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APRIL 1

 


APRIL FOOLS DAY

 
Teaching - there can be no finer calling requiring the clearest demonstration of moral and ethical behavior.
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests
BEGINNERS

1. What is the name of the Canadian territory that was created on this date in 1999?
(hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was the U.S. prisoner of war released on this date in 1973?
(hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Science Fiction and Fantasy World, Anne McCaffrey is best known for what two series? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a scientist or mathematician born on this date:
MONDAY CHRIG ZIRDS
INTERMEDIATE

1. What is the abbreviated name for the National Organization of Cypriot Fighters?
(hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the History of the Blues, how old was Alberta Hunter when she returned to performing in 1977?
(hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the University of Texas Medical Branch, in which year did William Harvey die?
(hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)


Use all of these letters to spell the name of one of the first seven astronauts chosen by NASA on this date in 1959 (according to NASA): POOR GOREN COD
EXPERT
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the U.S. Social Security Agency, Otto von Bismarck designed what insurance program for Germany?

2. According to the British Berlin Airlift Association, what occurred on August 4, 1948?

3. According to the University of St. Andrews, what inspired Marie-Sophie Germain to become a mathematician?


Use all of these letters to spell the popular name of a work of orchestral music by Sergei Rachmaninoff (according to The Classical Music Website):
H ROCKET
 
 

William Harvey
Born on This Date 1578

[San Jose State University]

Medical Researcher


Marie-Sophie Germain
Born on This Date 1776

Mathematics


Otto von Bismarck
Born on This Date 1815

[MGF Gymnasium]

German Military and Political Leader


Alberta Hunter
Born on This Date 1895

[Red Hot Jazz]

Jazz Musician


Anne McCaffrey
Born on This Date 1926

[Random House]

Young-adult Authors

 
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April Fools Day
April Fools Day
Benin: National Youth Day
(Observed annually on this date)
Benin Child Advocacy Teacher Appreciation
Cyprus: Greek Cypriot National Day
(Observed annually on this day)
Cyprus U.S. Department of State World Travel Guide
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Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1908 Margaret Scherf (West Virginia-born Mystery Writer, Children's Author) West Virginia Authors Young-adult Authors
1911 Augusta Baker (Maryland-born African-American Storyteller, Librarian) Maryland Authors Primary Children's Authors African-American Authors African American Registry
1926 Anne McCaffrey (Massachusetts-born Children's Author) Anne McCaffrey Young-adult Authors
1933 Jan Wahl (Ohio-born Children's Author) Ohio Authors and Illustrators Primary Children's Authors
1950 Edward Myers (Colorado-born Poet, Children's Author) Colorado Authors Poetry Young-adult Authors
1951 Karen Wallace (Canadian Children's Author) Canadian Authors Orchard Books
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1755 Anthelme Brillat-Savarin (French Writer, Chef) French Authors Food
1837 Jorge Isaacs (Colombian Poet, Novelist) Colombia Authors and Illustrators Poetry
1855 Agnes Repplier (Pennsylvania-born Writer) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators
1868 Edmond Rostand (French Playwright Who Wrote "Cyrano de Bergerac") French Writers Plays Writer's Alamanc Biography.com
1875 Edgar Wallace (English Novelist, Playwright, Journalist) English Authors Plays Journalism
1901 Whittaker Chambers (Pennsylvania-born Journalist; a Principal Figure in the Alger Hiss Case) Pennsylvania Authors and Illustrators Journalism Alger Hiss Case
1922 William Manchester (Massachusetts-born Historian, Biographer) Massachusetts Authors and Illustrators
1929 Milan Kundera (Czech Novelist) Czech Authors Writer's Alamanc
1947 Francine Prose (New York City-born Novelist) New York City Authors Writer's Alamanc
Artists, Architects and Designers
1852 Edwin Austin Abbey (Pennsylvania-born Painter, Illustrator) Pennsylvania Artists American Artists
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1873 Sergei Rachmaninoff (Russian Pianist, Composer) Sergei Rachmaninoff Composers
1921 Williams Bergsma (California-born Composer) California Composers American Composers
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1578 William Harvey (English Physician, Anatomist Who Explained the Circulation of Blood) William Harvey Medicine Human Anatomy Blood
1776 Marie-Sophie Germain (French Mathematician) Marie-Sophie Germain Mathematics
1865 Richard Zsigmondy (Austrian Organic Chemist) Austrian Scientists & Mathematicians Organic Chemistry 1925 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry
1908 Abraham Maslow (New York City-born Psychologist) New York Scientists & Mathematicians Psychology
Military Leaders
1884 Florence Blanchfield (West Virginia-born Nurse; First Woman to be a Fully Ranked Officer of the U.S. Army) West Virginia Military Figures Medical Professions U.S. Army New York Times
1931 James Lee Dozier (Florida-born Five-Star General) Florida Military Figures U.S. Army Florida Historical Society
Philosopher, Educators, Religious Leaders
1753 Joseph Marie de Maistre (French Philosopher) French Political and Social Leaders Philosophy
1854 Augustine (aka Augustus) Tolton (Missouri-born African-American Catholic Priest) Missouri Political and Social Leaders Religious Leaders and Theologians Catholicism African-American Political and Social Leaders African American Registry
Political and Social Leaders
1746 Jean-Etienne Portalis (French Lawyer Who Helped Draft the Napoleonic Code) French Political and Social Leaders Napoleon Bonaparte Law
1812 Tunis Campbell (New Jersey-born African-American Statesman, Abolitionist) New Jersey Political and Social Leaders Abolition Politics African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
1815 Otto Von Bismarck (Chancellor of Germany: 1871-90) Otto Von Bismarck
1905 Mother (Clara McBride) Hale (North Carolina-born African-American Social Activist Who Founded Hale House in Harlem) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders New York City Political and Social Leaders Community and Social Services African-American Political and Social Leaders Hale House African American Registry
The Notorious
1955 Terry Nichols (Michigan-born Convicted Murderer; co-Conspirator in the 1995 Bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building, Killing 168 People) Notorious People of Michigan Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Terrorism Biography.com
Performing Artists
1883 Lon Chaney (Colorado-born Actor) Colorado Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1886 Wallace Beery (Missouri-born Actor) Missouri Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1895 Alberta Hunter (Tennessee-born African-American Jazz Singer) Alberta Hunter Jazz Vocalist African-American Performing Artists
1897 Lucille Bogan (Mississippi-born African-American Blues Singer) Mississippi Performing Artists Blues & Jazz African-American Performing Artists Internet Movie Database African American Registry
1909 Abner Biberman (Wisconsin-born Actor, Producer) Wisconsin Performing Artists Actors Television Internet Movie Database
1910 Harry Carney (Massachusetts-born African-American Jazz Musician Who Played Bass Saxophone for the Duke Ellington Orchestra) Massachusetts Performing Artists  Jazz African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1920 Toshiro Mifune (Japanese Actor) Japanese Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Asian History
1928 Jane Powell (Oregon-born Singer, Actress) Oregon Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1932 Debbie Reynolds (Texas-born Actress) Texas Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
1938 Ali McGraw (New York-born Actress) New York Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1949 Gil Scott Heron (Chicago-born African-American Singer, Songwriter, Writer, Activist ) Chicago Performing Artists American Performing Artists American Composers and Songwriters African-American Performing Artists African American Registry
1982 Sam Huntington (New Hampshire-born Actor) New Hampshire Performing Artists Actors Film Biography.com
Sports Figures
1929 Bo Schembechler (Ohio-born Hall of Fame Football Coach at the University of Michigan) Ohio Sports Figures College Football Hall of Fame University of Michigan Football
Nell Jackson (Georgia-born African-American Member of the USA Track & Field Hall of Fame) Georgia Sports Figures USA Track & Field Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures University of Georgia
1939 Phil Niekro (Ohio-born Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame) Ohio Sports Figures Baseball Hall of Fame
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1865 John Milton (Florida Governor: Suicide) Florida Political and Social Leaders History Channel Florida Historical Society
1878 William Brady (Sheriff of Lincoln, New Mexico; Ambushed and Killed, Probably by Billy the Kid) Lincoln, New Mexico Billy the Kid Crime Notorious Americans New Mexcio Magazine
1898 William Cowper Brann (Illinois-born Texas Journalist: Murdered) Illinois Authors Texas Authors Journalism Crime Texas State  Historical Association
1917 Scott Joplin (Texas-born African-American Musician, Composer) Scott Joplin Composers Jazz and Blues African American Composers
1950 Charles Richard Drew (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Pioneer in Blood Plasma Research) Washington, D.C. Mathematicians & Scientists Blood Medical Research Famous African Americans
1984 Marvin Gaye (Washington, D.C.-born African-American Popular Singer; Shot to Death by His Father) Washington, D.C. Performing Artists Gun Control African American Performing Artists
1991 Martha Graham (Pennsylvania-born Dancer, Choreographer) Martha Graham Dance
2010 Ed Roberts (Florida-born "Father of the Personal Computer") Ed Roberts Computer Technology Inventors & Inventions Bill Gates & Microsoft

Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1621 Leaders of the Plymouth Colony Make a Defensive Peace Alliance with Massasoit, Chief of the Wampanoags Plymouth Colony Colonial Massachusetts Wampanoags Historic  U.S. Documents History Channel
1682 King Charles II Grants Royal Patronage to Scientists and Academics Founding the Royal Society of London London King Charles II Science Royal Society of London Historic UK
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1734 Canada's First Lighthouse Is Put into Service: Louisbourg, Nova Scotia Canada Naval History Lighthouses Fortress of Louisburg
1789 Meeting in New York City the U.S. House of Representatives Holds First Session of All Members New York City U.S. House of Representatives Historic Firsts National Archives and Records Administration History Channel University of Georgia
Pennsylvania Representative Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg Is Elected as the First Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Pennsylvania Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives Historic Firsts History Channel
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
1800 In Indiana, General Washington Johnson, Becomes the First Postmaster of Vincennes Vincennes, Indiana U.S. Postal Service Historic Firsts Indiana Historical Society
1805
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we have Thunder lightning hail and rain to day the first rain of note Sinc the 15 of October last,

I had the Boat Perogus & Canos put in the water, and expect to Set off the boat with despatches in her will go 6 Americans 3 frenchmen, and perhaps Several ricarra Chief

imediately after we Shall assend in 2 perogus & 6 canoes, accompanied by 5 french who intends to assend a Short distance to trap the beavr which is in great abundance highr up

our party will consist of one Interpter & Hunter [George Drouillard], one French man as an interpreter with his two wives Apparently the captains intended to take both of Charbonneau's wives along, but something unrecorded happening in the last few days at Fort Mandan resulted in Sacagawea being the only one actually to make the trip] (this man Speaks Minetary to his wives who are L hiatars or Snake Indians of the nations through which we Shall pass, and to act as interpretress thro him—

26 americans & french my servant and an Mandan Indian and provisions for 4 months—

Ordway: Cloudy. thunder and large hail, hard rain followed about half an hour then the party turned out and put the Barge and the 8 perogues in to the River commenced raining again at 4 oClock P. M. and continued raining untill 12 oClock at night.

Gass: As our large boat was to return immediately to St. Louis, the whole of our craft was put into the water. A considerable quantity of rain fell this day; the first of any consequence that had fallen here for six months

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

Storms Beaver Keelboat

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

1806
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: This morning early we dispatched Sergt. Pryar with two men in a small canoe up quicksand river with orders to proceed as far as he could and return this evening. we also sent a party of three hunters over the river to hunt a large bottom of woodland and prarie above the entrance of the Quicksand river; the ballance of the hunters we sent out in different directions on this side of the Columbia and employed those about camp in making a rope of Elkskin.

the Indians who encamped near us last evening continued with us untill about midday. they informed us that the quicksand river which we have heretofore deemed so considerable, only extendes through the Western mountains as far as the S. Western side of mount hood where it takes it's source.

this mountain bears E from this place and is distant about 40 miles. this information was corroborated by that of sundry other indians who visited us in the course of the day. we were now convinced that there must be some other considerable river which flowed into the columbia on it's south side below us which we have not yet seen, as the extensive valley on that side of the river lying between the mountainous country of the Coast and the Western mountains must be watered by some stream which we had heretofore supposed was the quicksand river. but if it be a fact that the quicksand river heads in Mount Hood it must leave the valley within a few miles of it's entrance and runs nearly parallel with the Columbia river upwards.

we indeavoured to ascertain by what steam the southern portion of the Columbia valley was watered but could obtain no satisfactory information of the natives on this head. they informed us that the quicksand river is navigable a short distance only in consequence of falls and rapids; and that no nation inhabits it.—

Sergt. Pryar returned in the evening and reported that he had ascended the river six miles; that above the point at which it divides itself into two channels it is about 300 yds wide tho' the channel is not more than 50 yds and only 6 ft deep. this is a large vollume of water to collect in so short a distance; I therefore think it probable that there are some large creeks falling into it from the S. W. the bed of this stream is formed entirely of quicksand; it's banks are low and at preasent overflows. the water is turbid and current rapid.—

We were visited by several canoes of natives in the course of the day; most of whom were decending the river with their women and children. they informed us that they resided at the great rapids and that their relations at that place were much streightened at that place for the want of food; that they had consumed their winter store of dryed fish and that those of the present season had not yet arrived.

I could not learn wheather they took the Sturgeon but presume if they do it is in but small quantities as they complained much of the scarcity of food among them. they informed us that the nations above them were in the same situation & that they did not expect the Salmon to arrive untill the full of the next moon which happens on the 2d of May.

we did not doubt the varacity of these people who seemed to be on their way with their families and effects in surch of subsistence which they find it easy to procure in this fertile valley.— This information gave us much uneasiness with rispect to our future means of subsistence. above falls or through plains from thence to the Chopunnish there are no deer Antelope nor Elk on which we can depend for subsistence;

their horses are very poor most probably at this season, and if they have no fish their dogs must be in the same situation. under these circumstances there seems to be but a gloomy prospect for subsistence on any terms; we therefore took it into serious consideration what measures we were to pursue on this occasion; it was at once deemed inexpedient to wait the arrival of the salmon as that would detain us so large a portion of the season that it is probable we should not reach the United States before the ice would close the Missouri; or at all events would hazard our horses which we lelft in charge of the Chopunnish who informed us that they intended passing the rocky mountains to the Missouri as early as the season would permit them wich is as we believe about the begining of May. should these people leave their situation near kooskooske before our arrival we may probably find much difficulty in recovering our horses; without which there will be but little possibility of repassing the mountains; we are therefore determined to loose as little time as possible in geting to the Chopunnish Village.

at 3 P. M. the hunters who were sent over the river returned having killed 4 Elk and two deer; the Elk were in good order but the deer extreemly poor. they informed us that game is very plenty in that quarter. the hunters on this side of the river also returned but had killed nothing; they saw a few Elk and deer. there was also much sign of the black bear seen on the other side of the river.

we sent a party to bring in the flesh of the Elk and deer that were killed. they did not return this evening. I purchased a canoe from an Indian today for which I gave him six fathoms of wampum beads; he seemed satisfyed with his bargain and departed in another canoe but shortly after returned and canceled the bargain; took his canoe and returned the beads. this is frequently the case in their method of traiding and is deemed fair by them.

The last evening and this morning were so cloudy that I could neither obtain any Lunar observations nor equal altitudes.—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clark County, Washington Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1813 Spanish Governor Santísima Trinidad de Salcedo Surrenders the City of San Antonio to Mexican Separatist Revolutionaries Spain Mexico San Antonio, Texas Texas State Historical Association
1820 Miller County, Arkansas Is Created Miller County, Arkansas Arkansas History Commission
1826 Samuel Morey Patents the First Internal Combustion Engine Connecticut Scientists & Inventors Automotives Inventors & Inventions Patents & Trademarks Historic Firsts Center for the Study of Technology and Society
1851 Ohio's Last County, Noble County, Is Established Noble County, Ohio Ohio Historical Society
1852 Nicolas Delin Begins Construction of a Water-Powered Sawmill at the head of Commencement Bay in What Will Become Tacoma, Washington Tacoma, Washington Trees Economics History Link
Milwaukee Mechanics Mutual Insurance Is Created as the First U.S. Company to Underwrite Fire Insurance Policies Milwaukee, Wisconsin Business Fire Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1853 Cincinnati Is the First U.S. City to Pay Firefighters a Regular Salary Ohio State & Local Government Labor Business & Economics City of Cincinnati New York Times
1856 The First Elections Held in Ashland, Wisconsin Take Place in Shuyler Goff's Store Ashland, Wisconsin Elections Historic Firsts Wisconsin Historical Society
1861 President Lincoln Approves Plans for the Reinforcement of Fort Pickens in Florida Florida President Abraham Lincoln Forts American Civil War Lincoln Logs
1862 Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter Orders a Prohibition on Hard Liquors to Prevent Distillers from Using Food Necessary for the War Alabama Substance Abuse Foods and Nutrition American Civil War Alabama State Archive
1864 The Federal Transport Steamer, Maple Leaf, Strikes a Confederate Torpedo on Florida's St. Johns River and Sinks Florida Naval Military History American Civil War Florida Historical Society
1865 Pickett's Confederate Troops Are Defeated at Five Forks, Virginia Virginia Battle of Five Forks National Park Service History Channel
Florida Governor John Milton Commits Suicide at His Plantation, Sylvania Florida Political and Social Leaders Death History Channel Florida Historical Society
1868 Hampton University Is Founded in Virginia Virginia Education Education African-American Heritage Hampton University
1869 The First Public School in Alaska under the American Flag Is Opened in a Log Building at Sitka Sitka, Alaska Education Historic Firsts Alaska Historical Society
An Earthquake Rocks San Francisco, California for 18 Seconds. San Francisco, California Earthquakes Learn California
1870 Cheering Crowds Welcome Robert E. Lee and His Daughter to Savannah, Georgia Savannah, Georgia Robert E. Lee University of Georgia
1873 Steamer Atlantic' Sinks off Nova Scotia: 481 Die Nautical History Death The Ships List
1877 The Founder of Tombstone, Arizona Begins Prospecting Tombstone, Arizona Silver History Channel
1878 In Lincoln, New Mexico, Sheriff William Brady Is Ambushed and Killed, Probably by Billy the Kid Lincoln, New Mexico Billy the Kid Crime Death Notorious Americans New Mexcio Magazine
1880 The U.S. Congress Returns Minnesota's Fort Ripley Military Reservation to the Public Domain, Making the Land Available for Settlement Minnesota U.S. Congress Forts Minnesota Historical Society
In Delaware, the Wilmington Morning News Begins Publication as an Advocate for African-American Rights Wilmington, Delaware Journalism Civil Rights/Human Rights African-American Heritage State of Delaware
1886 In Key West, Florida, More Than Fifty Acres of Homes and Businesses Are Destroyed by Fire Key West, Florida Fire Florida Historical Society
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1912 Charlie Chaplin Begins an Engagement At Seattle, Washington's Empress Theatre Seattle, Washington Charlie Chaplin Stage and Theater History Link
1913 In South Africa, Authorization for the Establishment of a National Police Force Is Enacted South African Government Law Enforcement Laws South African History
1916 Russian-American Filmmaker Lewis Selznick Founds His Own Movie Studio Russian Performing Artists Filmmakers Business History Channel
1918 The British Royal Air Force Begins Operation British Military Figures Aviation Military History WWI British Royal Air Force History Channel Center for the Study of Technology and Society
"Daylight Savings Time" Goes into Effect Across the U.S. to Save Fuel for the American War Effort Time WWI Florida Historical Society
Henry Miller's Theater Opens in New York City with a Production of The Fountain of Youth New York City Stage and Theater New York Historical Society Internet Broadway Database
1923 In Minnesota, the Twin City Savings and Loan Association Is Chartered Minnesota Business Economics Minnesota Historical Society
1924 Adolf Hitler Is Sentenced for the Beer Hall Putsch, an Attempted Coup in Munich By Right-Wing Members of the German Army Germany Adolph Hitler Crime Law History Channel
In St. Paul, Minnesota, 600 Women Attend a Safe Driver Automobile School at the YWCA St. Paul, Minnesota Women Automotives St. Paul Minnesota YWCA Minnesota Historical Society
1925 Britain's Lord Balfour Dedicates Jerusalem's Hebrew University Israel Education Judaism Hebrew University
1933 Nazi Germany Begins Persecuting Jews with a Boycott of Jewish-Owned Businesses Nazi Germany Judaism Economics New York Times
1935 General Electric Co. Announces the First Radio Tube Made of Metal Radio Inventors and Inventions Business General Electric Historic Firsts History Channel
1938 Japan's National Mobilization Law Grants Authority for the Government to Secure and Assign Resources for War Japanese Government Law WWII Asian History
1939 The United States Recognizes the Franco Government in Spain Following the End of the Spanish Civil War Spain War New York Times
The University of Wisconsin Hosts and Wins Its First NCAA Boxing Championship Before a Crowd of 15,000 Wisconsin Sports Figures Boxing Historic Firsts University of Wisconsin NCAA Wisconsin Historical Society
1940 William Faulkner's The Hamlet Is Published William Faulkner American Authors National Council of Teachers of English
1943 U.S. Meats, Fats, and Cheese Products Are Rationed for the First Time During World War II Foods WWII Florida Historical Society
1945 U.S. 10th Army Lands 50,000 Troops on Okinawa Okinawa Naval History WWII U.S. Army History Channel New York Times Asian History
1946 400,000 U.S. Mine Workers Strike Labor National Labor College
A Tsunami Created by Alaskan Earthquake Strikes Hilo, Hawaii, Killing More than 170 People Hawaii Alaska Tsunamis & Tidal Waves Earthquake Death History Channel USGS
1948 U.S. & British Military Trains Are Detained at Soviet-controlled Berlin Checkpoints Berlin Soviet Union Railroads Berlin Airlift British Berlin Airlift Brigade History Channel
By a Margin of Only 4%, the People of Newfoundland Vote to Join the Dominion of Canada Newfoundland Voting CBC
1949 Happy Pappy Airs As First African-American TV Variety Show Television African-American History Historic Firsts Museum of Broadcast Communications History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1952 Alpher, Bethe & Gamow's Big Bang Theory Is Published in Physical Review Cosmology Writer's Almanac
1953 Arthur Miller's "The Crucible," a Play in 4 Acts, Is Copyrighted Arthur Miller Plays Trademarks and Copyrights USPTO
1954 President Dwight Eisenhower Signs Bill Establishing U.S. Air Force Academy President Dwight Eisenhower U.S. Air Force
1955 Cypriots (EOKA) Begin Campaign of Violence Against British Cyprus Great Britain Terrorism Library of Congress
1957 The BBC's April Fools Documentary on the Spaghetti Crop in Switzerland Draws Mixed Reactions English Media April Fools Spaghetti The BBC
The State of Washington Establishes an Office for the Acquisition of Land for Construction of Interstate 5 Around Seattle Seattle, Washington Transportation Economics History Link
1959 NASA Selects Its First Seven Astronauts NASA Astronauts Historic Firsts NASA
1960 The U.S. Places World's First Weather Satellite (Tiros-1) into Orbit Weather Space Exploration Historic Firsts NASA
1963 Daytime Soap Opera General Hospital First Airs on ABC Television Internet Movie Database
New York City Newspapers Resume Publishing after 114 -day Strike NYC Labor Journalism New York Times
Michigan Voters Adopt a New Constitution That Includes a State Income Tax and Increases the Term for Governors from 2 to 4 Years Michigan Historic U.S. Documents Voting State of Michigan
1964 32-year-old John Updike Is the Youngest Person Elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters John Updike American Authors National Institute of Arts and Letters Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
1970 President Nixon Signs Legislation Banning Cigarette Ads on Television and Radio President Richard Nixon Tobacco Television Radio Propaganda Law and Legal Resources History Channel
American Motors Debuts the First American Sub-Compact Gremlin Automobiles AMX Files History Channel
Bud Selig Leads a Group Which Acquires the Seattle Pilots Franchise, Renaming It the Milwaukee Brewers Milwaukee, Wisconsin Seattle, Washington Baseball Business Major League Baseball Wisconsin Historical Society
1971 US/Canada ISIS 2 Satellite Launched to Study Ionosphere Canada NASA Earth Science Space Exploration IEEE Canada
1972 Major League Baseball Players Call the First General Players' Strike in Sports History Baseball Labor Historic Firsts New York Times
1973 Vietnamese Release Last American Prisoner of War, Robert White Vietnam War Prisoners of  War University of Richmond
1979 Ayatollah Khomeini Proclaims Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran Iran Islam Iran Chamber Society
1983 In England, Tens of Thousands Form a 14-mile Human Chain to Protest Nuclear Power England Nuclear Energy Propaganda The BBC
1985 Villanova Beats Georgetown 66-64 to Win the NCAA Basketball Championship Basketball NCAA Villanova Georgetown History Channel New York Times
1986 Japan's Equal Employment Opportunity Law Granting Women Up to 14 Weeks of Maternity Leave Japanese Government Labor Women Child Advocacy Rights Law Asian History
1987 Speaking to Doctors in Philadelphia, President Ronald Reagan Declares AIDS to be "Public Health Enemy No. 1" Philadelphia, Pennsylvania President Ronald Reagan Health Care AIDS New York Times
Japan's National Railroad Is Split into 11 Private Railroads Japan Railroad Business Asian History
In Fog, the Tanker Seapride II Topples Towers Carrying 500,000 Volt Transmission Lines Across the Delaware River: $26M Damage Delaware Naval History Electricity Business State of Delaware
1990 In Manchester, England, 3 Die as 1,000 Prisoners Protest Overcrowding at Strangeways Prison Manchester, England Prison The BBC
In Port Elizabeth, South Africa, Nelson Mandela Addresses 300,000 People Attending a Political Rally of the African National Congress South African Nelson Mandela South African History
U.S. Minimum Wage Increases from $3.35 to $3.80/hour Labor Economics State of Montana (pdf)
1991 U.S. Minimum Wage Increases from $3.80 to $4.25/hour Labor Economics State of Montana (pdf)
Duke Defeats Kansas 72-65 to Win the NCAA Basketball Championship Basketball NCAA Duke Kansas New York Times
1995 In Georgia, the DeKalb County Fernbank Museum of Natural History Opens DeKalb County, Georgia Museums Fernbank Museum of Natural History University of Georgia
1996 Two of Japan's Largest Banks, Mitsubishi Bank and the Bank of Tokyo, Merge, Creating the World's Largest Financial Institution Japanese Business Business Asian History
1999 Great Britain Enacts Its First Minimum Wage of £3.60/hr. for Adults and £3/hr. for Workers under 2 Years of Age Great Britain Labor Economics Historic Firsts The BBC
New Canadian Territory of Nunavut Is Created Canada Native-American Studies Nunavut Court of Justice
Historic Events that occurred 2000-2009 on this date
2000 The Population of the State of Texas Increases 22% to 20,851,820 Since 1990 - Primarily Due to Expanding Minority Populations Texas Demographics Hispanic Heritage African-American Heritage Texas State  Historical Association
2001 Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic Is Arrested on Corruption Charges After a 26-hour Armed Standoff with Police Slobodan Milosevic Crime The BBC