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MARCH 27

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Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. On this date in 1970, which state ratified the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. On this date in 1912, who helped to plant the first two Yoshino Cherry Trees along the Potomac River? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Songwriters Hall of Fame, what was the title of the book in which Patty Smith Hill and her sister first published the "Happy Birthday" song? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)


Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author or illustrator born on this date:
CRANNY GOO
INTERMEDIATE

1. On this date in 1897, who was the first African-American teacher hired in Kitsap County, Washington? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the Hispanic Heritage Awards Foundation, why did Julia Alvarez' family leave the Dominican Republic? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the African American Registry, where did Effa Manley first meet her husband? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)


Use all of these letters to spell the name of a cast member for the opening night of the Seven Descents of Myrtle on this date in 1968 (according to Internet Broadway Database): REASONLESS PELT
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the University of St. Andrews, from which college did Carol Karp receive her B.A. degree?

2. According to PBS, Sarah Vaughan became the organist of her church at what age?

3. According to E! Online, Mariah Carey graduated from which high school in Green Lawn, New York?


Use all of these letters to spell the name of a cast member for the opening night of the Brighton Beach Memoirs on this date in 1983 (according to Internet Broadway Database): ENJOY VACANT PET
 
National Women's History Month
 
Separation Bar

Julia Alvarez
Born on This Date 1950


Hispanic Authors

Carol Ruth Karp
Carol Ruth Karp

University of St. Andrews


Algebra

Mariah Carey
Born on This Date 1970

[Official Website]

Popular Singer


Patty Smith Hill
Born on This Date 1868

[Kappa Delta Pi]

Education

Effa Manley
Effa Manley
Born on This Date 1897

[Baseball HOF]

Baseball Hall of Fame

 
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Angola: Victory Day
Angola World Travel Guide
Burma/Myanmar: Tatmadaw Day (Armed Forces Day)/Resistance Day
(Commemorates call for national resistance fighters to overthrow occupying Japanese forces: 03/27/1945)
Burma/Myanmar National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma U.S. Department of State
 Calendar
Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1922 Dick King-Smith (English Children's Author) Dick King-Smith Young-adult Authors
1944 Nancy Goor (Washington, D.C.-born Health Expert, Children's Author) Washington, D.C. Authors American Artists Medicine and Health Care
1953 Patricia C. Wrede (Illinois-born Children's Author) Illinois Authors Young-adult Authors
1947 Tom Sullivan (Massachusetts-born Blind Popular Singer, Children's Author) Massachusetts Authors and Illustrators Blindness Singer Songwriter Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1797 Alfred de Vigny (French Poet, Playwright, Novelist) French Writers Poetry Plays
1883 Marie Under (Estonian Poet) Estonia Poetry
1892 Thorne Smith (Maryland-born Novelist) Thorne Smith
1914 Bud Schulberg (New York-born Novelist, Screenwriter) New York Authors Film
1923 Louis Simpson (American Poet: Received the 1964 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry) Louis Simpson Poetry 1964 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
1927 Anthony Lewis (New York City-born Journalist Awarded the 1955 & 1963 Pulitzer Prizes for National Reporting) Anthony Lewis Journalism First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1955 & 1963 Pulitzer Prizes for National Reporting
1950 Julia Alvarez (New York City-born Latin-American Author, Poet, Educator) Julia Alvarez Latin-American Studies Poetry Education
1956 T.R. Pearson (North Carolina-born Novelist, Screenwriter) T.R. Pearson Film
Artists, Architects & Designers
1879 Edward Steichen (Luxembourg Photographer) Luxembourg Photography
1886 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (German Architect) Germany Architecture New York Times
Songwriters, Classical Composers, Conductors and Performing Artists
1892 Ferde Grofé (New York City-born Composer, Arranger) New York City Composers American Composers
1927 Mstislav Rostropovich (Azerbaijani Cellist, Conductor, Composer) Azerbaijan Composers Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1845 Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen (German Physicist: 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen Physics X-Rays and Radiation 1901 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1847 Otto Wallach (German Chemist: 1910 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry) German Scientists & Mathematicians Chemistry 1910 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1910 John Pierce (Iowa-born "Father of Communications Satellites") Iowa Space Exploration Radio Television
Business Leaders
1836 Henry Royce (English Industrialist: Founder of Rolls Royce)) English Business Leaders Automobiles
Political and Social Leaders
1868 Patty Smith Hill (Kentucky-born Pioneer in Early Childhood Education: Co-author of the Song "Happy Birthday to You") Patty Smith Hill Educators of Note Early Childhood Education Popular Music
1901 Sato Eisaku (Japanese Prime Minister, 1974 Nobel Laureate for Peace) Japan Political and Social Leaders 1974 Nobel Laureate for Peace
1909 Wally Nelson (Arkansas-born African-American Peace Activist) Arkansas Political and Social Leaders War African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
1912 James Callaghan (Prime Minister of England) English History
1917 Cyrus R. Vance (West Virginia-born U.S. Secretary of State) West Virginia Political and Social Leaders U.S. Government President Jimmy Carter West Virginia Archives
Performing Artists
1897 Gloria Swanson (Illinois-born Actress) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1906 Pee Wee Russell (Missouri-born Jazz Clarinetist) Missouri Performing Artists Jazz Internet Movie Database
1909 Ben Webster (Missouri-born African-American Jazz Saxophonist) Missouri Performing Artists Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1924 Sarah Vaughan (New Jersey-born African-American Singer, Pianist) Sarah Vaughan Jazz Vocalist Famous African Americans
1931 David Janssen (Nebraska-born Actor) Nebraska Performing Artists Actors Telelvision Internet Movie Database
1934 Arthur Mitchell (New York City-born Dancer, Choreographer) New York City Performing Artists Dancer/Choreographer Famous African-Americans Internet Movie Database
1942 Michael York (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1960 Johannes Kerkorrel (Afrikaner Singer, Songwriter) South African Performing Artists Popular Musicians South African History
1963 Quentin Tarantino (Tennessee-born Filmmaker) Quentin Tarantino Film Makers
1970 Mariah Carey (New York City-born Popular Singer) Mariah Carey Popular Singers
Sports Figures
1897 Effa Manley (Pennsylvania-born African-American Co-owner of the Newark Eagles of the National Negro League ) Effa Manley Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures African American Registry
1939 Cale Yarborough (South Carolina-born Race Driver) South Carolina Auto Racing
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1625 James I, King of England and Scotland English Political and Social Leaders King James I of  England and Scotland Greenwich Guide
1378 Pope Gregory XI (French-born Roman Catholic Pope) French Political and Social Leaders Catholic Popes Religion
1968 Yuri Gagarin (Russian Cosmonaut: First Man in Space) Soviet Space Program Space Exploration
1972 Maurits C Escher (Dutch Artist) M.C. Escher Puzzles Mathematics Art
2002 Milton Berle (New York-born Comedian, Actor) New York Performing Artists
Dudley Moore (English Actor) English Performing Artists Actors Film
2003 Paul Zendel (New York City-born Children's Author, Playwright Awarded 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Drama) Paul Zendel Young-adult Authors Plays 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Drama
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1500s that Occurred on this Date
1513 Spanish Explorer Juan Ponce de León Sights Florida Juan Ponce de León FL Florida Historical Association
Historic Events of the 1600s that Occurred on this Date
1625 Charles I Is Crowned King of England, Ireland & Scotland Ireland Scotland English Monarchy New York Times
1667 John Milton Publishes Paradise Lost John Milton Poetry Concordia
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1775 Thomas Jefferson Is Elected to the Second Continental Congress as a Virginia Delegate Virginia Political and Social Leaders Thomas Jefferson Second Continental Congress History Channel
1794 U.S. Congress Authorizes the Creation of a Navy U.S. Congress U.S. History Naval History New York Times
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1802 Britain, France, Spain, The Netherlands Negotiate Temporary Peace with Treaty of Amiens Great Britain France Spain Netherlands Britannica
1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: We set out early this morning and were shortly after joined by some of the Skillutes who came along side in a small canoe for the purpose of trading roots and fish.

at 10 A. M. we arrived at two houses of this nation on the Stard. side where we halted for breakfast. here we overtook our hunters, they had killed nothing.

the natives appeared extreemly hospitable, gave us dryed Anchovies, Sturgeon, wappetoe, quamash, and a speceis
of small white tuberous roots about 2 inches in length and as thick as a man's finger; these are eaten raw, are crisp, milkey, and agreeably flavored. most of the party were served by the natives with as much as they could eat; they insisted on our remaining all day with them and hunting the Elk and deer which they informed us were very abundant in their neighbourhood. but as the weather would not permit us to dry our canoes in order to pitch them we declined their friendly invitation, and resumed our voyage at 12 Ock.

the principal village of these Skillutes reside on the lower side of the Cow-e-lis'-kee river a few miles from it's entrance into the columbia. these people are said to be numerous. in their dress, habits, manners and language they differ but little from the Clatsops Chinnooks &c. they have latterly been at war with Chinnooks but peace is said now to be restored between them, but their intercourse is not yet resumed. no Chinnooks come above the marshey islands nor do the Skillutes visit the mouth of the Columbia. the Clatsops, Cathlahmahs and Wackkiacums are the carriers between these nations being in alliance with both.—

The Coweliskee [Cowlitz River, Washington] is 150 yards wide, is deep and from indian Information navigable a very considerable distance for canoes. it discharges itself into the Columbia about three miles above a remarkable high rocky nole which is situated on the N. side of the river by which it is washed on the South side and is seperated from the Nothern hills of the river by a wide bottom of several miles to which it is united. I suspect that this river waters the country lying West of the range of mountains which pass the columbia between the great falls and rapids, and north
of the same nearly to the low country which commences on the N. W. coast about Latitude [blank] North. above the Skillutes on this river another nation by the name of the Hul-loo-et-tell reside, who are said also to be numerous. at
the distance of 2 m. above the village at which we breakfasted we passed the entrance of this river; we saw several fishing camps of the Skillutes on both sides of the Columbia, and were attended all the evening by parties of the natives in their canoes who visited us for the purpose of trading their fish and roots; we purchased as many as we wished on very moderate terms; they seemed perfectly satisfyed with the exchange and behaved themselves in a very orderly manner.

late in the evening we passed our camp of the 5th of November and encamped about 4˝ above at the commencement of the bottom land on stard. below Deer Island. we had scarcely landed before we were visited by a large canoe with eight men; from them we obtained a dryed fruit which resembled the raspburry and which I beeive to be the fruit of the large leafed thorn frequently mentioned. it is reather ascid tho' pleasently flavored. I preserved a specemine of this fruit I fear that it has been baked in the process of drying and if so the seed will not vegitate.

saw the Cottonwood, sweet willow, oak, ash and the broad leafed ash, the growth which resembles the beach &c. these form the growth of the bottom lands while the hills are covered almost exclusively with the various species of fir heretofore discribed. the black Alder appears as well on some parts of the hills as the bottoms.

before we set out from the Skillute village we sent on Gibson's canoe and Drewyers with orders to proceed as fast as they could to Deer island and there to hunt and wait our arrival. we wish to halt at that place to repair our canoes if possible. the indians who visited us this evening remained but a short time, they passed the river to the oposite side and encamped. the night as well as the day proved cold wet and excessively disagreeable.

we came 20 miles today.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Columbia County, Oregon Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1808 Beethoven and Salieri Attend the Last Public Appearance of Franz Joseph Haydn, Performing His Oratorio "The Creation" in Vienna Franz Joseph Haydn Salieri Ludwig van Beethoven Composers American Public Media
1814 Andrew Jackson Defeats Creek Indians at the Alabama Battle of Horseshoe Bend Andrew Jackson Creek Indians Creek War National Park Service Alabama Archives
1817 Antonio María Martínez Becomes the Last Governor of Spanish Texas Spain Texas Government Hispanic Heritage Texas State Historical Society
1819 President James Monroe Appoints Lawrence Taliaferro as an Indian Agent in Minnesota Minnesota U.S. Government President James Monroe Native-American Heritage Minnesota Historical Society
1829 Andrew Jackson Appoints Scandal-Plagued John Eaton as Secretary of War Andrew Jackson History Channel
1836 Mexican Army Executes 417 Texas Revolutionaries at Goliad Mexico Texas Death Goliad Campaign
First Mormon Temple Is Dedicated in Kirtland, Ohio The Mormon Church Ohio Historic Firsts New York Times
1841 New York City's First Steam-Powered Fire Engine Is Demonstrated at City Hall Park New York City Fire Steam Engines Historic Firsts New York Historical Society
1846 The Mormons Reaffirm Brigham Young as Their Leader The Mormon Church Historical Society of Iowa
1850 The Hildreth Brothers Strike Gold and Establish What Will Become Columbia, California Columbia, California Gold California Gold Rush Columbia, California Chamber of Commerce Learn California
1851 California's Mariposa Battalion First European-Americans in Yosemite Valley California Yosemite National Park Yosemite Association
1861 Mrs. Lincoln and Friends Visit Mount Vernon, Home of George Washington Mount Vernon, Virginia George Washington Mary Todd Lincoln Mount Vernon, Virginia Lincoln Papers
1862 President Lincoln Replies to Letter Regarding Poor Treatment of Indians in Minnesota Minnesota Abraham Lincoln Native American Heritage Lincoln Papers
1863 President Lincoln Addresses a Group of Indian Chiefs in the East Room of White House The White House Abraham Lincoln Native American Heritage Lincoln Papers
The U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson Seizes the British Schooner Pacifique at St. Marks, Florida Florida Civil War Naval History Florida Historical Association
1865 Lincoln, Grant and Sherman Meet at City Point, Virginia Virginia Abraham Lincoln Ulysess S. Grant Civil War History Channel
1866 Andrew Johnson Vetoes Civil Rights Bill Andrew Johnson 14th Amendment Civil Rights Pearson Education (pdf) Spartacus
1871 In Edinburgh, Scotland Defeats England in the First Rugby International Between the Two Countries Scotland England Rugby Historic Firsts Historic UK
The State Legislature Creates Arkansas Industrial University (the University of Arkansas) Arkansas Education Education Arkansas History Commission
1881 Billy the Kid Writes His Last Letter to New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace, Asking for Help with His Upcoming Criminal Trial in Mesilla Mesilla, New Mexico Billy the Kid Lew Wallace Notorious Americans Mew Mexico Magazine
1883 Regina Is Confirmed as the Capital of Canada's North-West Territories Regina, Saskatchewan Regina, Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly of Alberta
1884 First Long Distance Call Is Made between Boston and New York City Long Distance Telephone Service Historic Firsts New York Times
1890 Washington State Enacts Law Allowing Women to Vote in Local School District Elections Washington Government Women Law Education Voting Rights History Link
1897 Jane A. Ruley Is the First African-American Teacher Hired in Kitsap County, Washington Kitsup County, Washington Education African-American Heritage Historic Firsts History Link
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 The Florida State Federation of Labor Is Organized in Jacksonville Jacksonville, Florida Labor Unions Florida Historical Association
1905 Fingerprint Evidence Is Used to Solve A British Murder Case Great Britain Crime Historic Firsts History Channel
1909 Gunjiro Aoki Weds Gladys Emery in Seattle, After Marriage Is Banned in California and Oregon Seattle, Washington California Oregon Civil Rights/Human Rights Asian-American Heritage History Link
1911 The City of Fort Lauderdale, Florida Is Incorporated Fort Lauderdale, Florida Fort Lauderdale, Florida Florida Historical Association
The National Exchange Club Is Founded in Detroit Detroit, Michigan Durham/Middlefield Exchange Club National Exchange Club
1912 First Lady Helen Herron Taft Helps Plant the First Two Yoshino Cherry Trees Along the Potomac River Helen Herron Taft Yoshino Cherry Trees Library of Congress History Channel
1913 Arkansas' Supreme Court Decides the Order of Succession Following the Resignation of Governor Joseph Taylor Robinson Arkansas Law Encyclopedia of Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1914 World's First Blood Transfusion Is Performed at the Hôpital Saint-Jean in Brussels, Belgium Belgium Medical Research Blood Historic Firsts IntelliHealth
1917 Seattle Metropolitans Defeat the Montreal Canadians As First U.S. Team to Win the Stanley Cup Canada Seattle, Washington Hockey Historic Firsts NHL New York Times
1918 Bessarabia Is Annexed by Romania Romania World War I History Channel
1920 Hermann Müller Becomes German Chancellor (SPD) German Political and Social Leaders Archontology
Janesville, Wisconsin Is Chosen as the Home Base for the U.S. National Guard's First Tank Company Janesville, Wisconsin War Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1925 University of Texas Track Coach, Clyde Littlefield, Inaugurates the Texas Relays Texas Sports Figures Track and Field Texas Relays Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Society
1933 Japan Leaves the League of Nations Japan League of Nations League of Nations Archive
Polythene (Polyethylene) Is Discovered by English Researchers, Reginald Gibson & Eric Fawcett English Scientists & Mathematicians Polymers British Science Museum
1940 Alfred Hitchcock's First American Film, Rebecca, Premieres in Los Angeles Alfred Hitchcock Film Internet Movie Database
1941 Yugoslav Army Overthrows pro-Axis Government of Prince Paul, Proclaiming Peter II King Yugoslavia Political and Social Leaders World War II League of Nations Archive
State of Georgia Makes It a Felony to Endanger Another Person with a Poisonous Snake Georgia Government Law Snakes University of Georgia
1944 American Academy of Arts and Letters Gives Its "Award of Merit" to Theodore Dreiser Indiana Authors and Illustrators American Authors American Academy of Arts and Letters National Council of Teachers of English
1945 Germans Launch Last V-2's into England & Belgium: 200 Die England Belgium Germany War World War II History Channel
Eisenhower Declares Germany's Western Front Broken Germany Eisenhower World War II New York Times
Argentina Declares War on Germany and Japan Argentina Germany Japan World War II League of Nations Archive
National Hero Aung San Calls for Resistance to Remove Japanese Forces from Burma Burma/Myanmar Japan Asian Human Rights Commission
1946 Walter Reuther Is Elected President of the United Auto Workers Walter Reuther Labor Unions Automobiles United Auto Workers State of Michigan
1947 Georgia Prohibits Requiring Labor Dues or Fees as a Condition of Employment Georgia Government Law Labor Unions University of Georgia
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 Singin' in the Rain Premieres at Radio City Music Hall Film Internet Movie Database
1958 Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev Replaces Nicolay Bulganin as Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev Cold War History Channel New York Times
The U.S. Air Force White Alice Communications System (WACS) Begins Operation in Alaska Alaska Cold War History of Technology U.S. Air Force Alaska Historical Society
1960 U.S. Navy Test-fires a Polaris Submarine-launched Missile off the coast of Cocoa Beach, Florida Cocoa Beach, Florida Submarines Nuclear Weapons Florida Historical Association
1962 New Orleans Archdiocese Announces It Is Desegregating All Schools for the 62-63 School Year New Orleans Education Catholicism Education African-American Heritage New Orleans Archdiocese
1964 9.2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Alaska (largest ever in the U.S.): 15 Die Prince William Sound Earthquake Earthquakes Death Writer's Almanac USGS
A Tsunami Destroys the Alaskan Towns of Seward and Valdez Alaska Tsunamis Death National Public Radio Learn California
1968 Tennessee Williams' Play Seven Descents of Myrtle Premieres, but Only Runs for 29 Performances Tennessee Williams Plays Internet Broadway Database
1969 NASA Launches the Mariner 7 Spacecraft to Study the Surface and Atmosphere of Mars Space Exploration Mars Exploration NASA
1970 Georgia Ratifies the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Granting Women the Right to Vote Georgia Government Women Voting Rights 19th Amendment University of Georgia
Georgia Passes Its First Legislation to Protect the State's Coastal Wetlands Georgia Government Law Wetlands University of Georgia
USSR Conducts 20 kT Underground Nuclear Test in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Soviet Union Nuclear Weapons The Cold War Geoscience Australia
1973 U.S. to Continue Bombing of Communists in Cambodia Cambodia Vietnam War History Channel
1976 The First 4.2 Miles of Washington, D.C.'s Underground Metro Opens Washington, D.C. Washington Metro (pdf)
The Seattle Kingdome Opens Seattle, Washington Architecture and Design History Link
1977 Two Boeing 747s Collide on Canary Island Runway: 542 Die Spain Aviation Disasters Death History Channel BBC Technology and Society
1980 After 123 Years of Inactivity, Steam Explosions Blast a Crater through Mt. St. Helen's Summit Washington Mt. St. Helens Volcanoes USGS
123 Die When a North Sea Oil Platform Collapses Oceans Business Death BBC
1983 Neil Simon's Brighton Beach Memoirs Premieres in New York City New York City Stage & Theater Plays Internet Broadway Database
1984 6.8 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near the North Coast of Papua New Guinea New Guinea Earthquakes USGS
1985 200 Marchers Are Arrested in South Africa, Protesting for the Release of Nelson Mandela South Africa Nelson Mandela Crime South African History
1989 Russian Voters Cast Their Ballots in First-ever Parliamentary Election Russian Government Elections Historic Firsts BBC
1990 TV Marti Begins Broadcasting U.S. Propaganda into Cuba Cuba Cold War Television Propaganda History Channel
1994 Piedmont, Alabama Church Collapses in Tornado: 20 Die Tornados Alabama Death NOAA
1997 James Earl Ray Tells Martin Luther King's Son That He Did Not Kill His Father James Earl Ray Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. CNN