for

MARCH 22

 
 
 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
Ira Shull, For the Love of Teaching
 
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What was the name of the production in which Barbra Streisand made her Broadway debut on this date in 1962? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony on this date in 1638? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the National Women's Hall of Fame, in what year did Sally Ride become the first American woman in space? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author/illustrator born on this date:
EARLIER VIGIL MUN
INTERMEDIATE

1. What action was taken with the Equal Rights Amendment on this date in 1972? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Hispanic Heritage Awards Foundation, at what age did Nancy Lopez begin playing golf? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the New York Times, of the 80 tennis matches played between Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova, how many were won by Evert and how many were won by Navratilova? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the English title of a Gabrielle Roy novel (according to Harvard University):
UNHANDED MITTEN HOI
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Manitoba Heritage Council, what was the French title of Gabrielle Roy's first novel?

2. According to Biography.com, what is Reese Witherspoon's full name?

3. According to Stanford University, Ella Josephine Baker was involved in two organizations with Dr. King: SCLC and SNCC. What were the full names of these two organizations?

Use all of these letters to spell the name of an actress who appeared with Barbra Streisand in I Can Get It for You Wholesale in 1962 (according to the Internet Broadway Database):
LIB BINMAN
 
National Women's History Month
 
Separation Bar
Gabrielle Roy
Gabrielle Roy
Born on This Date 1909

[Manitoba Heritage Council]

Authors


Sally Ride
[NASA]


Astronaut

 Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
Born on This Date 1976

[Wikipedia]

Actor

Ella Josephine Baker
Ella Josephine Baker


Civil Rights Leader

Picture
Nancy Lopez
Born on This Date 1957

[LPGA]

World Golf Hall of Fame

 
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United Nations: World Water Day
(Observed annually on this date)
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Arab League Day
(Commemorates the formation of the Arab League: 03/22/1945)
Egypt Iraq Jordan Lebanon Saudi Arabia Syria Yemen Yale University
Laos: Day of the Peoples' Party
(Observed annually on March 22)
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Puerto Rico: Emancipation Day
(Celebration of the abolition of slavery and freeing of 30,000 slaves: 03/22/1873)
Puerto Rico Slavery Expedia Sol Boricua
St. Maarten: National Day of Trees
(Observed annually on this date)
St, Maarten Arbor Day Arbor Day Foundation
Calendar
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1846 Randolph Caldecott (English Children's Author, Illustrator: Namesake of the Caldecott Award) Randolph Caldecott Primary Children's Authors Artists The Caldecott Award
1854 Eugene Shepard (Wisconsin-born Teller of Stories About Paul Bunyan) Wisconsin Authors Storytelling Wisconsin Historical Society
1918 Harry Devlin (New Jersey-born Children's Author, Illustrator) New Jersey Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors Artists
1924 Virginia Mueller (Wisconsin-born Children's Author) Wisconsin Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1938 Denys Cazet (California-born Children's Author) California Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1952 Karen Lynn Williams (Connecticut-born Children's Author, Illustrator) Connecticut Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1842 Thomas Oliphint (Tennessee-born Author of Oliphint's Digest of Arkansas Reports) Tennessee Authors Arkansas Authors Arkansas History Commission
1908 Louis L'Amour (North Dakota-born Author of the American West) Louis L'Amour Westward Expansion
1909 Gabrielle Roy (Canadian Novelist) Gabrielle Roy
1910 Nicholas Monsarrat (English Author) Nicholas Monsarrat
1924 Al Neuharth (South Dakota Journalist, Publisher: Founder of USA Today) South Dakota Authors and Illustrators Journalism USA today
Artists, Architects and Designers
1599 Anthony Van Dyck (Belgian Painter) Belgian Artists Greenwich Guide
1813 Thomas Crawford (New York City-born Sculptor of "Freedom" Figure on Top of the Capitol Dome) New York City Artists U.S. Congress Architect of the Capitol
1893 Dox Thrash (Georgia-born African-American Painter, Printer) Georgia Artists American Artists African-American Artists Griffin Technical College Library African American Registry
1902 Johannes Brinkman (Dutch Architect) Dutch Artists & Architects Architecture
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1930 Stephen Sondheim (New York City-born Lyricist, Composer, Writer, Producer) Stephen Sondheim Stage and Theater West Side Story
1943 Joseph Schwantner (Chicago-born Composer)  Chicago Composers American Composers
1948 Andrew Lloyd Webber (English Composer, Orchestrator, Producer, Writer, Arranger)  Andrew Lloyd Webber Stage and Theater Internet Broadway Database
Military Leaders
1817 Braxton Bragg (North Carolina-born Confederate General) North Carolina Military Figures The American Civil War History Channel
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1799 Friedrich Wilhelm August Argelander (Lithuanian-born Prussian Astronomer) Lithuanian Scientists & Mathematicians Space and Astronomy Technology and Society
1868 Robert Millikan (Illinois-born 1923 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Robert Millikan Physics 1923 Nobel Laureate for Physics
Political and Social Leaders
1459 Maximilian I (German Emperor, Archduke of Austria) German Political and Social Leaders Austria World History
1797 Kaiser Wilhelm I (German Emperor) German Political and Social Leaders
1934 Orrin Hatch (Pennsylvania-born U.S. Senator from Utah) Orrin Hatch Utah Political and Social Leaders U.S. Senate
Performing Artists
1886 Chico (Leonard) Marx (New York City-born Comedian, Actor; Member of the Marx Brothers) Marx Brothers Actors Film
1895 Joseph Schildkraut (Austrian Actor) Austrian Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1900 Ruth Page (Indiana-born Dancer, Choreographer) Indiana Performing Artists Dance
1914 Karl Malden (Chicago-born Actor) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Film Television Biography.com
1923 Marcel Marceau (French Mime) Marcel Marceau Actors
1931 William Shatner (Canadian Actor) Canadian Performing Artists Actors Film Television Internet Movie Database
1943 George Benson (Pennsylvania-born Jazz Musician) Pennsylvania Performing Artists Jazz Notable African Americans Biography.com
1976 Reese Witherspoon (Louisiana-born Actress) Reese Witherspoon Actors Film 2006 Academy Award for Best Actress
Sports Figures
1952 Bob Costas (New York-born Sports Broadcast Journalist) New York Sports Figures Sports Television
1972 Shawn Bradley (American Professional Basketball Player) Basketball
1974 Marcus Camby (Connecticut-born African-American Professional Basketball Player) Connecticut Sports Figures Basketball Notable African Americans
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
337 Constantine (The First Christian Emperor of Rome) Roman Empire Concordia
1820 Stephen Decatur (Maryland-born Naval Hero Killed in a Duel with Disgraced Navy Commodore James Barron) Stephen Decatur U.S. Military Leaders Naval History War 1812 History Channel
1832 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (The Shakespeare of the German Language) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Authors
1889 Stanley Matthews (Ohio-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1945 John H. Clarke (Ohio-born Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court) Ohio Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1958 Mike Todd (Minnesota-born Academy Award-Winning Movie Producer; Plane Crash in New Mexico) Minnesota-born Performing Artists New Mexico Filmmakers Academy Awards Air Disasters Minnesota Historical Society
1994 Walter Lantz (New York-born Cartoonist: Creator of Woody Woodpecker) New York Artists Cartoons & Comics
2000 Romeo Benjamin Garrett (Mississippi-born African-American Sociologist) Mississippi Authors & Illustrator Educators of Note African-American Authors & Illustrator Mississipi Writers
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1594 Henri IV Takes the Throne of France, Ending 30 Years of War between the Protestants and Catholics French Political and Social Leaders Religion War Concordia
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1621 Plymouth Colony & Neighboring Indians Agree to 50-year Peace Treaty Plymouth Colony Native-American Studies Plimouth Colony Concordia
1622 Powhatan Indians Massacre 347 Jamestown Settlers Jamestown, Virginia Native-American Studies Colonial America Death Virtual Jamestown Virginia Historical Society
1638 Religious Dissident Anne Hutchinson Is Expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony Religion Concordia Historical Institute Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1765 The British Government Votes to Impose the Stamp Act on the American Colonies Great Britain The Stamp Act of 1765 Taxes History Channel U.S. Treasury
1778 English Explorer, Captain James Cook, Names Washington's Cape Flattery James Cook Washington History Link
1790 Thomas Jefferson Begins Term as the First U.S. Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson George Washington U.S. Secretary of State Historic Firsts U.S. Department of State
1791 President George Washington Lodges at Buck Tavern in Summit, Delaware, As He Begins His Tour of the Southern States Delaware George Washington State of Delaware
1794 Congress Bans the Transportation of Slaves Aboard U.S. Ships U.S. Congress Slavery Naval History Yale University
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Visited by the 2nd Chief of the Grand Village of the Minetarrees to
whome we gave a medal & Some Clothes acknowledging him as a 2d Chief, he Delayed all night, & Saw the men Dance, which is common amusement with the men he returned the 23rd with Mr. La Rocque & McKinsey two of the N W. Companys Clerks— Some few Drops of rain this evening for the first time this Winter visited by many Indians to day—

Ordway: a clear pleasant morning. the wind from the S. E. Savages continue to bring us Some corn a nomber of the Grossvantares Savages came to visit our officers with Mr. McKinzey & Mr Larouck. our Captains made a chief & Gave him a meddel and an artillery coat a Shirt knife &.C.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: Drewyer and the two Fieldses departed this morning agreably to the order of last evening. we Sent out Six hunters this morning in different directions on both Sides of the Netul.

about 10 A. M. we were visited by Que-ne-o alias Commorwool 8 Clatsops and a Kil-a-mox; they brought Some dried Anchovies, a common Otter Skin and a Dog for Sale all of which we purchased. the Dog we purchased for our Sick men, the fish for to add to our Small Stock of provision's, and the Skin to cover my papers.

those Indians left us in the evening. the air is perfectly temperate, but it continues to rain in Such a manner that there is no possibillity of getting our canoes completed in order to Set out on our homeward journey. The Clatsops inform us that Several of their nation has he Sore throat, one of which has laterly died with this disorder.

the Hunters Sent out to day all returned except Colter unsessfull.

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1820 American Naval Hero, Stephen Decatur, Is Killed in a Duel with Disgraced Navy Commodore James Barron Stephen Decatur U.S. Military Leaders Naval History War 1812 History Channel
1822 The S.S. Eagle Is the First Steamboat to Reach Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas Steamboats Historic Firsts Arkansas History Commission
1824 White Settlers Massacre Peaceful Seneca and Miami Indians Near Fall Creek in Madison County, Indiana Madison County, Indiana Seneca Indians Miami Indians Death Indiana Historical Society
1834 British Parliament Decides to Create a National Gallery by Purchasing the Angerstein Collection Great Britain Art Economics National Gallery Greenwich Guide
1836 The Texas Navy's Schooner Liberty Captures the U.S. Brig Durango Republic of Texas Naval History Texas State Historical Society
1841 England's Orlando Jones Patents Cornstarch Great Britain Foods & Nutrition Patents & Trademarks U.S. Patent & Trademark Office
1848 Abraham Lincoln Explains His Opposition to the Mexican-American War Abraham Lincoln Mexican-American War Lincoln Papers
1851 In Oregon, the Portland Washingtonian Total Abstinence Society Holds Its First Meeting Portland, Oregon Drug and Alcohol Abuse SalemOregon.com
1852 Siskiyou County, California Is Created Siskiyou County, California Siskiyou County, California Learn California
1858 Iowa State University Is Founded Iowa Education Historic Firsts Iowa State University Historical Society of Iowa
1859 Earthquake Kills 5,000 in Quito, Ecuador, Destroys Many Landmark Buildings Quito, Ecuador Earthquakes Death History Channel
1862 Federal Gunboats Attack a Confederate Salt Works Near New Smyrna, Florida New Smyrna, Florida American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1864 President Lincoln Sends to the Senate a Treaty with the Shawnee Indians Abraham Lincoln U.S. Senate Shawnee Indians Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Remarks: "I never knew a man who wished to be himself a slave...." Abraham Lincoln Slavery Lincoln Papers
1866 The Texas State Central Committee of Colored Men Is Convened in Austin Austin, Texas African-American Heritage Texas State Historical Society
Inyo County, California Is Created Inyo County, California Superior Court of California Learn California
1871 North Carolina Is the First State to Remove a Governor by Impeachment North Carolina State Governments Historic Firsts Library of Economics and Liberty
Logan County, Arkansas Is Created Logan County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1872 Ventura County, California Is Created Ventura County, California California Association of Counties Learn California
1874 The Young Men's Hebrew Association Is Founded in New York City New York City Judaism Historic Firsts Jewish Encyclopedia New York Historical Society
1873 The Spanish National Assembly Abolishes Slavery in Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Slavery Library of Congress
1877 The Wisconsin Legislature Passes a Bill Allowing Women to Join the State Bar Wisconsin Government Women Law and Legal Resources Wisconsin Bar Association Wisconsin Historical Society
1881 The State of Delaware Pledges $2,400 of Taxpayers' Money Annually for the Support of African-American Schools Delaware Education Racism Education Economics African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1882 Congress Passes Edmunds Act Excluding Polygamists from Voting U.S. Congress Law and Legal Resources New York Times
1886 Seattle Electric Company Turns on the First Incandescent Light Bulb West of the Rocky Mountains Seattle, Washington Electricity The Light Bulb Historic Firsts History Link
1893 Smith Freshmen 5, Sophomores 4 in First Official Women's Basketball Game Massachusetts Women Basketball Historic Firsts Smith College
Kings County, California Is Created Kings County, California California Association of Counties
1894 Montreal Amateur Athletic Association Defeats the Ottawa Generals to Win the First Stanley Cup Canada Hockey Historic Firsts The Stanley Cup New York Times History Channel
1895 Auguste and Louis Lumière First Demonstrate Celluloid Motion Pictures Auguste Lumière Film Historic Firsts Institute Lumière New York Times
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1903 President Thoedore Roosevelt's Coal Commission Awards Miners 10% Increase, 8-hour Day Theodore Roosevelt Labor Progressive Populist History Channel
1904 In Oregon, Oakville Independent Telephone Completes Their Line Supporting 11 Phones Oregon Telephone SalemOregon.com
1905 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Near Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
Edith Wharton Writes in Her Diary, "Finished House of Mirth" Edith Wharton American Authors National Council of Teachers of English
1906 An Explosion at Century Coal Mine Kills 23 Miners in Barbour County, West Virginia Barbour County, West Virginia Labor Death West Virginia Archives
1907 Mohandas Gandhi Leads Protest Against Act Requiring Indians to Carry Pass Books in South Africa South African Government India Mohandas Gandhi Civil Rights South African History Asian History
1913 The State of Washington Abolishes the Death Penalty Washington Government Capital Punishment History Link
1915 Russians Take the Austrian Garrison at Przemysl Russia Austria World War I History Channel
1916 Fire Destroys 32 City Blocks in Downtown Augusta, Georgia, Leaving 3,000 Homeless Augusta, Georgia Fire Safety Augusta Georgia University of Georgia
1922 In Delaware, the Harrington Town Council Forbids All Sunday Sales Except in Hotels, Drug Stores, Restaurants, and Boarding Houses Harrington, Delaware Religion Economics Law State of Delaware
1929 Will Rogers Signs First Talkie Contract for $600,000 to Make Four Movies Will Rogers Film Economics & Business Will Rogers Memorial Museums History Channel
1933 The Iowa General Assembly Designates the Eastern Goldfinch as the State Bird Iowa State Symbols Eastern Goldfinch Historical Society of Iowa
1934 The First Masters Golf Tournament Is Held in Augusta, Georgia Georgia Historic Firsts Masters Golf Tournament University of Georgia
1942 British Statesman, Stanford Cripps, Meets with Mohandas Gandhi to Discuss Indian Independence India British Political and Social Leaders Mohandas Gandhi History Channel
1945 U.S. 3rd Army Crosses the Rhine at Nierstein Nazi Germany World War II U.S. Army
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria Form the Arab League Egypt Iraq Jordan Lebanon Saudi Arabia Syria Yemen Yale University History Channel
1946 Britain Signs Treaty Granting Independence to Transjordan Jordan Great Britain The Royal Hashemite Court New York Times
WAC Is First American Rocket to Leave Earth's Atmosphere (altitude 50 miles) Space Exploration Historic Firsts American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
1947 President Truman Orders Loyalty Checks of Federal Employees President Harry Truman Bill of Rights McCarthyism History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1951 UN Troops Capture Seoul, Korea United Nations Korean War U.S. Army
1952 Fire Destroys Much of Downtown Wrangell, Alaska Wrangell, Alaska Fire Alaska Historical Society
1954 First Shopping Mall Opens in Southfield, Michigan Business & Economics Michigan Historic Firsts Michigan Historical Center
1956 Dr. Martin Luther King Is Convicted of Organizing the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Crime U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Heritage BBC
1957 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered on Alaska's Fox Islands Alaska Earthquakes USGS
1958 Eight-Year-Old Hank Williams Jr. Makes His Stage Debut in Swainsboro, Georgia Georgia Performing Artists Country & Western Music Our Georgia History
1960 Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes Receive First Patent for a Laser Arthur Schawlow South Carolina Scientists & Mathematicans Patents & Trademarks Lasers Bell Laboratories U.S. Patent & Trademark Office
1962 Barbra Streisand Makes Broadway Debut in I Can Get it For You Wholesale Barbra Streisand Actors Internet Broadway Database
1963 Beatles Release Their First Album: Please Please Me The Beatles Popular Musicians The Guardian
1966 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered in Northeastern China China Earthquakes USGS
1971 USSR Conducts Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Soviet Union Kazakhstan Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
1972 The U.S. Congress Sends the Proposed Equal Rights Amendment for Women to the States for Ratification U.S. Congress Women U.S. Constitution EqualRightsAmendment.com History Channel New York Times
1973 Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova Play the First of 80 Matches Against Each Other Martina Navratilova Chris Evert American Women Sports Figures Tennis New York Times
1978 France Conducts Underground Nuclear Test France Nuclear Weapons Geoscience Australia
U.S. Supreme Court Affirms Seattle Schools' Right to Implement a Busing Plan for Integration Seattle Washington U.S. Suipreme Court Education U.S. Civil Rights 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Oyez
1979 Israeli Parliament Approves Peace Treaty with Egypt Israel Egypt World History Jewish Virtual Library
The British Ambassador to Holland Is Assassinated British Political and Social Leaders The Netherlands Terrorism Death BBC
1981 U.S. Postage Rates Increase ($.15 to $.18 an ounce) U.S. Postal Service Business & Economics Alliance of Non-profit Mailers
Soviet Soyuz 39 Takes First Mongolian into Space Mongolia Soviet Union Russian Space Program NASA
1982 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Columbia (ST-3) to Test Shuttle Systems Manned Space Exploration NASA
1983 The Knesset Elects Chaim Herzog to Be the Sixth president of Israel Israel The Jewish Agency for Israel
1985 NASA Launches Intelsat 5A F-10 Communications Satellite Space Exploration History of Technlogy NASA
1994 The NFL Adds the Two-point Conversion as an Option After Touchdowns Football NFL New York Times
1995 Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov Lands in Soyuz TM-21 Ending 438 Days in Space Soviet Union Russian Space Program NASA
1996 NASA Launches Space Shuttle Atlantis 16 (STS 76) to Link with Russia's MIR Space Station Manned Space Exploration Russian Space Program NASA
1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Makes Its Closest Approach to Earth (197,000,000 Km) Space & Astronomy Comet Hale-Bopp NASA
Sunset Boulevard Closes on Broadway after 977 Performances New York City Actors Internet Broadway Database
Tara Lipinski Is the Youngest Women's World Figure Skating Champion (14y 10m) Pennsylvania Sports Figures Figure Skating Historic Firsts Official Web Site New York Times
Historic Events that occur from 2000-2009 on this date
2002 English Woman Paralyzed Below the Neck Wins the Right to Die Great Britain Law and Legal Resources Human Rights/Civil Rights Death BBC
2009 Alaska's Mount Redoubt Erupts 5 Times After 20-Year Lull Mount Redoubt Volcanoes National Public Radio