapter of the YMCA in Indianapolis Is Established Indianapolis, Indiana Indianapolis YMCA Indiana Historical Society
1859 The National Gallery of Scotland Opens in Edinburgh Scotland Art Museums The National Gallery of Scotland
1861 The Confederate States of America Establishes a Patent Office Patents and Trademarks American Civil War USPTO
Alexander Stephans, Vice-President of the Confederacy, Gives His "Cornerstone Speech" American Civil War Historic American Documents University of Georgia
1864 President Lincoln Signs Proclamation Admitting Nevada to the Union as of October 31, 1864 Nevada President Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Acknowledges an Afgan Sent to Him by Two New York School Children New York President Abraham Lincoln Child Advocacy Lincoln Papers
1865 Confederate Forces Repel Union attack at Bentonville, North Carolina North Carolina Battle of Bentonville
President and Mrs. Lincoln Attend Boieldieu's Opera "La Dame Blanche" at Grover's Theatre Washington, D.C. President Abraham Lincoln Opera Lincoln Papers
President and Mrs. Lincoln Make Plans to Visit Their Son, Robert, in City Point, Virginia Virginia President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1871 Henry Stanley Begins Expedition into Africa's Interior in Search of Dr. Livingstone Africa Journalism Eyewitness to History History Channel New York Times
1888 A Spring Flood in Cloquet, Minnesota Causes a Log Boom to Break, Destroying the Log Harvest Cloquet, Minnesota Flooding Trees Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1891 Eau Claire, Michigan Is Incorporated Eau Claire, Michigan Eau Claire, Michigan State of Michigan
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1900 The Chicago Evangelization Society Is Renamed Moody Bible Institute Education Religion The Bible The Moody Bible Institute Concordia
1904 5.1 Magnitude Earthquake in Southeast Maine Is Largest in State's Recorded History Maine Earthquakes USGS
1913 Governor Walter E. Clark Approves the First Act of the First Territorial Legislature, Giving Alaska Women the Right to Vote. Alaska Government Women Women's Suffrage Alaska Historical Society
1917 Loretta Walsh Is the First Female Petty Officer in U.S. Navy Women Naval History Historic Firsts Naval Historical Center
1918 German Attack Launches the Second Battle of the Somme Second Battle of Somme WWI Writer's Almanac History Channel
1921 Delaware College in Newark Becomes the University of Delaware Delaware Education Education University of Delaware State of Delaware
1925 Tennessee Governor, Austin Peay, Signs the Butler Bill Banning the Teaching of Evolution in Schools Tennessee Education Education Law & Legal Resources Scopes Monkey Trial University of Missouri Kansas City National Public Radio
1929 Present Coolidge Presents Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh Calvin Coolidge Aviation History Centennial of Flight
1932 In Two Days, 33 Tornados Kill 359 People in 6 Southeast States Alabama Georgia Kentucky Mississippi South Carolina Tennessee Tornados Death The History Channel Alabama Archives
1935 Persia Is Officially Renamed Iran Iran Indiana University
1936 The Worst Flood in the Massachusetts' Recorded History Devastates Springfield Springfield, Massachusetts Flooding Springfield, Massachusetts Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1939 Kate Smith Records "God Bless America" Kate Smith God Bless America U.S. Symbols & Anthems The Kate Smith Commemorative Society
1941 Eastern Standard Time Is Established as Only Standard Time Zone for the State of Georgia Georgia Government Law and Legal Resources Time Zones University of Georgia
1942 The First Japanese Americans Arrive at California's Manzanar Internment Camp California Japanese-American Internment Camps Historic Firsts Children of the Camps Learn California
1943 General von Gersdorff Fails in Attempt to Kill Hitler in Berlin Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler World War II Jewish Virtual Library The History Channel
1945 Allied Bombers Begin Four Days of Raids over Germany Germany World War II Aviation History New York Times
1946 United Nations Sets Up Temporary Headquarters at Hunter College in New York City United Nations New York City Hunter College New York Times
Kenny Washington Signs with the Los Angeles Rams as the First African-American Player in the NFL New York City Sports Figures Football National Football League African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts New York Times
1947 Truman Signs Executive Order Requiring Federal Employees Loyalty Check Harry Truman McCarthyism National Archives & Records Administration
1949 WTVJ-TV, Miami, Florida's First Television Station, Begins Broadcasting Miami, Florida Television Historic Firsts WTVJ Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 Sinclair Lewis' Twenty-second and Final Novel World So Wide Is Published Sinclair Lewis American Authors National Council of Teachers of English
1952 The World's First Rock Concert Is Held at Cleveland Arena Ohio Popular Music Historic Firsts CitiMusic.com The History Channel
28 Tornados Ravage Arkansas and Tennessee: 204 Die Arkansas Tennessee Tornados Death NOAA
1953 Antonín Zápotocky Is Chosen President of Czechoslovakia Czech Republic Slovakia Radio Prague
A Tornado Kills One Person in St. Cloud, Minnesota St. Cloud, Minnesota Tornado Death Minnesota Historical Society
1957 Tennessee Williams' Orpheus Descending Premieres Tennessee Williams Plays Internet Broadway Database
1958 15.6" of Snow Falls in New Castle County, Delaware New Castle County, Delaware Snow State of Delaware
USSR Conducts 650 kT Atmospheric Nuclear Test Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1960 Police Kill 69 Protesters in Sharpeville, South Africa The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death
1961 Beatles Make Their First Evening Appearance at Liverpool's Cavern Club The Beatles Strawberry Walrus
1963 Alcatraz Penitentiary Is Closed San Francisco Prisons Bureau of Prisons The History Channel
1965 3,200 Freedom Marchers Begin 4-day Walk from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama Selma to Montgomery Freedom March Dr. King Civil Rights The History Channel
NASA Launches Ranger 9 for March 24 Lunar Impact Landing Space Exploration Lunar Exploration NASA
1966 Supreme Court Rules Fanny Hill Not Obscene U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Literature Oyez
1967 Vietnamese Reject Johnson's Proposal for Peace Talks Vietnam War Lyndon Johnson The History Channel
1969 U.S. Conducts 100 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Nevada Nevada Nuclear Weapons Cold War Geoscience Australia
1972 Supreme Court Rules Tennessee Residency Law Violates Voting Rights Tennessee U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Voting Rights Oyez
USAF B-52, with a Crew of Seven, Crashes a Residential Section of Orlando, Florida Orlando, Florida Air Disasters Florida Historical Society
1977 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 167 and Leaves 7,000 Homeless in Iran Iran Earthquakes Death USGS
1980 President Carter Tells Athletes U.S. Will Boycott the Moscow Olympics Soviet Union Jimmy Carter The Cold War Olympic Games The History Channel
West Virginia Teachers Protest Legislature's Failure to Approve Larger Increase in Salaries West Virginia Government Education Labor Actions Economics West Virginia Archive
On "Dallas", J.R. Is Shot Television The Internet Movie Database Ultimate Dallas The History Channel
1982 6.7 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Japan's Hokkaido Region Japan Earthquakes USGS
1985 South African Police Kill 21 Blacks Marching to Mark 25th Anniversary of Sharpeville Shootings The Sharpeville Massacre Apartheid Death New York Times
1991 Namibia Gains Independence from South Africa Namibia South Africa University of Wisconsin South African History African American Registry
British Government Unveils New Plan for Property Tax British Government Taxes BBC
1997 Papers of James Meredith Are Accepted by the University of Mississippi's Special Collections James Meredith U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage University of Mississippi Mississippi Writers
1999 Breitling Orbiter 3 Completes First Non-stop Around-the-world Balloon Flight Aviation History Historic Firsts Smithsonian Institution New York Times
Historic Events Occurring 2000-2009 on this date
2000 U.S. Supreme Court Rules Government Cannot Regulate Tobacco as an Addictive Drug U.S. Supreme Court Law and Legal Resources Tobacco Drug and Substance Abuse Oyez
2001 18" of Rain Fall on the Minnesota Twin Cities Minnesota Rain Minnesota Historical Society